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The enquirer. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1804-1815, July 26, 1815, Image 2

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It.appeal’s they wevc not able to got any thing
i.t tl»e least consequence. A part of the
Mock ot this vessel was discovered a short \
tune ago drifting ou the no/them coast ot this ]
stand. *
General Morales* army preceded the
inarch of the other tr<«>p>:. General Ceval- J
los remained as VeiiKutc Uey or Deputy
Captain General, • iiilst Cagig.il goes home,
carrying the regrets of the community with
1. Oil.
Provisions, rwint; to the increase ;1 coo
• .rnption, had become very scarce ami dear.
It is to be hoped, that on die arrival of gen
eral Murillo i.t Puerto Cnbcllo, the error
which tire govern ment of diat pdacc has tal
ler, into by detaining British vessels, will be
*' micabiy rectified. Letters from Puerto Ca
• ■ Ho mention that a part ot the mules com
prising the cargo of the hermaphrodite brig
*- Dra, have been impressed for the military
service, and the buy upon which they were
v » be f’d, taken from on board the vessel lor
r'ie purpose of making matrasses for the use
• • t the hospitals. The case ot the Cora and
tae other British vessels impressed Into the
Spanish service, has been represented to the
s urr.’l. 0:1 the Jamaica station, from which we
augur that efforts will be used to procure tlicir
speedy release.
We have understood (ami the report seems
worthy of credit) that general Bollivar had
arrived in Jamaica from Carthagena, which
gives some reason to suppose that city is dis
pose J to surrender without bloodshed to the
Spanish forces. It is said to be the inten
t.un of General Bollivar to proceed to Eng
land. ;
From the Misaouri Gazette of June 17.
The following letter was received by gov.
Clark, on Wednesday Iasi:
From Cafitain Bulger to Gox’crnor Clark,
dated at
Fort M’Kav, Praire du Chien, May 23.
SiR—I have now to acknowledge the re
ceipt of the two dispatches sent me sometime
ago, viz. one from his Excellency Govern
or Clark, the other from Colonel Russell ;
answers to which it was not in my power
to cet conveyed to Saint Louis, without im
minent hazard to the person carrying the
The official intelligence of peace reached
ir.e only yesi* rday, upon which 1 adopted the
most prudent and decided measures to stop
farther hostilities ct the Indians. I most ar
dently hope and strongly believe, that the
steps 1 have taken will ue attended with the
good effects which the British goverment as
well as that of the U. States is so anxious for.
I propose evacuating this post to-morrow,
taking with me the guns, 8cc. captured in the
fort, in order that the same may be deliver
ed up at Mackinaw, to such officer as the
United States may appoint to receive that
place. Mv- instructions were to send them
down the Mississippi to St. Louis, if it could be
done without hazard to the party conveying
My motive in immediately withdrawing
from this post will be best explained by the
enclosed extract from the iuatructons of
Lieutenant Colonel MTJonald, commanding
at Michilimackinac. I have not tue small
est hesitation in declaring my decided opin
ion that the presenca of a detachment of
British and United States troops at the same
time, at Fort M’Kay, would be the means
of embroiling either one party or the other
in a fresh rupture with the Indians, which I
presume it is the w.sh of both governments to
Should the measures which I have adopted
prove in the smallest degree contrary to the
spirit and intent of the treaty of peace, I beg
that it may not be considered by tl^e govern
ment of the U. S. as proceedii»g from any o
ther motive than a desire of avoiding any fur
ther trouble dr contention with the Indians,
find of promoting the harmony and good un
derstanding so receutly restored between the
two governments.
I have the honor to be, sir,
Your most obedient servant,
A. BULGER, Capt.
Royal N. F. regiment, commanding a de
tachment of II. B. Majesty’s troops on the
Extract from It. col. M'Donald's instructions
to Ca/it. llulgcr, Royal A. E. regt. comd’t
oj fort Al’Kay, dated Mackinac, 5th Alau
2815. »
lit. The orders oflieut. general sir Gordon
Drummond must be carried into cfl’jct, if so
understood and required by the government of
the U.B. ; provided, that the thing is practi
cable, without committing to imminent haz
ard the safety of the American detachment or
of your own garrison, thereby having a ten
dency to interrupt the harmony so recently
1 P (iff \
2. Should it appear to you distinctly and
unequivocally evident that in attempting to
put the American troops in possession of Koit
M’Kiy, or retaining r. for that purpose, that
the safety of yourself and garrison is thereby
haaarded, and that no doubt remains on your
mind that it would be resisted on the part of
the Indians, 45c also highly endanger the safe
ty o‘ the said detachment ofU. S. troops, ami
have a tendency to renew hostilities between
them anu the Indians, the unavoidable neces
sity of the case will compel you to destroy the
fort and withdraw the garrison, &c. as before
stated. -
district order.
St. Louis, June 15.
All officers commanding companies, posts
nr detachments within my command, w ill,
without delay, report themselves to Bri
gadier General liissell, at this place.
Colonel 7th, and District Commandant.
St. Loris, June 15.
SIR—\ereeably to general order, issued
from the war department (dated May 17,
1815) accompanied by a register of the peace
establishment army, I discover that my dis
b indmcnt takes place to day or as soon alter
as rclievedi
I have this day issued an order order
ing all officers commanding posts, detach
ments or companies, to report themselves
and commands to you, and I now have
,ihe honour to tender to you the command
, of all the forces under nfy command within
he territories of Indiana, Illinois and Missou
And all public accounts in my possession
relative to this command, I hold subject to
y.#ur order.
I h ve the honor to be,
With great Te.sjiect, . .
Your obedient servant,
Colonel 7th, and District Conmaiulaot.
On. Daniel Bi .seJi,
, United States* army, St. i.ruiix.
Baltimorr, July 20.
Cupt. BlHCHwr'i, of the brig Savior, avr.
lere yesterday, in 31 days from Madeira, in
arms, that Mr. Felling of Funchal, received
i letter from Mr. H .s, of Lisbon, dated June
', by which it app- red. that an Algerine t
rigate had been iff the bar of Lisbon, and!
tad captured four Americans, 2 Portuguese j
md two Dutch merchantmen. Three Aiger- !
frigates were off Cape St. Vincents in the
xginning of June. We hope com. Decatur’s
iquadron may have the good fortune to fall in
with them, as he will pav them a tribute
wit ch is juHily due them from this country,
and settle honorably alt arrearages.
Mechanics’ Gazette.
Jufy 22.
Capt. \\ ingate of the brig Gustavus, arr.at
Philadelphia, in 60 days from Liverpool,
spoke on the 4-th ins:, in lut. 42, Ion. 65, the
l . S. ship Independence, com. Bambridve.
ah v/cll. 5
Philadelphia, July 21.
A letter from Gibraltar, dated May 19, to
a gentleman in this city, says—“ This is to ad
vise you of the arrival of the shin Hope, in
28 days’ passage from Philadelphia, having
fortunately escaped a visit from the Algerine
squadron, that had been cruising out of the
Straits to the Northward, and parsed her a
tew miles to the Southward when off the
Rock. The Hope was in sight of the squad
ron all day, ignorant of what nation they
^ We hp.ve just conversed, says the N. Y.
Columbian, with an intelliecnt officer of the
army from Sackrtt’s Harb >i who mforirts us
that a British officer latelf ^from Kingston,
stated the determination of Gen. Robinson,
to hold Michillhnackinac. .. Two battalions,’
were ordered up to garrison ?h<s Fort.
Wc understand, that the excuse alleged for
holding Michilimackinac contrary to the
treaty is, that we hold some post in the Flo
ndas to \Vhich Great Britain lays claim.
New-York, July Id'..
The IT. S brig of war Firefly ..Capt. Rod
gers, sailed from this port yesterday morning
destined to the Meditteranean, to join oua
squadron under the command of com. Deca
July 21.
Ihe next vessels to sail from this station,
will be, the Washington, 74, com. Chauncey,
Java 44, capt. Perry, (the Hrst expected from
Portsmouth and the latter from Baltimore)
Boxer 16, Lt. Com’t. Porter, and Saranac 16,
Lt. Com’t Elton, brigs built at Chatham,
Connecticut. The corvette John Adams,
Capt. Trenchard, proceeds to Baltimore, and
sa ls from there as a store-ship. The rendez
vous in the Mediterranean is Port Mahon, in
the island of Minorca, vv hen the above ves
sels reach their destination, the American
force in that sea will co.isist of the fullcwing :
Independence, Com. B tinbridge, 74
Washington, Chauncey, 74
Guerriere, Decatur, 44
Java, Perry, 44
Macedonian* Jones, 38
Constellation, Gordon, 35
Congress, Morris. 38 fr. Hol
Ontaric, Elliott, (ship) 33 nalui.
Erie, Ridge ley, 13
Epervier, Downes, (brig) 33
Fire-Fly, Rodgers, 38
Boxer, Porter, 18
Chippewa. Reid, 18
Saranac, Elton, 15
Flambeau, Nicholson, IQ
Spark, Gamble, lt$
Spitfire, Dallas*, 14
Torch, Chauncey, 34
Lynx, Storer, * 14
„ We understand that the U. S. sch. Nonsuch,
Capt. Trant, is shortly to proceed to Hali
fax and Jamaica, to bring heme the blacks
taken from the southern states by the British
naval commanders during the late war, and
who are to be delivered 'jack to their own
ers. We have seen a St. Johns (N. B.) ac
count of the arrival at that place of 375 of
the black deserters they call them, in a
vessel from Halifax.
Policy as well as humanity dictates their
restoration ; as the experience of former oc
casions (in the case of the Maroons treache
rously transported from Jam lipa to Nova Sco
tia, an l the negroes taken by Lord Dunmore
from Virginia and carried there) proved the
inability ot blacks accustomed to a warm cli- !
mate to live, much less to be profitable sub
jects, in the bleak regions of British America.
A great proportion of the poor creatures pe
rished with cold the first winter, and the go
vernment was finally obliged to send all the
survivors out of the country again.
no ST ON, July 11)—Moon.
Arrived this day, sloop Margaret, Bowden,
6 days fro n Halifax, with H cargo of crocke
ry ?c dry-goods.
By in is arrival, wc have received Halifax
papers to the 7 th instant. Arrived there,
Narcissus frigate, capt. Crofton, 13 days from
Bermuda, (passengers, the commanders of the
Cyane and Levant, with their officers) Cyd
nus frigate. Spencer, from do. 7 ; schrs. Jo
seph ami Polly, New-Vork, 6 ; Jasseur brig
of war from a cruize, with « American ves
sels, detected fishing on the western shoals
of this province ; cutter Landrail, from Ber
muda ; Hamburgh galliot Hannah, 13 days
from Charleston for Hamburgh, put in leaky
and must discharge.
[From several gentlemen who came passen
gers in thc Margi t et, we learn that after a
detention of 4S hours, these vesse ls were re
leased, having their papers endorsed, forbid
ding their fishing on the Westet-u shores of
that province. They also state that two gun
brigs had sailed for the protection of their
fishing ground, and were ordered to capture
and bring in every American vessel found
within three mile* of the shore ] Gaz.
Halifax, July 7.
The Examiner Cu»ter which arrived on
Thursday from the Eastern Shore, parted
with his Majesty’s brig Escort, a few days
since, off Cape Canso. She had boarded a
great number of American fishing vessels,
endorsed their registers, and ordered them off
the coast,
Halifax, July 8,
It was confidently asserted at Gibraltar,
tint the Turks are determined to assist the
Algerines in the approaching contest with A
roerica ; and that six sad of the line, and as
many frigates, were ready for that (Hirpose ;
a gentleman who has sailed with Turkish
men of war, (when combined with the British
I lb et in the Mediterranean,) informs us, that
1 they are well appointed, and during the day
well handled, but as their ciev.s ate chiefly
, Composed of slaves, who are confided at dark,
j they arc under snug sail at night. * The two
deckers'nave r. port c,n each side, abreast the '
niainnmit, tor a large gun or mortar, to throw
granite balls, which weigh from three to live
hundred pounds.
If Commodore Decatur means ary thing
be) ml parade, he may meet >i reception as
unexpected as unpleasant ; the Dutch may
possibly join him, but their rate of sailing ts
against their giving him material assistance ;
and the Independence Jins her sides so thick
•mil heav) that her lower-xlcck ports tie hard
ly tlitec feet and a halt out of the water ; in
cons- quence ol which, it is deemed prudent
to cauik thilm before she attempts to cross
the Atlantic.
From the Orcadian )i< rordrr, (Halifax) of
dune '27.
It appears, that Sir Cl. orge Prcvost has mt
I'lny been ordered home, to answer the char
s'-5' brought ag oust him ferhis military con
duct ; hut has also been finally dismissed from
his gov’t, and hi.,commission formally revok
ed with every clause, article or thing therein
nJTI- -
Norfolk, July 22.
” e have been favored with files of London
papers, brought by the brig Longkiki.d
Cox, capt. Blair, from London, to the twen
ty-ninth of May, from which extracts are gi
ven in this day’s paper.
The report of the committee of the Con
gress at ^ ientm, is an important document, 1ST
having been adopted, not only by the powers
who were parties to the treaty of Paris, but
by all the other powers of Europe, even by
those who adhered longest to Bonaparte, in
cluding Denmark and Saxony, is complete ev
idence of an Unanimity, never before witness
ed. The arguments advanced require no
comment ; they prove that under no circum
stance whatever, will the powers of Europe
permit Bonaparte to govern the French na
The fate of Murat appears to he decided,
his retreat for the strong fortress of data,
may save himself and family fora while, but
cut ofTfrotn the rest of his dominions, he nmy
be considered as virtually dethroned, indeed
he appears to be so considered, by a treaty
vtuiv.1i-iAuairia ami me ivang nt tnc lwobici
lics have made, in which the title of the lat
ter to the throne of Naples is, in effect, ac
1 he Austrian General Augcnt wasaxpec
ted to enter Naples on the 6th June. It
is difficult to ascertain the extent of insurrec
tion in I-ranee, the information on that sub
ject being so differently st.ited in the Paris
papers, and in the .London papers, but e
ven from the former it is easily to dicover
that the disturbances are very serious.
[From London r after« received at the office
of the Public L‘ger, by the brig Long held
Cox, Ca/it. Blair.]
London, May 25.
At length ministers have received official
dispatches from Lord Burghersh, in which
the defeat of Murat is stated to be complete.
The following Bulletin was last night issued
from tile Foreign Office, announcing the e
Foreign Office, May 24, 1815.,
Letters were received last night from lord
Bnrghersh, dated the 3d inst. which state
that the Austrian Gen. Bianchi was that
morning engaged with 3 Neapolitan divisions
in an action, which terminated in their total
discomfiture, & the advance of the Austrians
from Tolentino to within a short distance of
Mace rata.
By the rapidity with which General Bian
chi had conducted h;s march from Bologna
♦hreugh Florence and Foiigno, he was ena
bled to occupy the direct road from Ancona
tp Naples, and thereby to turn the positions
of the Neapolitan army. Murat was conse
quently obliged to fight a battle, in the hopes
of securing his retreat to the frontiers of tue
Neapolitan States.
General Bianchi on the 2d May took up a
position, on the heights in front of Tolentino,
extending between the Rivers Chienti on his
right, and Potenza on his left. Murat advan
ced against hint from Macerata with the di
visions of Gens. L.vron, Pig'natelii and Am
brosio ; and occupied the heights about Monte
L.trly on the 3d the Neapolitans attacked
the centre and right of the Austrians, com
manded by gens. Mohr and Scarhemberg;
but this attack having failed with loss, the
whole efforts of Murat’s army were directed
against the Austrian’s left. This attack,
made n three heavy columns of infantry, in
mass, supported by cavalry and artillery, was
received by an Austrian brisrad e. tlir.»i'tr'rt !vvr
General Hianchi, who succeeded, w ith the
assistance of two squadrons of cavalry, in ta
king one of the masses and dispersing the oth
Soon after this failure Murat began his
retreat ; he was pursued with activity till
dark; near J000 prisoners were taken du
ring that day : General Collier, and an aid
de-camp of Civil. Medecis were among these.
Generals Ambrosto & Campana were woun
General Niepperg, with lib corps, was in
communication with General Hianchi by Ne
The Neapolitan army retreated by Fonr.o
and l’csccra.
Subsequent letters from Lord Buvghersh,
dated Rome, May 7, state, that Gen. Niep
perg arrived at Monte ('assiano on the 3d at
night, and was ordered to meet Gen. Bianchi
on the 4th at Macer.ua. A detachment of
the corps ot Gen. Nugent, which was moving
by Rietti upon Aqu'.la, encountered on the 1st
May, a body of 500 Neapolitans, and defeated
it with great loss.
The. enemy was commanded by General
Montigni, and occupied a strong post upon
the road between Civiu Ducale and Introdo
ro, from which, however, they were immedi
ately driven bach by a gallant attack, con
ducted by major Flettc ; 2 officers and s-veral
prisoners were taken, and a considerable
number threw down their arms & dispersed.
The peasants of the neighbourhood took an
active part in pursuit of the Neapolitan fugi
tives. &
Major Flettc, after this success, marched
upon Aquilln, where he arrived on the 2d
The garrison, consisting o» T.'jo men, retired
into a castle on his approach. On the 4th they
capitulated, giving up ten pieces of artillery,
with a considerable quantity of ammunition,
and being allowed to return to Naples, undei
the condition of not serving against the allies
for the space of one montn.
_ May 29.
By the letters from Vienna it appears iha;
the general expectation there wat. mat gen.
Nugent Would be in Naples on the ni.nh ins'.
M A U Pc-vel, h co^pVt-’.y cut off
from his capital.
The »tc.on4division of the R»s,uu« arniv,
consisting ot two hue rtpnsmtx ot cavalrt,
whh artillery, passed though Prague on the
1!th iiwt. A th*rtl division |t-ts>^ i tot-ougu
»a» the 13th ; other divisions have p isv.l thro’
Dresden. They an- in hue order, and observe
the strictest discipline.
A letter 1mm the .Maine, of thu k,'th, states,
that the French have Itegini to d e from the
outworks o! 1 luningen upon persons walking
on the opposite bank of the Rhine.
I he Diet ot Norway has approved oif the
arrangements proposed by th** king of Swe
den tor tile perteet union and harmony of the
two kingdoms. This is a great point at the
present crisis, as it will produce a large dis
p'>sablc force f r tlie common cause.
I lie Hamburg Correspondent of the 23d
inst, contains the following singular para
graph :
ship from T* »rdeaux, which arrived within
these tew days at Iiatnhurgh, had a passport.
Much had on one side the roy d sea) with the
fleurs de lys, and on the other that of the ea
gle, and below that the republican seal, with
the superscription, He/iubiiyue 1'runcaise, an
in the year 1792.
The Zcitting, of 19th May, contains the
following letter from Vienna, dated the 14th
May :
f he well known Lal>?snardiere, a disciple
of 1’ouche’s school, which left us yesterday to
return to France, has acted a pretty consider
ble part at the Congress as French Counsel
lor of State.
It is suspected that nearly all the secreta
ries in Talleyrand’s bureau were constantly
connected with Bonaparte, as most of them
are gone back to France. It is confidently
affirmed that Bonaparte has made fresh pro
posals to our court respecting his wife and his
son, tendering, as it seems, to make the Em
press Regent of France, in her son’s name, in
which case he (Bonaparte) would renounce
the government, and refrain from interfering
in the affairs of France.
This proposal is. regarded as a proof of the
usurper’s weakness ; no notice was taken of
it, and since then, there seems t-j be a more in
timate connection with the cause of the Bour
Since our last we have received the Paris
ViOt»ore 'l'Knfurl .»» •> 11'_. l. ..
The intelligence from Italy in the above pa
pers is conclusive on tie subject ef Murat.
He lias bee>i snut up in Ancona with the re
mains of his shattered army, and his wife aud
family are on their way to Gee* a, which is
fortifying as their last asylum. This place is ve
ry strong : it was successfully defended against
the French several years ago, by the brave
prince of Hesse Phillipstal with a handful ot
men, and has doubtless been selected by Mu
rat and his friends, on account of its position,
it is admirably calculated for a colony of Cor
sair pirates. An order of the day issued from
Rome on the 16th inst. by count Nugent, the
Austrian general, states that Italy is overrun
with soldiers whevhave deserted from Murat’s
army, and taken up the profession of assas
sins ahd banditti. By another order of tht day
these unhappy men are invited to enroll them
selves su the cause oi their legitimate sover
eign, I* erdinand.1V. under the immediate or
ders oi the Eiglish Colonel Church, who has
arrived at Rome to organize them. Star.
, Ghent, May 23.
i he king of France has finished collecting
around him all the foreign ministers who
composed the diplomatic body at Paris. Baron
V mcent. minister plenipotentiary of Austria,
Bat on Waltersdorn, minister of Denmark, &
M.de Signeul, Swedish charge d’affaires, have
recently arrived and had audiences of hts
Extract from Minutes of Conferences of the
Power* who signed the Treaty of Paris.
Conference of May i2, ibis.
The Committee appointed on the 9th inst.
and charged to examine, wheth r, after the
events which have passed since the return of
N ipoleon Bonspaiti to France, and in conse
quence of the documents published at Paris
on the declaration which the powers issued
against him on the 13th March last, it would
be necessary to proceed to a new declaration,
presented at the sitting of this day the follow
ing report :
The declaration published on the 13th
March last against Napoleon Bonaparte and
his adhe-ents, by the powers who signed the
treaty of Paris, having since his return to Pu
ns, been discussed n various shapes by those
whom he has employed for that purp-.se*;
these discussions having acquired great publi
city, and a letter addressed by him to all tnc
sovereigns, as wuii as a note addressed by the
duke of Vicenza to the heads of the cabinets
of Europe, having been also published by hirn
with the manifest intention of influencing and
nimif-adini*’ nulilir r-t-.n-t' .. _ . _
pointed in the sitting of the Vth inst. was char
ged to present a report on these topics ; anti
considering that in the above-mentioned pub
lications, it has been attempted to invalidate
the declaration of the 13th of March, by lay
ing it down—
1. That the declaration, decreed against
Bonaparte, at the period of his landing on toe
coast of France, was without application now
that he had laid hoi<l of the reins of govern
ment without open resistance, and that this
fact sufficiently proving the wishes of the na
tion, he hail not oniy re-entered into posses
sion of i.is old rights in regard to France, but.
that the question even of the legitimacy of lus
government had ceased to be within the juris
dicton of the powers—
2. That by offering to ratify the treaty of
Paris, he removed every ground of war against
him :
1 he committee has been specially charged
to take into consideration—
1. Whether the position of Bonaparte in
regard to the powers of Europe has chanved
by the fact ot his arrival in Paris, and by the
circumstances that accompanied the first suc
cess of his attempt on the throne of France ?
2. Whether the offer to sanction the trea
ty of Paris, on the 31st of May, 1814, can de
termine the powers to adopt a system differ
ent from that which thev announced in the
declaration of the 13th of March ?
3. Whether it be necessary or proper to
publish a new declaration to confirm or modi
fy that of the 13th of March t
1 he committee having maturely examined
these questions, submits to the assembly oi
plenipotentiaries the following account of the
result of its deliberations :
1.1 the position of lionupartc tn regard to
fur powers of Europe altered by the prst
success of his enterprise, or by the events
which have pasted since his r.rnvul in Ear
ls ?
The powers, informed of tho landing of
Bonaparte in h ranee, could see in him ou)vN>
nua who, by advancing on the French terr.
! to*y, with fiwce and arms, and with the *>
vowed project of overturning th» established
government, by exciting th- pro nit- and the
irmy to revolt against tl>eir lawful s> "»*reigiM
.uul by usurping th-1 title ot the emperor of
the French, (I) had Incurred the >»>rv-ri?ieH
wluch all legislations pronounce agains' such
outrages—a man who, by abusing the good
faith of the sovereigns, had broken a solemn
treaty, a man, in fine, who, by recallin ' upon
f ranee, happy and tranq .il, all the sconm-s
of internal and external war, and upon Eu
rope, at a moment when the blessings of peace
must have consoled her for “her long sufferings
tl.e sad necessity of anew general armament,
was justly regarded as the implacable enemy
ot public welfare* Such was the origin, sucii
were the grounds of the declaration of the
1 'th ot March ; a declaration, of which the
Justice and necessity have been universally
acknowledged, and which general opinion has
1 he events which conducted Bonaparte lo
Paris, ami restored to him for the moment
the exercise of supreme power, have, d o t
less, in fact, altered the position in whic h e
w..s at the period of his entering France ; but
these events, brought on by criminal collusion
by military conspiracies, by revolting tic'
sons, can create no right—they are absolute.*
null in a legal point ot view ; and in order to
the position ot Bonaparte being essentially &
legitimately altered, it would be necessary
that the steps which he lias taken to establish
himself on the ruins of the government over
turned l»y him, should have been confirmed
by some legal title.
Bonaparte lays it down in his publications
that the wishes ot the French nation in favor
of his re-establishment on the throne suffice
to constitute this legal title.
The question for the powers to examine
may be stated as follows : Can the consent
real or factitious, explicit or tacit, of the
French nation to the re-establishment of Bo
naparte’s power, operate a legal change in
the position of the latter, in regard Xo foreign
powers, and form a title obligatory on these
The committee are of opinion that such
c iniiot by any means be the effect of such con
sent, and the following are their reasons ?
The powers know too well the principles
which ought to guide them in thidr ™»ln»;n...
with an independent country,to attempt (asit
is endeavored to a.cu.se them) “ to impose
np-rn it laws, to in etf. re in its internal affairs
to prescribe to it u form of government, to
give it masters according to the interests or
passions of its neighbors. (2) liut they rho
know that the liberty of a nation to change iu
system of government must have its just un
its, and that if foreign powers liavu not the
right to prescribe to it the exercise which it
shall make ot that liberty, they have at least
indubitably the right of protesting against the
abuse winch it may make of it at their ex
p use. Impressed with this principle, ta
powers do not deem themselves authorized to
impose a government on France ; but they
w 11 never renoun e the right of preventin'
the establishment n France of a focus of dis
orders and of subversions to other states, un
der the title of a government. They will res
pect the liberty of France in every way ia
w i.:h it shall not be incompatible with their
own security and the general tranquility of
In the existing case, the right of the allied
sovereigns to int'rJcre in the question of tne
i tern.-d governnuut of France is the more in
contestable, inasmuch as the aboht.on of the
power which now claims to be r -establ shtd'
there, was the fundamental condition of a"
Treaty of peace, o-i which rested all the reli
tions which, up to the return of Bonaparte to
i ans, snusisted between France and the rot
Em ope. d..y of their entrance into
I aris, tin-sovereigns declared that they would
ne\er treat of peace with Bonaparte. (3.)_a
i us declaration, loudly applauded by Frame*
& bv Europe, produced the abdication of N.J
poleon, and the convention of the 31th of A
pril; it formed the pri rcipal l asis of the ne
gotiation; it was explicitly prvm.mn ed in the
preamble o: the treaty of P^s. The Frenct
nation, wen snpp. sing it perf-c'ly free -nil ti
nned, cannot withd aw itaelf iro n thisfWU
mental condition, w thr»uf abrogating the trtt
tyot 1 11 is and all it* existing rela, ions wim th
European system. The allied owers, onth
other hand, by insisting on this ve. v Icemli
tion, only exercise a right which it ,s impo>
s-b.e to contest to them, unless it be maintain
ert that the mort sacred compacts o: n tie per
\ erted, as suits the convenience of either c
the contracting parties.
It hence follows, that tb~ will of the peonli
o. r ranee is by no means sufficient to re-esta
b isn, in a legal sense, a government proscrib
etlby s ilenm engagements, which that ver
people entered into with all the powers «
Europe; and that they c.nnot, under tnj
pretext, give validity as ag mst these pow
ers to the rivht of recall ilirr fKrvii
him whose exclusion was a condition prelim®
Qfry to r^ery pacific ariangeiK.nt wir®
r ranee , the wish of the French people cvr®
A it were fully ascertained, would not he lh®
less null and of no effect in regard to Europ®
t 'wards re-establishing a power, again®
whi h all Europe has been in a state of peil
man nt protest from the 3lst of March, 161h1
up to the 13th of Maich, J813 ; and in ibffl
view tncp sit'O’i of Bonaparte is precisely > *
tins day ivhat it was at the last mention? !
Should the offer to sanction the^rcaryi
/ an* change'the di*flost ion of the outer>
France has had no reason to comp-aiu •
the treaty of Paris. This treaty reconcile
France with Europe ; it satisfied all her tr*
interests, secured all her real advantages,
the elements of prosperity & glory, which
people called <o one of the first pi .ces inti
European s>stem could reasonably de> n<l
only took from her, that which was to her,®
ner the deceitful exterior of gr^at hatior«aim
cut, an inexhaustible source of sufferings, ■
rum, and of misery. 'l’ni* treaty wsift e-B
articlc 9f the convrntltM
tnc 11 tfi of Afirilf is usJbUonus—*" Th -
yror Aufioleon renounce*, for himself I
successors, and descendants, ns well As H
alt the member* of hi* family, all riehtt^k
sovereignty and of (tower, not only cvcT^m
rTench cm/,ire and kingdom of Italy. M
also over every other country ” Acidif
s'finding tin*formal renunciation, //own/®
m hjs cliffi rent firoclamation*from the 5®?
fttan. from Gnfi, Grenoble, and A/®
entitled himself " by the Grace of Got!, <1
the ronsti h< ion* of the em/ure. 'F.tTVitr*\%
toe trench, ftt.” five Monitcur of Alarckk
l»l j. '
(2.) It i* thus that ftona/iarte'* cornet ■
state e r/ires* themselves in ttnir re/tori on 1
tntt nr ion* of the /Josvcr». See Monilt nt 1
the 2 Zth of A fir it.
\ (X) Occicirution of tne 31*< of Ah 1 '
i J o 14 J A

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