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The daily dispatch. [volume] (Richmond [Va.]) 1850-1884, October 22, 1852, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024738/1852-10-22/ed-1/seq-2/

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jy TO A»VKKTlHKK#.~Thecircttlation
or the DisrATCH i* thru* times at targe at that
o' tny other Daily paper in the City of Richmond.
11 it therefore jrrettly superior to any other at a
a -dir.tr. of advertiting.
Friday Morning, October 'i'i. IMi.
LT The person who lias in possession the
fith volume of Shukspeare's works, belo:.ging
lo this office, wili please return it.
Tlir Weekly IlUpnteh
• For Friday, October ~2, is now ready and for
f ale at this office. We annex a summary of
its contents:
Editorial—Mexico: Sixteenth of October;
Southern Literary Messenger ; The Biueridge
Tunnel; Parisian Correspondence; Eighteenth
cf October ; Topics of the Day : Louis Napo
leon ; Lieutenant Porter and the Authorities of
Cuba; Nineteenfh of October; Twentieth of
October; Masonic Pilgrimage; Small Notes;
Direct Trade ; The Crescent City ; Elopement
in High Life; smaller articles.
Miscellaneous —Report of a Sermon ; Court
Proceedings ; Trials ; Domestic Correspond
ence ; The Husking Frolic ; A Miser's Lega
cy ; Poetry: Foreign and Domestic News;
Latest Intelligence; Items,&c. Price 3 cents
per single copy—sl per annum in advance.
The New York papers represent the city as
having been in a date ofgreat excitement on the
arrival cf Capt Porter at that port. That gen
tleman, and Mr. Smith, are represented as be
ing perfect " lions" at this time in the great
emporium. It was said that a great indigna
ton meeting was to have taken place on Wed
nesday night; but as yet (the morning of
Thursday,) we have received no account of its
assemblage. An immense crowd congregated
oa Tuesday night at the dock, foot of Warren
S'reet, end shouted all the way as they wen l
for''Cuba," "Porter" and "Smith." The
Express, immediately on the arrival of the Cre
•cent City, issued an extra containing the
news, and that paper Says the avidity to get
.bold of it exceeded any thing that had been
seen since the days of the Mexican war. Ru
mors of every kind were in circulation, among
otners, one to the effect that the Crescent City
La.j been driven away from Havana, the Ame
rican flag insulted, and Purser Smith sent in
cuaina to the dungeons of the Moro. The
Crescent City was still lying off in the stream,
waiting lor an opportunity to come to her
In another column we publish the protest of
Captain Porter. It is a plain, manly, sensible
document, manifesting a far clearer idea of
our rights under the treaty with Spain, than we
have found in any of the paragraphs, sustain
ed bv the authority of writers on international
law, which have figured so conspicuously of
late in the columns of certain contemporaries.
It the Spanish authorities have not set at de
■riance the 9th article of the treaty between
iheir country and the United States, then we
•ee not how it is possible to violate a treaty
uiider any circumstances, or by any overt act
whatever. Nor can the strong light in which
Capt. Porter places the attempt to punish an
American citizen for acts done in his owncoiin
trv,be obscured by all tho logic which person?,
far more skilful in the war o(dialectics, can bring
to their aid. The course of the Spanish go
vernment has, throughout, been entirely vin
international law, with which we have al
ready acknowledged a scant ncquaintance )
must be a very curious affair. At least.it is
altogether different from what we have ever
been led to suppose it. We had thought, for
instance, that Consuls were representatives of
their country, and that any countryman of theirs
had a right to.have access to them. Captain
General Canedo, however, thinks differently,
and we have no doubt that there will be found
persons enough in this country to prove by
Vattel, Wheaton, Grotius and Puffendorff, that
lie is the most profound international jurist on
the face of the earth. Really it would be of
prem advantage to every nation that trades
to Cuba, and more especially to this nation,
could His Excellency be induced to compile a
code of Natural and International Law. We
should then have something fixed—something
tangible—something on which we could rely,
tnd would not be placed iu the situation of
persons liable at any moment to violate the
law from ignorance of its existence.
The conduct of the authorities at Havana
presents a strange medley of inconsistencies.—
At one niomsnt they forbid a citizen of the
United States to see his consul, and at the next,
they evidently seek an opening for a reconcilia
tion. They undoubtedly see that they have
gone too far, and they would fain make up mat
ters if they could. Capt. Porter very properly
refused to allow Mr. Smith to write a denial
of the charges made against him by Peter
Hicks, for the very sufficient reason that he
had, himself, twice denied them. Even if the
monstrous doctrine lately broached, (hat Spain
has a right to consider Mr. Smith guilty until
fie shall have proved his innocence, be correct,
it is wholly inapplicable in this case. His in
nocence l,ud been declared on the word of hon
or of an American officer, and that should
nave been sufficient even in a case where the
accused was required to prove a negative.
rarhups some of those prints which place so
much confidence in Canedo's knowledge o<
the Law of Nature and Nations, can tell us
whMhet >t has ever been the custom heretofore
lo [ rohtbit a Consul from boarding a ship be
rSh°h lßUa,loniWhlle A\£ Per.
j " ,' Ch he f credited. I, ,„ uv be 8Q
do no pretend to 88 y that it i. not. f ur re !
peat for the third time, , hat we know
this law, and are undeceived a. m rne w roD e
impression taken ud by us, namely. ,h« „
were founded on common sense. We are
therefore, totally at a loss what to think, and
honestly ask for information. If Canedo's in
terpretation be the just one, ic should be
made known to the Congress of the United
Stales, in order that the whole machinery of
th« Consular system may be abolished at once.
Jt is very costly, and if it be of no service,
this government, one of whose cardinal princi
ples is aii abhorrence of sinecure*, ought lo
sliufile i i od'.
Bequest* for Charitable Purposes.
The Philadelphia Bulletin speaka of the Vir
ginia laws upon ihia subject, and the deci
cions under tbem, in terms of strong approba
tion. Our court*, we believe, have been atricter
in this respect than any other, and, with the
bulletin, we think very properly. The evila
that, in the course of time, may arise from an
unlimited indulgence to testators in this parti
cular, are palpable, manifold, and hove left
| their traces upon the history of almost every
country in Europe. At the commencement of
the French revolution, one-third of the entire
landed property of the nation was held by the
clergy, another third by the nobility, and as
these two classes were exempt from taxation
the government was supported by money coin
ing from the wretched peasantry, who were
the proprietors cf the other third. Is it won
deiful that humanity could endure the burthen
no longer, or rather, is it not wonderful that it
could submit so long? All the land in the pos
session of the clergy was held nominally, for
charitable uses ; really for the benefit of the
incumbents, precious little of the proceeds
having ever been bestowed on objects of chari
At the time of the reformation in England,
an immense proportion of the property of the
country was held by the Monasteries, to which
institutions it had been bequeathed for " pious
purposes," that is for purposes of charity.—
Henry VIII bestowed the lands of the sup
pressed Monasteries on his nobles, and they
form, to this day, a great proportion of the
wealth of the British aristocracy. They have
thus been entirely diverted from their original
intention, for the present owners, and those
who have gone before them, think precious
littie about the wants of the poor.
The Bulletin adverts to the (act, that mil
lions of pounds are at interest in England, the
proceeds of property devised for charitable
purposes, which ought to be thus applied, or to
revert to the heirs of the testator, but which
are retained by the trustees of the different
charities, for their own use. There was no
occasion to cross the ocean for examples. We
he.ve them in this country, as thick as black
berries. Who ever heard of a charity fund
that was administered according to the design
of the testator ?
In all cases we should think it w ere far bet
ter for the good of h sow n soul, as well as for
that of society, that a testator should leave his
property to his ow 11 kindled, if they be worthy,
or if thev be not, to some honest fellow who
will make a good use of it. Heaven cannot
be bribed by a death-bed devise, nor, let the
object be a3 meritorious as it may,can a knav
ish set of trustees be pievented from wasting
or appropriating the funds.
From the very peculiar relations which the
editor of this paper holds with one of the mem
bers of this concern, he has been heretofore in
duced to keep silent with regard to its affairs.
He feels that it would be doing the public gross
injustice to maintain that silence any longer.
Without the knowledge, therefore, of Mr. Co
wardin, who is a partner of Mr. C. W. Purcell,
and feeling assured that he would positively
object to this article were he conscious that it
was to appear, the editor of this paper, on his
own responsibil ty, makes the following state
ment, which he knows to be true. He feels the
utmost confidence that he will be believed by
his fellow-citizens, most of whom have known
him from his boyhood. He will furthsr statr,
that he is, and has always been in favor of an
issue cf small notes by the State banks, at least
during the present scarcity of silver coin. lie
cannot, therefore, be suspected of speaking
from interested motives.
The facts of the case, thsn.are briefly these.'
The Legislature having refused, lepeatedly, to
sanction the issue of small notes, and silver
coin being scarcer than it had ever been known
to be before, as a necessary cousequencea del
uge of shinplasters poured in from all the sur
rounding States, and from the District of Co
lumbia. These notes were taken as change,
for they were, in point of fact, the only change
thatcouldbe had. Nobody knew whetherthey
were good or bad —whether the banks that is
sued them were worth millions of dollars, or
not the millionth part of a cent. The commu
nity was, therefore, in constant danger, the
more so from the fact that there were houses
here which bought up these foreign shinplas
ters at a discount, and distributed them at par.
thus giving a vast impetus to their circulation.
In this condition of affairs, Charles W. Pur
cell, partly from public spirit, and partly from
a regard no doubt to his own interest, deter
mined to give the people of Richmond a cur
rency on which they could all rely. He was,
of all other men in the city, the one best calcu
lated for such a business. He was a man of
business habits, and an uncommon acquain
tance with business—his credit was high with
every business or monied .man in the city
—he had been before the public, in one shape
or another, from his boyhood—he was known
by nearly every man in the corporation—and
hia honor, as well as honesty, was alike un
impeached and unimpeachable. But beyond
this he owned a large amount of real property,
upon which he owed not a dollar, and he nev
er proposed to exceed its well-ascertained va
lue iu his banking operations. He was coun
tenanced, and sustained, finally, in his project
ed enterprise, by men whose united wealth ex
ceeds one million of dollars. It does seem to
me (for I will speak in the first person) very
hard that such a man as this should be set
down among the common herd of those who
have been issuing shinplasters upon no capital
whatever, with the intention to break as soon
as they had gotten their hands full, and leave
their creditors the bag to hold.
Some malicious scoundrel, last Wednesday,
circulated a report that the Manufacturer*'
Bank was broken! A correspondent of the
Baltimore Sun, writing from Washington, on
'he same day, said that one ol bin uoteß had
been offered to the Potomac Savings Bank for
redemption, but had been rejected, because all
the fund# which he had deposited there had
been exhausted. This by no means implies
any summon of the solvency of his bank, but
it was eagerly seized on, and the newsboys
hawked the Sun through the street, proclaim
ing that it announced the failure of the Manu
facturers' Bank. Those who gave then, their
cue, i'jrgot to add that these very notes were
redeemed at sight by Seldea & Witherf. The
Oonsequence of all this was a continual run
during the whole day yesterday, upon Mr. Pur»
cell. He had not the slightest objection to it,
for he was and is prepared to take up his notes
as fast as they come in—nay, he would do so
were they trebly as numerous as they really
are. It does not hurt him, but it doet do great
injury to the public, which is put to great in
convenience by a panic which causes them to
throw overboard a currency as good as was
ever offered by any State bank—a currency
convertible at any moment either into gold or
silver, or into Virginia bank notes.
When Mr. Purcell became aware of the state
of things, he immediately addressed a card to
the public, in which he advised all holders of his
notes to take not 1 cent less than parfor them;
because they would be redeemed on presenta
tion at his counter, lie is, to our certain know
ledge, prepared to stand a storm far greater
than this. He has deposited funds already at
various points where his notes circulate most
largely, to redeem them when presented- The
man who takes one cent less for them than their
face calls for, is a dupe and a blockhead.
P. S. We learn that Mr. Purcell burns his
notes as soon as he receives them. The peo
ple will see the pass to which their foliy has
brought them. This was a circulation equal
to silver or gold. They have managed to diive
it out, for premiums were offered yesterday eve
ning for small notes of the Manufacturers'
Bunk, and none could be had at any price.—
What will the miserable blockheads who have
produced this panic do for small change?
Board Wages.—ln ihe article under this
heading in vestetday's paper, we stated that
'' we observe that the manufacturers of tobac
co have sent in a petition for the repeal of an
ordinance requiring them to board the negroes
employed in their factories." This statement
involves an unintentional error. The ordi"
nance has been reported to the City Council,
but has not yet become a law. It will pro"
bably be acted upon at the meeting of the
Conncil on Monday next, and we trust affir
matively. The petition will be against the pas
sage of the ordinance.
Prkparationb kor Receiving the News.
—A few days ago, the editors of the New York
papers published a notice to the inspectors of
election?, earnestly requesting them, in the
coming elections, to cauvassthe electoral tick
et first, iu order that the Press of the U. States
may satisfy the anxiety of the public in a few
hours after the polls are closed. The editors
likewise issue a circular, signed by the tele
graph news agent, requesting telegraphic ope
rators, newspaper agents, and correspondents,
to observe the following rules :
1st —To send the actual majority in each
county, on the Presidential ticket, as soon as
obtained, stating clearly the name of the candi
date ha»ing the majority.
id —To send the probable majority in each
county, basrd on the returns Irom one quarter,
one-half, or three-fourths; ol the towns of said
county, when the full vote cannot be obtained
—stating the number of towns 011 which trie es
timated majority is based.
3d—To mention the name of the State to
which the county belongs.
4th—To avoid sending the returns from sin
gle town?, except those of a large city—as large
for instance as Pittsburg, Troy, and above
those in population.
sth—To avoidrumors of all sorts, and take
returns from reliable individuals only.
6th—To avoid reporting losses and gains, as
they only tend to encumber the telegraph wires
and cause confusion in the returns.
Kossuth and the Revolutionary League.
—A letter from Kossuth, addressed to the Con
gress ci' the American Revolutionary Fund for
Europe, appears in the newspapers, in which
he gives encouraging accounts of :he progress
of liie liberal cause in Europe. He says the
Hungarians are prepared to rise en masse on
the first summons ; in German}, the idea of a
Republic is daily gaining ground, and the ne
cessity for united action is now clearly estab
lished. He urges the necessity of increasing
the means of carrying on the revolution when
it is once begun. The moment the fight com
mences, he says, " the Hungarian scrip which
is in circulation will receive a market valu?, so
that it w ill be possible for those who may find
it convenient to wait the issue of the war to re
alize the value ot their stock." Three German
patriots, he conceives, should be chosen to ma
nage the fund. The general agency of the Hun
garian loan was entrusted by Kossuth, before
be left this country, to the German Committee
in Philadelphia. The instructions he left
be says, that it was not his intention to apply
the avails of that loan exclusively to his own
country ; but he is disposed to place a portion
of it to the emancipation of Germany.—Phil
adelphia Ledger.
Longevity.—Billy, the property of the late
Mrs. Saiah Ingram,died on Friday nigluin this
city, at the age of one hundred and seventeen
years. He was a native of Hanover county,
Virginia, born in the service of Peter Garland,
Esq., w as at Norfolk w hen it was burnt in 1770
ana was pressed into his Majesty's service by
Governor Dunmore. Was at the battle of Great
Bridge, and remembered ail about the siege of
Y'orktown. Billy was strong, bale and hearty
even to the day ol his death. He was employ
ed as a drayman until he was 75 years old, and
at the age of 68 could roll a hogshead of sugar
weighing 1500 pounds on his dray without as
sistance. He was always good humored, well
disposed and scrupulously honest. It is a re
markable coincidence, that for the last sixty
years he lived in a family, three of the inmates
of which have died within the last two years,
two at the ages of 92 and 94, and one at the
age of 76.—Norfolk Herald.
Thomas Butler King, Collector of the Cus
toms at Snu Francisco, has resigned that
office, and Beverly C. Sanders been appointed
in his place. The cause of the change is said
to be that a difference of opinion had arisen be
tweenMr. King and the Government relative
to the amount of duties which ought legally to
he imposed on imported goods arriving at San
Francisco and tiiat his decisions as Collector
ot the Fort had given offence to the French
and British importers, but particularly the for
mer, and did not meet the approbation of our
own Government.
Prepared Obituaries—lt is stated, as
characteristic of the careful provision and
good management of the London Times, that
in long memoir of the Duke of Wellington, on
the morning after his decease, iiad been pre
pared six years previously, to be in readiness
whenever (hat event occurred. It is under
stood to be written by Mr. Dodd, the well
known compiler of ft parliamentary annual,
who undertakes the "obituary" department of
the Times. In the "pigeon holes" of the
Times office, there are said to be memoirs of
all the leading personages of the day, whose
advanced age renders their demise probable.
Conundrum.—Why is the city of Cincinna*
ti like the city of Athens? \V» give ouryoung
readers a week to tell.
Bi'Hop Roane.—A son of Bishop Doane
states that his father's illness is not so serious
as had been represented. He suffers from a
nervous prostration, brought on by excessive
excitement, bu', having obtained S'jme rest, ia
already much better.
Thb ExacrTiON—To-day U the time appointed
for the execution of the slaves John WillUmt and
Lucy Randolph—tbe fir»t for aiding ai.d abetting in
the murder of the Winston family, the latter for tne
murder cf her infant child
John will be executed at gome hour after 10
o'clock, at the «ame place fcii wtfe Jane recently
suffered the penalty of denth on the gai!ow« for her
participation in the same barbarous deed* fur which
John's life is to pay the penalty, a abort distance
southeast of the Poor House, near the Powder Ma
gazine. Although tbe duty oi telling the whole
truth in reference to the crime, for which he is to
suffer death, has been urged upon him, trom time
to time, since his conviction end confinement injail,
awaiting the dread sentence of the law, yet he has
uniformly insisted ti.at he b&s told the truth, and
knows nothing abcut the circumstances and actual
commission of the murdors. He attributes his pre
sent awlul situation to the crimes of his wife, whom
he characterises as having been "a tad woman."
What has been or will be the response of the
Governor to the petition of the Court who tried
Lucy Randolph, and the appeal of others in her
behalf, still remains a mystery, so far as we can
learn, and we have made diligent enquiry upon the
subject. To-day, of course, the question must be
decided in some form or other. Many incline to
the opinion that a respite of a few weeks will be
granted, before he shall give his final judgmenton
the delicate question of hie and death.
P. S.—Since the above was in type, we learn that
the Governor bas granted a respite to Lucy until
Friday, the 12th ot November.
Respited.—Governor Johnson, yesterday, res
pited Lucy, convicted of infanticide and sentenced
to be hung to day, from the execution cf said sen
tence, until the 12th day of November. At neon
Mr. Fergusson, Sergeant of the city, received the
following communication from the Governor:
Whereas, Lucy, a slave, the property of Judith
Fore, was convicted ot infanticide and sentenced by
the court cf Hustings, for the city of Richmond, to
be hung on Friday, the 22d inst: Nuw, therefore,
1, Joseph Johnson, Governor of the State of Vir*
ginia, have thought prop -r, for reasons good to me,
to respite the said slave Lucy from the execution
of the said sentence, until the lith day of Novem
ber next. Given under my hand, as Governor,
and under tne lesser seal of tbe Commonwealth at
Richmond, this 2ist day of October, in the year
1b52. Signed, JOSEPH JOHNSON.
We were much gratified at learning this decision
of the Governor, ana we believe that such is the
feeling ofthe community generally. The peculiar
circumstances attendant upon the commission of
the deed by Lucy—her previous good character
and extreme youth, the mental and physical ex
citement under which she was laboring the even
iug of the child's birth, produced by the stimulants
she had taken, and the pains of nature, and the de
sire to hide her shauie, all combined, present an
unanswerable cbjection.to an extreme punishment.
We are confident that our citizens generally, are in
favor of a commutation of Lucy's punishment Irom
death by banging; and we earnestly hope that the
Governor, in the exercise of a sound discretion,
wi'l revoke entirely the.sentence of death, and com
mute it to one more mild, just and appropriate.
Hustings Court.—Before Recorder Pulliam
aud Justices Bray,Caskie, Wingfield andlnloes.
In the case el Albert Anderson, a free negro, ap
pealing from the decision of the Mayor, ordering
him twenty lashes for misdemeanor, the Court re
versed the judgment of the Mayor, and ordered An
derson thiny-iune lashes. It will be seen by this,
that to carry up the decisions of the Mayor to a
higher court, involves the payment of increased
damagi s. Anderson's security was directed to
pay the costs of the appeal.
Charles Walner, the poor, half-starved, homeless
pedlar boy, who, some weeks since, undertook to
sell some of Mrs. White's goods without her con
sent, in order to make money sufficient to get him
bread, and carry him to his mother in New York,
was yesten: ay arraigned cn the charge ox stealing
the aforesaid goods. The court, after hearing the
evidence, oirecied a nolle prosequi be entered ia the
case by the Attorney for tii : Commonwealth, with
the advice of the Court, and discharged the prison
er. The members of the bar then very generous
ly subscribed money sufficient to send the boy home
to his mother in New York, and he went oa his way
rejoicing—doubtless thinking that lawyers were
not such close-fisted, hard hearted beings &3 they
were reported to be.
An apptal, made by Alexander Jackson from the
decision of the Mayor's Court, wiil be tried to day
Circuit Court of Richmond Citv —Before
Judge Meredith.—The presentments against Messrs
Pureed, Tinsley and Wooddy, for circulating small
notes in the city contrary to law—were, yesterday,
laid over for action until the next (spring) term ot
this court.
The jury in the case of Sebastian Kawpert, found
the prisoner guilty, yesterday afternoon, and as
sessed his punishment to be, coLtiaement in the
city jail for twelve months, and to pay a fine of 810.
Stealing a Cane.—Three lads, from 12 to 15
years of age, named William T. Chappall, William
Fordham and Robert Hope, were arrested by offi
cers Tyler and I'earce, Wednesday afternoon, on
complaint ot Mr. John T. Sizer, who stated that
one of them, Chappeil, suatched a walking cane
from his son, and the two made off with it. These
boys have all been up at court before for stealing,
and have beeu prowling about the city for some
time past, laying violent hands upon everything ac
cessible to their roguish fingers. Fordham, it will
be recollected, was connected with young Kennedy
in the robbery of a box of surgical instruments
from Dr. Steele, of Petersburg, in August last.
Thmr youth led to their discharge, and since then,
Fordham has been at the head of a gang of yourg
thieves, regularly operating in this city. The three
were severally committed tojail for twelve months
in default of §300 security.
The Theatbe.—The chaiacter of Haversac,
(the Old Guard,) in the piece entitled "Napoleon's
Old Guard," wag well sustained by Mr. Ward, cn
Wednesday night; and Melanie, the other princi
pal character, was not less creditably performed
by Mrs. Ward. Miss Kate Reignolds, as Lady
Beauville, looked as fascinating as ever. In the
amusing comedy o! " Delicate Ground," Mr. Mar
chant personated admirably the character of Sang
froid, and we admired Miss Raymond, as Pauline,
in every thing except her voice, which we have no
doubt is a natural fault, it fault it be, for it may be
agreeable to others and not to us. Mr W. B. Chip
peudale, who we discovered is not either of the
gentlemen of the same name known to our play
goiug community, gave entire satisfaction In the
character of Alphonso- The closing piece, entitled
" Theresa's Vow, or the Maid of Croissey," in
which the characters are too numerous lor us to
designate, went oli with many evidences ol appro
bation on the part of the large audience.
Debanoed —A roan named David Wail was ta
ken up by the watch Wednesday evening, while
ruuaing trom " the raaa with the poker." He was
yesteraay committed to jail until Saturday, when
the •' horrors" which have resulted from excastive
drinking, will doubtless have pawed away.
Dmchaboed.—George Johnson, a free negro,
was arrested Weui»e*d*y evening in possession of
a counterpane, which It was supposed he hsd
stolen. Proving it to be bit property, yeeterday he
was ditcasrged.
Makinu Bricks.—The builders of houses,
during the present year of rapid improvement
in otir city, have experienced some difficulty in
obtaining a ready supply of brick. This was
perhaps to some extent in consequence of the
rainy summer ; but it must be a matter of re
gret to all friends of the prosperity of the city,
that any cause should exist to retard its growth.
If an account of a recent discovery of a new
method of manufacturing bricks, by Messrs.
Mower Jc. Woodworth, of Boston, be correct,
we have arrived at a point of time when coin*
plaints will no longer be heard in reference to
a scarcity of those indispensable agents in buil
ding. Messrs. M. & YV. have invented a ma
chine, differing from any other now in use
which turns out ready for the kiln upwards of
2,500 bricks in an hour. The bricks are moul
ded out of dry clay, the tedious and laborious
process of softening the clay with wster, in the
ordinary way, being altogether dispensed with.
The dry clay, upon entering the machine, first
encounters some large iron rollers, revolving
very rapidly, and when thus reduced to pow
der, passes through sieves, and subsequently
to the moulds, on which a hammer or ram de
scends weighing about 4,000 pounds. The me
chanical force which is brought to benr upon
each brick is estimated at one hundred tons. —
The whole weight of the machine, including the
pulverizer and screens, is said to exceed 20 tons.
The machines are constructed by Lyman Kins
ley, at Canton, in Massachusetts, and cost $3,-
200. The bricks made by these machines are
supposed to be better than those made in the
ordinary way, and the best quality face brick*
can be made cheaper than the rough inside
brick upon the old method. When burnt they
are found to have shrunk less than those made
in the ordinary way, on account of
their greater density ; and for the same reason
they retain their smoothness of surface and ac
curacy of form. On breaking one, its compact
ness and soundness is immediately obvious.—
As they thus can absorb but little moisture,
they are capable of standing the frost of the se
verest climate without injury. An experiment
in a crushing machine certified by Samuel
Strong, the general superintendent of the Uni
ted States Capitol at Washington, showed the
strength of the bricks to be sixteen thousand
six hundred pounds to the square inch. At the
same time it was found, that, by the absorption
of one of the bricks and the atmospheric vapo
ration together, during fourteen hours there
was consumed less than half a gill out of a
gallon of water.
This is a matter worthy the notice of some
of our enterprising brick manufacturers, who
we hope will give it due attention.
A Wright Good PaESE.vT.—Yesterday, at a
very seasonable h iur, a boy entered our sanctum,
bearing a waiter measuring about a yard in length
and but little less in width, heavily ladened with
delicious pies, choice cakes, rich puffs, bonbons,
<£:c. <fcc., all piled up in a stv]<» of inviting pxcel
lence, such as may be observed occasionally on the
way to grace the tables and administer to the deli
cate appetites of a fashionable wedding oarty. This
cargo of good things, however, was 02 a different
voyage. It came to the Dispatch offiee ; and was a
compliment far which we are indebted to our kind,
liberal and whole-souled Scotch iri?nd, Mr. John
Wright, whose excellent bread, pastry, and general
baking establishment is so popular in our city —
"Give us our daily bread," is a divine injunction, as
rigidly observed by Mr. W.as by any of the minis
ters of the Gospel feast.
New Establishment.—Mr. W. J. Bartholomew,
a ekiiful and industrious watchmaker, has just
opeued a store for the repair and talc of clocks,
watches, musical instruments, ice., directly opposite
our office, on Governor street. Mr. B. is an artist
iu bis peculiar line of business, and merits a liberal
Charge of Stealing.—Elizabeth Ring was
brought before the Mayor yesterday on the charge
of stealing $11 in gold frjm the pocket book of a
man named Dennis O'Concer, while he was lying
in bed, Wednesday las', iha examination was
postponed until to-day, owing to the absence of the
The Mayor.—General Lambert ha 3 returned to
the city after a brief sojeurn at Rockbridge Alum
Springs for his health, and resumed his accustomed
duties yesterday. His health has been somewhat
improved by ihj trip, nevertheless it is still very
feeble, and it is evideut that his system is very much
Drunk—William Booker v. as found drunk and
asleep in the lower market house Wednesday even
ing and taken up stairs. Yesterday ha was dis
charged with an admonition.
Fined.—Ritchie &. Daanavant were yesterday
fined 50 cents ai d costs for authoriz ng an obstruc
tion of coal to be placed in the street in front of
their office.
J. Turnbridge was fined in like manner for a
similar offence.
Andrew Mulier was fined SI and costs for plac
ing an awning over a portion of the sidewalk on
Frauklin street, the same being supported wholly
or in part by posts in the sidewalk, contrary to
Circuit Court ok Henrico County.—This
court will meet on Monday next. Judge Clopton
The notes of this Back are received as heretofore
at our counter, at par. We caution the public
apaiust pajiug the shsdow of discount on them, es
we will pay ail sums under live dollars, in goic, at
par We have done this wheu the demand was
not made with any ey o to speculation, and will con
tinue to do so until the entire circulation is witn
Persons in the country holding' the notes of the
Southern Manufacturer#' Bank, will receive gold
or Virginia money for tha same, by sending them
to any of their friend* in this city.
We, at present, decline paying out any of the
small notes of this Bank, bi't it will alfjrd us pleas
ure to use every other tacility in our power to meet
the wants of the merchants a'id manufacturers, and
Others who have So sustained the cred
it ot tms B ink against the few malicious and de
signing persons who hive so ineffectually attempt
ed to discourage the noiders of the notes, in order
that they might be beneattod thereby.
uc ~2—ts C. W. PUKCELI. Sc CO
meeting of the W bigs of Kichraond will
be held at the African Church, on FRIDAY NIGHT,
October 22nd, lor the purpose of oommatinu a can
didate lor the Senate, iu tne place ot 11. T. Daniel,
Esq., who has withdiawn
uc *2—lt* By_ordtr Executirc Commi'tee.
• Small Notes tukeuTur lOUcts.
I will take for Dry Goods, all uot. s, ex
cept Bank o: the Union, at par.
oc 22—It 15 and 5'J Main street.
ty NOTICE.— lln valuable Factory Lot
situated on the corner of F and 25th streets, adver
tised to be sold ou Tuesday, 2tith October, havug
been told privttely, contequemiy, the tale as ads er
llsedwi.l not take place.
oca< JAMES M. TAYLfcH. Awct
I3jf" &eli«tou» N<»ii(se.—Toe Ktv. Dr.
JuNi.S will preach at Christ. Church on eutday
at ball pa«l 3 o cm;*. cv 22— ir
in §upjwhig?h»t M 'EDVVn? ROBIMon'
The truth to, that Mr "Edwi'n jESSJ
nothing but a Whig; and at «n „,*? . «
bi« Whiggery. be voted for John Minor B,*Sw
Congress Are you satisfied w ; 'h fV»« , * f (J T
If •«, rote for him in the meeting 0 f t o .n,g|*. n4 !i 0n ?
him nominated for the Senate, sod th u «
himthelflaence of that portion of taVp»r^ Ure t0
° a!? 2-" MlUnif
, "•llmfital Order, o cl- ..,.
IS3*.-Order No. 3.-i»V.,hI '♦
f ® VVi!U to btal a regular built Loo, r,!°
for the vacant Seat in the Senate, the YVhii>« » °
hereby re.pectluliy requested to attend autb*V''?
can Church TbU Evening, at halt %«« 7 wi£
»rm« and accoutrement* in good order to vr!t7
that distinguished Wbi„, EDWIN ROBLvJoST
Esq. Byord«*rof "no Executive Committee"! r
•other order ' but by the uood ser.se and
ot trie people generally, who an iitJ.T®,
o/iL ". 1 ' lOa '' ter, 8 " d bj that Uie! " S •TV' I
oc ---' t "MILITIA A
BpLUP, -no.NCLKt^T^
r-, h f a:ten v". n . ° f to ta« f »
tictisal? < t Molasses, Whiskey, fcc to ink** r,*''
This Morning, at the Warenome on the bVk
corner ot Cary Had siOih streets. , X> >
The Note* of the I nited State.
Itnuk will be redeemed a: >h» , «
Me«rs Sot, * Bevill, next door to'^E^g,
WM .N-.m-atpy
.IT"Notes ol lij'* e-outnern Mnr.l* ~
turer's s ßauk are redeemed at par a
counter. ' a ' tur
They are a'.so redeemed at tHe office. «■,»
selden, \V 1 there & Cu, arid Chuub !irotht-j wT
mgton City. Thev are also redetia-.d at' Njr ■*'
Petersburg arid Lynchbuig, at par. '
oc 20 C.W. t'CRCKLL ic CO
A. HiRRINtJTON, 164 Maiu, corner of 10th str»»>'
sign ot the Scotch Soldier, is in receipt of a fir« >
of importc d Cigars; also, a large stack ot dome'-
Cigars, which he offers to the trade on reasons' *
terms ; a.' £ o, a fresh supply of (Jocdwin's Fine Cut
Chewing and Smoking Tobacco, of tine qua ! itv «,r
sale wholesale and retail in lots to suit uurcti-»..V
at prices to compete with the Northern mork- u ''
Tooacconist, No, 164 Main, comer luth itreV
j , fc XPKtSS arrives aid
leaves daily, by Mail Trams, „
charge of trusty Agents. Tn;s mode of rece.v.n*
or torwarding goods of whatever description c t.-
bines economy, and what is u! greater imt)or'tanc»
Sp*ed. Oir wa,7on will call for good* to go awar'
and deliver everything without extra char-'
OfHce No. u, Fourteenth Street,
g " Xear t::' a Post Oflu
Home Testimony, — Keaar trom
"i 'he oldest Mututrates of this
—let the sick, the delicate, the decliuiog, t*:k 'to
those we re'erjto, and then try tais grand re-t -a
Baltimore, Sept 1!, 1651.
Messrs Mortimer & Mowbray: I ieel it a at.-'to
make known the benefits I have derived frotti Dr
Hampton s Tincture. For a len-ta of time 1 have
been subject to greit prostration" of muscular j. yn
er. aud great debility oi me nervous system, ao
companied with palpitation and Mattering of tie
heart. I had such sudden attu.sa that onT.ue occa
sion I could scarcely get home 1 making meat.aa
' : tny case to a friend", f<e referred tneto j .-coi K.
etap.eton, Esq, an old and high y respectable citi
zen of Baltimore, who had u=.'J the Tincture
similar circumstances I called on Mr staple jn,
and. alter aa interview of some minutes, I was ;..uy
satisfied ol the medical! virtues of the Tiuct_r ,
trom the evidence before me, ol his own porson,
wao, lor some tune previous, indicated a laion"
state of health, but now a hearty, hai* ap; ear
ance, with tae activity ol youth. 1 immediat-.y
commenced usidg the Tincture, and before 1 u a
the contents ol one bottle, my strength whs ri.. *•-
ed, and I can walk aa brisk aod am as active as I
w,is twenty years ago. This Ticctur ■ is the grand
restorative oi the dilative organs, wbicb, when
destroyed, the whole system is lu a state of s-': .:-
1 do assort it is, in reality, what it is represfil'' 1
to be by Dr Hampton, the inventor.
Now in city of Washington.
See cases Cough, Kh Dyspepsia, Jc —
SoM only by O. A. dTKECKKH —pamphlets eiMtis.
" WASaiJiUTO.\ AM) JA( iv-
SON.'—T. ri. Welch's niagniiiceiit \i..r
trait= ol •' Washington'' ane "Jacusou" no yro
cured oi the Ageut tor this stale at Mdfidjs. Nasn
Wooduouse's, oti Square. Kmbra:tie '-'-J
opp-irtunity that may «-ver presentitseif, and se j.."
copies of ttia only carrot portraits of t;i»s : illustri
ous characters ever engraved. <>c
V, »/ (iliUKKji No. 5. — LN
CAMt'AIKN'f. No. 2, rC. T. itc—Aasetniiie
jNx at the Mas jiis Htll oa Saturday iiveii-
S \i««K> tho 2drd Instant, at 7u'cioci.
» By order of M. E. G. C ramanaer
T. C. BPjrtjEK, C. (x.
Attest—E. iiUBToN, Jr., Recorder. oc .-i--.it
*rjfv —.T"T"iB t»TICAYi£I>, irorn tue Hie uC
tise.r, in KichuuLd, a out the 4:h <:
w ¥1 tobcr. aiuetiiu u mz- CO W. em- is a
*"'"™®®''uiaekpied Cow, with a white stiet.it
down her hick, She inu small head and l ,:o«.
She is marked with a crop and slit in the rigin ear,
aud a slit in the leit ear. A iibomi reward will be
paid for her delivery at this office no 22—3.*
l-VUIKV (aiTiill BOOT." at
jl 3). —The subscriber has just received
a lot of beautiful Gaiter Boots lor Ladies, aud re
quests the ladies to give him a call. Alio, ladies'
Over Stioes.of the foliowiug styl s: B -ots, Bu->»iti»,
Sandals, Slippers and Skiffs. These are aot to ae
surpassed by any in Ricutnoud as to ueatotss or
Lodies, you will find it to your interest to supply
yourselves at once, aud not »a;t !or a rainy day.—
He sure and ca.l at No 219 iirosd street, wlitrey-a
wiii tind all of tue various styles ot Shoes, wticcl
pledge myself to sed as reasonable as any other per
son in the city.
oc 22—lit W. P. W. TAYLOR
Cj J LOsT, —A large Mastiti SLUT the
had a collar on, with my name eu,raved
on it. aue is a paie jelltw color, aud suckled paps.
She was seen last in the neighborhood ot me C J
Market. Any inlcrmacion to lead tj ner reco\eiy
wiii be thankfully received by
oc 22—2t" Flojd Uon, MdW—*•
MFUU Üb.NT-lnat large and convenient
ly located building iu Tobacco Alley, now oc*
cup.ed by Messrs. Hargrove At fllmoie as a Tobac
co Factory. This ho use, with regard to both loca
tion and cona'ructu n, is admirably adapted for a
Tobacco Factory or Warehouse. Pos«t.«..-a to oe
given Ist January, 1633. Appiy to
oc 22—t>t JaMI-.S M. TAYLOR.
Foil KENT.—The large au.l ele.aut
Mansion of the late Davia Bullock, with twa
acies ot land attached thereto. Possession given lit
November next. Foi terms, apJy to
oc 22—tit W.GODDIN
7>7U?lc7— JOSHUA, a No 1 Violinist,
can be hired by tlis day, mouth or w. -.i.
tor Coiillonund Daneiug Parties. Address
W F: or T J NOBLES, Lodore, Amelia.
oc --2—l2:*
7pltt-hTKK'S SAL.B. -On .Monday, the Ist
X day of November, ISj2, at the house ol ii l '
Alberger, at Bacon Quarter branch. at hail 3
o clocs, i' M, 1 shall, as trustee in a d el ex. e-.ed
by said Albcrger, on the !3ta January, ii4-.se'-.
for cash, all tue Household and Kitcueii Furiiitur*
of tliesaia Alberger, aud also « Mire and Coa.-~2
one horse Cart By request ot the benedciary.
oc 32—dtd
h.lltft UAVil' .IIASS .Iliifc l'l *b, at Pe
tersburg, ou Frldujr and *»atur»li»j'» uw»- J
and «3d ot October, lea*2.
Tickets will be is.ued on the above days, st tt»
office ot the Richmond ana Petersburg Hal' lt"*d
Company, at 0»e Dollur, to go aiul retuix;
tickets to lemaiu tor return uulil S.oiiu«i
monuug, the a3t'i.
F'xpioas traia leaves at 7 A M.
Mail da do J**" 2 *?
bupt. ol R. A. i J K K- CO.
October 20. 1p53. 0c32-> __
WANTKW.-A V outh, »o or ii )e*r. o.
ol .toady and tuUustJtous habits, ihir Wi -°*
a lair hand, ai.d who has had staue e*perieove i
the Mercauuie buaiu. s. Oue tr.ini the cuauli) pre
ferred. Appiy at tins -ali:n. cc —
L'»3K.\t iTuF COFKtJK.-A «t i-i
Hi cents sertes 4 lbs of t>a»t C'l-tleo. 1 lus *' iA tt
i. highly approTtd by tbr-se who bare tr.= a u.
saldt-y iiUINEIT f
yc 22 A>rurft, <«•

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