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The daily dispatch. [volume] (Richmond [Va.]) 1850-1884, October 26, 1852, Image 2

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THE DAILY DISPATCH.
tWTO
<y£e DWPATCM U THERE TIMES a* law M that
Of any other Daily paper in the city of Richmond.
11 ta therefore greatly superior lo any other •• a
medium of advertising.
RICHMOND, VA.i
Tuesday M«rning,Qrtobrr *6, 1854.
rri 'he person who has in possession the
ftfh volume of Shakspeare's works, belonging
to this office, will pleaae return it.
A BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE OF
DANIEL WEBSTER.
There is no department of literature so en
tertaining, and at the sahie time so insiructive,
as biography. Nothing so stimulates the ener
gies of youth a» to read of the tiinls and dif
ficulties which extraordinary men have passed
through, and the manner in which they have
surmounted them. Few men, who have figured
in the world, had more to contend with in early
life than the subject of this brief memoir, and
none have come out more triumphant f,om tiie
ordeal.
§|The first ancestor of Daniel Webster, on the
father's side, of whom auy thing is known, fet
tled in the town of Hampton, New Hampshire,
about the year lf>3€>. The family came origi
nally from Scotland, though it is generally be
lieved that they had resided some time in Eng
land before emigrating to America, and for
many generations their light complexions, and
sandy hair, distinctly betrayed their origin. 1 he
uncles of Dauiel Webster, all bore the traces of
their origin, and resembled their father in fea
tures, hair and complexion. But Ebenezer
Webster, his father, resembled the family of
his mother, whose maiden name was Bachel
der, and had coal black hair, piercing black eyes,
Bnd a skin as brown as that of n gipsy. How
fully all these distinctive traits were imparted
to his celebrated son, all who have seen him
must very well remember.
In early life Ebenezer Webster, during the
»old French war," enlisted asa common sol
dierinthe provincial troops, ur.der the com
mand of Sir Geoffry Ambers', and accoinpa"
nied that general in his invasion of Canada.—
Before the close of the war, he bad risen from
the rauks to the position of a captain, a decid
ed proof that his conduct had, in every respect,
been such ad became a gallant soldier, and an
honorable man.
At the conclusion cf the war Ebenezer
Webster moved his habitation to the ex.
treme Northern pnrt of the town of Salisbury, at
the head of the Merrimac river. "Thesmoke,"
said his son afterwards, "of his log cabin as
cended nearer the North star than that any of
of his majesty's New England subjects." Soon
afierhis settlement at Salisbury, Ebenezer's
first wife being dead, he niurried Abigaii East
man. a lady of Welsh extraction, and she was
the mother of Daniel and Ezekiel Webster.—
She is represented to have been a woman of
very uncommon intellectual powers, and to
have discovered, very early, <he extraordinary
genius of her eldest born, and the interior, but
still great, talents of his brother Ezekiel. Be
ing naturally proud of such boys, she bent the
whole force'of her strong understanding to the
task of preparing them, us far as she was able,
for the stations which she foresaw they were
one day destined to fill. And here we may re
mark that the observation with regard to a
man's being more indebted to his mother than
to any one else for his success in life, though
trite, is in the majority of cases true.
When Ebenezer Webster married the second
time, he built a frame house, dug a well af
ter the manner of the patriachs, and planted
an elm over it. The house is gone, but the
•well and the elai still remain. In this house
Daniel Webster was bom. on the ISih day of
January, 178:2, and his brother Ezekiel, a few
years after. The wild country in which the
family resided, offered but few inducements to
the schoolmaster, and the first instruction of
the future statesman was undertaken by a mi
gratory teacher, who initiated him into ail he
knew, that is, reading, writing and arithmetic,
lie had no sooner learned to read, than he ma
nifested that passion for books which is almost
sure to beset the boy ofgenius, when the door is
first opened to his curiosity. Books were at
first very scarce iu this wild country, but bv
the exertions of Ebenezer Webster, and some
of the neighbors, a small circulating library
was soon opened. The young student devour
ed its contents with the utmost eagerness. He
manifested, at this time, a great predilection for
poetical works, and committed to memory a
vast deal of poetry, which he afterwards, as oc
casion offered, pressed into his service with a
skill and judgment rarely manifested by Ame
rican orators in general. At the age of four
teen he was sent to Exeter, where he entered
Philip's Academy, of which Dr. Benjamin Ab
bott was President. He there learned the ru
diments of English grammar, and made consi
derable progress iu the learned languages. It
is singular that, while at this school, he felt
and manifested the greatest repugnance to de
clamation of every description, nor could all
the entreaties of Mr. Buckn.inster, the assis
tant tutor, who entertained a very exulted opi
nion ot his abilities, induce him to engage in
it. For the benefit of those young lawyers
who are unable to stand the shock of a first
failure and have not the nerve to persevere, we
here record the experience of Daniel Webster
,n h " "1 believe 1 ,„ ttd e tolerable
process .n most branches which I attended to
while in this school ; Wut there was one thing
could not do. I could not make a declami
tk , \ > not Veak before the ichool!-
The k.nd and excellent Buckminster sought
especially to persuade me to perform the ex
k erase of declamation, like other boys, but I
f could not do it. Many a piece did I commit
Jo memory, and recite and rehearse in my own
room, over and over again ; yet when the day
came, when the school collected to h.ar de
clamations, when my name was called, and
all eyes were turned to my seat, I could not
raise myself from it. Sometimes the instruc
tors frownej, sometimes they smiled. But I
never could command sufficient resolution."—
Such, ye young gentlemen of the bar, whose
vanity cannot abide the first failure, and who
make a cowardly back out because you have
not been able to rival Patrick Henry on your
first debut, such wus the experience of him
whom posterity will class among the first ora
tors that the world has ever produced. Nor
wa» he lingular. All the great orators who
have ever delighted or swayed mankind, with
the »ingle eiceptioo of Patrick Henry, firom De
mosthenes down, have failed in the beginning,
and failed, too, from excewi cf feeling, iherery
ingredient, of a'l other*, moat necessary to the
composition of an accomplished public speak
er. The difficulty is only to be overcome by a
determined will, and if you have it not, you
had bent burn your Jaw books and take to tho
plough, for you can never cut a figure on the
since of the world.
After remaining] at the Academy a few
months, he wan placed under the tuition
of the Reverend Sumuel Woods,in the town
ofßoscawen, and as his father had told him
that he intended, in spite of his narrow mean?,
to give him a college education, he devoted
himself to his studies with an ardor which no
principle less abiding than gratitude to a pa
rent who was so willing to sacrifice bis own
comfort for the advancement of his son, could
h*ve excited. While at Boscawen, he came
across Don Quixote, in English, for the
first time, and so completely did he be.
come absorbed in this wonderful creation of
genius,fcthat he never slept until he had read it
entirely through. In the summer of 1797, he
•ntered the freshman clans, at Dartmouth Col
lege, and two years afier he persuaded his fa
ther to give his brother Ezekiel a classical ed*
ucalion. Of the latter it is sufficient for our
present purpose to say, that he justified the
opinion formed of him by his brother, having
risen to great eminence at the bar, before his
death, which took place suddenly, while argu
ing a cause in Concord, in 1829. The atten
tion of Mr. Webster to his collegiate studies,
as well as to literature in general, during his
sojourn at Dartmouth, was intense, unremit
ting, and eminently successful. During his
last term, in the winter months, he taught
school to assist in defraying the expenses of
himself and his brother. He graduated in Au
gust, 1801, and immediately entered the law
I office of a Mr. Thompson, in his native vil
lage. Being pressed by poverty, he accepted
an invitation to teach a school at Fryeburg,
M aine, at a salary of $330 per annum. While
here, he supported himself, by acting as assis
tant to the Register of Deeds for the county,
and saved the whole of his salary. Here, for
tiie first time, he saw and read Blackstone'a
Commentaries. In 1802, he returned to the of
fice of Mr. Thompson, who is described as a
good man and a good lawyer, but as having no
talent for smoothing the difficulties of a new
beginner. He put him to reading, as a first
book, Coke upon Littleton, a process which
the author of Mr. Webster's Memoirs compares
to that of teaching a bov arithmetic by begin
ning with the differential calculus. It may not
be uninstructive, upon the long-mooted ques
tion respecting the best elementary work for
theyouth just beginning the study of the law,
to set forth the opinion of the greatest lawyer
this country ever produced. "A boy of twen
ty," says Mr. Webster, "with no previous
knowledge on puch subjects, cannot understand
Coka. It is folly to set him upon such an au
thor. There are propositions in Coke so ab
stract, and distinctions so nice, and doctrines
embracing so many conditions and qualifica
tions, that it requires an elllirt, not only of a
mature mind, but of a mind both strong and
mature, to understand him. Why disgust and
discourage a boy, by telling him he must break
into his profession through such a wall as
this?" He, himself, laid aside Coke, as he
expressed it,"till a more convenient season."
We are told by his biographer, that while
not engaged in his legal studies, he devoted a
portion of his time to the Latin Classics, and
another portion to hunting and fishing. Like
most boys of genius, he was fond of soli
tude, and of river and woodland scenery,
and even in later year*, was in the habit
of composing (he most remarkable passages
in his great orations, on such occasions.—
"The great argument in the case of Dartmouth
College was principally arranged in a tour he
made from Boston to Barnstable and back.—
John Adums's speech before the Philadelphia
Convention, in '76, was composed by Mr Web
ster while taking a drive in a New England
chaise. His favorite sport of angling gave him
many a favorable opportunity for composition,
'l'he Address for Bunker Hill (for instance)
was all planned out, even to many of its best
passages, in Marshpee Brook; the orator
catching trout and elaborating sentences at
the same time." "It is said, thai when the
orator drew in tome trout, particularly large,
he was heard to exclaim: 'Venerable men;
you kave come down to us from a former gen
eration. Heaven has bounteously lengthened
out your lives, that you might behold this joy
ous day.' As these identical seutences ap
peared afterwards, in the Bunker Hill Ad
dress, it would seem as if there was some
plausibility in the story." So true is the re
mark ofCurran made to Philips, that there is
no inspiration in these latter days, and that
those bursts of eloquence which establish tha
fame of an orator, and seem like improvisa
tions, are often the fruit of long and mature
meditation! Curran told Philips, that the lar
g-r portion of his splendid forensic displays,
had been concocted in his garden, before ha
went into the Court-room. Our youthful can
didates for forensic reputation should remem
ber these things. If intense meditation was
necessary to pave the way to immortality for
Buch men as Curran and Webster, what infe
rior genius can hope to obtain it at a lowar
price ?
In July, 1804, Mr. Webster went to Boston,
and entered the office of Christopher Gore, who
had then just returned from England, and re
sumed the practice of the law. He is repre
sented to have been not only a profound jurist
and statesman, but also a man of strong prac
tical sense and uncommon sagacity. With
turn Mr. Webster enjoyed the most ample op
portumties. He studied the Municipal law
and the law of Nations, with the most intend
devotion, and yet found time to attend con
stantly the Supreme Court of Massachusetts,
and the Circuit Court of the U. States, and to
aeport the decisions ol both. He devoted him
self particularly to sj ecial pleading, and trans
lated Saunders's reports from the old law
French, besides mastering all that was said on
the subject in the Abridgments of Viuer, Ba
con, and other books then ia common use. In
afier days, he wag in the habit of relating an
anecdote, which, as >t ia intimately connected
with the name of another great man, we shall
giv« it a« we find it in hia biography. "I re
member one day," Mid Mr. Webster, "when i
mi alone in the office, a man came in and
uked for Mr. Gore. Mr. Gore was out, and
he sat down to wait for him. He was dressed
in plain grey clothes. 1 went on with my
book, till he asked me what I was reading, and
coming along up to the table, took the book
and looked at it. 'Roccus,' said he, 'de naei
but et nando.' 'Well, I read that book, too,
when I was a boy and proceeded to talk, not
only about 'ships and freights,' but insurance,
prize, and other matters of maritime law,' in a
manner'to put me up to all I knew,'and a
good deal more. The grey-coated stranger
turned out to be Mr. Ilufus King."
In March, 1805, Mr. Webster was admitted
to practice in (he Suffolk Court of Common
Pleas, his master, Mr. Gore, as was usual is
those days, introducing him, with a speech, in
which he predicted his future professional
success. About this time, an event happened,
which was near losing to the world the exam
ple of Webster's genius and success. His fa
ther was one of the Judges of the Court of
Common Pleas for the county of Hillsborough,
and the Clerk of the Court resigning in Janua
ry,1805, was extremely desirous for his son to
succeed him, the place being worth $1500 per
annum. Mr. Webster, it is said, was eager to
accept it, but Mr. Gore opposed it so vehement
ly, that he at length resolved to decline it.—
This gave hie father groat offence, but his own
efforts, backed by the representations of Mr.
Gore, at last succeeded in pacifying him. The
good old man died in 1806, having lived to hear
his soil's first argument, and to satisfy himself
that the path to distinction in his profession lay
open before him.
In ISO 7, Mr. Webster, relinquishing his
prnctice in Boscawen to his brother Ezekiel
removed to Portsmouth, where he resided nine
years. In 1808, he married Grace Fletcher, by
whom he had four children, of whom Mr
Fletcher Webster is the sole survivor. In
Portsmouth, both at the bar and in society he
was thrown among men who kept bis faculties
in their highest state of excellence, by dint of
the exercise to which they subjected them.—
This will not be doubted when it is known that
his adversaries at the bar, and his associates
in piivate life, were such men as Jeremiah
Mason, Samuel Dexier and Joseph Story. Of
the two first he has publicly expressed his
opinion. Of Mr. Mason, in particular, he said
"if there be a mind of more native resources, if
theie be a vision thatseesquicker or sees deep
er into whatever is intricate, or whatever is
profound, I must confess I have not known it.'»
During the whole time of his practice in New
Hampshire, it has been said that he did not ap
pear on ten occasions as junior counsel. Yet
tiis practice never more thau supported him,
though it was very large, for the fees were
small. But at the age of thirty, bis leputation
had become so firmly established, that he was
elected to Congress, as a Federalist, and took
bis seat in November, 1812.
We have hitherto dwelt principally upon the
private life ofMr. Webster, because we wished
to hold up his perseverance under all difficul
ties, as a stimulant to our youth. We have
carried him into Congress, and shall, in our
next, touch uponmatteis connected with his
history, which are so well known to all the
world, that they muy be passed over lightly.—
It is proper to say, that for the greater part of
the information, contained in this sketch, we
have been indebted to the biography of Mr.
Webster, by Charles W. March.
LIEUT. PORTER.
The National Intelligencer denies that this
gentleman was summoned to Washington at
the instance of the Spanish Minister, or that he
has been ordered to sea, or that the Cabinet
has disapproved of his course with regard to
the Cuban government. They only wanted to
hear his statement of facts, from his own moutii,
that they might have u clearer insight into the
whole transaction. As Judge Conkling is to
collect all the evidence to be found at Havana,
it if, of course, but right that Lieut. P. should
be heard.
We regret to notice the death of Col. John
G. Gamble, of Florida. Col. G. was origi
nally from Virginia, and was a gentleman of
accomplished education and talents. Whilst
a youth he was attached to the American Lega
tion to France, at the heud of which was Chief
Justice Marshall, and he subsequently became
an eminent merchant in Richmond. About
twenty-five years since he removed to Florida,
and embarked in planting, und became the
head of an extensive banking institution. Col.
G. was allied by marriage to the late Attorney
General Wirt and other distinguished meu of
the Union, and was beloved by all who knew
him for his private worth, lie was the inti.
mate friend of the great statesman whose death
we have just heard of. Col. G. is the uncle of
Mr. Cabell, the Representative in Congress
from Florida.—Rational Int.
Til* -OLTHKKN MANUFAC
TURfIRS'BANK. OF WASHINGTON —
The notes of this Bank are received as heretofore
at our counter, at par. We caution the public
against paying the shadow of discount on them, »s
we will pay all sums under live dollars, in gold, at
par We have done this when the demand was
not made with any eye to speculation, and will con
tinue to do so until the entire circulation is with
diawn.
Persons in the country holding the notes ot the
Southern Manufacturers' Bank, will receive gold
or Virginia money for the same, by sending them
to any of their friends luthis city.
We, at present, decline paying out any of the
small notes of this Hank, bi't it will ali'jrd us pleas
ure to use every other tacility in our power to meet
the wants of the merchant* aud manufacturers, and
others who have so generously sustained the crea
it of this Bank against the tew malicious and de
signing persons who have so ineffectually attempt
fd to discourage the holders of the notes, in order
that they might be benefitted thereby.
oc 22—ts C. W. PURCELL & CO.
THOMAS 11. GItESUA.U, 109J
Broad street, is Agent lor all the Northern
Daily aud Weekly Papers, Magazines and Cheap
Publications. Any Foteign or Ainericau Newspa
per or Periodical can be had of him. He also has
ou hand a large assortment of ail the latest aud
moat popular Music of the day. Newspapers, Mu
aic, Magazines and Books mailed free of postage.
J toub*c:iptious solicited at less than publish
er* prices.
Two tliousond copiea of the Trial of John
auu jane Williams for the Murder of the Winston
rainily, lor sale at the Literary Emporium of
T H. GRESHAM,
Opposite Broad Street Hotel.
Copies mailed on the receipt of lbj cents.
oc 25—2w
C. W. PUKOELL & CO. are
purchasing as usual uucurreut Notes of
all solvent institutions ; also, Specie, Notes, and
oc 21
"WASHINGTON AMU JACK*
SON."—T. B. Welch's magnificent por
traits ot " Washington" and "Jackson" can be pre*
cured of the Agent for this State at Messrs. Nash k.
V\ oodhouse's, on Eagle Square. Embrace the only
opportunity that may ever present itself, and secure
eopiei ot tne only correct portraits of these illustri
ous characters ever engraved. oc JU—lßl*
LOCAL MATTERS.
CITY COUNCIL.
Callko JHketihg.—This body met at 4 o'clock
yesterday evening; present, Messrs. My era, Scott,
Saunders, Hill, Haskina, Dencon, Allen, Mihs, Car
riogton and Taltot. Mr. Myers stated that al
though thts meeting had been called for bu»ine«a
purpoaea, yet the receipt of hhe mournful ictelll
ligence of '.lie death of Daniel Webster, made it but
a proper tribute cf reap- ct to hia memory, that the
Council pass resolutions expretsfveof their sorrow,
and then adjourn. Ho would therefore offer the
following preamble and resolution tor adoption :
A bright, particular atar is let Daniel Webster
is no more, and the towering intellect whose gi
gantic proportions h id attracted the gaze and com
manded the admiration of his own, and of for
eign lands, is extinguished The wail of a nation
goes up this day, and wherever through the length
aud bieadth r<f our country the lightning ha* borne
the intelligence of her bereavement, her high hopes
have lor a time been withered and her pride
biought low.
Hut a brief period hag elapsed sfnee we miurned
with our sister South Carolina the loss of ber great
arid gitted Calhoun; only a few months sincc our
tears were shed upon the urn of Clay, and now the
blow has fallen on the State which,with ourown Vir
ginia, kept its vigils around the cradle of our Inde
peodence. Let us, while we bow wiih humility to
these chastening dispensations, cherish the h pe
that they may unite us still more firmly in the bonds
of affection, and that in our coma,on joys and cur
common sorrows our sympathies may never cease.
Tee mournful duty devolves upon us of paying
to the great man who has fallen, tne sad but sincere
tiibute of our respect.
Therefoie resolved, that a committee of six
members of the Council be appointed to co operate
with such committees as maybe appointed by our
citizens and the military in any arrangements they
may make suitably to demonstrate their respect
lorthe illustrious dead.
The following gentlemen were constituted tho
committee: Messrs. Uasfeins, Hill. Mills, Fry, Do
noon and Scott. Ou motion the President of the
Council was added to the Committee.
On motion of Mr. Denoon the Council adjourned.
Religious Meetings.—The protracted meet
ings that have been going on for some time past in
the Centenary, Trinity and Valley M. E. Churches'
came to a close last week. Upwards of forty per
sons professed conversion in these meetings. Tho
meeting held in Asbury Chapel, Union Mill, is pro
gressing; with increased interest. About twenty
five persons have professed conversion during the
last three weeks at this church, and on Sunday eve
ning last, the altar was thronged with peuitents.
The zeal evinced by the members of this church is
marked and worthy of example. During the Con
ferencs year that has just closed under the faithful
and laborious exertions of Rev. Mr. Woodward,
over one hundred persons have professed a change
of heart, and been add d toth" church. Mr. Wood
ward is one of ihe most devoted ministers of the
Methodist denomination. There is a ferveney,
simplicity and purity in his ap peals to the members
of his conjugation that enlists the affections,
move3the heart, and commands the judgment In
his public ministrations he is mod est yet firm—af
fectionate, winning, and conciliatory. As a pastor,
his usefulness aud influence among the families
whom he visits, is almost unbounded, ft may with
'ruth be said of this exemplary minister, in the
'anguage of Halleck, that " none know thee but to
'ove thee, or name thee but to praise." Wa regret
to learu that his protracted laoors have seriously
impaired h's constitution, and it is feared that he
will be compelled to retire from active ministerial
life.
The religious meeting that was in progress at
Springfield Hall, under the charge of Rev. Mr.
Ford, a self denying, efficient and apostolic mission
ary of the Baptist church, has also closed. Aijout
twenty-five persons professed conversion duiing its
progress. Mr. Ford is one of those plsiin, practical
and impressive trackers of the gospel whose labors
result in bringing into tne domain of the church so
many active and useful members, His fervent,
pungent exhortations reach at once the heart and
judgment, and prompt serious reflection and con
viction. Long may he be spared to occupy the
field in which he is so usefully employed.
Hoxoas to Danikl Wkbstkb.—On yesterday
by order of the Governor and Mayor, the different
church bells of the city were toiled at appropriate
intervals in memory of the departed Webster. The
Ciy Council met and passed resolutions expres
sive of the regret they felt at this melancholy public
bereavement, una adjourned.
Circuit Cocar of Henhico.—Judge Clopton
presiding—lbis court opened yesterday. The
Grand Juiy met and brought in true bills of indict
ment against William A.Rice for stealing ; J. A.
Johneou for killing a negro; George K. Blanken
ship lor obtaining negroes fiaudulcntly; Henry
Wade for assaulting, and Wa. Regan for felonious
stabbing. The case of Rice, charged with stealing
a horse, was called up and the trial will proceed
this morning.
Dbunk.—A servant of T. L. Hardgrove's,
named Jordan Johnson, was arrested for drunk
enness Sunday night, but being his tirst appearance,
was discharged yesterday.
Jamti Acderi-on, slave to William Anderson,
was arrested alter hours Sunday night, while gross
ly intoxicated. He resisted arrest, and yesterday
was punished with twenty iashes.
John Vest having indulged too freely in drinking
Saturday, got into a playful rough and tumble,
tight in 2nd street, and was duly arrested by officer
Tyler for breakiug the peace. He was discharged
yesterday by the Mayor after receiving a suitable
admonition,' and promising to refrain from play
ing so roughly in future in a public street.
Deranged—The case of David Wall, who is
sutlering from mental derangement, produced by
excessive drinking, was further continued unul
Thursday, in order to atford time for convales
cence.
Kcnawat—Andrew, slave to Mrg. Morrison,
was arrested Saturday as a runaway. It appears
that he threatened th? lil'-i of B. F. Tyler, while in
the employ ot the Central Railroad Company, and
then ran jff, to aroid punishment. Ordered thirty
nine lashes.
Insolekt. —A lree Degress, named Mary Susan
Norman, yesterday received twenty lashes for
using insulting language towards Mrs. Elizabeth
Carr, Friday last. It appeared thatMury passed a
bsdnote on Mrs. Carr, aud when charged with the
oilonce, denied it, and give Mrs. C. the lie.
Assault. —Absalom C. Waller, a resident of
Fredericksburg, while under the influence of li
quor, assaulted, without cause, a boy named Isaacs
iu the employment of Mr. Heuderson. Yesterday
the Mayor committed Waller to jail in default of
SIOO security.
Out of TftACE.—George Ssiles, slave to George
F. Guy, received ten lashes yesterday for being out
of track Sunday night.
Stephen Carter, a slave, was arrested for the
same offence Sunday evening, b ul being his first ap
pearance at court, yesterday was discharged.
Unbkdobscd Pass.—Henry Jones, alave to Wil
liam C. Catlia, was arrested with an unendorsed
pass Sunday evening, and discharged yesterday
with a reprimand.
Pxuints —We received yesterday, from Mr.
Cahill, the superintendent of Mr. Mills' garden, a
splendid bouquet. At the same time he sent us a
mammoth cabbage, fife feet iu circumference. Also
a lot of spleudid parsnips and beets.
We return our thanks, for these very aooipta'jle
presents.
PuitMHMSVT or SLATttk—lu Virginia, iba j
lawi provide three mode* of punishment of
•laves for crime : whipping, transportation,
and death. Transportation has become to be
generally esteemed as a very trivia! punish
ment, or as scarcely any punishment at all; and
hence there may be said to exist but two modea
of punishment for the slave—the leaser grade
of whipping, and the extreme grade of death;
and to this fact is to be attributed the difficulty
often experienced by courts in adjudging the
punishment proper to be affixed as a penalty
for certain offences; and also the fuct that it has
become too often necessary to throw upon the
Executive the aelicate and responsible duty of
judging between two extremes—life and death
—or, in other words, between transportation
(now supposed to be a mere nominal punish
ment) and the extreme and severe penalty of
death. A medium punishment, between whip
ping and the taking of life, is therefore demand
ed. What can be fixed as a medium, or as a
substitute fur transportation, has for sometime
been a question of discussion and some per
plexity. The Court of Jefferson County, in
this State, a few days ago, had a case in point.
A slave was found guilty of a violent assault
upon a white man, with an intent to kill. The
Justices composing the Court, were divided in
regard to the proper punishment. All were
opposed to transportation, because of its ina
dequacy as a penalty fjr the crime, while they
were about equally divided on the question of
death aa a punishment. In this dilemma, the
Court was obliged to put its wits to work to
find a medium punishment; and finally, it or
dered Jive hundred lashes, 3!) to be given at a
time, and the convict to remain in prison un
til the whole number shall have been inflicted.
This, supposing about 3'J lashes to be given
weekly, would add an imprisonment of, and
extend the punishment to three months. This
exhibits a mode of punishment which we do
not remember to have seen before adopted in
our State And where the intent to kill was
evident, as it was, we learn, in thia cuse, we
supposed any other punishment than death
for the offence would have to be affixed by tiie
Governor. Lashes, to the amount fixed by the
law of Moses, (thirty-nine) are daily given;
but it has been seldom that more than that
number have been given for a single offence.
We regard the punishment resorted to by the
Court of Jeffjrson, as a very severe one,
greatly exceeding that of transportation and as
one only second below that of death. And, in
this case, our Courts have an example which
may serve to relieve them of embarrassment
arising from the want of u proper substitute for
transportation or death. For very good rea
sons, slaves cannot be allowed to be imprison
ed in the Penitentiary; but, it appears to us,
if the jails of the Commonwealth were provi
ded witii cells for solitary confinement, where
•laves could be confined for crime, and pun
ished in the mode adopted by the Jeflerson
Court, it would probably prove a good substi
tute for transportation or death, if not the best
medium punishment to be found. Nothing is
more terrible to a slave than solitary confine
ment; and as to lashes, on a bare hide, to the
amount of 500, we think there are but few who
will not agree with us that the agonies of such
an infliction could scarcely be less than death
itself. One thing is certain: Courts where the
crime has been committed, and where they are
placed in possession of all the facts and cir
cumstances by the evidence and prec#edings
of trial, and it may be, have a personal know
ledge of the parties implicated and the merits
of the case, are better able to judge of the pro
per punishment than the Governor, who is a
stranger comparatively to the facts and merits of
the case, and who is always liable to be im«
poged upon l y expnrte statements. If, there
fore, the courts of the commonwealth general
ly, as iu the case of the Jefferson Court, can
find a proper punishment between the two ex
tremes of transportation and death, we think
it their duty to do it. They need not, then, be
continually involved in the absurdity of con«
demning criminals to die, and in the same
breath, signing a petition to the Governor to
save their life.
Sfarrisg.—We take this occasion to say
that the Sparring School of Mr. Hudson is now
open, but that it will close iu a short time to
make way for the gymnasium, which there is
now a fair prospect of establishing. We know
ot few accomplishments so important as the
scieuce of self-defence. It is, indeed, essen
tial to every man, and there is scarcely one
who has not, at some time, felt the want of it.
Sparring is, withal, a fine exercise. It takes
the fat down in the quickest kind of style, and
leaves nothing but the bone and sinew behind*
Every young man in the city ought to use this
opportunity to take lessons. Sir. Hudson, we
are assured, is a most competent teacher.
Firs—Recently Mr. Richard Hill, Jr., of Henrico
county, sold one half of his tarm, located about 7
miles from the city, together with the dwelling
u x>n it, to Mr. James Garnett. On the other half o'
the farm Mr. H;ll has jus: finished a neat and excel,
lent dwelling, which, on Sunday night last, was
fired by an incendiary and burnt down. The build
ing was only partially insured*
llakpkk'h Magazine.—Wo received the
November No. of thin Magazine from our at
tentive frieud, Mr. T. H. Gteahain. It premi
ses to be a very good No.
DIED,
At hit resid«nc?, in tnis city, on Friday, the 22nd
of the present month, Mr. HUMPHREY BROOKE
(J WATHMEY, in thu sJtli year ot his age
Mr. (jwathiney was oaa ot the m tit Intclllseut
geatlrmrnthat belonged to thu mercantile communi.
ty i fthia couutiy. Fur horn regarding cominrroe in
tn« narrow spiiil ot a ahop-kceper, hi* large ana en
lightened views embraced it in its must extended
coiisfqut-nces, as c junectej with the rise »nd prj
gressof nations, the advancement of civil zauon,
aud the prosperity of the world A large portion of
hi* life had beec apent in travelling upon business
connected with hi* calling, aud a» be was a most
acute observer, and. withal, cheerful, sociable,
soiamuuicative, and giited with considerable con
versational powers, he was one ot to e most agree
able companions the writer recollects ever to nave
met with. The unconquerable energy of bis char
acter, and the ser»uity with which he iuei ana over
rame the most formidable mercantile difficulties,
have been as much the aubj-rct of comm-ui
aud admiration, as the accuracy of his infor
mation upon all subjects connected with the com
merce ot the world. This astonishing accuracy
uuited with a just reputation for high and unbend
lug integrity, aud witu a very unuiuat singleness of
heart, acquired thu confidence of the mercantile
world to an extent almost UDparaielled in our day.
Ou Ch iUga in London, at the Bourse iu Paris, and
upon thu levee in New Orleans, his character was
equally known, aud hh opinions equally priz-d.
My carelully considering every questiuu that had
tne remotest bearing upon thu auuject, betore ma
king up his epmioe, he was almost always cnabt d
t> go m advance of the pu>hc, and opinions tx
by the event. So wrfl MUbnahed w«
for far-r«acbing foresight, and Mma
that the oldest nn-rehinu came to Mm 7 !wn, T.
and be b U on more than o£ o£C» m 3W**
tones lor other#, where h* mid. not M*'. .
•elf He freely imparted h".k°?w?s' w . bin "
•norm >u* list of correspondent, w h , £
petually consulting him upon matter. i a whlhT
had no so tof interest, thereby p«.yia» »T 1 e
treab!e«ome compliment to hit sagacity n i
th»n to h:s good nature. Ji '^as
It is doubtful whether thi. community i~.
• more useful citiz-n than Mr fi P err s!,,» lo "
uaatiectedly pious, without the lew: taiot %
biaot or the ascetic in bis composition, h's >«-—
and enitgnlened charity was tree y bestowed Dr J*
8 "ho were needy, In this respect fsl y
lag to the declaration that " he who aiveta,7
poorlendeth to the Lord " Yet, after » ,
withio the circle of hi. own household th't
pnt-d to most advantage. The a'e hS"
band, the doating parent, the indugent
there appeared in the fulness of their soft ,„! r
nignant lustre. The nat.ve cheerful
own t'-mper, like th ■ electric «park/££d »
heart to h art, until all was j,y a ; ;d gladS^VwPhS
the rants A its influence. Wnile it i< sad toTh,?
that such a light has been extinguished in ih\, world
forever, it muat be a consoling r,nation toTh 'se
who were his nearest and dearest, t. at if there
truth in the promises, (and who dare doubt!,?
will shine with immortal lustre in another and .
a bettor world. na *
Yesterday roornirfr, at 3 o'clock, w. D v
WOODY, daughter of Mr. Samuel
friends of the lamily are r<;que,ted to at%.,w 1
funeral from her father',
Broad and 4 h stre ta : This Afternoon, at 4 jvi Ji
Sweet Mary, has thy spirit fled,
And art thou numbered with the dead f
S weet spirit, rest from all thy jam,
Thou wilt ne'er return again;
But we can go to thee.
And be happjjthrough eternity •
p ,?°' be morning of the -'Gth msunt, LEWIS
PHILII. miant sonot Philip F. and Lucy B v ho
aged two years and three months. His funeral 4, i
take place I his (Tuesday) Morning, at the Sec, rrf
Baptist Church, at 11 o'clock. The friends and
ot the family are requested to attend
without further notice. *. nd
EF"Tke particulars of tbe Wiustou TniaedT
(in pamphlet form) being a full account of the
MjRDER of the WINSTON FAMILY
embracing all the particular of ihe d sc\very o 'f
the bloody victims, the testimony before the Ccro'
ner's Jury, and the evidence on the final trim* of
the murderess and murderer, JANE AND JOiiH
WILLIAMS: their (sentence, confession,, an*
execution upon the gallows s together with
tke Funarnl Sermon of the Her. .Mr.
•Uovre, on the death of Mjts. WINSTON AND
DAUGHTER, and the Sermon of Kev. Uoht.
Rylaud on the subject of the murders
For einle nt this Office, tingle copies 15
cents; 10 copies ®X; MO per hundred. Oiders
addressed to the undersignsi through the mail will
meet with prompt attention.
oc 26—ts J. D. HAMMKRSj.EY.
TO THfc VU'l'tlW OF TIIE
CITY OV RICHMOND —I a^
you as a eandidate for the vacant seat of Judee
Meredith, ia the Senate of Virginia, and a ,je»,re
that my position in th s aspect should be ejrrect v
understood, far more than any ambition to < ccupy
the station must be my apology for tnis cird
At the moment ot the first presentati ,u of inv
name to your notice, I was told oy the frienls wo
solicited it, that no one had been nai2<>d ior the
post, and as far as was within their know.ejjp, that
no cne desired it. Like myself :hey wera ignorant
of t:ie fact that the name »f Sir. Brooke bad btea
mentioned, many months previously, in out of the
papers of the city. In reply to the solicitation of
many friends, I stated, that if in their pin. r. I
could be c f any service to my feilow-citizens, 1 was
notaware, in thwevent of election, if any serious
impediment to an acceptance ana discharge ot the
duties ot the scatiun ; but, on the contrary, that tb**
persons) intimacy whioh 1 now enjoyed with tbe
members ot each Branch cf the G-aeral Asseins y
might be turnsd to the aci;ou!it of tne city in a re
presentative capacity ; but that under no clrcum.
stances would I consent to the use of my name, un
til M-. K. i'. Daniel, who had my prefert nee for tne
station, could be consulted in regard to it. T;ie
reply o' Mr. Daniel, when approached on the sub
ject, was an unqualified retusal ot his name,un
der any circumstances, ia connecti n with the of
fice. At this stage my name was hrst brought be
fore you. Others swon followed, andj the Conse
quence was, the ca 1 of a meeting for the purpose
ot harmonising the views of all. When the mat
ing was held, much to the surprise ol many who
tli iuiiht they understood his wi-hiu the matter, toe
naiueof Mi. Dasie was presented, with the decis>
ration that ha would accept if nominated. Of course
under these circumstances he received the vole of
the meeting, and was cordially recommended for
election. Ou learning the result, Mr. Daniel prompt
ly declined the protlerej honor, in u-ruia wnich le
flec'.ed credit upon himself, and tnereupon, :l;a
held beiug once more open, my name was ago. a
place i before you. A second meeting was caned,
in wbicii my fiends declined to unite 'Hie first
mee ting had tested the impraj ic-ioility o; obtain
ing any fair exptessioa of opinion, tough eveiy
effort was u-ed to obtain s large attendance oiitiu
ucci sion It was reasonable to suppose, thrrefore,
tuat another meeting would be equally abortive.
And thus has it resulted. Of a population compri
sing morethaa two thousand five hundred tiers,
not more than a tenth of the number, if as many,
w re found in tho last meeting, thus demonstrating
most clearly, even it the unsuc -essiul result of for
mer nominations had not established the lact, that
the citizens ol iUcmnoau prelerred their own action
at the p .lis to .hat of any caucus whatever.
It u under such circumstances that 1 s.n now a
caudldatefor your votes, in the nomination of Mr.
Daniel, unexpected as it was at the moment, uiy
friend*, in conjunction with myself, cordially united.
His declination relieves as to tne fullest extent fr< m
suy obligation imposed by that nomination, and as
my friends have thought proper to take no part in
the meeting which nominated Mr. Baldw.u, and stnl
desire to support me at ihe polls, 1 have yielded U>
their wishes, and respectfully present mj soil for
your suffrages.
A native ol Richmond, and identified from child
hood with her prosperity, 1 shall seek, if elected, t»
promole thst prosperity to the best of my ability;
aud believing myself son.ewhat familiar witn the
wants of our community, by reason of a long and
intimate association with iu trade and commercial
relations, no effort shall be spared on my pirt which
can tend to place our beautiful city where
should be, "tii st among the cities of the hi-is."
Kospectfuliy, your leliow-eitizen,
ED. RO3INSON.
Richmond, October 96. 195*2
oc -t>—it
sar Grantor.—n any tmu,er evidence h»d
been necessary to show the utter use!eis»nt»«s of
town meeting to select a Wuig from among Whigs,
(when th«ro is no common loe, or ikeiy to be; I*s
tarnished by the result of the meeting on last Fri
day night. At aformer meeting oat ct some or
liUO persons present, only 31- voted; it wit tfi-a
contended that it was not a I'uU expression, or rath
er that ,it showed a r"pujuai.c« to such action, aud
thercloiu not binding uu those who did not rote —
Another notii nation has been made by 25't. Take
the "rule of time" and tell us it 315f were njt suffi
cient, what should be the effect 0f853; Mr Bald
win 144; Mr li ving 6i; Air Johnson 33: scatter
ing 2
Kuough of meetings, and away with dictation.—
Let every Whig go to the polls and Tote as insju ig*
oieat and feelu gs incline, taking cate that Scott &
(irahaiu bo the aim. Learning that lidwtn K»!'io
»on, Eiq, a man wuost! iir.t breata was drawn in
this city—who has never lived any whjre ei»;.' ; iden.
tided in feeling, seutiuicut anc interest with (ur
people—a:ways u Wh'.j—yet tolerant and cour
teous towards his opponents, is stilt willing *»
serve, uul believing hi:u to be th • sort of ui#u luch
rnond want4—elect him, and it sound practical
sense, conciliatory manner*, with genuine Whig
fcery, be desired, the eu J is accomplish^*!
oc M—lt* CSfIBRO.
Remember, t'emoorat*, »
mix.iag ot the pany u caueu lor !*••
night, at tho Uuiveraalut Church. We have,
fcmoug utli>!r tiiiujf a» to do, to nominate c»ciLii*W
tor tut) L.egWlaturo and Seuute. W# b" Ta
amongat u>g >od mil true Democrat*, wh'>cou:d
tii] Uio*ef placet with decided ad»antag« to Uie citi
zen* generally, of thii, tats uietropolia ol iae good
old Commonwealth.
oo 2tf—U* MANY DEMOCRATS.
UP To-iiljjh , the Democrat* of Kichuwai
inr-et at tUe Uutvumaliat Church, at hail j»a»l *e*en
o'clock. A lull attendance i» repeated. Bu»ia«w«
of iuiyortanca will come before the meeting. * r
JOHN A. KNULlsii ha* been ioviied «udwol ad
dit)>* the Democracy of Kichui.»ud tonight. AU
Jem in- rata are incited to co'"b oc «o — It*
ml» iSTiMSfiI.Nu tstck vv HtJrt
V Flour rcceiriug and for *aie by
oc ito WILLIAMS U BHUTULS.

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