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THE DAILY DISPATCH.
OTTO of the Dispatch la thmi timm aa large aa that of any other Dally paper in the city of Richmond. It la therefore flatly superior to any other aa a oaadlutn of adT^rtisinc. RICHMOND, VA.i Tbamrfay Morning, January «, IM3. * THE LITERARY MESSENGER. We find in the No. before us, a sketch of the Finch Times of Alabama and Mississippi. It is not quite equal to the first tkelch, but it is very amusing, and is drawn, we have no doubt, with considerable fidelity, though as it relates jo a subject with which we are not familiar, we ate unable to state how far it is truth and how far caricature. The best likenesses, by the way. are very often found in the latter. The article on the Destiny of Russia, con tains, we think, much sound reflection, though we do not entirely agre» with all the writer's speculations. The power of Russia is grea', no doubt, and is established upon a basis which allows of a very great increase. It is entirely free of debt, and possesses a currency of unimpeachable excellence, every rouble of paper being represented in the Treasury at St. Petersburg by a rouble of specie. The whole of this vast machine is in the hands of the Emperor, and its movements are governed by his pleasure. Of course there is no possi bility of deranging the currency, unless suclj derangement should proceed from the act of the government itself. Against all foreign attempts it is absolutely impregnable Its territories are peopled,in great part, by what are called Little Russians, the most thriving and most pro lific race on earth. It has always under arms, a force variously estimated at 7, 8, and 900,0(10 men. The doctrine of tbe entire population is implicit obedience to the will of the Emperor, and the policy of that monarch,derived through all his successors, from Peter tbe Great, has been conqueit. Of such formidable propor tions, with such formidable means, and with such a formidable eud in view, it is not won derful that Russia should be a source of dis quiet to all Southern and Western Europe.— Napoleon, with the sagacity which so emi nently distinguished him from all the states men of his day, foresaw the danger which threatened Europe from this source, and sought to avert it. He always maintained that France end England should have entered into an alli ance to curb the progress of this ambitious and aggressive power. The little statesman who ruled that Great Kingdom, the poetaster Can ning, the place-hunter Percival, and the abso lutist Castelreagh were unable to comprehend him, and received his overtures with insult.— While at St. Helena he said, in fifty years Eu rope will be either Republican orCossac, and w hen he said so, he doubtless considered rath er t l ie incapacity of Europe to resist, than the power of Russia to enforce. Whatever Allison, whose blind admiration rf absolute governments would better become the latitude of St. Petersburg than that of Edin burg, may say to the c ontrary, the military exploits of Russia, considering that she is al ways it war somewhere, and has bee is ever 6ince the battle of Narva, have not been ex traordinary. She has pretty generally beaten the Turks, it is true, and has conquered so many tribes, that (here are said to be no les6 than forty thrones kept for show at Moscow ; for at St. Petersburg, we forget which;) but with the single exception of SouvaiofTs lialian campaign, which has been grossly exaggera ted, she has never conducted any enterprise against Western Europe successfully unless by dint ofsuperior numbers. All that Allison (and Segur, Irom whom he copies, in spite of the absolute demonstration of his entire un worthiness of credit by Gourgaud, Partou neaux and others,) can say, cannot alter facts. So far from its having been proved in the con test wiih France, that "the Russians are the best soldiers in the world," that contest proved that they were fur from being entitled to the credit which they had hitherto received upon that score. They were shamefully rout ed at Austerlitz, where their own fjree, ex clusive of 20,000 Austrians, was superior to the French, and laid down their arms by bri gades. At Eylau they had every advantage in their favor. They had 72,000 men on strong ground, supported by more than 500 pieces of artillery, 300 being in their first line, and the remainder with the reserve. The greater part of these guns v ere siege pieces of the heaviest metal. They were, besides, in a climate to which they were enured, and which was fatal to the French. They had the farther advan tage ofa tremendous snow-storm, which was at their back?, and drove directly in the faces of the French, one of whose corps was so blinded by it, that it lost its direction, and stood exposed for an houi to the fire of eighty pieces ol heavy artillery loaded with grape, at point blank distance, without being able to re turn the fire. The French had but 54,000 men, and less than 200 pieces of artillery. Two hours before the battle ended, the Prussian General Lestocq, with 8000 men, arrived and took part in the engagement, so that in all they had 80,000 against 54,000. It is true that Mar. ■Hal Key followed close at Lestccq's heels wiih »000 meo, but when he got up the Prussians had already been engaged an hour, and their attack had failed. Beningsen retreated in the night, carry ing ofF with him a large portion ot his wounded, but he left 12,000 killed and wounded on the field, and the trench found 15,000 more of the latter in the villages, where he had left them. Tbey took, besides, 4000 prisoners, and 10,00# Russians left their co lors ; so that he had lost, besides 10,000 in rear-guard actions before the battle, 40,000 wen out of 80,000 on that day. He did not halt, but literally fled to Konigsberg, whither he was pursued by the French cavalry, lie failed, utterly, in his object, which had been to relieve Dautzig. That city, with its large garrison and enormous resources, fell, shortlv after, into the hands of the French. The ad vantages gained in tbis battle, it is true, were not so greatas those which had been obtained at Austerlitz and Jena. Still they were enor mous, and had ihey been obtained by anybodv but Napoleon—who had so accustomed the world to expect the enemy's destruction wher ever he commanded, that anything less was scarcely regarded as a victory—*ould have t>eeu so considered. Now, that the Russians behaved bravely, thete can be no question ; but we bardlj think the re«ult of this battle, in which, wilh everything in their favor, they were betten by a force greatly inferior in numbers and artillery, will justify tbe lofty prafoe which our author beatowa upon them. At Friedland, in June of the aame year, (ISU7,) the Hussian army was 75,000 strong, the French force opposed to it, 80,000. Of these latter 23 or 30,000 men never fired a shot, while every Russian was engaged. \et in the history of the whole world, there was hardly ever a more complete victory, including eve;.(that of Cannae. It prostrated the power of Russia for the time, and had not Napoleon believed that he could gain greater advantages by negotiating wilh Alexander, he had it in bis power to have Btripped him of every ves tige of his empire in Poland. At Austerlitz, he had surrounded him, and could have made him prisoner. He was induced torefiain from so doing by a note, written by his own hand, in which he begged him, in the most humble terms, not to reducc him to that state of humi liation. I n both instances he committed a great mistake —a mistake which proved fatal to him self, and may yet prove fatal to continental Eu rope. Since we have bestowed so much space up on this article of the Messenger, the reader will of course see that we think highly of it, though we do not concur with the author.— But for the present we must turn to some oth er subject, promising to take him up again to morrow. _____ LIBERIA. In 1830, C. Alexander, of Washington, pub lished a little work written by Dr. Lugenbeel, " late Colonial Physician and U. S. Agent in Liberia," relative to that country, which late ly fell into our hands, and which we have read with much pleasure. It is, indeed, a most interacting subject, though by some strange oversight it has, heretofore, received but a very small degre ?of attention from the public,even the slave States, as we may suppose that in the time of J mes I, very few in England troubled •.hemselves with the late of that handful of ad venturers who landed at Jamestown and Ply mouth, and laid the foundation of the present United States. It is very evident, notwith' standing, to us,that in Africa has been plant ed the seed of a mighty nation, and that not two centuries will have elapsed before the whole of that vast, unexplored continent, will have become a portion of it. At present, af ter an existence of thirty years, the republic of Liberia, including a few other settlements front various psrts of the United St. tes, has a po pulation of about six thousand. It lias about fuur hundred miles of sea coast, and extends back from the ocean about twenty miles. In stead of being hemmed in by a fiery desert on one side, and the ocean in front, Liberia has, in its r-ar, a magnificent country, of unbroken forest, variegated with hill, dale and mountain, presenting a virgin soil of unrivalled fertility, and of such a;i extent that, under proper cul ture, it might supply t'ie whole earth with food. Far from retrograding, as the African race has done in San Domingo and Jamaica of'l <te years, and as it appears to have done in the countries bordering on Egypt in ancient times, the colony (or rather Republic) of Li beria, has, from the first, been steadily a r vane" ing in intelligence, refinement, and the arts ne cessary to the happiness of life in a state of civilization. Their constitution is wise and modeiate, their laws are equal, mild and tem. perate, and their institutions ihe best that the nature of the case could admit of. Crime issaid to be v< ry rare among them, and the disorders naturally and inevitably attendant upon socie ty in every stage of progress, are uncommon ly few. Wiih regard to its productions, Liberia is as highly favored by nature, a3 any country of which we have any account. There is scarce ly any production natural to either of the la dies, which, with a very small degree of ex ertion on the part of the inhabitants, it will not yield in the greatest abundance. The cof. fee tree is indigenous, and is to be found wild in the woods. The wild African coffee, of which we hate seen speiiraers in this city, sells higher than any other, and is as superior in strength to the coffee of Mocha and Java, as the first of these is to all other descriptions.— With so muehease is this crop cultivated there, that the author thinks even with a moderate degree of industry, a single acre might be made to yield at least $120, after the first six years, nnd an average of nearly $40 previous to that time. One tree in Monrovia is recorded to have yielded, at one time.thirty one pounds, the largest quantity, the author says, he ever heard of from a si»gle tree. But besides coffee, the productions of the ve getable world are unlimited. Indian corn, sweet potatoes, casada root, yams, Tania, Li ma beans, peas of all kinds, tomatoes, cucum bers, watermelons, &c., are to he had in abun dance. Oranges, limes, and lemons abound, and are of the largest size. Pineapples grow wild ; and besides these, there grow, in great perfection, the guava, the mango, the plantain, the the papaw, tamarind, the pomegran ite, the African peach and cherry, the bread fruit of Tahita, and numberless other valuable trees. Pepper and ginger may be produced in anv quantity, and enormous sums might be made by the cultivation of arrow root for sale. The woods of Liberia are full of medicinal and timber trees. Among the former are the palma christi, the copaiva, and the gum arabic.— Among the latter are wistmore, rose wood, ma hogany, bastard mahogany, saffron, mangrove, African oak. and sassa wood, all of which are fit for cabinet work. The gum elastic tree grows wild, sometimes to the height of fortv feet, and the crolon tiglium, from which cro ton oil is extracted, is very plentiful. The whole couutry is literally covered with palms, the oi! extracted from which is one of the most valuable materials of commerce. Cows, sheep, hoises, all domestic animals common here, in fact, arelhere to be found in the greatest abun dance. In one word, there is nothing wanting there which supplies want, or contributes to luxury. Libei ia, in the materials, and the advantages *h ch we have enumerated, has evidentlv the basis of a mighty foreign commerce, as well as of great loraestic prosperity. Enjoying, as it does, a free government, with all these ad vantages, it is a subject to u* of unalloyed as. tonishment that our entire free colored popu lation his not emigrated ihither. Bu: we will speak of this hereufter. Dismissal or Mr. Marcoleta the Nica ragua* Minister.—Our reader* are already aware that this gentleman has been dismissed by the Secretary of State. The reasons for this dismuwal are tbua stated in the N. Y. Tribune: It grew out of Mr. Marcoleta's course pend ing the negotiatien of the famous treatv of me diation and settlement between England, the United States, and Costa Rica, which Mr. Marcolela utterly opposed, and Nicaragua af terwards rejected. During this time, iit is al leged, that finding himself crowded, and the in terests of Nicaragua likely to be sacrificed to England, and Costa Rica, the protege of E»g land, he indulged in some rather undiplomatic language with respect to Mr. Webster and the Administration, and also undiplomatically made public tne dale of the negotiations through the journals of this country, h or this, Mr. Webster demanded his recall. It is said also that Mr. Everett feels himself aggrieved by the late publication by Mr. Marcoleta, or with his consent, of the official note addressed to the Nicaragua Minister, as well as to ail the other members ol the diplomatic corps here, of Mr Everett on his accession to office. It was published to show that this government re cognised Mr. M. as an Envoy in good stand ing, when it was by no means intended by its author to go before the world as an indorse ment i f Mr. M.'g official character. The Richmond Whig.—Mr.J. T. I'atton, until recently connected with the Lexington Gazette, hasbecoma an associate editor of the Whig, in this city. He is a good writer, and wiil prove a valuable accession. Sldde.v Death.— Peyton Randolph, Esq., died suddenly at the residence of his son, in Washington, on the 4th inst. He was a native of Virginia. jy Information has been received at Washington of the death, at London, of A jra ham P. Gibson, for many years consul of the United States at St. Petersburg . Vote in Wythe County.—On Tuesday week a poll was opened in Wythe county to take the vote on the question whether the coun ty court should subscribe $40.000 to the stock of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. The vote resulted—for the subscription, 350; against it, 365. J5P* Some wags in \\ ilmington got up a subscription for the burialof Mr. Oldyear, who it was alleged, died on Friday night last. — Several benevolent gentlemen subscribed a dollar each. "The Arabia."—This new ship of the Cu nard line was announced to sail from Liver pool for New York on the Ist inst. Ou the occasion of her trial trip : at Glasgow, there was a gentleman onboard (the Dean ofßipon) who had been present at the trial trip of Ro bert Fulton's first North River steamboat in 1807. The contrast presented to his mind, must have been remarkable indeed. Women in Male Attire.—Boston Jus tice. —Emma Snodgrass, the female who re cently turned the heads of the Boston editors by her audacious pranks in male attire, has re turned to New York, and, under the rules of parental discipline, commenced the new year in a more feminine manner. A short time pre vious to her leaving Boston, a young girl named Harriet French, who had likewise as sumed coat and pantaloons, was found in company with Emma, arrested, taken before a magistrate, and sentenced 'to imprisonment for two months. The court subsequently, however, gave her one day's grace to leave the city. Such, saj s the Tribune, "is the dif ference between breeches without money, and breeches with." All attempts to punish Em ma have failed, simply because the had money. WATCH STOI/KN. —Stolen from my resi" dence, on Monday last, a GOLD LEVER WATCH made in Liverpool, No. 3682. All persons are torwarned against trading for said watch I will give a reward of $10 for the recovery of the watch on its delivery at this office. MRS. MARY TAYLOR, ji 6— 3t* on 14th street near Mayo's Bridge STEAiYI ENGINE AND SAW MILL FOR SALE.—I have for sale, a second-hand Stationary Engine, ot 13 horse power in good or der, with Circular Saw Mill attached, which wiU be fold low, if early application is made to Messrs. Burr 6i Ettenger, or to ine, at the Mill on T ucka hoe Creek, near C roup's fits, ja 6—2w ROBERT T. CROUCH. IHAVE FOK MALE, in store and to arrive, Licorice, mass and stick, of approved brands Olive Oil, in boxes and baskets Tooqua Beans, 1000 lbs choice Crushed Sugars, 100 barrels Coffee Sugars, 75 barrels "Stuart's'' C Steam Syrup, 5 hhds Manutac'd Tobacco, 40 boxes "Gregory" brand ja6—3t DAVID J. BURR. FiitssT KATK HEAJISTKES* AND LA DIES MAID FOR HIRE.—We have for hire, a first rate seamstress and ladies maid. She is a very genteel servant and of excellent character PHILLIP M. TABB & SON, Office on Governor street, ja 6—3t Between Main and Franklin streets. SLAVE insurance:— Tne National Sale ty Life Insurance Company; Charter Perpetu al; Capita l , $'.£50,000. This company otters the greatest inducement and advantages to Farmers, Traders and owners of slave* geueially, in regard to Lite Insurance. Slaves are insured for a period of from one to seven years, upon reasonable terms. Pamphlets and Circulars containing full particulars, will be furnished gratis, on application to C. R. BRICKEN, M. D, Agent and Medical Examiner, Office in Lisle's Row, 14ih street, next to Messrs l'oler Al Cook, Richmond. Va. ja 6—3t* ICii.HUNU BLILDiNU HI.MU lull- PANY—ANNUAL MEETING—The first an nual Meeting of this Company will take place this evening, January 6tb, at 7 o'clock, in the room next door to the Richmond Times Office, opposite the Excnange Bank, up stairs It is very important that every share holder be present, as the officers tor the present year are to be elected and other matters of int res wi 1 be a:ted upon ja 6—lt B. W. KNOWLE?, Secretary. rrUBAlt'U BOX -flAKlNt;.—lre adver- X tiser, who has an assistant, is desirous to ob tain a situation in some Tobacca Factory as Tobac co Box maker. He thoroughly understands the business Address A. G. Blaukenship, at Mr. Pros ser's Grocery, on Union Hill. ja 6—it* WANTED TO HUNT A no use con taioing from 4 to 5 rooms and a kitchen at taefled, witiiin 5 or 10 minutes ws k of the Ex change Hotel. Apply to EDWARD D. EACHO, ja 6 General Ag>?nt and Collector. FOB MA i.K UK KENT —A wood bui.d ing on Cary street, adjoining the factory of Messrs. Talbot. Apply to ja 6—2t DAVENPORT. ALLEN &. CO. fOlt KENT.— f'ne ilesiranie dwelling Mia House situated on 4tb, between Franklin and Grsic streets, con aining six rdfcrns and a good oaseuient. Possession given immed.aielv For term' apply to NOTT &. BEVILL. js 6—til* CHANCE TO OBTAIN CUKAf GOODS—TO THfc. PUBLIC GENERALLY. As I have determined to sell my entire stock of Winter Goods at cost, 1 would call the attention of the ladi«s and the public generally, to my assort ment of Silks, Delaues, Mennoes, Alpaceas, Flan nels, Blankets, Hhawls, Kerseys, and a large as sortment t..t Maffa, and a great variety of other Goods, too numerous to mention MOARIS W ROSE, ja 6—2 a -£J fc.-i.ad street. LOCAL MATTERS. City R*r««r*—The Committee of Finance hare prepared aewal Important financial report, and ordinance* which will be submitted by their chairman, Mr. Robinson, to the Council at their next regular meeting ot Monday next. We ha*e only room. to-day, for the following report as to a •inking fund and the necessity of raising mjre re venue: The Committee of Finance respectfully report, that under to* Charter of the City, like in this re. spect to the Constitution of the ritate, there is to oe set apart annually, from the accruing revenues ol toe City, a sinking fund, to-wit: under the 4(th sec tion ct the Charter a sum equal to seven per cent, of the City debt existing when that charter com rnecced, and under the 48th section, whenever aiier the commencement ol the charter there is con traded by tbe City a debt not payable within the next tweive months, a sum exceeding by one per C6ut. the aggregate amount ot the annual interest agreed to oe paid thereon at the time of its con traction. . „ Seven percent, is thus to be set apart annualfy on the debt ol rilty thousand dollars, to be con tracted by the City on account of the recent »üb scription to the stock of the Richmond and Dan ville Railroad Company, ss well as on the whole City debt existing when the charter commenced, and on any other debt contracted since, which may not be payable wiliiin the next twelve months. The seven per cent, ou the whole debt which has been mentioned, is be set apart annually from the accruing revenues of the City. And in the nature ot thingi, to enabie this to be done, there must be raised a revenue sufficient for the purpose every year after paying thereout whatever else is required within such year tor other purposes than the le demotion of the priucipal ot the certificates cf per* nascent debt. . In our report, made to the Council on the 4th ot June, 1852, we pointed (At that according to the Chamberlain's estimates the disbursements for the present fiscal year, even without any further appro priations, would exceed the income; and we know that since those estimates there have been further appropriations which will increase the deficiency. la that report we expressed the opinion that it was necessai y, on the one hand, to practise in creased circumspection in regard to the objects and the amonnts of appropriations, and on tbe other hand, to take measures to enlarge the City's in come. Then we remarked thxt in respect to many sub jects of taxation, it might be too late " to act in time tor the taxes this year." Now, that we are entering upou a new year, for which taxes are to be as sessed, we think the time has arrived when such taxes should be laid as will produce sufficient re venue. The Committee have come to the following reso lution: Resolced, That the Council should pass ordi nances establishing the sinking fund, required by the charter, and providing a revenue in each ensu ing hscai year sufficient to enable such sinking <und to be set up art, as well as to pay whatever else is required within such year tor other purposes lhan tbe redemption of the principal of the ceititic&tes of permanent debt. Also, an ordinance changing the sums to be paid by Auctioneers at tha time of obtaining their li cense. Be it ordained by the Council of the City of Rich mond, that where there thall be authorized by the Council any such license as is mentioned in the se cocd section of the ordinance passed January 13th, 1851, concerning the taxes upon licenses to auc tiouers and upon their sales, there shall be paid, in lieu of the sums mentioned in that section, titty dol lars if it be a special license to sell only stock, bonds or certificates; one hundred and titty dollars if it be a special license to sell real estate only; one hundred and fifty dollars if it be a special license to sail sieves only; one hundred and fifty dollars if it be a special license to sell other thifigs than real estate or slaves; and two hundred dollars if it be a general license to sell any estate, real or personal; and such bond as is given by a person obtaining a special license to sell real estate or slaves shall bs given by a person obtaining a special license to sell other things than real estate or slaves. Continued —The continued case ot Richard Skahn, charged with aiding in an outrageous as sault upon the person of James D. Cain, at Cain's house, on the evening of the 27th ult., came up be fore the Mayor yesterday. Br Jackson, Mr C.'s physician, stated that his patient had been recover, ing from hiß wounds—he was severely beaten and stabbed—up to yesterday, but that sine, last even ing a very unfavorable change had taken place, and his situation was dangerous. At the request of Mr Carrington, counsel for the accused, who stated that he couid prove, that Skahn was not present on the evening of the assault. Air Cain's daughter, Mary Cain, was examined, and identified the prl soner as one of a large party who knocked her father down and stabbed him. She saw the prison er ki«k her father, but did not know whether he inflicted the stabs. She also said that Skahn k : cked her very severely several times while she wa3 en deavoring to protect her father. The son of Mr Cain, Michael Cain, who was also beaten while seeking to protect his father, was examined, but could not identify the prisoner as one of the as saulting party. There being a witness, said to be very important for the commonwealth, absent, the Mayor issued a summons, requiring his tttendance, and adjourned the further examination over until to-day. Discharged.—The continued case of Riberia Scott Fleet, a negro drayman, slave to Robert Sloth, charged with stealing a half keg of lard of the value of $15, from Hiram W. Tyler, and leaving it at the it->re of Benedict Massie, which we stated in Tues" day's paper, was first adjudicated by the Mayor, and then the judgment rescinded on promise of r.ew evidence that would alter the facts in the case— came up yesterday upon its second examination.— It was proven, from the evidence adduced, that the negro took the lard to the store of Mr Massie, who, believing that it was a purchase of his partner's received it and paid the drayage on it. He did not think, judging from the negro's manner, but that Mr Tyler had sent the lard. Mr Tyler had not sent it however, although Scott d clares that the lard was given him by Mr Dawes, Mr T.'s clerk. Scott baa always borne an irreproachable character, and the Mayor, alter hearing the new evidence adduced, discharged him with the caution in future to receive a ticket when receiving and delivering goods frcm his dray. Whipped.—The continued case of Henry Gr<en, slave to Edward Niedt, charged with trespassing on the premises of Mr. Thomas Barnes, Sunday evening last, came up before his Honor, yesterday, and, upon examination,it being proved that he was drunk and cisorderly at the time and received a se vere blow over the eye with a shovel in the hands of his wife, while endeavoring to assault her, he was ordered ten laches Pooa Trpo —A stranger, from New York, who stated that hia name was Benjamin Tilford, and th*t he was a printer, just in town, became intoxicated, J'uesday evening last, anc lay down to repose his weary limbs in a deep mud puddle. He was kind iy provided with lodgings by the watch, and yes' terday his Honor, after giving Tilford some fatherly advice, discharged him. Embezzling --A free negro named James Ellis alias Reeks, in the month of November last, was sold tor jail fees, and hired by Mr Baptist, baker, to drive a bread wagon. On the 29th of November he ran away from Mr. B. aud commenced colleci ing the bills far bread; among them one for two or three dollars on a Mr. Bohannan Yesterday the Mayor punished Ellis, for nit rascality, with 3» lasttes. Without a Pass.—i.h.tn Howell, slave toMi;a F. E. Forsytb, was arrested Tuesday evening in default oi a pass, and yesterday, was discharged with an admonition. Discharged.- Robert fox, anested with papers out of date, on yesterday was ordered to procure a new register, and w»s di-cht't ei. H*nb!co Countv Cit* r -s u of thl« court h"'d yeeterd »y. Mr*. Sinclax* —On Tu«*d«y evening, this 1 tiy (die tote Mr*. Forrwt) represented " Thn Lady of Lyon*," at the Theatre, to • tolerably fall audience, tbe weather being unfavorable for m tancmt Gen» rally, the character was finely executed, while in totne part* «be wu deficient hi animation, and in some icenea did not exhibit aa high a degree of emotion as proper representation and effect de manded. A handsome person, moving with ease, grace and dignity on the stage, her Appearance is always pleading to the eye, independently of any attractions of acting. On this occasion, she was well sustained by the exeellent company now at tbe Theatre. Runawat —In thepsper ol Tuesday we reported the case of Peter Morgan, slave to Thomas Jeff<jr ton, of Lunenburg county, who was arrested in de fault of a pass, near tne Tredegar Iron Works. Morgan, who was committed as a runaway, statfd that another negro named Washington Frick, also belonging to Mr Jefferson, came with hirn from Lunenburg. Tuesday evening Frick was arrested without a pars, and after giving several contradic. Tory statements of his line of travel during the iast few months, yesterday he was committed as a runaway. Good New 3 fob the Musical People—We are authorized fo eay, that the great violinist, Ole Bull, will be in this city next week. He will be as sisUfci by Strakosch and ;Madame strakosch, (Ama lia Patti) both great favorites here. Signorina Ade lica Patti, of wide-spread reputation, will also beo* the pa!ty. This is a treat indeed. Postponed.—Owing to some misunderstanding in regard to the use of Odd Fellows Hal:, the Jenny Lind Minstiels did not play at that place last even ing. They will give due notice when the hall is permanently secured Conceet. —Madame Louis' second and last mu sical tntertainment will take place at Odd Fellow's Hall this evening. Proteasor Louis will assist upon the piano and mel--pion. Discharged.—Lewis Allen,a free negro, arrest ed in default of a register, was discharged yester day ou promising to procure one at the next term of the Hustinga l Court. Fined.—Three several tines lyere imposed for violations of city ordinances. Receipts from fines during the quarter ending December 31—8268. W* have on pur table, a copy of "Minifie's Mecnanical Drawing Book for self instruction," fr«m the Book Emporium of Mr. L. L- Smith, op posite the American Hotel. Tug Weathee—Fair and pleasant above ; foul and disagreeable under foot. METEOROLOGY. Extract from a Meteorological Journal kept by Mr. D. Turnet. at his school rooms. MEAN TEMPERATURE OF THE MONTHS. I July. I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov j Dec. I M'ns. 80« 9 76° 5 70° 6 60« 1 47° 3 36<> 7 62° 0 76° 8 I 71° 8 | 66° 5 | 61° 1 j 45° 6 | 45° 6 | 61* AMOUNT OK RAIN IN INCHES. » I July, j Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Not. I Dec. | Sums 2.451 11.11 I .76 J 1.71 1.99 1.64 19.7 4.72 J 8.23 j 2.11 | 3.431 5.29 1 5.48 ) 29.3 FORCE OF VAPOR. M'llS. 18521 IZ7 | 16.7 I 16.4 I .10 | 6.3 | 6.7 | 11.4 RELATIVE HUMIDITY. M'ns. 1852 | 64 | 74 | 84 | 74 | 77.1 | 82.0 | 75.8 Novevner. i»o2. Barometer: ean, 29.859 inches; maximum, 30.329; minimum, 29.261; range, 1.068. Thermometer: Mean, 4o" 6; maximum, 76° 6; mini mum, 24* 5; range, 52° 1. Heavy Rains : On the 6th and 7th, 1.71 inches ; on the 25th and 26th, 1.91. A slight Earthquake on the 2d, 35 minutes past 8 o'clock, P. M. The vibrations were vertical. Dea mber, lpaa. Barometer: Mean, 29.922 inches ; maximum, 30.458; minimum, 29.459; range, .999. Thermometer: Mean, 45° 6; maximum,' 65°; mini mum, 29" 3; range, 35° 7. Heavy Rains: On the 3d, 1.13 inches; on the 1 ltJj, .89; on the 16th and 17th, 1.77; from the 25th to the 291! i, 1.17 There were 16 rainy days in the month. Prevailing winds S. West and N. East. The Mean Temperature of the year ending November 30th, 18.51, 60° 5: amount of rain for the same time, 43.95 inches. Mean Temperature of the yeareuding November 30th, 1852, 56° 4: amount of rain for the same time, 41.94 inches. (3** We would call the attention ef the Public to tne advertisement of W. A Powell, Esq., Archi tect and Civil Engineer, to the superior advantages held out by him. Tuose about building should cull on Mr. P. and employ his services—by so doing they wili save themseives much time and an unne cessary outlay of money. * AUCTION. —iaroceries, Kruit, »Oa »fcc., THIS MORNING, by ja 6 DAVENPOK.T, ALLEN a. CO., AucU. — Auction >otice.—Attention is sonc ®S«Ba iteu t; our sale, at 10 o clock 'IHld MORNING, of Bacon, &c. ja ti A NOTT &. CO. Aucls T :ie N u t e s of the ""People's Wv-Si Bank," Washington, wtil be redeemed in Virginia money by ja 6—ts BENNETT fc BEERS. Thomas ti. (irethnw, Broad street, is furnishing Newspaper*, Muga zines and Periodicals, cheaper than any one else in the city He is Agent for all the Foreigu and Ameri can Periodicals and Newspaper*. Books, Annuals, fcc, at ccst. Don't forget the old established House. Call uo ja 3 UK. it. KiDDKKTAVL.UK has removed his Office and residence to the house at the corner of ath and Main sts., opposite Kogers' Stone Yard no s—Maid* "i Specie Wanted. —We win pay me highest premium for silver coin. Quar ters and small chauge preferred, no 9 C W PURCELL 4z CO. Chunjje of Hours. —increased Kate of Hpeed.—See what Adans 6l Co. are doing for their patrons ! The Kxpreis now leaves Baltimore at 7 o clock P M, in charge of ex perienced and trusty agents, and arrives in Rich mond at 5)» AM. Goods ordered by this morn ing's mail, will be delivered to-morrow morning without fail. Out Express for the North, East and West, now closes at M—arrives in Baltimore at an early hour next morning. Banks and Brokers will please take notice, that by this change they will oe greatly accommodated. Drafts on England, Ireland am Scotland tor sale at this office. ADAMS & CO, no S 14th street, Richmond Va. B. W. Si'ARKt, Attorney at Law and Notary Public.—Practices in all the Courts ot Henrico County and Richmond city. As a Notary i'ublic, particular attention will be paid to the taking of Depositions, (in or out of bs« office) Proof and Acknowledgements of Deeds, Relinquishments of Dower, 4c. Ciaiuis for collec tion entrusted to him, promptly attended to. Office lemoved to No -Vj three doors above City Hotel, on North side ot Main street, Richmond Va de *2—ly ' V A ATTKNTI ON, iUCH. MuNU LKiU l*l)riAiiUoNri &MT& Parade in trout of the City Halt °»> Saturday next, the Bth ' D>c ' bt 10 oc ' oc ' t A M, iully equipped, armi in order lor iu ■Hnar By order of your Captain. _ J« " GEOKGK, O. rt. kl ATTENTION I ALIUOMAA «iUAKt>- |Q arade at Lafayette Hall, on Haturduy morning, 1114 th !»«t, precisely at 10 o'clock Arm* la order for impection. By order of Capt Caakie. j< S-3t W. A. ittVINK, O. 8. LOOT. —On 29th Uec, between 4th aud Mar shall sts. and Manchester, an Oval Breast* pin, set w ilh hair. 'I he finder will be liberaiiy re warded by leaving it at this '.ffice- ja 6—X* I OUT— One Land IVariast to.' e> auras, * wlr.ch was issued to Mrs Kebecca Walker. The tiudcr wiU be literally rewarded by leaving the same with ROBERT KINli, ja 6—at* On Wall street. LOST, <u tfce 4U io.uui, ou jsttojaoo UHJ, a I'uteut l*evtr Mlver Watch, with iK-el chain anil ima!l gold aea) and at 'el kry. Th« finder will conltir a particular ti»vor 03 tau > wq»m t>y itav lit* it at th a o fee, and w U t« auitabiy rewaidru if required. >C—lr Fumn' Baak mt Virginia, / JAjrcjir, sth. i 853. ( THE PREBIDEWT and Director* of the Farmers' Bank of Virginia have declared a divided of foar and a quarter per cent oot of the profits f or the last fix mootha, aabject to a deduction of a of one per eent bonn* to the State, payable to the stockholder* on the 15th in*t ja 6—lOt J. A. SMITH. Ca*ri<»\ B~~ANH. OF Vim.iSM.-lM Director* of the Bank of Virginia hare deelaTni a dividend of four and a quarter per cent out of ti>» profit* of the Bank for the last six month?, «übi»<» to the deduction of i per cent bona* to the f t*t« which leave* four per cent, or $1 vo prr * parable to the itockholder* jn the 15th iust ja 6—2w SAM'L MARX. <:a<h'«- '110 THK PL'BI-il.—l arail myselt of JL favorable opportunity to express aty thonJ! for the liberal patronage and encourazern'rit I have received in my prole*ti,n tince mv resid-n-. in tbi* city ; and b»ing poaa<>«»ed of superior la tie* for continuing the piacL'ce of my profe**;- would respec'.fully inrite the attecti jn of the u ,i' lis generally to the fallowing: * I will make design* and lull-size detai'* (of» 7( , ry portion oi the design) for every clao, ,f buiidm# i the different styles oi Architecture, »uo«riEieDd ing the building to completion ; end wi'.T draw n ail the contracts, agreements, and ma!s4|>itißia of every part relative l;eeo And iu,-fh<. r , EO ,? auy dfs'gti made and superintended by toe i w> guarantee it not to exceed the * a m detuned and specified to cost at its completion. Tne rr an- . experience :n every branch of my proiwi enab.e me to do justice to all who may favor ie. with their patronage, preventing loss ot time aid the accumulation ot unnecessary expense en-. tuem a structure for the amount narnei of beauty and all the desirable conveniences * ranaement in plan and detail required tomu«.. t -V editica perfect. At this season of the year, these desirous if 1 a ing and improving their residences atdhuuiw" should have their plans and desigus prepared „ r a contracts made, so as to commence upera'icin early in the spring—an all important rnatte.- Tne numerous designs made by m<» -rected arh now being erected and completed in this ci;v til State, and several ot the Southern States h» seen at my effiee, and will clearly demonstrate the advantage and economy of emp ojing the serrieea ot an Architect, no matter how inferior the ture may be on which bis skill is to !)<■ tro- e h' n " to requisition. I would name a few of zr.y designs which t 9 completed, and now in the course of cotr.oietion in Richmond: ' The New Market for the city of.Richmond The Porticos, and other architectural teatu.e* n the exterior, interior, and accent thereto, to \< r Jau.es Tbomae, jr'a new retiuence on the turner of Grace and 2d streets. The fronts of Dr James Bolton's two houses od Grace street, between 3d and 4th streets. Dr J G VVayt's house, on Main stre»*f. between 9th and 10th tt.eeU. Ihe Architectural Screen to the Ladie«'Cordor iu the Exchange Hotel. TtiesiX new douses on the corner of Mayo and Broad streets, for Robert VV Hughes, hjq. SlrJohri M Royali's Italian Villa, oti ij*k Lawc near Richmond. Tiie extension of Messrs Hubbard X Gardner's establishment, No ill Main street Residence in the Italian style of Architecture for Mr J H Kustace, jr, on 7th street, norta ot !.>• gh. * Extension and improvements of Mr r. J Crump's refidence, corner of Leigh and 2d etreets Two city houses in the Grecian, Italic: style cl Aichitecture, for Isaac Davenport, EUq. corner ol Main and Adams streets, and several otters &c,4tc. Designs made for every purpjae connected w th my profession, all on reasonable terms, at my of fice, opposite the office of the James Hive, hud Ka nawha Company, two dcors from Main, on iith street. VV. A. POWELL, ja 6 —£t Architect aoc< Civil Engineer. THE Pt'BLHJ I—GkAnD tit: *V Vlak'S . PRESENT !— NO HUMBUG.—We wish to sbow to th« public that they can rely upon every thing done at the store of S. P. Mountain Jc CtS., whether in the way of making, repairing, or selling Jewelry, clocks, watches, perfumery an t fancy ar ticles at the lowest prices iu the city, or ol making libera! new year's presents, let every boiy mskea trial and come and buy some of those cheap arti cles at our store. Read the following letter from the gentleman who received the beautiful watch: Messrs. SP. Mountain Co., Dear Sirs—Accept my thanks for handsome present, :n the shape of a beautiful, tine Gold Watch, receive J iu accord ance with the terms of your advertisement, and I hope that the liberality extended to the public pre vious to the holidays, and the low prices ol your goods will be properly appreciated ani handsomely encouraged by the inhabitants of Richmond ami vi cinity. The fair and impartial manuer ;n whxh the drawinging was conducted, as I understand irom tnoss who were present, and the promptness with which the articles were given to the lucky ones is a sufficient guarantee that the confidence of the public was not misplaced. Wishing you all the success possible in your business, I euoscr.be raj self Yours respectfully, S. STERN, Richmond, Jan 4th, 1553 10, Main street N B—Watches and clocks repaired by one cf toe best workmen in the country, and warranted. Juw • elry made and repaired in the neatest minner, «m! satlstactioQ warranted, at the lowest puces. fJont forget the place S. P. MOUNTAIN 4 CO, ja 6 —at* 217 Main, betweeu 9th an'i 10th »u 'I> II K !■» HA D E !"». — Ine eubacrtoer Having A leased the above mentioned House, locajud on 12th street, betweeu Main ana Cary street, acd titled it up inelegant styl*—will open TtllS EVE NING, at 10 o'clock, P M, with a free Snack, to which he invites his friends and the public gene rally. He will always keep ou haud, the bes: ot Ales, Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Snac»a served at the shortest notice in the bust style. ja 6 —It* GEORGE FNSBURY. IYON'S KATHAI UUA, FOR Pk fc i SERVING, RESTOKING AMI) BEAUIIFY ING THE HAIR— The Kathairon neutralizes the effects of Distase, Climate and old age, in restor ing the human hair, and alter a baldness of 12 years; cleanses the head fioin Dautlru:! and its natural impurities; will cure the Nervous Head ache, diseases of the skin, such as Scald Head, Erysipelas, Ac; and is the most desirable Toilet Article for Ladies'or Gentlemen's use, in the world. It exhales the pertume of the most deli cious ti jwi i s and being free from rancid oil or col oring properties, gives the hair that sott, -ioh, curl ing appearance obtained by no other preparation. The. use of the Kathairon is adopted ay me first Physicians in Europe and America. and has a sale and patronage unprecedented in the bis:ory ot tne Materia Medicu. Words alone are superfluous; a tual only can attest Us real virtue, as its million triends will certify To be had of all dealers through jut North and South America, Europe, and the Is.ands ol the Ocean, in large bottles, for clu. The old cauuot apply a remedy, or the young take caution too soon. Use tho Katnairou. E. THOMAS LYON, f heiniet, lblßrOfcilway New Yore Sold i n Richmond by AD;*. & GKAY, ja ti—6m 147 Main street AUKKLI YVO.UAN A.NO TH'U CHIL DREN FOR «4LE —Will be sold «t Ihe Auc tion Hjuseot N B &. C B Hill, on Satardsy, the Bth inst, at 10 o'clock, a lixeiy n<*gro wooisa and two cniidren, belonging to tne e»t*te j! K *Vsd deil, deceased. K. T. IjBELL, J a 6—td Administrator NC.W CHOP N.O. .UOLASSHs-iiObM. ol prime quality, in store and tor sale by ja 6-<h TINaLEY & KRYaST. SL'GAH.— M ftcds Porto Kjco, ot p me qua.ny, in store and for sale by j* 6—6t TiNSLKY k BRYANI' Lfc.AU FvJtt MKHI.tNTii<K USE.— Prepared espreasly for the use ot Book- Keepers, Clerks, and for Mercantile »no:.g , a su perior article- for sale by NAsH X. WOOf HOUSE, _ja6 Kyi'- i»-e H'lNTlilt KKO.U HO-\lb..-Jsu No uar- IT pur's, Godey, Graham, Putnam and ctner Magazines Now is the time to subsc ruia. No 10 Dickens' Bleak Hous> American Almanac lei J a Winter from Home Turkey and tne Turki, or Trave.s in Tiwitey,. dercti->ing Constantinople, the Royal Kami yol Turkey, character ol toe Turks, Uio Sultan s iia rem, Seraglio. Point and Goldt n Horn, Library ol the Seraglio, the Throne, the Metropolitan, il *S ■**» customs in Constantinople, the Buaphotus, the Dardanelles. Smyrna, Cyprus, Rhodes, Ac, with i.iustrationK, by Jerque V V Smith, M. D. tor sale by ja 8 J W KAN DO PH. CMJOftK's DKAkti.lt. JiNlt KS.- * Another supply ol tb iw extra qua'::) Cooper • bent Dtawiug Knives, together wan a general «s --aorUnt ut ->l Con pei's Tools, of the lines! quality *•»» Hui.h, now opeta and f.»r tale by C J. SINToN A CO. jab Sitfii of the Circular Saw, 71 M«'«st- CUAI. urrcet, lot »•!« by j«t> DAVtNhCKT, ALLt'W 4 Ca