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THE DAILY DISPATCH.
EljtimrnH cotcbliwi aiomMOWP^* 1 ' IttoM.v J"— Iggj; THE TURKISH QUESTION. La Presse, edited bv Etnile G.r.fd.o, die u j m..ilties with which Russia cusses the difficulties would have to contend in .» of Tur fcey taking it for panted that England and Fuoce .re <o lake sides with the weaker pow. I and that in such an event, the Czar may not be'willing -o risk his fleets M -«elI .«* . a fo, Bidable naval confederacy. He says "She must then prefer an expedition by land . ,coc and 1829. But here an important £io« if""' noticed. In 1828, Russia, ad «ncine on Adrianople, was acting in harmony w"b F«nce, England and Pruss.s I. 1853 Russia, marching on Consiantinople, would do 80 in opposition 10 Fiance and Luglanci.— Can we doubt that the support of these pow ers would double the courage of the Turkish army anl the force of the Mussulman popula tions T Constantinople has barracks which may rival the finest of those of France or Russia. Two of them, situated in the envi rons of the capital, are really entrenched camps, and capable of sheltering an entire ar uiv. One of ihese two barracks is called Daoud Pacha, ihe other Dimis Tchifflich. It was in the latter that, during the late war in 1829, the Sultan planted his standard and announced his resolution to burv himself beneath the ru ins of his empire. The military asenal called Topkhana, contains a manufactory of arms.— The ramparts which surround the city consist of a double wall with fosses and lowers capa ble of a formidable dtfence. If the Bosphorus presents an opening at which a Russian fl?et may arrive from the Crimea in 48 hours, the fortifications raised at the entrance of the Bos phorus, among which the fort ol Roumilly Hissar is distinguished, render Ihe entrance of the fleet both difficult and perilous, and the coast offers no favorable spot for effecting a disembarkation. The nearness of Constan tinople would make it easy to send a force to resist an attempt by land, during which we cannot suppose that Ihe fleets of France and Russia would be idle." Invasion from the Crimea, with France and England opposed to the project, is clearly out of the question. Let us see what M. Girardin thinks of the alternative : "As soon as we assume the combined inter vention of the French and English fleets, we must give up the hypothesis of an attempted landing at the entrance of the Bosphorus, and limit ourselves to that ofa new occupation of Adrianople, as in 1829. The city of Adriano pie has a population of 100,000, a citadel, end an arsenal. From Adrianople to Constantino ple the distance is 170 kilometres, or 42 leagues; but a Russian regiment, destined to a long march, cannot accomplish more than 20 kilometres per diem, marching two days and restinz on the third, without increasing the risk of having to leave a number of men on the road. The Russian soldier is fed on hard black bread, and oarries on his back a consid erable weight in arms, ammunition and equip ments. The official report of the campaign in 1828 '29, shows that the Russian army lost one hundred and fifty thousand men from fa' tigue and sickness alone. In 1828 the Russians passed the frontier to the number of 163,000. For several weeks all their efforts failed before the small fortress of Brailow. The Emperor Nicholas scarcely succeeded in defeating the enemy at Boulan louch. The siege of Varna lasted nine weeks, and at last it was bought of Joussouf, its com mandant, with gold. Joussouf retired to Rus sia, and there lives on a pension. It is true that the Russians repulsed the Turks at Tehorlan and Shumla, but without defeating them, notwithstanding the enormous sacrifices which they made there. The succeeding cam paign was commenced under Diebiicb; Rechid Pacha only had 30,000 irregular troops, and 6000 vagabonds. At Bazar Yeni, the demor alised Ottoman army gave way almost without combat, but at Koutcfcka made a vigorous re sisttnce, and little was wanting to turn the balance of fortune in their favor. It was then that Diebitch advanced on and occupied Adri= anople. Yielding to the influence of England, the Divan asked for peace. Would Turkey follow the same course in 1853, having the support of France and England ? But it is a! ready too late to undertake a war, for at the end of May forage fails completely in the prin cipalities, and en the banks of the Pruth." The circumstances under which the ap proaching war will be commenced, render it altogether different, in every possible aspect, from the war of 1828 It will be recollected that at that period Turkey had engaged in a war of the bloodiest and most desperate char acter, with the Greeks, for eight years. Her Strength had not only been exhausted by that war, but her nary had been dejtroyed-by the fatal battle ofNavarino, which took place on the 28th of October of the preceding year.— The sympathies of all chrUtendem were against Turkey, on account of the bloody mas sacres, and outrages bf every description, which she had perpetrated against the Greeks. Russia appeared, on that occasion, as the aven ger of the wrongs of Greece, and the champion in some degree, of the christian world. Her cunning diplomacy had first succeeded in in ducing France and England to assist hei in destroying one great obstacle to her ambition, the Turkish fleet, and it now placed her in the attitude of a christian champion. How little she deserved such an epithet, and how slen der were her sympathies with the cause of Grecian freedom, subsequent events have suf ficiently proved. She was enabled, neverthe- less, to wear the mask, and it suited her de signs admirably. She had all the christian nations on her side, and, of course, all the moral influence which such an unanimity of good wishes can confer. It is very different now. The Greek church is not pressed—the Greek subjects of the Sul tan, priests and laymen, prefer to live under Turkish rule. The Sultan voluntarily offers greater privileges than the Czar has attempted !• extort, fhe christian world is therefore against the Czar. Fighting Turkey singly, we have no doubt ha would find it a much tougher job to reach Constantinople than he did to reach Adrianople: but with France and Eng land in front, and Poland in the rear, we see not what he can expect in a trial of strength. We have sometimes been asked bv our friends, why we are so hostile to the designs of Rossis, which has always been our steadfast friend T The answer is very easy. It is true that Russia has been our best friend in Europe, and when, some time ago, an editor of a distin guished political journal stated the fact, we wore amazed at the excitement it created.— That editor said, very truly, that Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Adams and Jackson, bad all assiduoualy cultivated the friendship of *hat great power, and proved hia statement by an abundant citation from public documents. He might have gona even farther than he did, and have .aid that the Emperor Alexander M so smitten with admiration of this country and its institutions, as to assure (he American Envoy, Levitt Harris, that if he had not been born an Emperor, he would assuredly have been a Democrat. He might have cited the memorable interview of the American negotia* tors for peace with Alexander, in London, in 1814, on the very day on which the magnificent banquet, offered to the Allied sovereigns after the overthrow of Napoleon, look place. He might have told those who were disposed to doubt, that on that occasion, though England was Russia's most powerful Ally, lie told the disheartened American Envoys, who had be come hopeless from the ill success of the pre vious campaign, not to be downcast, but to re sist manfully, and by resistance compel a peace, which could not otherwise be obtained. He might have said, that Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, Plattsburg and New Orleans—victory after victory, without a defeat—followed hard upon this counsel He might have said, that many years after, when Alexander wished to new-model his navy, he caused his minister to offer five thousand dollars salary to any lieu tenant who would enter it from the American navy. He might have shown that both Alex ander and Nicholas have always preferred American artizans and mechanics whenever they could get them. As Americans, then, speaking of Russia as Russia, we feel most kindly disposed towards her. We are glad to hear of every step which she makes in the ca reer of improvement. But here our regard stops. We cannot look with complacency on the Russian system of conquest —of reducing un der a government, the best probably for her semi-barbaric population, but most unsuited to highly civilized men, nations whose only offence has been their weakness. The extinc tion of a nationality we regard as the most enormous of political crimes, and as proper to rank with the extinction of the soul, were such a crime possible, in the moral world. When ever any nation attempts this, we delight to hear that it is defeated. Such is the object of Russia—her undisguised object—now. She would reduce under her own slavish yoke, not only the Turks, who are born slaves, but the wild free tribes that inhabit the mountains which, of old, protected the Greeks from the barbarians. We wish for her nothing but dis aster > and defeat, to Euch an unhallowed at tempt. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAM YACHT NORTH STAR IN ENGLAND. We announced some time since, that Com modore Vanderbilt, in his new steam yacht North Star, the most magnificent steamer in the world, was about to visit Europe on a trip of pleasure, carrying with him his family, u number of friends, and any number of servants, attaches, and good things in the eating and drinking line. In the New York llerald of the 17th, we find a letter from the Commodore an nouncing hi 3 arrival at Southampton, after a passage from pilot to pilot, often days, eight hours, and forty minutes. This is the quickest trip on record, and it was made in spite of the restraint placed by the Commodore on his en gineer, it not being his intention to put the ship to her speed, or to make what might be called a quick trip. He had determined, he said, to let her run at the rate of 250 miles in twenty four hours, and theengiaeer was instructed ac cordingly. In twenty Iwurs after he had been out, however, he found that she was making v:72 miles instead of 2SO, and as she moved along with perfect ease, and he found it would be troublesome to make her move slower, he determined to let her keep on. After having proceeded at this rate for six days, the party became so elated with the performance of the ship, and pressed so hard to let her have one day's fair run, that he could not find it in bis heart to refuse altogether. He therefore told the engineer that he might let her engines make fourieen and a half revolutions per mi. nute for the next twenty-four hours, taking care whenever she rated above fourteen and a half to shut the throttle valve, and bring her back to that. To his astonishment, he found that at the end of twenty-four hours, she had made 344 miles, a greater distance by thirty four miles, than was ever made from New York to Europe, according to Stuart's account of ocean steamers. From that time until he reached Sout'namp. ton, her throttle valve was never opened more than one third, and yet she made 300 miles with the greatest ease, consuming from thirty seven to forty tons of coal per diem. The appearance of this magnificent steamer in the English waters, with the laurels of Such an achievement still fresh, created an imirien3e excitement. There is not a daily, or, indeed, any other kind of paper, that does not spend a paragraph or two upon her, and for the time, Mrs. Stowe seems to be completely eclipsed.— We subjoin the remarks of the London Times: From the London Times, June 3. The American steam yacht North Star, came into the tidal basin of the Southampton dock 9 Wednesday, fiune lstj evening, and to-day has been thi objeet of general attention. Her appearßiice, construction, and equipment,*|ire« sent so many novel and curious features to English naval men, that many opinions have been expressed as to her merits. Most of the old fangled notions of builders of English ocean steamers are completely discarded in the North Star; and although it may be questiona ble whether the adoption oflso much of the principle of the American take and river boats into the uses of transatlantic steamships, as in the case of the North Star, is in the long run desireb|e, yet it is certain that this beautiful ship is in the highest degree worthy of atten tion, and that many points, particularly those in reference to her model and water lines, are eminently calculated to convey useful hints to builders and steamship owners on this side, who have been so repeatedly and thoroughly beaten in the great race of steam navigation going on between the British and American steamships. The external appearance of the North Star, from the absence of bowsprit and figure head, and the abrupt termination of the bow of the ship, which is quite perpendicular, is different from that of any of the English steamers, and is certainly foreign to the ordina rily received views of shipshape appearance on this side the water. Her model is, however, the perfection of nautical beauty, and gives promise of the highest speed at the least ex penditure of motive power. The public sre freely admitted on board, and the ship is exhi bited by the officers with the greatest courtesy. The fittings of the cabin are the especial theme of admiration of most of the visiters, and it is difficult to believe that any royal or imperial yacht could be supplied with greater luxuries or conveniences, or m ith greater taste and ele gance. With regard to the machinery, al though its excellence, in a mechanical point of view, is admitted by engineers, yet, as it sets Mide all preconceived notions as to the desira bility of working the cranks at a great eleva tion on deck on board ocean-going steamships, the English marina engineers seem hardly de posed to recommend the adoption of the prin ciple, foreseeing that much danger of damage and derangement ia hazarded by having ao much top bamper on deck in heavy weather. The rigging of t*e ahip ia very alight, and cornea hardly under the denomination of ''jury rig," the Ameiicana, in all ca»e§, truating to machinerv aa the ante propelling power, and lining soils merely for the purpose of steady ing the ahip in a seaway. HAMPTON AND THE STEAMBOAT LINE AGAIN. We have received a communication upon thia subject from a citizen of Hampton, which seems to have been called forth by the lale pa ragraphs touching it, which have been publish* ed in this paper. Our rule forbids us to pub lish communications, unless such aa contain news; but we take pleasure in laying before the public the substance of our correspon dent's representations. He says he has just conversed with a gentleman who knows every inch of the river shore from Hampton to Rich* mond, and who is convinced that there is as lit tle difficulty in approaching the wharf of the former place as any other between the two points. This alone ought to settje the ques tion we think, but in addition to this, Hampton is a very pretty and a very pleasant little town —has all the appliances of a first class water ing place—is furnished with three excellent hotels, fitted up with an especial view to that object—and is, in every respect, exactly such a place as would, if allowed the proper chance attract visiters in pursuit either of plea sure or health. We should suppose it would add smartly to the revenues of the company; at least, as it costs nothing, we cannot see why the experiment should not be made. The opening of an additional watering place, with three splendid hotels for the accommodation of visiters, surely cannot be a matter of indiffer ence to a steamboat line. Nor can it be to the interests of such to throw in the way the obstacles ql delay in landing and lta7ing, which, at present, exist to a most vexatious extent. There seems lo be a growing desire here to give Hampton a trial as well as Old Point, whenever visiters go to the sea shore. It would cost no more, and if fair play were given, we have no doubt most of those who went down would visit both. We think it not at ail doubtful that the bringing of Hampton into general notice would add great ly to the travel down the river, and we again venture to express the hope that the line will take the subject into their serious considera tion. They will lose nothing, and will com ply with a very general wish here, as well (so we learn) as in Petersburg. <srve little Hamp ton a fair shake by al! means. Late Publications.—"The "Illustrated Magazine of Art" for June is a beautiful num ber. it contains a great variety of wellexecu:- ed engravings and spirited sketches. We are happy to learn that this meritorious work has met with good success. Published by Alex ander Montgomery, 17 Spruce street, New York. ,j, The "Popular Ejfticator" is issued monthly by the same publisher. It contains lessons in the various departments of science, laid down in an attractive form, and is designed to aid the masses of the people in the work of self educa tion. Its arrangement is excellent. US' — TURTLE SOUi'.—The finest mnJfcxLstr Green Turtle received here (hisseason be served up THIS DAY, at 11 o'clock, at the ALHAMBKA, in Soup, Steaks and Fricaeses. Families supplied. je 20—It M THK (iRKATKST BARGAIN* £ir\ EVER OFFERED BEFORK IN THIS Err 3. CITY —Fine Gold Lever Watches for SMIVi3S, and warranted to perform well The subscriber has just returned from the North with tbe handsomest assortment of Watches ?nd Jew elry ever offered in this city, which he will sell for a very email profit. Those in want of the above articles will please call at E KERSEY'S, No 4, Main street, j ?20—Ot Nearly opposite the Old Market. f\j O Htf.nßUtJ !—Selling off our whjle stock i * of Goods, embracing Bereges, Lawns, Tissues, Grenadines, black Silks, Crape ard Berege Shawls, Ginghams, Calicoes, Glove*, black siikHiikts, face, Ladies', Gentlemen's and Children's Hose, Swiss and Cambric Edgings and Insertings, fine lace Hdkfs, Sleeves, Collars, Chemisettes, Laces, Ribbons, fii'd Swiss (or Dresses, and an endless variety of other Goods An early call is solicited, as the stock is very large, and the Goods must be sold before the first of August, when the store will be closed WECHSLER <fc COHEN, Corner of sth and Broad sts. Our store is open till 10 o'clock at night, je 23—ltn* M FOR RENT.—lntending to conduct the Regalia Business in another part of tbe city, I ofler for rent the store at present occupied by me, (* few doors from the Post Office, and next door to West 4 Brother's Bookstore.) I wi'il sell the Fixturesjlow to a good tenant. I am prepared to furnish Regalia and (Silver Jewels suitable for tbe different Orders snd So cieties ; also, Banners, U S Flags, and all the neces sary parspharnalia for Lodges, Tents, Divisions and Encampments All Regalia sold by me will be warranted to be of as fine materia! and workman ship, snd as low in price as any from Northern houses. ED. McDONALD. Particular attention will be paid to proper color and style in Lodge, Chapter and Encampment outfits. E. McD. je 20—ts ___ D£«lßAßli£ RBSXBKNCK FOR RENT—The present residence of Mr D U Picsering, situated atthe corner of Canal and 6th streets, containing every convenience tor the plea ssnt accommodation of a large family, and in per fect order. A superior COOK for hire, said to be a really valuasleservant—her preseat hirer declining house keeping. Apply to je 23—3t J M TAYLOR A GENTLEMAN ANI) illS LADY can be accommodated with a handsomely famished Room and Board, in a small private family. Also, four tingle Gaatlemeu. Location very desirable— within ten minutes walk of the Capitoi. Enquire at this office. je 20—lw NOTICE.— AH persons Indebted to the Esta:e ol the late Taomas Cowles. deceased, are requested to come forward and make payment, and all persons having claims against said Estate, will present them properly authenticated for settle ment THOS. W. DOSWeLL, Sheriff of the City of Richmond, and Administrator with the will annexed, of Jp2o—l w Thos. Cowlas, deceased. LOST, on Tburtday nignt, in the Capitol Square, or between it and 3rd street, in Broad street, a Hair Bracelet, with the following let ters engraved on the gold clasp, S. R. B. to J. E. N. The finder by leaving the same at Messrs Mitchell A Tyler's will receive a suitable reward. je 20—It* Meal,, MEAL.—MeaI ot the beat quality always for sale at the new Corn Mill, Just be low the Rich muni tod Pete n burg Railroad Depot, je 20—It* CHARLES S. WATKIMcf. r U 'ißßli,—Dressed Flooring al waya for sale at 1J the Richmond Plaalsg Mills ; also, a few thousand feet of inch and a half and two isoh Plank, tongued and grooved Also, 4000 feet inch Plank, dreaaed on both sides. Je 20—It* CHARLES a. WATKIHB. 1 C HUBS. DRY BRIGHT HALT L J MORE SIDES, small size 20 tierces Baltimore llama 5 do Queen City do 10,000 lbs N Carolina flog round Bacon Just receded, for sale by je 20 JOHN WOMBLE * CO. LOCAL MATTERS. CITY council-deferred proceedings. We annex the conclndlng proceeding! at the meeting of the City Council Friday evening. Richmond Fib* Association —At a meeting of the Committee of Fioance at the Chamberlain'* office, 16th June, 1853—preient, Menrt. Ander (on, Hill, and McCance— that portion of report of the eommlttce of the Slat May, referring to the me mortal ot R. M. Burton, Principal Engtneer of tbe Fire Association, which wis referred back to the committee for further information, by tbe Council, at tbe regular met ting on the 13th instant, was dulv considered, and the committee prepared the following report, which waa presented to the Council by Mr. McCance, ana unanimously con curred in: Tbe committee report that on the 15th Inst., the Chairman sddressed • communication to tbe principal Engineer, askiug information on aeveral which waa responded to by him, and the Preaideut of the Richmond tire Association on the ltiih inst, Dy a printed statement, in answer to tbe firfet and second queries, (they related to the ap pointment of officers of the department and their salaries and semi-annual repotU from the Engineer to the Council;) and by a written statement pre pared by order ot tbe President of tbe K. F. A. showing the receipts and disbursements of the Fire Department for three years, from March Ist, 1850 to Match Ist, 1853. A synopsis of tbe stile in j nt, shows total receipts from appropriations by thecity <(7,494—1 torn the Mutual Assurance Society and irom tines $1,319 50—"ggregate, $11,- 833 50. Total disbursements for repairs of appa ratus, purchase of new hose and engines, keeping apparatus in order, pay ot hands attachfd to the different companies, firemen's expanses, refresh meets, hats and uniforms, salaries ot Principal Engineer and Secretary, advertising, printing no tiers and stationary; making an aggregate amount ot 814,775 48, leaving a deficiency for three years, of $2,941 £8 which has been paid by the Richmond Fire Association In addition to the above amount paid by the R F A. it was stated by the President and principal Engineer, that expenditures amounting to about $600, were due, and that the association proposed soon to add a new fire engine and reel to the lire apparatus of the city. With tbe printed and writ ten statements and verbal information furnished by tbe President and principal Engineer, the com mittee concur in recommending tbe council to adopt the following resolution: Unsolved, That the Chamberlain be authorised to pay to the Richmond Fire Association, a sum not exceeding *2600, lo purchase 4000 feet of leather hose for tbe use of firemen, as set forth in tbe com munication of Robert M Burton, principal engi neer, dated 9th May, 1853. Finances cf the City.—Mr McCance, chair man of tbe committee of Finance, also presented the following report, which was adopted : The committee, aiter considering tbe probable wants of the city, required the Chamberlain to ad vertise proposais for the City Loan authorized by ordinance at a meeting of the Council on the 13th inst—slso,GOO payable July 1853, and $150,000 pay able January 1854. The committee also adopted the following sched ule for the payment of the city subscription to tbe stock of the Virginia Central Railroad Company, which was concurred in by the Council: $50,000 during the month of July, 1853 50,000 " " Oct, «' 50,000 « " Jan, 1854 50,000 " " April, " The Council then rescinded the resolution proposing to meet on Monday next, and adjourned the meet next Friday afternoon at 5 o'clock. Charge cf Receiving Stolen Goods—Henry Weinholnt was arrigned before his Honor Saturday on the charge of receiving a quantity of old iron, chisels and hammers, the property of Jonathan Les lie, knowing the same to be 6tolen. Mr Leslie deposed that he went with officer Johnson, who had a search warrant, and examined a large quantity of iron in iVeinholdi's store. lie hsd picked out from among it several chisels, ham mors, links and chains, which he was certain be longed to him; there were many other pieces which looked like his property but would not be positive they were. This iron was scattered all over the store. Some in a barrel near the door, some on shelves and in the cellar. Witness hai lost alto getter from his shop about half a ton of iron, new and eld, manufactured for different objects. The articles f jund he had not missed particularly; and some of them had been lost during the last two or three weeks. Mr L here identified some heads of hart,mere and chisels, old rusty, broken and defec tlve, aj his property, by a private mark of adia mund ana ccmpas3, which ha had caused to be put cn by a blacksmith. He knew ol no one that had a similar mark, as it was one used by li.m as mark master mason in Scotland. A peculiarly shaped hcck was found, only lost about two weeks since. Tha blacksmith of his shop was a negro. Michael Bray, overseer for Mr Leslie, said that last week he went into the blacksmith shop to look for some new derrick irons, made last winter, anu they were missing. Upon looking into some bar rels where they kept iron, he found their contents gone, among them new machinery for derricks and railroad cars and pole irons. He aleo, upon look ing around the shop, discovered that many smtl articles and tools familiar to him had disappeared A day or two since, he went to two or three stores to purchase some iron for the purpose of making bolts of certain dimensions. One of these stores wa3 Weinholdt's, and among soma scrap Iron in a barrel at the door, he immediately recognised a hook, lost a couple of weeks since, and some chi sels, all belonging to Mr Leslie. Suspecting some thing wrong, he asked one of Mr Weinholdt's ssns if he had any larger pieces of iron, and he »iid yes—but another son af Mr W's in the store, came ap and said ihey had none. Ha then told Mr Leslie, ard a search warrant was procured and ssarch made, resulting as already stated. Mr L had twenty five black hands, which ha managed.— Had been with Mr L five years. Mr Weinholdt here stated, by permission, that he was ah tent from home almost all the time, and that it was probable that in his absence one of his young sons (they are from 10 to 14 years of age) had purchased tbis iron, but, as every one would see, es scrap iron. He purchased such iron and sold it to Mr Talbuti. It w;is not reasonable to suppose that such iron wouU be purchased to use as toots, in their present condition. (It was very old and generally defective iron,) Mr YVeinholdt's son, liarmin, testified that hi* father was absent a greater portion of the day— that he and his brother attended the store, and that they often bought old ion. Could not say from whom this iron was bought. Mr August, counsel for the accused, stated that the fact that the iron was publicly exposed, proved that there was no guiity design to hide it, as would be the case with stolen property. A portion of it was in a barrel in front of Mr W'i door. The Mayor said that stoien iron might be exposed at a door and yet not be notioed. Iron **• tou " d in this store, that had recently bean stolen from Mr Leslie, and it was readable to suppose that Mr W or his son knaw how that Iron came into ths .tore, or from whom It was purchased, whether • white man or a negro. He should send the case on to the Grand Jury wrm of the Hustings Court in August next. Mr Weinholdt gave surety to appear at that time in the sum of $500, to answer an in dictment of the Grand Jury. |y A ease of much interest to the nssreantile community was lately decided by Chief Justice Taaey and Judge Haly burton, in the Federal Court in this city. A notice of the case waa published at the time of the decision in one of the city papera — Since that time, we have received the instructions of the court to the Jury, which were not published at the time of the former notice, and below we pub Ush them with the facta Accessary to understand them, for the benefit if til lotereated la the prinei pie decided- Mr. Richard D. Dunn, a merchant of Eaaex eoon. ty, *u indebted to Meter* Sel'man h Son, of Baiti more, by a nets negotiable end payable at the Far raer»' Bank of Virginia for 96M 47. Suit wai ic • tituted to recover tbe amount, and the defence wa* •'payment," upon tbe ground that the money baa been aent by mail in accordance with tbe direction* of tbe plaintiff. Thla defence waa baaed apon two letter* from tbe plaintiff to the defendant—the one requesting him to "remit the money," and tbe other to "forward the money"—or amount. It ww proved that after the receipt of these letter*, Mr Daon bad enclosed $700, in a letter to Messrs Sellman t Son, which waa counted over by thedepaty postmaster, and by blm sealed and deposited in the mail. It wa* farther proven that the money never reached Seilman & Son. Tbe defendant offered to prove, in addition to the other testimony, and in explanaiion of the meaning of tbe letter*—a cuatom between Baltimore and Essex county to remit money by mail, la the ab sence of ipecific instructions from the creditor. To this evidence, the plaintiff'* counsel objected, on the ground that parol evidence cannot be admitted to explain a written papei; and they relied upon the case of Gross, Myers & Moore, vs. Criss, 3rd Grattan's reporta, in the Court of Appeals of Vir ginia—a case directly in point. But the court over ruled the objection, admitted the testimony, and instructed the jury as follow *: Ist. If the letters of tbe plaintiffs to tbe defendant, urging the payment of the note, gave him reaaona ble grounda to believe that they desired and expect ed the money to be remitted to them by mail, he was autboriaed to make the remittance in that man ner at the risk of the plaintiffs 2nd. It is ior the jury to determine whether the language of the olainuff*' letters gave to the defen dant tuch reasonable ground of belief, and in lorm ing their judgment, they are to take into considera tion the whole correspondence ai.d intercourse be tween the parties, and the usage* of trade in thi* respect, between the district ot country in which the defendant resided and the city of Baltimore, as well as the parol evidence offered by the respective parties. 3rd. And if upon the whale evidence, they find that tbe letters of tbe plaintiffs are sufficient to create auch belief in the m'nd of a man of business, and competent capacity ; and that they did create that belief in the mind of the defendant—then the deposit of the letter enclosing the money in good faith, in a post office through which correspondence waa usually, at that time, carried on from his neighborhood to the city of Baltimore, (the letter being sealed and properly directed,) waa payment of the note, although from the fraud or negligence of the officers of the government, the money may never have reached the hand* of the plaintiffs. This decision is the more interesting, as it is dl rectly the reverse of the decision of our Court of Appeals above referred to. Counsel for the plain, tiffs, Messrs Griswold and Claiborne; for the de' iendant, Messrs Patton and Patton, Jr. Rail Roads —We have taken a little pains to ascertain the present condition and prospects of the various roads terminating in Richmond, and here give a few of the results of our examinations We here make one genera! remark, which we pre sume will be good jfor all time and that is, that the officers and conductors of every line have done their utmost, often at their own inconvenience, to furniih us with the latest and most definite infor mation. We first mention the Richmond and Danville Rail Road —The busi ness of this road from Ist of May to 31st inclusive, was as follows: Miscellaneous freight.... — 890*23 03 Coal ' bt, &c 1449 14 freife— .Stone freight 642 45 Passengers 4383 60 Express packages 118 6' Mail pay for tt" "" the month 2ti7 9 J Total §15,984 75 For the first.eleven dtys in June, the business wai &3 follows: Miscellaneous freights 83306 15 Coal 500 00 Stone '250 00 Passengers 1670 76 Express packages 5b 9-2 Mail pay 93 00 Tctal 85867 83 The business for the week ending on Saturday, the 18th, will be at least $tSQO These facts which P.VanDeusen, Esq, Treasurer of the Company, has placed et our disposal, show a healthy state of things, and a gradual, but certain increase of busi ness. Virginia Central Rail Road —The condition of this Company is most favorable, and we believe that its prijsperity is likely to be placed bsyocd a question. We give a statement of the incame of the road for the month of May in 1852 and 1853, which will show an increase df over 20 per cent. FOE mat, 1852. Passenger fare $5503 21 Freight 7261 42 U.S. Mail pay 687 50 $13,460 13 FOR MAY, 1853. Fare of passengers $6297 28 Freight 9685 51 Express freight 141 08 Transportation of U. S. Mails 770 68 This is better than could have been expected.— The number of passengers in the month of June, is much larger ic proportion than for May, and of coarse, will add largely to the income of the Company. We learn that an increased force has bejn placed upon the lino between Meechurn's river and Little Tongue—distance about eight miles—and that the work is going forward rapidly. This part of the line is State work. The Company have an adequate force upon the line between Waynesboro' and Staunton—some 12 miles apart—and are patting down the rails at the lata of about one and a half mile per week On the line between Covington and Staunton, some 38 miles are under contract, and $275 000 hive already been expended in grading. The bal ance of theliae to Jackson's river—between 19 and 20 miles —will be placed under contract on the 15tn July. The Big Sandy and Lexington Road, 125 miles long, will be let on the 10th of August, as we see by advertisements. Appearances indicate that at an early part of next spring, the line between Covington and tha mouth iscaury, will be placed under contract. When that link is supplied, the Capita! of Virginia will soon be united with Lexington, Ky, by an iron track— 555 miles in length ; a distance easily to be passed over between sunrise and sunset. It now takes eight days by the route through Virginia. Every thing now looks favorable for the Central Read. Some large private tale* of Virginia Central Hail Road Coupon bond* took place on Saturday morn ing, at 97J, lntereat added. There i* little of thi* •tock to be bad, a* it i* held for permanent invest ment*. We shall give full returns of the Fredericksburg and Petersburg Roads hereafter. We notice anew building of massive structure on Cary street, adjoining the Canal Basin, the foundations of which are nearly com pleted. It is a warehouse, 90 feet by 30, and in course of erection by Mr Nickerson for Mr L. D. Crenshaw. The building is of brick and will be of four stories. Phix.it in SXAkCM of a Win.—Such is the title of ■ very readable novel by a "Gentleman Butter fly," which O.M. West * Bro have Just left on our table. It la worth reading. Let oar lovers of to nance examine for themselves. Hustings COO.T, J,„ Tt»w Co» T , TO „ , TuaoaV-Two free Sbadrack, were found guilt, of wmri JjSST<w! monwealth contrary to jadg m# „ t pended until next term to give them . fair ty for lei Ting. fr-froni- The jury in the case of Ralph Allen, charted wits feloniously amulting John Collin, some wwktm brought in a verdict of not gailty, and Allen w„ m ' charged from custody. Tbe case of Samnel Fray.er, indicted for mi »u. meanor, waa continued until th« nest term. Jacob Cross, a free negro, wa* tried on the charm of stealing a watch from anothsr free negro last Chris* mas, and acquitted. William Willi*, who had served oat a term of i«. prisonment for misdemeanor, and now in jail for nen payment of fiae, was declared insolvent by the Court, on proof, and diacharged from custody. The case of Frederick Borgamin, indicted for ini*. demeanor, waa continued until the next term Tne jury in the ease of Oeorg, Fenly, tried' for in humane whipping a smill negro boy, appeared i„ Court this morning minus one of th 3 ir namber, Ni cholas Da Lard. No one knowing Mr Da L'» wit it abouts, the jpry waa discharged, and one eontinaai for fortheraction until the next term. Fenly was re manded to jail in default of of $300 security for ap perance at Court. Two cases of misdemeanor against Charles Homsa were continued until tbe next term. Continued —James Harrigan and Simon Pearmeu were arraigned on Saturday before hi* Honor on the charge of participating in a tight between severi! per. sons, nau.es unknown, near tbe Armory Bridsts, some three weeks since, on Sunday afternoon The evi dence proved that the accused had been mors sinned against than sinning, and were thtfaswiled instead 01 the assailing party. The c*se was continaed until Monday tor further examination. Two young men, named Edwards and Hill, looker? on at the scene of the tight, were severely cut la the heads with bricks. It is to be hoped that the authors of the and combatant*, will yet be bionght to justice. BoUKO Oveb—Mrs Mary Moore made comprint before his Honor .on Saturday, against Mrs Maio ney, charging her with using abusive and provoking language towards her (MraM) on the 15th iunt — The evidence proving that both parties were ia fault, and abused each other in the most hearty manner pussioie, the Mayor bound t>'em our each in the sum of 850 to keep the peace. Mrs Moore was tbe person fined on Friday tor throwing rocks at Mrs Maloney. Michael Griffis, who was on Friday taken into custy for refusing to take oath that he wtftild faith* fully interpret Sirs Malorey'« testimony, was sub sequently released, it appearing tot he had con scientious serupies about taking aa oath, but wauld willingly have affirmed. Continued.—Mrs Emeiina Martin and her daughter Susan, were brought before the Mayor Saturday, at the ins'ance of Nicholas Toftaaa, who complained of their trespassing upon hitn by keep ing a disorderly house near the Basin. On tne night of the 15th inst., be alleged tjst they hai fid dling and dancing going on in their apanmaoti above his, behaving ia a very disorderly manner. Mrs Martin denied the charge, affirmed that Tofrnsa had a spite against her, and believed that on one or two occasions he had thrown a brick at her. Offi cers Pearce and Johnson pissed Mrs M.'s house In the day time, and tud never seen or heard of alj disorder there. The Mayor then contiau'sd tee case until Monday, for the purpose of making farther enquiry as to the character ol the home.— Martha Martin, another of the accused Darned ia the warrant, was detained at home by ticsness. Mobs Buildings —a new brick building—27 feet by 150—is going up on Governor itreot, a few rods above our tffice. It is 4 story sb',ve bailment, and intended to be occupied by Messrs. Habiieton . & Brother as a store. The buildicg belong! to the estate of the late Wm. Mitchell, end is going up under the direction of MrJt-hnD Uiirles, mister mason, and Mr Wm. ForbfS, carpenter. EF* a negro who was pur .aased at a lats sale> by 8 negro trader, at the auction mirl of Messrs Pulliam & Davis, attempted, on Saturday after noon, to pass a SSO counterfeit bill on Mr William Walsh, keeper of a boot and shoe-stsro on Main street. He had bought $o worth of goods eid was about receiving 845 in cnango, whan fortunately Mr Walsh caice in. He took the note to Messrs Maury Si Morton, brokers, who pronounced it sn exceedingly well executed counterfeit of the North Carolina State Bank, issued at Raleigh. The! negro stated that ha received the note from his master, which the latter denied As both the master sod negro were just on the point of leaving in the car* for the South, Mr W. did not take any steps to pur. sus the matter farther. The public will do well to look out for such a counterfeit Fourth of Jclv.—Our Common Couacil have as yet failed to do anything towards a proper c;!e bration of our coming National Anniversary. Let us have the matter discussed and settled within the few days that remain, both among the authoiities and the peaple, and have a celebration worthy of our goodly city. De&wsed. —Thomas Morgan, an apprentice 8( tha Tredegar Works, while bathing in the river near the Works, about 5 o'clock on Saturday even • ing, was suddenly seizsd with the cramp and drowned. His body was recovered sUjui seven o'clock Coroner Wick-r held ao iaqae.Uover the body, and the j ;ry rendered a verdict in accord ance with the tacts. $16,894 55 Moonlight /-xccbsiin.— This evening the Eagle Infantry will give their sixth annual excur * aion down the river. Every preparation has been made to render ih-! occasion a delightful une.— There will b« an ampie sufficiency of good mosic and -efreshment* , pgfA great dt-ai hss oeeu written concerning the notorious Capt. Kidd, and tfc-? treasures which he is supposed to have concealed. On a careful examination of tfce testimony pro and con, it ap pears however, exceedingly a übtlul, wnether, at the tim-r of his capture, he was possessed of a-jy large share of personal edicts A fe* antiquated match-1 icks, some tl nt mu.keu, two or three sabres and a few bara of Virginia Tobacco, seem to have formed his whole stock in trade X man of his ability, had luchusen tj qjlt -adventurous life's variety," naignt hav-, made an honest tortune, by embaiklne in tome mercantile pursuit, and patronizing the Dispatch Job Grrics, Governor street. EjP"A Tribute of Urallmde.—Al • meet in 4 of the Choir connected wuo Centenary Method tit Charch, held to the lecture room, on Tbandsy evening, June Iti;h, the t allowing resolutives *ere unnniioouily adop'ed tad ordered to be publisted: Resolved, Thst the m-mbers of C'MWuty Choir bold in grateful retnemorance, the kindness of those ladle* and gentlemen who soeiflciantly aided them in tnetr reccnt public CoaoerL 3. That they tender their sincere thank* to Mr. James Woodfeouse, for the loan ot a Piano, during their rthesrsals, aid on the evening of the Con cert. ♦ j® 80—11* OlKOt After a protracted and painful illna**, at her re sidence In Hanover county, Mr*. ELIZABETH OLIVKR, widow of David Oliver, deceased, iu the 76th year of her age. Of Cholera, on the 3rd instant, soar Jefferson, Ca*a county. Texas, JOHN (*OINI>KXTKK, Jr., formerly ot Louisa county, Vs. Charlottesville papers please copy. Yesterday Morning, June 19 at about half past 7 o'clock, Mrs MAKY CRUMP, in the «Ust year of her sge. Her luoeral wiii take place this Morning at iO o'clock, at the residence of her grandson, Mr William F Simms, on Main, between Adams and Jefferson streets. Her friend* and sequainUnoea are respectfully invited to attend without farther notice. • On Saturday morning last, HANNAH 8., infant child of Cbas. G. and Klisabelh Thompson, .ag«4 13 mouths.