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TUESDAY MORNTHO JANUARY IT. !*«*. HB DISPATCH COTDNTINQ-ROQ* WAS BEEN REMOVED TO TUR NORTHEAST COR- Kiaor THIRTEENTH AXDMAIN STREETS, IMMEDIATELY OITOfeITE THE OLD START). LATER FROM THE NORTH. m■ " " We have received New York dates of Saturday, the 14th instant Gold was quoted at 219 1 2. BUTLER'S REPORT OF THE WILMINGTON • FAILURE-GRANTS ISSTRUCTIONS-THE REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING THE EXPE DITION. The papers publish General Butler's report of his expedition to Wilmington infttU. The New York Tribune (But ler's advocate) gives the following sum mary of the points made in it: It will be remembered that the naval preparations for this expedition were in progress for at least two months, and it is to be presumed that when General Grant ordered the land force to rendez vous at Fortress Monroe, with ten days' coal and water, it was with the under standing that the naval force was ready to proceed. On the 9th of December, - then, General Butler reported to Admi ral Porter that all was in readiness on his part The Admiral, however, was not ready, and General Butler was compelled to wait through Saturday, the 10th, Sunday, the 11th, and Monday, the 12th. Here the first three days wore wasted before the naval ibrce was ready to move on the 13th;" ! ei*d even then it would be com pelled to put into Beaufort for ammuni tion for the monitors, probably because those vessels could not carry it any greater distance than from that place to New inlet This, of course, involved still farther delay, and General Butler, that he might give the naval force a start of thirty-six hours, steamed up the James to deceive the rebels as to his probable destination, and on the 11th, Wednesday, put to sea. But even then he had not given Admiral Porter time enough. On the evening of the 15th he arrived at New inlet, near Fort Fisher, where he waited three days longer, in fine weather and with a smooth sea, the 10th, 17th and 18th, before the fleet ap peared. Thus nine days had elapsed since, by order of General Grant, he had reported that the land forces were in readiness to proceed—nine precious days lost because the naval authorities had failed to complete their preparations at the appointed time. This inexcusable delay and dilatoriness, of course, in volved still further postponement. The coal and water, provided for ten days,— ample had the whole expedition started at the appointed time, —were now ex hausted, and the transports, by Admiral Porter's advice, put into Beaufort to recruit The weather, moreover, had changed. For three days it blew a gale, and it was not till the 24th that the troops could be again brought to the place of rendezvous for the combined attack. That they would be there at that time, Admiral Porter was duly informed the day before; but he for whom every body also bad waited so long could wait for nobody, and he prematurely, though harmlessly, blew into the air half a mil lion worth of gunpowder, before which the walls of Fort Fisher were to have fallen. He was confident, however, that he had silenced its guns; but he, never theless, declined to take his ships abeWe the fort to protect the landing of the troops and prevent reinforcements being sent to the enemy, lost he should en counter torpedoes. But the attack was , commenced, only to prove that the fort was uninjured; that it was fully man ned; that two brigades of Hoke's divi sion (whose strength was weU known to General Butler) Were within two miles of our rear; that Jhe rest of that division was on the march from Wilmington, and that thus, outside of the fort, there was a larger force opposed to General Butler than his own. To proceed in the attack, according to his judgment and that of his. officers, would only be a useless sac rifice of his men, and General. Butler" therefore ordered his force to be re-em barked. Such, in brief, is Che whole story.— When the army first arrived off Wil~ mington, there were, as deserters and prisoners declared, and as General Grant knew when he ordered the expedition to start, less than four hundred men in Fort Fisher, and less than one thousand within twenty miles. Had the expedi tion started according to the plan laid out, and not been delayed three days at Fortress Monroe, or had the fleet been present when the land forces first reached Maw inlet; and three days more, not been lost, Fortgifleher would have been an <M[ Bftit delay gave the en •SS6 ||t.»Twinjforce it, and General asted the part of a humane . and tajßlejif commander in then with from a hopeless contest Such, »wee*em, will be the judgment of the PjJJlJjl* If it pc correct, the question saaaaKffy**** ooeWWby was General p|%o« the report of Butler is tho fol- ••etHJg: * flkdOr^efaa**.] | . ' HeiA#o»Awe*s Abmiss or mV) I <■ I wirrr. BrATES, j f Om FonrT, Vitotsu, f •fcrrqery 7, MKoJ *'■ Jtgms*JlMf aavwsrded. .To avoid eßflimj and deati , jHMMt wOrt mtMXmf'iEERRH UGeoeraißutkr to ptwfeww ft were aewen verbally, and the | m i instructions to the rnmmindkn officer r of tetimfettffi him and submitted to me. I append to the report . a copy of General Butler's instructions . to General Weitzel, together with copies of my dispatches and instructions to Ge i neral Butler relating to the expedition. > It will be perceived that it was never , that General Butler should . accompany the expedition, but that Major-General Weitzel was especially ■ named as the commander of it — My hopes of success rested entirely on our ability to capture Fort Fisher, and I r had even hopes of getting Wilmington before the enemy could get troops there s to oppose us. I knew that the enemy had taken nearly the entire garrison of . Wilmington and its dependencies to op- I pose Sherman. lam inclined to ascribe . the delay, which has cost us so dearly, to an experiment 1 refer to the explo , sion of gunpowder in the air. My dis patches to Mencral Butler will show his 1 report to be in error where he states that - he returned after having effected a land . ing in obedience to my instructions. On the contrary, these instructions contem plated no withdrawal or a failure after a ■ landing was made. U. S. Grant, 1 Lteutenant-GeneraL t . The inside history ofthe reasons which . led to the inauguration of an attack on Wilmington will be found in the follow ing orders to Butler before he sailed: headquarters armies of tne 1 ' United States, > ! City Point, November :JQ, 1801. ) s Major- General Butler: ' 1 have files of Savannah and Augusta > papers, by Colonel Mulford, from which 1 1 gather that Bragg has gone to Georgia, ; taking with him, I judge, most of the ■ forces from about Wilmington. It Ts therefore important that Weitzel should get off during his absence; and if suc cessful in effecting a landing, he may, by ; a bold dash, succeed in capturing Wil mington. Make all the arrangements * for his departure, so that the navy will ' not be detained one moment for the i army. L Did you order Palmer to make the J move proposed yesterday ? It is impor- J tant that he should do so without de - i lay. U. S. Grant, 1 Lieu tenant-General. ■ Official: T.S. Bowers, s Assistant Adjutant-General. Headquarters Armies of the^| United States, f City Point, Virginia, J December 4, 1864. J Major-General Butler: 1 feel great anxiety to see the Wil mington expedition off, both on account of the present fine weather, which we can expect no great continuance of, and because Sherman may now be expected to strike the sea-coast any day, leaving Bragg free to return. I think it advisa ble for you to notify Admiral Porter, and get off without delay with or without your powder boat. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant General. Official : T. 8. Boicers, Assistant Adjutant-General. Headquarters Armies of United States, Cm* Point, Virginia, December C, 1864. To Major-General Butler, Commanding the Army of the Jqmes: I had sent you dispatch be fore receiving your instructions to Gene ral Weitzel. I think it advisable that all embarkation should take place at Bermuda. The number of entrenching tools, 1 think, should be increased three or four times. U. S. Grant, Major-General. Official : T. S. Bowery Assistant Adjutant-General. Headquarters Armies of TnE ) United States, V City Point, December 6, 1864. ) Major-General Butler, Commanding Army of the James: General: The first object of the expe dition under General Weitzel is to close to the enemy the port of Wilmington. If successful in this, the second will be the capture of Wilmington itself. There are reasonable grounds to hope for success, if advantage can be taken of the absence of a great part of the enemy's forces, now looking after Sherman in Georgia. The directions you have given for the number and equipment of the expedition are all right except in the unimportant one of where they embark and the amount of entrenching tools to be taken. The ob ject of the expedition will be gained on effecting a landing on the main land be tween Cape Fear river and the Atlantic north of the north entrance to the river. Should such landing be effected, whether the enemy hold Fort Fisher or the batte ries guarding the entrance to the river there, the troops should entrench them selves, and by co-operating with the navy, effect the reduction and capture of those places. These in our hands, the navy could enter the harbor, ;and the port of of Wilmington would be sealed. Should Fort Fisherand the point of land on which it is built falkinto the hands of our troops immediately on landing it will be worth the attempt to capture Wilmington by a forced march and surprise. If time is consumed in gaining the first object of .the expedition, the second will become a matter of after consideration. The detail;! for the execution are en trusted to you and the officers immedi ately in command of the troops. Should the troops under General Weitzel fail to effect tho landing at or near Fort fisher, they w>U he .fttanndt to the army opera ting again* Richmond without cfelay. ITS: gram*, pmskm&mm ' • Official: Z S. Homers, AsafcUnt AdjuttntGeneral. HIABOUARTBRS AbXIBS OF fit ] Usrrtn StATxa, 1 City Ponrr, Vi-uiku, * December 7,1864. J Major-General Butler ; . Let General Weitsel get off as soon ss possible. We don't want the navy to wait an hour. V. S. Q*&*. Lieutenant General. Official: T. 8. Boicers, Assistant Adjutant-General.' Headquarters Armies of the ] United States, City Point, Virginia, * December 11,1864. Major-Galeral Butler, Fortress Mon roe: Richmond papers of the 10th show that, on the 7th, Sherman was east of Ogeechee, and within twenty-five miles of Savannah, having marched eighteen miles the day before. If you do not get off immediately you will lose the chance of surprising a weak garrison. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General. Official: T. S. Bowers, Assistant Adjutant-General Headqlartehs Armies or the) United States, ! City Point, Virginia., f December 14, 1804. j Mfthr-General Butler, Fortress Mon roe: What is the prospect for getting your expedition started ? It is a great pity we were not ten or twelve days earlier; am confident it would have been successful. Have you beard from Palmer ? The Rich mond papers give no account of any Federals on the Roanoke or Weldon road south of Weldon. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant- General. Official: T. S. Bowers, Assistant'Adjutant-General. TKB WASHINGTON PEACE HUMORS AND SPECULATIONS—ARRIVAL THERE OF Mas. 11. S. EOOTE. The Tribune contains a good deal of high-pressure peace news. The Yankee correspondents at Washington are trying their hands on the quality and quantity of peace rumors that they can manufac ture. A Washington correspondent of the Tribune telegraphs on the 13th: An old hand at peace negotiation de clared to-day to a committee room full of congressmen that, from his knowledge of what was, and would be, done in Rich mond, he knew that a cessation of hos tilities preliminary to formal negotiations would take place within ten days. Mr. Blair.has not }et returned. General (irant telegraphed up to night that the ' Richmond papers, received at his head quarters to day, contain nothing of in terest. The air is full of*a feeling of coming peace. All that talk speak of the close of the war as near at hand. Men feel peace in their bones, as they say many shrewd men to-day felt it in their pockets. More than one member of Congress sent orders North to-day to instantly sell their stocks; they dreaded a speedy fall. The wife of Senator Foote was looked to by the speculators in peace as a good mine of news to be worked, in stantly that she was under Chadwick's Foof. But the lady was weary and de pressed, and needed perhaps extensive shopping before she received friends. — To-morrow the hand of a new peace maker will fall heavily as Jeff Davis's obstinacy. [This " new peace-maker " was, doubt less, the attack on Fort Fisher of Sunday night] ■• YANKEE NEWS FROM SAVANNAH. The Arago, from Port Royal on the 9th, has arrived at New York, and fur nished the Yankee papers with a batch of Yankee news from Savannah. The Fifteenth corps was reviewed by Shefman in the streets of Savannah on the 7th. Several "gentlemen, representing large capital at the -North," have arrived in Savannah to open a branch National Bank> A soldier who attended Christ Church (Episcopal) writes to the Republican that a very important part of the church service was omitted, viz: The prayer for the President of the United States and all in civil authority, and also "for Cony&H*," and asks, would it not be well for the commander of the post to send an order to Rev. Mr. Cooley ? The* Republican says: "We will an swer the above<*ey repeating what Gen eral Sherman is reported to have said when one of.tho.e rebel Episcopal di vines called upon hrm to ascertain if he would be allowed to pray for Jeff. Davis. The General replied: '• Pray for Jeff. Davis, why certainly! You ought to pray for him every day, for Jeff. Davis and the d—l need praying for very much." We have heard a great deal said in relation to this matter, and the omis sion of the prayer for Uie President of the United States has caused considera ble commotion among both officers and privates, as well as loyal citizens. FROM GRANT'S ARMY, Dispatches from the Army of the Po tomac, dated on Wednesday, say that the recent rains have produced a sudden rise in the James river, and that all the RW bottoms are overflowed. The water has made its way through the Dutch Gap canal, and a fair current is now running. ■ . i ■ ,i ■„ —gsgggggsgsggggn *\TOTICR RESPECTING SAUT FOB XJ •aid ewmty entitled te SALT reevived leaf f*B, and whtf hev«tailad to apply *nr the same aa4 take it aray, are hereby netrfted that unless they «o m em or Mere the SEOONO MOarrtAY I3T SmPPhKY V£KT, ffteiag eeort day,) taati efll MULliii in tha*4a r .e_T*e-***. *~ e%JJ^o|fS__e_ae_ Jt!__^__i^__f l J!_ > B _*S*L*_ <f»£"*W w Jlf •Rmmmf. A w»TAJAMf. pk, 1-—lurftr* ■ sWrl fTOIE YANKBB BLOCKADE AKD* J,™ B-UT-aB NEUTRALITY. . CORRRSPONDiKCR. ■ } 1 , * O- Bo.vac UMtr-b Statu* Stla-fie- \ 5 AT Baa, May 11, 1864. ) Lord Lyons, Rncoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary for Her RritannU Majesty, near Washington, United State* : My Lord: X have respuctfully to represent to you that I wan arretted yesterday on the high sea-, by the United State* steamer Connecticut, bom the deck «f tho British stea*br Greyhound, in which I was a passenger tot Bei aiuda,«» route tor England,— the Greyhound, at the time of capture, being about one hundred and flltv miles out at _ea and Hying the British ensign. Having gassed out of the lines of blockade, and of contested territorial jurisdiction, my right a» a passenger became, as I conceive, ana lugous and tantamount to these of asylum under the British flag; and, in this respect, 1 invoke its protection, and that I may be permitted to pursue my way to England. I was on botrd the Greyhound in the ample and exclusive character of a passenger. When arrested there on the high seas I was proceeding to England to fulfil an engagement for a liteiary work on tho Confederate States, arc, with publisher* in London, who had already printed two volumes I had com posed of a similar nature ; and also to discharge a private and domestic duty in visiting the relatives of my wife, who is a native of England and a sub ject of llor Britannic Majesty. lam not connected with tho military service of the Confederate States, and am charged with no public office or trust on their behalf. These fact? inuybereadily established by appropriate evidence; and in consideration of them, I submit to your liordt-ip that, if iuteiposi tion be necessary, 1 may be protected in those very obvious rights, which i" invoke in- the character of an innocent passenger on the high, seas, under the British flag. • . 1 have the honor, &c, your obedient servant, Eowauii A. I'oi.laro. On Boa an British Sikamf.r Orrvhovno,) Net York, May IP, I«6_, ) L»rd Lyons, Emvom Extraordinary, $*„ near WuxhHigtoH, D. C.: My Lord : The Greyhound, on which I am now held as a prisoner, having been ordered to Boston, and stopping here to coal, I take the opportunity to enclose to your Lordship tho dupl.cate of a former letter, written while I was a prisoner on board the United States steamer Connecticut, and placed in the hands of Commander John J. Almy, command ing said steamer, for transmission : using the op portunity thusto insure communication. It is, doubtless, unnecessary to encumber the statement I have already submitted to your Lord ship with any argument. But there is one view of the matter which it may not be unnecessary or pre sumptuous to bring to your Lordship's attention. It must frequently happen (as it has occulted in my case)~that the Confederate States, from obvious considerations of military prudence, deny all coia munications through the United States, or other adjoining territory, by land, and that, then, the only possible mode of egress is by sen, on vessels which pass through the line of blockade. li, on board of one of these vessels, which carried the British flag, and had passed out of the jurisdiction claimed by the United States, I was not protected from an* jt, then it follows that the passenger (be he Englishman or Confederate) is made tha victim of a necessity which he could not avoid, and far which he is not responsible Such a rule would in volve the rights of your own countrymen, my Lord, and any passenger, whose misfortune it was that he could not get out of the Confederate Stares; with out cro-sing the ocean, might be. after he had passed out of the lines of contested territorial jariedictid-, hunted on the high seas as lawful prise, and be at the mercy of any arbitrary arrest. I did not take passage on board tho Greyhound out of the port of Wilmington until I had ascer tained to my satisfaction tnat she was a bona fide British vessel, having undertaken the single voyage in which she was captured under a charter party, and entitled to carry the British flag, at least so f.l •as to protect pasxemjer*, subject oi.ly to the risk oi capture within the territorial limit asserted by the United States. I trust th it my circumspect inn in thi* matter has not been without avail, and that, having sought the protection of the British in good faith, and with an innocent purpose, I may speedily realize it through the offices ot your Lord ship. 1 have the honor Vj renew my respects. Your obedient aervaat, Eowaro A. roi.r.iuo. Ox Board Stkamer GREVirorso, ) At Ska, May 14, 1864. * Lord Lyons, Enroy Extraordinary, $c, for Her Britannia Majesty, near Washington, United Stats* : My Lord: lam now held as prisoner on board the British steamer Greyhound, wh ; eh is claimed as a prize by the United States nteanv-hip Connecticut, and is ordered, as I am informed, to the port of Boston, where proceedings will be taken for her condemnation. The ciicumstanees under which the Greyhound was captured are peculiar, and involve a question of the most obvious inteiest and gravest import to Her Majesty _ Government and to the rights of propei ty in hor subjects. The Greyhound was, in good faith, and in all re spects, a British vessel, and liad been chartered at Bermuda to take out from the rort of Wilmington certain private cotton purchased and paid for by subjects of Great Britain, anl held exclusively on their own account Not one pound of this cotton belonged to my citizen of the Confcdciate States; nor dil any such citizen have any interest whatever in the vessel or her venture. Tour Lordship will be easily able to determine from the ship's papers, and .all otberauxumstances, that the nationality of the Greyhoi-K wes not a disguise—an adopted conve nience for running the blockade—but was in all re spects a true and unalfected claim on the part of her owners. At the time of the caprure of the Greyhound, on the 10th instant, she was in lat. 33 degs. 10 miv. 15 sec, and long. 75 degs. 47 mm. 45 sec. west, one hundred and twenty-five miles from the nearest land, flying the British ensign. She had passed out to sea from the port of Wilmington without seeing a Fcdetal cruiser, and without any visible evidence of a blockade. But even if that blockade had existed, and was something more than a vicious fiction, by which Federal cruisers, instead of picketing the coast, are permitted to take easy prizes on the high Sf as, I submit to your Lordship that the Greyhound, having once passed out the territorial limit, and flying the British flag, not for the puyposes of con cealment, but by clear title of right, could not be outlawed on the high seas, and took the risks of blockade only within the territorial jurisdiction claimed by the United States. Any other rule would extend the jurisdiction of the United States over the high seas, and the flag of Iler Majesty's Go vernment, carried there by a char title ia the ves sel to fly it, would afford no protection. As another circumstance of illegality in the cap ture of the Greyhound—indeed, I may say aa one of wholly unnecessary indignity—l have further to state to your Lordship, that when tho vessel had been brought to Newport News, the Commodore present, the senior officer commanding the Federal squadron, 'ommaaded the British flag on my vessel to be hauled down, and the Federal flag to be hoisted in its place. There is certainly no shadow of right for such a proceeding until the vessel is condetnned in due course of law; and of the spirit of .an act, where the law and the rule of propriety which it equally offends are both so plain, your Lordtbip will doubtless have no difficulty in judging. Trusting that the rights of the owners of the Greyhound, which I am left for the piasent to re present, will receive the attention of your Lordship, and having every confidence in your lordship's sen sibility to whatever touches the righto and honor of Her Majesty's Government, I have the honor, tec. Your obedient servant, ,_ Or.oKOK ITbmbv, Master, of the Greyhound. IV. __, - BaiTisn Lfo-tion, t WAsm-Neves, 1). C , May 20,1664. j fiir: It ia the usual snd terrcct practice that the master and one or more of the other persons taken S 1 •_"_* *J lw &* 1 ewcl <*Pt-**d for breach of blockade ahonld be sent in the vessel to sport ofthe sartor, in order the* their evidence may be token in thj case; but if such persons he neutral, they ourlit to he released as soon as they have giren their eri. deuce, nnd their evidence ought to bo taken without unnecessary del ay. , w, \ V* 1 ?" to *• 8 « e »» t « 1 7 <* <W*t« of tha* TJnfced states to exprers my hope that you will be set free immediately after your evideuca has been ta_i ff&_&£&£ •*•"° *? -"""'- olwurx■x__qwf«irar_! , _-____-_HMt tstsmxjm __*_____- *.# _>!_& *~_ m. _ - *"• e-^e* oinsfrfßM crew or trie Greyhound who were taken Mil M Ml. «__l __<f m__ .: _* -- ~—: .W ww.». •• "W v» ' ■ Bo*roir,l_ay2e, IM4. Lord Lymmt, EnroyErtroordinarp, Ae,for Bar Dritannie Ma jetty, near, Washington, United States: Mr Lord: I have beefl detained here as a prisoner one week to-day. notwithstanding tha notiScation, under date of 2uth instant, with which your Lord ship obliged me, to tha effect that yen bad applied to the Secretary of State of the United States for my release. _#__'•'_ There are two points in my case which I reg to bring to your attention again in a precisa and bnot recapitulation : 1. The Greyhound had passed out of the port of WUrain? ton, without sight of a blockading vessel, "and was taken by a crui<»er a' out one hundred end fifty miles-out to sea. I desire to put the question to your Ltedship, if the Government at Washington can so change itf- tactics of blockade as to omit an efficient guard of tho coast and take up vessels which have come out of Confederate ports by fast-tailing cruisers on the ocean highway j for such I wag in formed, by an offleer of the United States steamer Connecticut, was the rccontlv adopted and easy plan of taking prizes, the fruits of which your Lordship may have observed in tho capture of four vessels as prizes in a tingle week,each taken for out on the high sea*. * 2. The Greyhound was thoroughly a British ves sel ; the British flag she carried was not a decoy, and that flag covered me offer I kni patsed out of the territorial jurisdiction of the United States; and, even in case* it did not protect vessel or cargo, ((minting, for argument, these to be of an illicit character,) protected me as an innocent passenger; eh c, having no other egress from the Confederate States, the passenger would be the victim of his ne cessity ; aud, else again, if a citizen of the Confede rate States, net con traland, could be ou_awe lon the hiyh Bias, under that flag, flyicgona bona fide Bri tish vessel, why not a subject or citizen of any other Government: If the flag was a reality at all, it certainly should give protection on the ocean high way to a passenger who was pursuing objects of pri vate convenience, and certainly was, not amenabk to any military penal iea of the Government at Washington. Begging that your Lordship will acquit me of the chaise of importunity in a matter the importance of which is by no means altogether personal to myself, I have the honor, &c, * Your obedient servant, Edwaro A. Poixarp. T». S—l telegraphed your Lordship on the 24tb instant to obtain liberty for me to see you in Wash ington in the interest of the Greyhound, but have received no reply: hence these lines. ** Another circumstance: It is true, that if the blockade-runner be seen ia flagrante delicto passing the territorial Hues, she may be pursued and taken on tho high seas But the Greyhound was not pur sued ; she was waylaid on the highway of the seas. Such a practice would convert the blockade into a system of r«ving commissions, and might as well If predicated of the coast of Bermuda as of that of tlit Confederate States. VI. B_m?it Lj'uatjox, WaarnxoTOKJ I». C,» May 2>J, tSU. ) Sir: I have received your letter of the day before yesterday. On receiving your telegram of the 24th instant, stating that you were charged to represent to rr.< the fbcts of the case of the Greyhound and Uie in terests of the owners, I sent by telegraph instruc tions to Her Majesty's consul at Boston to a.-k you to communicate on"these matters with hisn for mj inf mnatioii. I have to-day received from him an account of an interview which he had wifh you the day before yesterday. I will request the consul to sec that any British subjects interested in the Greyhound have proper facilities fbMdefending their interests before the Prize CourtTThis is all I cun do at present. I hav< referred the case to Her Majesty's Government, and I deem it right to wait for instructions from them before taking further steps. * I urn. sir, year obedient servant, JDttrord A. Pollard, £su. Lroxs. Four Wakukn, Bovroa ILtnpoa, ) July 2 [should he June 2], IKO4. i Lord Lyme, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary for Her Hrllannic Majesty, near Washington : My Lord: I have been honored by your attention in two letters, which, I beg leave to state, very re spectfully, hove left me in some confusion of mind as to your Lordship's views and intentions with re ference to my case. On the 20th ultimo, you write that you had "expressed your hope" to the Secre tary of State of the United States that I should be "set free immediately," &c.; and on the 28th ul timo you do not but what has been the issue of that hope; and while referring to the prize pro ceedings against the Greyhound, you make no re ference whatever to my personal olaims of pro tection by the British -flag 'as a passenger on the high seas. In the meantime, I have been impri soned in Fort Warren, by oiders from Washington, without notice, without trial, and without being ad vised of any charge whatever against me. It is true that Her Majesty's consul at Boston mentioned to me that he understood that you bad written the first letter, assuring me of my "claim o! liberty, under the impiession that I was a BriuVk subject: an impression which your Lordship will do mo the justice to observe was not derived from any statement of mine, or any implication of mj cortespondeuce. But I cannot see the force of the distinction. If I had been on it seemed I would have teen entitled to my release: why .'—by grace of the Wasliingron authorities or by force of .* The former supposition) I think I may safely say, would be icseutcd by yourself, a well aa by your Government, my Lord ; and if the release, then, is to be put on any grounds of right, then the case of the Englishman would be no bet ter than my own. The flag would, protect me as well as him. It either must be a piece of buuting, and protects nothing; or, if it protects anything, it would protect all pfieengtra alike. As fir as the question is that of citizens or persons, it belongs to my own Government, and I am willing to rest it there; but as a question involving the British ling on the high seas, which either sinks there all other insignia and distinctions of nationality, and pro tecs* all pasfengors alike, or is an unmeaning din play, I have brought it to the consideration of your Loidship, and respectfully asked your decision. 1 cannot find that tho latter is stated or intimated in the letters of your Lordship, to which I have had the honor to refer. I have, etc., your obedient servant, EnwAun A. Pollard. vm. British Lkoatiok, Washington, D. C, I • June 9, 1861. j Sir: I received, on the 6th instant, a letter from you, dated (evidently by mistake} 2d of July. In answer to it, I can only say that I have inferred your case to Her Majesty's Government, and sent them copies of your letters to me, and that, while waiting for instructions from them, I do not feel at liberty to discuss the subject. Whatever orders they may think proper to givo wili be immediately executed by me. — I am, sir, your obedient servant, _~-....-. Lyuxs. E. J., pollard, Eitj., Fort Wairen. IX. Ik Patsow, at Fobt W__bb* , Bosto* HAneon, I July 11,18t*. \ Lord Lyons, Efroy Extraordinary, <f<i, /~- jfr- Brxlannie Majesty, near Washington, U. C. : MyLordtWdl you please inform me what re sults hare been reached, or proceedings taken, by Her Majesty's Government with r .ferenro to tax 'appliestion for release from this prison by vntue of the protection of the British flag, under which I was taken Qfetlie high seas. I was brought here from a sick bad, at an hour's notice, and have beeu-efflictod in «ry confinement with partial paraljais; and I am aura that this much said of the extremity of my situation will be sufficient to acquit me of importunity in aaam seek. leg at the lianas of your LJadahif a my sufferings, i —-*-«ww«» I have the honor, *c, your obedient servant, Eowsato A. You,*.**. .X. __. _ \ WAeaiaeTo*. D. a, July 11, 1884. j *ir: Your letter ofthe 11th instant reached me' yesterday. In reply to the questiw which yo» a*h I have to inform y.u that 1 leceivVd y**tordav%& ttraoon the answer of Her Majesty's Oovernmanl to the dispetches,whieh I afctoeWro iiSSSRE subject of tiie capture of the Grey hound, and in whjeh centos* yoe* letreri.Tme. * The general iuarvuetiona of Her Mei~*tv'a Go. rerwont rrceludo my tntemjna, witfc^«*JS _____r__^h_^Wi__^^ hays not, m the aresaat \\mtTk* t**re to your bV__df,toVetewo^f^ l t absuialVniihdrnso. . ,r f -7"'."^^.r' t m. tßKfrni oWffiani servant, XI. ** Parr Wane-*, Berrew Hark», > /*» JulyK, 1804. i Lord Lyon*. Envoy Extraordinary for Her Rritat. Nic Majesty, near Washington, D. C.: MV Lord: I thank you for your courtesy in t • plying to my different letters. 1 haw, of course i_» further claim to ma kv upon it in that regard, lint it is not improper that I should express a rcsperful d'RiM-nt from th°s conclusion you have reached, and inform you that whonever released fiom prison X shall prefer to the Home Government of Her M*. jesty a formal claim for indemnity tor a and crnel imprisonment, to which I consider I h iv butn subjected by the foil tiro to obtain that p:ot< <■- tion under a neutral flag which was dv" to m • under the law of nations and th'tt of humanity. •I cannot concede, what is certainly a novel a n ,i inhuman doctrine in international law, that «./;«,. senyer on a British vessel which. h&< broken tha blockade is co tainted in the ■_■__ of Modtade that he may be taken on the high teas, under the neutral flag, as human prize by his enemy. Jf. •_. i anf left to understand, my Lord, this it the posh-on of your Government, it follows that it assents to a system f»f ki-iuipning under ita Hag on tint hirh seas, and establishes aguinst itself an estmndiaf trm koext. For if I, a passenger, w.is a legal pri/., on the Greyhound, thea the B.iu*l> mmeaftt in the same eircuinstances is equally so, b; it»g DO more protected by the British dig on the high seas than I should be myself; and if, in the-e same etrerua stances, the Englishman does not share my t tu-, but is absolved by diplomatic ip terrairion, thM h ihefaror of the YaC-tee(government, wjtieh in./ at any time be withdrawn. At one time, your Lordship wrote roc that y«,ii had rea c&tcd my release. At another time v,u write that you cannot interfere in arybehslj inaay manner whatever. lam left to iruu#iae that thrfc ia no other cause for this contradiction than that I am a citizen of a fiitn'ik ■ s and persecuted 5 govern ment, towards whrc-Tyours, my Lord, professes n.u trality, but, I must say, practfees iroifortQ disfavor. Whenever Metered to liberty 1 shall have lull op* pertanity to testify to the damage of my iaspnsoa* inrnt,aameisuie ofthe indemnity 1 shall claiai from the British Government. But your Lordship wili already perceive from the cncloeod copy of my lctti r to the Secretary of tho United SlaU-s N_yy, which has uever been answered or aetieed by him, Aat I have la. vain entreated a parola on account of my health, in c-fcuasataaces which appeal not on'y to sentiment; of pity, but to the towcat •> .._.•>. i ot humanity. I trust t_at your Lordship will fin 1 neHiiai, in whe_ I hava written incm-istcnt with the high and courteous consideration due personally to your- ■ self, or improper to b • comuiunirnte<l, as I dc; irr. to rour O-Vet-aeeat, in the featereett of justice;«. I hu« Inanity. I have ihe honor &c, Your obedient servant, Sbvaas A. Potx_xo, XoTKS. Tho Uw of blockade was early defined in this eountrv under the pressure of the Biiiiah orders in council and blockade of IW6 in retaliation f-r the Berlin decree, at which time we and tha elaborate protests of Madison against "the mockeries and ;:i> ehiefi practised urvderthe name-ef bJeekades.*' The doctrine of fictitious blockades was tbeaexpkJcd, and Great Britain was compelled to Conform her practice to the definition made ia her convention pith Russia in I6e_i te tbeeffttt that a block ... i port wa* only sach as there aa " evident dan ger In entering." In thiswe* 1 fee United States hart s on, ~ sir "*• yond those abuses of fictitious h&fetdt-e, which «ho formerly made -wbiecta of roth violent comphnrtt, and has practic-'.ly converted th<* blockade which she asserts of the Ctntfedorate coasts int. a fvstein ot' roving commissions, by which vessels nol cU'tsrJ from the blockade linen are waylaid and taken as by cruisers on tho ocean highway. Captures, euca as that of the Greyhound, are acts of pirory. But, in tho above coriespondence, a second £oittt is discovered. It is contended that not cr.iy was the Greyhound not good prise, but that the taking s pas eager from the shelter of her thi£; was un ut; gravation of the capture, and the plain ifl'eu.e oi kidnapping. On the second point we have Amerioan authority so deou ive and abundant, that not an inch of grout) i is left for the Uovernment at Washington, which still uses the stylo, and, of course, i 3 bound by the precedents of the Cnitcd States, whcieon to deu-t.d surh a violation, cf a neutral Hag. It was Daniel Webster who put a well-recognizi d principle of international law in this neat para---: "That a fchip on the high seas was part of the ni ttc_r_ territory." It was on this grwnfinkst tb« United States defended the rights oi her flag against every claim which Great Britain ever made ct arrest under it. ! '- In a letter of instruction?, written in 18(»1, by Mr. Madison, then Secretary of State, to Mr. Jioiuoe, resident minister in London, there is a plain and complete enunciation of the doctrine contended ta in the above correspondence. Befciring to the hn niunities of a neutral ilag, as recogiuzed by Great Britain, the Secretary writes : ■ _ M She will not deny the general fiecdom of the high seas, and of neutral vessels navigating theiii, with such exceptions only as are annexed to it by the law of nations. • » « Bttt naSehere-trill $h« find an escejttion to this freedom of the sens, and "i ncutra!flays, which Justifies ihetakin-j avay of <>-■:•> person\ not an enemy in military scrcir • found •• ■»• board a neutral vessel. If treaties, lb it ►•_ a.- Well •as others, are to bo consulted on this subject, is will equally appear that no countenance to the practice can be found in them. Whig* they sdmit acon'raband of war, by enumerating its articles, md the effect ef area] blockade by defining it, in no instance do they sfitrns or in.ply a right in _n? aovereign Jo enforce his claims & tho ajtsgianre "1 his subject? on board neutral yotstts on the /'■ seas; on the contrary, whenever a belligerent claim against persons on board n eeastal vessel la re* md to in treaties, meatus in military service adorn arc excepted from the general immunity of persons in that situation ; and this exception confirms the Un uiunity of tho.-e who aie not included In it. • • • If the law of allegiance, which is a msunicipai Ui*r, be in fibres at all on the high seas on hoard n>r< i_ii vessels, it must be so at all ti los Caere, us it ifl >■■. li mits acknowledged sphere. If the aaasoSj alleged for it be good in time of war, namely, that the - •• reign has then a right to the service ot all his -v'•• jeets, it must be good at all tiu.es, because he ha* thj Staae right to their service. • • • 'inking :• a son and justice for the tests of tin* practice, it i« peculiarly indefensible, because it deprives thedear est rights of persons of a ri'guUr trial, to wha h :;v most inconsiderable article Of prop*, rty captured on the high seas is entitled, and leaves th ir destiny to -heww of as officer." 'Am. Slate Papers. \ '■■ 111. foreign Bclations, p. M.) ja I.' -1-' TliE PUBLIC PKAYKIi MEETINGS, held with especial reference to the condition iff our country, under tltcdirection of the Young -Ten's Christian Association, will be h*ld on Tills i '-■* *" d*y) and THURSDAY AM HRXOON*, <*t i« o'clock, in the LECTURE-ROOM of the & •-•• Baptist Church corner of Mmv and Sistii ft AU Christians are invited to uuitc in Ibis service, ja 17-U* YOUNG MEN'S CIiKISTIAK ASSO CIATION.—The monthly meeting of the A -_-. sociatiou wdl.be hfld THIS bVT_NTN*G, Jan__r*» 17th, at the LECTURE-ROOM of the I aited Pres byterian Church, \L>r Read's;, at «"i o'cl■►■ k. ehsn interesting addresses may be expect*, d. A full »t --tendance of members is very desirable. j» 17—It FLOUR FOR SALE— bands <•? JXOUR for sale by one who beufhl it for gold, and will ««.:! it tor the same, Th- only r. .->•> for doing so is, that it wto be used by o_o »-<* '■'' going thr«»uih the Unes. louair,- a; WILLIAM T. LIMXSAY'S feed t-r?, ja 17--It* corner vf Fdth and sti< *'' IJOUND, on Christinas day (2oth ultimo). "I 7«n the sidewalk near the tuket alike of the Richmond nnd Fredericksburg railroad. <i QOLI* BRACELET, which the owner e.»n g*t by tabing **« the ofrl •«• w f the QuM-rernta-ter-General, cwtci ol Bank and Tenth streets, thud door, MmS&fyW ta ' ; same, and paying for this adveitisvtuent. ________ ; r* * 7 ~™ .- WOOD, WOOD —For snle, a limits supply of good MR. KOBY WOOU »1 '•»*•* ties of six, twelve, Ac, curds, to be eVUvtrrd » f ' '.' Yiteinia Central Railroad depot. Address S- *•• REI»U, box l.ftftt, RndniJond post-vrh c. ia \7- eed4t» _ F' 'OJfc RALE, a two or tbi**-*"*** WAGON, with iron axles, as good a- »'.«•«• witb BBJTtJIKX and TRAf--* for two hor ' can bo earn at the shep of Mr l>. is «m;\ •'; Eighth, between Cory and Cap*! street* j* »• -' -_ FOR fcUVLK, I cltfat of CAKPKNTF.K S TOOLS, fuU ?et; complete in see** J*tj"f*' tor, and nearly new, m%\ a h>. of S»»' *TLh».- AeMx to J, W. VKh YAKM, Pruggud. jet?—* * ' Seventeenth«__^_. but IC_9fT» Y_UQtH ft CO-. jalT-ff ~ AnstitaevPi.