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The daily dispatch. [volume] (Richmond [Va.]) 1850-1884, January 17, 1865, Image 2

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TUESDAY MORNTHO JANUARY IT. !*«*.
HB DISPATCH COTDNTINQ-ROQ* WAS
BEEN REMOVED TO TUR NORTHEAST COR-
Kiaor THIRTEENTH AXDMAIN STREETS,
IMMEDIATELY OITOfeITE
THE OLD START).
LATER FROM THE NORTH.
m■ " "
We have received New York dates of
Saturday, the 14th instant Gold was
quoted at 219 1 2.
BUTLER'S REPORT OF THE WILMINGTON
• FAILURE-GRANTS ISSTRUCTIONS-THE
REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING THE EXPE
DITION.
The papers publish General Butler's
report of his expedition to Wilmington
infttU. The New York Tribune (But
ler's advocate) gives the following sum
mary of the points made in it:
It will be remembered that the naval
preparations for this expedition were in
progress for at least two months, and it
is to be presumed that when General
Grant ordered the land force to rendez
vous at Fortress Monroe, with ten days'
coal and water, it was with the under
standing that the naval force was ready
to proceed. On the 9th of December, -
then, General Butler reported to Admi
ral Porter that all was in readiness on
his part The Admiral, however, was
not ready, and General Butler was
compelled to wait through Saturday,
the 10th, Sunday, the 11th, and
Monday, the 12th. Here the first
three days wore wasted before the
naval ibrce was ready to move on the
13th;" ! ei*d even then it would be com
pelled to put into Beaufort for ammuni
tion for the monitors, probably because
those vessels could not carry it any
greater distance than from that place to
New inlet This, of course, involved
still farther delay, and General Butler,
that he might give the naval force a start
of thirty-six hours, steamed up the
James to deceive the rebels as to his
probable destination, and on the 11th,
Wednesday, put to sea. But even then
he had not given Admiral Porter time
enough. On the evening of the 15th he
arrived at New inlet, near Fort Fisher,
where he waited three days longer, in
fine weather and with a smooth sea, the
10th, 17th and 18th, before the fleet ap
peared. Thus nine days had elapsed
since, by order of General Grant, he had
reported that the land forces were in
readiness to proceed—nine precious days
lost because the naval authorities had
failed to complete their preparations at
the appointed time. This inexcusable
delay and dilatoriness, of course, in
volved still further postponement. The
coal and water, provided for ten days,—
ample had the whole expedition started
at the appointed time, —were now ex
hausted, and the transports, by Admiral
Porter's advice, put into Beaufort to
recruit The weather, moreover, had
changed. For three days it blew a gale,
and it was not till the 24th that the
troops could be again brought to the
place of rendezvous for the combined
attack. That they would be there at that
time, Admiral Porter was duly informed
the day before; but he for whom every
body also bad waited so long could wait
for nobody, and he prematurely, though
harmlessly, blew into the air half a mil
lion worth of gunpowder, before which
the walls of Fort Fisher were to have
fallen. He was confident, however, that
he had silenced its guns; but he, never
theless, declined to take his ships abeWe
the fort to protect the landing of the
troops and prevent reinforcements being
sent to the enemy, lost he should en
counter torpedoes. But the attack was ,
commenced, only to prove that the fort
was uninjured; that it was fully man
ned; that two brigades of Hoke's divi
sion (whose strength was weU known to
General Butler) Were within two miles of
our rear; that Jhe rest of that division
was on the march from Wilmington, and
that thus, outside of the fort, there was
a larger force opposed to General Butler
than his own. To proceed in the attack,
according to his judgment and that of
his. officers, would only be a useless sac
rifice of his men, and General. Butler"
therefore ordered his force to be re-em
barked.
Such, in brief, is Che whole story.—
When the army first arrived off Wil~
mington, there were, as deserters and
prisoners declared, and as General Grant
knew when he ordered the expedition to
start, less than four hundred men in
Fort Fisher, and less than one thousand
within twenty miles. Had the expedi
tion started according to the plan laid
out, and not been delayed three days at
Fortress Monroe, or had the fleet been
present when the land forces first reached
Maw inlet; and three days more, not been
lost, Fortgifleher would have been an
<M[ Bftit delay gave the en
•SS6 ||t.»Twinjforce it, and General
asted the part of a humane
. and tajßlejif commander in then with
from a hopeless contest Such,
»wee*em, will be the judgment of the
PjJJlJjl* If it pc correct, the question
saaaaKffy**** ooeWWby was General
p|%o« the report of Butler is tho fol-
••etHJg: *
flkdOr^efaa**.]
| . ' HeiA#o»Awe*s Abmiss or mV)
I <■ I wirrr. BrATES, j
f Om FonrT, Vitotsu, f
•fcrrqery 7, MKoJ
*'■ Jtgms*JlMf aavwsrded. .To avoid
eßflimj and deati
, jHMMt wOrt
mtMXmf'iEERRH UGeoeraißutkr to
ptwfeww ft were aewen verbally, and the |
m
i instructions to the rnmmindkn officer
r of tetimfettffi him and
submitted to me. I append to the report
. a copy of General Butler's instructions
. to General Weitzel, together with copies
of my dispatches and instructions to Ge
i neral Butler relating to the expedition.
> It will be perceived that it was never
, that General Butler should
. accompany the expedition, but that
Major-General Weitzel was especially
■ named as the commander of it —
My hopes of success rested entirely on
our ability to capture Fort Fisher, and I
r had even hopes of getting Wilmington
before the enemy could get troops there
s to oppose us. I knew that the enemy
had taken nearly the entire garrison of
. Wilmington and its dependencies to op-
I pose Sherman. lam inclined to ascribe
. the delay, which has cost us so dearly,
to an experiment 1 refer to the explo
, sion of gunpowder in the air. My dis
patches to Mencral Butler will show his
1 report to be in error where he states that
- he returned after having effected a land
. ing in obedience to my instructions. On
the contrary, these instructions contem
plated no withdrawal or a failure after a
■ landing was made. U. S. Grant,
1 Lteutenant-GeneraL
t . The inside history ofthe reasons which
. led to the inauguration of an attack on
Wilmington will be found in the follow
ing orders to Butler before he sailed:
headquarters armies of tne 1
' United States, >
! City Point, November :JQ, 1801. )
s Major- General Butler:
' 1 have files of Savannah and Augusta
> papers, by Colonel Mulford, from which
1 1 gather that Bragg has gone to Georgia,
; taking with him, I judge, most of the
■ forces from about Wilmington. It Ts
therefore important that Weitzel should
get off during his absence; and if suc
cessful in effecting a landing, he may, by
; a bold dash, succeed in capturing Wil
mington. Make all the arrangements
* for his departure, so that the navy will
' not be detained one moment for the
i army.
L Did you order Palmer to make the
J move proposed yesterday ? It is impor-
J tant that he should do so without de -
i lay. U. S. Grant,
1 Lieu tenant-General.
■ Official: T.S. Bowers,
s Assistant Adjutant-General.
Headquarters Armies of the^|
United States, f
City Point, Virginia, J
December 4, 1864. J
Major-General Butler:
1 feel great anxiety to see the Wil
mington expedition off, both on account
of the present fine weather, which we
can expect no great continuance of, and
because Sherman may now be expected
to strike the sea-coast any day, leaving
Bragg free to return. I think it advisa
ble for you to notify Admiral Porter, and
get off without delay with or without
your powder boat. U. S. Grant,
Lieutenant General.
Official : T. 8. Boicers,
Assistant Adjutant-General.
Headquarters Armies of
United States,
Cm* Point, Virginia,
December C, 1864.
To Major-General Butler, Commanding
the Army of the Jqmes:
I had sent you dispatch be
fore receiving your instructions to Gene
ral Weitzel. I think it advisable that
all embarkation should take place at
Bermuda. The number of entrenching
tools, 1 think, should be increased three
or four times. U. S. Grant,
Major-General.
Official : T. S. Bowery
Assistant Adjutant-General.
Headquarters Armies of TnE )
United States, V
City Point, December 6, 1864. )
Major-General Butler, Commanding
Army of the James:
General: The first object of the expe
dition under General Weitzel is to close
to the enemy the port of Wilmington. If
successful in this, the second will be the
capture of Wilmington itself. There are
reasonable grounds to hope for success,
if advantage can be taken of the absence
of a great part of the enemy's forces, now
looking after Sherman in Georgia. The
directions you have given for the number
and equipment of the expedition are all
right except in the unimportant one of
where they embark and the amount of
entrenching tools to be taken. The ob
ject of the expedition will be gained on
effecting a landing on the main land be
tween Cape Fear river and the Atlantic
north of the north entrance to the river.
Should such landing be effected, whether
the enemy hold Fort Fisher or the batte
ries guarding the entrance to the river
there, the troops should entrench them
selves, and by co-operating with the navy,
effect the reduction and capture of those
places. These in our hands, the navy
could enter the harbor, ;and the port of
of Wilmington would be sealed. Should
Fort Fisherand the point of land on which
it is built falkinto the hands of our troops
immediately on landing it will be worth
the attempt to capture Wilmington by a
forced march and surprise.
If time is consumed in gaining the first
object of .the expedition, the second will
become a matter of after consideration.
The detail;! for the execution are en
trusted to you and the officers immedi
ately in command of the troops. Should
the troops under General Weitzel fail to
effect tho landing at or near Fort fisher,
they w>U he .fttanndt to the army opera
ting again* Richmond without cfelay.
ITS: gram*, pmskm&mm '
• Official: Z S. Homers,
AsafcUnt AdjuttntGeneral.
HIABOUARTBRS AbXIBS OF fit ]
Usrrtn StATxa, 1
City Ponrr, Vi-uiku,
* December 7,1864. J
Major-General Butler ; .
Let General Weitsel get off as soon ss
possible. We don't want the navy to
wait an hour. V. S. Q*&*.
Lieutenant General.
Official: T. 8. Boicers,
Assistant Adjutant-General.'
Headquarters Armies of the ]
United States,
City Point, Virginia,
* December 11,1864.
Major-Galeral Butler, Fortress Mon
roe:
Richmond papers of the 10th show
that, on the 7th, Sherman was east of
Ogeechee, and within twenty-five miles
of Savannah, having marched eighteen
miles the day before. If you do not get
off immediately you will lose the chance
of surprising a weak garrison.
U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General.
Official: T. S. Bowers,
Assistant Adjutant-General
Headqlartehs Armies or the)
United States, !
City Point, Virginia., f
December 14, 1804. j
Mfthr-General Butler, Fortress Mon
roe:
What is the prospect for getting your
expedition started ? It is a great pity we
were not ten or twelve days earlier; am
confident it would have been successful.
Have you beard from Palmer ? The Rich
mond papers give no account of any
Federals on the Roanoke or Weldon road
south of Weldon. U. S. Grant,
Lieutenant- General.
Official: T. S. Bowers,
Assistant'Adjutant-General.
TKB WASHINGTON PEACE HUMORS AND
SPECULATIONS—ARRIVAL THERE OF Mas.
11. S. EOOTE.
The Tribune contains a good deal of
high-pressure peace news. The Yankee
correspondents at Washington are trying
their hands on the quality and quantity
of peace rumors that they can manufac
ture. A Washington correspondent of
the Tribune telegraphs on the 13th:
An old hand at peace negotiation de
clared to-day to a committee room full of
congressmen that, from his knowledge of
what was, and would be, done in Rich
mond, he knew that a cessation of hos
tilities preliminary to formal negotiations
would take place within ten days. Mr.
Blair.has not }et returned. General
(irant telegraphed up to night that the
' Richmond papers, received at his head
quarters to day, contain nothing of in
terest. The air is full of*a feeling of
coming peace. All that talk speak of the
close of the war as near at hand. Men
feel peace in their bones, as they say
many shrewd men to-day felt it in their
pockets.
More than one member of Congress
sent orders North to-day to instantly
sell their stocks; they dreaded a speedy
fall. The wife of Senator Foote was
looked to by the speculators in peace as
a good mine of news to be worked, in
stantly that she was under Chadwick's
Foof. But the lady was weary and de
pressed, and needed perhaps extensive
shopping before she received friends. —
To-morrow the hand of a new peace
maker will fall heavily as Jeff Davis's
obstinacy.
[This " new peace-maker " was, doubt
less, the attack on Fort Fisher of Sunday
night] ■•
YANKEE NEWS FROM SAVANNAH.
The Arago, from Port Royal on the
9th, has arrived at New York, and fur
nished the Yankee papers with a batch
of Yankee news from Savannah.
The Fifteenth corps was reviewed by
Shefman in the streets of Savannah on
the 7th.
Several "gentlemen, representing large
capital at the -North," have arrived in
Savannah to open a branch National
Bank>
A soldier who attended Christ Church
(Episcopal) writes to the Republican
that a very important part of the church
service was omitted, viz: The prayer for
the President of the United States and
all in civil authority, and also "for
Cony&H*," and asks, would it not be
well for the commander of the post to
send an order to Rev. Mr. Cooley ?
The* Republican says: "We will an
swer the above<*ey repeating what Gen
eral Sherman is reported to have said
when one of.tho.e rebel Episcopal di
vines called upon hrm to ascertain if he
would be allowed to pray for Jeff. Davis.
The General replied: '• Pray for Jeff.
Davis, why certainly! You ought to
pray for him every day, for Jeff. Davis
and the d—l need praying for very
much." We have heard a great deal said
in relation to this matter, and the omis
sion of the prayer for Uie President of
the United States has caused considera
ble commotion among both officers and
privates, as well as loyal citizens.
FROM GRANT'S ARMY,
Dispatches from the Army of the Po
tomac, dated on Wednesday, say that
the recent rains have produced a sudden
rise in the James river, and that all the
RW bottoms are overflowed. The water
has made its way through the Dutch Gap
canal, and a fair current is now running.
■ . i ■ ,i ■„ —gsgggggsgsggggn
*\TOTICR RESPECTING SAUT FOB
XJ
•aid ewmty entitled te SALT reevived leaf f*B, and
whtf hev«tailad to apply *nr the same aa4 take it
aray, are hereby netrfted that unless they «o m em
or Mere the SEOONO MOarrtAY I3T SmPPhKY
V£KT, ffteiag eeort day,) taati efll MULliii in
tha*4a r .e_T*e-***. *~ e%JJ^o|fS__e_ae_
Jt!__^__i^__f l J!_ >
B _*S*L*_ <fȣ"*W
w Jlf •Rmmmf. A w»TAJAMf.
pk, 1-—lurftr* ■ sWrl
fTOIE YANKBB BLOCKADE AKD*
J,™ B-UT-aB NEUTRALITY. .
CORRRSPONDiKCR.
■ } 1 , *
O- Bo.vac UMtr-b Statu* Stla-fie- \
5
AT Baa, May 11, 1864. )
Lord Lyons, Rncoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary for Her RritannU Majesty,
near Washington, United State* :
My Lord: X have respuctfully to represent to you
that I wan arretted yesterday on the high sea-, by
the United State* steamer Connecticut, bom the
deck «f tho British stea*br Greyhound, in which I
was a passenger tot Bei aiuda,«» route tor England,—
the Greyhound, at the time of capture, being about
one hundred and flltv miles out at _ea and Hying
the British ensign. Having gassed out of the lines
of blockade, and of contested territorial jurisdiction,
my right a» a passenger became, as I conceive, ana
lugous and tantamount to these of asylum under
the British flag; and, in this respect, 1 invoke its
protection, and that I may be permitted to pursue
my way to England.
I was on botrd the Greyhound in the ample and
exclusive character of a passenger. When arrested
there on the high seas I was proceeding to England
to fulfil an engagement for a liteiary work on tho
Confederate States, arc, with publisher* in London,
who had already printed two volumes I had com
posed of a similar nature ; and also to discharge a
private and domestic duty in visiting the relatives
of my wife, who is a native of England and a sub
ject of llor Britannic Majesty. lam not connected
with tho military service of the Confederate States,
and am charged with no public office or trust on
their behalf. These fact? inuybereadily established
by appropriate evidence; and in consideration of
them, I submit to your liordt-ip that, if iuteiposi
tion be necessary, 1 may be protected in those very
obvious rights, which i" invoke in- the character of
an innocent passenger on the high, seas, under the
British flag. • .
1 have the honor, &c, your obedient servant,
Eowauii A. I'oi.laro.
On Boa an British Sikamf.r Orrvhovno,)
Net York, May IP, I«6_, )
L»rd Lyons, Emvom Extraordinary, $*„ near
WuxhHigtoH, D. C.:
My Lord : The Greyhound, on which I am now
held as a prisoner, having been ordered to Boston,
and stopping here to coal, I take the opportunity to
enclose to your Lordship tho dupl.cate of a former
letter, written while I was a prisoner on board the
United States steamer Connecticut, and placed in
the hands of Commander John J. Almy, command
ing said steamer, for transmission : using the op
portunity thusto insure communication.
It is, doubtless, unnecessary to encumber the
statement I have already submitted to your Lord
ship with any argument. But there is one view of
the matter which it may not be unnecessary or pre
sumptuous to bring to your Lordship's attention.
It must frequently happen (as it has occulted in
my case)~that the Confederate States, from obvious
considerations of military prudence, deny all coia
munications through the United States, or other
adjoining territory, by land, and that, then, the
only possible mode of egress is by sen, on vessels
which pass through the line of blockade. li, on
board of one of these vessels, which carried the
British flag, and had passed out of the jurisdiction
claimed by the United States, I was not protected
from an* jt, then it follows that the passenger (be
he Englishman or Confederate) is made tha victim
of a necessity which he could not avoid, and far
which he is not responsible Such a rule would in
volve the rights of your own countrymen, my Lord,
and any passenger, whose misfortune it was that he
could not get out of the Confederate Stares; with
out cro-sing the ocean, might be. after he had passed
out of the lines of contested territorial jariedictid-,
hunted on the high seas as lawful prise, and be at
the mercy of any arbitrary arrest.
I did not take passage on board tho Greyhound
out of the port of Wilmington until I had ascer
tained to my satisfaction tnat she was a bona fide
British vessel, having undertaken the single voyage
in which she was captured under a charter party,
and entitled to carry the British flag, at least so f.l
•as to protect pasxemjer*, subject oi.ly to the risk oi
capture within the territorial limit asserted by the
United States. I trust th it my circumspect inn in
thi* matter has not been without avail, and that,
having sought the protection of the British in
good faith, and with an innocent purpose, I may
speedily realize it through the offices ot your Lord
ship.
1 have the honor Vj renew my respects.
Your obedient aervaat,
Eowaro A. roi.r.iuo.
Ox Board Stkamer GREVirorso, )
At Ska, May 14, 1864. *
Lord Lyons, Enroy Extraordinary, $c, for Her
Britannia Majesty, near Washington, United
Stats* :
My Lord: lam now held as prisoner on board
the British steamer Greyhound, wh ; eh is claimed as
a prize by the United States nteanv-hip Connecticut,
and is ordered, as I am informed, to the port of
Boston, where proceedings will be taken for her
condemnation. The ciicumstanees under which the
Greyhound was captured are peculiar, and involve
a question of the most obvious inteiest and gravest
import to Her Majesty _ Government and to the
rights of propei ty in hor subjects.
The Greyhound was, in good faith, and in all re
spects, a British vessel, and liad been chartered at
Bermuda to take out from the rort of Wilmington
certain private cotton purchased and paid for by
subjects of Great Britain, anl held exclusively on
their own account Not one pound of this cotton
belonged to my citizen of the Confcdciate States;
nor dil any such citizen have any interest whatever
in the vessel or her venture. Tour Lordship will be
easily able to determine from the ship's papers, and
.all otberauxumstances, that the nationality of the
Greyhoi-K wes not a disguise—an adopted conve
nience for running the blockade—but was in all re
spects a true and unalfected claim on the part of
her owners.
At the time of the caprure of the Greyhound, on
the 10th instant, she was in lat. 33 degs. 10 miv. 15
sec, and long. 75 degs. 47 mm. 45 sec. west, one
hundred and twenty-five miles from the nearest land,
flying the British ensign. She had passed out to
sea from the port of Wilmington without seeing a
Fcdetal cruiser, and without any visible evidence of
a blockade. But even if that blockade had existed,
and was something more than a vicious fiction, by
which Federal cruisers, instead of picketing the
coast, are permitted to take easy prizes on the high
Sf as, I submit to your Lordship that the Greyhound,
having once passed out the territorial limit, and
flying the British flag, not for the puyposes of con
cealment, but by clear title of right, could not be
outlawed on the high seas, and took the risks of
blockade only within the territorial jurisdiction
claimed by the United States. Any other rule would
extend the jurisdiction of the United States over
the high seas, and the flag of Iler Majesty's Go
vernment, carried there by a char title ia the ves
sel to fly it, would afford no protection.
As another circumstance of illegality in the cap
ture of the Greyhound—indeed, I may say aa one
of wholly unnecessary indignity—l have further to
state to your Lordship, that when tho vessel had
been brought to Newport News, the Commodore
present, the senior officer commanding the Federal
squadron, 'ommaaded the British flag on my vessel
to be hauled down, and the Federal flag to be hoisted
in its place. There is certainly no shadow of right
for such a proceeding until the vessel is condetnned
in due course of law; and of the spirit of .an act,
where the law and the rule of propriety which it
equally offends are both so plain, your Lordtbip
will doubtless have no difficulty in judging.
Trusting that the rights of the owners of the
Greyhound, which I am left for the piasent to re
present, will receive the attention of your Lordship,
and having every confidence in your lordship's sen
sibility to whatever touches the righto and honor of
Her Majesty's Government,
I have the honor, tec.
Your obedient servant, ,_
Or.oKOK ITbmbv,
Master, of the Greyhound.
IV.
__, - BaiTisn Lfo-tion, t
WAsm-Neves, 1). C , May 20,1664. j
fiir: It ia the usual snd terrcct practice that the
master and one or more of the other persons taken
S 1 •_"_* *J lw &* 1 ewcl <*Pt-**d for breach of
blockade ahonld be sent in the vessel to sport ofthe
sartor, in order the* their evidence may be token in
thj case; but if such persons he neutral, they ourlit
to he released as soon as they have giren their eri.
deuce, nnd their evidence ought to bo taken without
unnecessary del ay. , w, \
V* 1 ?" to *• 8 « e »» t « 1 7 <* <W*t« of tha*
TJnfced states to exprers my hope that you will be
set free immediately after your evideuca has been
ta_i ff&_&£&£ •*•"° *? -"""'-
olwurx■x__qwf«irar_! ,
_-____-_HMt tstsmxjm __*_____- *.# _>!_& *~_ m. _ - *"• e-^e*
oinsfrfßM crew or trie Greyhound who were taken
Mil M Ml. «__l __<f m__ .: _* -- ~—: .W ww.». •• "W
v» ' ■
Bo*roir,l_ay2e, IM4.
Lord Lymmt, EnroyErtroordinarp, Ae,for Bar
Dritannie Ma jetty, near, Washington, United
States:
Mr Lord: I have beefl detained here as a prisoner
one week to-day. notwithstanding tha notiScation,
under date of 2uth instant, with which your Lord
ship obliged me, to tha effect that yen bad applied
to the Secretary of State of the United States for my
release. _#__'•'_
There are two points in my case which I reg to
bring to your attention again in a precisa and bnot
recapitulation :
1. The Greyhound had passed out of the port of
WUrain? ton, without sight of a blockading vessel,
"and was taken by a crui<»er a' out one hundred end
fifty miles-out to sea. I desire to put the question
to your Ltedship, if the Government at Washington
can so change itf- tactics of blockade as to omit an
efficient guard of tho coast and take up vessels which
have come out of Confederate ports by fast-tailing
cruisers on the ocean highway j for such I wag in
formed, by an offleer of the United States steamer
Connecticut, was the rccontlv adopted and easy
plan of taking prizes, the fruits of which your
Lordship may have observed in tho capture of four
vessels as prizes in a tingle week,each taken for out
on the high sea*. *
2. The Greyhound was thoroughly a British ves
sel ; the British flag she carried was not a decoy,
and that flag covered me offer I kni patsed out of
the territorial jurisdiction of the United States;
and, even in case* it did not protect vessel or cargo,
((minting, for argument, these to be of an illicit
character,) protected me as an innocent passenger;
eh c, having no other egress from the Confederate
States, the passenger would be the victim of his ne
cessity ; aud, else again, if a citizen of the Confede
rate States, net con traland, could be ou_awe lon the
hiyh Bias, under that flag, flyicgona bona fide Bri
tish vessel, why not a subject or citizen of any other
Government: If the flag was a reality at all, it
certainly should give protection on the ocean high
way to a passenger who was pursuing objects of pri
vate convenience, and certainly was, not amenabk
to any military penal iea of the Government at
Washington.
Begging that your Lordship will acquit me of the
chaise of importunity in a matter the importance
of which is by no means altogether personal to
myself, I have the honor, &c,
* Your obedient servant,
Edwaro A. Poixarp.
T». S—l telegraphed your Lordship on the 24tb
instant to obtain liberty for me to see you in Wash
ington in the interest of the Greyhound, but have
received no reply: hence these lines.
** Another circumstance: It is true, that if the
blockade-runner be seen ia flagrante delicto passing
the territorial Hues, she may be pursued and taken
on tho high seas But the Greyhound was not pur
sued ; she was waylaid on the highway of the seas.
Such a practice would convert the blockade into a
system of r«ving commissions, and might as well If
predicated of the coast of Bermuda as of that of tlit
Confederate States.
VI.
B_m?it Lj'uatjox, WaarnxoTOKJ I». C,»
May 2>J, tSU. )
Sir: I have received your letter of the day before
yesterday.
On receiving your telegram of the 24th instant,
stating that you were charged to represent to rr.<
the fbcts of the case of the Greyhound and Uie in
terests of the owners, I sent by telegraph instruc
tions to Her Majesty's consul at Boston to a.-k you
to communicate on"these matters with hisn for mj
inf mnatioii. I have to-day received from him an
account of an interview which he had wifh you the
day before yesterday.
I will request the consul to sec that any British
subjects interested in the Greyhound have proper
facilities fbMdefending their interests before the
Prize CourtTThis is all I cun do at present. I hav<
referred the case to Her Majesty's Government, and
I deem it right to wait for instructions from them
before taking further steps.
* I urn. sir, year obedient servant,
JDttrord A. Pollard, £su. Lroxs.
Four Wakukn, Bovroa ILtnpoa, )
July 2 [should he June 2], IKO4. i
Lord Lyme, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary for Her Hrllannic Majesty,
near Washington :
My Lord: I have been honored by your attention
in two letters, which, I beg leave to state, very re
spectfully, hove left me in some confusion of mind
as to your Lordship's views and intentions with re
ference to my case. On the 20th ultimo, you write
that you had "expressed your hope" to the Secre
tary of State of the United States that I should be
"set free immediately," &c.; and on the 28th ul
timo you do not but what has been the issue of
that hope; and while referring to the prize pro
ceedings against the Greyhound, you make no re
ference whatever to my personal olaims of pro
tection by the British -flag 'as a passenger on the
high seas. In the meantime, I have been impri
soned in Fort Warren, by oiders from Washington,
without notice, without trial, and without being ad
vised of any charge whatever against me.
It is true that Her Majesty's consul at Boston
mentioned to me that he understood that you bad
written the first letter, assuring me of my "claim o!
liberty, under the impiession that I was a BriuVk
subject: an impression which your Lordship will
do mo the justice to observe was not derived from
any statement of mine, or any implication of mj
cortespondeuce. But I cannot see the force of the
distinction. If I had been on it
seemed I would have teen entitled to my release:
why .'—by grace of the Wasliingron authorities or
by force of .* The former supposition) I think
I may safely say, would be icseutcd by yourself, a
well aa by your Government, my Lord ; and if the
release, then, is to be put on any grounds of right,
then the case of the Englishman would be no bet
ter than my own. The flag would, protect me as
well as him. It either must be a piece of buuting,
and protects nothing; or, if it protects anything, it
would protect all pfieengtra alike. As fir as the
question is that of citizens or persons, it belongs to
my own Government, and I am willing to rest it
there; but as a question involving the British ling
on the high seas, which either sinks there all other
insignia and distinctions of nationality, and pro
tecs* all pasfengors alike, or is an unmeaning din
play, I have brought it to the consideration of your
Loidship, and respectfully asked your decision. 1
cannot find that tho latter is stated or intimated
in the letters of your Lordship, to which I have had
the honor to refer.
I have, etc., your obedient servant,
EnwAun A. Pollard.
vm.
British Lkoatiok, Washington, D. C, I
• June 9, 1861. j
Sir: I received, on the 6th instant, a letter from
you, dated (evidently by mistake} 2d of July. In
answer to it, I can only say that I have inferred
your case to Her Majesty's Government, and sent
them copies of your letters to me, and that, while
waiting for instructions from them, I do not feel at
liberty to discuss the subject. Whatever orders
they may think proper to givo wili be immediately
executed by me.
— I am, sir, your obedient servant,
_~-....-. Lyuxs.
E. J., pollard, Eitj., Fort Wairen.
IX.
Ik Patsow, at Fobt W__bb* , Bosto* HAneon, I
July 11,18t*. \
Lord Lyons, Efroy Extraordinary, <f<i, /~- jfr-
Brxlannie Majesty, near Washington, U. C. :
MyLordtWdl you please inform me what re
sults hare been reached, or proceedings taken, by
Her Majesty's Government with r .ferenro to tax
'appliestion for release from this prison by vntue of
the protection of the British flag, under which I was
taken Qfetlie high seas.
I was brought here from a sick bad, at an hour's
notice, and have beeu-efflictod in «ry confinement
with partial paraljais; and I am aura that this
much said of the extremity of my situation will be
sufficient to acquit me of importunity in aaam seek.
leg at the lianas of your LJadahif a
my sufferings, i —-*-«ww«»
I have the honor, *c, your obedient servant,
Eowsato A. You,*.**.
.X.
__. _ \
WAeaiaeTo*. D. a, July 11, 1884. j
*ir: Your letter ofthe 11th instant reached me'
yesterday. In reply to the questiw which yo» a*h
I have to inform y.u that 1 leceivVd y**tordav%&
ttraoon the answer of Her Majesty's Oovernmanl
to the dispetches,whieh I afctoeWro iiSSSRE
subject of tiie capture of the Grey hound, and in
whjeh centos* yoe* letreri.Tme. *
The general iuarvuetiona of Her Mei~*tv'a Go.
rerwont rrceludo my tntemjna, witfc^«*JS
_____r__^h_^Wi__^^
hays not, m the aresaat \\mtTk*
t**re to your bV__df,toVetewo^f^ l t
absuialVniihdrnso. . ,r f -7"'."^^.r'
t m. tßKfrni oWffiani servant,
XI. **
Parr Wane-*, Berrew Hark», >
/*» JulyK, 1804. i
Lord Lyon*. Envoy Extraordinary for Her Rritat.
Nic Majesty, near Washington, D. C.:
MV Lord: I thank you for your courtesy in t •
plying to my different letters. 1 haw, of course i_»
further claim to ma kv upon it in that regard, lint
it is not improper that I should express a rcsperful
d'RiM-nt from th°s conclusion you have reached, and
inform you that whonever released fiom prison X
shall prefer to the Home Government of Her M*.
jesty a formal claim for indemnity tor a
and crnel imprisonment, to which I consider I h iv
butn subjected by the foil tiro to obtain that p:ot< <■-
tion under a neutral flag which was dv" to m •
under the law of nations and th'tt of humanity.
•I cannot concede, what is certainly a novel a n ,i
inhuman doctrine in international law, that «./;«,.
senyer on a British vessel which. h&< broken tha
blockade is co tainted in the ■_■__ of Modtade
that he may be taken on the high teas, under the
neutral flag, as human prize by his enemy. Jf. •_. i
anf left to understand, my Lord, this it the posh-on
of your Government, it follows that it assents to a
system f»f ki-iuipning under ita Hag on tint hirh
seas, and establishes aguinst itself an estmndiaf
trm koext. For if I, a passenger, w.is a legal pri/.,
on the Greyhound, thea the B.iu*l> mmeaftt in the
same eircuinstances is equally so, b; it»g DO more
protected by the British dig on the high seas than
I should be myself; and if, in the-e same etrerua
stances, the Englishman does not share my t tu-,
but is absolved by diplomatic ip terrairion, thM h
ihefaror of the YaC-tee(government, wjtieh in./ at
any time be withdrawn.
At one time, your Lordship wrote roc that y«,ii
had rea c&tcd my release. At another time v,u
write that you cannot interfere in arybehslj inaay
manner whatever. lam left to iruu#iae that thrfc
ia no other cause for this contradiction than that I
am a citizen of a fiitn'ik ■ s and persecuted 5 govern
ment, towards whrc-Tyours, my Lord, professes n.u
trality, but, I must say, practfees iroifortQ disfavor.
Whenever Metered to liberty 1 shall have lull op*
pertanity to testify to the damage of my iaspnsoa*
inrnt,aameisuie ofthe indemnity 1 shall claiai
from the British Government. But your Lordship
wili already perceive from the cncloeod copy of my
lctti r to the Secretary of tho United SlaU-s N_yy,
which has uever been answered or aetieed by him,
Aat I have la. vain entreated a parola on account
of my health, in c-fcuasataaces which appeal not
on'y to sentiment; of pity, but to the towcat •> .._.•>. i
ot humanity.
I trust t_at your Lordship will fin 1 neHiiai, in
whe_ I hava written incm-istcnt with the high
and courteous consideration due personally to your- ■
self, or improper to b • comuiunirnte<l, as I dc; irr. to
rour O-Vet-aeeat, in the featereett of justice;«. I hu«
Inanity. I have ihe honor &c,
Your obedient servant,
Sbvaas A. Potx_xo,
XoTKS.
Tho Uw of blockade was early defined in this
eountrv under the pressure of the Biiiiah orders in
council and blockade of IW6 in retaliation f-r the
Berlin decree, at which time we and tha elaborate
protests of Madison against "the mockeries and ;:i>
ehiefi practised urvderthe name-ef bJeekades.*' The
doctrine of fictitious blockades was tbeaexpkJcd,
and Great Britain was compelled to Conform her
practice to the definition made ia her convention
pith Russia in I6e_i te tbeeffttt that a block ... i
port wa* only sach as there aa " evident dan
ger In entering."
In thiswe* 1 fee United States hart s on, ~ sir "*•
yond those abuses of fictitious h&fetdt-e, which «ho
formerly made -wbiecta of roth violent comphnrtt,
and has practic-'.ly converted th<* blockade which
she asserts of the Ctntfedorate coasts int. a fvstein
ot' roving commissions, by which vessels nol cU'tsrJ
from the blockade linen are waylaid and taken as
by cruisers on tho ocean highway. Captures, euca
as that of the Greyhound, are acts of pirory.
But, in tho above coriespondence, a second £oittt
is discovered. It is contended that not cr.iy was the
Greyhound not good prise, but that the taking s
pas eager from the shelter of her thi£; was un ut;
gravation of the capture, and the plain ifl'eu.e oi
kidnapping.
On the second point we have Amerioan authority
so deou ive and abundant, that not an inch of grout) i
is left for the Uovernment at Washington, which
still uses the stylo, and, of course, i 3 bound by the
precedents of the Cnitcd States, whcieon to deu-t.d
surh a violation, cf a neutral Hag.
It was Daniel Webster who put a well-recognizi d
principle of international law in this neat para---:
"That a fchip on the high seas was part of the ni
ttc_r_ territory." It was on this grwnfinkst tb«
United States defended the rights oi her flag against
every claim which Great Britain ever made ct arrest
under it. ! '-
In a letter of instruction?, written in 18(»1, by Mr.
Madison, then Secretary of State, to Mr. Jioiuoe,
resident minister in London, there is a plain and
complete enunciation of the doctrine contended ta
in the above correspondence. Befciring to the hn
niunities of a neutral ilag, as recogiuzed by Great
Britain, the Secretary writes : ■ _
M She will not deny the general fiecdom of the
high seas, and of neutral vessels navigating theiii,
with such exceptions only as are annexed to it by
the law of nations. • » « Bttt naSehere-trill $h«
find an escejttion to this freedom of the sens, and "i
ncutra!flays, which Justifies ihetakin-j avay of <>-■:•>
person\ not an enemy in military scrcir • found •• ■»•
board a neutral vessel. If treaties, lb it ►•_ a.- Well
•as others, are to bo consulted on this subject,
is will equally appear that no countenance to the
practice can be found in them. Whig* they sdmit
acon'raband of war, by enumerating its articles,
md the effect ef area] blockade by defining it, in
no instance do they sfitrns or in.ply a right in _n?
aovereign Jo enforce his claims & tho ajtsgianre "1
his subject? on board neutral yotstts on the /'■
seas; on the contrary, whenever a belligerent claim
against persons on board n eeastal vessel la re* md
to in treaties, meatus in military service adorn arc
excepted from the general immunity of persons in
that situation ; and this exception confirms the Un
uiunity of tho.-e who aie not included In it. • • •
If the law of allegiance, which is a msunicipai Ui*r,
be in fibres at all on the high seas on hoard n>r< i_ii
vessels, it must be so at all ti los Caere, us it ifl >■■. li
mits acknowledged sphere. If the aaasoSj alleged
for it be good in time of war, namely, that the - ••
reign has then a right to the service ot all his -v'••
jeets, it must be good at all tiu.es, because he ha* thj
Staae right to their service. • • • 'inking :• a
son and justice for the tests of tin* practice, it i«
peculiarly indefensible, because it deprives thedear
est rights of persons of a ri'guUr trial, to wha h :;v
most inconsiderable article Of prop*, rty captured on
the high seas is entitled, and leaves th ir destiny to
-heww of as officer." 'Am. Slate Papers. \ '■■
111. foreign Bclations, p. M.) ja I.' -1-'
TliE PUBLIC PKAYKIi MEETINGS,
held with especial reference to the condition iff
our country, under tltcdirection of the Young -Ten's
Christian Association, will be h*ld on Tills i '-■* *"
d*y) and THURSDAY AM HRXOON*, <*t i«
o'clock, in the LECTURE-ROOM of the & •-••
Baptist Church corner of Mmv and Sistii ft
AU Christians are invited to uuitc in Ibis service,
ja 17-U*
YOUNG MEN'S CIiKISTIAK ASSO
CIATION.—The monthly meeting of the A -_-.
sociatiou wdl.be hfld THIS bVT_NTN*G, Jan__r*»
17th, at the LECTURE-ROOM of the I aited Pres
byterian Church, \L>r Read's;, at «"i o'cl■►■ k. ehsn
interesting addresses may be expect*, d. A full »t
--tendance of members is very desirable. j» 17—It
FLOUR FOR SALE— bands <•?
JXOUR for sale by one who beufhl it for
gold, and will ««.:! it tor the same, Th- only r. .->•>
for doing so is, that it wto be used by o_o »-<* '■''
going thr«»uih the Unes. louair,- a;
WILLIAM T. LIMXSAY'S feed t-r?,
ja 17--It* corner vf Fdth and sti< *''
IJOUND, on Christinas day (2oth ultimo).
"I 7«n the sidewalk near the tuket alike of the
Richmond nnd Fredericksburg railroad. <i QOLI*
BRACELET, which the owner e.»n g*t by tabing **«
the ofrl •«• w f the QuM-rernta-ter-General, cwtci ol
Bank and Tenth streets, thud door, MmS&fyW ta ' ;
same, and paying for this adveitisvtuent.
________ ; r* * 7 ~™ .-
WOOD, WOOD —For snle, a limits
supply of good MR. KOBY WOOU »1 '•»*•*
ties of six, twelve, Ac, curds, to be eVUvtrrd » f ' '.'
Yiteinia Central Railroad depot. Address S- *••
REI»U, box l.ftftt, RndniJond post-vrh c.
ia \7- eed4t» _
F' 'OJfc RALE, a two or tbi**-*"***
WAGON, with iron axles, as good a- »'.«•«•
witb BBJTtJIKX and TRAf--* for two hor '
can bo earn at the shep of Mr l>. is «m;\ •';
Eighth, between Cory and Cap*! street* j* »• -' -_
FOR fcUVLK, I cltfat of CAKPKNTF.K S
TOOLS, fuU ?et; complete in see** J*tj"f*'
tor, and nearly new, m%\ a h>. of S»»' *TLh».-
AeMx to J, W. VKh YAKM, Pruggud.
jet?—* * ' Seventeenth«__^_.
but
IC_9fT» Y_UQtH ft CO-.
jalT-ff ~ AnstitaevPi.

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