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4 gtirfrmenu- gispiclj. BY J. A. OOWARDIN A CO. Ty*M» or urssTßtPTiox : DaHa rnprr. —F<>r ons year, on* Hcsnar.o poi.- I_as' fix months, nrrv doi.i.aha; three month.", rw so it-TV 00-Aaaj ; one month, tkn pom. is*. Aasaai and Sows IValers will be furuihhod at thirty at I ISO per hundred copies. All order* MM* be accompanied with the money, to |nsis attention; and all remittances mf mail wilH-e at the ri*k of those who make thwm. Airertxting. —Advertisement* will be inserted a t the rate of thrvk poi i.ars per square for each in wrtion. Bight lines ;or lew) constitute a square. Larger advertisement* in exact proportion. Advertisements published till forbid will be charged thrkk poi.j.ah* per square for every inser tion. THURSDAY MOUNINO MARCH !», ISM. Without presuming to intrude into the province of the clergy, we may conceive it possible that some of them will, to morrow, give us a text from the book of Job. It is not the only book in the in spired record, by any means, that is suitable to that occasion. It is impossi ble, indeed, to open a book or a chapter of the sacred volume that does not teach a lesson of submission and fortitude, and '•vindicate the ways of God to man." A very learned man says : 4< He hath observed, in the histories of all ages, that the great events which determine the fate of great afTairs do happen less frequently, according to (human) design, than by (what are called) accident and occasion, our enterprises here below are derived from above ; and we are but engines and actors of pieces that are composed in ]leaven. Homo kittrio, Devs vera peeta est: 'God is tne sovereign poet'; and we cannot refuse the part which he ap points us to bear in thosscene. All our business is to act it well; cheerfully complying with Hisorders concerning us, and submitting ourselves to the direction of His Providence." It is a tradition of the Jews that when Moses was sent by God into Egypt, and beheld the grievous atlliction of his people under Pharaoh, he took tho pains to trans late the book of Job into their language out of the Syriac, wherein it was first written, to comfort them in their lament able condition. "Be ye constant, oh children of Israel," said Moses, "do not faint in your minds, but sutler grief, and bear these evils patiently, as did that man whose name was Job ; who, though lie was a righteous and faithful person, yet suffered the sorest torment by the malice of the Devil; as you do now most unjustly from Pharaoh and the Egyp tians. Do not despair of a better condi tion ; you shall be delivered as Jobwwats t and have a reward of your tribulations, like that which God gave to ni-n." To which it is added by a Christian writer, that the early Christian Church was wont to read the book of Job upon fasting days and days, of abstinence, an 1 of the days commemorative of our Sa viour's sufferings, of which they thought they saw a figure in the sufferings of Job; as of our Saviour's resurrection and exaltation, in Job's wonderful re-> covery and advancement to a greater height of prosperity. The same writer adds: " Bat the principal benefit which I hope the alllicted will reap by this book is, to be persuaded thereby that all things are ordered and disposed by Almighty God; without whose com mand or permission, neither good angels, nor the Devil, nor men, nor any other creature, can do anything. And that as His power is infinite, so is His wisdom and goodness; which is able to bring good out of evil. And therefore we ought not to complain of Him in any condition, as if He neglected us, or dealt hardly with us; but rather cheerfully submit ourselves to His blessed will; which never doeth anything without rea son, though we cannot always compre hend it. To that issue God himself at last Wings all the disputes between Job and his friends; representing His works throughout the world to be so wonderful and unaccountable that it is tit for us to acknowledge our ignorance, but never accuse His providence ; if we <*nnot see the cause why He sends afflic tion, or continues it long upon Us; in stead of murmuring or complaining, in such a case, this book effectually teaches ■C to resign ourselves absolutely to Him j silently to adore and reverence the unsearcUble depth of Mia wise «ounseU; contentedly to bear what He inflicts upon us; still to assert His DAILY righteousness, in the midst of the calam ities which befall the good, and in the most prosperous successes of the wicked; and steadfastly to believe that all, at last, shall turn to our advantage, if, like His servant Job, we persevere in faith and hope and patience." The condition of Job in his prosperity was not unlike that of many large plant ers and farmers of the South in, better dayß. He was rich in land and cattle, and had large numbers of slaves. The' most unlimited plenty and hospitality reigned in his dwelling and the dwell ings of his family. The birthdays of his children were celebrated with inno cent feasting aad merriment, as well as accompanied by prayer and sacrifice. It was upon such a man as this—devout, generous, genial, illustrious for virtue as for wealth—that the Devil was permitted to turn loose fire, sword, hurricane, di sease ; to strip him of children, servants, prosperity and health ; to make him an object of scorn to his own friends, and to reduce him so low in the regards of men that he exclaimed: " They that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to sot with the dogs of my flock." " And now am I their song, yet, I am their by word." How many a Southern patriarch, exiled from his home, and bereft of his possessions, can look back with Job, and say: "Oh that I were'as in months past, as in the days when God preserved me," 4 * when the Almighty was yet with me, whey my children were about me, when I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of oil." Yet, amidst all his reverses and humiliations, Job did not deny tho Providence of God ; he bore his disasters with resolution, with resignation, and even with hearty thanksgiving. If such a man could be permitted thus to suffer,sand could conclude that the best of men are but vile in the sight of God, we of-this generation can scarcely present any superior claims to the indul gence of Heaven. The purest and noblest of our people, who have been reduced from allhrence to poverty, and are mourning over better days, may well exclaim : v What, shall we receive good at the hands of the Lord, and shall we not suffer evil f* and heed the counsel of St. Basil: " Remember all the past happiness thou hast enjoyed, and oppose better unto worse. No man's life is en tirely and thoroughly happy. If thou art grieved at what is present, fetch thy comfort from what thou hast received before. Now thou weepest, but formerly thou didst laugh ; now thou art poor, but there was a time when thou wantedst nothing. Then thou drankest of the pure fountain of life; be content and drink now more patiently of the troubled waters. Behold the rivers, their streams are not clear in all places; and our life, thou knowest, is like to one of them, which slides away continually,|and is oft times full of waves, which come rolling one upon another : one part of this river is passed by, and another is running on its course. This part of it is gushing out from the fountain, and the next is ready to follow as soon as it is gone,— And thus we are all making great haste to the common sea; Death, I mean, which swallows up all at last." The London Timet remarks that whether Poland was made over to Rus sia in the last settlement of Europe as a trust or a gift, it has certainly proved a fatal possession. Poland, says the Times, has been ruled by three Russian Emperors since 1815, and has been a difficulty to all of them. Alexander and Nicholas would have left better names in history had they not been Kings of Poland. The judgment Eu rope has passod on them has been mate rially influenced by the system of. go vernment they authorized or permitted in this portion of their dominions. It identified the Russian power and the Russian name with the worst kind of despotism, and made it a kind of terror to the nations of the, West To repel any further encroachments, in any di rection, by such a Government, appeared worth every sacrifice, and the feeling at last found expression in the war, from the effects of which Russia hss not yet recovered. France, England and Ger many judged the whole tendency of Russian policy by what Poland suffered under it more than by the internal ad ministration of Russia itself. And what material advantage hat the GoTcn-ment RICHMOND, VA., THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 9, 1865. of the Emperor derived from the posses sion of Poland to compensate for the Europe ? It has not added to the strength of the empire nor its prosperity. In peace, it was alwsys ne cessary to keep a large army in Poland. It has always been garrisoned and occu-* pied as a hostile territory. Poor and discontented, the history of the connection of Poland with Russia is one unvarying record of calamity to both nations. Contact, as rulers, with a mqpe civilized people than themselves seems only to have developed all that is barba rous in the Russian qharacter. A people with any capacity for governing would have found some better mode of adminis tration possible than the brute force which can only destroy what it finds ex isting—even us own prosperity. If tbe authority ©f a Government can only be maintained by exterminating its subjects, something higher than the obligations of treaties is violated. The Russians are now to Poland what the Turks were to Hungary. Government, in the ordinary sense of tho word, has ceased to exist ~ Russiahas lost everything that makes the possession of a territory an advan tage. The army it is obliged to keep up must absorb more than the revenue of the kingdom. Commerce, agriculture, every kind of enterprise, is perishing. It would be an incalculable gain to Rus sia if she abandoned the kingdom of Poland to itself; to govern it, even by the sword, against the hostility of the whole population, is impossible. If there be a science of government, adds the Times, the Russians seem to be most deficient in it. That Government seems to have no principle or expedient at command except the savage process of exterminating all opposed \p it The operation is not so easy as the extermi nators imagine. The attempt to Rus sianize Poland has now been carried on for thirty years, and has ended, so far, by leaving Russia with nothing in Poland but its army. The immediate appeal to forco, Lays tho Times, indicates a want ot the high qualities of statesmanship Governments were made for men; but the Russian idea is that man was made for the Government, and that the human race must be exterminated rather than its peculiar system should be modified or abandoned. The New York Tribune' publishes a long report, read by 11. W. Beecher to his congregation, of a meeting between Hon. E. If. Stanton, United States Secre tary of War, and General Sherman, on the one part, "and a number of colored class leaders, deacons and divines, on the other." This latter body chose 44 Garrison Frazier, a colored gontleman," to make answer to the inquiries of the white men touching the ideas of war, of the rebels, and of the United States Go vernment, prevalent among the colored population of the South. The report is manufactured with little ingenuity, the language put in the mouths of the African interlocutors being quite equal in correctness and appropriateness to any which Mr. Beecher himself could em ploy. Of course the sentiments "ex pressed an opposition to slavery and to tho rebel Government, and warm friend ship to the United States. Being asked in what manner they would rather live,-—whether scattered am9hg the whites, or in colonies by themselves, — the reply was that they would prefer to live by themselves. Being asked what would be the effect if the rebel leaders were to arm the slaves, the reply was that, in their opinion, " they would fight as long as they were before the bayonet, and just as soon as they could get away they would desert," which is what white men sometimes do. They were not asked—at least there is no re cord of it—whether, if offered their freedom and a home, they would be faithful. It is not likely that such shrewd interrogators as Stanton aqd Sherman could have overlooked such a question, and perhaps he got an answer which it is not thought advisable to pub lish. Being, asked what was the under standing of the colored, people of the mode of enlistment in the rebel States by State agents; under the act of the Federal Congress, the reply was, " that colored persons enlisted by State agents are enlisted as substitutes, and give credit to the States, and do not swell the army, because every black man enlisted Iby a State agent lea?ts a white man at DISPATCH home; and, also, that larger bounties are given or promised by State agents than are given by the States. The great object should be to push through this rebellion the*shortest way, and there seems to be something wanting in the enlistment by State agents, for it does not strengthen the army, but takes one ajray for every colored man enlisted. "Eleventh: State what, in your opin ion, is the best way to enlist colored men for soldiers. "Antwer: I think, sir, that all com pulsory operations should be put a stop to. The ministers would talk to them, and the young men would enlist It is my opinion that it would be far better for the State agents to stay at home, and the enlistments to be made for the United States under the direction of General Sherman." General Sherman having retired, the question was asked: " What is the feel ing of the colored people in regard to General Sherman; and how far do they regard his sentiments and actions as friendly to their rights and interests, or otherwise V " ' . "Answer: We looked upon General Sherman, prior to his arrival, as a man, in the providence of God, specially set apart to accomplish this work, and we unani mously feel inexpressible gratitude to him, looking upon him as a man that should be honored for the faithful per formance of his duty. Some, of va called upon him immediately upon his arrival, and it is probajble he would not meet the Secretary with more courtesy than he met us. His.conduct and deportment toward us characterized him as a friend and a gentleman. 'We have confidence in General Sherman, .and think that what concerns us could not be under better hands. This is our opinion now from the short acquaintance and interest we have had. (Mr. Lynch states that, with his limited acquaintance with Ge neral Sherman, he is uwvillhig to express an opinion. All others present declare their agreement with Mr. Fra_ier about General Sherman.)" This is the substance of the long re port read by Mr. Beecher in support of the right of the black man to universal suffrage. lie stated that tho document W*a a tu<rl><(ltt>h phonogr_j>l«io report of the questions that were put and the an swers elicited. But for that statement there might be some doubt about the "verbatim" part of the business. "The negroes may he aa -assrior race up North, j but not down here by a good deal " So says the Charleston correspondent' of the New York 'Tribune. What has made the difference ? Why is it that those who have been trained in the school of freedom are inferior to those who have been trained in the school of slavery ? The leading commercial and manufac-1 turing men in the North must look with j considerable solicitude at tho anticipated consummation of abolition triumph- in r those States whose peculiar products have made tho United States one of the first commercial and manufacturing na- I tions of modern times. The probable I amount of cotton and rico which will be raised by free labor is a most interesting question to solve. At best, it is notcer-1 tain that voluntary negro labor will equal j the amount produced by slave labor. — Experiments in other countries are not encouraging. St. Domingo and Jamaica J are calculated to beget a certain degree of despondency. There is a possibility that the newly-emancipated Africans may be of opinion that they have worked enough all their lives, and that the time has come for rest and recreation. We do not know that we have any right to an opinion on the subject, but we have sometimes suspectivl or imagined-that there is a lack of energy and enterprise in the African constitution, taken as a whole, and that, with occasional excep* tions, it prefers, a contemplative to an active life. If it should turn out that, after becoming free, they will work no more than is n eoessary to supply the few wants of man in a fertile country, it would be a sad trial to the commer cial and manufacturing interests." The United Sta tee would, in that event, be no longer the great cotton and commerce Republic, and would become a very com monplaeu, Canadian kind of country. Its decline in material power and great ness would be oompensated, however, by tbe demon* coloration of bating »• I v • crificed such paltry coiwideratfons as national prosperity and individual wealth at the sacred shrine of Philanthropy. MEETING OF THE PEOPLE, OP HENRICO. ■ In Henrico County Court this day, on the motion of the Commonwealth's At* torney, John B. Young, Esq., the session of the court and grand jury was ad journed for a short time, to give place to a general meeting of the people, for the purpose of devising ways and means for obtaining supplies for the Army of 1 Northern Virginia. On motion of Mr. Young, John Net tles, Esq., presiding* justice, was ap pointed chairman, and Mr. James T. Redd appointed secretary. Before entering upon the proposed the following preamble and resolutions, offered by Colonel Thomas 11. Ellis, were adopted; without discus-* sion: _ * Whereas, the Congresfe of the Con federate States, for reasons declared by joint resolution, have invited the people of these States to assemble in public meetings and manifest anew their spirit of devotion to the cause of Independence, we, the people of Henrico county,- do therefore resolve: I. " That having taken up arms in the beginning of this war from a convic tion of right, and impelled by a seme of duty and honor, we meet the conse quences now without despondency or complaint; that the difficulties and em barrassments with which we contend, and the disasters which have befallen uu, do but inspire us with a firmer determina tion to devote our efforts and resources to resist the inhuman warfare still waged against us ; and that, accepting the du ties imposed upon US by the. present season of- trial and adversity, we pledge ourselves, by every sacrifice of service and of property, to maintain, as far as we can, the position of independent sove reignty which has been assumed by our State and the Confederacy. .2. " That recognizing the constancy and valor of our troops heretofore, we urge them, by all the privations and suf ferings they have endured, by the memory of their comrades who lave fallen, and by the glories of their un equal contest, to nerve themselves for further and even greater ( efforts here after, so that (citizens and soldiers alike performing their full duty) the world may know that we are a people resolved upon independence, and worthy of its blessings. r>. ** i'ha f , considering the cause and course of this war, we should regard a reconstruction of the Union upon any terms as simply shame and dishonor. 4. " mat it is tne duty ol those who remain at home to aid in supporting the families of our needy soldiers ; and there fore we promise such systematic mea sures, in this regard, as may seem to be necessary and proper. 5. "That we have unshaken confi dence in the ability, patriotism and devo tion of President Davis; and applauding him for what he has accomplished in furtherance and support of our country's cause, we would cheer and sustain him I in the performance of tho high duties of his responsible office. 6. ** That tho appointn-ont of Gonaral Lee as General-in Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States is received by us with great satisfaction; we confide in his ability to use to the utmost polsible ad vantage the means placed at his disposal; and we trust that ho may be preserved from all peril, to glorify with us the only Giver of all victory. 7. "That with reference to the em ployment of negroes as soldiers in our army we defer to the opinion of the General-in-Chief that it is expedient and | necessary—and therefore we will not withhold from him such an element of strength; it being our purpose to dedi cate the whole power of the country to drive back the invader and secure the triumph of our arms. 8. 4 * That we welcome to our midst our returned prisoners of war, whose loyalty and fortitude, evinced under the most trying circumstances, entitle them to- our admiration, sympathy and respect y. *« That the Congress of the Con federate States having invited the Pre»i- j dent to appoint a day of public fasting, humiliation and prayer, with thanks giving, and the President having ap pointed the 10th instant for that purpose, we accept it as a solemn duty, and will Kthe day in a becoming spirit foung then introduced to the the Rev. Cornelius Walker, I). > made a forcible and admirable on the duty and necessity of con- X supplies of food for the Army _crn Vii-giiiia, He sppke of the as an emergency demanding vigorous and efficient action; to the rumors which had lately d of an-intention on £*J_£_f ernment to evacuate Richmond, .ressod the opinion that __£". tiondemmdsmore upon the people tA home, more upon their coming up to the necessity of the occasion, *hf» «I»J «• SSs 7 at the front He depicted the consequences of evacuation to the people of the city and-of the surrounding coun try- consequences from which there could be no escape exoept by a course of individual conduct not to be thought of in connection with duty and principle. NUMBER 58. He appealed toffee people cf titfeoonftty not to let the heave im who are-Venting for us—onr rights of property, onr per sonal safety and onr Independence suffer for what he was persuaded might Im, and he was sure ought to be, efecer fully and immediately contribnted-HWid he urged upon all to make donations, sale?, cr loans of sabaJatonco or 1.01107; to give, it may be, out of their poverty, even as they had been in the habit of giving out of their abundance. At 4h# conclusion of his remarks, ha offered th* following resolutions for adoption: 1. "Resolved, That tbe Justices of this Court be authorised tc_ appoint n committee of three for each macUtirial d ; strict to make effort for the raising of further supplies to the army. 2. "Resolved, That said committee be authorized to receive at once or hereafter contributions m food or money.** The resolutions were sustained in ap propriate remarks by Messrs. Robert A. Mayo, John N. Davis; John B. Young, Daniel Radcliffe and WiUiamF. G. Ger nett, and, having been seconded by Captain Joseph J. English, were unani mously adopted. It was announced that the Bureau of Subsistence had already appointed Messrs. William F. D. Garnett, John A. Hutcheson and George a committee for Henrico county, to call the attention of every family to the wants of the army, and to urge them to contribute, in some way, as large a por tion of their supplies as can possibly bo spared. • __ To act in cooperation with that com* mittee, the Justices of the Court then appointed the following committees under the first resolution offered by tha Rev. Dr. Walker, to wit: First District: W. C. Knight, R. A. Mayo, Jackson F. Childrey. Second District: Miles Eggleston, Joe. J. English, P. H. Huffman. Third District: James M. Carter, D. S. Delaplaine, George W_ Carter. Fourth District: B. W. Green, Jr., William C. Moncure, Henry Austin. On motion, the meeting then adjourned. John Nettles, Chairman. James T. Redd, Secretary. GOVERNOR VANCE'S ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF NORTE CAROLINA. The following is the patriotio address of Governor Vance to the people of North Carolina, which has been men* tioned by telegraph: Fellow citizens,—The necessities of our country, as represented by our Con federate authorities, impels me again to appeal to your generosity. You are aware that, in consequence of interruption to our railroad communica tions by rocent movements of the enemy, the subsistence of General Lee's army has become greatly jeopardized. For at lea3t a few months that army* wi|l have to*rely for subsistence upon North Ca rolina and Virginia alone. lam informed by the Commissary Department that tho usual methods of collecting supplies will be insufficient for the purpose. In reference to this point, I need only cite the authority of General Lee him* • self, who writes as follows in regard ton similar appeal to the people of Virpnia: " I cannot permit myself to doubt tnat the people will Tespond to it, when they reflect upon the alternative presented to [them. They have simply to choose I whether they will contribute such com* 1 missary and quartermaster stores as they can possibly spare to support an army w.iich has already borne and done so much in their behalf; or, retaining their stores, maintain the army of the enemy engaged in their subjugation. I am aware that a general obligation of tins nature rests lightly on most men each being disposed to leave its discharge to his neighbor—but lam confident that our citizens will appreciate thetrwsponsi bility in the case, and wiU not permit an army, which, by God's blessing and their patriotic support, has hitherto re sisted the efforts of the enemy, to sutler now through their neglect" It seems, therefore, that our all de pends upon the voluntary actionof the people of North Carolina and Virginia; and trusting that whatever yen BgJMfr spare will be promptly and patriotically brought forward for the use of jreaw country in its hour of J* "ft* iog plan is submitted, whichls bcJne; acted upon in tho State wit* tho best results. It is *™*£*lh~*' that provisions will hs wceffSf SKnef as sales, loans or do_ations: ______ 1. Let every citizen who can, pledge himself to furnish the soldier for six months, without dsstfrnv ting any psrtioular aoMler m fee re cipient of the contribution. 2. Let those thus pledging iMMI.hr 11 furnish, say «8 ht y^ n one hundred and eighty pennon of Sour* or their equivalent in beef or meal, net delivered to the nearest luvislssji/ agent 3. Let the donor bind Ms_sshf tods liver one-half of tha enaoont above stated, namely: forty pounds cf hscon and ninety pounds of flour (or »Ueui£ valeot), inxwudiaUly, and the laujfdnflsr at the end of three months, unleea •• prefer to adopt tha hatter vancing tha whole aseount gpdgan * WW** _» ._____> I llillll-tl 4 Lot the thrift** ■uh-M-rihls-i and luisnpuss; tns vujsjsssj^ I smamm « m m v .