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TTKSDAX SEPTEMBER 22, 1868.
TIk Democracy? l>f 1 /r of AoopptAncf by Won. John Onlnov Adnmw of Iho Xomlnntlo;, to tho (Jnvomomhip by th? Drmo fmoj of *h<4 S(?tP. Quiver, September 14, 18KS. Ho*. Ifwy 11". Poir.e., President of th( J>fi,)f>crntic Stale < invention : Ponr Sir, ? In coppequence of a Pome wbflt prolonged absence from my homo 1 >,<ive only to-day "received your letter in forming me tha'< the Convention over ?which von had 'ho ^onor to preside selected me j0 ho their candidate for the office of Go vernor^ the Commonwealth at the ap proachi-^nj election. 1 am very sensible of the compliment thus, for the Recond time, offt/ed to me; and although I ahould h ^to much preferred a less conspicuous pprrico, 1 accept tho nomination as frankly and heartily as it was given. 1 carefully examined the resolutions adopted by the Convention, and I should perhaps content myself with simply as - ;irirg you that I find nothing in them tc which \ cannot subscribe, but ft9 I ma} aof have another opportunity I wish to state my own views a little in detail. I am glad that you have determined to require a " ricid parsimony " in the expenditure ol the people's money. This, in a nation ns deeply indebted and as heavily taxed as err-, is but common honesty to the public cmiitor, and mere humanity to the groan ing tax-payer. Every dollar not abso lutely required for the necessary expenses of Government, and for meet ing our obligations in the fullest good faith, should be left in the pockets of the people. As to the license law, our prohibitory friends in the last Legislature used to declare that they cared very little what kiud of a la* was passed, as in th? Presidential election the license-law Republicans would not dare to bolt the regular nominations, and those they could control. I suppose, therefore, that the success of their State ticket will be equivalent to a return to the prohibitorj law, with its attendant constabulary. 1 think that there are two matters of national interest involved in this election, one ol which is important, the other vital. The former, which I take to be the financial .jtier-uon, was not treated by the National Convention in New York in a manner which satisfied my judgment. By providing for a payment of the bonds known as five-twen ties by surplus revenue alone, thus ignoring what seems to me the valuable part of Mr, Pendleton's plan, a withdrawal of the is sues of the national banks, the Democratic party appeared to commit themselves to an indefinite extension of the intolerable nui sance of an unredeemable paper cur rency. 1 am too much of a Democrat to re gard any such prospect with patience. 1 believe in hard money, and therein 1 hold myself to be a true Jacksonian Democrat. This dishonored paper which we are all com pelled, as 1 think unconstitutionally, to ac cept as money, is not only a standing dis cracetothe nation, tut it is destroying the ftijcient habits of economy and thrift, and undermining our old-fashioned honest ideas by the constant spectacle and example of an insolvent Government. It lays upon the p-ior man a burden heavier than he can bear. It injures trade, commerce, and all productive industry each year more than the whole sum of doubtful game which might accrue from caucelling our debts by promises ti- pay which we do not redeem. If per Hsted in, 1 think it must result in repudia tion sind bankruptcy. In that event the responsibility will rest primarily with the party which made the notes and then refused, when they had the power, to make them good, and next with the Democracy, if they are tempted to follow that bad lead. It is with peculiar pleasure, therefore, that j 1 read your demand for a sound and honest j currency. lint even if 1 differed -with you on this Mi1 vet, and saw any relief in the party hit-fly responsible for our present deplorn M?: financial condition, 1 regard the second r vital question of such moment that my i litinil action would be governed by the attitude of the opposing parties in rcfer ? :i e to that alone. Tlie issue which, in my mind, dwarfs all others is, Shall the Consti tution or shall a party maudate be the su preme law of the land ? Fidelity to the 1 institution should be the final test of po iitical affiliation to-day. But to act with the party which has ruled the country with .pvcme dominion for three years past, 1 agree with them that the Constitution C' ateroplated an ultimate absorption of the important functions of the executive department by Congress ; that its fair con struction will authorize that body to wrest from the judiciary department the .jurisdiction in cases where its judg ment upon constitutional questions of tut- fir>t magnitude may possibly con flict with that of a majority therein ; 1 must stand ready to fix my name to a de ? uiration of political faith which expressly iimkes approval of the impeachment of the President a test of party fellowship',; and tinaily, 1 must be able to say upon my con -eience that 1 consider " reconstruction," i'nr the t-.ike of which all this and much u. ro has been done, is wise, statesmanlike, and constitutional. Now, 1 have always thought, with Mr. Seward, that the wisest why tn tjyat the wounds left by the war \ to let them heal "by first intention." Kut "reconstruction" has torn them open ?iay by day, until they are now a mass o 1 well-nigh incurable gangrene. 1 believe that true statesmanship would have im posed on the southern leaders the task of ' ringing their people back into the Union ' y frankly and confidently oti'ering to them the day they laid down their siring the right hand of oblivion or" the past and re ' '"ucili it ion intlie future, which they might reject it they wished or dared. " Reconstruction " has scorned their protests, repelled their aid, insulted their misery, and inflicted on them abasement which they felt to be intolerable, in posting over them their slaves of yesterday to secure their pledge of sub mission to the Constitution. But for this ungenerous and suspicious policy I believe we might now have been a truly united K'4 le, the southern white reconciled to the inevitable, the negro secure in his civil n^hts, and attaining.political privileges as W grew lit to use them wisely, and the ort'1 ennobled by a victory more noble ? ??uii any feat of arms ? the conquest of its Prions. 1 will not argue the uncon stitutionality of "reconstruction." The H UUa.u^tuou8 disinclination of the Re Pu"hcans in Congress to allow it to undergo !'e Mutiny of the Supreme Court would h,tim to confirm the reported statement of me ? uueuted Stevens, "that only two 1 umr.cd <00jri believed the re e I'tibtriiction acts to be constitutional." i.' they were so, 1 should deem them uUW:sc. b'nion they impose is, to my uy more like a true union of hearts !u"i than a galvanized corpsc resem ??foaiiPaUhy mau. All the doings of men are - HTin ^ by the laws of nature. Theattempt " : ordinate the trained and able classes of Hue latuholders at the South to the poor, ?r-'^' iaut, debased, and landless freedmen, s one of those futile struggles to repeal j , . s ;aw by statute with which history j - ouinl*i. It must fail, but it is of great noiuent that it should be stopped at onco. ? '<-ry day ^ jd cncouraging j ?'' pec m the negro and rendering a resump- I ot a, true relation between the blacks j *u'. whitea more difficult. 1 think that ''Either the in tincts uor the destipy of this j ' !! ? win allow any permanent domina- ' ( '' tne African race in any State of the I ' ? (i. But the Republican party in irre- | n',V?!'V ^;^8ed to this idea. They have r, , existence as a party on its tri- j -'Jdi. 'Ig this idol they sacrificed their j conatitutional obligations in the past* ani for it tfeey must find fresh otfteringB in the future. The blacka tntiet have laAfo and arms and a standi ng army to maintain them in their false positiob. ^hey are clamoring for them ftow, and the United States must fuhilsh them. The path upon which Congress has entered permits of no halt, and retreat is ruln> In my opinion we must begin anew, taking the Constitution for our guide and natural laws for our limitations. It is true that the Democratic party in success may violate the pledges of adversity, and again subvert the organic law. The teachings and the practice of Radicalism have destroyed much of the old reverence for the prccious legacy of our ancestors. We may dread lest they should do this thing, but we do certainly know that the Republican party hae already done it. At least it is a Shancc ? a last chance ? of salvation. If that fails us ? if we submit to the whims of a majority with out appeal ? it matters but little to me whether it rejoices in the name of Repub lican or delights in the title of Democrat. If a party in the nation may constitute itself the sole arbiter of the constitution ality of its own measures, then secession was illegal only because it was not the act of a majority. The battle is between Con gress and the Constitution. For my part, 1 am for the Constitution. Holding these opinions, I shall act with the Democratic party so long as it is the party of the Con stitution. I am, sir, with great respect, your friend and servant, John Q. Adams. Mr. Pendleton in Illinois ? His Re CKPTION AT THE HOME OF AnRAHAM LIN COLN. ? Springfield , 111 ., September 16. ? The Hon. George H. Pendleton arrived here from St. Louis at 8:45 this evening. He was received by General J. A. McClernand, and was escorted to the Leland Hotel by one thousand torchlights, carried by " White Boys in Blue " in handsome uniforms. The streets on the route to the hotel were so crowded and jammed with ladies and gen tlemen that it was with the utmost diffi culty that room was made for the proces sion. Several fine brasB and martial bandB were in line, and the cheers were continu ous from the time the train stopped at the station until Mr. Pendleton arrived at the hotel. Many buildiDgs were illuminated and decorated with flags and streamers. Roman candles and all manner of fireworke were discharged from the line and from the sidewalks and buildings. The display of pyrotechnics at the hotel was very fine. The procession was adroitly massed in the street in front of the hotel, and Mr. Pendleton was introduced by General Mc Clernand. He appeared on the balcony of the hotel, and was greeted by tremendous cheers. He said : " Fellow-citizens, ? I thank you sincerely and cordially for your reception. Your procession, for numbers and brilliancy, has exceeded anything I have ever seen. 1 thank you heartily. I only appear before you to say that I am profoundly grateful to you, and will not detain you longer, owing to the lateness of the hour. I will speak to you to-morrow at length upon the issues of the day. For the present, 1 bid you good night." The city is full of the marshals and ad vance guards of delegations which will ar rive during the night and early in the morning. In every direction the sky it red with the blaze of the camp-fires of the delegations from different counties, which are in camp wherever good water and good grounds are to be found. The hotels are already fully occupied, but private citizens will open their houses to-morrow, and every effort will be made to accommodate stran gers. The best informed say this meeting will exceed in numbers any political de monstration ever held here. ? Special dis patch to Chicago Times. Registration Infamies in Arkansas.? Little Hock , September 17. ? Registration has commenced in Arkansas. As conducted, an election will be a mere form. In effect, Governor Clayton will appoint Congressmen and Presidential electors. Under his in structions registrars exclude from register ing and voting whom they think proper. The Pulaski county Democratic club asked him to appoint one Democratic judge and clerk on each county election board to vouch for the fairness of registration. He re fused to do so, and when they asked him to require the boards to regulate rejections by uniform rules, he replied that the regis trars' duties were judicial, not executive, and refused. This was done notwithstand ing his first general instructions issued to the registrars of Independence, Perry, and Saline counties. Where the people are all whites, and Democratic, the registrars re fuse to allow any person to register who voted against the ratification of the Consti tution made under the reconstruction law. Thus the registrars have the power to elect whom they please, and this shows what Clayton meant when he said that the Con way county election and registration should be fair. ? Dispatch to the St. Louis Jiepub lican. More Democratic Victories in Illi nois. ? On the 12th of September, in addi tion to the victory in Kansas City, the Democrats of Jackson county, in the lively elections for school directors, carried West port by seventy-seven majority, and Inde pendence by eighty majority. Fight at a Political Meeting ? One Man Killed. ? Philadelphia , September 20. Republican and Democratic meetings were held last night in Franklin count}', of this State, in the course of which a fight oc curred, and a young man named Lecror was killed. Mr. Stephens appears in excellent spirits and health. In the course of a long con versation he expressed nothing particularly new in reference to the South. He re iterated his profession that he had retired from public life, and wished to take no part in the political discussions of the day. He is in a certain measure satisfied with the condition of affairs in his own State, and expresses utter abhorrence of secret or ganizations. The entire Democratic ticket was elected by an overwhelming majority at the charter election in Orangeburg, S. C., on the 14th instant. Fully one-half the blacks voted the Democratic ticket. The election passed off without a single disturbance. The town marshal was the only police officer on the ground, and there was no occasion for his services. The negroes expelled from the Georgia Legislature have formed themselves into an association called the " Civil and Political Ilights Association," and have issued a call for a State convention of colored citizens, to be held in Macon on the first Tuesday in October. Hon. George W. Woodward addressed a very large meeting in Ilazleton, Pa., on the 17th instant. A correspondent says: " Luzerne is good for 4,000 majority for Seymour and Blair. Woodward will be re elected by an increased majority." A gentleman who has recently arrived from Minnesota states that the Republican split in Donnelly's district is irreparable, and that the Democratic nominee will be elected. Two hundred dollars was paid for a single vote in Augusta, Me., by the Radicals. They were lucky to have the money to give. It was different with the Democrats. The Boston Traveller says General Butler will be re-nominated for Congress from the Essex district with but little opposition. Chief Justice Chase arrived at Concord, N.H., on Thursday, on a visit to some of his relatives. See advertisement of Austin Corbin & Co., in another column. ^PATTD ON , THE GoTKipWEKT ? THK DIS BURSING ACKTI OP THE POST-OFFICE A. De pAtrLTEft?Hnr5 Fltoht from the City.? Our citizens were surprised yesterday to hear a rumor "which was prevailing to the effect that E. B* Olmsted, the disbursing agent and general superintendent of the post-office, had been detected in appropri ating funds belonging to the Government to his oWn uses, and that upon his having been so detected had fled from the city to en deavor to escape punishment. Upon inquiry it was found that the ru mors were but too true, and although the officials having possession of facts connect ed with the case were very reticent about j giving information, the following were elicited : It appears that during the past week Mr. Olmsted, as disbursing agent of the post office, made a requisition on the Treasury Department for $20,000, to be used for the payment of certain claims and salaries. This check was returned dishonored, and the Postmaster-General at once notified oi the fact. That official sent for Olmsted, and demanded an explanation, which was evaded, Olmsted stating that he supposed the check was returned on account of his not having sent to the treasury certain vouchers necessary. He further stated he would proceed to his office and make hi? arrangements so that the matter would be at once straightened, the vouchers pre pared, and a satisfactory result be ob tained. With this understanding he left the secre tary's room and proceeded to his own office in another portion of the post-office build ing. It seems that he did not Btay there long, for between 11 and 12 o'clock, about a half hour after his interview with the secretary, he appeared at the house of one of the night-watchmen of the department, named Branigan, from whom he borrowed a solder's overcoat and a dark slouch hat. He "ited to this watchman that he was in a great deal of trouble ; that he did not know what to do ? kill himself, or run away from the city. He finally said that, he would take the coat and hat and go out in the woods somewhere, wait for night to come, and then leave for parts unknown. He then placed in the hands of Branigan a package containing $1,000 and the key of his safe, also paying him a certain sum of money to keep the matter quiet. The pack age of money and the safe key he desired should be given to his (Olmsted's) wife. With a repeated injunction of secresy laid upon Branigan, Olmsted left. The watchman, after thinking over the matter, became very much troubled, and finally decided to go to his priest and con fesss the matter to him. He did so, and the clergyman at once proposed that they should go in company to the Post-office De partment, and make the facts known. They proceeded to the department, obtained an audience with Mr. Zeverly, Third Assist ant Postmaster-General, to whom they com municated all the facts of Olmsted s inter view. Information was at once furnished Major Richards, superintendent of the Metropolitan Police, who ordered the en tire detective force of the department to set about discovering the whereabouts of the fugitive. Up to 8 o'clock last night he had not been arrested, although it is be lieved that he is lurking in the neighbor hood of the city. Mr. Olmsted has up to this time been a highly respected citizen of Washington, and has an interesting family residing on Eleventh street between M and N, whom he has by his present action covered with shame and confusion. Upon application having been made to his wife by an agent of the Postmaster General, she very promptly gave up the safe key and the package of money which had been delivered to her by Branigan, and to-day the authorities of the Department will institute an investigation for the pur pose of ascertaining the extent of his defal cation. It appears that for 6ome time past Olmsted has been engaged in a great variety of speculations, among otherB the fol lowing": A short time since he purchased about three hundred and fifty acres of land in the vicinity of Beltsville. One-half of this he subsequently sold to a Mr. Walker. He also lately purchased a large tract ol land in North Carolina, on which it is sup posed a silver mine is located. He was also a partner in a plumbing and gas-fitting establishment on Seventh street, besides being largely interested in several inven tions now being brought before the public. So deeply interested was he in various schemes that his friends have questioned him of late as to his ability to fight his way through. To all these inquiries he has re sponded cheerfully, and seemed sanguine of ultimate success. The Postmaster-General states that du ring his interview with Olmsted he acted more like an insane man than one of sair^d mind, as he seemed to labor under ex. <*?.? ordinary nervous excitement. ? National Intelligencer , 2lst. To II. McCulloch, Secretary of the Treasu ry , Washington , 1). C . ; Why are Radicals still appointed to office in this State ? This thing must stop. C. L. Vallandigham. The Dayton (Ohio) Ledger says : We pronounce the foregoing to be a de liberate and barefaced forgery throughout. Mr. V. never wrote or sent it, or anything like it to the Secretary of the Treasury". Neither did he write or send it to anybody else anywhere. From estimates based upon official data and close calculation of all the expenses, it is found that the costs of the five military districts, or for reconstructing the southern States under military domination, -will not fall far short of the statement made by the Hon. James Brooks ? namely, forty millions per annum. ? Data , in Sun . [This must be a mistake.] Masonic. ? A telegram was received this morning l'rom Noble D. Larner, Grand Secretary of the Grand Chapter of the Dis trict of Columbia, now at St. Louis, an nouncing that the General Grand Chapter of the United States, at its trennial session in St. Louis Friday, recognized the new Grand Chapter of the District of Columbia, and compels Potomac Chapter, a clandes tine organization at Georgetown, to take a charter from this Grand Chapter. ? IFas/t ington Star. A Perilous Situation. ? Yesterday af ternoon, aboui 4 o'clock, as Miss Charlotte Cox, a beautiful young lady residing in Alexandria, Va., was in the act of stepping aboard the ferry steamer City of Washing ton, destined for home, she accidentally missed her footing and fell into the river. A colored laborer aboard the boat immedi ately plunged in after her, and, at the risk of his own life, sustained her above water till officer Hickman and a bystander came to his assistance and rescued her. ? Wash ington Star, 19 th. Equinoctial Storms. ? The origin has never yet been satisfactorily explained, but they are supposed to arise from the united tidal action of the sun and moon upon the atmosphere ? an action which, at the equi nox, is exerted with a combined and greater force than at any other period of the year. National Intelligencer. [Stuff. That is about as sensible as the common theory that it sometimes is too cold to snow.] _____________ Snow-Storm in the White Mountains. Concord , N. September 19. ? A gentle man just from the White Mountains in forms ub that there was ? violent snow-htorm near the head of the new Mount Washing ton railroad on Wednesday last. TheHnow fell rapidly and was measured in places to the depth of a foot and a half. By the Atlantic Cable. Londox, September 19.? Ii is reported that George Peabody will Boon purchase a large eBtate in Hungary. John Wilson Patten, member of Parlia ment for North Lancashire, has been ap pointed Secretary of State for Ireland, and Karl Mayo appointed Governor-General of India. Munich, September 19.? Mr. Bancroft, the American Minister, and Prince Hohen lohe, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Ba varia, to-day formally exchanged the ratifi cation of the treaty relative to citizenship. London, September 20. ? The apprehen sions of war have partially subsided during the past week, and the efforts of the Pari sian press to extract a warlike significance from the speech of the King of Prussia at Kiel have proved a failure. It is evident that peace is sincerely desired by the Go vernments and people of Europe without exception. A growing feeling of indignation is, how ever, manifesting itself at what appears the ambiguity or indecision of the Emperor Napoleon. Dublin, September 20. ? At a meeting of Roman Catholic clergymen in Galway a resolution was adopted pledging those pre sent to oppose a call of candidates for Par liament who do not support Gladstone's re solves for the diseetablisement of the Irish Church. Pesth, September 20. ? The Hungarian Diet proposes universal religious toleration throughout the kingdom. Paris, September 20. ? Queen Isabella has made a visit to the Emperor and Em press at Biarritz. An insurrection is reported in Andalusia, Spain. London, September 20. ? A ccording to the tenor of the last advices from Central Asia, a resumption of hostilities by Russia, in Bokhara, is expected in October. Latest from China. ? Shanghai, China , August 15, via San Francisco , September 19. ? The Chi-Tung coal mines, near Pekin, are to be opened to foreigners. The Viceroy of the province has abolished the war tax which has been collected during the past eight years. The Shang-Tung mountains have been satisfactorily prospected for gold by an old Californian. A fire at Hong Kong August 13 destroyed property valued at $30,000. The Board of Foreign Affairs at Pekin have addressed a dispatch to all foreign counsels requesting them to forbid the sub jects of their respective Governments from going to the Choo-Foo mines, alleging for the reason that they will cause trouble with the natives. The consuls have complied with the request, and promised to exert their power to compel obedience. From Japan. ? Yokohomo, August 29. ? The uncle of the present Mikado has been appointed Mikado by the Northern Pro vinces, which produces a great panic among the southerners, who have requested the Mikado to resign. He will probably do so. The Prince of Meto, father of the ex-Ty coon, is dead. His younger son, who is now in Paris, succeeds to his title. The ex-Tycoon has gone to the territory of Prince Aidsen. All newspapers are prohibited in Yeddo. Yokohama is again guarded by foreigners, and an attack is daily expected. The Envoy Extraordinary from Spain has arrived to ratify the Spanish treaty with Japan. L. H. Grinnell, late acting lieutenant in the United States navy, has been appointed overseer of the Japanese navy, under the southern Government. The consuls of the treaty powers have been officially notified that the transporta tion of rice from Iliogo to the open ports is now prohibited. This is in violation of the treaty stipulations made in 18M. San Francisco , September 19. ? E. Hap pell Hall, a special correspondent of the New York Times, has arrived here on the Great Republic, thus completing his tour around the world. Foreign feeling continued very strongly exerted throughout the country. Outrages on foreigners were of almost daily occur rence. Great trouble and ill-feeling had followed the attempt to force the new paper money on the Japanese. Many merchants had re fused to take it. Intelligence had been received from Ro badi to the effect that a resident merchant had been decapitated for such a refusal. Another Imperial decree against Chris tians had been issued and circulated throughout the Empire. The labor market at Yokohama and other ports was largely over supplied, and efforts were being made by the local authorities to check immigration. From Australia. ? Neio York, Septem ber 20. ? The steamship Bahaia, from Aus tralia August 2d, arrived at Panama on the . ">th instant. Extraordinary discoveries of 'ftold have been made at Ophir, in New South Wales, and there was a great rush of miners to the new diggings. The ship Lochnagar, with guano from Baker's island, was totally wrecked among the Navigation group. A difficulty had arisen between the Colo nial Government and the American Consul at Sydney in relation to some contracts made under the consular seal. From Pax am a. ? JYeif York , September 20. ? The steamship Arizona has arrived from Aspinwall, with dates to the 12th in stant, and $330,000 in treasure. Affairs at Panama remained unsettled. Generals Gorta and Mutes were disturbing the Government by opposing elections in the interior, and Prebident Correro had dispatched troops to the scene of the diffi culty. Several revolutionary characters had been banished, and the Government was strenuously exerting itself to restore tran quillity. Ex-President Diaz and Secretary Bermudez had returned from their banish ment (arriving from San Francisco), and were remaining in Panama by permission of the Government. "H." writes to the Norfolk Journal from. St. Louis that he has " had the pleasure of meeting with the Hon. George H. Pendle ton. He says everything is cheering. The whole West is in a blaze ; Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana are certain for Sey and Blair ; Ohio is hopeful." Tue Virginia Kniuiits at St. Louis. ? Portsmouth Cojimandery, No. 5, five men ; Lynchburg Commandery ; Demolay Com mandery, No. 4 ; Coraiaandery No. 2, Rich mond, W. B. Isaacs, Eminent Commander; Grece Commandery, No. 16, Norfolk, J. G. Smith, Eminent Commander. Not a little excitement was created in our quiet village Monday afternoon by the arrest of Gus Baker (a mulatto), who had been tried and convicted of the commission of a most outrageous piurder in Weldon, N. C. He escaped from jail in Halifax county, N. C., where he was confined await ing the execution of sentence, about ten daye ago. He had for some days been lurk ing about the river, between this place and Milton, finding shelter with the boatmen. Moaday afternoon information reached one of the justices of our town that he was on board of one of the boats, anchored a little above the usual place of landing. A party of young men was raised, who, after an excited chase, eucceeded in capturing him. He ha< been committed to the Mecklenburg jail to await the requisition of the i.uthori ties in North Carolina. ? Clark&ville Quid Nunc. The cattle plague is said to be still una bated in Tennessee. Railroad Extension. ? The Alexandria Gazette says : " The extension of the Alex andria, Loudoun, and Hampshire road to Mercier's Station is progressing rapidly. The track is already laid to -within a dis tance of one mile from Bowie's, which is only two miles this side of Mercier's, and as a sufficiency of iron to complete the track to that point has been ordered, and is now on the way here, the rails will be laid and trains running, it is confidently ex pected, before the expiration of the autumn." Destructive Fire in New York. ? Early on Saturday morning an extensive fire broke out in the spinning rooms of Hig gins & Co.'s carpet factory in New York, which destroyed an entire wing 250 by fifty feet, 'with the stock and machinery. The latter was very valuable, and probably the finest in the country. The loss is estimated at 8175,000. Some 1,100 people are thrown out sf employment by the disaster. The stock on hand was very large and valuable, and was in different stages of manufacture. In the packing room there was an immense quantity of carpet ready for shipment, which is almost a total loss. The Coal Trade. ? Immense trains laden with coal pass through our city daily and nightly, destined for Reading, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New York. From these indications it' iB reasonable to suppose that the strikes at the colleries have ceased alto gether, and that the immense 6upply now going to market will be equal to the de mand, thereby enabling customers to pro cure the article so much needed during the fall and winter season at reasonable rates. Harrisburg Telegraph. Stopping of Cotton* Mills. ? The Fall River (Mass.) News says that, owing to the continued decline of cotton and cotton goods, and to the fact that the production of print cloths exceeds the demand, and the decline of the price below the actual cost of pro duction, the cotton mills in that city will run but four days a week for the present, stopping Thursday nights for the remain der of the week. Death of John* Sefton*, the Comedian. Xew York , September 20. ? John Sefton, the well-known comedian, died suddenly yesterday at his residence in this city. The New York World is entitled to the credit ? or blame ? of having made it fashion able to commence newspaper articles with the words, " And now." The World's patent has been infringed in almost every city. FERTjLiZEBS. pORWHEAfr' MAPES'S NITROGENI9ED SUPER-PHOS PHATE. THE MOST CONCENTRATED AND SOLUBLE FERTILIZER MADE. Composed of BONES and BIRD GUANO dis solved In Sulphuric Add unci fermented with fresh Flsn Guano?all being reduced by fermentutlou and the actiun of sulphuric acid to a FIXE TOWDER. GUARANTEED TO BE COMPOSED ONLY OF THE ABOVE-NAMED MATERIALS. Contains more soluble phosphates, ammonia, and fermentable animal matter, than any other su per* phosphate See analysis crl Professor William Gilliam, of Richmond, Va., Dr. S. Dana Hayes, of Boston, Mass.. and other prominent chemists, pub lished in descriptive pamphlets. The practical effects of this fertilizer onthe crops in Virginia during thu past season has , in every instance reported, been as satisfactory as Peru - vian Guano. Dealers can be supplied on favorable terms with this fertilizer from stock in Richmond. Descriptive pamphlets on wheat, Its culture and requirements, analysis of and testimonials on Mapes's Super-Phosphates furnished gratuitously. Apply to WILLIAM C. DUNHAM A CO., General Agents for State of Virginia. se 22? deod&wlm PACIFIC GUANO, BRADLEY'S MJPER-PHOSPHATE LIME, SEA-FOWL GUANO. Wo are agents for the above, and will be pleased to till orders. COMMISSION MERCHANTS can make ar rangements with us for their supplies se 21? lw A. Y. STOKES & CO. POUDRETTE. ? The unprecedented suc cess attending the use of tills celebrated fer tilizer Justifies the manufacturer In recommending It to farmers generally. It is manufactured from the ulght-s<>il of Richmond, thoroughly deodorized. Packed In strong new barrels, ana sold as follows : Concentrated Poudrette, TWENTY DOLLARS PER TON* ; Refined Poudrette (special prepara tion for wheat), TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS. VINCENT BARGAMIN, Manufacturer. Ofiice, Tenth street and Basin bank. "ClIKSTERFIKLD COUNTY, August 25, 186S. "We are in receipt of your letter asking our ex perience with your Poudrette, and in reply we can say that we used one ton on wheat. In the fall of 1867, on the same character of land, with Pacific guano, and the result was about the same. The wheal on which we applied the Poudrette was rather more luxuriant than that on which we used the Pacific guano. "We applied 400 pounds of poudrette and 150 pounds of Pacific guano, and we would give the preference to the poudrette. "Very respectfully, Ac.. "BE N.J A Ml N H . NASH, se 8? lm "SAMUEL D. ATKINSON." PERUVIAN G U A N 0.? No. 1 PERU VIAN GUANO, obtained direct from the agent of the Peruvian Government, for sale low by ALLISON & ADDISON, se 17 1320 Cary street. Q.UAN0.? 150 tons No. 1 PERUVIAN GUANO, to arrive, for sale by se 2 ROBERT F. WILLIAMS & CO. P ERUVIAN GUANO. FIFTY TONS NO. 1 PERUVIAN GUANO, direct from the PeruTlan agent. For sale by _ CHARLES HOWARD, au 27 comer C'ary and Fifteenth streets. 1IT ANIPULATED GUANO. WHEAT FERTILIZERS. The JAMES RIVER MANUFACTURING COM PANY ajrain offers to the public Its several prepa rations for the WHEAT CHOP, and having In for mer advertisements furnished very full details of their composition and properties, will confine this notice to a mere catalogue, with the assurance that the formulas as heretofore advertised are still scrupulously adhered to. viz. : REGULAR PREPARATION, of LOOO pounds Peruvian and 1,600 pounds Navassa Guano, Price $70 per ton of 2, ooo pounds. SPECIAL PREPARATION, of 1,133 pounds Peruvian and 087 pounds Navassa Guano, Price $80 per ton of 2, ooo pounds. GROUT: PERUVIAN GUANO, reduced In Its driest state to the use of the drill, without Impairing Its quality, at a small advance on the price of the crude article. Orders can he addressed through the commission merchants of the city, or directly to the under signed. . E. B. BENTLEY, au 25 ? iw Agent. Guano, ~guano"g uano .- 300 tons No. X Peruvian Guano, balance ol the cargo of the ship " Naty Merryman. " containing, by analysis, seventeen per cent, of ammonia. We ask the special attention of farmers and dealers to an examination of it. GEORGE LEE A CO., au 18? 3m Fourteenth street below Cary. WINES AND LIQUORS. TJENRY MILLER, WINE MERCHANT, 1503 MAIN STREET, se 22 ? 3m Richmond Va. PURE MALTED RYE WHISKEY. GENERAL LEE BRAND. I have now on hand loo barrels of this article, so desirable for family use and medicinal purposes. I warrant it to be PURE MALTED RYE, COP PER-DISTILLED and FREE FROM ALL ADUL TERATION, and consequently claim for it that it la the very best article of whiskey in this mar ket. STEPHEN MASON. 1581 Main street, - se U? 3m corner Seventeenth street. | Q BARRELS OLD CABINET WHIS 15 barrels M. B. SMART'S MOUNTAIN RYE WHISKEY, 20 barrels PURE MOLASSES RUM, 10 barrels CIDER VINEGAR. M barrels HUPERFINE FI.OlTR. Li store ;xnd for sale by ^ J. 11. SOL ATE R, se t< ? 3m No. 8 Fifteenth street. EORGE A. A1NSLIE, MANU-< \T FACTURERAND DEALER IN! LIGHT FAMILY CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, AND WAGONS, desires to call the attention of tlm public to his large stock, amonjr which can be found some of the most convenient riding vehicles now iu use. 9? Uitwlm TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. CottgitsiioBsl. Washington, September 21.? Congress met to-day at noon. There were no Demo cratic members In the House. Senate.? In the Senate, Mr. Buckalew carried the adjourning resolutions of the House by voting nay, his rote making a quorum . He then moved an investigation of whether there Was a qtichim present in the House when that body passed the reso lution, but several senators objected to it as disrespectful to the House, and Wade (chairman) decided the recess was in the nature of an adjournment from day to day, and it was for the House to judge of its own quorum. The Senate, without doing any business, adjourned till October 16th. House. ? Mr. Schenck moved that the rules may be suspended at any time during the remainder of the Fortieth Congre?is. Mr. Brooks (Democrat), who had just ar rived, objected, and a count showed that there was no quorum present. Mr. Schenck moved an investigation into why no supervisors of the revenue were appointed, and moved a suspension of the rule to entertain the motion. Another count showed there waa still no quorum. The following resolution was then adopted : " Resolved, That when the House ad journs to-day the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate do adjourn their respective Houses until October 16th, and then, unless otherwise ordered, that that the two Houses be adjourned until No vember 10th, and then, unless otherwise ordered, a further adjournment take place until the first Monday in December." Speaker Colfax then declared the House adjourned till October 16th. Washington Washington, September 21. ? The reve nue receipts to-day were $400,000. The defalcation of Captain E. B. Olm sted (not Armistead, as reported), disburs ing officer of the Post-office Department, amounts to $40,000, and is fully covered by his official bonds and his property. General McClellanand family will arrive from England on the Cuba. Messrs. Hill and Miller, the senators elect from Georgia, are here, but did not present their credentials, having received intima tion that their presentation would open the question of Georgia's alleged violation of the reconstruction laws in expelling the negroes, and might lead to ultimate delay in their admission. There T7ere issued $1,120,000 of bonds to the Central Pacific railroad. It is stated at headquarters that General Grant will not return until the middle of October. The House Committee of Retrenchment met to-day, and determined to investigate why the revenue supervisors have not yet been appointed, and to investigate the na ture and extent of the frauds charged by Solicitor Binckley against Commissioner Rollins and others. A sub-committee com mences the investigation to-morrow. The Sorratt Trial. Washington, September 21. ? In the Sur ratt trial this morning the prosecution en tered a nolle prosequi in the first indictment, which was for murder. The second indict ment (which is for conspiracy) the defence declares is barred by the amnesty procla mation, subsequent to the issue of which it was found. The court adjourned for the day. FEARFUL RIOT IN GEORGIA. THIRTY-FIVE NEGROES KILLED. A Govipany of Negroes, with Provisions and Arms , March into a Town ? A Radi cal Nominee for Congress Heads Them ? Five Citizens Wounded ? The Mob Rout ed ? Thirty-five Killed and a Large Num ber Wounded. Augusta, G a., September 21. ? A fearful riot occurred at Camilla, the county seat of Mitchell county, Ga., on Inst Saturday. The following particulars have been tele graphed from Bainbridge, twenty-four miles from the scene of the riot : Pierce, a Radical nominee for Congress, and Murphy, ex-Bureau agent, with about two hundred negroes armed and equipped, started on Friday for Camilla with three weeks' provisions and boxes containing new arms and acoutrements, the intention being to overawe the citizens and kill the leading Democrats of the town and its vici nity. Before starting a friendly negro ex posed the plan and a negro courier was dis patched to Camilla to inform the citizens of what was going on. A deputation of three prominent citizens met the mob at China church, five miles from the town, and the Governor's proclamation forbidding armed organizations and directing their disarming was read to them. To this, however, the mob paid no attention, and determined to march on the town and kill such as they chose. Twice more deputations met them and remonstrated, entreating the negroes to come into the town without arms and they should not be molested, but their ef forts were fruitless. The mob marched into town with banners flying and drums beating, numbering nearly *400, numbers having joined them on the route. The mob halted and clamored for the blood of a man named Johns. Johns, I in company with Dr. Tivetty, presented himself, when a hundred guns were level led at them. The former, being intoxi cated, fired on them, and the riot com menced, the mob firing at every one they could see. Citizens, white and black, ral lied, gathering about fifty stand of arms, and vigorously attacking the mob, drove them back in a hasty retreat, which spread into a panic. The negroes were pursued five miles, losing thirty-five killed, and many ?wounded. The total loss, as far as ascer tained, is from seventy-five to one hundred. Owing to the panic among the mob only five whites were severely wounded. The colored citizens of the town are re ported to have rallied promptly with the whites in defeating the mob. The stores and munitions, including three weeks' provisions and boxes of arms, were cap tured. At last accounts Camilla was quiet. Second Dispatch. Augusta, Ga., September 21. ? The news of the Camilla riot has caused some excite ment here. It is known that the negroes are armed throughout the State, but the whites have no serious fears of disturb ances if the negroes are not precipitated into riots through pernicious counsels and violent appeals to their passions. THE SOUTHERN LEGISLATl'BES. SOUTH CAROLINA. Columbia, S. C., September 21. ? The Senate to-day suspended Leslie (white) for six months for alleged contempt. Leslie is a Republican, but votes with the Democrats on all questions of color. ALABAMA ? CALL FOR UNITED STATES TROOPS. Montgomery, Ala., September 21. ? In the Senate this morning a resolution was adopted asking the President to send Uni ted States soldiers to this State to aid in preserving the peace. The Democratic senators denounced the resolution as a libel on the people of Alabama, and a political scheme to control the polls, and created the impression that the people of Alabama arc not peacable. The resolution also passed the HouEe, where it was bitterly denounced by the Democratic members. A committee of five was appointed, and leave lor Washington to-morrow morning to take the memorial to the President. The House passed a bill authorising the publication of all the laws passed by the Legislature in some " loyal " paper. It is intended to build up a Republican paper just started here, which cannot lire with out such aid. It is now thought a registry law wUl passed, and an election fcald in Notember. LOUISIANA? THE MILITIA. New Orleaxb, September 21. ? An effort is being made in the Legislator* to deprite the State oourts of the power of naturali zing foreigners, and a bill to that effect was introduced on Saturday in the House, and referred to the Judiciary Committee. The courts of th?s oity are daily crowded with foreigners seeking naturalization. A joint resolution was rushed through the House to-day requesting the Louisiana senators and representatives in Congress to propose and support the repeal of the act by which the organization of the militia in this State is prohibited. Fatal ShootiBf Affray. Wilmington, N. C., September 21.? A shooting affray occurred at Fayetteville, N# C., on Friday, between Robert Winship Stedman, son of W. A. Stedman, and Dr. W. H. Morrow, Deputy United States Mar shal, in which both were killed. The Louisiana Elections. New Orleans, September 21. ? Governor Warmouth has issued a proclamation calling for the election of Presidential electors ana members of Congress on the 3d of Novem ber. Gran<l Lodge of Odd Fellows. Baltimore, September 21. ? The Qrand Lodge of Odd Fellows met to-day. Every State and Territory is represented. Foreign News. Cadiz, September 20. ? The naval force off here has revolted against the Govern ment. The generals recently banished have re turned and joined the revolt which Mar shal De la Torre heads and the old O'Don nell party sustains. Several towns have joined the insurrection. There is an in tense panic at Court, and troops have been aent southward under General Conchia. Paris, September 21. ? The rumor pre vails here that Queen Isabella, of Spain, has abdicated. Liverpool, September 21. ? The ship Greenway, from Havre for Queenstown, foundered in latitude forty degrees and lon gitude forty-nine degrees during a fourteen hours' hurricane. The captain and one seaman were lost. Domestic Markets. New York, September 21. ? Noon. ? Flour dull and drooping. Wheat elightlv favors buyers. Corn dull and unchanged. Mess pork dull at 828.80. Lard dull ; steam, 19 Je@20j^c. Cotton quiet at 26>?o. Tur pentine drooping at 46@47)?c. Rosin quiet ; strained and common, 82.65082.75. Freights firm and advancing. Money easy. Gold, 144%. Sterling, 108%. 5-20's, '62, 114V^. North Carolina 6's, 75%; new, 74^?. Virginia 6's, ex-coupons, 53>j ; new, 63. Tennessee 6's, ex-coupons, 69^ ; new, 69}^. Evening. ? Cotton quiet and steady ; sales of 850 bales at 26}?c. Flour favors buy ers. Wheat irregular and closed dull and declining. Corn unchanged. Mees pork, 828.75. Lard quiet. Sugar active and )?o. higher ; Havana, 10}^@13c. Other groce ries quiet. Turpentine, 46j^@47c. Rosin, $2.65@$7. Freights very firm. Governments closed firmer. 5-20's, '62, 114>?. Tennessee 6's, 69^ ? new, 69 W. North Carolina 6's, 75^ ; new, 74%. Vir ginia 6's, new, 55 asked. Sterling dull, closing at 108}?@108%. Gold weaker at 43%@45%. Southern bonds higher, closing firm. Baltimore, September 21. ? Cotton steady at 26<S26j-?c. Flour dull, and declined 25c.; Howard-street superfine, 88.25089 ; city mills, $8.50@$8.75. Wheat unchanged. Corn firm; white, email@example.com. OatB, 67 @75c. Rye, $1.40@$1 .45. Provisions quiet and firm. Lard, 20c. Virginia 6's, in scribed, old, 46@47 ; 1866, 48 bid; 1867, 46 bid, 48 ^ asked ; coupons, old, 53^ ; new, 53 bid. Cincinnati, September 21. ? Flour unchanged. Corn, 96698c. Whiskey firm and unchanged. Mess pork quiet at 828.75. Lard advanced to 19j^c. Shoulders, 12)?o. Louisvillk, September 21. ? Superfine flour, $6.75087. Corn, 93c. Mees pork, 8'28.75@$29. Lard, 19?19^c. Shoulders, 12%c. ; clear Bides, 16)?@16%c. Free whiskey firm at 81.35. Wilmington, N. C., September 21. ? Spirits turpentine firm at 41o. Rosins in fair demand; No. 2, 81.90; No. 1, 82.50 @$4 ; pale, 84.75@85. Tar firm at 82.60. Cotton firmer ; middlings, 23|aC. Charleston, September 21. ? Cotton steady at 24@24^c. for middlings ; sales, 157 bales ; receipts, 254 bales. Augusta, September 21. ? Cotton quiet at stiffer prices ; sales, 83 bales ; receipts, 133 bales; middlings, 23>?@23%o. Savannah, September 21. ? Cotton opened firm and quiet, but closed easier; mid dlings, 24J?c. ; receipts, 980 bales. Mobile, September 21. ? Cotton closed quiet ; sales, 300 bales ; receipts, 888 bales; exports, 44 bales ; middlings, 23?23)?c. New Orleans, September 21. ? Cotton quiet and lower ; middlings, 23^c. ; sales, 850 bales ; receipts, 3,403 bales. Foreitfu markets. Liverpool, September 21. ? Nocn. ? Cot ton steady ; estimated sales, 12,000 bales. Bombay shipments, 14,000 bales. Sugar firmer at 35s. 9d. Afternoon.? Cotton steady. Breadstuff's firm. Pork buoyant at 87s. 6d. Bacon, 5 <Ja. 6d. Pale rosin buoyant at 15s. Eve ning. ? Cotton closed quiet ; uplands, 10 Wd. ; Orleans, 10^d. Corn and Floor Exchange* -Richmond, September 21, 1SSS. QiprBBiirott. Wheat ? White, 2, 784 bushels. Bed, 3,444 bosh elr. Corn. -White, 558 bushels. Mixed, l,?U bushel/. Oats ? 1, HO bushels. Rye ? Eltf bushels. Meal.? JO bushels. Flaxseed.? A bushels. Screenings. ? 2 bushels. B A ItMSm Wheat.? White, 200 bushels prime at $2.80 ; 153 bushels very good at $2.85: 2i4 bushels good at ?2.50 ; 1M bushels f*ir on private terms : 18# bush els at $2.45, 180 busht la at $2.40, 140 bushels at $1,424, 134 bushels at $2.35, 30 bushels at $3.30 ; 82 bushel* damp at $2.25, 53 bushels at $2.17. 100 bushels at $2.174, 10 bushels at $2.10 ; K bushels very Inferior at $u?o? total, 1,702 bushels. Ked, 208 bushels prime on private terms, 100 bushels at $*.40 ; 312 bushels very Rood at $3.3* ; (4 bushels good at $3.38: so bushels tough at $2.35 : 648 bushels fair at $3.26, 3d bushels at $2.32); to bushels tough at$2 16; 100 bushels damp at $2.18, 83 bushels at $3. 17 J ; 30 bush, els tough at $3. to ; 270 bushels common at $a.io ; s busbela fair on private terms ; 30 bushels damaged at $1.86: 23 bushels very Inferior at $l.7*-toul, 1, 93o bushels. Corn ? White, 44 bushels damaged at $1 20. 100 bushels at $1.37, 88 bushels at $1.27*. 44 bushels at $1.29? Vital, 498 bushels. Mixed, 104 bushels at $1.28, 800 bushels at $1 25? total, 704 busnels. Oats? 718 bushels prime at 83c. ; l?o bushels good at 8ic., 174 bushels at Wc. ; 30 bushels common *t 58o ? total, 1,083 bushels. Rjjt ? 52 bushels very Inferior at |L15; IS bushels kckkJ at $1.M ; 72 bushels very good at $1.32} ; MS bushels prime at $1.36? totaL 524 bushels. Flaxseed.?* bushels at $2,69. Screenings.? li bushels at $L B*-KXnilJITXI>. Wheat. -White. 360 bushels. Bed, ITS bushels. Corn.? White, 106 bushels. Oats 282 bushels. ?ye.?S2 bushels. FLOCK. Virginia country Is quoted to-day, br the dray load : Superfine. $io ; extra, $11 ; family. $l*> There being no demand (br shipping purpotes, th? stock on hand Is more than sufficient for local de mand. This, together with the falling prices ?l?e where, makes the market dull and the prices above quoted hard to be realized. Large lota can be h*d at even lower rates. TR I DMPHANTI Is the grand motto of the fkmous wilcox & GiBRs siiwuro machine: i for In a hundred trials and tosts It has Ulumpheu , over competition, aud bo rue away Uw P*?? <?* victory. ft is safely asserted u> be tL<> b<.?i . wm plesL and most peifee! machine now before the public. It sews, hems, fells, ' stitches In the most perfect aud elegant awMj and does not disturb the quiet of family with a noise and racket not to b? tourateu no. m? W* "icTjiu r. I. a?i? ***<?