Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY FEBRUARY 5, 1870.
Th? improvement of James River. The deepening of the channel at eome points of the lower Jemee river and the marking of it in a better manner than it is now marked are matters of great public interest. Every town in the James River valley?tho whole south sido and a great part of the north aide?the valley of Vir ginia?West Virginia, Ohio, and the North west?Kentucky .and Tennessee?all have more or less interest in this improvement. Congress should make liberal appropria-1 tions to it. James river has been groatly j neglected by the Federal Government. The Hudson River tidal stream is about as long ns that of James river, and its claims to appropriation for the improvement of its navigation not ono whit stronger than those of James river. Yet, wc think we are under the mark in estimating that the Federal Government has expended upon the Hudson river one million and a half of dollars, while it has given to James river only twenty thousand dollars! This gross par tiality has no good excuse. It is true that the Democratic party, which had the power in tliis State, always opposed the voting of money out of the Treasury for improvement In the States; and they wore more u strict" and straight-laced here in Virginia than even General Jackson was; for he made and exception in favor of tidal streams, contending that they were the conduits of foreign commerce and sea-going ships, and ought to be improved by the Federal Go vernment, under the clause about " regu lating commerce." No, they would none of the Federal treasure for anything what ever but per diem for congressmen! Now, there was an immense minority in the State that differed with them?there was n great trade that was interesting to tho nn t:on and the source of national revenue plying along James river, and the needful improvement of that river ought to have been made by Congress, whatever might have been the partisan opinions on the sub ject. The representatives from other sec tions of the Union took all they could get, while the commercial interests in this cen tral latitude, which is destined to he the chief theatre of action of the continent, were completely neglected. We deem it now proper that this neglect should end. The poor pretext that existed before the war is no longer afforded, and Congress ought with alacrity to proceed to make some amends for the crying injustice of the partial appropriations from the com mon treasure of the nation before the war. We commend this subject to the members of Congress from this State. We have, through them, at last a voice in the national councils, and this grievance should be made known. Virginia gave empires to the na tion, and in return she has received $20,000! The necessities of commerce require prompt attention to the improvement of James river, and some of the great debt due Vir ginia may now with advantage to the State and the nation be appropriated to this im portant object. The Peabody Funeral. "We have always entertained the opinion that funeral obsequies had a limit beyond "which Brief waned and public sentiment wearied of ceremony. There have been thousands of great men who were kept above ground much beyond this limit. The firBt instance that suggested this opinion in early reading was the prolonged honors paid to Alexander tue Great. So protracted a fu neral never occurred before, nor posBibly since. His remains were transported hun dreds of miles, and were followed by multi tudes, and received with parade every where. There may have been more of re joicing than mourning on the occasion; for lie was a great tyrant, and kept the then known world in fear. Possibly no other sentiment could have maintained the inte rest of the ceremonies so long amongst a people who knew hie rod so well. The plots and counterplots and discords that appeared in his empire before he had been put away showed tho frail tenure of the public vene ration for the man. We might name many great men of the world whose funeral obsequies have ex* hausted the patience of the living. Adra iiam Lincoln's were pushed to an extreme, and, we are sure, were regarded by many who took part in them as more to be es teemed for the opportunity they afforded tlicin to make a display and cut a caper than for any love they bore Mr. Lincoln. We always considered him a good-hearted, gen erous man, and as one of far stronger intel lect than the world gave him credit for. But we did think that his countrymen greatly misused his inanimate body by a series of the most tawdry aud vulgar core monies that ever were bestowed upon the dead. They were enough to have drawn groans from his purturbed spirit within the sarcophagus. We respect the memory of Mr. Peabody. Wo think him one of tho best men that ever livod. Yet we think even his good memory was overtaxed with ceremony. And we wero not surprised to see one editor ex pressing his satisfaction that the obseques over the body of this good man?this true friend of humanity?had beon concluded. There is, wo repeat, a great doubt whether the greatest pomp and parade over the dead is not in a considerable degree de vised for the honor and glory of the living actors of the occasion. There is a dignity in deaih?-the death of great and small? that is intolerant of the gorgeous deoora tions, the parade, and the inflated dis courses, which distinguish modern funerals. It is a crime against the dead to prolong this sort of funeral until the fresh and sin cere grief, the heartfelt sympathy, begin to wane. Tue Rejection of Judge Hoar.?Th< rejection of Judge Hoar for the office o1 Associate Justice of the Supreme Court hai been attributed to his overbearing anc brusque manners, which have made hirr unpopular with his party in Congress. We had supposed that the history of the name of HoXk in relation to the question of abo lition and negro sympathies, added to the Republicanism of the Judge, would have ofisetted any resentful sentiments occa sioned by the Judge's manner. But sena tors have become by habit too autocratic themselves to tolerate any show of per sonal independence or authority in other people. i Whether this be tho just solution or not as far as the Republican party is concerned it does not explain the vote given by south ?? t-r of.tfco Judge. They were Influenoed byno such sentiment. These southern senators, we doubt not, were disinclined to elect a citizen of Massachusetts, however able, to succeed Judge Waynk in a southern cir cuit, This is a very proper feeling, and one that may be expressed without subject-1 ing those who entertain it to censure. We are for harmony and reciprocity in the Union. But it is not incompatible with a genorous national feeling to prefer our own people in filling the offices in our part of the country, just as the people of Massa chusetts do. , Dr. Livingstone?Africa. Again it is reported, as our readers have already been informed, that Dr. Living stone, the African traveller, is murdered. Now it is that he has beeh burned as a wizzard by a chief in the interior of Africa. Neither the reported death nor the cause of it is surprising. The African savages have held all travellers to be supernatural. One day they worshipped them as gods, and the next sought to kill them as devils. This has been the expe rience of the intrepid travellers and mis sionaries in that savage quarter of the globe for centuries. That good, honest soul Mungo Park was amongst the most lamentod of the victims to African explo ration ; and the perils of that sort of life have been but little diminished since his day. We trust Dr. Livingstone is not dead ; but we look upon him as not the greatest of African travellers by a long way. He united with his zeal for inquiry into the condition of Africa a considerable degree of fanati cism, which very much prejudiced his at tempts to throw light upon the real nature of the phases of mankind which be met with. His facts were everlastingly rising up in opposition to his theories, and, being a false guide, his followers were poorly in structed as to what could or should be done for Africa. This vein of fanaticism en thuses the judgments of many of his eu logists, who paint his achievements and his abilities most extravagantly. Spkke and Baker are his superiors, and so are others. Dr. Livingstone is a visionary, and we nevor look for any wise suggestions from him with regard to measures for elevating the African race and solving the problem cf the African continent. That is, indeed, a problem perplexing and impenetrable to the calmest and most sagacious men. To the enthusiasts it is foolishness. We had hoped that in the hands of Providence American slavery would be the means of civilizing the negro region of Africa. The black man lias reached a higher state of civilization in this country than he has anywhere else on earth at any time since creation. If he would, now that he is free, emigrate to Africa, this great event might be brought about; but thus far he has no idea of any such mission. He prefers to dispute here about places and equalities for which he is entirely unfitted. He wants to sleep in the best rooms of the Exchange, to dine at Zetelle's, and to ride in the ladies' cars. These exaltations are the heaven on earth he is now dreaming about. The divine mission of civilizing Africa, and bringing that rich continent into use for the support of man and the enriching of the world, has not entered his head. We trust Dr. Livingstone lives, and that he has not been burned as a wizard. Not that we think he is a great man, but that we think him a good man, and because his zeal and philanthropy deserve some better reward from those who were the never-fail ing objects of his care and labors than being burned at the stake. Wc will add that although wc are stag gered somewhat in the idea that the Ameri can negro is destined to civilize Africa we have not entirely abandoned it. Tho ex citement of the day will he over after a time, and new lights may then appear to tho African race in this country, and new views be planted in their minds. There may he then a tide of emigration from our shores towards Africa. The prospect of this is not encouraging, but it may so happen. Traupmann-The Guillotine. The monster murderer of the Pan tin family, just guillotined in Paris, was tho theme of months of sensation. His execution caused a vast amount of narra tion and description?everything about him, every incident in the preparation for tho execution, and the execution itself? were detailed with intense particularity, I exhibiting all the ingenuity of reportorial art. Even this did not suffice, but the field of speculation was explored for all sorts of suggestions and surmises, and each writer vied with every other in horrible pictures. The occasion was, moreover, seized upon for a renewal of the discussion of the ques tion as to whether the brain of the head struck from the body retains its faculty of intelligence and reflection. Such occupa tion is entertaining to scientific persons, but of course can never lead to any satis factory conclusion. One Dr. Pixel, in a newspaper essay upon the subject, assumes that although the large arteries are soon emptied by dividing tho head from the body "the brain remains intact, nourish " ing itself with the blood retained by the " pressure of the air." How docs Dr. Pi xel know this ? Of course this is mere inference. There has never been any manifestation of a sign of consciousness in a severed head save an imaginary blush upon the cheek of Makie Antoinette after her head dropped from the guillotine when that cheek was slapped by a brute of a man. The story, if not credible, reflected oredit upon those present who believed it, and who no doubt blushed themselves for the act so disgraceful to man. Dr. Pixel estimates that the brain finds nourishment in the residuary blood for about an hour after decapitation; during which time u there remain tho nerves of hearing, of smell, and of sight." " If," he adds, " a bodiless head indicates by no " movement the horror of its situation, it is " because it is physically impossible thi^t it " should do so, all the nerves which serve " for the transmission of ordorB from the " brain to the trunk being severed." And yet we know that the piercing of the Bpinal marrow without cutting off the head and without shedding blood causes death instan taneous ; and although that medium alone of all between the head and the body is inter rupted, orders from the brain are no more indicated than if the head were out off and had fallen into The basket. Gar reting takes not off the head; but is in tended to produce death by pieroing the spinal marrow with a sharp-pointed instru ment or wjrew. It does its work, and there arenas far aoscnceras tnrma, 110 mow " orders from Hiese headqtaakerfl." Manifestly the proposition that certain! faculties exist in the he&d after decapita tion is incapable of proof, and its discus sion can lead to no practical result* $?c observe that the philanthropists, who jure ever misled by a little moonshine, are as suming that death by the guillotine is cruel, because upon Dr. Pixel's surmise, the victim suffers bo horridly for two hours: the state of inertia lasting for that period before "absolute death." ? We do not like the guillotine any more than we do hanging; but a mock philan thropy imagines theTe are none so depraved and brutal as to merit death, and no crime which may not be condoned by incarcera tion with comfortable lodging and food and daily sermons from themselves. Wo sus pect there-are few criminals who would not profer either mode of death to being tor tured by their speeches. Mr. Sherman's funding bill has not yet passed even one house, and is therefore as yet of no importance. As to Mr. Bout well's humbug of a sinking fund, it pro vides as follows: "And the United States bonds now held as the sinking fund and the United States bonds now held in the.Trcasury shall be cancelled and destroyed, a detailed record thereof being first made in the books of the Treasury Department. And the bonds hereafter purchased under this section shall in like manner be cancelled and destroyed." j We long ago exposed this humbug. Mr, Sherman's bill will be so Itered before it gets through the two Houses (if it over docs) that he will not know it. OrR Trapk wnn the Neoroep.?The turn of political affairs in the Haytien and Dominican Governments is adverse to the purchase of Samnna by the United States Government, and Cabrai. and Lcperon have protested against the sale, and the protest has been officially communicated. Now, will our Government back out? If contracts made by one Government are to be cancelled by another which upsets it, why there will be no making of treaties with the negroes of the West Indies. Revo lution there changes the political authority ?o rapidly that treaties would hardly be dry before they would be at an end. This sort of tiling is anomalous amongst nations, and if the United States thinks Samana is relilly important to the national interests it will, hardly surrender it because of the protests of the revolutionists. Require that all moneys held by guar dians, executors, administrators, and other legal custodians of others' estates, shall bo invested in the new (United States four per cent.) consol, and kept there till required for paying over to the rightful owners.? York Tribune. The Tribune is one of the ablest and most intelligent papers in the Union. From this suggestion we may see to what lengths the theory of concentrating all power in the Federal Government would lead its sup porters. _ The Baltimore Medical Journal is the title of a new monthly medical publication, edited by Drs. E. Lloyd Howard and T. S. Latimer, of that city. Price, $4 per an num. Edited with evident enterprise and a vigilant observation upon the improve ments in medical and kindred science. El lyson & Taylor agents. MARRIED, ?ev- William T. Llnd i>fkirs u1s?kosa In this city, on Tuesday, January 25th. hv Elder John A. Dearborn, GEOtiGE X. WILSON, Esq., of Chesterfield county, and Mrs. MARY K. Mc? KIEL,of this city. Nocards. On the 31st January. 1870, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. John E. Edwards. SAMUEL P. MAYO, Esq., to Miss SALLIE E. GRAVES; both of (his city. No cards. DBS DIEDt At Reaver Dam, Hanover county, Friday the 4th, ALEXANDER FONTAINE. Ills funeral will take place at Reaver Dam SUN DAY, Cth February, at 11 o'clock. * Funeral Notice.?The funeral of R. S. POL LARD will take place on SUNDAY AFTER NOON a' 3 o'clock. Instead of Saturday, us stuped In yesterday morning's paper. MEETINGS. Brotherhood locomotive en gineers.?The regular meeting of RICH MOND DIVISION, loi, II. L. E- will beheld In their hall, 600 Broad street, THIS EVENING at 8 o'clock. Visiting brethren In good standing arc Invited to attend. By order of JOHN O'BRIEN, C.E. ? Richmond, February o, 1870. re5-ii* An adjourned meeting of the STOCKHOLDERS OF THE CHURCH AND UNION HILL BUILDING FUND COMPANY will be held at. the office of the Dollar Savings Bank on TUESDAY, February 8th, at Imlf-nast 6 o'clock P.M. JOHN NETTLES, fe 4?4t President. A N ADJOURNED MEETING OF THE J\ STO-. KHOLDERS OF THE VIRGINIA BUILDING FUND COMPANY will be held on MONDAY the 7th February at the school-housb of Mr. J. II. I'eay. T, L. D, WALFOIUX fe 4?3t* rfeslUehli Office of the Old Dominion iron and) Nail Works Company, > Richmond, VA., January 3L, 1870. 5 fPHE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE A SHAREHOLDERS of this company will be held at their office on MONDAY. 7th February, at 12 M. R. E. BLANKF.NS1IIP, fel-6t CommerclHl Ageut. FOK SALE. 2S AND H ORSES EOR. SALE Just arrived from Kentucky. a lot of flue YOUNG MULES; also a lot of LARGE WELL-BROKE MULES and several line RIDING and DRIVING HORSES, young, active, sound, and stylish. Apply at E. BOb SIEUX'S stables, on Franklin between Eighteenth and Nineteenth streets. tfe4?Ct ALDERNEY BULL FOR SALE.?This beautiful animal is three years old and tho roughbred. Judges pronounce him the flncst of his line they ever saw. Apply at once to D. S. D* LAPLANE, at the Monumental Hotel, Rich mond. (fel?eod3t] . A. P. Ipoit SALE, TWO VERY FINE 1 MULES and a COAL CART and . GEAR, in perfect order, belonging to I the Dover Company. Can be seen at? ourvard. Ja 25?2>v JONES A BROOKE. TO THE MEMBERS OF THE GENE RAL ASSEMBLY : Gentlemen*.?I respect fully oflfer mvself a candidate for the office of PUBLIC PRINTER for the State of Virginia, fueling confident that, If elected, I can execute tne work promptly and satisfactorily. My long ex perience In printing in the city of Richmond, and my standing among its people, Is all I shall now refer to. Ir you will give me yonr support for this office I'will perform the duties of tne same with the strictest fidelity. Very respectfully, GEORGE W. GARY, fe F?lw* No. 1217 Main street. City Auditor's office, > Richmond, Va., January 24, 1870. j OWNERS OF CARTS, WAGONS, DRAYS, OMNI BUSSES, HACKS, and all other wheeled vehicles drawn by horses or mules, are hereby notified that all licenses expire JANU ARY 31st, 1870, and are required to renew the same for 1870 during th3 first fifteen days In FEB RUARY NEXT, or be subjected to the penalties imposed by ordinance. WILLIAM H. ALLDKRDICE, Ja 25?dtl5Feh City Auditor. Auditor's Office, j Kichmond, Va., January 27, 1870. TO OWNERS OF DOGS AND GOATS. LICENSES for the year 1870 are required to be taken out at the Auditor's office before the 15th of FEBRUARY NEXT, or incur the penalty im posed by ordinance. WILLIAM H. ALLDERDICE, ja 29?tFis , City Auditor. B~ EST NO. 1 KEROSENE OIL AND PRATT'S NON-EXPLOSIVE ASTRAL OIL for sale by L.WAGNER, Druggist, fe 5-It* Sixth and Broad street Rich plated tea sets-of new and rich designs?Just received and for sale at the lowest pricos. GEORGE C. GARY, 1 de# opposite ppst-o file* LIABLE GARDEN I *fc sSyP8"^' ^^j^AGNriLTfrnggigt. ptLQVER SEED.-?10Q. bushels prime \J CLOVER SEED on consignment, low to clow. f , ? i j Ja n A. Y. STOKE8 k CO ALLAN* JOHNSON'S CATALOGUE Ja. FOB 1870 now ready, and will be mailed free to any addreu. Onr stock embraces everything found In a FIRhT-CLA88 SEED STORE. GARDEN BEED, FIELD BEED, FLOWER SEED, clover. timothy, HERDS GRASS, ORCHARD GRASS, BLLrE GRASS, 8EED POTATOES, Ac. ? Orders executed with accuracy and dispatch. . teeds sent by mall at our cost. ALLAN A JOHNSON, 1598 Main street. Poat-offlce box 48. Ja31 T>ELIABL"E GARDEN SEEDS.?"We XV have now in store a fall and complete stock of fresh Garden Seed.? of the nstial sunprlor qnality. Our IlUmtraled iJatalogue and Almanac tor WO Is now ready for distribution. Free to all pur cus tomers. IJa20] ALLISON A ADDISON. 300 Ja 28 BUSHEL8 TRIHE CLOVER SEED In store and for Bale by ALL180N A ADDISON. 'FIMOTH Y, ORCHARD GR ASS, X nerds Gr*ss, Kentucky Blue Grass. Lucerne, Millet, etc. A large stock In store and for sale at lowest rates wholesale aud retail. Ja 28 ALLISON A ADDISON. Early potatoes for seed.? Early Rose, Early Goodrich, Early Dyke man, White Mercer, Monitors, etc., grown ex pressly for seed, and warranted true to untne. ja 28 ALLISON A ADDISON. onn BUSHELS PRIME CLOVER ZCUU SEED for sale by ja 24 PALMER, HARTSOOK A CO. Field seed. ^ ino bushels prime CLOVER, 100 bushels TIMOTHY. 100 bushels ORCHARD GRABS, 50 burfhcls HERD GRASS, 25 bushels KENTUCKY BLUE GRABS, and all kinds of FLAVORING SEEDS, for sale low. PALMER A TURPIN, au 12 1528 Main street. LIME, R OCKL AND LIME. 1,009 barrels ROCKLAND LIMB expected In a few days ; 800 barrels in stora. For sale by Ja 17 A. 8. LEE. TOILET ARTICLES. jy^URRAY & LANMAN'S FLORIDA WATER,' the most celebrated anfl most delightful of all PERFUMES; for USE ON THE HANDKER CHIEF, AT THE TOILET, and IN THE BATH. FOB BALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS AND PERFUMERS; Ja Jtf-eodlra MAGIC COMB will turn the liair a beautiful brown or blaik. ja 29 . WOOD & SONS. /^lOXDRAY'S TGTLET POWDERS, Maw & Sou's 1 ^ ? Toliet Powders, Ltibln's Toilet Powders. (Ja-?J WOOD & SONS. PKOFESSIO.\A L CARDS. JAMES NELSON'S LAW OFFICE is In Room No. 5. Shafcr's Building, corner of MAIN AND TENTII STREETS, text to the custom-house. 1a 7?1 in CONFECTIONERIES. YYRANGES.?25 boxes prime ORANGES AND LEMONS Just received on consignment, for sale by Ja 28 ROBERT F. WILLIAMS & CO. ORANGES AND LEMON'S.?Messina FRUIT receiving by steamers, and selling l0? % close consignments, bv^ ^ ^ ^ JJAVANA . ORANGES. MALAGA GRAPES. ALBEMARLE PIPPINS. 1a 10 A. PIZZINI & CO. JUST RECEIVED AND IN STORE 3.000 pounds of TURKISH and GERMAN PRUNES, which I will sell to dealers at a very low price in any desired package; 50 half-barrels PICKLES In vinegar?ew In a barrel. I keep con stantly on hand, to he flfdd III any quantity, LEMON CRACKERS, SODA CRACKERS. OYSTER CRACKERS. MUSHROOM CRACKERS. These Crackers art warranted to be far snpevlor to any made In tills city, and to be Bold at the low est market rates, dellverod to any part of tbo city free of charge. C. ZIMMEK, Ja 16 1548 Main street. FURNITURE, fte. HA. ATKINSON & SON, HAVING 4 removed to No; I2J1 Main ;street^ jazxjk door to Levy Brothers, over the sune oa Noaa Walker & Co., are now prepared, In their spacious wurerooms, to show their line stock of i URNI TURE, and to' offer greater inducements to their customers. They have on hand all kinds, both verv FINE and PLAIN FURNITURE, together with the celebrated EMPIRE SPRING HEDi gATTRESSES; Ac;. Their UNDERTAKING OOMS dha WORKSHOP will bfc contlnucd.at their old stand, GovernoT street. ja Itn-dm Furniture and mattress W A REROOMS.?Up stairs, opposite the post-ofllce, Maiu street, you will And In two of those Iron-front buildings the largest and most varied assortmentof PaHLOK, CHAMBER, and DINING-ROOM FURNITURE In the State, of everv varletv of style and finish. Also, Mattresses and Spring Beds made to order In any9tylede sired. Our stock of Chamber Furniture being rerylarge, complete suits can be purchased at our establishment from $85to Jwoo. we have reduced the prices of all our goods, and we are now 6Clllug about as low as we did fifteen years ago. We Invite all In want of good, substantial Fur niture to examine our assortment before buying >r ta< We have goods to suit all parlies?the rich or the poor. HARWOOD & HITTER, opposite the post-ofllce. Main street, de ie Richmond, va. LUMBER, LATHS, Ac. fj^OBACCO-BOX LUMBER. 300,000 feet 4-4 CANADA SYCAMORE, 360,000 Act f CANADA SYCAMORE, 60,000 feet 4-4 OAK, 50,000 feet 4-4 WHITE PINE, 20,000 feet ROCK MAPLE, 30,000 feet AHH, 1, 3, 8, and 4 Inches thick. All of tlie above Is thoroughly seasoned. I am manufacturing TOBACCO BOXES at mv factory, and alwavs have a good supplvon band. . N THRACITE COAL land 230 tons RED A SHAN' log this day, and for sale In quantities to suit pur chasers.! JAMES GUNN, corner of fe 4?2aw4w Dock and Twenty-flrst streets. W. c. MAYO. J. F. W. GIB SOX. LUMBER.-SAW-MILL, MAYORS ISLAND?We keep constantly on hand for sale, in any quantity, large or small, a large stock of SEASONED LUMBER for building pur pOSCd) I>UAui/0| DA lilO} 1 AL1AUO. Sc., Sc. Our facilities for obtaining logs, and our oapacity for sawing, enable us to fill all orders promptly aud at as low prices as 'any other par ties. MAYO S GIBSON, de 23?3m Post-office box 410. J^UMBER I LUMBER!! LUMBER III TRUMAN A. PARKER S CO., dealers in White Pine, Foplar, Black Walnut, Maple, Ash, Hickory, Oak, Cherry, Mahogany, aud sycamore Lumber; also, all kinds of Bolldlug Lumber, Shlnglesj Laths, Staves, Spokes, Sc.; keep always on band a large stock, and sell at low prices. Their old customers, and all others In want of Lumber, are particularly Invited to give them a call before buying elsewhere. Corner Sixth and Canal streets, Richmond, Ya. no 11?3m* CONDENSED MILK (Eagle brand), Pnre BERMUDA ARROWROOT, SCOTCH OAT MEAL (genuine), ITALIAN MACARONI and VERMICELLI, DEVILLED HAM, POTTED HAM and ANCHOVY PASTE, EAST IND'A MaNIOCA, PINE APPLE, EDAM, and 8AP8AG0 CHEESE: WHITE and MOTTLED CASTILE SOAP. DAY & MARTI.VB BLACKING, at - fe4 J.B.KIDD'8. T7NVELOPES AND PAPER^-Full JEi stock at ELLYSON A TAYLOR'S, no# tmixteg DUyotoh ?uli<&a TTYDBATE OF CHLORAL, ; " BEST QUALITY. A FRESH SUPPLY JUST RECEIVED. We &T8 now able to sdtthte vahiftDli remedy a pRifig REDUCED J. BLAIR, Dragging ft g 825 Broad atreet. RADWAY'S SAR8APARILLA RE SOLVENT, . Dr. Lawrence's Woman's Friend, Koskoo, and Rosadalls : Kennedy's Dla oo.cn-, swayoe-. fe5_lt# Birth and Broad streets. XTEADE & BAKER'S MEDICINALLY - PURE COD-LIVER OIL, Importod direct to this city by themselves, pre scribed by our most prominent physicians, and approved by their patients as the BEST, PUREST, AND MOST ACCEPTABLE TO THE STOMACH EVER SOLD. THE NEW HYPNOTIC, (Cliloral-Hydrat,) prepared In Berlin by Bchering after the formula of Dr. Llebrelck. WARRANTED CHEMICALLY PURE, and for sale by MEADE A BAKER, Dispensing Pharmacists, ft; o 619 Main street. TO PHYSICIANS AND ADISCRIMI A NATING PUBLIC?PURE MEDICINAL COD LIVER OIL?No argument Is needed to prove the efllcacy of cod liver oil as a remedy In pulmonary consumption, scrofulous and other glandular affections, chronic gout, rbcumatlBin, and cutaneous diseases. Nature has here provided a remedy which the Ingenuity of man has failed toproduce artificially. Messrs. CASWELL, HAZARD & CO. have spared no labor or expense In furnishing phvslciaus and others a PURE MEDICINAL COD LIVER OIL. The result of their labors have been truly gratify ing, and the oil heartily endorsed by the medical faculty and a discriminating public. Recognizing the sacredness of the Important trust devolved upon them, they have maintained the purity and excellence of the article, and al though others emhlons of the popularity of this oil have from time to time put forth cod liver oils of various degrees of merit, the confidence of phy6icluns and others in their article has never been shaken, and the demand has constantly aug mented. _ Ask for HAZARD & CASWELL'S COD LIVER OIL, The trade supplied at manufacturers' prices. For sale by THOMAS H. HAZARD, Agent, Ja 91 Frankl 1 n street corner t ourt h. RIGOLLOT'S MUSTARD LEAVES? The most convenient, and safest sinaDislm known. Adopted by the Paris hospitals and the Imperial navy. WOOD & SONS, Ja Ninth and Main. . PURE MEDICINAL COD-LIVER OIL-WARRANTED GENUINE-PRE PARED FROM FRESH AND HEALTHY LIVERS.?This OIL we have had Imported from the most reliable source, and since its reception have subjected it to rigid examination. It Is of superior quality?perfectly sweet?and Is, we be lieve, equal to anv oil ever'offered in this country. Physicians are Invited to examine It. Ja 28 PUKCELL, LAPP & CO., Druggists. 1M10UBLES0ME COUGHS and COLDS, . Sore Throat and Hoarseness, speedily cured by Wooll'olk's Cough Syrup, i)repared by POW HATAN E. DUPTJY. Apothecary, 427 Broad street. It gives immediate relief in all affections of the lungs by producing a free expectoration of the phlegm which obstructs them, thus quieting the cough, relieving tbo Inflammation, and giving the diseased organs a chance to heal. Ja ll D R. KIEESTEAD'S UNRIVALLED REMEDY THE KING OP ALL PAIN. The great Internal and external medicine will cure headache In five minutes, toothache In one minute, neuralgia, rheumatism, coughs and cold, cramps and chollc, sprains, dlarrhaa, fever and ague, cholera morbus, inflammation of the kid neys, plies, burns, foul stomach, and many other diseases and ailments of the human body too nu merous to enumerate. It Is a diructlc, curing diseases of the kidneys and bladder; it Is a tonic and stimulant, giving an appetite and invigorating the system; It Isadla flborotlc, causing perspiration and allaying fever: t is an expectorant, acting on the lungs, and good In all throat and lung diseases. There Is not a pain or ache, nervous or Inflam matory, but that THE KING OF ALL PAIN will relieve, and in most Instances entirely cure. It should always be used before any other remedy is tried, for it is almost certain In every case to be the only thing needed. Pit ICE, FIFTY CENTS PER BOTTLE. Sold by all druggists, apothecaries, and dealers everywhere. W. IL BROWN & BROTHER, sole proprietors W110LESALK DKCGOISTS, BALTIMOItE, Ml). [se is?eodOm] RISON'S COUGH MIXTLRE.?Call at Bison18 Drug Store, corner of Main and Third streets, and get a bottle of Premium Cough Mix ture. It Is warranted to cure, no 9 JOHN W. RISON, Druggist. DENTISTRY. jyL. C. E. KLOEBER, SURGEON DENTIST. ARTIFICIAL TEETH f 20 to $30. PURE NITROUS OXIDE GAS EVERYDAY, DENTAL ROOMS and LABORATORY, 903 BROAD BTREF.T. fe 4 WHAT DO YOU TlIIN K WE'LL / extract your teeth for nothing and' ttv.e you a drink V 3i3Pro*<1 street: TAYf.OR BROTHERS, Den tists. Teetli put In: Teeth illled. Tc-eth extracted rtlth mt pain. Gold or SllvOi' Plates. 315 Broad street, between Third and Fourth. Ei'tire satis faction or no pay at 315 Broad street. Cheap sets, solid silver, for $15. fe 1 TYR. JUD. B. WOOD. DENTIST./ \_) TEETII EXTRACTED WITHOUT' ' Beaut If ui ARTIFICIAL TEETH, on any base lesired. at moderate prices. lesireu. at muuci Special attention paid to PRESERVING the latural TEETH. All work guaranteed to give entire satisfaction. Office : 721 Mala street, between Seventh and Slghtb. fe 1?3m "|R. QEORGE B. STEEL, DEN J TIST, Brags to the practice of his / TIST, Brirfgs to the practice of hlsvJEBD? ofession an experierfceof ffRirJy twenty years, , ? frill rinn to ?Oiession an experience uw'/j ereby enabling hlra to give fall! satlsfMtloii to 8 patrons. ARTIFICIAL TELTH hlscrted at s pairuuo. Auiu iumu ^ ...? ? w prices, and the natural ones filled and pre rved for a long period. TEETH EXTRACTED 1th rapidity, ana certainly without pain. OlHce, No. 723 Main street (Ave doors above /otswood Hotel), Richmond. Va. oc 12 HAYLOR BROTHERS, DEN-j L TISTS, 315 BROAD STREET.?Ten* ;ars of experience and devotion to our proies on warrant Us in promising the greatest skill id di -patch, with charges to suit the times. Iu isertlngnew sets no advance required. All we ik is a chance of showing our ability to do the ;ry best work, at prices withtn the reach of all ho apply. ja 20?3m "OHN MAHONY, SURGEON DENTIST. (formerly of the ilriti Of Wayt & Mahonvh serts FULL UPPER or LOWER. SETS OF RTIF1CIAL TEETH lor from T? ENTY to 1IIRTY DOLDARS. ^ 4.. , OLD GOLD SETS bought or exchanged at their due for new sets or vulcanite. ? Office and residence, 825 Main street, between xth and Seventh streets. Ja 3?3m_ WiyjESAYPMftFOEM. :T~BARBELS PURE OLD RYE I WHISKEY 10 barrels FINCH'S GOLliES'WEDDING, 15 barrels PIKE'S MAGNOLIA, 15 barrels PIKE'S XXX, LO barrels BRANDY and GIN, tore and for sale by JQHy M< giGQINS. Hennessey brandy?our own im ^ lforta??n-J-t .rrlvl^ F.r.g.lg ^ E & J. BURKE'S IRISH WniSKEY. ? A few cases of this celebrated WHISKEY? tic oldest and very best imported. For sale bv Ja 10 S. C. TARDY A CO. PORT, SHERRY, AND MADEIRA WINES?We are Just landing?of onr own ^an IiivaIoo a t ahnuA iVT V^.S nart mportation?an invoice of above WINES, part >r which is choice. ja 10 S. C. TARDY A CO. pUINNESS'S STOUT AND YOUNG VJ EE'S ALE?loo cases each from E. and J. Burke, Dublin; and William Younger & Co., Edinburg; our own Importation. Forealeby Ja 10 8. C. TARDY & Cfo. A NOTHER IMPORTATION.?Just re ceived, another lot of theso delicious LONDON ABC CRACKERS, PEARL CRACKERS, * FRUIT CRACKERS. ALSO, FRESH CREAM CRACKERS, . FRESH LEMON CRACKERS, FRESH FARINA CRACKERS. Ja 34 1 SHIELDS, STEVENS A CO. A LL THE PERIODICAL LITERAL A TOW W bo i $djobU&g iMtpotefc Bull die*. GOODS J NEW GOODS J! Just receded, ? nice supply of NEW SITOES OENECK.mBlr all colors. if \~ ; < f ? SMITH THE CLOTHIEF, fc 4 1408 Main street. JJUY YOUR CLOTHING, SHIRTS, AST) GENTLEMEN'S FUBNISHING GOODS, FROM E. B. BPENCE A BON, Merchant Tailors and Dealers In Gentlemen's Fnrnlsblng Goods, 1 300 MAIN STREET. TJftiT] c L O T H I N G AT BALDWIN'S. LATEST IMPROVEMENTS IN STYLE AND FINISH KNOWN TO THE TRADE. BUY BALDWIN'S CLOTHING, FOR IT IS THE BEST IN TOWN. BALDWIN'S CLOTHING GIVES YQT7 A GENTEEL APPEARANCE. YOUNG AND OLD WILL FIND-ALL STYLES TO SUIT THEM. BALDWIN'S SALES THE PRESENT SEASON ASTONISH ALL. FIVE THOUSAND SUITS OF ALL GRADES HAVE BEEN SOLD. CITIZENS AND STRANGERS, WE SHALL BE GLAD TO SEE YOU. LOWER THAN THE LOWEST OUR GOODS SHALL BE SOLD. BALDWIN THE CLOTHIER, CORNER MAIN AND TENTH 8TBEET8 J&8 "VTOTICE.?Being desirous of closing out 11 my WINTER STOCK of ready-made clothtng, , _ consisting of COATS of all Htyles, VESTS, PAN TALOONS, OVERCOATS, ucd CAPES, I will offer the above from this date at FIVE PER CENT. ABOVE NEW YORK COST, I have also a good selection of CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, and VI-STINGS, for custom work, and GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS. B. BECHEB, dc 23 8 south Fourteenth street, near Main. DRY GOOm 1870. DOMESTICS. DOMESTICS IHIiBH A GUGGENIIEIMER have Just opened a large stock and fall assort ment of tbe celebrated brands of BLEACHED AND BROWN MUSLINS, and respectfully ask a call from buyers before purchasing elsewhere. Their motto Is "(^UICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS." ALSO, desire to call the special attention of the LADIES to their unbroken stock of DRESS GOOD8, which are being closed out AT AND BELOW COST. A splendid line of POPLINS. PLAIN AND STRIPED, only 25c. per yard (reduced from 35 and 30c.) A beautiful assortment of EMBROIDERIES, VERY CHEAP. SHAWLS, CLOAKS, SHAWLS, AT A SACRIFICE, MEN'S WEAR, Such as CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, SATINETS, Ac., AT VERY LOW PRICES. And a full stock of NOTIONS, such as usually found In a flrst-claes Dry Goods Store. HIRSH A GUQGENHEIMER, 827 Broad street. ESTABLISHED 1S33. 8ALK9MKN : W. C. Kean, J. H. Chenery, and J. Slade. Closed on SATURDAYS. fe 1 TJUCKWALL & ROUSS, NO. 1208 MAIN STREET. DRY GOODS STILL ON THE DECLINE I Anctlon-rooins crowded. Goods sacrificed at half-price. Arrival of the Isaac Bell on the 24th of January, 1S70, with u shipment of AUCTION BARGAINS for DUCKWALL A ROUgS. Closing out our WINTER STOCK at nominal prices to make room for the NEW BARGAINS ARRIVING bv every steamer, bought at the sew rates, and sold accordingly. Will give prices next week. jy 28 QREAT CLOSING-OUT SALE. SELLING OFF! SELLING OFF! The entire stock of FALL and WINTER GOODS will be sold for the next thlrtydays at and below cost at JULIUS SYCLK'S, 415 Broad, between Fourth and Fifth streets. IRISH and FRENCH POPLINS at reduced prices; BLACK and COLORED SILKS to suit the times; BED BLANKETS at $6 worth sffl; LINEN CAMBRIC HANDKERCHIEFS at ?5c. per dozen; IRISH LINENS from 37Jc. upwards; LINEN DOYLIES at $1 per dozen; LINEN CRASH at toe. per yard; PLAID POPLINS from 25c. upwards; VELVETEENS In all colors; BLACK ALPACA at great bargalna ; DOUBLE and SINGLE BROCHLE SHAWLS cheaper than ever i DOUBLE and SINGLE WOOL SHAWLS; CLOAKS and CLOAKING3?a full assortment; A "complete stock of FLANNELS In all shades and qualities at low figures; CALICOES, COTTONS, SHEETINGS, Ac.-a full stock?at ihe lowest prices; HOSIERY, ? LOVES, CORSETS, HOOP SKIBTB, NOTIONS, Ac.-a full line, and at prices to suit everybody; LADIES' and MI8SES' VEST8 and GENTLE MEN'S and BOYS' UNDERWEAR at greatly reduced prices; and a great many other articles Jn our line which ore too numerous to mention. So all I ask Is to give a call and convince your self at JULIUS SYCLE'S. 415 Broad streej, between Fourth and Filth. 8ATURDAY?CLOSED. . J? M-ta PER DAY. ?? PEB DAY* POTSWOOD HOTEL,WCHM0JJD VJu ... . ? (...ulthtathiinntl d denote. respectfully inform the public that IT NOw aPKN? It will be thoroughly renov*. ma of Presidents Davis, Johnson, and Grant, 1 Chief Justice Chose. ? ha travelling public are cordlaQy Invited to ke their honte at tbe Spotswood, where they 1 find every comfort and delicacy that this and r markets can supply. i t&d Telegraph ofti press and Telegraph office in i W? B. JUOOLWl _ ?wprtewfl? MR' B ItXdbaw jyX DRAWNfftnflthe firm of GAHHOZO al! ROUHQtJBZAW, Mr. JACKTKMPLir bw been admitted to an interest. The btulaeu will be conducted under the Arm *nd style of CAKDOZO, ROUBQUBEAM & CO. . I will remain with the above concern, and win be glad to aero my flrteada and acquaintance*. *" DISSOLUTION OF 'cO-FABTNEBi 8H1P?The Ann ofTALBOTT fir BROTHER ladlssolvcd by mutual consent to date from 1st January. 1870. Either party will use the name ol the Arm in settlement. CHARLE8 TALBOTT, JAMES M. TALBOTT. NEW FIRM.?Having bought oot the Interest of my brother, James M. Talbott. Ihaveassoct ated with me my sons CHARLES H. and ALLAN ^m0"ilLB?ATsONs!IW """"" The portion of our works htely destroyed hy flrc has been rebuilt, and the bolldlncs filled with tb? moat approved machinery, so that lam now pre. and all descriptions of TOBACCO "FIXTirREP, IRON and BRASS CASTINGS, Aa., Ac., which 1 shall be Hble to furnish promptly and as cheaply ?g the sime quality of machinery can be made for anywhere. i tune this occasion to return rny warmest thanks to the numerous friends who have so long and liberally patronised the old Ann, and respect fully solicit their continuation with the new, pledging t igive my undivided time and attention, as heretofore, to filling all orders entrusted to me promptly and in the most satisfactory mauuer possible. CHARLES TALBOTT. In retiring from business, I take occasion to re turn mv sincere thanks to the many friends who have so'llberally patronized the old firm ofTal bott A Brother, and would most cordially recoup mend to them the new firm, which has all the means and facilities for turning out machinery ol superior quality enjoyed hytbc old, ttS-lw JAMES If. TaT.BOTT. Dissolution of co-partner. SHIP?The firm of G. W. TAYLOR A CO. Is this day dissolved by mutual consent. G. W. TAYLOR, H. SELDON TAYLOR. The undersigned having purchased the Interest of H. Seldon Taylor, anu assuming all debts ol the firm of G. W. 1 aylor & Co., will continue tbo business at the old stand. G. W. TAYLOR. RICHMOND. February 1, 1870. fe t-lw* riO-PARTNERSHIP NOTICE.-Rich \J MONT>, Va., January 13th, 1870.?We have ihU dav H*S'icl>ited ourselves together under the style unci firm of WTLLSoN ARaGLAX'L). for the pur* pose of condu' ting the LEAF TOBACCO COM MISSION BUSINESS. Our offlceat present will be with Messrs. Spencer & Cunningham, next door to the Tobacco Ex* change. < be patronage of oar friends la respectfully so* UcltedL NAT. k. W1LVON, late of Petersburg, Vs.. W. PL KAGLANIX late of Petersburg, Va. Refer by special permission to W. K. Martin A Co., I). T. Williams A Co., Gibson A Watkins, Wise Brothers. John B. Davis, president of the Planters' National Hank. Rich mond, Va.; H. Ragland, presldeut Hrst atlon.il Bank, William K. Mallory, J?.nes A Plummer, John Donnan 4 Co., Petersburg. Va. Ja 13? lin INSURANCE COMPANIES. f^lTIZENS7 INSURANCE COMPANY, \J NEW YORK. CASH CAPITAL SJ00,000.00 ASSET?, JANUABY 1. 1870 634,444.74 Insures against loss by Are, buildings, merclian ilse, household furniture,rents, leases rann build ings and contents, and personal property gene rally. 'i his Comnan v having divided FIVE HUNDRED X PER CENT. IN DIVIDENDS to its AND SIX stockholders during the past twenty-one years, aow issues policies entitling the holders thereof to partlclpate'ln the profits of the business to the ex tent of SEVENTY-FIVE PER CENT. The: atten tion of assurers Is called to this system of Insu rance as affording greater security, with less cost to the policy holders. The Company will continue to 1-sue NON-PAR TICIPATING POLICIES at rates as low as any ather responsible company. JAMES M. MCLEAN, President. EDWA11D A. WALTOX, Secretary. K. T. BROOKE, Agent, fe 3?lm No. 1011 Main street. Richmond. Mutual a^urance society of VIRGINIA. CIIARTEKED 1791. Office cobnkk of Tenth and Hank stiikuts, RICHMOND, VA. This old and well-known Virginia Institution In jures Buildings by perpetual or annual policy. It has more th in TEN MILLIONS OFMOI. LARS insured on property pledg d to make good losses. More than TWO AND A QUARTER MIL LIONS OF DOLLARS have been paid lu losses to the people of Virginia. Upwards of TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS (a large part of it for losses during the war) have been paid sluce (ho war ;losed. The former four-fifths system of Insurance has >een abolished, and other important changes mada 'or the benefit of the assured. Losses equitably adjusted and promptly paid. HERBERT A. CLAIBORNE, Principal Ageat, J. B. DANFORTH, Secretary. H. D. Danfobth, Assistant Secretary. Samcll U. Pulliam, Collector. fe i-3m PI UARDJ.AN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, OF NEW YORK. ORGANIZED IN 1M9. ALL POLICIES NON-FORFEITABLR, HALF LOAN GIVEN, LAST CASH DIVIDEND, FIFTY PES CENT. STATEMENT: Pollclea in force 130,NO, M# iaeete 3,000,700 Annual income Loscee paid o W. H. PECKHAM. Presldeut; W. T. HOOKER, Vice-President; L. McADAM, Secretary and Actuary; G. A. FCDICKER, Superintendant. SECURITY, CHEAPNESS, LIBERALITY, tOGRESS, and 8UCCES3. mark ?wd dlstin lsh tho management of this company. ISAAC HUTZLER, sneral Agent for Virginia and North Carolina. Office, No. Bi/3 Main street. Dr. J. G. Cabell. Medical Examiner, no 13 w II.LIAM A. CHARTERS, 'V GENERAL INSURANCE AGENT, MINER MAIN AND ELEVENTH STREETS, RICHMOND, VA. W INSURANCE PROVIDED on BUILDINGS, EUCHANDIS?., andothtr INSURABLE 1'RO ERTY, In city or country, at the lowest rath FltEMlt'M In any of thi RICHMOND or CHER COMPANIES doing business In tbia city. Particular attention given to the proper drawing policies and adjustment of losses. LIFE INSURANCE effected with thereat com alea. Ja IS?S4W3in H. MONTAGUE, 1119 Main stbekt. ? Richmond, represents the EQUITABLE EE ASSURANCE^ S O C I E T Y OF NEW r Ku V? - ? - )RK. Assets over $10,000,000. Annual cash lu me, $8,500,000. All profits divided annually ioug the assured. Its affairs are carefully In stigated by leading business men and by the In rance Department of the State of New York, ilders of this company's policies ofteaer ln msc the amount of llitlr Insurance thau relln Ish. Its past and present success is must con leuous. Applications solicited. WILLIAM C. ,EXANI>ER, President; IIENRV 13. HYDE, ce-Presldent; GEORGE W. PHILLIPS, Ac iry; JAMES W. ALEXANDER, Secretary, to 12?3m ARTICIPATION INSURANCE. system of insurance under which a company's tlty to nay Its losses keeps full pace with Its m islug liability to Incur loss wAliout imposing liability whatever upon the holders of Its poll* CONTINENTAL _ _ (FIRE) INSURANCE! COMPANY, OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. STATEMENT OF JULY, 18W; CAPITAL ?5<?,?c SURPLUS $ 1,752.030.75 TOTAL CASH ASSETS $2,252,030.75 tnpauy insures against loss by fire on all property at reasonable rate?. Tbree >f the profits are divided in July of eacl i customers In scrip bearing Interest ai nr. per annum, and redeemable lu cast 2T or Its Issue. THOMAS S. ARMISTEAP, Agent, Office llt3 Malu street, Richmond. BENT A CQFFKOTH, Agents, R Inclioster. Va. Col. MAURICE S. LANGHOKNE. Agent, Lynchburg, Va. SAMUEL R. BOKUM, Agent. Norfolk, Va. tions for agencies In other parts of tl> ' be made to GIBSON 4 ROSE, Stal \ddress box 128, Richmond, Va. \ N. WALKER & CO., /. FIRE, MARINE, AND INLAND INSURANCE AGENTS. OFFICE, NO. 1014 MAIN STREET, under Messrs. It. H. Maury A Co. u Sidings, merchandise, furniture, and pcreoni perty or all kinds, In the city and country, tu ed against loss or .damage by 8re at tbe tvwvs rs In companies of the big hot standing, obacco In warehouses and marine and Inlan ts taken at the lowest rates, oases equitably adjusted and promptly paid. my T LOANS. P YOU HAVE MONEY UPON WHIC1 I YOU DESIRE TO GET THE BEST INTk REST, secured on city ^ Real Estate Agent and Auctioneer, ja 17?ly No. 1814 Main street. ri ENUINE CASTILE SOAP-w&td an \J motU$<Udor sale by