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Virginia free press & farmers' repository. [volume] (Charlestown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1827-1832, March 17, 1831, Image 2

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lions, to overcome which would re- (
quire very deep cutting, aqueducts or
other eipensive erections. Ao inspec-1
lion «f the map would almost satisfy •
•is, that his estimate of the cost eer
mile of a canal 35 feet wide mud 3 feet'
deep, is not too low. and I am persusd-j
ed that an actual survey will confirm
The third plan which has also its
advocates, is to construct a rail road
from II si pers Ferry to Staunton, in
the most direct and practical mute.—
Could this be effected it would he an
important link in the line of commu
>iteaiion between the Chesapeake and
Ohio, thiougli Staunton, over a de
prr«sed point of the Alleghany, near
the White Sulphur Springs, and down
Ihe valleys of the Greenbrier and Ka
nawha; and might furnish a strong in
ducement to the State to complete it,
und thus command the whole trade of
the South West, including Krst Ten
nessee and Alabama, which it could
divert by means of connecting lines to
its various towns, in sufficient quanti
ties to fill them to overflowing, and
still l ive enough for the Painpsco anil
Potomac. I he cost of such an iin
ptovetnenf (I mean from tlarpers-Ker
i y to Staunton) must lie matter of con
jecture only. It consists of two items,
the rails and the foundation. The to
tal co»t ol the rails of a single track
laid on wooden sleepers, including
horse path, on a part of the Baltimore
iail-road, was &4,230 67 cents per
mile, and for a stone block rail-way.
S3.115 67 cents. Where the mate
rials are convenient and cheap, these
auin» might be reduced to four and five
thou.sat d dollars respectively. The
covt of the foundation, that is. the era
dilation of the third division of the
Baltimore road, including a distance
of 17 miles and some polos, is esti
mated and in part contracted for, at
87,0'Jl 28 cents per mile. 'I'he esti
mate of the whole coat of the Reters
buig rail-road, (a murk which like the
former ought never to be mentioned
without paving the just tribute of praise
to the public spirit of its projectors
and supporters) is. I think, little more
than 810,000 per mile, and contracts,
it is »aul, have been actually made for
l«**s than the estiinatrs. 'Taking these
ficts as data, and considering the
slight elevation of country along the
Shenandoah; the lew tributai v stiearns
which it would he netevsary to pas-*
by culverts, viuducts oi bridges; the
abundance of materials, whether iron,
stone, timber or lune, near its shores;
the cheapness of provisions, and the
knowledge and experience acquired in
the construction of rail ways which
might be brought to the aid of this, I
should not imagine that 812.000 per
mile, is too low an estimate of its en
tire cost, especially as the cost of a
single track from Ellicot’s Mills to the
Point of Rocks, a distance of 53 mile*,
will not, probably exceed 813,000 per
mde. Should this conjecture approxi
mate the truth, considerations might
be urged of great weight in favour of
this plau of improvement. 'I'he cost
of transportation apart from the toll, is
less on a rail-road than on a canal;
Mr. Mercer estimating the latter at
one cent, and Mr. Cr«*/.et the former
at three-fifths of a cent per ton per
mile. The tolls to produce the same
revenue, would not be grrater, unless
the cost of the road was at least a third
more than that of the canal, because a
considerable revenue would l>« yield
ed by it from the travelling, and pro
bably lr<nn the transportion of the
mail. Its adaptation to these purpo
ses constitutes another of its important
advantages. The celerity with whirh
burdens of very great magnitude are
transported, is also a principal one.
and in particular states of the market.
Wlllllft lu* il.ri.il alu in r.... ik.
agriculturist. It is proved by actual
experiment upon the Baltimore road
that an average speed of ten miles an
hour may be easily secured, and re*
cently a locomotive engine took 51
tons II csi. of produce from Liter*
pool to Manchester (ecpial to 515 bar*
iel§ of flour) at the rate of 12] miles
.•n hour. What would a substantial
farmer, making 2500 bushels wheat,
»hink of carrying his wmoi.k crop to
Baltimore in osa day, returning the
neit with his plaster, iron and groce*
net? A canal or river improvement
is sometimes obstructed for a console*
cable tuns by ice, *r. but a rail road
never more than a few hours. This
has just been demonstrated near Ual*
timore, by the facility with which in a
aingle day the track has been cleared
anil the cars put into operation, not*
mthstandig the snow was in some
places more than tan Test deep. Above
all, science and human ingenuity,seem
capable of introducing greater im
provsmenta bofh in the construction
of rail ways and the application of die
moving upon them than in any other
mod* of transportation Smro the
rssiMriuemc'iit of the Baltimore and
**»io rail road, Wman’s car has been
introduced, combined rjrfindura! and
conical wheels for the purpose of turn
iag cine* invented, locomotive steam
engine* improved by increasing their
reducing their si/e and
weight, and other minor discoveries
made, enhancing the advantages of
rail ways, and silencing many of the
objection* formerly urged against them.
Hew fat these improvements may be
carried, it ia impossible to foresee, hut
in contemplation of them, and in msti-1
luting • fair compari'nn between dif* f
Jerent plane of improvement, it ou^hl
tint, lastly to be forgotten, that while 1
“i canal or river improvement cannot
be enlarged without considerable ml
dttioral expenditure, a rail-way on an
inferior scale at first, may facilitate
its further improvement.**
I have made these remarks to excite
inquiry, and because your intelligent
cut respondent seems to contemplate)
but one plan of improvement, whilst
the Charlestown meeting alluded to
three, without pretending to determine
which is preferable. Whichsoever is'
ultimately adopted, it will become the
advocates of the others to acquiesce
in the dreisiou, and to unite cordially
in its support without regard to local
interest or any private consideration.
That either ia attainable by the appli 1
ration of the individual resources of|
the persons concerned, even without
the assistance which may be reasons
bly expected from the State. I have
no doubt, and that it would be their
interest, thus to apply them, 1 think
is demonstrable.
There are farmers in Frederick who
sell from one to two thousand barrels
of Hour, and many others from tour to
six hundred,the transportation of w liich
now costs a dollar a barrel, and would
in the event supposed, cost 0;» cents.
Higher up the river the difference will
be greater. I.et them subscribe a sum
the interest of w4mh will amount to
only one fourth of this saving and the
work will be dune.
Aga in, the cost of transportation it
I must be recollected is a deduction from
the clear profits of the farmer, and in
estimating its effect u|>on the price and
value of land, we must-consider flie
utiii ii tv niu^r |>rvviif a,arid
not to the whole price of the article
produced. For the »ake of illuHtrution
let us suppose the cost of producing a
barrel of flour to be g.1. If the farmer
get* for it only four dollars, its trans
portation costing him one, he tnakc>
| nothing, and his land, so far as re
'peris that production, is absolutely
valueless. If he gets five dollars, his
profit is one, and if lie can lesson
the cost of transpiration 50 cents, his
profit is in that ca'C increased 50 per
| cent, and his land, so far as respects
that production, is really raised in
value that amount. Assuming these
I principles, it is a very moderate com
potation to say, that all the lands in
Frederick within a convenient distance
! of the improvement, would be taiseil
in value bv it at least 25 per cent, and
.higher up the valley in greater propor
tion. Let the land holders then, in
consideration of this advantage, suh
! scribe a half, or a fourth, or even a fifth
; of such augmented value, and the work
will be done. Moreover they would
send to market many articles which
now will not bear the cost of trans
[Mutation, such as lumber, hay, &c.
, They would get a larger price for their
produce by creating a better market,
and attracting to it tnnie capital, and
i their return loads would cost them
less by the difference in the cost of
| transportation. Let them subscribe
the amount of these savings and the
i work will be accomplished.
They are urged to do this by every
consideration of interest, even if they
} should sink the whole amount of theii
j subscription. But there it reason to
believe that the stock would be valua
ble, and that even capitalists having
no interest in the soil, would be jus
tified in taking it, with a fair prospect
of remuneration.
J I have heard it conjectured that there
, arc manufactured in the county of Fred
erick alone, mure than 150,000 barrel*
«»f Hour. The counties of Augusta.
Rockingham and .Shenandoah, and that
(part of Jefferson which would transport
its produce through this channel, are
also great producers of wheat, ami its
rIII f I v>rinn u nutil lu> ua.lli' .........J
if the cost of transportation could be
[materially lessened. Add to tli.s, the
produce which might be expected to
come even from the east of the ridge
to some parts of the line, the quantity
of bulky articles to which a new mai kei
would be opened, and the return loads
,«»f iron, aalt, plaster and other mcr*
|Chandi/.e; and it is not perhaps, ex
! travagant to suppose that 75,000 tons
would be conveyed to and from mar
ket, and tome persons have thought
l that there would be more. Assuming
100 miles as the aversge distance it
'would be carried, and the toll to I*
$1 20 cents per ton, equal to two cents
per ton per mile, it would produce a
j revenue of $1)4,000 giving an interest
of C per cent, on the expenditure of
s million and a half ofdollars, which is
more than the prnhahto cost of the
most expensive imptovement contem
ptsted. I invite gentlemen who are
better acquainted with the resources
and productions of the country, mine
ral and agricultural, to correct these
rude estimates, fur which I acknow
ledge I have not suliioent data.
Objections, surh as the ore men
tionrd by Mr. Mercer, which hejustlv
terms a vulgar prejudice, will be urged
to every plan of internal improvement
requiring individual contributions.—
Some are disposed to adopt the selfiivh
principle for waiting for others to do
the work, that they may enjoy the
benefit. Others fold their arms and
vail option the tieneral and Stair C»o i
vernment to undertake it. That some
piompt ant) energetic eflort is urgent ,
7 fpqnired in this anj other sections
ul the State, to improve the advan
tagrs which nature has bestowed, ar.d *
to regain the relative rank which thej
0!*J Pottiod on^e enjoyed among hei •
’ ■
>i«ter Stitei, must be obvious to all.— *
And I am one of those who think that .
•ech an effort to he successful must 1
proceed (tom individuals, and be I
mainly supported by their rontribu-j
tions. The State will, | doubt not, ]
oo its pail. liut let us shew a dispo
sition to put our own shoulders to the
wheel, before we call upon Hercules.
Then I am persuaded our call will be
liberally answered. Your obedient
Fail Fowl tn Harper*- Ferry.— Some
of our citizens have taken up the pro*
ject of a Kail way to Harpers Ferrv
with a degree 0f 7.es! and energy whirl)
if seconded as it should be by others
equally interested, cannot fail to com
mand success. The entire cost of the
work is estimated at 8300.000— near
ly 840,000 have been already sub
•cribed in Winchester, and there is
every reason to believe that the a
mount of subscriptions here will not
fall short of 8GO.OOO. Our country
fiiends may be expected to subscribe
840.000 more, which would ir ake a
total of 100.000 in the county; and
the people of Jefferson will doubtless
aid us with a subscription of fort}
or fifty thousand dollars more.—
If these expectations should be real
ized. the woik must and will goon.—
Baltimore is too deeply interested to
refuse assistance, especially when it
will be so easy a nratter, to satisfy her
capitalists that the stock will yield a
handsome dividend.
Vrtlltl 4»«tf I t niartrt Is u Iiiilioinua
gentlemen ue have not the slightest
doubt that a very moderate tullage
would nett to the stockholders at least
eight percent, upon their investments.
Hut this is far from bring the strong
est inducement to our farmers to em
bark in the scheme. The saving in
the expense of transporting their pro
duce to maiket would be immense.—
At present not a barrel ol flour can
be convexcd fiom this place to Haiti
more at le«H than gl 50 cents per bar
rel ; whereas if xve bad a rail road to
intersect the Haltiinnre and Ohio rail
road at llarpeis Ferry, at the out
side the cost of transportation would
not exceed 40 cts. per barrel, which
xxould be a saving of fcl 10 rts. on
every barrel taken to maiket Every
tanner then, should do something to
'wards the accomplishment of this un
j dertaking ; and we trust that all who
j can do it will forthxx ith nut their names
j (• the subscription. If any thing is
; to be dune now is the time to do it.
WiuihrstiT Virginian of Vih mst.
| Ex traor,Unary performance on the rail nay.
i —On Saturday last the Majestic, a new tn
' gine which has just been put on the rail way.
; travelled six tunes between Liverpool and
! Manchester, a distance of one hundred and
| eighty miles!—The total quantity of goodx
' conveyed backwards and far wards amounted
; to one hundred and forty-two tons'_The
same engine travelled on Monday one hun
• bed anil twenty miles, with loads similar to
I those taken on Saturday There are now
ten engines of Mr Stephenson's employ ed on
the rail way —[tsverpool Timet
It appears bv the foregoing account
,of the performance on the Liverpool
and Manchester rail way, that an En
gine has transported one hundred anti
l forty-two tons of freight one hundred
and eighty miles in one day. making
six trips between those two towns, and
'that on the next day the same Steam
Engine travelled one hundred anti
twenty mite* with similar loads.
The transportation of one hundretl
and forty-two tons, tine hundretl anti
eighty mile*, is equivalent to the con
veyance of one ton four thousand two
hundred and sixty miles. Now, if, as
is stated, the coat of fuel. oil. stt.n.
ddnce and ail other charges, requisite
to the operation* of a Locomotive lin
gine, be only a day, it follows that,
when once a rail road is completed and
all its machinery prepared for ope
rations, four thousand two hundred and
siaty tons may lie transported one mile
for five dollars, one hundred tons
one mile for 12 cents. When these
results are applied to our own road it
will be seen that, estimating ten bar
rels of (lour (or a ton, the transporta
tion of one hundred barrels one hun
drrd miles would cost 120 rents. It
I is true that n» one can suppose that
this full result can ever be reduced to
| continued practice, but the simple fact
I of its having once been accomplished
will be sufficient to place rail roads far
before all other artificial means of
i li importation » indeed it is only tur
prising that any reflecting man, should
be found still tocliug totheCan.il sys
tern under the overwhelming evidence
daily afforded of the immeasurable
advantage* which rail roads oiler over
them. If one fourth of the results
here shewn to have been effected on the
Liverpool and Manchester rail road be
ever realized in our country, no canal,
even without locks,routd compete with
a rad wav.
At the same time it should not be
forgotten that the waeons on the Li
verpool and Manchester rail road arc
of the old construction, and are known
to rrqutrr double the power to draw
therrv that the wagons do oil our rail
road.—-[ flultinwre (*azettt,
sr.w aoaa, manc* 9.
f tmaji'hat it find Cnltkill Rail Rond.
— I he books w, rc opened this morn-i
•ng. agreeably to nc^tn e. There was a
rush for the stork, and it was all taken
n a hurry. 'lea millions would have
been suf»«r:i‘»ed, •( tequ red.
On .Von</fft/. I'rom fifteen to twenty
bills received their second reading, and
were ordered to beengroased—amongst
them, the bill amending the act of in
corporation of the Smithfield, Charles
town. and Harpers-Ferry 'Turnpike
Company. 'The amendment# of the
Serate, to the bill concerning free ne
[•roes ami mulatto**, occupied some
time, and were disagreed to by the
lmu«e. except the last one, which fixed j
the commencement of the act. A mo
tion to postpone the whole subject in
definitely, failed.
'The bill fixing the tenure of the of j
fires of clerks, and regulating their ap j
pointiuenr, was passed. The provisions
of this act require—that an order shall
be made at the May term of the seve
■ral county courts, to summon the ina
gistratea to attend the June term, for'
the purpose of appointing clerks. 'The
service to commence on the 15th ol
'The bills authoiizing subscriptions
to the stock of the ilerryville Turn !
pike Company, and of the Middle:
j Turnpike Company, (the latter leading !
from Diane’s tavern to Alexandria,}1
: wrrre passed.
'The balance of the day was spent in
considering the bill concerning jury
men. It proposed to summon them
not less than three nor more than Itrrn-'
l ty days before each court, ami to allow
mem pm/ i«»r their services. Alter con
siderable debate, a substitute, ofTeied
i by Mr. Claiborne, of Greeusvilie,
[(merely giving county court* the *ame
i power a* superior courts, in summon
ing juror*,) was adopted, bv a vote of
52 to 41. So the project of paving ju
rors is lost. The chief ground of op
position. was the amount of the fund
I which would be necessary for that pur
On 'Ctiestlny, a number of bills re
ceived their first and second readings.
; l'he greater part of the day was spent
in committee of the whole, upon a bill
regulating the foes of clerks. The re
duction proposed, i* equal to about 40
( per cent,
Mr. Leigh, from the committee of
, court* of justice, (which sat during the
session of the house,) returned the bill
establishing the Courts of the Common■
wealth, with sundry amendments.
'I'he Senate was occupied the whole
!day, in debate upon the Staunton and
| Potomac Rail Road bill. A motion
was pending, to strike out the section
j which give* the company power to ex
I fcnd the work to the K mauha ; and an
amendment is also on the tr.ble, prohi
biting the commissioner* from receiv
ing subscriptions from the grnrral go
vernment. I wonder some one did not
also propose to prevent the (stand
j I u,fc from embarking his funds in the
enterprise—the tine being about as pro
bable an event as the other.
I n day, ( ff nlneulay.) an hour was
spent in reading bills in their incipient
state, and in receiving reports. A re
solution was passed, granting leave to
hting in a bill, allowing the Governor
pay for his extra services, as President
of the J.itm-% River Cnmpanv, Jkc. The
judiciary bill was resumed, and the se
, veral amendments of the committee a
‘ greed to. Mr. Claiborne moved to fill
the blank in the bill with the word ten.
. *" ** to have that number of circuits,
f pnn this motion, considerable debate
took place, between Mr. Claiborne,
Mr. Morris, Mr. Leigh, and Mr.
Goode. Mr. Leigh, in obedience to
the instruction of the committee, pro
i nosed ftrr/rr. uhirli ••..'...I _
78, noe* 38.
A new arrangement of the circuit*
waa proposed t»v the committee—not,
however, without a free consultation
\ with members generally, so that no in
(Convenience might arise to the gentle
men of the bar, practising in different
! courts, or to the people. The follow
iing is the arrangement of the circuit to
which Jefferson is attached, and the
periods of holding the courts, viz:
la tjonilottn l»1 April. Im S<p*. rob<-r,
t 17ih “ I7iS
It rkt-l.-y 2*t|, 2*1 h ••
MiUgMM fall Mae, f*h Oefobrr.
I loupvliiir | lth •• ItiK »«
llseify 21m •• 2| m •*
Slu-nMonli :*|m " ,<| 4 «<
Kndertrk I'.ah Ju*»«, I9vk November
I he bill will probably be ordered to
be engrossed for its third reading to
morrow, and will certainly, I hope, gel
through the house this week. Mr. ;
Morris reported a bill concerning the
general elections of the common wraith,1
winch waa ordered to be printed. The1
alley Mail Road bill is still under!
discussion in the Nenate.
On Thursday, in the II. of |J. about
twenty bills received their first read
ing. and several reports of committees
were agreed to. The iuditimry biU be
mg resumed, the final arrangrment ol
the circuits was made. Mr. Williams j
ol Shenandoah moved to strike out the *
f.fMli section, relative to the forma of ■
pleading, and to insert a substitute.
I his motion was supported by Mr. NV,
at some length, and opposed by Mr I
l.eigh and Mr. Christian. It was final ;
ly trieded. In truth, so great is the
confidence of the house in the legal a- i
bilities of Mr. I,, and so clear and for
cible have been his eipos(||.,na of the
scheme about to be adopted, that all
suggestions from any other source, to I
•Iter or amend, have been received
with great distrust. IJc has been the,
matlrr Workman in building up the ju
Jicial edifice; and if it prove to be a
temple of safete, hia fame will be co
existent with the fabric itself. Never;
has man, in any public body, labored
more unremittingly, or with a greater
degree of patience and devotion. The
bill was ordered to be engrossed for its i
tliiid reading.
On Friday.* bill to regulate aheriflT»’
commissions, so as to prevent them
from charging tiro commissions on the
same debt, was taken up; and after]
several attempts to amend, was laid^
upon the table. The bill to authorize
the construction, by the state, of a rood
from Winchester to the Ohio River,was
considered. A debate of some length
occurred upon its passage, in which it
was supported by Messrs. Jack*on.
Williams and Havisson of Harrison. j
Mason of Krederirk, and McCoy—and j
opposed by Messrs. Venable, Goode, i
and Witcher. It finally passed by a
majority of one—Ayes 5*J, noes 58.— i
l'he sum of £135,000 is appropriated
The judiciary Li//, (comprising f>(i
pages,) having been engrossed in one j
night, by the able and vigilant cleik ot
the house, was taken up for its thud
reading; and the laborious task ot
reading it. was occasionally relieved]
by Mr. Leigh. At half past three, it
was gone through with, and the vote
recorded upon its passage—ayes 78.
noes 18. It is sa*d, a substitute will
be ofleicd in the senate, pioposing the
one judge system ; but it set-m* to me.
that, after the decisive vote of the pop
ular branch, upon the bill, such an at
tempt will be useless, and will only
tend to prucra*t mate the proceeding*.
It is idle to expect the house to iccede
from it* position.
The commissions of the present
judges will expire with the session of
the Assembly ; and the bill provides,
that the new judges, to be designated
by joint resolution of both houses.shall
hold such of the spnng terms as mat
occur, between 15 days after the ad
journoient and thr 15th of June. The
terms of the chancery court* will aUn
be held. So that, if the present bill
become a law, there will be a term of
the Superior Court in Jefferson, at the
usual period in May. It will be per
ceived, however, th'at hereafter the re
gular terms will be in April and bep
To day, (Saturday,) twelve or fif
teen engrossed bills were read the 3d
time, and passed ; and it was son.ewhat
gratifying to find the spirit for debate
considerably cooled down. Very lit
tie discussion took place upon any of
them. A fewr more days of buaintas,
like this, would c tear the table of the
weight under which it has been groan
ing for several weeks. The bill re
organizing the General Court,w a* con
sidered, and some amendments, sug
gested by the committee of Courts of
Justice, agreed to. It was then order
ed to be engrossed for its third reading.
The most important subject considered
during the kitting, was the bill to pro
vide for the opening and repairs of the
publ ic mads of the commonwealth. It
passed bv a vote of 63 to 53. I can
not, from memory,state its provisions;
hut it is certainly an improvement up
on the old system. As a subject of
I .ocal interest, I may mention the pss*
|«'ige tif the bill, amending the act of
I incorporation of theSmithfield,Charles
town, and llarpers-Ferry Turnpike
t ompanv, so that the company arc au
thorized to dispense with summer or
side roads where they deem it expe
dient to do so. and in diflirutt ..I....*
to narrow the road to twenty-four feet.
The whole time of the Senate, for the
last week, having been engrossed with
the consideration of the Staunton and
Potomac Hail Hoad bill, no action ha*
taken place in that bodv upon the bdl
to authorize a subscription to the Har
pers-Ferry turnpike. I hope in mv
nest to be able to announce its final
passage. I he bill concerning the ge
neral elections, is the order ot the .lav
for Monday. In another week, I toav
be able to form some idea of the pro*
hable period of adjournment.
I he Senate has itrirken out the sec
tion in the Staunton Kail Hoad bill,
whuli gave the company the privilege
of continuing the work to Kanawha.
— ■
from thf )'i< hrixfid psptrs.
* VI l' H DA V, MARCH 5.
A message w as received from the
the Senate that they had pasted the
bill directing a surveyor the Black
>V ater River, and a bill to authorise
a lottery to raise a sum of money, to
romplet* the road from Clarksburg to'
l omt Pleasant. And that they had
also passed, with amendments, a bill1
to amend the act concerning slaves/
free negroes and mulatto**—a bill'
authorizing a sum of money to be rais '
ed by lottery to open a read from Lew |
isborg to the ltloe Sulpher Springs in
tireenhr.ee county-and a bdl tora.se
a su.o of money by l„tirfy, !o ifIipri,%r
the communication between the Back
Bav and the Atlantic Ocean.
On motion of Mr. Clallalver, leave
was given to bring m a bill concerning!
toe boundaries of Charlestown, JvflVr !
son county.
On motion of Mr. Maryland, the
bill authorizing the Board of Public
» mka to sutler ibe to tbe stock of the
Peterabmg Rad Rwj Company
taken up. r * i
A debate occurred on this sohjeet *
Ci ,Ch ******** *«vrral boura. io whirl.
Me..r*. Mac far land. Anderson of Rot 1
Mourt, Venable, \V„k,ns Morris,'
Mavon of Frederick, Presto* and.
Hrwilnat rvpi— ted. and \\ i!
turn* of llain»oti, ami Maxwell *.j
posed the bill.
Mr Mason of Frederick, muted i
amend the bill by adding the follow u
//e it further enaeted. That the *uh
sctiptioit hereby authorized -'.til t
I aid by instalments not rutrding >i
thousand dollars per annum.
This ryder was declared t«, !»«•
reptable t»y the friends o( t!,.-1, |% ,fl,j
was, after some discussion, nd«<pr,,t
The f|ue*t»on being taken on u •>
passage of the bill, it was drr<tli-d t
the aflirmatite by the following vote
/ryes 09, noea 55.
On motion of Mr. Gallaher, the rn
grossed bill authorizing the Hoard « i
Public \N inks to subserdn* the autn r !
four tv*-n thousand dollars to the *?« i L
of the Sniithlirld and Hat pert Krrrv
Turnpike Company, was read it third
time and posted.
On motion of Mr. Knox, the bdl
regulating the fees of the clerks of
county and corporation court*, was
• end a -ec cmd time, referred to a com
mittce of the whole, and made the or
der ul the day for Tuesday next.
The bill concerning tlatrt, free ne
grot* aid mulatto**, was returned to
• he House by the ('. of General Law«.
with ihe Senate's amendments.
'I he first amendment of the 8en.v,»
to the latter bill, proposing to *tri»
nut the 4th section, which provide*
that any emanc ipated staves remaining
in the Commonu ealth more than t w el v c
months, cunt rare to law, shall rev rrt to
the executor* or administrator* of
the testator or the emancipator, and be
:i*kfti in their hand*,-— wm negatived
| t*T a vote of 32 to 3'J.
*1 he second amendment add* a
provision that anv white person «lm
for pay or compensation shall a»»emh1<>
with any slaves for purposes ul teu< h
mg them to read or wnte, «r anv j er
son engaging such teacher, shall he
liable to a fine not exceeding R1m> .
which was also negatived bv a vote, i f
32 to *12.
Mr. Zinn movej to postpone the bill
indefinitely. On this motion m ti
conversation took place, when Mr
Zinn withdrew his motion, which w a,
renew.d by Mr. McCue. and nega
f ’ *' *d by a vote of ayes 59, noe* 63.
i ’! he third amendment of the Senate
that the hill shall commence and be m
force fi oin the 1st of June next, instead
of from and alter it* passage, was
agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Knox, the bill rnr
Crruing the appointment of Cleik«<'
C nurts and the term of fheir service,
w as taken up, read a 3d time and pas*
ed, ayes 94. noea 1 I.
I The engrossed bill to authorize tfr
( Ho;.rd of Public \\ orks to subscribe n
the stock of the Herryville Turnpike
Company vs as read a* third time and
! pa*.*ed—a* a!*n the bill to authon/c I
'the Hoard of Public Works to tub
! scribe to the stock of the Middle Tun
juke Company.
j '1 he in der of the day wa* ihen f ak» r.
up. being the till concernin'* Juror a —
Ihe House, in Committee of the W hole
— whin, after vai ious amendments
;Concernirg the pay of the Jurv men.
Mr. Claiborne proposed the follow n ^
He it enacted by the (Jeneral A*
j semblv, that the respective countv
[courts of this Commonwealth *hail
hci eafter have the A A If 11* UAu»r »n«l rs »t
tlioiit? to •unnnon jot or* from dai i •
day, and from time to time, in th.
re»|»ectivf court*, as are now exei ri»r
by the Superior Courts of Law ol th »
Com m on wealth.
flu* act shall rommence and b*
in force, fiom and after the dav i
of next. **
Afl»*r much debate, this stib*fifti'r
was adopted, ayes 53. tmes 40—win.
"»» concurred in by the House. »>«■>
32, noea 41.
r HtOAT, MARCH 1 1.
. ^orih-ii ettem 'Purnjtike.—On n ■
fioi* of Mr. Davisson, the bill to pn
'Hie for the construction of a turnpik
road from \\ ihcbcater to some point
on the Ohio River, was taken up ami
read a third time.
L 1 he bill constitutes the Governor,
inasurer, Attorney General anil Me
rond Auditor, ■ body politic and cm
porate, under the denomination of
I he President anil Directors r*t the
North western Turnpike Road.** It
authorizes them to borrow, at toon as
may be necessary for the purm.es
herein declared, on the credit of i!,e
State, a sum not exceeding
dollars—for the payment ol the mtr
rest artd the redemption of the prior
pal, the nett proceeds and surplus toll,
arising from the road, are pledged
»ut of the money to borrowed, th*
I resident and Directors are to « au«e i .
be constructed, a road from \> inches
ter to Mime point on the Ohio R,*rr. i
selected by the Principal Kr»f .f,re>
who. as soon a, may lw after the p»
-age of this art, is to proreed to f«
•»ut and locate au*hroa,|. The areli?- t
»y of suih road not to exceed 3 d* I
Kr^ce, and the width not |« exceed ) f
lr*t, nor be less than 12 feet— \i. a>- '
and discreet Superintendent ol Of
road IS to be selected—Af soon as .
miles are finished, gates to be put u;.
and tolls taken.] *
A ryder «as proposed by Mr. IGr
7**7ai *® Peas thm «
the Old U|.Miming Valley ,nd .he to** *
-( Komney, m the county of llau-r ,
•hire—which was rejected.
I ht bill passed—ayes V», goes * |

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