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The Bad Lands cow boy. (Little Missouri, Dakota [i.e. N.D.]) 1884-1886, February 28, 1884, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024777/1884-02-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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BAD LANDS COW BOY.
A. T. PACKARD, mbllther.
LITTLE MISSOURI,
DAKOTA.
More than 4,600 bills, mostly of a pri
vate nature have been introduced into
he bouse. Less than 200 have been
on by committees and reported to
"the house. The fate of a vast majority
be easily guessed. They will go to
tihe tomb. unwept, unhonored and un
sung. The shame of so muoh bunoombe
business rests upon representatives and
their gullible constituents.
The terrible floods now devastating
the river volleys below, are attributed
in a great measure to cutting down the
forests adjaoent to the river banks.
There is no difference of opinion on
g-ythis point. Had a reasonable area of
forests been allowed to remain all the
snow of a winter would not have been
melted by afew rainy or sunny dayB
and precipitated into a common reser
voir insufficient to retain it within its
banks.
The value of imports of silk goods in
1883 va».$32,305,236, of which$18,U0,
^227 was during the last half of the year
I?under the new tariff, against $19,811,162
"during the last half of 1882 under the
.. old tariff. This decrease indicates that
this branch of manufacture has not been
seriously impeded by the change of du
ties, though the general condition of
markets and the demands of employes
have caused muoh depression. For t^e
year the decrease in imports compared
with 1882 was $6,328,798J
Stanley's complete success and De
Brazza's correspondingly complete fail
ure on the Congo, should teach the so
called explorers of effete Europe to
keep out of the way of such Americans
.as Henry M. Stanley. The man who
found Livingstone and crossed the
darkest part of the dark Continent is
chock lull of genuine Yankee grit and
push, and the attempt to defeat his
.plans by sending an Italian adventurer
like De Brazza to Africa with a few
French soldiers was absurd from the
beginning.
The discordance among professions!!
mumriana and even ot church choin,
.has become proverbial, but it is evident
that the class ironically styled'
Tho discovery of the skeletons of
^^twenty-three men and a number if
horses in the vicinity of Ellendale, Dak.,
has given rise to a deal of conjecture,
some of it so wild, and all of it so di
verse, that the identify of the remains
cannot yet be: considered as satisfactor
ily settled. An investigation haii how
ever, been ordered by Gen. Terry,
which promises much and is very likely
to result in developing the facts inthe
case. As Bom as the season will admit
Capt. O. E. /Bennett, Seventeenth in
fantry, to whom the matter has been re
ferred^ will go to the place witha party
from FortSisseton, Dak., and make a
careful examination of the remains and
the surrounding^ since it is more than
probable that those-who have witnessed
the spot have overlooked some impor
tant particulars. In themeantime Capt.
Bennett is diligently prosecuting the
in
Testigatidb in other directions. The ap
parent uncertainty in regard to an event
that occurred only twenty years ago
seemtf very strange, but it is only an
other pertinent illustration of the mag
nificent poem, "The Flood of Teari"—
which eloquently portrays the ravages
of time in the burial of men and. things
beyond. the knowledge of succeeding
generations.
The report of the court of inquiry in
jfe (regard to the failure of Garlington's
-xegiona for the
relief of: laeut.Greely says that Gar
lington made an error of judgment in
not waiting longer at Pandora harbor,
,bnt the error was committed in exercise
of difficult and onufraal discretion for
.whioh he should not be held acccnmta
ble. It is also due, Oarlington to say
\that in the general conduct of the ex-
Ipedition prior to the loss at the.
ship he
jdisrplayed zeal,- energy and efficiency in
successfully cocdncting the command
&e!onp, perQous amid labori
retreat in boats to a place of safety.
jAs rega*da Qen. E^zen, the court is of
he opinion tiutt in many particulars,
Wi- md in scm6 of the gravest moments
be faUed in adequate comprehension of
neoaSsities of the case and measured
M&fta Essential to meet them. The
g^mrt spwafles numerous grave errors
P'ariflomiAakmsiahiB action andcomn^sto
Wmtt&f&j cn.&ia tnannwr of conducting
MotSetil. buainMs, btrt oonoludes that
g-whitt, Ihe grate errors and
^nsnttoiwd. either directly led or largely
pOBtributsd tp the ftilnw oft^eexptidi
tion, yet, they were due to lack o{
sound judgment and nnattmded by
neglect, no further prooeedingi
3PronMrHt)0P of the Connbtita of
His Northwestern Dairymen's
Synopsla of AMmotm uUI Ottos Impor
tant IftteiBtttwk fcr fianm.
fenlight-
ened. educators," is frequently subject
to the same unpleasant conditions. In
stances might easily be recalled where
educators are not exenplars of good
manners, or even of common honesty, if
what they say of one another ciuii be
credited. The latest exhibition of the
sort is now passing before the good peo
ple of the capital city of Minnesota,
where the school board is in a state of
demoralization on account of alleged,
cliques, rings, and mutual criminaticas,
involving trickery if not actual dishon
eabfi & 'the man&gementy.(2. the.oom
mon schools. The groaning tax-payers
are disgusted mth the revelation of. BO
much that is reprehensible in the con
duct of some of those in whom they had
confided this important branch of the
public service, and what is going in
St Paul has a .counterpart in many
other parts of tlie country.
Th# Northwestern Daiiymen's Association
met at Mankato, UIqil, on Tuesday evening.
After music by the band Hon. 2C. J. Severence,
Judge of the District Cqurt eloquently
weloomed the delegates in bohalf of Mankato,
extending the hospitality otthe citiaena
welcomed them because they, sought the appli
cation of an inteUigent' Bystem embracing the
observation of many stated, to give anew im
pulse to one department of agriculture the
—at foundation stone that lies' at the Very
a of all American industries and all endur
ing prosperity. When the generous soil of
America, either from a misconception of its
capacities, the true method of its development
or climatio catastrophe, refuses to' respond to
the toil of the husbandmen, every b'urnished
spindle must cease to hum every hammer
must rest cold on its anvil, and the white sails*
of oommerce will mildew, on the Bhore's of
every ocean.
The secretary, B. P. McGlincy made- an ap
propriate reply, giving statistics* showing"-the.
Importance of the danging*busineaa He said
that a man who owns 160 acres in ]IOnnesota
has a competence, and a man who-f*iIs to suc
oeed on this is probably a spoiled lawyer or
clergyman. If you want to sq&eed bold on to
Stionyoung
ur
stock. In order to acquire a.T©pu
vou.must improve -stock- aa horso-men
do. Ir Minnesota fanners Trill feed as liberal,
ly as in Wisconsin and Illinois it will greatly
improve stock. Two thousand car loads of,
bran and Bhorta were shipped from Minm»p^'
lis last year to feed Illinois cattle. DoA.busi
neas as carefully as thinkers and railroad men
do theirs, and: on.as careful, business, princi
ples, and you will speedily reach succes&^.i
President W. D. Hoard- of Fort Atkinson,'
Wis., enUvered his annual address.
The address begins with a reference to-the
growing importance of agriculture and the
wondrous progress made therein oflate.-The
demand of the times is imporativefor larger
brained farmers.. The necessity of, .employing
the mind as'well as the handin aigricultarS
operations was dwelt upon.The speaker then
Baid The season of 18© has proved a.'fairly
prosperous one for dairymen. Through the
extension of the gathered cream srstem.'.'very
many new communities are brought into line
and the milk of thousands of cows rescnedfrom
an ignominious fate. There is a large class of
fanners that view all this with' alarm. -1 They
have been waiting ten years for the dairy bus
iness to fail.. They have been fearfnlaU/ the
time that the business would be ovGidone for-
cow to the present number. -Skillful care
rand
management would no doubt increase the. pro
fitableness of every cow brought under such
an influence. It is about time the honest milk
was rescued "from the Pogram makers
and Bascom vendors at crossroads,
and for. the. profit, of. the
country given a fair showfor whatthereisin
it But there will yet remain ignorance and'
slovenliness enough in the landfor along time
to'give intelligence all the
advantage it deserves.
The only phase ofthe1 diarybtuinessthatis
over-dono, and that continually, is^the making
of poor butter and choesia You have seen for
:the last eighteen
the value of our
dplein this, ge __
only salvation ues in upholding and increasing
the standard of excellence.' Common'farm but-
about the same price.. Skim chccse is the same
'fraud on human. digestion that it ever was~
has the sa'me discouraging effect on consump
tion and depressing-effect on price It points,
the. same old moral that it ever didv -What
God hath joined together let no man ptit asun
der."' The makers of fine goods need have no
.fears of tne future.
psoiductiox Fon 1883.
It is a curious and instructive fact'aa shown
by the last census, that the ratio increase in
cows is considerably less tiian that of popula
tion. This may account in a measure for the
'fact that the demand- for dairy products has
been for a number/of years greater than the
supply. The same fact affords also a good
guarantee of the future stability of business,
providing that bogus compounds are not al
lowed to usurp the place of the.honest product
of the cow.. Left to a natural condition of
things the dairyman need have no fedrs Of the
lack.of a remunerative market'in the future.
He should remember, however, that if he al
lows himself to be dnven from the field, either
thraugh his supineneas, or l^ck of. conformity
to the market demand for excellence, he doos
not deserve any better fata InlSSU thd Stato
of Minnesota contained 275,5^ cowa Herin
»eaeeforthetonyearsjrevious had-bBen at
the rate of l21-10 per cent annually. Meastu^d
by the same rate of increase the state would
have in 18KT 375.567 cowa Al
lowing that the product of each cow was #orth
$35, the groesproducfc would reach tht sum of
$13,144,m5. Iowa oemtained in 1880 854,187
cowa Her annual percentage of increase for
the previous decade had been 131-10 per cent
This ratio would give the State in 18831,180,883
cows, whose earnings at $35 each would "reach
the sum of 941,645,8701 Illinois contained in
1880 *865,913 cowa* The annual percentage of
lneioiuio had beenon3y31-2percent. Applying
this-ratio she would nave in 1883956,8» cowa
whose Average earnings would amount to' $32..
489,155. Wisconsin contained in 1880 478.30
cowa' Her annual -percentage of increase
been 51-3 per cenV which ratio applied for
1883 would gi her 557,810. At $35 each their
earnings' would represent $19,505,850. The
gross earnings'of jail the cows of raese four,
northwestern states for 1883,-reachos the cntor
mous sum of $107.8®,720.'. Bytinsitcanieadi
ly be seeo, gentlemen, that the interest you
represent has reached a that calls
for the yeiy^wisest administration. The time
has come when so.great an interest should re
ceive all the aid that special education cangiva
Father: it should be fostered and protected by
the legislation of these statfta
lOBfisxa
A general survey of the question discl&sos
not on^y much that encourages ns, but also
retr many mistakes. It seems to bo very
difficult task to reach a large proportion of the
milk prodncers of the northwest and got them
to adopt the standard ideas of tiie day in dairy
ing.' They are not dairymen they have: but
Ume real pride in tbe business, and what 'is
worse, th^r will opend neither moneynbrtime
to letes better. Kot one ina hundred^of tiie
patrons of the cheese factories and creameries
of the Northwest ever attend a dairy bwven^
tion: But very few of them read such pai
as devote especial attention jto this subj
They do not seton to care whether
weu or ill at the busihess. The tiien
intelligent
contrasted the methods employed
dairymen and those of the mrfM
A very serious mistake was the ]*dT:Qt coi
operation. After a tribute toOL O. Fairlamb:
wfonsdsr of fiMoth^ai onfa^st6K"
ir
S£fa!*i
abaolate are neoesaifies tor excellent bnttor.
Imprnntles absorbed In private farm dwelling*,
are iojnriqas. The milk shotildbe-oooledTo
sixty degrees in five hoars. Uill( henta qniok
ly Jfa cools, slowly: 13 gals.. milk
cooled from 90 to lose one pint"
One hundred pounds\of oontainB oqe
pound inore Bugirthui butter. Sweet orean.
makes, a good buttSr. hut. does not keep. To
giy® the graining quality a small degree of ac
?ivty, necessary too muoh destroys it Sol
idity is important in and neatness is
one of the best points to be attained. The
speaker recommended the use of Higgin's salt
Could see no advantage in salting in brine.
UB68 a little more than a pound of salt to sev
enteen pounds of butter. He (Curtis) takes
about one hour and a half to churn, work and
pack his butter. Recommended coloring but
ter. In cans set in water milk
must be skimmed sweet and ac
ridity obtained afterward. Flaoes water
around cans to height of wiifr, Ohurns at six
ty-two degreea. He feeds his oows well, salts
stock three times a week fences off bad. water,
vm» cows only such water as hiB would drink
During drouth use com fodder,
.ins, eto.: never .allowing the cows to
lose flesh. Does not try to obtain all there is
in a cow in one year keeps his cows longer
keeps, his cows up to regular quantity, because
When Cows once Blacken up one cannot bring
them back to original quantify.
E. Hoard ox Montevideo, Minn., in a paper
on skim milk, farming, compared .wheal and
duty,farming. Showed the cost of raising
•whei^t in upper Mississippi valley, and stated
that in ins county about 600,000 bushels of
wheat are'raised annually, bringing in Chicago
about $500,000. It costs $150j0Db to send tins
Wheat to market, leavingjabout $100 net pro
ceeds to each farmer.- The speaker felt sure
the Jesuit would be much better if farmers
would turn their attention to dairying instead.
O. P. Dexter of Chicago followed with a paper
on "Organizations, for the Promotion of Special
Objecta-withspecial reference.to organizations
of th&dauy interest.
Vice Preaident P. A. JfcKinstry of Winneba
^o.Cit^ Minn.,^ read a paper entitled "Shortage
mthe Creamery, Gathering System.n
By the term of shortage, as used by creamery
men, we mean that in buying a certain-quality
of cream, which.has been supposed to make a
given quantity of butter, ana it fails to do so,
we say we are short on butter: or, in other
words,.we bought cream enough .to make so
many pounds of butter, according to the stand
ard rules,' and 'it failed' to -make it
•He .. said .the shortage
reported in Iowa for the year 1883 was 4 per
cent on all -the butter' manufactured by the
cream-gathoring creameries nmning on the
gauge,, where I have no.doubt that it was. fiilly
"as much for 1883 in Minnesota^ What is the
remedy for this creamey man?.! know of none
.that'can be adopted anadoal justly with' each
patron except thd test chrtrn plan. He conclu
ded by saying that unless: the ^manufacturing
shortage shall be done away,' cream-buying is
afailure in MinneBota.:
W. B. Straight did not wish the idea to go
abroad that the shrinkage was duo to aifferenoe
in cream instead of the. amount of milk turned'
into cream. Mr. JohnBon of IUinbiB'asked for
instructions huw. to secure uniform
Mr. McSinstry answered: "l"
By having zoilk skimmed daily by Bame per
son and at same hour of day. He oollected
cream for his creamery .eyery second or third
day. Used a preservative, which the gatherer
adds as he procures the cream, whi£ holds
back tho .cream from mature 'acdd% Bipen
ing. cream- thickens as it grows .sour sweet
cream is thin. Butter from small' chnrnings
does not granulate as well or as rapidly as&at
from larger churning*. I open my oreorn jars
and stir cream frequently and leave exposed to
air, for the reason that the cream takes upoxy
gen, which affords a finer flavor to tiie nutter.
Prosident Hoard stated'that:
One of the scorets of "cream. shortage* Was
the effect of the.churn on crcam.,- In. the sea
son of succulent food tiie churn receives its
dim proporfion of ^ratter By feeding roots,:
eusiiage and suoculent food* the churn will do
its work with profit'' Farmfers who allow their
hay to ripen too much and grow wobdy .are de
nying to the churn
the projer returns its should
receive.
Hr!
Hoard dosed with thanks to the press for-its
publications regarding the dairymen.
PrwHeni Houd *ppotatod iho toUrrwinx
mil iii Tit ii if .....
—Jbor-
Batter aud Cheeee—Hiram Smith. Bhebor
tt. Hurt
.low*..
Ws-jH. W. Hurts, Elgin, Ut
Curtis, Ft. .Atkinson,
J. Toaburjr, Btcfamood, DL P. o!
grnman, E. C. Htmting
ton Windom, Mimt E. H. Boee, Jf»nkato.
E«BOhltioM—C. P. Dexter, Chloago.DL (ft W.
•nrompgoivWeUa, Minn. J. OTLombtjA Ohi
w© fe.- ft Jndson, Fonoiagton, Minn.:
GKBescfi, Whitewater, Wis.
W«j*nd lle»n»—A. P. KeKiagby, WtaH»
City,.Minn. Ixvejoy Johason, Stiilman
Orttt,Mill/uni,WiBooasixL',
D»lry *ndF«miTtnptoaonto—A. D. X«L«ncL
Wml Potter,Claire
IILrCk DT-Hohner, Oifatonii*, Mimi
a
Cg** .Ban, WU.' rend a"
BSalvm, twelveyatosgo. ww very ainch
and Jto spedter found himseif ot
t2iattimer
in debt by raiaing wheat^ He be
ennto niae abeep, bat did ntt'nisEe the bw-
OiacmMioaiw ^eSdf^^°WhaMvia'
0"*f»»poke at tha Sifrerenbe between creuii
iapmremmte indappUanee!), utd
heUciUltod jts iiipartority. la aiakttgbBt
lerooebtmblsliesrnthecomwitoftbe makers.
—efl fed aod iiihdly
3 essay 'replete
able But
H. B.
urler. of Do Kalb, then read a
paper on -the -cow, the calf, and 'the pig.
These animals naturally, go together in dairy
ing. Have raised them-fin order4' of their im
portance inthenew parts of the West ln
ulinois would read oow, pigt cal£ The cow,
if properly carod for is the most profitable
ani
•««1 on the. form. Wh««I commenced
my cows would average only 150 pouni
butter annually^ I began to test milk.
learned that the coW which'.produced forty
pounds.of.milk pec day.: produced one poona
of butter per aay, that ihe cow giving 18.
pounds per dayjroduced more batter than the
cow that gave 40 pounds of milk per day. I
sold off unprofitable cows and found had
some that would not. pay for the feed.they
consumed others would pay $60 after
.paying for their feed. Changed from Sum
mer'.' towhiter dairying
increased butter yieldin a few years from 150
to 166 pounds per cow, and the profit above
price of feed was an increase from $15 to $45
per cow, an increase of 900 per cent For the
year ending Jan. 1,1830,1 received $a28 worth
of milk for eveiy dollar's worth of feed ooh
snined by my cowa We have pus patron that
we paid $87,09 per pow last yeuv One patron
rate accdust of feed
kept an acburatearodmit of'feed consumed
—y of fourteen «jws bet month. For
feed, J42 hajr, J2L70. Total cost feed,
worth ¥1.50
a snrpltis afl
Cows produced 7,COO potmda milkj
pr «na,50, leaving
UUO V* flMUV. t«W«UIK
paying feedof $5L80. Have
cnecsea abortion by the use of bone meal fed
to the cowa with their salt Ifeed one-fourth
bone meal, three-fourths salt The: calf is an
ing comparison of my most successful,
feeding with that of my most successful
feedingr''f if r: •'.•
Feb: 22,1881. two grade Durham calves about
five months 'old.
weighed733 pounds :Har6h 1st
they weighed 767 poundfli a gain1 of 8G pounds
hi sevendays i^aiueaeh pef day, 2 l-3pounda
They were red as follows: '-'•'•v.'1
280lbs skim mflkat25o. .. TO
44tlbs corn meal
-,:..,i.,.ff..^v
70 lbs of hay at $10 perton......
.J" Total feed ex]
Cost per pound,
the following:
JnneS, 18t8, 8 pigs
June 21,423 pounds again in thirteen days of
06 potinda Thqr were fed 439pounds'of skim
rmiikand 217 pounds of born. Crediting the
milk. With 61-2 pounds per 100 would make 27
1-5 ponnds increase from 60 pounds of shelled
com.'Figuringthe mOk at25' cents -per 100
^ds.and the: corn at SO cents per bushel
(market'price at time) &s! pork cost 2C27400
^centsperpound.'
In evening is estimated that sixteen
hundred people were in the operahousa ^The
exercises consisted of ah excellent musioal pror
gramme, and^a sprightly. ,wellwritt«L-prfc
fical paper by Mrs. CnrHes cmbodyihg her e%
perience in butter making.. But my wn
perienc© is to furnish, a good warm- stable,
warm their milk,j feed a little bran and flhorts
or oate every diy. and have rack and keep it
filled witiiyour sweetest jmd best hay, keep
weir stables clean, and they .will nave nothing
to do but grow.
With regard te feedingcows^-l consid
er mfited bran and ehorte, corn, pumpkin^and
plenty of good, Bweet hay^ as the best dass of
food, togetherjnth plen^of puTe wateri and
don't let yonr cattle stand around
in the yard,
with their backs bdmped up like a rainbow,
duringsnowstormsandblizzarda
On Thursday .the 14th the first business was
the itfadihg of a Pap^f lV" 9i
Smitii.-ot- Sheboygan FaJls. •, -Wia
He said'Profi E. Stewart, the best autnority on
cattle feeding. ^vse as a standard ration for
rinlchcows, o^^r ^Pnuds dry oxvanic
substance, andthis. ration, should oonsfefof 2
l-3poip^alDumindidfl,'101^-tkiundB^foaK^
bonates and«X-100fatThirty pouodsiofrhay
will- produce the dry s^bstance^ but will bo
deficient in albrfminoldsand fat pounds'of
hay at $10per ton costAl5centB a much bet.
tor ration, -_
hay 5 pounds, bran ^pounds, nUlt sprouts
pounds,: corttinealSpoundSyradoil 2
pmndfl, Wiiicostno more than the hay, and is
Worth more asa feed, 9&S three limes
more for.
mamueslntoa Ifodern dairymen are learn
ing thatcows ooniing inby milk In the All 'or
e»iy winter bring in* much larger revenue
than summer daimng,
The reading bf AiS: paper' wa»
followed by a
a^iiited and vigorous mscussion of the"sub
ject and a rapid fire of qqestions ao4re-
plies.'
The Second psper was'thaf of Oi G*Qrigg ot
Camden,yimL^onfegsubjeot lOnnesotaasa
_.„jirakta
'twas
white^men
St^p^annert eotUft raise He
theerroneousidsi jtbatvoootty^tvttnrf.'Siare
quired for th« proper c^re.ofv stodt inwinter.
There is na necessity ^. far an expeusiye
bnlldlng ^stalrfe with gpod^ rool and sides
will battened on Insiie, #nd well
TOs'is emphaticaDy a grass
ita wad grass grows abunaantiy.
lomsof jho buffalo long berore t&e
Thewriter tiioui
below two dat-
/temperature inal^
the temperature to be 8d
side, the speakerfound
his stable dog tbpVe^': Lighl and ventila*
tio&areimportantrequialtM. Windows should
be on the south and ea^t Ventilators should
be plaoed in.tho roof, scj^oul air may- escapa
Plenty of good water shptlld be within oonven*
xent distance of the barn Anpthpr objection is
sonlh this stateisioolo:
Make the cattle debtors
his is a mistake. Make the cattle debtors ?or
abundant feed and creditors for plenty of good
butter and oheestf furnished in return. Ther
key to success is good feeding A Minnesota
w.nter gives a wonderful appetite pnd a faculty
to convert food into milk
The .committee appointed by Judge Blanch
ard to report an organization ola butter board
of trade, to be located at Mankato, to be enti
tled the Butter Board of Southwestern Minne
sota was announced to be composed as follows
Col. Clark W. Thompson, Faribault county,:
Minn. Z. B. Clark, Chippewa county, Minn.
G. E. Marvin, Olmsted county, Mi*Wi E. 0.
Huntington. Cottonwood, county, Minn. J. 0.
Noe, Blue Earth county, Minn Becesa
-O. R. Beach foUowedfwith apaporonthe
subject "Is Dairying abetter Business for a
Fanner of a New Country Than Grain Bais
ing?" The sneaker began' by contrasting the
farmers of Wisconsin under ihe wheat raising
system with that they now enjoy in the busi
ness of dairying. Tho dairying is a more cer
tain business than grain growing. One objec
tion to grain growing is that profits are nearly,
if not entirely, consumed in shipping and plac
ing it in tho market The labor ill dairying is
light, and extends through the entire year, in
utter contrast to grain growing.
J. G. Lombard of Chicago followed with a
paper on
(lLegislative
Control of Railroads,"
which presented in a forcible manner the rau
road side of the question.
"The Progress of Dairying in Wisconsin*
was the subject of a paner row "by D. W. Cur
tis, ofFort Atkinson/Wis. The state, is pecu
liarly adapted to dairying, abounding in tame
good pasturage, pure springr water
and blessed with a favorable clinuite for
ing butter and cheese in' all seasons'of the
yearl
yet less than a quarter of a century ago tbe
popular verdict wasi that neither good butter
nor ,cheese could be', made in the west
there had been, serious objections made to
quoting Wiabonsurbutter and cheese as, 'West
era," but as Weatern butter and cheese was
now Quoted Ut cent' or -two above tiie regular
market quotations t}ie term "Western" did not
seem objectionable. The old log houses''and
barns have given way to eomfortable farm
houses and commodious barns. Tho farma
are in a high State of' cultiyation. and their
bank account bespeaks prosperity in every
J. A Smith of Cedarsburg, Wia,
on the subject cCheese Proauction
Essential Factors in. Geheral^^Dairj^.^.
r..
}ir. Smith gave facts ahd figures to show that
the making or cheese, showing the industry to
be. as profitable as the of butter..«'
The committee of awards reported- The
$18 prize tobeawarded toO. 0. Gregg. ,Mar
8hall, Minn. The'$15 prize was awarded to
Messrs. Gillis & Finnan, Bingham vLake.. The
griiie of a valnable
Co.. for the besit package of
awarded to D. Holmes. Tliet
shoes,1 offered by Medfcrs. Qnebel 3rp& for the
best package of dairy butter, were given to ,A.
Araold of Mankato. The Hir-,-'~cup
year by "Vyilliam Fowler. of
Hon. H, M. Burchard, JGol. Clark .Thompson
W. D. Hoard of Wia,v Judge WellB, Preston.
Gen. B^er, and .a host of otaera
With a good clovei wid timothy pastute
your oows will make as mdoh butterin October
and November- as they will make in Juno on'
wild grasa Cows relirfi a variety of food: a
change of diet sharpens their appetite' A feed
of roots given to a cow will make herrelishher
^rain'ratianbetter.and'every dairyman
raiae a^good supply of them. Mangel-wurzela
are splendid rood for milch oows andsoalvea
You*n now mpngel-wurzels at a oost of only
one cent for twenty pounds: five oente for lw
pounds $l per ton. Whatother food of equal,
value can be. purchased for five timae thai
amount?
The import of Treasurer Oatnian showed:
The committee on nominations reported:
^^?r£rSS!aen,» -W. D. Hoard for seoreianr:
B. P. KeOiinCTj for treiearer. H. 'Chlrley.
VicePreaidenfe—MinnenotalH. M. Bl&nohird.
Marshall E. a Hantington,- Windofn
Mar*m, Bochester A. r. McKinstry, Winner
tago Cftv, Wisconsin Hon," HjSmith, Shoboy-
Mis: 0. R. Beacfc mitewater Jofii
•WheBep, Sommer & (Olact, Elkhoin low«
—Col. K. H. Xdttler, Davenport Hon. J. 8.
Ssmpson, Stbrm Lake: H. W. Jon&aoD, Oeca.
tooea a A. Huston, Cedar Rapids, IllirioiB
C. C. Brail, Bock Falls: J. Johnson, HHii
map Valley J. J. Whito Anrora E.a 0*1
Dundee, Nebraaka—W. B. Whi'
w.iw ritaiss di^riwiss:. s^Sibi
bard, Fargo E M. Folton^ Hiiroa
The committee on ways and means reooiin^
mend sn appropriation of *500 to publish the
anntial report JJOO to President Hoard, and
•ISO to Secretary McGlincy for labor
25
1
nod with the read-
"""i vu/.anuL,KtV
most decided preference to theHolsteuis or
DntchFresians:
W. B. Cromwell of 8torm Iiake,Iow«. n»d a
BEnjytadh was disenMed at length, on
:?u™lre8 Under ^OreamGatheriig Bratem"
Mr. Anderson, a prominent New York cra£is.'
sun,: stated that hi found tho Storm Lake
bnger good grain, clou and free from im
porities on ffie tner. The fact that, the trier'
«orat out grMQr and not clean on the
shows bntfar to ba overworked. Mic,'
Cromwell tlid not thiak aeoond worMng necee
aaiy on account of bdRennilk,bui to ad^ solid
ity. JButtermilk can bo gotten oat on'first
woritbht Thjuk to" maj0titr of cteameriee
"Bntter.anfl Bntterino" iskhe title of a paper
jeadliy Joseph Lampson of Storm Idike, Krwa..
He said tho imitation of dreamery butter is »o
vfi*7 perfect that eveu experts are pnxzledin
deddingaa to what is batter and what is bit
teriae, When samples are placed before them.'
S®J judgment three thinai ougfyt to bo dons
"s.Witb a .riow or meetiug and!
combating ^not only this,, eril, but
all othera of a kindred natnre.
First—All who are interested in. farming and
ton industries, whether direotly '-^ged in
«e dairy bmiiness or not, ought to oniieA de
manding that s.national law De osacted coTer
mg food of adulteratiotis, sottiewhat similar to
.'aws of Franceand ESgJand on the same
subject
Second—The dairymen of the west most
*9*d on its-merits and under proper nans
tby ^e jretail ^ooera The Msodated daily
itord—The must tpe ^Oj^t wliai
*ood butteristylmving plenty* ofitoffered to
at afrir -wditioffrto
^t^^gork.^g pj&btfq education mnst be done
tt^u^ ^s ^wwspapCTs aod loumals of owe
g^wwing nponthis breodand butterquMk
aid reading of papers on
beforeBa convention,
rieeident Hoard thanked ths ioonveniiaa for
rk
ZiZ,mr,,uif!_xaaaM prwtdcnt. H»
WSPaWlatetf thS'. association
thesplwidid soooesaoflhe conreattiavand aj
aqancM Uie caOTehtion adjoiunad^Le dlei
sses abors
Ibopublfshedtas punphlet, with Ui'th*
PITH OF TBE NE1
fji"
WMhiafftoatdoind^.
{The telegram from London otinoorolng tiiej
i^turo by Bismarok to &)s odintri^ 'of .ihe
resolution passed by oong^ea|klntxreuition-to
Herr Lasker creates a: genuine sensation in
diploB(katio and Offldal drclea
'"Gdt, Hubbard again called at. the interior
department Saturday on behalf of the Mille Lao
Indians, The.
department -has. finally. dealaed
toglvethe ChippewaSj including ,the' Winne
bagobhish, Leech Lake, White Earth and. Mille
Laos, theentire amount due*theih in money.
This amounts to about $85,000, or $8 to each
person, -v
The following postmasters were recency com
missioned: James Carpey,^)eadwoodtDakbta
Wm. M.:€lhandlerjjGrafton,, Dakota 'Barney
C.i Wilson, WAhpewn, Q^otaFfocHird^U-Big
ger, |4sbon, Dakota: Igtea& P. Goodhuefljar
imork Dakota: SVaUamEForsyth jeffekwn,'
WlavCharlea-H. ToUjCUritohj'IowaV Wairham
Parks, Ooonomowee, Wia'
The Sunday Capital, which has been advo
cating the nomination of Gon. Logan for the
presidency*,shifted its sails. in,another direc
tion oh Sunday anq p.ublidied double-leaded
editorial whicn^hia/caQped much comments
This editorial* whioh is written With great1
vigor and directness, points'out Senator John'
Sherman as the most available candidate fpr
the presidency.
T|ie a%raey-^^eral has re^de^d ai^O^ini^n
in regard to the construction of tiie act of
March 8,1883, relative to the readjustment of
postmasters', salariea He holds that. in all
caseB in whioh it appears from the biennial re
adjustment of Bahanes of postmaaters of .the
thud, fodrth or fifth olask,' that' they' received
10 'per cent or more, less than they would have
received in commissions nuder the act of 1854,
they are entitled under the actof March 18o3,
to the difference between what was paid' them
and what they would have received as commis
sions under the act of 1854. Ho also holdsthat
it was not the intention of congress, by the acts
of 1864 and 1866, to dispense with biennial re
adjustmenta -It follows, .that the claimant
Sunder the act of March 8 l883jnUBtf8hosv that
the acts subsequent to'lw4a deprived him of 10
b'er cent or mofe of what he would receive if
those statutes had not been enacted andh
bean coinpenMtedjTOdwthe.rtrt ofl854. ,v
Personal Point*.
Josh BUlings says Artemus Ward left his
mother $60,000 in his will, wheu lie hadn'tr ^0
cents to his nama
The wife of Dk Pairen, state veterlxiarin Jf
Illinois, sues for a divorce and her share of his
fortune jt $4O,OO0*K 3Se^ never bought his
.[ Xn'r^e ^. Fisher, D., who ist a pretty
brunette under twenty-five years of age, has
l»en elected.vioe president pf' the MassachcU
belts Homoepathio medical BOcietyL'^
The will of Wendell Phillips has. been filed
in theprobate court The inventory is yet to
come,:butitis underetood^thatthe estate^will
noi exceed $50,000.1n careful legalphra^e he
bequeaths tiie whole to his wife, Ann Greene
fMlUpa^
wbn'last
ler. of Hewport iEnn.1,
goes tnis.year to J. H. Harris of Elgin, Hi
About six hundred guests attended the el6
gantbanquet tiiat evening. .The tables were
sumptuously loaded, and the guests promptly
and abundantly served.. Toasts were offered in
Archbishop Feehan returned to Chicago-re
cently from his viBit to Pope Leo, arriving by
special train, He was wotcojned at the depot
by. Mayor Harrison and special {representatives
„of SeWhoUoiWdifja indoekjoirteato 'the epls
oO^^ala^W-a^pfociesslon lnmberiiiglOjOOO,
1
On Fnday, the association listened to tiie re?
port of-the secretary^:
Got R. P.
An interesting and
composed of Catholio societies in regalia, Irish
military and numerous banda
Boston Traveller: The $20,0C0 left by Mra
Eddy to Mra Luoy Stone and Miss Susan
Anthony—$30,000vto each—was not left in
mist'for the suffxilge bause. as has been erro
neously stated, bnt left absolutely to' each.
Knowing the characters of the women to whom
die left It, Mra Eddy instructed her will to be
drawn giving eaoh absolute control and pos^
'Bession.-
icy/.
on the
subject of fTeeaing for- 'Profit' in Sunnesbta,"
wasthen readbyH. C. Howard of Lake ,Crya
tal He Baid: "Plehty.of grass is the fouhchU
tion of^ successful dairying?' is a motto which
should remember and con-
Ly bear in mind. 1
have hot seen any bet
tersoil raising grass'than is to be found
in Southern Minnesota and Kdrti^n
Iowa No., other., part of the
country can raise grass ana hay with as little
expense as this section. .While our wildgrass^
es, make good, swoet butter, (and very good
hay if cut. early,), they are not the best for
dairy purposes, owing to the: fact that
they begin to dryupaoout thelst of August
and after, that tune they area poor milk-pro
ducing food compared^ with blue grass,
thyand doyer. We.can giow these tame grass
es to perfection hert. and dairymen should
turn under their praine sod pasture and get
tame: grasses growing1 at the earliest possible
moment to insure greater profita
Elisha Y. Ashton, fifty years ago the chief
dry goods merchant in Boston, died reoentiy in
Europe, where he livod twenty-five or thirty
yeara --1"
In tnut
Herald, on Washington street:
expended for coaland wopd for poor
of American parentage^ and all the rest- of the
estate is,' £fter the'decease ofthe widow, to be
divided among tiie various Protestant charita
ble institutions uid societies of the city. The
entire estate is about $000^00
fc
licyd of ciiiwiitiw.
The commissions tores of ot 8. Wilson ft
Co., New York, was,damaged: by fir^ $25,000:
pax^aUy insured.:
^J L. Bethune, manager of Blind Tom, was
killed at Wilmington/ Del, in attempting to
board a moving train:.
John Morrison, an old settler was killed at
Monmouth, Man., by.a tree falling on btm. He
came from Prince Edward" Island, 'where' his
parents and family lira
quantity of gunpowder in the top of Hobbs^
Osborn & Hobbs!. wholesale "hardware' storc^
London, Ont, explodel, blowing off tho uppef
portion of the building, lolling Donald Smith
and Percy
andmo'rtally injuring Fra
A'snow slidenear the On^rio mine, Park
City, Utah, destroyed the honso of ..William
Bidi, killing his three children and wounding
his wifa The elide struck the house of- John
Harris, killing his wife and'wounding hinv
The houses of Mra Drew and It Johnson were
struck by another slide?
J*
ir**
V:}-.
foreign
British Columbia has a Jaw. preVentihg Chi
Bese ac^uiring goviinn^nt lana. I
The' Elfish -offlber who insulted the ltalian
Jlag at Cairo has been-sent back undor arrest
from Sue^ whcre he went with his regiment
The new prppowl of the French government
fn regard to American bacon provides-for-its
inspection at-porte of entry at the expense of
the government,' the expense to bo covered by
charge of 26 centimes per box. ,•
also that
creamery and dairjmen make special efforts to
buy and read the repori- The price of the
forthcoming report was fixed at 3U oents per
copy, orfonr fortl.
i: H. Baker tlionriit Durham 'snp.
plied' all tne. qualifications nodded in stock,
porta of .English stock men, confirm this
ernoon session op
'Ther
$130
-10 cents, to compare with
weighed 837 pounds:
A number of British authors have formed a
company to obtaifi a copyright convention with
America. Carding Manning^ Walter Besant,"
l"^"-*were
T^(x»mmabdiwt
of tiie fearrison is
»s««afssMg:
military council has d«ddM1o disband the
£«yptlan army. 71
MissallMisons Vswa ».
There are 000,000 savings bank*' depositors
In New York.
Baniom hasbUQt a hall 315 feet long and T1
feet wide and givon it to Bridgeport Conn, li
acoommodates 6,000 pooplo.
^ambenih^blea? •dUcharged'fi
the forbmans&fp of two railroad' shops at
|Ais because he marriod a uegro woman. r.
England bas addressed a note to the French'
CDveiuiuent .relative to British losses through'
the bombardment of ports in Madagascar/
At the Kethodiit mlntsters' meetiiig at Cleve
land, Ohio, 400 oemveniona wero reported Ss
the nralt of arevjvjaitf prpgrSis thdp lrati
short timtl
OOT. Bobls of Ibine has nominated Bon. T.:
Ja Putnam, of PortlandandHou. EnochFisher
pf Bethel, justices of tbs supreme court to fill!
vacancies caused by the retirement of. Judges
Bymgiris sadB»nxwa\,
,Arrf»t^ taxf. TsarfU
J. B.' Ball wits ar^oit«d
J^th,, chargedwith beingonoof thomurdertrs
of Cbaries ycMahqa^- wealtb^' farmer living
Ave miles from Ktmni Pulaslti, I1L and his two
farm bands, BobertMathesr and John Carioch,'
in August, 1882t
.t Tbs mrader mi* a'part(«a
|ariy atrndmi^one nd created intense «dt»
laent at -Oieu ttm&ithe len^.'eonntry Cbeiflg
highest plteh. Bewanls were
andrelaliviis
ieet hobbled, mouths gagged and badly deoom
{•jae^'indioatingthatrheybad^isn coad twp'
or .three dan. The crime waa:erid«ntly^'ttmii
mltt^d for robbory, it being beBtvsd that! Hoi
Mahon Had a large sum of money inAls hous^t{
PinkettoH's deteotiver, havs been at work, on
the caSe some time. Twoor thra*
'kolM^rilFiafm bo-arrested.
drawn, a^oi&t^'VaU^hinds^ubl^/In .Hhis
position w& wis r6oBed,upandf,marohed'rofT
but knowing full tiie penalty Jie would" soon
fpay, he begg&d^pit^ously'witii Ms captors for
m^^romisiLg u£leaj^a bff^rli^ln fu^ire,
spite rom^the fnevitable a&S^^hii^ms^Wte
he felt he was fast approoching. The appeals
were made to deaf eara He was taken,. aWaj,
oner's jury:
4
State of Kebraska, -Bwwro county. sa At
aniuquisition holden at Bassett, ixi Brown
county, on Feb. 7, A. D.:,M8SI, before J. H,,
Safford, coroner of said oounty. upon the body,
of ••Kid" Wade lying. dead, Ow thto jurors
whcSeziamQa ara"hith ertb subsqfibod, the: baid
jurora' npon their oatlLB» that upon the night
ofFebu lt^^d'^Wftde was hung vntil.
.dead hy^ parties unknown?
General SfeemifUi Vhuks the President.
The president reoeived the following letter
from Gen. Sherman. •-o
St Louis, Feb. 9.—To His ExceUency, Chee*
teVA^ Arthur, President Of-the. Unitisd States,
i—,
.Dewrfiirl Permit me,.witii a'soldier^s frank
compLtiient b^toT^ in general wders yester
day, which are reported in the journaia ^o
me it wu a surprise, and a most agreeable one.
I had supposed the actual date ot my retire*
meht.^oi?idiforin a
short paragraph in the oom-,
mori'.seriesbfspediftlbrders of thewaV depart-
inent: but as the honoted executive of our
oounvy has made it an.occasion for his own
hand to pay a tribute of respect, and affection
to an officer passing from the active stage of
lifeTto one bf ease and riest, I'can on}y say that
I feel highly honored and congratulate myself
in thus rounding out my record of service' in'a
manner most
friends. *|{otrOnly
ithisi jl
when theyorders of
Jhad not been granted
provided, .however, that the previsions of this
act shay not be applicable m'any entries -of
filings madesubsequon^toJan. 1.
izing the government to deed these lands, bade
to the general government/ a&d- select .other
lands in lieu,
Dakota Judgeship SettledA^
The president on Tuesday, the 19th nomin
ated O. S. Palmer to bo justice of the supreme
court of Dakota, Fourth district, to fill the vat
cancy caused,by.the deaths of^'in^gevlKi(lcler.
O. a Palmer iSya nativ^ bt Terinont, t\an^'^is
said to bo prdtege ot Edmunds of tliit- stateC
He is a personal friend of George W*
Hooker, sergeantat-arms oftiie ladt house Oof
representatives.- He is about thirty-five years
old and is said to be lawyer of firist^class lei
pal attainments, sound-judgment and cohservat
five in character.' Abo^ut two yeikfs ago^ on
recommendation of Senator Edmunds.'he wai
pomtedassia^^ district/a^rney, to assist
iiiiHugh J. Cainpbelfin :the territory. He
has been^ie'cattse
of considerable immigration
to Dakota through his recommendat&na te
Eastern frienda He is very popular where^
ever known. Judge Campbell waslasked what
he thought ofthe appoinnhent/ahd he replied:
The appointment is a good ono, I have known
Mr. Palmer for along time, and know of my
own Ifnowle'dgiethithe isj^pable and,6bnserv
ative enough.ttf boar in A D®6ming^manner the
duties of ms new position. HUlr
is suoh as will fit him
tion. I am thoroughly satufied/tadMr, Palm^
er has my heartiest congratulatfona
•'"\*ni)ttisi' Dakota Ssiknltcr
Poatofilfe InspjKtor D. B. Cnl^0r! #as jn
Uitchell for several days quietly investigating
the UitcheU postofilce, and fee liith facte were
unearthed which showed tlie portmaster, S. W.
Bathbon, to be a defaulter in tbo sum ot sbont
ik&Sir ^anCoii: rS
ogimnndafioa jf ^ondsmwi, TC. C.:/Me%af, D.
pres-'
Comina (^*t^HerajaffM«it^^^
ent Is Ihu^^eoided to hold publio meeting'
A sudden increase ofactivity is manifested^
1if the. ^rei^ miliiisti^ of marinaf IVlce Adi
j^ral, Jaures, commander of the French fleel
to the Mefflterianean,- has-bfla^
Paris for consnltation, a^ two more ironclads'
we been sebt to^reinforce his 0^et
^ojfjparUainenVof (Si
•hades of politics, have signed a metnorial to
Gladstone asking that the purchmx&ntt> of
tiie land act be amendod 4K as to authorise tho
government tp advance'^the whdle of tiie pur^
chase money-totebants, ^d'«xtendthe period
or ii pa to on 1
toidon tJable Dispatches received-: from'
^Jf^'^^toteU^e^tl^theMbehrije
yckar with Krupp^ns.captured
during tte encounter jwith-. Bfl^^ EashaV
forces.
1
A^Mia«ier^Geoi*oA'
Jbmbai ail dl^Wi Hag
erthe^Assistant.Postmaster Gale KathbunTa
cousin of thepostaiaster, was putin charge ci
the office The deposed- postmasterluisujused'
property enemghin tho hands ofthebonSsmeii
to pfobabllitiee.-are-that
SaHion,w^ ubt be proseddtad crimihally.
Kathbunisat pre«intproprietor,'of thejiarioV
(Iowa) Begister, aiidhtsbeen a mau of easy
means. His family have nerd- llired wUK him
he tried to"sbslce bit off ehe ESig da Tiim
the "Old Man of the 80a.** KathBuu has gone
home to Iowa, whi1- it
torarslnvesa
ex^oeqre.cre
Strait on Zndsmnity Xaada.
Washington Special. Ua). Strait directed
the attention of the commissioner of the gener
al land office to a matter of voty great impor^
lance to eeltlers on land lying within tho limits
of railroad indemnity lands. TJilder the pres.'
jo* practice aU tho railroad oompany has to do'
In selecting indempiiy lands is fo file at tb«-
land it.has lost in Ilea of whlohitssks to'mske
mother ssImUou. Mr. Strut thinks that thle
mors than it omaUbn indemnify for,and onghf
•we
.aisauurek Ttrsns Zissksr.i
BMin telegram,' The Uberal press ego.
damns the aetion.of Bismarck in retnnibur to
the house of representatives of the United
States the resolution of oondolenoe In Hen
Z«sk«r|sdMtl. Thp^jfiousl JSeituugsays thi
actifai of Bislnarck tea violation of the rights
of as relohstai -TheBeriin trsdesmsn'a so.
ototy, ofwhicrtasJterwss a member, held
andGennsn Ssa draped in. mot
sudlaaksr ilvsdonly t»SS peTpuT
mm
--,^-. -.T---r^oemQnt of tii9 weeks bushiest
to
A
Xtftiobinrof"XidWade.» ..
•fheLonePine (Neb.) Journal gives the-Jto^
lowing partionlars of how the Vigilantes used
"Kid Wade," the noted road agent and hor&e
thief: VOn leaving Xone Pine the. prisoner
was taken to Morris bridge, fifteen miles north
.east andMrned over'.to.tiie.sheriff olv,Holt:
oounty, 'Ed. Herschiser. .who was in waiting
thei. and who, employWgtwomen to acoom-.
pany him. started for^
O'Neill,1 arriving safety
at Brssett^ early in the eviening, putting up vat
Martin's hoteL Kid preferred^ lying on tho
floor on a blanket to going to bed, and was -so
disposed in the same room where "the. sheriff
iai
WA
..
Sow Swamp GnAt Bill v'
The houBe com mi
tteo on -publio lands Jba^ne
had under consideration Mr. Strait's bill tor.
the relief, of oertain settiers on swamp lands in'
Minnesota. T'her-billprovidesthptrr
In the'adiustin^bt bf the .grant bf swamp
lands to minnesetaL rfnder tiie act -to enable
splacod/efor|thd senate
brforca intrc«)jBed by Mr. McaiUan,? to provide
formoetfBtibQ of a public Eailding atWinonai1'
It appropriates for this ptuftse^$iOO,OQO and
•^0,000, or so much thereof M^n^ttwary, for
the purchase of^ site,
The resolutions of the St -PAi chimber of
?comm§rce and Minneapdliaboardoftjadeop
poaingtiieforfeiturepf KQrthorn^a^Uto^lapd'
grahts were presented by Mr. MoM2H$n Bflls^
t^»lhtroau&d HdinXttifig Dakota "dfavi'titate
and providing f^r carrying on .jrivor an^ lhar
bor Improvements by contract' Bttl^ passed
authorising the sale of timber oU'Cortain lipids
ceeerved.forthe ifenomonoo |iidianfl in/Wis-
cousin, and providing agricultural lands
.for
the Southerq U^es in lieu of lands hitherto
Vided. The debate on national bank
circula-\W\lifepro-^,
lation w*4 resumed.
.-'William H. Dickson was conflrmod asrVnited
States attorney for Utah* *.
Nominations—Emanuel J. Bwanstrom,Minne
sota, reoelver ofpub"Uo.moneysafr Diiluth
Zaohary. Benton^JContana. i-ecei ver of publio
•moneys atHelena ^William B. Wheaton, Cali
fornia, register of the land office, San Francis
co
Several" resolutions were, ^presented in the
house by Mr,. Washburn Of Minnesota, from the.
chamber of commerce of jSt...Paul,ivjcequestiug ,v%„~
the Minnesota senators and- representatives rto
endeavor to secure the ratification of the tteaty
the-Sioux
n.1 JC.wi
or timber eultureacts
States, then the State of Minne­
sota, .upon a^prQper. relinquishment. ot4he
lands^so entered'orfilod or sltambelentitied,
i^ds
in.lieu thorepf frpm anyrpublic laadB jd^t min
eral within said state not othefwise 'appropriar.
ted at therate of Belectiqn. to whiph it shall rei
oeive titie the same as thoughbriginaUy
ed, and any such entries or filings thus
from conflict may be perfected into complete
titlea as if such lands
Mr, Til a 1
and
sore that
donpar-
adeto regiments^and garrisonso the tTmted
States B^atfy a^young hero wQl tighteilhis~belt
and resolve anew to be lrave and true to the
which we of our day .have caK
ried ihrough one"ep6ch'of danger, but which
mayyetbe subjected to other trialnwhich will
demand'similar sacrifices,, eq^ial.fidelity and
oourage and a large measure of intelligence.
Again thanking yfirfor so marked ^a^xomplt*
montahdrecipro^tingkind.wj^hesfQr'the fu
ture, X'amVwith profdund respect: yoftr• friend
and servant^ W. T.\^EB^^, QeneraL
i'
with the Siotix Indians for openings the -bioux
reservation for-Bettl^meht and against revolang
or impairing the grant of lands to theNorthern
Tacific railroad company.
Mr. Nelson introduce^, bills for the reller of
Chafles B. Molen and Anna Wi 'Osborhq.
A bill was mtroduced by-Mr.'-Washburn to
day for the reliof, of-citfzens engaged in, the
and resolutions wero introduced amend
jalnkmg fund aott I'o^ulatiug the tariff
of .railroads, aided by government bonds pro
vidi&g for the payment of c6&ta of surveying
granted the Northern Pacific Calling^ on
lands
WMf
the secretary of the interior for information
to wheil the line of the Northern Pacific was
finally located, and whether tho company .'
claims land on whlch homestead or pro-emp
tion ontnes had been ^-within-the limit of tho
grant priorto defining the location of the road
appropriating •p00,00u^ortJiQ relief'of iower
Mississippi flood sufferers and to distribute v
soedfl among tiiem.- Bills pasBorl relievina:
.1..
hi.r-%•
1
Iam a__
In executive sessions John Cobum ol^Indi-
.. *"y"'1
The-Benubli
publishers
cars 'filbustered on/a motion siispen
rules and-adopt a resolution .fixing a day fort'
the consideration of the bill pensioning veterans
of the Mexican war. Motwus-to adjourn wero
voted dowa A call of tho house wad* ordered
After .the. reporting, of bills from various
oommittees, tho finahciaj debate was resumed,
and continued ubtil adjournment
wrrustjHMura.'
at Nantes Hi"
B. Trifete,T)istriCt oT CoJ
consulat Mozambique
jtj
Thore was no sossion of the: house Tuesday.
Thblegislativeseasionof the previous 'day did'
not adjourn until nearly, morning, and the
stembers. werg too. much exliaustedforspiother
session, llie Bcenes and incidents of the .past
night wero too much for. thom, and members
zepalred to their Tosidences for tho rest of tho
da, No committee meetings wero held -The
sooue of the mght took place about two o'clock,.
Hi icock, Beed Morrison and Tuckor taking the
.. The followihg' rctkilution vwas «greed^t«in
thOs&atc a
Besolved^ Thatthe secretaTy of -the interior
inform the Benate when and ho^ manv acres
of indemnity lands were certified or patented
.to railroad corporations-:in Iowa,- to whom
grants.-of public latds .werov donated also''
whether any such roaub arenow claiming moro' '2
in W a a a a a
On motion of Mr. Allison. thQ senate passed
the bill fixmg tho timo for holding terms of cir- N
ouit court and district. oourts :of the United
States Northern district of Iowa':i It: fixeB tho'
time for terms as ^follows:At Dubuque first
Tuesday in-April and third Tuesdayjn^Novegn^
be expended for edqca|ngrIndians was 'adopu
ed in we house.
In tho nehato a billroported by Mr. McMillan,
from the: committee on oommerce was passed,
vine the scoret^ry. of war /authority to compel
alteration of nu)road^&other^^bridges scan-1
rnnif navigable w^teA of the Umted States,
which maj be obsfcru»tioi}s to
.navigation.
A bill Was Introduced to Enlarge and strength
en tho Sny levee qu.the Mississippi men.^The
.bill for punishing- persons.for falsely person
ating United States officers or employes passoOL
'A joint rosolutionrwas adopted- appropriating
110,000 for tho contingent fund of the senate1o
lefray. expenses.- incurred in investigationa
The national bai^ bp waa again dcbated Ad
journed.
Dunpg .the session the^peaJcer. laid before 1
ie house, the follpwingmessago from thepre&r.
Jei-t: To the (Hoit^ crt Iteprfcsentctive&^I::
itraj emit herewith the xeportiot the 'iiecreta^y
oft tato of the 21st in6t-, whoreby-your honor
.*nd yra.t^ pjople of tho
United States may.bec«n^appiised.'of the gen
•erous contnbution made by ner Britaihie mai
eatr's govamment towards efforts for. the: ro^
lief of.Uent Groely's Arctio exploring party.
by. presenting to the Cnitod Staies tho XrcBo
steamship Alert OaEsnm A. Abthue ".
Whon the reading of the m&ssago was finished.
Mr- BanMl .iaUedfor,t(ie. readiiife pf the report
tajp.111. Tb° offer was so generous, coming
.Ur.:Bandsll asked unanimonA consaiit thAt
tho ogramunication bo sprbsd -upon the Journai
of the honse. He fnrUier asked thatthe com
municatj(in.be rpferxod to tho. oinmdttae.oQ
fortiignaffaire with Jhb obioctof havitiizam6re
foYmUwdirofiropriaforecogktloiidf^eiot
of jhoBriUsh giivemm^nt fApplauso.]
"lobieut!" excLvno.1 Hr.l'inuerty.
ftqdall-t&eii put his reqdqit tuthe ionri
Ofamohon, and itvrasagreea toiMoaars.Hu-'
Jfirty and Bobinson (N £.} alone-voting in tijs
ne^.t»v&v
srty declared that the tfoitod States should
oftltat sari tlf vre ha'^o no ships of our oira,
,we h»« money .cnongtf Jofbny them, and3tS
British flags hall not floAt oyor Alnoricausea
men. Tiie members of oonkross who voto for
i^cepting the offer tvill sign their political
WBi««k end the -party,«hat fivortit
will insult^htflrish-Amerioan" voteri who wilt
resent it at the nex( etodttonV1
The commlttoo on foreign affairs will rep6rt
09 the subject early neit week, and when it
oomes up ui thr
b® heard ft*™''
The mlliL
Wile passed the house:
3
JjteWATODDt-Vfheaii Na' a,' Sto bid ia,
Corn—Na S,
Oats-Na
Om0iaar-Wheat No,'JJsprini
to '"wiiiy idea-
I I«n«reqnlMdto flloalfif of tlie
foa—S8o.
taT
Pork-^lzSf^l7.%.y
acre Wllni
list of Uie lands it has
lost, as veil ss a list *ol
tto lands it asks to be withdrawn. The oom-i
misiipner admitlod thatthe rulings ot tke div
h. a 1™ ratbet liberal ahd'brnmlsM
have aiteuttoa-:-^'TT^
•^^WgWo, Nai rogulir, [email protected]
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