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24. ,\ %P LANDS COW,,BOY, BTA.T.PACKARD. ,V "Si 1 •. TBS Cow BOY is not jrabUghtd. far fan, bat for ^-•r_.T*&>o $8|Mryea& vy-^ Advertising Rates made kiOTrabriappUcattbri. standing Adverttneme&ta payable quarterly. .. Transient Advertisement* and all Job work, mon eyln eight. rAddreaaaUcoramanlcaUonato* A D. CARPENTER, ''"4 vte*' it MSf NATIONAL BANK 4 OF MANDAN, DAKOTA. $G'. £^f •••. Paid-up Capital,- k^W00 iw.v' iilNi1 Surplus, $15#». -J'I, :^r'vV .. MA ^rr.',y^KOT A'-ifV: ,u HE AD ANDS COW OY, KDOIU, AKOTA. DB Entered at the poBt*offlce at M&dora, Dak as eec* ond olaas mail matter.:. "?T ATTORNEY, ,,, DI0KIN80N, DAK. OOYLE, M. D. V- ^». PHYSICIAN and \A*,( (LateA A.Surgeon,U.8A)SURGEON^ OELFIELO, ^1 i" BENJAMIN, I|^ MANDA^IJIKSTA^ ®5}ii£ Repairing of all WndffprompUjr exocaUds Ortero Irom oat of town recelw m* paiaonal anil carelnl atUntioii. .,. .. 11. R. LTOH. Prwtj n. VAHVLKI,Jr„ fcaihUr, Vl\V "•"•u LAKa.ViM.IIealdant, lr£ 1 SPW TVi ,. JSty IntOHUt paid on Time T)epo«lt» v'CJeneral Banking and OxchanK* noalnesa don#. ^t?l MoKBNZrB & O'BBIEII. rtTT(N1 IWT1IIT1T A A III 1 IWUiVlTl'lllfcll1 vvi^^sa: 'llilt AND— .^AIY^E 8® vjT V^jSjjffiBSS oak: Wort done neatly apil prompUy. KLINE, RCR FRP ES|TCDAL AUC^XTLQM* OrJeffl bT tuoU k-'Tattlo 8i Howe, E A I E S Live .'-Stock. 4' make a specialty of farnisUlng cattle tor wostera rauches.^,!/ •••.. ^•.•-•.• „•-. •. .?. ... SferA'Corresponaoneo solicited.i & 1 ^£f D. FLYlNN Mannfactnrer and doalor in W'^m MAIN BTREKT, MASDAN'. AK. 9-, H. TO.USIX, Wholesale and Retail And'0oaunissio&'%4' Orders filled (or ear loiuU or small lote All kinds ot pnlinbonglit andsolil.^ $$£i NORTHERN PACIFIC HOTEL 11 OF FARGO,QAK0TA1 ROP. JI' ARCH. BOYD, NEW HOTEL! NEW PROPRIETOR! NEW FURNITURE! NEW ROOMS 1 The Northern Pacific Is brand-new throughout and. the very best accommodations axe furnished. Atrial is sure to pleasa In connection it\ the hotel la & bar, provided ^with Bia very best quality of wines, liquors and cigars. Give us a call and we -guarantee perfect satisfaction. •feXlV. ••••. NEW COODS! ilc- NEW PRICES!! To the People of Jitedorcu, Little Missouri and sur rounding Country: 2.—We are now running seven stores.^' 8.—We buy for cash and sell for cash. 5 ~rU*AlT3t 131— £-!3KIMC A CAROG TOBACCO .•• •.' .-.."• '.i- ...^ -And Smtlei»VArtlc!e3i.-V:^-,-'''..'t'i^ iii We have opened a branch store at Hedora and shall be pleased to see ont old friends as.well *a now ones, to show them a full and com-' plete stock of gobds, eonslBting of Mens, and Boys' Clothing,' Oircrshlrts, Underwear, Hata and, Cpps, Boots and Shoes to St anybody, Blankets, Comforters, Chapps, Hat-Bindp, SHekere, Tarpanllns, and in fact eyrythinff that can be fonnd lma Clothing, Boot and. Shoe House. v/gSU*' -I'-V i(:SF: CLEAR LAKE'" TOWA, imte ®Si -Bpoj JjCjASfW1 Tr Vt DAKOTA, «MEDOHA HOTEL! 4 HAW BT^rrbglTK COW BOT OFrlCJ. 4 .MB8XCLAE0 ACCOitMOOATIONS, VrriA-ftiaus SiS^ GIVE ME AC ALL. Isbs»: 1 Wedpji'tproposeto forne here for a few days. We i'„ are here to stay. We.dont intend to ran any competitors down far from It. But we mean to and will, undersell them. Wliy we ean do it is very plain to anyone for the following reasons ., li-rWe make onr own goods at oar own factory, 031 Broadway, XcwTork. 4.—We havea buyer livingIn-New York, N 8—Wc are able to sell yon any goods in onr line at astern pflceq.v' Call and.examine ^oods and. prices, tlien ezamlne those uf our competitors and buy, v,hero yon can buy the cheapest Reductions made on eniiie outftts. All or ders liy mall promptly filled. THOKAS W. «®C!WBwim GOSNOUI Manager. fcisdifr FIRE, LIGHTNIMG, T0HHA&9, HAIL! Paid-up Capital, $100,00011 W. WiLvitt, rrMidtnt, A. D. uixuit, See Prealdeat, D. J.. K«Tt Treai»ar«r, ft. A. Lowxu* Secretary A.T.PACKA&D,Agcst, Hedora,Dakota. GOOD AGENTS WANTED i. V%} H. F, FOUNTAIN, General Merchandise & Ranch Goods. HEADQUARTERS FOR STOCKMEN. MINGUSVILLE, MONTANA. Gollins Chej'enne Saddles at Cheyenne Prices with Two Dol- r—r—-lars for Freight Added. Saddlery E*tra of Every Description, California Bits, Spnra and Hat-bands, I bay my groceries auf provisions in car lots, do bnsintes in my own building, ANfi DEFf COMPETITION. A S & a a a sty "J* Jr, *Ji t* l" 4-'*^ v'dcfttobAiS Wee lists furnished' ott'application. Our goods can be fonnd at all the leading stores throughout the £#i Cattle Country. I^Glen'dive, Montan^ w&ki'' On orahout Augnst JO. wlll remove to our new butldlng in Ulles City. We kope In pttr n®W 4U»Het^te greet allottrold and many new frlend^K 1 JS.\ MEDORA. DAKOTA. JULY WINDOW GLASS, LAMPS, ETC. Also a Complete fetock of WALL PAPER, BLANK BOOKS, SCHOOL BOOKS, STATIONERY, ETC. =t» Kail Orders Promptly Unaided to. Mandan, Dakota. EDICK BROS., 1 -Uanufacturoni and Jobbers in Cigars CA^VASS COTS, K. W, 1 California (Moves, Blankets and Bobe% •, ,11'„ Oennlne Stetsott Hats, all Sizes,'' j5 igo^s*s..V Clothing and Oenfs Furnishing Ooods, itf Boota^ Shoe®, Slickers, Tarpaulins, Quirts, fto, Asa, kc. vUs' boo?- Branch of the Cheyenne Sadifyety HonBe, are now open and ready for barf^ Iness, with a fall and 'complete line of Saddles, ChapareJoe,'Reatas, '*'en'8, W^on'Oovers, Slickers, Quirts, &c. fte. te x6, 1885. imer layior. 7? ........ ,»-i Dealers in DRUCS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS )AJO)( v., Tobacco --A fall Una of all kinds of— SMOKERS' ARTICLES. 64 Main Street. BISMARCK. DAK. DUNCAN 11 1 5 & HJLLES, PARLOR SUITS, CHAMBER' SUITS, CHEAP BEDS,'?*::::::: V. ,-I MATTRESSES, HOySE FURNISHING GOODS. ::::BOTTpM PRICES:::: Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. HAGER BLOCK, MANDAN. Studeoaker "^?4^ FARM AND FREIGHT WAGONS, .. ,'r ~:"r•" PLATFORM SPRING WAGONS, Ul 1 &> BUCKBOARDS. A. T.PACKARD, AGENT. MEDORA, DAK. HARDWARE *-v. KteSR'v®! Y—AND— i^*'r I S ^TINWARE, J&rr,i e. T. D.Garver 1 nl Medora Dakota. All kinds of tin and sheet-Iron articles ngBde and repaired Spacial agent Armstrong telegraphed Tuesday from Fort Reno, that there was no danger of trouble arising at the Arap ahoe and Cheyenne agencies. There are 96,598,486 aeres of land in Dakota, 55.297,180. of which are unsur veyed. hi total area, Montana comes next with 92,016,640 acres, then come New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado and Wyoming in the order named, the latter having a total area of 62,845,120 acres. There have been 42,667 timber-culture entries in Dakota, including 8,210,304 acres. Nebraska comesnoit with 25,031 entries and an acreage of 3,533,479. As this calls for the raising and growth of iabout 515,418 acres of trees in Dakota, future generation may :welh-thank the foresight of our. governmentta making the timber-eulture law although its pro visions aregreatlyabaseA. MW1..UI i.% k* 3j The Pall Mkll Gu'etie^'of LondSn,*)lM been exposing the vices of the nobility in such away that it is seriously arous ing public opinion. It has long beon an open secret in England that the common people have no Hghts that the nobility. coiftlder themselves, bound to respect The Gaswtte is the'first champion the people have ever had that has done them any good. It is doing a good work and has the support of the large mass of the English people. Rev. Spurgeon, as well as many other ministers, are giving enthusiastic sanction to the Gazette. In the course of time, a vast amount of land in Dakota whieh now is unpro ductive, can be made as valuable as any, with artesian wells. Especially between Medora and the Black Hills there is a large extent of eouotry that is valueless for agriculture and only moderately 'val uable for stoek, owing to the scarcity or total lack of water. There is. plenty of land at present iiear^r the railroad and better watered, bnt the time is coming when this land will all be readily salable and the ones who establish successful artesian wells will reap a rich profit. We are indebted to a pamphlet entitled '-Range and ranch cattle business of the United States" by Joseph Nimmo, Jr., Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, for munyof the figures in this week's issue. The pamphlet covere a great deal of ground, giving many interesting facts relative to the caitlo industry 4nd deal ing especially with.Ijhe bearings of the cattle business upon the internal and foreign commerce of the United States. It gives a conipleto liistory of the range cattle and dressed beef industries of the United States and is in the.main correct. The artlclo on Dakota is however, not onlv misleading but almost entirely wrong. The facts(?) were furnished by a man who is personally entirely ignor ant of the cattle business. With this and a few other exceptions the pamphlet is tho most valuable one on range cattle ever published. •/& Troublo has at last begun between the trail men and the Kansas cattle men. J. R. Blocker, Pngsley Bros., N. Dowling, H. S. H0H7, J. W. Driskill, J. T. Lytle, M. C. Campbell and others have been arrested by depaty U. S. Marshal Bell and taken to Dodge City, Kansas. These men have over 60,000 head of cattle on the trail, which are now stopped south of the Canadian river. Their prelimi nary trial has probably already occurred. It is likely that every means will be used to avoid the trial as, it being a test case, thousands and probably hundreds of thousands of dollars will be spent before its decision. At ally rate, the arreBts show that the Kansans are ttoronghly in earnest'about the enforcement of tho quarantine laws. The decision will materially affect cattle interests, espec ially those of the south and will be looked forward to with intense interest. Northwestern Stock Business. For the benefit of those of our readers who have not a personal knowledge of the history of stock raising .in the north west, a short account may he agreoable. In 1884, or rather early in 1865 it wys learned that cattle would fatten in the north better than in the. south. A, gov ernment trader was overtaken by a hard snow storm on the Laramie plains and turned his oxen out, as he supposed to die. Early in the spring, however, he found them in even better condition than when turned out This, taken ia connection with tho fact that buffalo lived and grew exceedingly fat in Dak ota, Montana and Wyoming, first drew the attention of cattlemen to the north west as a beef coutry. Capitalists soon took advantage of the opportunities offered and began driving cattle from the southern ranges to grow Into beet This has been kept up to the present time and it is fair to presume that' within five years the northern ranges will be as full as is safe, taking into consideration the natural increase of the herds.. The range territory includes the prin cipal. pait of the Indian territory, the western parts of Kansas, Nebraska and Dakota,, nearly all of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Nevada and portions of Cali fornia, Oregon and Washington. This area includes over l,l60,00dsquare miles. A fair illustration of the marvelons growth of the cattle Industry is shown & Jg 1 o/"V tl by the growth of the Montana and Wyo ming associations. Two' years ago, ac cording to President Bryan, the Montana association consisted of seven members. Now there are over a hundred and fifty members. In 1873 the Wyoming associ tion consisted of ten members, owning about 80,000 cattle, valued at $350j000. In 1886 the Wyoming Association has 435 members, owning 2.000,000 head of cattle and valued at $100,000,000. and spring rains thd dry weather comes on early and cures the .grass standing. It is then equal to cut timothy. Only a few years ago the Indians held almost undisputed control, of what is now the range cattle-country of the we^t and northwest.. After-the Custer massa cre the government .adopted stringent measures with reference to compelling the Indians to stay, on their reservations, thus practically opening the country to the stock interests There i» now nq. farther danger in' ttie" cattle country from Indian outbreaks as the cow-boys could easily quell any disturbance. The cattle business is now as firmly established and the profits can be as eas ily calculated as in other pursuits, the results of which arenot absolutely cer tain. There is always a market for beef and stock cattle^ Prices vary a little but have steadily inere&d from the $3 to t4 Texas steer of tweoty-five years ago, to the |50 to $60 Montana steer of to-day. The work is now reduced to a system and everyone is compelled (0 act hon estly by. his neighbor Ten years ago a man might draw to a branding iron and get a herd. Now he would as sorely get a rope or states prison. From the thor ough detective and inspection system of the stock associations, it is alnjost im possible to act dishonestly. A nftn's caf tle when branded, are as safe a hundred miles from his ranch as they are at home. The unwritten law of the range is "treat your neighbor white and he'll treat yon ,v,n e.' STOCK NOTES. STRAYED. About April loth., a bay gelding four years old, branded |^L on left shoulder and VI on left hip. Had liackamore on when lost. Finder please notify, HOWARD EATON or Cow BOY office, Medora, Dak. STRAYED. Seven head of horses from Medora, branded 24 connected on right shoulder and vinted on right hip. Also on left Ii'.p. Horses owned and information to be sent to, PRICE The cattle business of the west and northwest differs Somewhat from the way it is conducted in the sou^h. In Taxes, the most of the land is owned by the cattlemen themselves. In the'Indian territory the land is for the mwt part leased, but in Wyoming, Montana and Dakota, the vast majority of the cattle are grazing on government land. In these territories,* this will doubtloss be the case for some time to come, as tho tie country is .in the dry area and agriculture eannot be carried on except by irrigation^ It will be Jnany yeaxfc tfflflor. This is a distinction before.tha hug^not will be taken 5^ and ially far distant when it will pay to irri gate lands far from railroads in this western country. The grass receives an. abundance of moisture from the JOHN GOODAIX, Medora, Dak. STRAYED: One bay horse weight about 900 pounds with small white spot in forehead brand ed C— on left thigh, had on when last seen, a hackamore with a rope dragging. A suitable reward will be paid for the return of the horse to my raneh, infor mation where bo can be found. Ranch six miles north of track on Beaver. S. E. GKITCDIU, '... Mingnsvilie, Montana. The following are the latest cattle quotations in the Cliicagq market: Extra prime beeves .$5.95 6.05. Choice to fancy shipping,.. .^5.50 5.8a Good to choice shipping, $5.25 &£5 Common to good sliippingr.$4.75 5.15" Poor to medium steers $4.45 4.85 Fair to choice cows, '.$2.70 3.70. Inferior to medinm COWB./.$1.50 $2.00 SUOWB' PER YEAR,!® The largest number cattle r^ccive^? 5? during any one month fefi* yettat tlifeC Chicago yards was 198,717 in Octuberfj© The lowest number was ln JIhrcli, 122®1| 633. The lar^e receipts during' the Iaifp^. ter month fig well as in the winter anu%' '. early spring is j?robably_ dusjto the fsdppl that farmers are making a general pra*^^ tlce of raising feoders for ahlgh marketip|^ The total value of the Ilvct cattle aniite beef products exported from the United^ States during the. year ending June 1884 was $41,080,001. Of this total, Greafe^ Britain and Ireland took more than three-quarters, there has 'boon a^ steady and r&jiid increase 'in this port bnsiness since 187S. the total Vtflu&siS of shipments during tn^t 'year beinfc®'^ $11,788^58. All live cattle shipped'from fiis lfnited^ Statcs to England, must be killed at tli^, port ef,gntry within fir« daynaf their' acrival'aiUl cannot be taken iato£beip- onr cattl'e bj^ngland, without «iy cause. The dressed beef .industry of the United States makes it far more profits We to ship fiefet-.tnfhat" way, bnt Ss afe^ jnattev^ef principle, the govermhentr^? should haVe England's restriction on our cattle removed or give hera taste of how a similar restriction «n our part' Would' Cattle clipped from C^tada -te^^- England are subject to no resta rietiontfl^/ whatever. Kentucky wife—My dear, I read ia 13id V-- 5|pl papers that a camel can" go without:-' water for ten-days. Kentucky husband (with an expiw-&s3 •sion of surprise)—Ten daysl Iathai New York Sun. A lady who had boasted highly atjS^"®*:' •dinner party of her little darling,^ addressed liim thus: "Charlie, my dear^f"4 won'iryou have some beans?* '-"So^vsd4'i^ the ill-mannered reply of the petulent'^K, cherub. "No," exclaimed the astoD~ ished mother "no what?' "No beans."* .„ •Ex. "So,* remarked the Judge' ftf"a^pHs-'" yg oner, "you Were drnnklast night." "Yes, your honor, I was somewhat toxicated." "About how drunk were you?" ^7 "Really, Judge, I cant-sa^ h(w i&toxl'it icated I was." "Have yon any extras to otbr." A "None, your honor." vi "Suty days." "Thunder, Judge! I wasn't that drunk." But he went ail the same.—[Cincin nati Merchant TraveHer. »"S5s "Jolm," said the old man as he laid down his paper and wiped his glasses, we've got one hoeswuth $500 of any"" man's nroney." "Yes, father." "We've got another who is half blind 'f and can't quite airn his keep." "Yes." And a third who'd eat a common man The following letter, was probably not intended for publication, but is none the less amusing: B. EOBGE 2.60. Poor to choice bullB, '.$2.40 350. Stockers, 550 to 860 lbs, $2.75 4.10. Feeders, 875 to 1,150 lbs,.. .$3.85 4.60. Grass-fed Texans !$2.90 4.10. Corn-fed Texans ...3.90@ 5.15. Slop-fed cattle ,$5.30 5£5. Milch cows,19 head, $26.00 B0.00. Of the slaughtering-houSfes in Chicago, Swift Bros. & Co^ did the"'largest fixxsi ness, killing 401,617 cattle. ArmoUr & Co. came next with 306^74.* There were 9S,000 cattle shipped west over the Northern Pacific last year aecor ing to the statement of General freight agent Hannaford. They were mostly she stock, one's and two*s» In Wyoming there are fifty-six varie ties of natural grasses. -As the soil, physical characteristics and climate of Dakota are about the Bame as Wyoming, there are probably the same anmber In this territory.. In addition, alfalfa and several other artificial grasses have been tried and we have not yet heard of iny failures in thiB direction. r... t«v .' i. poor inside of a year, and no goood ex cept to git up a neighborhood quarreL" "That's so, faiher." 4, "Well, now what wonld bo the result if we hitched them hossesup together. Wouldn't it spile the good one, instead, of makin' $500 hosses of the others." "K'rect. father." "But these'ere tarnal railroads llgger jist t'other way. A line which kin possi bly pay expenses an' make two cents fur stockholders mus' go an'hitch np with three or four lame an' blind consarns that can't pay fur axle grease an' the result is darnation all round, Jake." "Yes, father." .fit "Snuff out your candle and go tobedl When I see men crack their own skulls fur the sake of showin' the world the sawdust inside, it makes me sleepy."—[ Wall Street News. HEBMAN.Agent W. S Tray- ellers Accident Insurance Company: Dear Sir: A four-legged animal, weigh iDg fourteen hundred pounds kicked your humble seirant about thirty feet and drove him throngh!a clapboard 'par tition one and a half inched thick, doing some damage. Drs. Carrol and Mereness think the animal was in the right. Nev-~ erthelesa.it was an accident, and as I X. hold a $2,000 policy in a company you represent, I make demandfor damages. I say it was a pure accident,, for any man that would takeaBecond doee of such strength, would want little else here below, nor want that little long. I want you to settle promptly, or I will send my attorney after you, and-he knows all the meannes in lus profession and what he does not know I will tell him. I have dealt with Insurance agents and shoe dealers until lam proflaent. Now about this animal—I-will Call your attention to a little scheme. I hold a two thousand dollar policy, whieh in all probability the company will have to pay, unless you look out for their inter est, and I will suggest how you do it. Advise the company to buy the horse I will Bell him cheap, and will give them two sets of harness, one saddle tad bri dle, two wagons, two sleighs, a complete and full rig for bnsiness and pleasure. & And further. I will get seme man to'take an accident policy of $3^00, pay tlie pre mium myself, get him to assign the pol icy to me and then hire him to drive The horse to the «ompany,s door. I do not know justliow yon feel about this matter, but I .want yon to give It close attention: I write at this length because vblle you are readlng lt you will not be teilng some poor citiken by telling him how a fellow. was kieked, and how yon paid him promptly, ate. Reepeetfnlly yours, J.B.BC8UCT.