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The Wahpeton times. [volume] (Wahpeton, Richland County, Dakota [N.D.]) 1879-1919, March 01, 1888, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024779/1888-03-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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Of '•'•'tut
riitfii i» Hi,, r,
Thllftfrirwu* ago.betora the barons
in fhiyd|)U»(«il|^8S! |'iop D0»
hfe' it ia$0.?6, withau. qpvnd tendency,
•»i WMthlll "iniinrs' wages have
arisen, in insurance
$i&Mi^ak>h to nay the least, is one
^jabathovel that has yet come to
^^hi»«trlace in underwriting experience.
«6w Yorlcer who carried $300,000
'#iaaurjmoe on his life voiuntariiy died
ria.ord^ that his creditors might reap
th* benefit of the policies. The issue
now to trial, and that is the gener
made by insurance men in
nJ Washington .Territory's claims lor
admission to the Union are hardly
jtowi cogettt than those, of Dakota.
"With a population of about 200,000,
enormous wealth in natural resources
and several exceMent harbors on its
tang tftretchof seacoast, theTerritory
makes its request for Statehood well
Supported. It haB twice as many in
habitants as Oregon had when it be*
The annual report of .the Massa
chusetts savings bank commissioner
show* the aggregate deposits in the
bank last year were $303,948,624.
The depositors of $50 or under num*
bered 344,040, and of $1,000 or over
110,787. There were 458,376 women
depositors, whose savings aggregate
$146,402,334. The average dividend
paid was a little-over 41-2 "per cent,
the. average rate of interest earned be
ing about 6 per cent. The total
bomber of depositors was 892,603.
Becerit New Orleans papers dwell
with pride on the hearty wel
come extended by the people of the
city to Admiral Vigne and the officers
and crew, of the French man-of-war
Minerva now in harbor there. It is
natural that the French element of
New Orleans and Louisiana, stilt an
important portion of the population,
and largely influensing its feeling and
sentiment, should rejoice at the oc
casion thus given them for an exhi
bition of their strong sympathy with
the French Bepublic. A hundred and
fifty years ago liouisiana became a
French «olony, and its relations with
France did not cease when it ..joined
:. the American Union.
A dramatic paper says it is a well
established fact that amusements
prosper .triost in periods either of ex
treme prosperity or in times of sever
est financial ^depression. But when
times are neither very good nor very
bad, theatricals are found generally
responsive to the condition of the
general bctsiness. The reports which
some of the disbanding of several
theatrical companies, of the return
to town oiothersforthe purpose of
reorganization, and the summary
giving up of several ventures which
seemed to have the promise of consid
erable success, are all corrobrative of
the fact, which is now pretty clearly
..'manifest, that theatrical business
jfihassuffered a veiy serious and very
gf?«ummary decline since the beginning
A correspondent of the New Yorlt
gffftan writes that "the wor.-l blizzard
•*vwag used in Virginia, North Carolina
and South Carolina in the common
jlfK'Speech of people of Irish, English and
fe.?.''fc'/8cotch descent a hundred -year ago.
Forty years ago and «arlier, in the
States ,of Ohio, I often heard descend
•fettota of these people, at that time
jP 'men and women of seventy or seven
P^^rfive years of age, repeat stories and
|piwywrtloD» of the days of their
childhood and youth." Whatever
p|flr!1the origin of the word, it is oom
mbn thing to hear old-fashioned peo
pie, in describing a quarrel, say that
this or that person gave his antago
nist "blizzards." This may be true,
isofaras it goes, but it should be
stated that the word "blizzard" as
Applied to western storms, is of re
EX-COT. Samuel W. Hale, of Keene,
(few Hampshire, the day he retired
from the Gubernatorial chair failed
for several hundred thousand dollars.
^His affairs were in a bad way, and his
^l^cnditors would probably have been
25 cents on the dollar,
lobolly informed them that if they
|#M|ld give him time he would pay
fl^Bm dollsr for dollar, all that he
with isterest. Not one man in
^•^••billion, situated as be was, would
!j»?#£hbught of such a thing. He was
«nd accustomed to a
fatffe of living that to plain country
VpMfia seemed pdncdy. He shut up
If^iii'gMtbbaM, sold his horses and
'feahl^ges dismissed bis servants, liv
ed inaplainway,
City of
The- added tax
to pay diyldfm^fl on watered stock
aa4 toBtreiiRttaen the grip of an often
iiw a^illefeal monopty."
addressed him-
to bis fuuit task. That is a little
mora than two years and a half ago,
and at the present time between six
ty-five awl seven typer. cent of his
^indebtedness hasbeen paid, without
ithe discount of a dollar. It is some*
rhat remarkable that b*\% should
make thuatruggle he has made and is
^'.making vto pay. $300,000 wbsn be
fp^aWaasily faav* Mttled for 1100,
fit# o»
-vti-',:- "S0®8
?*riton,1 tlL, Almost
Five Hundred Hoases in Bains, Where
in the Handled Tletims Slowly
Boasted to Death.
The Death List Already Numbers
Twenty-Seven and Will Probably
Be Increased,
Xovax TEBHON,III,Special Telegram, Feb.
19.—This city was visited by a horrible cy
clone to-day abont 4:45 p. m. It bad been
thanderlng and rafniivr for some time, when
suddenly a low, rumbling noise was heard,
and a black cloud that Beemed to touch the
earth swept over the city, and it became
very dark. As soon as the olond passed,
however, the sky brightened and people
realised the shock and loss thev had sus
tained. Hundreds ot houses wen blown
down, and many people were crushed In the
ruins It is impossible at this time to esti
mate the loss, but at least one-half of the
town Is destroyed. The south and east
parts of the square are completely destroyed.
The large building known aa the Crews
block, now owned by
0. Hurray, was en­
tirely demolished and caught fire in a short
time, and is now burning rapidly. The 21.
S. church is nearly mass of
ruins. The roof and second story
are entirely gone, while the lower
part is badly damaged. The Baptist-church
is a wreck and beyond all hope of repair.
The east end of the publlo sohool house is a
bad sight The once mammoth building is
now razed to the ground, and a heap of
bricks and stones are all that remain to tell
the story. Hundreds of houses ore heaps of
tulns, and (he city In the cyolone district
presents a scene ot the most horrible desola
tion and ruin. The town is about two miles
long east and west, and the course of the
cyclone took In about two-thirds of the east
end, the western part of the town escaping.
It Is impossible to begin to estimate the
number of hoases destroyed, but the number
will run up into the hundreds. The large
part of the business portion of thecii
known as the square is totally destroys
Out of a row of buildings about 200 fee.
long there are none but are more or less
injured, while most of them are entirely
consumed or will be, as the fire Is
raging now on that street, and unless
help soon.arrives will be wholly lost
These are
all business houses, and the goods
are entirely destroyed. The east side of the
square presents even a more
for nothing la left there but mortar and
brlok. This side is also occupied by business
houses. Nothing is saved here not a single
building is left on this row. Tbe north side
is badly damaged, but the wreck here is very
slight compared to that on the east and
south sides. Tbe Odd Fellows' hsll is most
damaged on this side, but none of the build
ings escaped being more or less injured.
The west side escaped more lightly than
any, but the buildings here are also in a bad
atate, being greatly shaken up. The damage
to the business pare of the town Is so great
that it Is completely ruined. The general
appearance of the town is honribie to con
template, and looks as if an earthquake had
visited it It is impossible to convey any
idea of' how It really looks, and
people who have not seen it «annot
form any Idea of its horrors.
The county court house, one of the most
complete wrecks in the city, is a mammoth
two-story buildlog. and stood in the oenter
of the square, but being directly in the path
of the cyolone It is entirely demolished. It
was an expensive building and an ornament
to our county. It will have to be rebuilt
There is no alarm felt in regard to the
records, as they aro easily accessible, and
unless the fire should spring up in the ruins
extinguish it All the largest and best build
ings seem to have suifered the greatest The
Commercial hotel is almost completely
ruined, but none of the guests or-others are
injured so far as known.
what damage has been sustained in
the country, as no news has been brought
In. It will be several days before It will be
possible to tell what the damage really is.
On East Main street, for nearly a quarter
of a mile, there is
standing, and as near aa can be ascertained
this is the case all over the city. From near
the center to the west end on all sides ruins
stare one in the face J. 3. Xanton, saloon
keeper, lost heavily, bis building being de
stroyed. J. J. Hisermun, bakery destroyed
and goods lost The wagon and blacksmith
abont ope hundred to
will die before morning.
Two more reported aa ha'
shop of Conner & Co." destroyed.
Cook, jlruggist,_ building aud goods
lest Hotel of R. AT Perry badly
damaged. The Johnson building, in
whloh is the large dry goods store of
Beutoher, Waters.& Co. is greatly damaged.
The drug store of Hill, Williams* dry srooda.
Ferguson's harness shop and Mrs. Water's
millinery store, greatly damaged. BeberA
store, and J. H. Backaway's Imllduur, con
talningO. W. Post's general stock of mer
chandise, D. H. Wise and Budspeth Co. In
& H. Watson's building, stock and building
are total wrecks. 3. F. Watson's building,
inoluding Howard Brsa Jk Co.'s stock
of groceries, is totally destroyed. The
bank of G. W. Evans Is destroyed. G.
W. Morgan's building and jewelry store
destroyed. J. It Powelson's hoase aad
furniture store destroyed W. B. Jackson's
harness atore and building rained. The
skating ring is
scattered all over towa. The
mill of the Mount Vernon Milling company
is badly damaged. The other buildlags are
not seriously damaged exoept G. M. F.
Ward's building on the west side, whloh it
almost totally demolished. The loss of life
is variously estimated at from fifteen to
thirty. In the destruction of tbe Crews
building It is surprising that many were not
killed, as tbe upper story was occupied as a
boarding house. Murray, the owner of the
building, perished in the ruins, and although
great efforts were made to save him, it was
impossible. The storm passed from the
southwest and had
Itaweptdown with fearful fury, striking
first just south of the oitv hall, then carried
away the tbird and fourth stories of the Mt
there it swept on iu a
Vernon mill. From
path 500 yards wide.
fell) U8l after 250 people had left the Sun
day school room. Tbe Commercial hotel
lost is third story. Next the wind struck tbe
county court house and rendered it a heap
of ruins By rare luck, bowever, the
county records were saved. The Crews
block on the south side of the square Is
leveled with tbe earth, and under It was
found the body of John Crews, the owner nf
the block, formerly of C""
and seoond story of B. I* Btratton A Ca's
hardware store was blown away. The large
two-story brick school house did not with,
stand the shook any better than the smallest
house in tbe track of the cyolone. The
large two-stery frame house of George Ward
was picked up and carried about twenty
feet and left unhurt, while two brlok
buildings within 100 feet were left in
rains. It Is growing eolder and manv
homeless will suffer if the weather
becomes severe. Reports are coming from
the eouury, and the storm seems to have
swept everything for miles. Incalculable
loss of life and great suffering will follow
unless outside assistance is
given. The may
or, G. H. Harnell, will give It to the proper
commiiiee. A meetintr of business men waa
held, aad committees appointed to core for
the dead and wounded, and protect the
property as much as possible. Many people
who escaped with their lives have nothing
besides. Many are
The SiathodiFt church
with no home to go to. The north side of
the Court House square is injured consid
erably. The wounded ore"
the physicians in the
The nilroad shops are
a great number of nomes destroyed. The
people are out doors who lived in the track
pt the storm. The dead and dying are scat
tered through the city. AH the doors of the
remaining houses have been thrown open to
the less fortunate. Three-fourths of the
business portion of tbe dty is ruined
uara in injarea consia
sd are being cared for by
best possible manner,
ire badly damaged, and
of Soateare
rtnlyed sixT
many otben in
anlaow being gathered
house, whloh has been opv
pitalfor the dead and wounded. This build
ing is also dsmsged. but not aeriously. late
reports show twenty-nine dead and
The dead
Eddie Maxey and Mm CoL
A number of the wounded are
,! V'
The Fallowing If Ust at t}» KUled md
Injured So Far as Is Known.
Gen. Sheridan—Nominate me? I would
not aooept But tbere is" not the slightest
probability of being nominated and, ln an
event, I would not accept No, not under
any circumstances I do not want that ot
any other civil office.
An election tor member ot parliament
was held in the west division of Southwork,
London, resulting in the return of Causto
(Gladstonian.) The vote tor Cauaton was
8,038 Bedall (Unionist), 2,444. At tho
election Inst year Cohen (Liberal) received
2,066 and Bedall 2,453. Cohen recently
Deciding a ease Involving a railroad in
Tennessee wfeich was used and operated
aa a means of conducting interstate traffic
in coal by companies owning connecting
interstate roads, the interstate commerce
commission holds that ths short road ie
one of the facilities and lnstrumentalties
of interstate commerce and, as auch, is
aubject to the provisions of the act to
regulate commerce.
The will of Mrs. Waltha A. Emmons was
filed with a petition asking tor probate.
The will, It Is expected, will be contested
and the question ot the sanity ot Mrs.
Emmona again disputed. An examination
ol Mr*. Emmona' brain waa made by di
rection of Prof. Emmons. In case the will
be set. aside, all Mrs. Emmons, property,
valued at $46,000, would go to Prof. Em
mona, as it is not known that ahe has any
relatives who eould claim the property.
By the will Prof. Emmons will receive only
tbe wearing apparel and literary effeets of
Mra. Emmons.
The bill to amend the law prohibiting
alien persons and corporations from ac
quiring lands in the United States, receiv
ed the approval of the house committee
on mines and mining. The amendment, pro
vides that the restrictions ol the jaw shall
not apply to mines Of gold and silver, tin,
lead, cinnabar or copper or any interest
The Milwaukee road has submitted its
annual report to the commission of busi
ness done in Minnesota during 1887. Tho
report shows a decrease of $224,000 in the
gross earnings as compared with 1886.
Pending the collection of official atatis*
tics by the Dakota authorities, the Mitch
ell Republican has made a careful canvass
of the southern part of the territory, to
ascertain the actaul number of lives lost
in the recent blissard. From nearly com
plete returns it appears that the actual
number of deaths is only 105, out ot a
nAnntatmn aI
MBS. JOHN H. WATERS and baby.
CHARLES CUMM1NG8, an engineer
DR. JOHN YEABW00D and wife.
MRS. WILLIAM JONBS and two children.
A BLACKSMITH, name not knowa.
Lawler E. Legg, Mm Henry Waters, Miss
Laura Lisenby, Charles Ellis, Mr. and Mm
C. Gelbraith, Charles Wler, Mr. and Mrs.
Westbrook, Amanda Bearden, W. H. Hinman,
Liuie Bennett, J. C. Hanbriok, Charles Pool,
MisaCorinne Hanbriok, Brownlow Hawkina,
Mrs. Albright, Henry Ellis, Mr. Mllllcropt,
Joel Howard, Steve Maxey, Van Maxey and
several children. Mm Frank Holcomb, Miss
taa Holcomb. Kn Albright and daughter
So far as reported these are the worst in
jured, though there are scores who have re
ceived slight Injures. There are three or
four bodies Said to have been found that
can't be identified. For the amount ot de
struction to property the loss of life Is very
light but no Idea can be formed of the mag
nitude of tbe disaster at this time, owing to
the great excitement The storm oame fust
after the Sunday schools closed, ot there is
no telling what the losa would have been, as
the Methodist and Baptist churches were to-
A Centralis, HI speoial says a high south
westerly wind has- oeen blowing there all
the evening. It is feared that damage has
been done at other points beside Mount Ver
non. The latter place Is about twenty miliss
southeast of Centralis. It has a population
of 2,000.
Gsn. Sheridan Says. That Nothing Would
Indnee aim to Accept the Nomination
for Frosldsnt—Na Bee In His Bonnet
Feb. 19.—The Washington
agent of the associated press sought an in
terview with Gen. Sheridan this evening for
tbe purpose of ascertaining whether he
would consent to made an authoritative
statement in regard to his alleged presi
dential candidacy. The general gave his
consent and it will be seen from the follow
ing verbatim report of the conversation
that his declarations are thoroughly ex
Agent—Of course, general, yoif have no
ticed that there has been considerable men
tion of you during tho past few weeks as a
possible, or probable candidate for the pres
idency next autumn.
Gen. Sheridan—Yes, I have notioed it, but
have never looked upon those newspaper
articles as anything more tban the usual
shooting arOund in the woods which has
onoe or twice before In presidential years
brought my name up in that connection.
"But, general, the talk Is more serious this
time, and tbere appears to be something
like a concerted movement to bring about
your nomination."
Gen. Sheridan—Well, I know nothing
more about this alleged boom than what!
have read in tbe papers, except that now and
then some friend has twitted me about be
coming. a candidate. But, if the matter is
really now discussed senously.lt Is time
that. all parties concerned should be In
formed that they are wasting thelr'breath. 1
have never bad the presidential bee In my
bonnet, and I don't intend to have lt,foi
there is nothing thst would induce me to
leave the profession in which nearly forty
years of my life have been spent to entet
upon a civil career. So all talk about my
being a candidate may as well end.
"But suppose the Republican convention
Q1 Af\A ».
ovulation of 350,000. This is barely
the first newspaper estimate,
minute fraction of the ridiculously
gerated total Eastern newspapers.
Edmonton advices
atate that 8. Cunning,
ham, member of. the Northwest council,
who has just returned from a trip to Lac
la Biche, in tho far North, reports ths con.
dition ot the Indiana tbere as deplorable.
These Indiana have been cut off from gov
ernment assistance since the Kiel rebellion,
their horses, cattls and everything given
them prior to 1886 being taken from them.
They are now raiding the settlers or an
completely eating them out of provisions
by bsgginc.
PostotRcesestablished: Iowa: Church
ville. Warren county. Postmasters com
missioned—Dakota: Volin, 8. J. Patrick.
Fourth class postmasters appointed
Iowa: Woodward, C. C. Thomas. Wis
consin: Sperbeck, C. A. Goodyear.
Rev. William Brush, president of Dako*
ta university at Mitchell, Dak., has been
in Washington for several davs and has
been relieving Rev. Mr. Milburn, chaplain
of the house, in his official duties. Dr.
Brush has been laboring for tbe university
there and it is said has been secured a sub
scription from Senator Leiand Stanford to
the amount of $5,000.
lives. 4
jr'-f p\i
Claim That Tbay Wen Often
Binned Against Thaa Bto
The editor of the Stillwater Messenger has
succeeded In getting Jim Younger to tell
something abont his early oareer, and slnoe
It Is Claimed that neither of the Younger
brothers, slnoe they came to Minnesota, have
ever been detected in a falsehood, this story,
as told to the Messenger, will be read with,
in re
After minor psrtlculars ot the murder of
his father by a mob of highwaymen and the
destruction of their homestead, Jim Younger
In February, 1866 we were run off by a
mob, and I.went to an nnole In Howard
county. It was while I was there that the
Liberty bank robbery took plaoe, though
that affair was not laid to us until along
time afterward, or nutll after the celebrated
Iowa train robbery. I staid from home until
the fall of 1866, and on the day I returned
I was captured at the bouse by the same
supposed mob that murdered my father. I
escaped from those meu within twenty min
utes after my capture by leaping upon a
horse that stood near tbe door, and riding
for my life. In the spring of 18671 went
back to my mother and planted, cultivated
and harvested a crop for her. But while
doing that I slept every night In the woods,
going to the house after sunrise and leaving
at sundown. I took that ^precaution to
avoid being murdered. I was net, however,
afraid of meeting ordinary people and was
glad to go of ten to Independence and mix
with the people there, most all of whom
knew me well In 18681 went to Texas and
remained therj until 1870. when my mother
sent me word asking that I should come and
take her to Texas, but she died soon after
my arrival homa Upon her death she gave
me a speoial charge, sister Bettie and the old
black woman, asking me to take them to
Texaa I obeyed, and remained in Texas un
til the fall of 1872. During thetime Hived
there I drove herds of hones to Louisiana
and oatUe to Neoiho, Kan., caring for nearly
five hundred of the latter. That was in the
winter of'71-2. In the following winter I
took sister Bettie to Missouri, and was visit
ing there with friends when the Iowa train
robbery occurred, aud *e were accused
ot that not At tbat time we were
prepared to return to Texaa I
hardly know how to most forcibly or con
vincingly put my words, but I can truthfully
say that the accusation regarding the Iowa
affair was a lie. If there is on the face of
the eaith a man or woman whose word is
good in the community where they are
known, and that man or woman will sol
emnly say that we are guilty of uny offense
except that committed at Nortbiield. then I
will admit the truth ot everything charged.
There has never been issued even a writ In
connection with any other alleged crime.
After the Iowa robbery we were surrounded
by Pinkerton's detectives. One day brother
John and I were eating dinner as old man
Snuffer's when a party ot these men rode
past We mounted our horses and started
for the house of our aunt, and on the way
met the detectives in the road. We said
to them "Good day," whereupon a man
whose name I now know is Lull pulled a
revolver, which he had kept concealed, and
shot my brother. John returned the fire and
Lull died from the effects of the shot, while
John died within a few minutes. I soon went
to Kentucky,. remaining tbere until the
ot 1875, when I went to California,
ng. Then I oame back and. In away
not necessary to be explained, sot at onoe
Into tbe Northfield affair and Into the state
prison After the murder of father, none of
us were given a moment of peace, yet I was
never afraid of the open day or of any ex
cept the secret assassins who murdered my
father for his money. At Dallas, Tex., I
moved in the best social oiroles, took tbe
school census, was deputy marshal for a
time, and when I left was deputy nnder
Sheriff Jere Brown. All the leading men
knew me well, and no man there can truth
fully say aught against me. While I waa
quartered at Neosho, Kan., I went under my
nirht name and mingled freely with peopro,
attending the.balls and parties aa a welcome
and respected guest
coKiiniacn BY COLEKAN.
The reporter afterward visited Coleman
Younger, librarian ot the prison, and having
narrated the substance of his brothers con
versation expressed a desire to add thereto
anything he desired in confirmation or ex
planation that might occur to him. Where
upon he said:
Well, it was that Iowa train robberv, and
the fact that we were charged with the
crime, of which we were wholly, innocent
and ignorant, that brought us Into this
prison for lUe. As Jim says, we were' then
preparing to go to Texas and be rid of the
hounding In Missouri of which he has spoken.
Had we gone our lives would have run on
peacefully and we would not have been
driven Into straits and to this place. The
Sunday before tbe Iowa robbery I was
at Monngraw Springs, Ma, and attended
preaching there. At 4 o'clock in the
afternoon I took supper with Helvln Fickle
and Bev. Mr. Sutton, the preaeher. Two
thirds of the people present at the preaching
were originally from New York, Indiana and
Ohio, and were ex-Union soldiers and their
families most all of them knew me person
ally, or as Cole or "Bud" Younger. At the
close of the service I helped many of the
ladles who knew me to mount their horses.
I mention those facts to show how many
people there are. Northern people, too, who
know where I was on tbat day. After sup
per brother John, who was with me, went to
uncle Frank Younger's at Johnson City,
where Jim and Bob were. It was right after
Jim oame baok from Texas, as he has told
you. I staid with friends in the vloinity of
the Springs that night The Iowa train rob
bery waa committed at 8 o'clock tbe follow
ing Monday morning at a point 300
miles from Xonegraw Springs. The
first I knew of the affair was
what I saw In a St Louis paper, and the
names of Youngers led in tbe headlines, aa
the main perpetrators. The same aocounts
said the robbers had been in
the vicinity ot
where the robbery was committed
for two or three days previous to tbe com
mission of the crime. Had I ever been
brought Into court charged with the Iowa
business scores of people who were at the
preaching at the Springs that Sunday even
ing would have sworn as to my whereabouts.
Tbe newspaper went on, after the robbery in
Iowa, and charged us with serious offenses,
many of which I bad never even heard of,
or, if I had heard, tho recollection of them
had passed from my mind. And since tbat
time books, made to sell, have been thrown
together detailing our thrilling so-called ex-
None Of those accounts or p'lotures
us any more than they do you
or your best personal friend down
town. Why. half of Bob's odium in
pubiio opinion comes from the fact tbat
those so-called histories speak of "Cole and
Bud." The readers of that sort of literature
fall into the error of the author iu thinking
that COle and "Bud" are two different per
sons, and tbat "Bud" is "Bob* It is a fre
quent custom among Southerners to call a
brother affectionately "Bud," a sort of short
for brother. I am Bud, as well as Cole, and
Bob, the youngest, generally speaks of me
now, like be did at home, as Bud You'll see
how the word Bud is used in Eggleston'a
"Hoosier Schoolmaster." Well, after the tu
mult of the. Iowa affair our laudable plans
were deetroved. We wen declared outlaws,
but I never resisted a civil officer In my life,
lam an Outlaw, 1 suppose, it Missouri mob
law has any sanction or legal authority. We
dared not go voluntarily to Iowa to answer
ran ot
give up our plans of going to Texas, because
there, as elsewhere, we hid been published
aa worse than outlaws, and did not
care to go
whore it might be said we had come In order
to escape justloe. And so from pillar to post
ic went on from bad enough to worse—and
to this. John, Bob aad Jim. were accused
of the Gad's Hill robbery, and on ac
count of that charge John waa killed
in the road that day, as Jim tells,
John was not there at Gad's Hill
and knew nothing of It At that time Bob
and I went at William Dickenson's borne in
Carrol] parish. Louisiana Mr. Diekerson
was a member of a Masonic lodge, and one
night at abont the time of the Gad's Hill af
fair went to attend lodge. Daily papers
wen just received telling about the robbery,
and how. we were connected with it Some
one among bis Masonic brethren was read,
ing aloud In bin preseuoe tbat evening the
account, and
Dlckerson spoke up and
iMNtair Kndk»U Vani!stt«s tb«
Exhaustive Reply to tbe BaeolnUoa Call
Ing for Information.
WASHINGTON, Feb 2a—The secretary of
war to-day returned to the bouse hie answer
to the Boutelle resolution calling for {infor
mation as to the flags captured by the United
Statea The secretary says:
Of the whole number captured and de
posited with the department. 230
United Statea flsgs originally captui
Confederates and recaptured from them,
644 were Confederate flags taken by tbe
United States troops, making a total of 780
In the custody of tbe denartment When re
ceived they wen deposited in a vacant at
Uo room of a building on Seventeenth street
occupied by the clerks of the adjutant gen
eral's offloa In 1867 the superintendent of
the buildings, without instruction, so far as
can be ascertained, had them removed to his
office, where a few were plaoed upon the
walls and the remainder upon shelves or in
pigeon holea At. this time an Inventoiy of
these flags waa entered in a book in which
was also entered -a description and brief
history of the capture of tbose that could be
Identified as belonging to particular organ
izations^ Thev remained hen until the lat
ter part of 1874.
It Is stated that while some ot the Con
federate flags have since been given the
companies or regiments capturing tbem, no
flags have passed out of the custody of the
department that were in such custody
when Secretary Endioott assumed charge of
the department The order to return the
flags and the order nvoking it are given and
the statement is made that no flags were
actually returned nnder the first order.
The secretary then says:
As to the law requiring the publlo exhibi
tion of rapturing flags and trophies, it is as
sumed that the construction put upon it by
former secretaries of the war and naw waa
that the law applied to trophies taken'from
a foreign enemy and not to those taken dur
ing domestic hostilities. In the autumn
ot 1874a portion of the flagji were removed
from the office of the superintendent
of the war department buildings,
It la presumed by the oral direc
tion of the then secretary of war, to the
ordnance museum In Winter's building and
there plaoed on exhibition, and others were
sent to the.same place in 1875. Tbe larger
part of the flags, however, still remain In tbe
office of the superintendent Suoh was their
custody and place of deposit until Ootober.
1882, when all the flags, including those in
the museum, were by direouon of the secre
tary of war boxed and stored in a room in
the subbssement of the new state war and
navy building then first occupied by the war
department, where they remained until Jan
uary, 1887. They were quite inaccessible
in this plnce and difficult to find and identify
when it became necessary to do sa It was
also found that they were decaying rapidly,
and by direction of tbe present adjutant
general they were taken from the
placed In a room in the upper story of tbe
war department building, where they can be
easily visited and examined. It is
well known that in many cases
United States troops with the implied,
if not tbe express, consent of the war
department, retaiued the flags taken from
the Confederates In battle, and during tbe
war tbe secretary of war ordered several capt
ured flags to be restored to the captors. Dur
ing the whole period of their custody in this
department it has been the practice of the
secretaries of war, from time to time, to de
liver up recaptured Union flags on applica
tion by governors of states whose troops
served in the armies of the United States, or
to organisations, or to distinguished soldiers
of the war on the Union side. Upon such ap
plication it waa, prior to March, 1885, the
practice of the secretaries of war to make in
quiry concerning the loss of the flag asked
for, and if It occurred under circumstances
whloh did not reflect discredit upon the sol
dierly and gallant conduct of tho troops, it
was returned and in accordance with this
rule such flags have been returned since
Mnrch, 1875. Such applications have at
times been refused, and, in some cases, sub
sequently granted. Nineteen Union o«ga
have thus passed from the custody of the de
partment by order from the secretary of war,
and three have been delivered up on joint
resolutions of congress.
A full list of the same, giving a triet
history and at whose request, and to whom
delivered, and by whose nuthoritv. is an
nexed. Twenty-oue Confederate flags were
also given up prior to Mav, 1867. A list of
these is annexed. Ten of those were taken
from the custody ot the war department and
delivered to individuals, associations or
states-upon the written order of Mr. Stanton
two were given upouan ordar signed by
Assistant Adjutant General Nicholls, and niue
were disposed of under instructions not now
ascertainable, but probably originating with
Mr. Stanton. Some ot these were given up
on promises that they would ie returned,
which appeared not to have been kept Tho
secretary concludes:
In Januarv, 1887. a Confederate flag wat.
loaned bv Gen. Bennet, acting secretary of
war. to W. T. Clark, late brigadier general
United States volunteers, who had originally
deposited it at the war department and who
promised In writing to return it, but has not
done so. Since^the date last mentioned no
Confederate or recaptured Union flag has
been issued or loaned by this department,
and no Confederate Hag has at any time
passed from the custodv of the latter to any
of the states lately in rebellion. In April,
1887, the adjutant general addressed a let
ter to the secretary of ur in whloh he sug
gested the propriety of returning all the
flags (Union and Confederate) to tbe author
ities of the respective states in which the
regiments which had these colors were or
ganised for such final disposition as they
mav determine. This proposition was sub
mitted to the president and approved by
him. Orders thereupon issued thnt letters
be Bent to governors of states whose
troops carried the flugs deposited in the war
department, proposing to return the same.
Suoh letters were sent to the governors of
statea referred to in tbe order. But before
any of these flags were sent or delivered
nnder the order thus issued the president,
upon further consideration, determined "that
the return of these flags in the manner con
templated is not authorized by existing law
or justified as an executive act" The order
of the department was at once revoked and
notice thereof duly issued. None of the
flags were given up. No flags have been re
moved from the plaoe where they were dis
played and concealed from the public. Sec
retaries Scanton, Belknap, McCrary. Ramsey
and Llnooln and the present secretary de
livered up altogether some nineteen re
captured Union flags.
A full description of the flags remaining in
the department that can be Identified ac.
companies the report
Thomas Ryburn Buchanan, the Gl ad
stonian candidate, was re-elected to the
house of commons for the west division ot
Edinburgh. He received 3,204 votes
against 3,248 tor his opponent,Mr. Raleigh,
a Liberal-Unionist.
Bismarck has obtained from Count
Schovaloff, the Russian ainbaseador at
Berlin, a definite declaration of the czar's
demands with reference to Bulgaria. No
secret is made of tbe exact character of the
proprosals nor ot the official opinion that
they will be summarily rejected. The czar
asks a substantial recognition to the rights
of Bussia to control Bulgaria and Bourne
lia. Prince Ferdinand and the sobranje
are to be wiped out, and a Russian com
missioner, with a Turkish colleague, is to
recognise the government and the army,
and control the elections tor a new so*
branje. Russia furtheif claims ths right to
occupy tbe principality until the czar
deems it proper to withdraw bis troops.
The impossible nature of these demands
aggravates the situation.
AtEast Bridgewater, Mass., Rogers &
Sheldon's iron works burned, inMnrting
storehouse, machine shop and several
sheds. About one hundred men were em
ployed by the firm. Loss $75,000 to
$100,000. Insurance $40,000.
The judge of the circuit court at Madison,
Wis., gave an opinion in tbe celebrated
Norwegian Lutheran churoh controversy
case from Koshkoning, Daneeounty. Sev
eral years ago the majority of the members
ot the church seceded for' doctrinal rea
sons, but sought to secure possession of
the church building and other property.
The decision is adverse to them, and leaves
the church in the possession of the minor*
Gen. Sheridan says he would not accept
the presidential nomination under any
tee on the Division and Admits
sion Bills.
VAiV v.
the Strongest and Host Elo
quent Pleas for Dakota fcver
Pot Forth.
The Familiar Reasons Why Dakota
8honld Be a state Recapitulated
With Added Force
_WAsHnfo:ros,Speoial Telegram,Feo. in.
xhe majority of the committee on territories
has finished the consideration Of the omni
bus bill, wbich it will report to the house
probably on Wednesday. The Republicans
of the committee will make a minority re
port, which they have already prepared,
favoring the passage of the Baker bill or Mr.
Gilford's bill for the admission of North and
South Dakota la this report, after recapitu
lating the terms of the enabling acts above
referred to. It Is shown that the proponed
state of North Dakota will have an area of
74,000 square miles, and Will be exceeded
in size by only eight states, nsmely, Ne
braska, Kansas, Mlnnesots, Oregon, Califor
nia, Colorado, Nevada and Texas tbat by
the tenth census in 1885, North Dakota had
a population of 152,000, and that popula
tion had Increased to 225,000 on Jan. 1,
1888 and that no state ever organised from
the publicdpmain ever had anything like
the population of North Dakota.* Ex
tracts are then made from the report
of the oommissloner of immigration of
the territory to show the crops of North Da
kota and her commercial value as an agri
cultural state. It Is shown that North Da
kota is to-day a political entity, as by acts of
the territorial legislature
.publlo institutions
have been located at central and convenient
points, and that she Is as well equipped with
these institutions as the southern half of the
territory that the principal growth and
prosperity of North Dakota has been gained
since 1880. Under the census of 1870 the
population was about 2,000 in 1880 it was
about 38,000 and at present it numbers
225,0001 Reasons are given why North Da
kota has not before asked for admission into
the Union, and the argument is used that
their desire for admission influenced the
large majority against division in tbe last
election. A protest is made egainst the
further exclusion from the Union on the
ground that its courts are inadequate.
Tbe report proceeds:
Officials not of the popular election have
been thrust upon them. They have been
denied representation, although they share
in equal proportion with the states the ex
penses of the general government Five
sevenths of the area of the United States,
excluding Dakota, lie west of tbe Mississippi
river, whieh section now has a population of
10.000,000, and the other two-sevenths
have a population of 48,000,000. A caretul
estimation shows that the year 1800 will
show a population of 32,000.000 in the
states west of the Mississippi river, and it is
predicted that the day is not far distant when
the center of population will be forced west
ward to the border of the great American
desert, whloh has disappeared like a
will o' the wisp berore advancing
civilization. In view of these faots
the minority think due regard should
be had for the future of this country, and
that these states should be of medium size,
having due regard to their adaptability of
supporting and maintaining statehood and
self-government It certainly does not seem
to the minority a wise policy to force the
admission ot tnesa great territories into the
union, and particularly Dakota,
state and against the will other people.
as a single
States of such great wealth and area* as'she
will soon be rather an element of national
weakness In many ways than of strength,
and must sooner or later prove a menace to
ourformof government -.
Upon the bill for the admission of South
Dakota the minority of the committee make
a separate report In which they soy:
This measure in substance passed the sen
ate in the first meeting of the Forty-ninth
congress in February, 1886. That portion
of Dakota embraced within the provisions
of the bill had many times previously
pressed Its claims to statehood, and those
claims have beoome so important that they
seem to the minority of tne committee at
this time imperative. The minoritv believe
that the population, resources, area, intelli
gence and wealth of her people demand tbat
congress should aot at onoe, and tbat her
rights, so lonsr withheld, should be granted
in the full spirit of American iibertv. Tbere
are no precedents or parallel in tbe country's
history for the injustice that has been done
South Dakota in this matter of refusing her
statehood. No party, as a political measure,
can altord to ignore the will of a people ex
pressed in a just cause, and no individual
with a proper respect for the rights of Amer
can citizens can deny these people state
hood longer. The history of the people of
South Dakota for admission into the Union Is
written in disappointed hopes and denicl of
rights to as loyal and intelligent a people as
live in our land The confidence that they
had aright to repose in love of Ameriean
liberty and fairness has been broken. For
ten years she has pressed herself, a fearless
claimant, stong in resources, wealth, num
bers and intelligence. She has been among
the prairie states, the pride of tbe countiy,
and yet has been ignored by congress and
denied the right to enter her father's house.
South Dakota contains a population ot 375,
000 and an Urea ot about 75,000 square
miles. The minority believe that it has ever
been and BtiU Is the strong desire of a great
majority of the people of all Dakota that the
tertitory should be divided upon an east and
west line. The people have laid the whole
foundation of then political system with this
in view and the minority asks. In all candor
and sincerity, what objection is there or can
there be to granting ity Think ot one legis
lature governing New York, Pennsylvania,
Ohio and West Virginia as one state yet Da
kota exceeds all of tbem. It Is said that
Texas is
would be if admitted as a whole. As a mat
ter ot fact, Texas furnishes nojiareoedent
whatever for Dakota. A provieloiTwas made
when Texas was admitted into the Union for
its division into five states whenever tbe peo
ple deBired it, but they have never desired
it. The whole of Dakota is included in one
territory at tbis time simply
its area
V.'.IK so defined more tban a quniter of a
century aeo, before its civilized inhabitants
numbered 5,000. Had it been divided into
two territories, no one would advocate for
an instant the idea of forming both sections
of the territory luto the Union as
one state. Is there anv serious inten
tion of uniting Idaho' with Montana
or Washington or Wyoming with Utah and
forcing the two into the Union as one state*
Tbe proposition to force the people of Da
kota into one state against their expressed
will or to deny them their rights is simply
the exercise of arbitrary power, and can
almost be compared with sheer brute force.
It is repugnant to the spirit, as well as the
letter of our law and government We are
told, in the majority report of this commit
tee during the Forty-ninth oongreis. that
each and every portion of the balance of the
united states han as much right to sav what
boundaries and urea the new states shall
have. It Is a pertinent Inquiry as to what
methods these gentlemen propose to take
for ascertaining the wishes of the country
upon this subject One thing is quite manifest
—the wishes of the people of the proposed
state are to be disregarded if possibla What
would Jefferson say to this? What would
Dourlas say? What does the ordinance of
1787 say? What does the Louisiana treaty
What did Michigan say when congress
undertook to mark boundaries? "And
what did Iowa and California do regarding
tbe boundaries of their respective states?
Iowa voted to stay out ot the Union rather
than adopt tbe boundaries marked out for
.her by oongres», and congreys conceded what
'she wished. All the answers have been one
way, and tbat is, the will of the people of
the territory and proposed state expressed
within the principle of policy of the govern
ment, the constitution and treaties, su
preme To thwart it is usurpation to tnsist
upon it is tyranny. To adopt tbis principle
would be the end of our state government
The report gives a table showing tbe pro
ductions of South Dakota the past year.
BmuaoK, Feb. 2L-^nie nipiwii»o
ren'dered its decision in the tamonS lodsl ojM: '. ...
tlon case, sustalulngtbe law in the folld«w
-1* .«• HAMAS' OOBPUS A®®
Case from Grand Foitcs: Territory of Dakota^®
ex rel Patrick MoMahon ya Michael J. 0
nnr. a deputy sheriff of Grand Forks Oounw.^fe
The petitioner. Patrick McMahon, was
rested upon a wsr.*ant issued by a juatioe of
the peace
ot Grand Forks county upon.'i
complains filed
tfte siild
with v.oiation of
at tiie
|)»ti(ilOM||.|| i&a
the provisions of tbelowj:^^^
v, and he having been beld to:aa» Miiii
next term of the distriot court ot
v. he hassued out of this court oTnf.
writ of habeas corpus, alleging his imprison-. /f|
ment to be Illegal upon tbe grounds, fifist i!
tbat said act of the legislative assembly
is unconstitutional and void seeond, that
said aot was never enacted by
the legislative assembly of tbe territory to ^|j
der the flrt head. It is sufficient now to
say that the organic aot of tbe territory Is
far a constitution in character, and the
temporary government thereby, created,!®
so far sovereign that it has the power
to enact any and all laws- in the
natnre of police regulations not in conflict
with ifce statutes and constitution ot the
United Stales that the power of legislation
which extends to. all rightful subjeote of
legislation includes polloe powers that the
prohibition of the sale Of intoxicating liquors
is a rightful subject of lesislation and Is
included wltbin the general grant of legisla
tive power granted the tertltOries mat
police regulations are necessarily local
in their character and oottld not
well be exerowed by congress over ail its
outlying territory: that lc intended to and'
must necessarily have placed somewhere'
outside of congress, but subjecf to its ulti
mate control, the power ot regulating, the.
affairs of municipal concerns in a n^anner
and bymeam adapted to and in conson
ance with the character and necessities
of -the different localities and peopletobe
affected thereby. This law is not open to
the objections tnat impairs the right of pri
vate property farther than all prohibition
laws may DO open to a similarobjectlou. "It
rests upon the fundamental principle that
everyone shall so use his own as not to
wrong and Injure another." (Muar'er vs State
8 sup. rep. 300) We have on to inquire as
to the legality and not the expediency of
legislative enactments, and tbat tbe laws
regulating or prohibiting the sale of intoxi
cating liquors are within the olass of right
ful subjects of legislation is now too firmly
established by- uniformity of notion
both bv the legislature and the courts to be
now ueuied by this tribunal. Nor Is it, as
suggested, in contravention of tbe revenue
law wbich errant licenses to sell intoxicating
liquors. They were never presumed to grant
authority to do tbe acts licensed, but con
merely through the means employed for its
collection. It is not a delegation of legisla
tive power, nor is the law within the prohi
bition of congress upon special legislation.
Under our theory of government tbe munici
pality always had the power of local gov
ernment General legislation is often
uusulted to the requirements of
a large and spareely settled country, and
when suoh legislation is purely police In
character, it is not in violation of congres
sional legislation, but is general in charaoter
though local in execution. Nor is the claim
open to tbe last and final objection that
It was not enacted in conformity with the
organic act and laws of tbe
United States, it is true that the journals
are silent as to some steps which it urged
the court must say were neeessary to its en
actment by the joint action of the two houses
of the legislative assembly. The court does
not necessarily take judicial knowledge of
the rules of the legislative assembly so far
as to determine that tbe aot could
not huve been passed in accordance there
with, contrary to the certificates of th offi
cers of those bodies. The journals are merely
sileut they do not contradict the uinheutic
ltyof the acts given thereto by tbe signa
ture of the president of the council, the
speaker of the house and tbe executive
himself. If this court can examine
the journal of the legislative as
sembly In any case to determine whether an
act was actually passed, it 1h sufficient for
this case to say it wilt not declare the law
Invalid by reason of the failure of the
journals to record its passage, and
in absence of any affirmative
record that it did not secure the.
concurrence of both houses we cannot say
that the certificates of the sworn officers of
the two departments of the government do
not upon their face impart verity. The de
fendant must be remanded to tbe custody of
the officer until discharged by due course of
All the judges concur except Judge
Thomas, wbo dissents on the ground that
the law is in conflict with the organic aot of
the territory, which forbids the legislature
from passing any act Impairing the rights of
private property.
In the case of Burton B. Chamrlon, an ap
peal from Minnehaha county from a decree
granting an injunction against selling liquor
under the loc-il option law, the following
decision, wbich settles the dispute aa to
special and general laws. The judgment
In this case must be affirmed, following the
opinion of the court in the case of the Ter
ritory, ex reL Patrick McMabon vs. Michael
J. O'Connel, and the court further holds that
chapter 72, the Laws of 1887, Is amenda
tory of and must be construed as a part
of chapter 20, of tbo Laws of 1870, and
that the latter as amended Is subject to
and modified by the local option law
in so far that while tbe penalties prescribed
by the act of 1870 are continued in force
the proviso of tbe sixth section of the said
law repealing all acts, special and general.
have the effect to so far modity the charter
of the city of Sioux Falls as to make said
local option law operative therein.
FAEOO, Dak., bpeciul Telegram, Feb 21-*
The news from Bismarck announcing
tbe decision of the supreme court
upon the local option law attract
much attention here to-day. Thie
decision destroys tbe last hope of the
saloonkeepers Many feel that the case has
been pushed too rapidly. Saloon men gen
erally state that they will observe the law.
A decision was entered on tln 2fth
in the Uuited States Supreme Court up
on the application for a rehearing ot the
case of William D. Andrews and others
against George Hogue, which is widely
known as "tbe driven well case." This
court held that the patent ins tied to Nelson
W. Green in 1871 lor improvement' In the
method of constructing artesian wel's was
invalid, because the invention covered by
it was in public use more than vo years
beiore Green applied for a |..itent. The
court, after an exhaustive review ot the
whole case, adheres to its decision and
denies tho application for a rehearing.
Opinion by Justice Blatchford.
Rochester, N. Y.. Special. A recurrence
of the
disturbance which first
peared on Dec. 3 and 4 is reported by H.
C. Maine. The group of spots had fairly
come into view by the sun's rotation when
the tornado at Mount Vernon, 111., occur
red on the afternoon of the 19th. Consid
erable magnetic disturbance was observed
here on the 20th.
John Whipple came to Battle Creek,Mich„
formed the Pembroke
knitting mills. Several wealthy citizens
took stock, and Whipple was elected presi
dent. He is now missing, and it is alleged
is a defaulter to the extent ot from $10
000 to 920,000.
At West Mell ville, La., the boiler in tho
shingle mill of B. Bemeiss exploded, in
stantly killing C. Hills, John Stevenson
and Seymour Banks, and more or less
seriously wounding thirteen others.
Laborers on the defaulting Rocky Fork
road are denied any more food by Yellow
stone couuty, and violence is feared.
The news of the ordering off of tbe strike
great satisfaction to the majority ot
miners at Shenandoah, Pa. There is only
ft small portion dissatisfied. President
Corbin, of the Reading road, makes a
sonal donation of *20,000 to the suffering
families of striking mint.re.
Lord Stanley, the new governor general.
°?e.k' theliead of a refuge for fallen worn- j-™,,
en in that city, hns been arreste%l for con- 4'af
t0 theCreatert
•CR.nda1' Pastor Wan-.
h»»"n and allow*-
k* Indulge in secret de- w&A
implicated. directors ot tbe refuge am

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