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'.mi^ ,m ml&J •$$N1 •te A W' 1 •••vjV.r 2&v Cflv.v & „fiP' Extract from the diary of & traveler: 1 crossed over into StUlhope county, Kentucky, and fdr tlmr I found deep interest in the contemplation of the Boenery.. Every turn of the bridle path presented a new beauty to me and every heavily timbered slope held a grandeur of landscape, but after awhile I became tired. I wanted to more evidences of the civilization •df man. I wanted to smell a boiling pot. After awhile I came to a house. It was a mean looking structure, built •of Ion,' but the sight of it was most pleasant to me, for I had heard of the hospitality of this wild region, and I knew that 1 should find no difficulty in getting something to eat I had dis mounted and had tied my horse to a •sapling before the house showed any signs of life. Then a man came out He was lank and wiry-bearded, had a nose that resembled a hawk's bill and wore boots that must have taken into their construction at-least half of the hide of an average steer. He came forward, wiping his hands on his trous ers, and I saw that he had been greas ing his boots with tallow. "Mawnin\ mawnin'!" he exclaimed, 'Vow are you?" Just then, discovering a dog, I drew back. "Come right an he won't hurt •you." "But he will! Look at him!" I yell ed. '-Oh, he'll grab you ef he gits a chance, but his teeth's so bad that he ken only pinch a little. Step right this way." I did step that way, and I stepped in a lively manner too, for 1 could see that nothing would do the dog more good than to Vpinch me a little." "Thar ain't nobody ai home but me and Zib thar," said" the man. Zib was a small boy. "Wife and Nance air down on the branch washin1. We gin erally make it a pint ter wash ever' summer whuther the clothes needs it ur not, water's so powerful cheap an' wood don't cost nothing.' Wife's got a putty good axe, too, an* she's a mighty peart hand in makln' the chips fly." "I would like to get something to eat," said I. "Yas, you shall have some thin' too, I've got a pone uv co'n bread in thar, an' we'll git a piece uv midlin' putty soon and fling it here on the Are. What's yo' business?" "I am not in any business at pre sent" "Ain't no candidate, I hope." "No." "Ain't got no new churn-dasher that would knock butter outen stump water in five minutes." "No I have nothing to sell." •'I hope you ain't round buyin' dried fruit with plugged money." "I am not trying to buy anything." "Was you ever in any business?" "I have been a school teacher." "Good!" he exclaimed. "Come here, Zeb (calling the boy). Come here an' show this4 gentleman how much edycation you've got. Thar ain't no school in this section an' I have been a teach in' uv him myself. Oh, I'm determined that he shan't go out in the world without any edycation. Now, let's hear you spell gun." "G-u-n." "Right. Oh, he ken knock the fur offen spellin'. Now spell shoot. "S-h-u-t-e." "You are wrong," I struck in. "What!" the old fellow exclaimed. "I say he is wrong. S-h-o-o-t is the way." "Look here, you air a blamed aberlitionist, that's what's the matter with you. Whut! you come here tryin' ter pizen the minds of the young folks? Have you come here ter t'ar down the gre't work that's been built up? Hand me that gun, Zcb." I do not know whether or not Zeb handed him the gun, but I know that the old dog could not have caught me as I was getting out of the yard.— Arkansaw Traveler. The Valley of Shadow. Today the heart of the nation is moved with sympathy for the sufferers by the greatest calamity that has ever yet visited this country, turning a beautiful valley, the abode of indus trious thrift and contentment, into a vast charnel house, a valley of shadow The mind stands appalled at the stu pendous ruin wrought, ana the thou sands of lives blotted out from the record of the living by that terrible flood which has devastated the Cone maugh region. Earth has had before its Black Fridays, but henceforth Fri day May 31, 1889, will figure in Ameri can history as the blackest and gloomi est Friday this continent has ever known. Time will fix the responsibility for this terrible catastrophe where such responsibility rightfully belongs. The present duty is not so much that of dealing with the cause, as with the effect The present duty is the sepulture of the dead and the care of the living, and to strengthen the hands of those who have charge of the exe cution of this duty, money is needed, and is being munificiently supplied. It needs but the cry fo^elp from any section of the couutry w^rove the tie of kinship that binds the heart of the people. Sections may antagonize each other in business rivalry, sectional prejudices may erect harrier to the freest unity of sentiment but in the face of a calamitous visitation to any particular section all barriers are swept away, and there is no other riv alry than that of benevolence, a warm hearted competition for the honor of doing most for the afflicted locality. The sufferers are /or the present the nation's wards, and the honor of the country and every sentiment of hu manity appeals in their behalf. How well that appeal is being answered the tide of monetary assistance that is Betting in toward Johnstown well at tests. Boston has always been a prompt and generous city in respond ing to the needs of- every afflicted lo cality, be it the fever-stricken south, the cyeione orbltsxardhewept west, ot the cities suffering from earthquake, fire or flood, and that same prompfe. ness, that same open-hand benevolent that .she has shown so often before! she is showing to-day in behalf of that valley of yloom and shadow, the Conemaugh region—American Culti vator. Ten Good Things to Know. 1. That salt will curdle new milk hence, in preparing milk porridge, gravies, etc., salt should not be added until the dish is prepared. 2. That clear boiling water will re move tea stains and many fruit stains. Pour the water through the stain, and thus prevent it spreading over the fabric. 3. That ripe tomatoes will remove ink and other stains from white cloth also from the hands. 4. That a tablespoonful of turpentine boiled with white clothes "will aid in the whitening process. 5. That boiled starch is much im proved by the addition of a little sperm, salt or gum arable dissolved. 6. That beeswax and salt will make rusty flatirons as clean and smooth as glass. Tie a lump of wax in a rag and keep it for that purpose. When the irons are hot rub them first with the wax rag, then scour with a paper or cloth sprinkled with salt 7. That blue ointment and kerosene mixed in equal proportions and applied to the bedsteads is an unfailing bedbug remedy, as a coat of whitewash is for the walls of a log-house. 8. That kerosene will soften boots and shoes that have been hardened by water, and render them as pliable as new. 9. That kerosene will make tin tea kettles as bright as new. Saturate a woollen rag and rub with it. It will also remove stains from varnished fur niture. 10. That cool rain.water and soda will remove machine grease from wash able fabrics.—The Sanitarium. The Value of Short Words. We all know how to talk, and there is a certain quota of words put on the tongue of every man just as the sons is given to the canary bird or to the robin. But beyond the song these birds cannot go. And beyond the natural speech, or the words which nature gives to every one. the illiterate human being cannot go. His vocabu lary is limited until he becomes a student. Then it begins to widen, and there is no boundary line to its possi bilities. The writer who imagines he can give additional emphasis to a com position by the use of large words is greatly mistaken. The economy of the reader's attention is absorbed in under standing and applying these big words, and there is little of the mental energy left with which to digest the idea which these long words contain. The picture which is brought before his mental vision is therefore dim and un certain. If the writer would give more prominence to the idea and less to the verbal frame in other words, if he would use simple language, which by contrast would bring out the idea, he would not only economize his reader's mental energy, but would benefit himself by making himself more easily understood. The mind is not able to do more than one thing at a time and do it well. It cannot delve into the mysteries of a many-syllabled word and comprehend the thought in a proper manner at once. Does the man say that he cannot write a book or an article with little words? Then he is very wrong. If he ki.ew how many little words are in the speech of the land hp would not say that he can not find those small words. And it may be said that these small words have more force than the big words, because the soul of the tongue, or it would be more lit to say speeches, is to be found in the short words more than in the long. In this all the men who write on words think as one. They feel that the very life of the thing is shown in the short word. There is no long word that will take the place of buzz, sour, roar, splash, acid, scrape, sough, whiz, bang, rough, smooth, keen, blunt, thin. Each of these words is like the thing which it sets forth, and so it is more strong and helps the brain in its work. —Ex. A Remedy For Snoring. Only the man or woman chained to that rest destroying angel, a snoring partner, can appreciate its sinfulness. The wicked emotions aroused in the soul of the sufferer can not be trans ferred to paper. Could a man or woman preserve their night thoughts of the innocent offender during the entire twenty-four hours, married life would be a bleak, treeless, unwatered waste. For this sort of affliction, if made public, a man or woman gets only the same class of sympathy ac corded to malaria—a grinning "That's too bad." There is a remedy for snor ing. and that is bitter, too. Scientists have discovered that sgorers are in variably great laughers and talkers, who exist principally with their mouths wide open, thereby clogging the breathing apparatus with dust and roughening the delicate chords by con tact with crude air. To these good na tured and loquacious sleep killers science says: "Shut up keep your mouth closed better deprive the world of your cackle and chatter than turn honey into gall and make marriage a failure." If this does not cure snor ing, then Bob Burdette's remedy for dandruff is the only resource—chop the head off.—Washington Critic. We Cheerfully Comply. A woman writes the following note to this office: "Last Sunday a gentle man and hie wife called at my home, and during their stay the wife was so mean to her husband that I resolved to behave myself better in future to my own husband. Please' print this for .the benefit of other wives who are at times thoughtless and harsh.,"— Atchison Globe. '-"ari HOW the Oovarhmttit Learns th Rapidity of a Rlfl* Ball. is proper shape for trave ling Col. Flagler and hia offlcera say it ought to go at a rate of 1,276 feet a Second upon leaving a rifle. 1 This matter of speed is very impor tant and if a cartridge is five or ten feet too fast or too slow the quantity of power must be changed. This matter of speed is tested, in a very interesting way. At the northern end of the arsenal grounds is a long wooden shed, in which a distance of 100 feet has been carefully marked off, says- the Phila delphia Record. At either end of this space is a stand something like a tar get with a large circular opening where the bull's-eye would be. Across each opening is stretched a small electric wire connected with a delicate instrument in another room. The rifle from which the firing is done is so aimed that the bullet which flies from it cuts both wires. Obvious ly the difference in time between the cutting of the first and of the second wires will mark the speed of the bullet through 100 feet The measurement of this brief space of time is done by an instrument of French invention called the Boulinge chromograph. When the first wire is cut an electric circuit is broken and a rod which is suspended from a magnet falls a short distance, touching in .its descent a point which makes a mark on its side. The breaking of the second wire lets drop a second smaller rod in the same way. By means of the difference in the marks on the rods it is possible to estimate the difference in the time of their falling, and from this the speed of the bullet per second. There is a provision for detecting any error, and nearly absolute accuracy is secured. If it is found that a bullet has trav eled too fast or too slow that means that there is too much or too little powder in the charge, that the com pression is wrong, or that the atmos pheric conditions are unfavorable. The charge of powder varies from sixty-nine grains, and is varied by as little as a tenth of a grain to secure just the right speed. The compression may also have to be changed. The tests of speed are made through out the day, eight cartridges being fired at a time, and it any error is de tected the neoessary change is made at once. If it is found that the speed is all right then the accuracy of the bullets in hitting ah object must be determin ed. For this purpose they are fired over a 500-yard range at a twelve-foot square target near the river bank. By an ingenious device by which the aid of photography is called in the exact point of each bullet is rapidly noted, and the general average of ac curacy is afterward obtained. Accuracy is, of course, absolutely essential in warfare, and the greatest care is taken to see that each bullet will go straight to the mark if the rifle is properly aimed. I I II. A Peculiar DueL A very peculiar preliminary to a death sentence, that deserves to be put on record, was that in vogue in Franconia in the fifteenth century— that is, in the days of the ordeal, in which heaven itself was supposed to take a hand in the distribution df jus tice. In case a woman had been made to suffer in reputation by a man she was at liberty to challenge him to combat which took place in the fol lowing way: A regular ring was formed for spectators, and chairs were placed for the judges. In the middle of the ring was a hole about three feet deep, in which the man armed only with a club, had to defend himself against the woman, who. was Armed with a stone weighing a pound, tied up in a handkerchief and attached to a slender, willowy stick. The lady had a space measuring ten feet in di amater in which to evolute and to attack. The rules were as follows: If the man in attempting to strike the wo man touched the ground with arm or hand, he made an error. If he made three such, or if the woman succeeded in disarming him, he was declared defeated, and was then delivered over to the executioner to be put to death, which was by being buried in the same hole in which he had vainly attempted to defend himself. But if the man succeeded in thwarting the attacks of the woman, or in disarming her he was declared the victor, and the wo man herself was then the victim, and was sentenced to death and buried alive.—New York World. An Unpopular King. The subjects of the King of the Netherlands are justly indignant at the conduct of their royal master. He was in a dying condition. The undertaker called at the palace and took the meas ure of the august personage. The doctors were unanimous that his Royal Highness was as good as dead. When a king dies in Europe it is a serious matter to all his subjects. In this case more than half of the well-to do families invested largely in the heavy bereavement and mitigated affliction departments of the dry-goods stores. Immense quantities of black cloth were purchased in which to swaddle the public buildings. Just at this crisis the Icing got well mentally and physically. His faithful subjects had to stop working the pump handle of their emotions, and go down into their garments for money to buy fireworks to celebrate the recovery of their lord and master. The conse quence is they ara much more depress ed, financially and otherwise, than they would have been if the worst had hap pened. What that king needs is a couple of New York doctors like those who at tended Bishop, the mind reader. They would have seen to it that the king did not come to again.—Texas Sittings. lwrival sat upon a hatomock In ihcj back yard df the country boarding house. His little fllppered feet patted the gras8 gleefully, and the book In his hand hung lazily athwart the gun wales of the swinging net-work of the aerial couch. There was a cynical ex pression upon his innocent face, and his Titian mustache curled like the tail of a full-blooded pug. There was a titter. It could not be called a laugh. There was a distinct ly audible titter swashing against the leaves of the locust trees above him. It came from the door of the kitchen. No human being in sight and the par rot had never been taught to titter n®r to- twitter. The ugly-mouthed bird lazily winked his watery eyes as he stood upon his swinging perch. The titter was not his'n. Percival wonder ed where the titter came from. He determined to investigate. Slowly he knocked the ashes from his malodorous cigarette. Gradually he permitted his angular and attenua ted form to elevate itself into perpen dicular longitudinosity. Carefully ad justing his eye-glasses, as a confirmed detective is wont to do, he ambled gracefully towards the kitchen. Some one was behind the door. He pushed it, said "Peekah-ah-booah,11 and grasped the embroidered white skirt which protruded. A voice tittered and giggled, and then ejaculated: "G'way fum dah, Massa Fslv'L Ain1 you 'shamed flirtin' wid a yallar gal like me?" Lo, Tlllie the cook came forth and clamped two glistening yellow arms about his Adams-apple-throat and glued two watermelon-loving lips to the thin compression of mouth of which Percival was so proud. Just then Blanchie, his fiancee, came across tho lawn. Per cival has returned to his counter in "The Fair," and will not leave Chicago again during the summer. Facts About Refrigerators. One of the most important articles of kitchen furniture is the refrigerator. Every housekeeper must have one, and in a very short time during tho hot weather its cost can be saved. Some housekeepers experience trouble in keeping their refrigerators sweet and clean. A practical housekeeper recent ly told a reporter for the Mall and Ex press how she kept her refrigerator clean. She said Bhe always selected a cool day for this work, and when the ice is low. All tho articles of food are taken out and placed in a cool place, and the ice is wrapped in a woolen cloth. She then takes out the chambers, shelves and ice rack, and washes them thoroughly with soap and water—a little ammonia in the water will soften it The shelves and rack must be well-wiped dry, and then it is a good thing to placo them in the open air. Wash the inside of the refrigera tor well with ammonia and water, using a pointed stick to go into the crevices. Wipe every part well with a dry cloth, and leave all the doors and lids open until the inside is perfectly dry. Vinegar and water will take any stains off the zinc. To keep a refrigera tor sweet, food that has the least ten dency to spoil should not be placed in it Take care that the inside is well aired and thoroughly dry before re placing the shelves and racks and put ting back the ice. Never put anything warm into the refrigerator it is sure to injure some sensitive article of food. Don't let the refrigerator be without ice. Keep it in a cool place away from fire and sun.—New York Mail and Ex press. Wouldn't Buy Whisky. "Simon," said the governor of Mis sissippi, speaking to an old negro who had nursed him, and who had just ask ed for fifty cents, "why don't you stop drinking?" "Wall, I tell you Mars Bob, I would do dat but I'seerfeerd, sah, dat it mout injury my helf." "Injure your health!" the governor exclaimed. "Yes, sah, disergree wid my 'ternal gestlons." "You are foolish, Simon. Cold wa ter is the salvation of the human fami ly." "Dat's whar you're wraung, Mars Bob dat's zackly where you is wraung. Water is de cause o' er good deal o' de misery o' dis ye re worl'. It swep, de country wider flood.way back yander, an1 has caused er mighty heep o' 'stress since dat time. Tuther day, sah, it rushed down on dat town way up norf yander, sommers, and killed thousands o' folks. Doan come talkin' ter me erbout water,-sah, caze I knows it knows it frum de beginnin', I does. Ef dur wuz ez-mucli whisky c/. dar is water, w'y it mout cause jest ez much harm, but ez dar ain't, w'y I reckon water has got de bulge. But bo dat ez it may, gubner, gim me fifty cents." •'Not to buy whisky with, Simon." "I sw'ar ter de Lawd, sah. I ain't gwine ter buy whisky wid dat money." "All right then, here it is." "Thankee sir, thankee. Good day (bowing when he had reached the door) none o' dis money doan go fur whisky. Too much o' er generman fur dat Gwine git gin wid dis mon ey."—Arkansaw Traveler. He Was Industrious. It is not literally true that Amos Cummings ate cheese and drank beer while sitting in the speaker's chair last winter, but he was certainly abstract ed. He had to write reports of the daily proceedings of the house for the New York Sun. At the same time he was a member of congross from New York. While he was hard at work Speaker Carlisle, merely for wanton ness, called Cummings to the chair while he went out for lunch. Amos took the chair, continued writing, and ate his pio at tho same time. It was unique. Disinterested division.—''Did you divide your bon-bons wlttt your little brother, Mol lie!" "Yes, mamma I ate the candy and gave him the mottoes. You know he is awfully fond of feeding."—Time. •appreciation NSli .. value of ttaMSh vote11 which "influenced his decision" in his refusal- to surrender Moroney and McDonald, the alleged suspects in the Cronin case, to the Chicago officers. A New York news paper criticises the Governor's refusal on the ground that the United States Constitution only contemplates "charge" of crime as the basis of in terstate surrender, and argues that in such a case there is "no question of asylum, as in the case of a citizen of a foreign country, but only the question of enabling a state to enforce its crim inal laws, by reaching beyond its own borders to arrest a fugitive from jus- The men sent from Chicago failed to identify Moroney and McDonald as the persons who rented and furnished the Carlson cottage where Dr. Cronin was assassinated. This proves the trump ery character of the charge made against these men and fully vindi cates the Governor's action. But the London writer forgets that tho Irish in America are divided on the questions supposed to be involved in the Cronin crime, and that every reputable Irishman here desires the punishment of every man implicated in that crime. The New York writer overlooks the fact that the constitu tional provision relates to fugitives from justice escaping from their own state into another state. There was a question of "asylum" in the case of Moroney and McDonald, who are citi zens of New York, not of Illinois, and entitled to the protection of the gov ernor of their state. They would have been denied their rights under the constitution of their own state if they had been deprived of their liberty and surrendered without "due process of law," Gov. Hill did his duty in the matter firmly and well.—New York World. An Extraordinary Railroad. One of the most interesting achieve ments in modern engineering is the electric mountain railway recently opened to the public at the Burgenstock, near Lucerne. The rails describe one grand curve formed upon an angle of 112 degrees, and the system is snch that the journey is made as steadily and smoothly as upon any of the straight funicular lines. The Burgenstock is almost perpendicular—from the shore of Lake Lucerne to the Burgenstock is 1,330 feet and it is 2,860 feet above the level of the sea, The total length of the line is 938 metres, and it com mences with a gradient ot 32 per cent, which is increased to 58 per cent after the first 400 metres, this being main tained for the rest of ths journey. A single pair of rails is used throughout and the motive power, electricity, is generated by two dynamos' each of twenty-five horse power, which are worked by a water wheel of nominally 125 power, erected upon the river Aar at its mouth at Buochs, three miles away, the electric current being con ducted by means of insulated copper wires. The loss in transmission is estimated at 25 per cent—New York Sun. Cars Run with Sails. A Washington correspondent of tho Philadelphia Telegraph was recently looking at some models in the National Museum of curious cars used in the early days of railroading in this coun try, when Mr. Watkins, the curator, pointed out one particular one that had a mast and sail. Experiments with such cars were made on the Baltimore & Ohio road and on the South Carolina road. It was then a serious question whether the motive power on railroads would be sail, horse or steam. The steam locomotive was still looked up on as an experiment Sail cars are used to-day on a guano railroad on the island of Maiden, in the south Pacific. They are, in fact, used nearer home than that, for rail road men at Barnegat beach, when the wind is favorable, frequently ride over the road on construction cars—sloop riggid. "The wind has a good deal to do with railroading even to-day," Mr. Watkins said. If you go to the bureau of intelligence at the Broad street station, Philadelphia, and ask whether some train, say from New York, is likely to be on time, you may be in formed that it is likely to be four or Ave minutes late, because there is a strong wind from the west. Winds make considerable difference in the running time of trains. What They Caught Four deluded youngsters On a summer day, Just to go a-fishing Slyly ran away. Willows, worms and tackle To their work they brought, And, if you'll believe me, Ttais is what they caught. Tommy caught a wetting, He was overbold Jimmy caught a scolding Jonnny caught a cold Harry caught a whipping. Much against his wish, But with all their trouble, Mo one caught a fish 1 The Diamond Spark. Tiny diamond sparks are being nsed affectively by way of simple ornamen tation. They are set in silver, and a single row worn about the throat looks like a cortinuous line of light. A sea son's debutante worn at a late dinner dance a costume of tuile, from its pe culiar lustrous, silvery quality called moon tulle. A fine strand of diamond sparks encircled her slender white throat, three or four of the same be jeweled silver threads were twisted about her arms the several small wrought silver combs that caught her dark coils of hair were likewise be diumonded, and wee gems sent their irridescent gleams from the tips of her dainty satin shoes. Debutantes are not supposed to borrow their brilliancy from gems but so delicately were these sparkles added that they seemed quite in keeping with the weaver's youth and freshness.—Table Talk. 8ah Tiin^w"1ffifriSaii l*1"' Iii 1865, when the telegraph was comparatively anew thing in South era California, the operators of. the Los Angeles circuit found their com munication suddenly cut off. Line men were sent out to discover the b^eak and effect repairs, but they re turned with the surprising intelli gence that the break was a serious one, and called for a lot of supplies. About a mile of wire and poles had disappeared as completely as if the earth had opened and swallowed them up. Further search showed no trace of the missing materials, and at considerable expense new ones were furnished, and the line was re constructed. Then a detective was employed to investigate the mystery. The coun try was nothing but a desert, and the detective worked for three weeks without success. At the end of that time, however, he stumbled upon a small ranch, at which he put up for the night. He found the ground inclosed with a neat wire fence, and in the morn ing taxed the ranchman with having stolen the telegraph. The man ad mitted the fact at once. "Oh, yes," he said, "I've been liv ing here nigh onto three year, and have watched the old telegraph wire all that time. I never see nothing go over it, and reckoned it wasn't used." There seemed no reason to ques tion the man's sincerity, and the de tective contented himself with giving him a lecture on the invisibility of the electric current. The case was reported to headquarters, of course, but no prosecution followed. Area of Cultivated Land. Some interesting statements re garding the extension of the area of cultivated land in the United States are presented in the May re port of the statistician ofthe depart ment of agriculture. It appears that the area under the four principal arable cropB—corn, wheat, oats and cotton—increased from 128,000,000 acres in 1879 to 159,000,000 acres in 1885. This represents an expan sion in nine years of the area under these crops of 31,000,000 acres, or an extent of land more than equal ing the entire area of thethreenorth era New England states. The in crease in the area under corn, oats and cotton is greater than the total area of the state ot Ohio. This strik ing result leads the statistician to make the further calculation that if the increase in all tilled and grass land has been in the same proportion as that in the four crops mentioned we have now a total area of improv ed lands in farms of 356,000,000 acres, as compared with 285,000,000 acres in 1878, or an increase almost equal to the surface area of New Eng land, New York and New Jersey, equaling the entire area of improved land in 1880 to the eleven cotton states, with the addition of Delaware and Maryland. The figures of the coming census dealing with the agri cultural area should present some in teresting comparisons with those of the last census year.—Bradstreet'a The Sioux Opening, It is given out that arrangments are being perfected to run excursion trains from the principal points in the East to the Sioux reservation immediately after the issuing of the proclamation by the president de claring the law in force by virtue of the ratification by the Indians. The traveler of the St. Louis paper, who has been writing up the situation, anticipates that in thirty days the good lands will all be taken by the homesteaders. If it is meant that the bulk of the 11,000,000 acres is desirable land, this would presume a rush andscramblesuggestiveofOkla homa. No doubt there will be some eagernees to secure claims there, but there are no present indications of such a flocking. The fact that only the homestead feature of the land laws will be operative will check the rush. The urgency for the opening is not so much due to the need ot oc cuping the lands, as it is of opening communication with the Black Hills. The good lands will all be taken in due time without special effort. Why Congratulation Was Delayed, Washington Post. We desire to convey our most humble apologies to the esteemed Maharajah of Bangapore for whut may seem to him like an omission of the international amenities on our Kad art. But the fact is, we had not time to congratulate him on his forty-sixth marriage when the news of his forty-seventh came to us, and we didn't like to send congratu lations done up in bunches, like rad ishes, lest it might seem our heart was not in them. If the Maharajah will let up on marrying for a few moments end give us a chance to catch up, we wiu try very pleasant little conventional duties. The old horse-shoes that accumu late on a farm are not past their usefulness. They will do to strength en a post that has a tendency to split at the rail holes or to make a grape trellis. Nail one side to the side of a post and lay light poles across from one side to the other, resting in the arch of the shoe, which is nailed on upside down. The ad vantage of this trellis is that a deli cate vine can be dropped to the ground and covered with manure in the autumn, by simply taking the poles out of their rests, and in the spring the poles may be replaced and the vine retained. A poorly-kept hedge is worse than no ferice at all, besides being a posi tive injury to the land. ago my wiife,whdv lounge? ''nSa^r'Wn.'^llMtt^: head that^ier old man ought to himself up a bit Our daughter going to get'married, and she I ought to try and look as peart ss possible at the wedding. •What can I do?" SaMX-'^'^r* •Color your hair and whiskers,*1 -Sl'MI said she. "She had read an advertisement ia some paper about a wond*erful hair dye, and she went to the drug store and bought a bottle of it I didn't have much faith in it, but just to please her I tried it I put some oa my whiskers and awaited results. t|i The next morning. I got up, washed myself, and takftg a German silver comb out of my pocket found It turned black. Then I discovered that I had daubed my shirt bosom and cuffs." "How did your whiskers look?'* some one asked. "There was a streak of black across both knees of jny nankeen trousers,** continued the old man. "But the whiskers?" "Took out my sliver watch and thn-t was tarnished." "Were.your whiskers colored? that's what I want to know." "Had occasion to use a little change. Pulled out some silver pieces from my pocket and hanged if they hadn't turn ed blaok, too.'' "Your whiskers, were tbey—" "A silver pen in my pocket looked as though it had been through a fire.1* "Did the hair-dye color your—" "My finger nails resembled the mourning wafers folks used to use." "Can't you tell me how your whiskers looked?" "Found some black spots on the cai» pet and on the wall paper, and some of the furniture was stained with it" "Your whiskers were dyed, weren't they?" "Thunder, no! I had blacked every* thing else but the whiskers, and they had washed out grayer than ever. I threw the stuff away and have never tried hair-dye since."—Texas Sittings. Let Women Try if they Want to. "One of the most absurd arguments used against a girl who wishes to be come a physician," said a blue-eyed, fair haired medical student in petti coats the othey day, "Is that thl disa greeable sights and experiences of the dissecting room, if they do not alto gether overpower her fortitude. will coarsen her feelings and destroy her delicacy. Bah, I say, to such mawkish sentimentality. No one thinks it hardens a girl to nurse a sick person, and yet I tell you that in ministering to the sick and the dying and the dead, in the capacity of a nurse, I have seen sights and performed more dis tasteful and exhausting labor than I would have been called on to do if I had been the physician and all the time I knew nothing of that keen in terest in the scientific part of the work which I now have, which so absorbs my attention and thoughts that what is revolting to others is by me almost unnoticed."—New York Tribune. Woman Hands omaly sin forced Science comes creeping to the front and sheepishly affirms what woman's intuition discerned centuries' ago. Science has been bending its back over dusty volumes. It has beea studying earth and air, and water and disease. It has reached a conclusion which woman had practically Indorsed since the beginning, to-wit: That spring housecleanlng is necessary to health that to this yearly regenera tion of the household gods are due ths*" superior health and strength of civil ized nations. Men hate heuseclean ing because they are dull creatures and have only a regard for their pres ent dignity. It galls a man to drink cold tea and eat a cold chop from the corner of the mantel or the kitchen pantry. A man has no imagination his soul cannot override the kitchen furniture in the front hall, or bars of soap, rusty nails, and tack hammers on his library table, and picture to himself the splendor of the afterglow. But science now proclaims that dan gerous disease germs, wicked and in finitessimal, lurk about the habita tations of man, dangers for which there is no remedy but soap, and alkali and water, and a woman with a towel on her head and dust-broom in her hand. Science has silenced man.— Washington Post 0 '1 Devoted Wife A Nearly thirty years ago, before he"V| developed his philosophy of life,. Count Tolstoi married the daughter of a Moscow physician. She directs, con trols, manages everything at the house holds at Moscow and at Yasnaia Polina. She assumes the whole respon sibility of caring for the family, which numbers thirteen children, superin tends their education, and teaches them English and music. Her business ability is also shown by the fact that she has sole charge of the sale, cirqutac tion and distribution of ber husband's books. Nor is she wanting in symj thy for the count's intellectual labors? She Is both amanuensis, revisor and translator. Tolstoi's writing Is illegi-S|| ble to most readers, and his wife re-"*^? writes his manuscripts again and again i,"! until they suit his fastidious taste. In this way she copied "War and Peace," from end to end, six times, and his last work "Life," she wrote sixteen times, besides translating it into French.— Pittsburg Dispatch. Miss Beanly (of Boston)—"Don't you think Tannhauser is delightful I" Ma Porkuplne (of Cincinnati, who is not a teetotaler)—"Oh, I don't know. Milwaukee is about as good."—'1'bo OwL Teacher—"What is an unknown quantlf tyl" Coal dealer's son-''What you vet when you buy a ton *C'ocaL"-GaM«* Days. 43 1 41, H'f il •8""