Good Slogan, but Better One Is
MISINESS ASUSUUILOANS TO FARMERS
Country la in Splendid Position to
Change It to "Bigger Business and
Better Business," If All
Will Pull Together.
Frank A. Vanderlip, president of the
National City bank, sounds a warning
against the fullacy of "business as
usual," but says "bigger business and
better business" is the proper slogan.
He issues a warning. The war will
cause a certain readjustment of busi
ness in the country. Some lines of
industry are developed by it tremen
dously, others are injured. The lat
ter, of course, are the manufactories of
luxuries and nonessentials. These
doubtless will be hit severely, and
those engaged in them should have
the courage to face the new conditions.
Mr. Vanderlip suggests that hun
dreds of thousands of workers tem
porarily will be forced to change their
employment. He says there should be
no resistance to this process, no vol
untary unemployment merely because
the production of luxuries is curtailed.
If a tailor's cutter, for example, is
out of work in his own trade, he should
not permit himself to remain idle when
an excellent job in a munitions fac
tory awaits him. The community
should see that he does not remain
The same process has been going
on in every nation involved In the war.
In the United States It should be less
marked than in Europe. There is ev
ery prospect that the country is facing
a great wave of so-called "war pros
perity," provided the Industrial read
justment is accomplished painlessly.
Whole Country Behind President.
Never was a peace-loving people so
badgered, bullied, crowded and forced
into war without provocation on our
part or excuse on theirs ns we have
been by the Teutonic autocracy.
With all its culmness the president's
address, which will stand as one of the
great papers of history, stirred the
country profoundly from center to cir
cumference and placed him at its head
as Its ordained leader and guide. We
have been longing for decision, cour
ageous and outspoken, and for Inspir
ing leadership, without which no cause
can prevail, and he has given us both.
America can hold up her head in
the world today, and every true Amer
ican, whatever his politics or creed,
stands proudly and confidently behind
his president, who has made even the
many who were lukewarm and re
luctant feel that peace was no longer
honorable or possible, and that we
are to put forth all our force, not only
to defend ourselves, but for the salva
tion of liberty and democracy the
Industrial Expansion Predicted.
We are in the midst of great pros
perity, and that prosperity should be
encouraged and stimulated and not de
stroyed. The issue of an enormous war
loan and the expenditure of the billions
of dollars that it calls for among our
own people for ammunition and sup
plies of leather, gunpowder, tents,
blankets, food, ships and all the other
requirements of an army and a navy
must inevitably lead to a great ex
pansion of our industries, to increased
demands for the products of the farm
and factory and the maintenance of
profitable and possibly still higher
prices, though the rise seems to have
almost reached its apex.—"Jasper," in
Duty Laid Upon Congress.
Let congress realize one thing above
all the people have taken up a tre
mendous burden they are summoned
to a great sacrifice they will be ex
pected to concentrate in a mighty task.
But how about congress? Congress,
too, is on trial. Congress Is called on
for a sacrifice of its normal ways, its
little perquisites and advantages. Con
gress is called upon to make itself
more efficient than it is in normal
times, to cease its party bickerings,
sacrifice its log rolling and job hunt
ing, and to deal with energy and sin*
gle mindedness with the heavy duties
war brings to government. The motto
for congress now must be efficiency
Only One Possible End to War.
No one knows how long this war
will last. It may be one year, it may
be two or three years or even longer.
No one knows what changes in the
relative strength of the two sides may
be brought about by unexpected
events. No one can tell how much
precious American blood may flow
through the war-furrowed fields of
France before the great issue is de
cided. But America can, America
must, make it a point to know that, no
matter when the war ends, it will end
In just one way—In the victory of the
Would Be Good Investment
The open sore in Colombia left by
Roosevelt's method of "taking Pan
ama" Is still festering, and the senate,
in Its wisdom, refuses to take the only
antiseptic measures that can yield the
slightest result. Apparently, there is
no way of convincing these solons that
just as a matter of keeping a clean
record, the United States should make
amends for the wrong done to a weak
er power, and that as a safeguard
against foreign intrigue in South Amer
ica, compensation for the loss of Pan
ama would be a gopd Investment.
Government Work That Requires
Would Mean Enormous Increase In
Nation's Food Supply, Essential
Factor for Victory In War in
Which Country Is Engaged.
In line with the wise and needful
policy of taxing uulmproved land held
for speculation into use for food pro
duction is the work of stimulating and
aiding increased production by farm
The government has marie a begin-,
nlng of the farm-loan policy by cre
ating and organizing federal land
banks. There is a possibility of enor
mous increases of farm production in
the system of long-time loans to farm
ers which has been organized. Time
for the food campaign is pressing,
however, but the process of making
the loans is slow.
The report of President Danforth of
the Federal Land bank of St. Louis
shows slow progress in the work of
uctually utilizing farm loans. There
are applications for $13,000,000 in
loans, but no louns have as yet been
made and the highest expectation of
Immediate loans after the appraisal of
lands Is $700,000.
Not only ought there to be avail
able for loans all the money required
by farmers to increase acreage under
cultivation and to make Improvements,
but special effort should be made to
promote the organizing of farmers*
loan associations. Organizers of as
sociations might be employed to ex
cellent advantage. When the food sup
ply Is nn essential factor for winning
victory In the war, no means or effort
should be spared to increase food pro
If the government should apply $1,
900,000.000 within the next year to in
creasing cultivated farm acreage and
increasing productivity of improved
farms, the money would be well spent.
This sum could easily be raised, with
double advantage, by taxes on land
values and surtaxes on unused lands.
President's Masterly Note to Russia.
The president's note to the new gov
ernment of Russia, In which he out
lines the war aims of the United
States, Is largely an elaboration of his
former assertion that "the world must
be made safe for democracy." He
explains that the United States is not
seeking territorial expansion, indem
nity or reward of any description. We
merely propose to do our part toward
breaking the power of Prussian au
tocracy and Intrigue which, if carried
to its logical conclusion, would menace
the safety of all free peoples.
The president indicates that we are
in accord with allied opinion that noth
ing would be gained toward the sup
pression of autocracy if the Balkans
and Turkey were permitted to become
the vussals of Berlin. We propose to
bring about "the undictated develop
ment of ail peoples." The president
very skillfully points out to Russia
how Germany is using socialists and
others now, to whom it was never even
tolerant before, in the hope of dictat
ing the development of Russia under
the guise of a separate but disastrous
peace at this time.
Country With General Goethals.
General Goethals and the shipping
board seem to have agreed fairly well
on a program calling for a large num
ber of steel and a comparatively small
number of wooden vessels. General
Goethals' decision in favor of steel
ships and against the ambitious wood
en ship program Is based on the argu
ments that the latter would he made
mostly of green lumber, would be
racked to pieces by the machinery and
would be of no particular service after
the war. He further holds that the
steel ship construction program can
be carried out much more rapidly and
As he has a record for performance
that inspires confidence in his judg
ment and executive capacity, the gen
eral public will take the swan song of
the two engineers who could not re
sign the wooden ship preference pro
gram and were asked to quit by Gen
eral Goethals as merely another evi
dence of how hard personal and pro
fesslonal opinion sometimes dies.
America's Position Plainly Stated.
This nation is not proposing to fight
for restoration of conditions In Eu
rope as they existed three years ago.
We want to get to where conditions
as they wen. three years ago can
never exist again to a point where
It will not be possible for any country
or group of autocrats to menace the
peace of the world or of any nation.
"The day has come to conquer or sub
mit." If Russia reads between the
lines It will see plainly the president's
Implication that its duty is to fight to
tbe finish on behalf of human liberty
which so recently has come to that na
tion as one of the first fruits of the
New Conditions Created by War.
In such a war as this democracy
must surrender temporarily some of
Us liberties or take the chance of los
ing all of them permanently.
Senator Knox has expressed the
opinion that in time of war the Con
stitution is practically suspended—
meaning, of course, not thut the con
stitutional processes of government
are suspended, but that most of the
constitutional guaranties can lie sus
pended if rhey conflict with military
necessity. That is bound to,be tbe
case, whatever form of government.
By Geoige Elmer Cobb jl
(Copyright. 1917, by W. Q. Chapman.)
'And the flag was still there!'"
Old, wizened, limping Jed Davis
made the welkin ring as he trudged
along the dusty road. He was no sing
er his voice was cracked and creak
ing, but there was patriotism in his
eye, finely flashing hope in his heart,
soul in the quivering strained tones.
He was not singing the "Star-Span
gled Banner" as might have been sup
posed, but a two-verse song set to a
familiar popular war melody, and each
verse ended up with the words, "And
the flag was still there." It was not
a paraphrase or a parody on the na
tion's great song. It told briefly, but
briskly, of historical circumstances
where the Red, White and Blue had
been placed, and "was still there!"
Now Jed Davis had composed this
new song, "all by himself." Once, after
the Civil war, at a reunion of veterans,
he had written one that had been
sung by his indulgent comrades and
printed in the newspapers, and gnve
him a great deal of Importance. After
that his poetic Instinct had slumbered
until the country called for volunteers
to join in the great world battle across
Jed had been the first to present
himself to the enlisting regulars at
the county seat.
"It's true I'm old an' crippled, but
I want to fight again," he quavered,
and with tender reverence he was told
that they could not accept him, and
old Jed went back home, a disappoint
"It's better that I went," he told
his granddaughter Ivy, a poor orphan
whose bright presence was the one
solace of his old age. "Then you could
marry Elmer he could carry the old
mortgaged place here and I'd be doing
my duty to my country."
"But, grandfather, Elmer will heed
the call to the flag, too, as soon as
they want him," reminded Ivy, ear-
His Voice Was Cracked and Creak
nestly and with pride. "We were talk
ing over affairs only last evening. 11»:
wants to hurry the marriage, so us ii
have me his own the little time unead.
He says it will cheer and strengthen
him to know that he has a loving wife
at home thinking of him while lie
In the distant trenches or on the bat
"We'll arrange It as you like."
sighed the old man. "I ain't much use
In the world any more."
It was two weeks after that, arid
Within that brief space of time it wa*
arranged that a quiet wedding should
Then came the devastating news like
a thunderbolt. There was a mortgage
of $500 on.the Davis homestead, it
had been a matter of pride with El
mer Davis to pay this off when he mar
ried Ivy. With the property clear, his
wages would enable them to get uiong
very well, and Elmer felt that it would
be a duty as well as a pleasure to
provide for the old man the rest of
He came to Ivy with a pale, troubled
face, the day that he learned that a
friend to whom he had loaned his
savings had decamped, a bankrupt and
swindler. All their fond plans were
upset. Old Jed, who was on the roof
of the little house, just finishing set
ting up a* home-made flagpole, over
heard the sad talk of the twain in
front of the house below, and nearly
lost his balance. He had little heart
now to hoist the flag there, the ma
terial of which had taken nearly hi*
last cent and upon which Ivy had
stitched diligently and steadily for
nearly a week.
The flag was hoisted just the same,
but the spirits of the family were deep
ly subdued. The old man wandered
about uneasily. He was returning
wearied and worried to the bouse one
afternoon, when be sat down under
the shade of a tree to rest Bis eye
caught the flag waving brightly in the
"Well, well have to pot our shoul
der to the wheel afresh and trust In
•God," he murmured. "This is a big
country, with lots of chances for the
willing man and—the flag Is still
The words Inspired him. The pres
ence of the flag, a memory the stir
jrlng words of the great song he had
sung with his brave comrades going
into battle, of the one he had written
for the company reunion awoke latent
poetic Instinct in his nature. It was
then that his theme took root. It was
pleasant to muse over it ojid to am
plify it, After that for several days
Jed would stroll to some Isolated place
of woodland, give out the stirring
words of his crude but appealing com
position to the flower-laden breeze and
the chorusing birds.
Then into that fertile mind of his
came a suggestion. The daily papers
had told him that the big city, not far
away, was all aflame with patriotic
fervor. Oratory, melody, sentiment
ruled the times. He recalled the mar
velous popularity of the noble melo
dies of the Civil war. He was too
modest and sensible to get the Idea
into his head that he was a great com
poser, and could write the national
anthem, but why might not his little
effort become one of the many catchy
songs of the moment?
Hence his present trip to the city.
He had told Ivy he had business there,
ami she supposed it was something to
do with the renewal of the mortgage.
Jed got to the city. He had little
money to spnre, and he secured the
cheapest sleeping quarters he could
find, and got his meals at a third-rate
restaurant. For two days he went the
rounds of the local music publishers.
They pitied or laughed at him. Jed
was getting discouraged, when one day
he ran across a- young, active, but
somewhat disappointed journalist at
"Look here," said the keen-witted
newspaper man, after looking over the
song. "I've an Idea."
"Have you, now?" questioned Jed
"I have. Those verses are no mar
velous gems, but they hit the occasion.
Patriotism is in the nir. I can get
credit to have a thousand slips print
ed with the song on them. Tomorrow
night there's to be a great muss meet
ing to encourage enlistment at one of
the armories. They suy there will be
fully 10,000 people present. We'll get
there early and sell the slips at five
cents each. The verses just hit the
occasion. If you get the crowd en
thused and singing your song, you're
The songs sold. Little knots of peo
ple began to hum the familiar melody
they were fitted to. The entire thou
sand went like hot cakes. The chair
man of the meeting suggested that
they sing the song—all voices.
The next day the fertile-minded re
porter enlarged on the scheme. He
bad 25,000 of the songs printed. He
went to leading business houses and
induced them to buy big quantities for
general distribution as a patriotic
Jed Davis went home with nearly
$800 In his pocket. A glorious moon
was rising as he neared the old cot
tage. Inside light showed Ivy hus
tling about. How happy she would be
to hear the news of what was a small
fortune to them in their present hum
The old man suddenly, reverential
ly lifted his ragged cap, for the rising
moon cast a rare silver glow over the
cottage and flagstaff, and the Stars
and Stripes floating in the breeze,
'And the Aug was still there!'" he
sang with a will, and hustened into
the house to tell the happy news.
West Indian Witch Doctors.
The West Indian witch doctor Is a
delightful fellow In some respects, par
ticularly when you do not come under
his "power." There are few things
that he cannot do, or at least pretend
to be able to do, for he combines In
his person the office of priest, physi
cian, and scientist. Some daring ruf
fians add a still more romantic touch,
and lay claim to having personal con
tact with the Evil One himself. Such
fellows are feared because of the in
fluences they are credited with exer
cising over the powers of darkness.
For Instance, If yon have an enemy
—and who I hat lives under a warm
sun has not?—the Obeohman will put
hiin out of the way for you, provided
you pay him his price. This varies ac
cording to your financial position and
the status of the man to be killed.
Queer All Around.
"It's a queer world."
"What's the matter now?"
"A man just paid me a $5 bill that
loaned him two years ago and had
forgotten all about."
"That's very queer."
"Yes, to think of you forgetting in
two years that you had lent a man
"August," said the mine blaster's
wife, "I shall try to have your dinner
for you a little earlier each evening."
"Thanks, Marie, old girl," answered
August as he slipped a can of nitro
glycerin into his pocket and prepared
(figuratively speaking) to bent it, "I
have felt for some time that I should
like to dynamite earlier."
Changed Her Mind.
"Tell me honestly what you think
of my voice."
"Well, if you'll promise not to be
"Why of course not—but never
Mind let's talk of something die,*
Creed of the Open Road—To do our own
thinking, listening quietly to the opinions
of others, but to be sufficiently men and
women to act always upon our own con
victions.—Ralph Waldo Trine.
The importance of teaching chil
dren to ent and enjoy vegetable food
Is a most important one for all moth
ers to consider. Vegetables add bulk
to the food, holding foods in such
manner that the digestive juices have
free access. Vegetables contain val
uable mineral matters which are In
estimably valuable to the growing
child, in fact indispensable- to a good
body structure of bones and muscles.
The mineral matter keeps the blood
In good balance, supply elasticity to
the blood vessels and do many other
things to the functioning of the body.
The combination of spinach, carrots,
nn onion or two with a little celery
all cooked together is a most satisfac
tory mixture containing the valuable
mineral salts essential to the young,
growing child. This may be given as
a puree, or finely chopped, seasoned
with butter or In a chicken or mutton
broth as vegetable soup.
To remember that the mineral salts
are soluble in water is a most vital
thing, as many cooks throw away the
water in which vegetables are cooked,
losing the very elements that make
vegetable food valuable. A little care
and thought should be given to the
cooking of young, tender, succulent
vegetables, allowing them to cook in
Just water enough to keep them from
burning, and that water should then
le added to the seasonings In the form
sf a sauce. If that method is not de
sired, the liquid may be saved and
put into the soup pot, thus saving all
the mineral elements.
The cooking of vegetables In a large
amount of water and throwing It way
Is a most reprehensible waste, and
ine that should be most soundly con
demned. One of the most Important
beginnings In teaching children to eat
and like all kinds of vegetables Is
that the parents should always par
take of them. Children as a rule can
not be forced Into eating things that
are objectionable, and they have a
right to object If the head of the fam
ily does not ent them, for he is the
pattern and example which all chil
dren love to follow. If daddy eats
carrots and spinach It Is comparative
ly easy to overcome any prejudice on
the part of the children If they are
taught early enough.
The early greens that come first In
the spring are rich In Iron and should
be eaten frequently. Spinach should
be cooked In as little water as possi
ble, not to waste any of the precious
grrrrvo'inmi a a a innnro
sides Populadcy at c!rt stores, fountains and
r?sraur»rf«, B9"n has f-.-rnti v.drorra phce in tii2
iion •(.-. A ianniy beverage—a guest orierhit—a table
c.rmk that goes perfect' with all feed.
suMcstion Svndsy sxpper—Sxraet r?d or
PeP/'crs stvhed with cream c/ieeso and
cSopped nuta or wives, served on lettuco leaves.
French dressing. Cold merit. Toasted crackers.
Be .-o for everyone. A beverage that tastes like no
other soft drink. Pure, wholesome end nutritious.
all-year-'round soft drink.
So.'d in bottles only a:ui batt'eel cxctu?ive!y by
S Facts in Figures.
Slam has 1,800 bank deposit
United States last year pro
duced 1,884,044 tons of glass
California state labor bureau
last year supplied 49,993 appli
cants with jobs.
United States spends $1,000,
000,000 a year to educate 23,500,
000 public school pupils.
There were 9,850 murders and
denths by violence in the Unit
ed States In 1916.
Philadelphia last year spent
$49,896,570 on new buildings,
mostly small dwellings.
There are 263,315 girl stenog
raphers and typewriters em
ployed in the United States.
Where Perfume Comes From.
"Perfume is made out of a bean,"
said Willie, who had been studying
"We don't use that kind," said Mary.
"Mamma gets hers out of a—a—"
then Mary gave it up and began again.
"Mamma gets hers out of a squirting
JOHN M. BAER
An Opportunity to Elect al
Representative of the
About Time to Make A Change in th«
Congressional Personnel. A Vote
For Baer Will Help Do This.
John M. Baer, Nonpartisan Candidate
for Congress, First District, N. Dak.
The one sure way in which the farmV
er, the laborer, and the business man
can secure relief from the manipula
tion of special interests is to have a
champion at court. The opportunity
presents itself to the voters of the
First district to secure such a cham
pion. For the first time the nomina
tion for congressman has come to a
man without any political manipula
tion on his or iiis friends' part. In the
selection of John M. ISaer as their can
didate for congress, the membership of
the Nonpartisan league in North Da
kota have taken the political bull by
the horns and expect to dump him
good and hard July 10th.
Mr. Baer is well fitted for the place.
He was horn and raised on a farm. He
is a college graduate and has a news
paper training which has given him an
insight into the needs of the country,
that will make him especially valuable
at Washington, lie is a clean man in
every respect, is married and has two
children. He is young enough with the
red blood which makes for activity.
His honesty has never been riues
tioned, and his promise to the people
of North Dakota is that in every way
he will do what he thinks is right for
his constituents, particularly, and for
the state and country at large.
The voter who desires real independ
ence in our congressional representa
tive in Washington can do no better
than to give his franchise to Mr. Baer.
He asks your support, not on the
grounds of partisanship, but bcruuBO
he stands for tho welfare of the whole
people and has no entangling political
alliances, with any of the heretofore
directors and manipulators of North
Delicious Peanut Candy.
Aa easily made peanut candy ia
made by removing the skins from salt
ed peanuts and laying nuts la the bofri
torn of a dish. Pour fudge over themi
when it begins to cool, and cut In
Cut triangles of bread, toast and In
the center of each slice place a small
block of cheese. Dash with red pep.
per and put In hot oven until starting
to melt, then serve.
Better Apple Pie.
When making apple pie squeeze 6
drops of lemon juice over the ap-j
pies before putting on the upper crusty
and see how much It improves Um|
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