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Mother Never Really Carried Market Basket, It Is Declared. Times have changed. Johnny and Mary go seldom nowadays to the gro cer or to the butcher or to the baker. Mother rings them up and delivers her order by telephone. But—is the dif ference very great? Is it sufficiently great tr account for the vast increase Jin the cost of groceries and meats and broad and rolis? Substituting the telephone for the grocer boy's daily BRANDED AS MYTH Ihemam Kven Before Days of Telephone Housewife Seldom Went to the Grocery or the Butcher Shop. A voice of protest rises in the East. There, as elsewhere, sundry lecturers have been talking to women's clubs about the high cost of living. Said one of them: "Holierwives could* rcducc the cost Of food if tlioy would lnarkot in per son. Too many marlf& by telephone," This is typical remark. "Our mothers and our grnmlmoth ers," continued the lecturer, "went personally to the grocer and the I butcher. They saw what they bought. And they used to carry It home with them." The conclusion Is obvious, says the Indianapolis Xews. Our mothers and our grandmothers, paying these daily visits to the grocer and butcher, were able to buy seasonable products—and the best of the products—at lowest prices. They made their own selec tions they picked out what they wanted. A woman took issue with this state ment. Others followed. This argu ment, they said, has gone undisputed long enough. As a matter of fact, our mothers and grandmothers did very little marketing in person. The tele phone in their day was not used, to be sure. There were few telephones to be used. But 30 years ago—and even in more recent times—the gro cer's boy called daily, recited some new items of stock, jogged the pa tron's memory with a few questions regarding the quantity of potatoes, sugar, flour and salt 011 hand, took the customer's order and departed. Moth er saw the goods for the lirst time when the grocer's boy, later in the day, delivered them. And in grandmother's day, the wom en protesters declared, four-fifths of the marketing was done by sending Johnny or Mary to the grocer or the butcher. And many of us who are something over thirty and not yet turned sixty, regardless of sex, can find without effort, in the depths of memory, personal evidence to substan tiate this claim. How mauy times were we brought complain!ngly in from play to "go to the grocer's?" And at the tender age of seven or eight or nine, did we do much select ing when we thus filled the household order? Very little, as we recall it. On the contrary, we took what the grocer gave us and hurried home with the purchase, making sure both com ing and going that we kept safely in bands or pockets the little brown book In which the purchase was duly and carefully recorded by the grocer or the grocer's clerk. Visit or for marketing with the chil dren as proxy will hardly seem to Iboiiio of us, now that memory aroused, to accouut for the higher cost of living. Bee's Intelligence Overrated. The intelligence of the cmm I believe in glttin' as much good outer life as you Uin—not that I ever set out to look for happiness seems like the folks that does, ver finds it. I jes' do the best I kin where the Good Lord put me at, an' it locks like I got a happy feolin' in me most all time.—Mrs. W'iggs. TttLLuc. honey bee has boon greatly overrated, according to Everett F. Phillips, who is the government expert on bee culture. He says that this insect really has no adaptability at all, but a wonderfully perfected instinct. Success in bee keeping, therefore, depends upon study ing the bee and giving it exactly what Its imperious Instincts require. For example, the space between the wall of a hive and the comb in which the honey is to be placed must be exactly a quarter of an inch. If it is more the bees will store honey in the space, and if It is less they will seal It closed. In either case the hive must be broken open to get the honey. In No Danger. Stranger (to maid)—May I see the missus, please? Maid—No, sir she's engaged. Stranger—So much the better then, rm a married man and my wife wouldn't want me to talk to foot-looM wanner larifcut. the MORE USES OF LEFT OVERS. If a cereal, boiled rice or cornmeal mush or macaroni, any one or a com bination of two are left over, line a but tered bowl with the mixture, fill with seasoned meat, cover with a little cereal and steam half an hour, then turn out on a hot platter and serve with any desired sauce or a gravy. Any small bits of fowl may be finely minced and seasoned with onion, pars ley, grated lemon rind or a nutmeg, chopped green pepper, all of these or season to taste. Put into shells made of mashed potato and brown in the oven. A snlad is a fine dish to prepare from left overs as fruit, vegetables, meat, fish or fowl can all be used in a snlad. A few string beans, a little onion juice, corn, tomatoes or celery with a salad dressing will make a good combination. Any small amounts of cream may be used as cake filling for shortening for all kinds of hot breads and cakes as well as puddings and if a larger amount is at hand may be whipped into a small pat of butter which will be a most appetizing mor sel, especially for an invalid. Small bits of left-over bacon stirred into a hot breakfast cereal and put into a mold may be fried for breakfast the next morning. If a little macaroni and cheese has been left over, butter a baking dish, add a layer of the macaroni and a sprinkling of chopped meat, a little onion and a bit of tomato if at hand, another layer of macaroni, add a little moat gravy or soup stock to moisten and bake until hot. Buttered crumbs on the top adds to the dish and bake until they are brown. A saucer of baked beans Is not enough to serve the family, but they may be added to a little stock or made into a bean soup. One nice method followed by one family when there are several small bits of different foods left over is to rebeat and serve as they are, placing them on a tray, and each one takes that which pleases him best. TME KITC 1ENI CABINET Deliver us from fear and favor, from nn.'fin hopes and cheap pleasures. Have mercy on each in his deficiency, let him not be cast down, support the stumbling on the way, and give last, rest to 1 Conservation of Labor Supply. If we are wise aud far-sighted we shall enforce child labor laws and school laws more rigidly than ever Just now. We sBall scrutinize and regulate every single use of children In industry, for there must be noth ing heedless in tin emergency about our use of human resources. More than that, we shall stimulate educa tional activity, especially in industrial training, and support as never before public and private child welfare agen cies, if we are going to make the most of the material we have in hand. In short, we must protect, train and develop children now for the simple reason that for the future, both re mote and immediate, we need a more Intelligent and able-bodied set of peo ple than ever. "The nation is under Bpecial obligation to secure that the rising generation grows up strong and hardy both in body and character." is the solemn warning of England, which has been at war for three years, to America, on the threshold of war.— The New Republic. at the weary.—Stevenson. TEMPTING INVALID'S APPETITE. A person In health usually enjoys any good, well prepared food, but one who is ill, who must eat re in whether it is desired or not, is quite another problem for the house mother and nurse. A trained nurso ap preciated the importance of serving all food in just as attractive a way as is possible and it is lier work to attend to such service, but often the overworked mother finds it necessary to be both nurse and housekeeper and she also must know how. The daintiness of the tray and its accessories as well as the food served is of the first importance. Alight tray, large enough to hold all necessary equipment and one easily cleaned, should be chosen. Spotless linen, the prettiest china arranged to look well, adds not a little to the Invalid's pleas ure. A few flowers or one laid across the napkin or placed In a small vase is always a source of delight to the eye, or when these are not obtainable a spray of rose geranium will add to the beauty of the service. In case of contagious diseases, paper plates, cups, napkins may be purchased and after ward burned, with the lace paper dol lies which may be purchased in pack ages, the beauty of the tray need not be entirely sacrificed to satisfy. After the liquid foods which are the first foods for the very ill, comes the semi-solid foods which are cus tards, eggs, jollies, fruits and cereals. Cereals should be subjected to long, slow cooking to be safe food for an invalid or children. Milk toast is an other semi-solid food which is usually enjoyed. One of the important points to re member in serving an Invalid is to have all hot foods hot, and cold foods cold. Often a long trip upstairs will cool the food. It should be carefully covered, or placed over hot water, to reach the patient In good condition. A combination of fruit with cereal is particularly wholesome and appe tizing to an Invalid. Prunes cooked until soft, then rubbed through a sieve and served in a small mound in the center of the cereal, makes a whole« •onie dish. TUB WHI WAR COSTLY NOW Artillery Expense of Modern Army Corps $820,000 a Day. Outlay in Gun Metal and Powder la Heavy and Vast Amount of Ma terial Is Required for the Trenches. When it is remembered that there are today under arms more than 24, tX)0,000 soldiers in the European war. the immensity of the task of keeping them supplied with the munitions with which they wage war will ap pear. It has been estimated that it costs approximately $100 to outfit a soldier. Of this !?25 goes for a gun and $35 for his 1.000 rounds of car tridges. Tiie average life of a uniform A 75-centimeter gun can fire about 400 projectiles a day. Each of these projectiles costs approximately $6. Counting this and the depreciation of the gun, which is particularly rapid, the daily outlay for its operation amounts to $2,700. It is estimated that the 120 75-coniimeter cannon in an army corps, tired all day, cost in mu nitions and depreciation $320,000. In addition to this, each army corps has about forty pieces of heavy artillery. Explosives and depreciation for a sin gle day's work for them totals $500, 000, making the total artillery expense of an army corps i?S20,G00 a day. If the outlay in gun metal and pow der is heavy, It is no more so than the outlay for materials demanded by the present necessities of trench warfare. An oflicer who has studied this phase of the present war carefully says that to put a trench In a state fit for occu pation in winter requires 1,250,000 running feet of 3 by 3 timber, 36,000 running feet of corrugated iron, 6,250, 000 sandbags weighing 1,000 tons and 2-1.000 standards and pickets to the mile. In addition to this, 000 miles of barbed wire has to bo used, weigh ing 110 tons. When one stops to re call the hundreds of miles of trenches which stretch across Europe in difi ferent directions and how often sec tions of these trenches have to be re« built, he can gain some idea of the tremendous amount of material re quired in their outfitting. Another picture of the vastness of the munitioning trade and the Im mensity of the task of keeping the armies in the field and in fighting con dition may be had from the statement that there are now more than 4,000 con trolled munition plants in Great Brit ain alone. Of these 19 out of 20 nev er produced war materials before the war broke out. They employ nearly 3,000,000 men and nearly 750,000 wom en. The vastness of the industry in England is not out of proportion to that in Franco. Although Germany holds 70 per cent of France's coal and some SO per cent of Us iron, France has been aide, by the opening up of new furnaces and by immense Impor tations of ore and pig metal, largely to overcome tills handicap. "The Grape of Brazil." A notable feature of gardens within a certain area about Rio de Janeiro is the jabotieaba tree. The delicious fruit is often known as "the grape of Bra zil" on account of its appearance, and, as described in a bulletin of the United States department of agriculture, is conspicuous from its peculiar habit of growing directly upon the bark, not only of the small limbs but even of the trunk and exposed roots. The tree, growing to a height of !55 to 40 feet, brandies freely close to the ground, spreading into a symmetrical leafy top of groat beauty. The flowers, produced singly and In clusters, often cover the entire bark above the ground. The fruit develops rapidly to a diameter of half an inch to an inch and a half, has a deep maroon-purple color, is covered with a thick, rather tough skin charged with coloring matter and much tannin, and contains the translucent juicy pulp, having an agreeable vinous fla vor suggestive of the Muscatine grape. One to four flattened oval seeds, a quarter of an inch long, are inclosed in this pulp. The fruit tempts one to eat indefinitely, the complaint being that it is impossible to satisfy one's appetite on jaboticabas. Queer Sort of Butter. A queer sort of butter Is obtained in Trinidad, where cows and cream are scarce. This butter is the boiled-down fat of a bird called tiie guacliaro. The Illustrated World says that this bird lives in the darkest caves, and seldom Is seen in the daylight. The young birds are extremely plump and from them is obtained rich fat, the natives' very good substitute for butter. The birds are taken from their nests when two or three weeks old. Alter tlioy are killed, tlu are put on to boil, not In water, but in their own fat. The natives experience some diiiiculty in getting at the nests of the guacliaro, for they must creep through caves and wade through stagnant pools to reach their prey. The lull-grown guacliaro is so timid that no one ever has been able to photograph a living specimen. A Green Rookie. "What's the trouble, sergeant?" 'Tis the new recruit, sorr. ShurO, I tould him to mark time in the drill room till Ol came back and lie's sera tcliod up th' face of the clock wid pencil." Tl 1 under modern service conditions is very short that of the ordinary rifle| is six months. In all of the history of war there never has been such a rapid exhaustion of all of the materi als with which it is made, says the Na tional Geographic Society Bulletin. 5,020 VOLUMES TO 0NC WORKj Encyclopedia of the Literature of China, Covering 28 Centuries la Remarkable Production* The Chinese department of the Brit ish museum library contains a single work which occupies no fewer than. 5,020 volumes. This wonderful pro duction of the Chinese press was pur chased some years ago for $7,500, and Is one of only a very small number of copies now in existence. It is an encyclopedia of the litera ture of China, covering a period of 28 centuries. It owes its origin to the literary proclivities of the Emperor Kang-lie, who reigned from 1002 till 1722. In the course of liis studies of tiie ancient literature of ids country Kang-he discovered thut extensive cor ruptions had been allowed to creep in to the modern editions, and conceived the idea of having the text of the or iginals reproduced and preserved in 'an authorized form. This was a nighty conception, truly, and In the execution It remains unique down to the present time. For the purpose of carrying out the work, Kang-he appointed a commission of learned men to select and collate the writings to be reproduced, aud em ployed the Jesuit missionaries to cast copper types with which to execute the printing. The commission was oc cupied for 40 years in its great task. Before the work was completed Kang-he died, but he had provided that his successor should see the book com pleted, aud he faithfully carried out liis trust. The book Is arranged In six divisions, each dealing with a par ticular branch of knowledge. WATER NECESSARY TO LIFE Astronomer Can Prove That Other Planets Are Uninhabited If He Finds They Have No Moisture. All life is lived in water. Where no water is, no life can be. The nec essary machinery may have been al ready made, as in a completely dried seed, but that seed cannot actually live until water reaches it again. To live is to be wet or, in the phrase of a French student, "Life is an aquatic phenomenon." When the supply of water is with held from living things they may sur vive, but their life is slowed down, as it were. In the completely dried seed life is arrested altogether, yet the creature is not doad. The French cull that a case of vie suspondue—or, In our language, suspended animation. After astonishingly long periods, such seeds will germinate if they are wa tered. The astronomer tells us that our planet is only one of many belong ing to innumerable suns, and he won dered whether this little "lukewarm bullet" of ours, as Robert Louis Ste venson called it, is really unique in bearing a burden of life. There is one path that leads to the answer of his query. If he finds no evidence of wa ter 011 other worlds lie cannot expect to find life there.—Dr. C. W. Saleeby, in The Youth's Companion. Insure Future in Youth. In youth is the time to insure the future. This is true of every kind of Insurance. And success follows the same law. 'Tis true that in youth you have less to go on, but if you don't make tl:e start now you will never be more tliau a "hand-to-mouth" per former. You must be convinced of the worth of your Ideal and then stake all on making it indispensable to the world. You will have to show the world you believe in it. The world may even demand proof in sacrifice. Hesitate and you are lost. Pay the price of your belief promptly and con stantly aud the future will be more welcome in eousequence. It isn't the noise you make that counts—it's the good you do. Even that may be ques tioned by some folks, but you know when it's genuine. So begin now. Keep your ideals high and back them up with the service that commands respect and the world will return the purchase price of your ideal with in terest.—Grit. Worry Often Selfish. To expect sorrow is to suffer from it before it arrives, and when it may not arrive at all it is like throwing our gold into the sea because we fancy that the ship is going down. Perhaps there may be a groat trouble awaiting us next year shall we destroy the en tire happiness and comfort of this year by anticipating it? The dread will not help us to bear it when it comes. Wor ry Is a wrong that we do to ourselves, aud it usually makes others suffer, wi.Lh us. Very, often, it is. absolutely You Will Find BROWN, THE TAILOR In his new location at the old Wm. Hess shop, with a new stock of the latest woolens ready for inspection. We have also increased our force of workmen and are able to give you the best of service and workmanship. DRY CLEANING, PRESSING, ALTERATIONS and REPAIRING, BY EXPERTS selfish. Let us resist" it by all the means in our power, and give our I selves to the things that cheer and strengthen us basing ourselves on the' I hope that when trial comes we shall I bo able to endure it bravely. There 1 are reserves of strength which we too often Ignore, whoso help comes in the, hour of need.—Exchange. Bohemia Favored by Nature. Nature has favored Bohemia per haps more than any other part of Eu rope. Its soil is so fertile and climate so favorable that more than half of the country is cultivated and produces richly. In Its mountains almost ev ery useful metal and mineral, except salt, is to be found. It is the geo graphical center of the European con tinent, equally distant from the Bal tic, Adriatic and North seas, and though Inclosed by mountains, is so easily ac cessible because of the valleys of the Danube and Elbe rivers, that it served I as the avenue of many armies. WISE AND OTHERWISE Bluif is often a good substl tute for brains. A fool always finds a greater fool to admire him. The life work of a wise" man may be destroyed by a fool in a day. Many a man wishes his run ning expenses would slow down to a walk. As the weather warms up the simple life looks more and more like tiie genuine article. It is difficult for a man to got back to hard work after holding a political job for a few years. Transgressors seldom realize the hardness of their way until they look at it from behind tiie liars. While you are waiting for op portunity to knock at your door she is probably waiting for you around the corner. Hard Task Before Commission. It may be that the American com mission to Russia, which is a singular ly nble and representative one, will be of great service. It certainly can assure the Russian people that the sympathies of the great western democracy go out to them in their hour of trial and that the Americnn people have never had for them any but the most friendly feelings. The commission can also assure them that this country has had some experience with Prussian plots and intrigues. We know something about liberty and self-government, and how difficult it is to win and maintain tliein. We know, too, that liberty and self-gov ernment are not the cure for all earth ly ills. But that is a lesson which It Is never easy for people to whom liberty is a new thing to learn. Prob ably no men who ever left our shores had a harder task than that faced by the Root commission. If it only part ly succeeds in performing it, much will have been accomplished. Don't Realize War's Necessities. James It. Mann, the Republican leader of the house, has been having a fit because the war department let certain emergency contracts without waiting for competitive bids. In time of peace this would not only be rep rehensible, but it would be In viola tion of the law. In time of war It Is not only commendable, but the sec retary of war who hesitated to do It would deserve Impeachment. A wnr department that always waited for competitive bids would soon find that the enemy was not waiting for com petitive bids yet there are still mem bers of congress who delude them selves Into believing that the most highly centralized military govern ment known to history can be beaten by the easy and comfortable methods of a town meeting. I All Must Assist in Task. The gift to the army of the choicest. the most generous, the most deserv lng of its young men is made by the nation with most tender and loving thoughts. Every man who does not qualify as a part of this infinitely precious gift, every woman and every growing boy and girl should now re solve to assist In every possible way In the great and enormously complex task of making war effectively. With their help peace with justice may soon reward the struggles aud sacrifices of the men who are preparing for battle. Notice lo Itlddcrs Notice is hereby given that the Board of I fcducation or the City ol' Wahpeton, A. lj will, until the luili tlay or July, lun at II o'clock P. M., receive bids for laying 'and finishing or three new lioors in tiiree or the rooms or Ihe tiraue School liuiiduig Wahpeton, Xj., and for tiie sheeting and 1 ceiling Willi steel ceiling, the base incut room under the western por 1 i-!"' ot V,e.. sa'fl school building, llie noois shall consist of hard maple wood or the best grade and the ceiling must he or the host grade or steel coiling, and the work must he performed and completed 111 a good and ilrst-ciass work manlike manner. Bids must be in writing, sealed, marked bids on Steel ceiling and Floors," and must be received by the undersigned on or before tiie time above mentioned. Each bidder must submit and deliver with hi* bid his certified cheek in an amount eouai to ten per cent of his hid with the under standing1 that said check will be the prop erly or the said Hoard of Education and shall be cashed by it in case the bidder shall reluse to enter into the proper con tiact or lo lurnish the bond required bv law. or by said Hoard. The Board reserves the right to reject any and all bids. Hated June 1017. By Order or the Hoard or" Education. SI. PESCIIEI., 91. C-SS Clerk. Notice to lllddcrs police is hereby given that the Board ol hducation or llie city of Wahpeton. X. D. will, until the Kith day or July, 1017 ar •, I1- receive bids lor Ihe cal cimining of seven looms and three lialN: the varnishing or all wood-work In five roans and two halls and 1 IK? painting or all the wood-work in two rooms and one hall aud all radiators and pipes In all or said rooms all of said rooms and hall ways being located on the second or upoer floor of the Crude School Building in Wahpeton. X. p. Two coals of calcimine and paint will he required and the paint Used shall be made or linseed oil and white lead and coloring matter In the proper proportions. All work must be per formed and completed in a good, first class. workmanlike manner. 1,1 writing, sealed, marked Bids for f.alcimining and' Painting." and must be received by the undersigned 011 or neiore llie time above mentioned. Kadi Wddor must submit and deliver wiih Ills bid his certified check in an amount equal to ten iter cent or his hid with the under standing thai said check will be the prop erty or the said Board or Education and shall be cashed by ii in case tiie bi.tdo" shall refuse to enfpr Into the proncr con tract or to rurnish the bond required bv law. or by said Hoard. The Board ("serves the right to relet any and all bids. Hated June ?!». 1017. By Order or the Board or Etioen'ion. M. PESCIIEI.. Clerk. 2t. fi-JS Nofit-c ol' Morljjaue Foreclosure Sale Default having been made in liio terms ol' that certain .Mortgage (which contains a. power or sale), executed by lilunu U. Quart e. a single man, Mortgagor, to the fergus Falls .National Hank corporations. Mortgagee, dated January ij, iaio, aud llled for record in Ihe ollice ol' the Hegistcr of Heeds in and I'or Hichland i:ounly, .Norlli L'akola, at ll.-.Hl o'clock A. M., 011 May IS. teiG, and Ihertal'lcr duly recorded in Book •»9' ol' .Mortgages, on page :t-J, in that the said mortgagor has railed, neglected and refused to pay au installment of li-uo.ui) due, under the terms thereof on February I, luli and in thai the said mortgagor has railed, neglected and refused lo pay au installment ol' interest due under the terms ol' a prior mortgage 011 February I. 1017 in the sum or and in that said n.orlgagor lias failed, neglected and re fused to pay the taxes levied and assessed against llie premises in such mortgage and lieieinallcr described lor the year l'jlii and the undersigued mortgagee. In order to protect the lien hereby foreclosed, and imisuant to ihe terms thereof, having paid the installment of inicresl due under such prior mortgage and also having paid the aroresaid laxes. in the sum of Si3.7t. said mortgagee has elected to, and hereby does, declare the whole sum secured by the mortgage hereby foreclosed, together Willi with the Installment of Interest paid by It 011 said prior mortgage and the taxes paid by it as aforesaid, lo be due and owing. Notice is therefore given that the above described mortgage will he foreclosed bv a sale of the premises therein and liurtflriaf ter described, at llie front door of the Court House, in the City or Wahpeton, County or Hichland and State or .North Da kota. ai the hour or ten o'clock in the forenoon on Ihe ilh day or August. t£17. to satisfy the amount due on said mortgage, including Ihe Interest due on said prior mortgage and paid bv the under signed mortgagee, and including also llie taxes levied and assessed against said pre mises. and oafd by Ihe undersigned mort gagee as aforesaid, on the day or sale. 1 here will he due on snid mortgage debt. Including the interest paid on said prior mortgage and the taxes paid as aforesaid, on the day of sale, the sum or Two Hun dred sixty-nine and 21-hX) dollars t«J0!).3l). together the costs and expenses of sale, including legal attorney's recs. The premises described in such mort gage. and which will be sold to satisfy the same are sinuate, living and being in the County or hichland and Siate of Xorth Da kota, and are described as rollows, to-wit: The Southeast Quarter tSF. t-n of Section thirty-five (35) in Township one hundred thirty-five (I3n) Xorth. or Range flrty-two 5iM. West or the Firth Principal Meridian The undersigned mortgagee has executed and delivered to C. J. Kachelhotrer. an at torney at law residing and practicing at Wahpeton, North Dakota, a Power of At torney i'or the foreclosure or said Mort gage. which has been dulv filed in the office of the Register of Deeds aforesaid. Dated June J7th. 1017. Fergus Falls Xational Rank. ...... Mortgagee. C. J. KachelholTer, Attorney for Mortgagee. Wahpeton, Xorth Dakota. C-3S or New Idea of Primitive Man. A now idoa of primitive man was put forward by an Irish professor re cently. He states that the direct an-1 cestors of primitive man never went, on all-fours, had lived in trees, and,, by climbing up and down the trunks, cultivated the upright habit of the hu-i man race. He points out that the fore limb was never used only as a sup-' port for the body. It seems qulte credible, however, that they may have gone on three logs, using one as ai hand when required, and this might! account for the general use of the right hand in man.