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GREAT FALLS DALLY TRIBIINK
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR. • GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1,191^ A-A PRICE; FIVE CENT& Clemenceau Champions a Four-Nation League Rioting Becomes General in Capital of Poland Presidential Party Leaves England for Italy CLEMENCEAU ' DECLARES FOR AN ALLIANCE To Be Composed of Un | ited States, England, I * France and Italy. NOT IN UMBO ITU PRESIDENT HUN ^hinks Balance of )Power now Existing Should • Be Maintained. Paris, Dec. 31.—The declaration made by President Wilson in his speech at Manchester Monday against balance of power among the nations is regarded in high American quarters here as a direct rejoinder to the speech of Premier Clem enceau in the chamber of deputies in which he declared his support of "the balance of power" idea and his purpose to make it his guiding thot in the peace negotiations. . . Whether it was intended to be so, it is not known, but the president's speech, coming within 24 hours after that of the premier has led to a contrast between the two declarations as sharply defining two opposing viewpoints on the subject of balance of power among the nations. The textual copy of the premiers speech on Sunday night is now available and gives the following reference on this subject: "There is an old system which appears condemned today and to which I do not fear to say that I remain faithful at this moment. Countries have organized the defense of their frontiers with the neces sary elements and the balance of pow ers—" Great disorders broke out in the cham ler at tlii3 point and Pierre Prizon a s< ciaSist d.-puty exclained: "This is the system which has gone into bankruptcy.* Premier Clcmcnceau continued say ing: "This system appears to be condemned by some very high authorities. Never theless, I will remark that if such a bal ance had preceded the war—that i£ America, England. France and Italy iad got together in saying that whoever at tacked one of them must expect to see the three others take up the common de fense—" The premier was interrupted here by applause and disorder in the chamber, but later resumed. •"There is in this system of alliances, which I do not renounce. I say it most distinctly, my guilding thot at the con ference, if your body permits me to go thtie and I believe that nothing should separate after the war the four great powers that the war bns united. To this entente I will make all sacrifices." The statement of the French premier is 1'. ted upon us foreign to the state ment made a few hours later at Man* cIm iter l .v President Wilson, when the prtsident said: "If the future had nothing for us but a new attempt to keep the world at a rig lit poise by a balance of power the V'bitcd St-itf. would take no interest, l.aer.use &he would join no combination , f power which is not a con lunation of all of us.' MISSOULA MAN IN HALIFAX Victoria, B. C., Dec. HI.—Among re turned soldiers who reached Halifax December ,30 was E. S. Este, Missoula, Mont. Elks Make New Year's S. $60,000 to II Salvation Army Hoar's the war re rttior Army was announced here y&j* Sjmmander Evangeline C. Bjp|a jaey is to be used for war namissioii. of which ex-Governor John K. Tcner of Pennsylvania, is chair man, declared it to iie "in recognition of the untiring, unselfish effort of the .Salvation Army and in appreciation of a great work modestly performed in the name of God and humanity." k PREPARING BILL TO GUARANTEE PRICE OF THE 1919 WHEAT CROP Dee. 31.—Chairman Lever jflgSMppyip agriculture committee an after a conference with flpH|||#0ouston that action to insure Mtt^a^Hfetnance of the government fffiflEwPrHC 1919 crop was being draft ed by the department of agriculture and that he would introduce it in congress within a few days. Mr. Lever said the legislation would authorize the president to continue operation of the food administration's praisa corporation or create a new agency for buying, selling and storing \he i019 crop. A revolving fund of WARSAW MOBS FIGHT SOLDIERS If KILLED Frequent Clashes in the Streets Between Troops and Bolsheviki. - REVOLUTIONISTS PARADE UNDER RED BANNERS Poles Conduct Demon strations at Posen for Paderewski. Warsaw, Dec. 30.— (By The Associ ated Press.)—Forty-seven persons have been killed in the streets of Warsaw in consequence of numerous clashes which occurred between troops and revolutionists. The city ?s at high tension over the shooting today and yesterday by the troops of red revolutionists who were holding demonstrations in favor of the liberation of several interned bol sheviki. This is the first time that such drastic measures have been taken here. A state of virtual martial law exists with the soldiers of the newly formed national j army and the municipal guard patrolling the streets. Cavalry and light artillery ore active, and the artillery has been holding target practice in the outskirts of Warsaw, the booming of which : s intended as a warning to revolutionists who are suspected of an intention to scfize the government. The arrival from Posen of Ignace P aderewski. who hsws been proposed as president of the republic, has served to strengthen the hands of the authorities, who are now passing thru nervous days and nights. It is extraordinary how unpeculiar arc the street fights, several of which the correspondent has witnessed. Many demonstrations in support of Paderewski w»re held at Posen, where the Poles are in complete control. DEMAND RELEASE OF PRISONERS j Warsaw, Sunday, Dec. 29.—(By the j A ssociated Press,)—Sympathizers with J the bolsheviki marched to the Hotel \ P.ruhl in Warsaw today and demanded i the release of six. bolsheviki agents. Po lish troops fired into the crowd after several soldiers had been wounded by the mob, and five persons were killed and a number of others wounded. The crowd, which numbered more than 1.000, paraded thru the streets singing, carrying red banners and crying "Down with Pilsudski!" "Down with the govern ment!" It was composed mostly of young men and young women. They theu'marrh ed to the hotel where three companies of the Polish legion were guarding the bolslievist agents. Leaders of the crowd demanded the release of the bolshevik agents and when this was refused revolver shots were fired from the crowd into the hotel. The • j iTdiers answered with three volleys into the, crowd. REDS ATTACK TROOPS. Paris. Dec. 31.— (Havas.)—Official dispatches received from Bucharest say that bolshevik organizations, aided by Russian anarchists and Budapest revolu tionists. recently organized a demonstra tion in Bucharest and attempted to cross one of the principal thorofares. The revolutionaries fired on the sol diers guarding the street. The troops re turned the fire, and as a result of the fighting six persons were killed and 15 wounded. The ringleaders in the affair were arrested and will be prosecuted. Three Soldiers Die in Wreck of Troop Train Near Halifax Quebec, Dec. 31.—Three men were j killed und 55 injured, some seriously, when a troop train bound from Halifaxj to Toronto with returning soldiers was. derailed near Edmunton on the National Transcontinental railroad today. A heavy blizzard is raging there arfd | with many wires down it w r as difficult I to get reports from the scene of the ac cident. One car of fhe train was said to be completely overturned and nine ethers derailed. Nothing is known here of the cause of the wreck. . ! $000,000,000 for the use of the cor poration also would be provided. "The government," Mr. Lever said, "will buy all of the 1919 crop and sell it at the world price whatever that may be." He added that the government might kse a large sum by maintaining the price, but that it was necessary to keep faith with the farmer. While the worll wheat reserve soon to be released was not now known, Mr. Lever said, Australia has a supply of 3(>0,000,000 bushels and Argentina, India and other countries probably have large .Mocks, the sale jof which might nffect the export demand and reduce price*. REVOLUTIONS AND COUNTER REVOLUTIONS SWEEP RUSSIA FROM END TO END Figure on map Indicates the main centers of activity In Russia—a chaos of revolution and intrigue. The shaded portion indicates the territory now in control of the Bolsheviki forces. It is believed that the first step of the peace conference will be to decide upon a policy to be followed in handling the Russian situation. This country, swept by revolution and anarchy, is rapidly de vouring itself. The map shows the situ ation in brief. 1. French and British naval forces have reached' Reval and Libau and are dominating the Baltic coast of Esthonia and Livonia. WILSONHKD GEORGE 1 HAVE HIT UP QUITE j A WARM FRIENDSHIP I The King Escorts President to Train and Promises to Visit * Him Soon. President Satisfied With Confer ences, but Not Prepared to Discuss Them. London Times Cable Service, Copyright 1918, by Public Ledger Company. BY RAYMOND G. CARROLL With President Wilson's party. Dec. 31.—King George, Queen Mary, Princess Mary and Lord Reading accompanied President and Mrs. Wilson to the en trance of the king's coach on the special train on which the president arid his par ty left Victoria station. London, at 9:.TO o'clock this morning for Paris. The parting was a fervent one between the king and president. They appear to have hit it off and parted to meet again. The president invited the king to visit America after the conclusion of peace. Indications are the kiilg will accept, com bining the tour to Canada and the Uni ted States. The queen patted XJps. Wilsons gloved hand affectionately on escorting her to the train. All the ladies went in first. The chief topic un the train from Lon don to Dover was CIcmenceauB utter ances to the French senate. The presi dent had no comment to make just now. It is unlikely he will comment until af ter the Italian trip, when there will be some sort of a declaration of American prirciples. The president still hopts to be in absolute accord with Frr»nee and Italy, as well as with Great Britain. The enthusiasm of the crowds in London this morning continued to Dover where the second reception to 'he presioent took plrce immediately before the time to go aboard the boat for Calais. Expenses of American Government During Year Reach Eighteen Billion Washington, Dec. 31.—It cost the American people about $18,100,000,000 to run its expensive war government and make loans to allies in the year ending today, treasury reports show. December expenditures above two bil lion dollars, the record of the nation's history, sent aggregate war costs to date to approximately $24,000,000,000. Of the $18,160,000,000 paid out in 1918, probably ten billion dollars went for the army and the general military establishment, about two billion dollars for the navy, a billion for the shipbuild ing program, a billion for other civil gov ernment needs and $4,150 ,QQftjyyg|ft3 to America's brothers in Xhat the public 2, Latest reports state that allied for ces are in control of Kieff, capital of the Ukraine; Odessa and the Black sea fort ress of Sebastopol. «">. Archangel and Kola, northwest of Archangel, are the bases from which Americans and British are fighting the bolsheviki in northern Russia. 4. The latest defeat suffered by tie i bolsheviki was inflicted by the loyal S> More Than Ten Billion Dollars in Minerals Produced in United States Past Two Years Washington, Dec. 31.—More than ten billion dollars' worth of minerals were mined in the United States in 1917 and 1918. This was shown by preliminary estimates for this year combined with final figures for 1917, made public today by the geological survey. The total for this year was estimated at $5,160,000,000 against $5,011,000,000 last year and $3,513,972,000 in 1916. The 1918 output of metallic products, including pig iron, copper, ferro-alloys, lead, zinc, gold, silver and aluminum was valued at nearly two billions of dollars. Several Big War Workers Retired Last Midnight Washington, Dec. 31.— With the end ing of the year 1018 at midnight to night, a number of officials who have served the government during the war retired from office and at least two war agencies, the war industries bOiird and treasury's capital issue committee, ceased to exist. Officials who ended their services in cluded Bernard M. Barueh-, chairman of the war industries board; Thomas B. Love, assistant secretary of the treas ury; Robert S. Lovett, director of capi tal expenditures for the railroad admin istration; Carl R. Gray, director of op erations of the railroad administration, and A. A. Ballentine, solicitor of the in ternal revenue bureau. William Gibbs McAdoo had expected to end his duties as director general of railroads, but he will remain until Sat urday to complete a report of his year of stewardship. The appointment of a successor is daily expected. Dr. Harry A. Garfield, who resigned as fuel administrator some time ago, ex pected <o resume his duties as president of Williams college early in tie year, but no announcement as to when he will (Contlnoed on Pace Two) i one-third of the war's expenses, exclud ing foreign loans, in taxes in cash, and two-thirds as loans to be paid in an other generation, is indicated by treas urv figures. With the last four days of the year not yet tabulated receipts from taxes, customs and miscellaneous rev enue amounted to $4,687.063,000 of which $2,049,032,000 came from income and ox cess profits taxes alone. During the year $6,038,000,000 Las come into the treasury from the fourth Liberty loan and $4,171,000,000 from the third Libertv loan. In addition £13,802, 000,000 worth of certificates of indebt edness have been sold and subsequent!} largely redeemed from Liberty loan rei ccipts War savings stamps and certify. berian forces southeast of Perm, to which town the Reds are said to be re treating. 5. The former Czar Nicholas was ex ecuted at Ekaterinburg, about 100 miles south of Perm and indicated by the fig ure r>. 6. The strength of the Siberian gov ernment at Omsk is said to be gaining, aitho for a time the government ap First Serbian Relief Steamer Reaches Triest ^ Washington, Dec. 31.—Arrival al Triest of the first steamer carrying food supplies for the Serbians and the sending of a special mission to Warsaw to or ganize food relief in Poland and another i j to Vienna to investigate food condition* Inhere were announced in «. cablegram j received at the food administration to I day from Herbert C. Hoover, at Paris. | A commission also has left ^r Bel i grade to take charge of the siLtfc.ition j there. i Conditions in Vienna rr.a also Ru | mania were said to be desperate. Mr, I Hoover said representatives of the j Viennese municipalities now at Berne, Switzerland, stated that food supplies for the 2,000,000 people in the Austrian capital would not last more than ten days. The Swiss government, the cable gram said, proposed to forward at once a week's supply for tiie city. As to Rumania, the cablegram said tlv> American and allied ministers there had telegrafed that they were convinced that the food supplies would not last more than another thirty days, and that "im mediate steps for relief must be taken if the country is not to lie submerged into bolshevism." The way in which war expenses have mounted from month to month is shown by the following table of expenditures; January, 1918 $1,090,000,000 February 1,012,000.000 March 1.105,000,'000 April 1,218,000.0 'O Mav 1.508.000,000 June 1.512,000,000 July 1,00 >S 0!H>,000 August 1.803,000,000 September 1,557,000,000 October ................ 1.604.000,0 0 November . .. \ 1.935,000,000 December (,2,100,000,000 j pea red to be tottering. It still is in need of assistance, both food and troops. 7. General Semenoff's forces, operat ing along the trans-Siberian railroad from Vladivostok to Chita, have estab lished order in that section. The general haE been asked to join hands with the Omsk government against the bolsheviki. Allied forces and Csecho-Slovak troops are scattered thru this region. , - . j ,, j J PUD PREPIi FORCIHM mil FRONTIER Will Oppose Bolsheviki on North and Ruthenians on the Southeast. " i . 1 Poles in Possession of Posen, Where They Have Disarmed German Troops. Warsaw, Sundsy, Dec. 31.—(By the Associated Press.)—Poland is preparing for a military campaign along the Rus sian frontier. The bolsheviki will be op posed on the north and east and the Ruthenians of the Ukraine on the south east The bolsheviki have forced the Poles tc take up arms by their advance into ^ Polish territory. The Poles and Ruthen ians have been at odds sirce the Ruthen ! ians attempted to take Lemberg in No j vember. j The bolsheviki are advancing as the ! German army of General Hoffman re tires. The Germans, according to re ports reaching here freely permit the bolsheviki to advance while blocking the efforts of the Poles to check the bolshe viki. The Germans arj scheduled to evacuate Vilna, the capital of Lithuania, on January 4, but the Poles await per mission from Marshal Foch before en tering the city prior to the German evrcuation. The bolsheviki are advancing rapidly toward Vilna and ire favored by ini'.d I weather. Their advance guar Is are said 1 • to be orderly well clothed and well arra j ed. They have committed no depreda tions except where they meet with resist ance. At Pskov, where the bolsheviki were opposed, they carried out merciless nnssacres. The bolsheviki, it is reported, also are set ding forces to occupy the Baltic ports of Libia and Riga ,m soon as the Ger-1 mans evacuate them. Regarding the situation in Posen (Ger -j man Poland) General Pilsudski, the Pol-j i*li military leader, indicated to the cor-1 respondent that he would follow out there; a firm policy of suppressing any German aggressions against the Poles. Fighting between the Ruthenians and the Poles is reported taking place at sev eral points, especially at Rawaxuska, • r -nnlinwoil ■-.» Cniro Ttt«> ' ;! -! - e - s ) - . . , 'l " ^ 1 ! l ■j i i ": " 1 * - 5 " " ■ ■ ? i 1 - , JAPANESE COMMISSIONERS PLEDGED TO POLICY OF OPEN DOOR IN FAR EAST New York. Dec. 31.—Japan will ente the peace conference pledged to a policy of peace and the "open door" in the far east in the maintenance of which she will welcome the eo-operution of the p'.iies, Baron Nabuaki Mukino, of the Japanese peace commission, declared on Lis arrival here today with fellow delegates, attaches and secretaries on the way to France, His ftnw > ry 's rf ' t > foreign relaUon$VSH|MBHifti. who M a member of mt peers and the diplffl matic affairs, insujS SIX TRANSPORTS LEAVE FRANCE • ■ WITH TROOPS * About 12,000 More Sol ! dier Boys Added to the Homecoming List. SHOULD REACH NEW YORK BETWEEN JAN. 5 UN014 Pershing Assigns an Ad ditional 15,000 for an Early Trip Home. Washington, Dec. 3L — Departure from France of six additional transports, carrying approximately 12,000 homecom ing soldiers, was announced today by the war department. The first of the ships* the Agamemnon, which sailed December 28, should reach New York Jannary 5, and the last of them, the Eastern Queen, j carrying only a few officers, is due at I Baltimore January 14. The transport Finland, which sailed j December 29, and is due at Newport j News January 10, brings Brigtidier-Gen dieral Martin of the 87th division, anJ the i second battalion of the 345th infantry S and the headquarters of the 173rd infan | try brigade of the same division, all en j route for Camp Dix, N. J. The trans port Madawaska, which sailed December 128 and is due at Newport News January S. carries these additional units of the j 87th division, also en route for Camp Dix; casnal companies 113, 114, 1X5, ; -401. 40S and 409 and the headquarters ' of the 174th infantry brigade. The Madawaska also carries 1,150 | sick ancT wounded officers and men, while | the Finland has 919 sick and wounded ' officers and men and these additional I units: Casual companies Nos. 116. 117, 'HS. 120, 405, 406, 407, 410 and 411, and chemical warfare service casual com pan v I No. 2. j The Agamemnon carries the 313th j trench mortar battery, companies A, B. ' C, D. I. K and L of the 35th infantry. 3rd battalion headquarters, machine gun j company and 330 sick and wounded. [ The Santa Marta left December 27 j and is due at New York January 8, and | the Louisville left December 1 2S and ! should reach New York January 8. The Louisville has on board casual s ; companies Nos. 1,00S. 1.009, 1 .068, 1 ,069, 11,078 and 1.071, & number of casnal of ficers and 73 sick and wounded. The Santa Marta is bringing 112 cas j nal officers and one officer and 12 men | of the 1st CeJd artillery. MORE PICKED FOR RETURN Washington. Dec. 31.—General Persfc ing notified the war department today | that additional onits with a total strength of approximately 15,000 men had been assigned; for early convoy home. They | include the 329th and 330th infantry of the 83rd division with more than 50 of fieers and 3,400 men each, and the 4th regiment, air service, including about 16 aero squadrons. The 54th field artillery with 106 «f ficers and 2,429 men and the 116th en gineers and train, 26 officers and 1,600 | (Continued oil F«£« Twai Government Takes Charge of $800,000 German Securities ! New York, Dec. 31.—The largest seiz ure of enemy owned insurance stock was made today when the enemy alien prop erty custodian took possession of ap proximately $800,000 of the resources of the Cologne Reinsurance company, u German owned concern with offices here. The securities were turned in after spe cific demand had been made for them. Resources in this country of other en emy owned insurance companies have been discovered aud will be specifically demanded unless today's seizure causes them to be voluntarily turned in. D. D. Thomas, acting manager and liquidator of enemy insurance companies, tie cus todian said. These other companies failed' to respond to a general demand issued recently to turn their securities over to the government, he explained.« The seized assets will be used to liqui date the affairs of the companies, the residue remaining in the bands of the construction. ITavms established peace in the orient by cleariug Germany from far eastern bases and keeping the Pacific open to commerce, he added. Japan is fully in accord with the allies for a just and lasting wofld peace. Accompanying Baron Makino on liis a rrival on a special train, with an offi cial escort, provided by the state de ■re Lieutenant Genera! nd Vice Admiral Isawu ary and naval rcpresent kai. director of the Bank Klkusabtiro Fukui* and jted Japanese financiers, t party attaches «tfl v - _! - .