Newspaper Page Text
GREAT F A TT .S DAILY TRIBÜNE
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1919. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. President Has Crossed Into Italy Germany President Is Having Tri umphal Journey Thru Italy to Rome. MSUNTÜIN OWELLEAS Genoa, Jan. 2.—President Wil- j son and his party arrived here | this evening in time for dinner. Mayor Massone was at the sta- j tion to meet the train and made j arrangements for Mr. Wilson to visit points of interest when he arrives here on his return from Home Sunday morning.' On that occasion he will pre sent the president a set of richly bound volumes of the work of Mazzini and will conduct Mr. Wilson to the birthplace of Co lumbus and the tomb of Maz zini. The president will spend three hours in Genoa on Sunday. An autographed portrait of Mr. Wil son lias been given a place or honor hi the city hall. Welcomed at Turin. President Wilson is having a triumph al journey thru Italy. His train (To.ssxi the Franco-Italian border at 10:H0 this morning, reached Turin this afternoon and is continuing on its way hither amid the plaudits of great throngs of people along the line. The train was met at the Turin sta tion by the prefect of the province, the j mayor, the general commanding the j troops here and other authorities. Altho the reception to the American chief executive was unofficial, the eta tion was decorated with the Italian and J American colors, while everywhere in the city the Stars and Stripes were flown beside the Italian flag. The president's train left a short time later amid the enthusiastic cheers of a later amid the entnusiasiic cneer« .u u crowd which had gathered to greet the! nation's guest. Villagers Show Vivas. From the frontier the journey of Pres ident Wilson was like a triumphal pro cession. Mountaineers and villagers swarmed from the hüls and valleys to the railroad over which the presidential train passed, to pay homage to America. They shouted "vivas" waving hats and handkerchiefs and flags, and forming picturesque groups which were empha- ( sized by the brilliant sunshine, blue sky i and green luxuriant landscape. j American Ambassador Thomas Nelson j I\i?e, In conferences with the military und naval attaches of the -\tneriean em bassy, left here Wednesday to meet | President Wilson at the Italian frontier.; The visit of Mr. Wilson to Rome was the thief topic of conversation at of ficial Ne«' Year's receptions here today. first peep at alps at breakfast time ! On Board President Wilson's Special j Train, Jan. 2.—(.By the Associated j Press)—The Franco-Italian frontier! was crossed at Modane at 1O:.'î0 o'clock, I this morning, by President Wilsons spec- J ial train. The presidential party was met j at the forntier by American Ambassador | Page, Count Macchi de Celle re, Italian] ambassador to the United States and the Prince of I'dine, who will accompany; the party to Rome. The presidential party caught its first! glimpse of the snow-capped peaks ^f the; -western Alps at breakfast time, while the train was crawling slowly thru the) mountain passes. President Wibon rested, today from the continuous round of activities on his English visit, and is looking forward with great pleasure to his v isit to Rome, / Miss Margaret Wilson is accompanying! the president to Italy. transport brings 3,000. Newport News, Va.. Jan." 2.—The transport Antigone passed' in the Vir ginia capes at noon today bringing from France 8,000 men, including 850 wounded, ELECTRIC DRIVE GIVES U. S. SUPERIOR WARSHIPS Washington, .Jan. -America's cap-1 cause of their electrically driven ma chinery, Secretary Daniels told the house naval committer, today, in disclosing ital fighting ships of the future will be . . .. . .u i guperior to those of other nations, be remarkable residts attained by the new dieadnaught New Mexico, equipped with the electric drive, which is to be a fea ture of all the big ships authorized since 3916. The New Mexico's turbo-electric ma chinery was designed to develop 20,500 horsepower at full speed and to give the ship a speed of 21 knots. RESCUING FLEET TAKING TROOPS FROM GROUNDED U. S. TRANSPORT Orientals in Army Held to Be Entitled to U. S. Citizenship Honolulu, T. H„ Jan. 2.—A writ of mandamus compelling William lîags dale, local chief of the naturalization bureau, to examine for citizenship Chinese and Japanese aliens serving in the United States army will be is sued, according to the statement to day of Federal Judge Horace Vaughn, unless Ragsdale complies at once with the ruling of Judge Vaughn's court that these men arc entitled to citizen ship under a recent act of congress. Ragsdale, it was said, had made no statement of his position. About one thousand Japanese and Chinese arc affected by Jrtdge Vaughn's ruling. I : j IN 7-CENT HI j ; Passengers Eject Crews, Crowds Gathered bv Street Fires „ , „ ; Cut Trolley Ropes. Denver, Jan. ^.-Demonstrations, to- ! right, against the collection of the 7 cent street car fare recently approved j by the state public utilities commission j resulted in a Ue-up of virtually all the j - . Tl lines of the Denver Tramway company, A ctowd of men collected at Fifteenth j and Laramie streets, in the heart of the basiuess district, pulled trolleys fr-u the wires and out trolley ropes, halting all I traffic. ' . . The crowd built a bonfire m the j street, but did not destroy any of the j company's property. As incoming cars; company s prvpeiiy. « reached the congregated district, the line pf stalled cars grew until it extended 35 blocks on Fifteent street, the principal street car artery. The only personal vi">len.^e reported up to 8 o'clock occurred in the stock yards district, where workmen who re fused to pay the increased fire ejected notormen and conductors from the cars, which they then brot into the city and abandoned. Most of the men in the crowd downtown were recruited, it was said, from workmen who thus had come into town. 200 PER CENT FUST Detroit, Jan I.—A 200 per cent dividend was declared by the direc tors of the Ford Motor company, at the annual meeting, December 31, it was announced here, this forenoon. The dividend, which represents a disbursement of $4,000,000 among seven stockholders, is payable, 100 per cent January I and 190 per cent February I. It was explained at the offices of the company, this afternoon, that the dividends just announced are the first of monthly dividends contem plated thruout the coming year. french commander inspecting Paris, Jan. 2,—(Havas.)—General Berthelot, commander of th£ allied .forces in Rumania, according to a Geneva dis patch to the Temps, is making a tour through Hungary to insure the proper carrying out of the armistice terms, He conferred at length with Colonel Yix. head of the allied military mission in Hungary. H UNGARY. "Khe actually developed Daniels said, a speed running at a displacement 1000 tons greater tlian her design called for. The secretary said fuel economy at -'>1.000 horsepower,' Mr. Dan "and maintained for four Lour f 2l% kn0(s , ind this when r cruising speed has been one of the things sought in substituting ele. tric drive for the ordinary turbine equipment. "And I am happy to say," be added, "that this reqirement also was met. As a matter of fact the New Mexico will steam at ten knots on about 25 per cent less fuel than the best turbine driven ship that preceded her." Three Boats Capsize in Angry Sea, as Wound ed and Nurses Are Brot j Ashore; No Lives Lost.! Oil Fails to Calm Wat ers; Those Remaining Aboard Safe and Mer ry; 254 Landed Ashore. New York, Jan. 2.—Battling , j . j i today against an angry sea j which capsized three of their | boats, coast guards from many stations, aided by crews from nearly 20 naval craft, had by nightfall taken safely to shore 17 navy nurses and 237 of the 2,480 home-bound soldiers on the United States transport Northern Pacific, hard aground ! i» j i ii î for two days on a sandbar near Fire Island light. When many barrels of oil spread on the weaves had failed to make the water surrounding !«» vessel measurably calmer the rescue work was halted until morning. Remaining aboard the Northern Pacific are most of the sick and WOUnded. Naval Olfl cerg deemed it too hazardous to " "------- attempt tO remove tue StretCner cases. ; vessel is in no danger aC * frnm Wl u,rpM5 rnm cording to a Wireless from her! commander, Captain Connolly, ,. 0f . 0 î, w l tnnio-ht hv tht> A<t<tnni' received tOMgnt 0} Uie AöbOCl ated Press. D . d .. Flwf Slanil« Rv IteSCUUlg r leet öianufe x>> Another message received tonight by Vice Admiral (»leaves at embarkation headquarters at Hoboken stated that the Northern Pacific had' enough boats of nil classes to land passengers if the sea calms down, which the message predict ed would happen tomorrow. Life savers stopped work at 5:30 p. m. (Continued on Trage Two) LEWIS CHARGES REPUBLICANS, Democratic Leader Says Other Side Is Trying to Discredit President in Europe and Is Aim ing to Fool People. Washington, Jan. 2.—Political caJlous : news so brutal that it' would not have j been displeased to see President Wilson's ! name in the casualty lists, instead of being acclaimed anil honored after his safe arrival in Europe, was charged against the republicans of the senate by Senator Lewis, of Illinois, democratic leader, today, in a speech charging the leaders of the other side with con spiring for partisan purposes to dis credit the president abroad and to thwart his undertakings. He said the republican leaders are trying to create the im pression in Europe that, the senate is opposed to the president's plans and are trying to deceive the American people at the same time. The speech was in reply to recent utterances of Senators Lodge, of Mas sachusetts. and Knox, of Pennsylvania, both republicans, criticising certain of the president's fourteen principles of pence and urging that consideration of a league of nations, freedom of the s>as and other questions be deferred until after the peace conference. Acting as Chief of Army. Senator Lewis declared the senate had nothing whatever to do with what the president is now doing "in presenting the protocol for peace and the. adjustment of the disposition of the armies." "1 inform the European negotiators and the world," he said, "that there is (Conltauca on I*ngo Two) Special Committee to Formulate Plan for Wilson Project. BELE91TES WHS WILL l'a ris, Jan. 2.—The view is now held in American offieal quarter that the at titude of the British leaders shows such co-ordination with the American view point as will facilitate a mutual agree ment before the peace congress. After the close of the recent conferences and . public demonstrations attending President W llson s visit to London, one () f the foremost British statesmen sum med up the situation by saying: until the middle < Premier Llovd thf , retura * 0 f p "I would not think of having the peace congress dose until it had es tablished a league of nations as out lined by President Wilson, as the British nation has clearly shown that it expects that to be done." Mr. Balfour, the British foreign secre ta ry* after liis' conference here, has pro (•ceded to Cannes, where he will remain ! of next week. He and : eorge will be in Paris on resident Wilson from Italy. To Begin When Wilson Returns It is then that the real work of inter allied conference* will begin. There will not be any formal meeting around the table at the outset, as comparatively few delegates will be in Paris at that time. But the informal conference will be progressively important from then on. as the informal conferences will merge into the peace congress, without any ex act. delimitation of dates. It is understood that a special com ittee will be designated to formulate a plan for a society"of nations on which j the French member will probablv be | I .eon Bourgeois and the English member , Lord Robert Cecil, both of whom are be- j ' " " ji^ëd to" have their projects well along j toward completion. I Conversations among representatives ; 0 f the allies will begin at the French for eign office immediately upon the return to Paris of Premier Clemenceau, which is expected to be about January 6 or Jan uary 7. The premier is taking a rest in La Vendee. President Wilson is expected in Paris at the beginning of next week. Premier Lloyd George will arrive Saturday. The number of delegates representing each of the great nations at thecoming peace conference is likely to be inereas (Continued on P»se Two) MILLION FELL VICTIMS TO LOUSE IN WAR PLAGUES London, .Tan 2.—(British Wireless Service.)—Of the insects responsible for the death or disablement of hun dreds of thousands in the war zone, the louse is declared authoritatively to have been one of the most deadly and to have accounted for a least a million persons. That, however, is only a rough es timate, and the probability is that the toll was infinitely higher, for, in Ser bia alone, typhus, a louse-born dis ease, infected nearly one million per sons and killed 500 a day in the little city of Jassy, while 200 of the 1,400 medical officers in the country died from the disease. This disease spread over Russia, Austria, Germany and the Balkans generally. These figures are vouched for in a publication prepared by Lieutenant Lloyd, who was chief entomologist in northern Rhodesia. RIGA TO BOLSHEVIKI Copenhagen, Jan. 2.—Owing to the advance of "superior forces of bolsheviki," says a dispatch from Berlin, the German troops have been compelled to evacuate Riga, the Li vonian port at the head of the gulf of R|iga. POLISH INVADERS NEARING BERLIN; BATTLE IN POSEN House-to-House Fighting Under Way in 'Tearing Raid Into Germany' to Wrest Provinces. Fortress of Posen City T aken ; 20,000 Germans I Disarmed; Full Mobili zation Ordered. London, Jan. 2.—Poland is fanning Europe's conflagration in its efforts to wrest Posen and Danzig from Germany by an in vasion of eastern Germany. Grave events are pending, espe cially in Posen. The polish army has for its object "a tearing raid into Ger many." It has entered Frank fort -on-the-Oder, 50 miles east of Berlin, says a Berne dispatch to the Express, which adds that the Poles have occupied Beuthen, in Prussian Silesia, and Bromberg, ! - «rnvincp nf PfKPn fi9 : in .. tne Province OX i Oben, DJ ., ,, , c n -a. miles northeast Of L osen city. Fighting has continued at: . . _ Various points in Posen, between Polish and German troops, in the last few days. The fortress of the city has been occupied by the Poles, while more than 20,000 German soldiers have been disarmed. The Sixth German grenadier regiment has refused to surren der and now is surrounded with j j n the city. The entire Polish | , .. . . , . i -, , population IS reported tobe aid j mg the polish troops. They Ul scouts and young j ~ j" i- ov I " V ; women The fighting is of a house-to house nature, and there is no ac curate estimate of the number killed and wounded. Germans Must Retreat. The Polish infantry is well armed and is supported by artillery and cavalry. The infantry already has occupied im portant railway centers, including Krenz (Continurd on Pas« Two) ON 31,000 PRISONERS venine Rarely Escaped Siberian Forces—Other Leaders and Much Booty Taken. I Vladivostok, Monday. Dec. 30.— (By i The Associated Press.)—In capturing I Perm, in the Ural mountains. General j Gaida. at the head of Czecho-Slovak ; aud Siberian forces, virtually destroyed I the bolshevik Third army,, from ' which he took .'51,000 prisoners. General Gaida's troops captured an armored train from which Nikolai Lenine, the bolshevik premier, was directing operations in the region of Perm. Lenine himself escaped, but several members of his party were taken prisoners. The exploit of General Gaida in cap turing Perm parallels his success in the campaign of last summer. His superiors opposed his plan of attack against Perm and lie carried out the operation at the risk of removal from his command. The bulk of his force was made up of Siberian \roops, but he bad two regi ments of Czechs. Got 5,000 R. R. Cars. In addition to the 31,000 prisoners reported. General Gaida captured 5,000 railway cars, 120 field guns, 1.000 ma chine guns, thirty automobiles, an entire wagon transport, several armored trains and several thousand horses. His maneuvers was a complete surprise to the bolsheviki, as was proved by the fact that he captured several prominent soviet leaders at the headquarters of the bolshevik army. Ten bolshevik regi ments were declared to have been anni hilated and the rest of the enemy army was driven across the Kama river. Verkhni Udinsk Occupied. Troops of General Semenoff, anti bolshevik leader in the Chita district, have occupied Verkhni I dinsk, on the Siberian railway, east of Lake Baikal. Two hundred thousand Russian sol diers, released from German prisons, are expected to pass thru Omsk within a fortnight. The Russians are destitute and are in a serious condition from ex posure and lack of food. FALLING BALCONY MARS PADEREWSKl WELC OME; 25 DEAD Warsaw, Wednesday, Jan. 1.—(By the Associated Press.)—During the street celebration attending the ar rival of Ignace Jau Paderewski in Warsaw, tonight, a balcony of a house collapsed and 25 persons were killed. A great throng of Poles crowded the streets and sans and shouted as the pianist anrt" Polish leader made his way from the station to the hotel Bristol, where he has established his headquarters. In his passage thru the streets, Paderewski was preceded and sur rounded by troops to prevent the bol shevik elements from carrying out their threat to attack him. BE DESTROYED SUD j | Poles Appealed in Vain to Ger -j „ r ., „ „ ! man Colonel at \ ilna for Pro fprtinn From Reds. lection X rum neos». Warsaw, Tuesday, Dec. CL—(By the: Associated Press)—The fate of the province of Vilna, in Lithuania, is ~ ^ " '* ' trembling in the balance. Bolsheviki agents are spreading their propaganda thruout the province, the northeastern part of which is under soviet rule. Bands of robbers and tramps, advance guards of the bolshevik regular troops, ;uid ref ugees are coming into \ ilna. The Ger mans apparently are making no effort to j restore"order in the city, altho they have j 500C» troops there. A Polish committee called upon Colo nel Werner, in command of the German troops, and requested arms for Poles and others, so that they might defend the city against the bolsheviki. Colonel Werner replied; "Berlin has given lis orders to the contrary. We won't be a monkey to draw the chestnuts out of the fire for the English. I am sorry for your wives, daughters and children, but this country must be destroyed.' The Poles have organized the. young men for the defense of the city. passed beiween j nd the Germans, ! 'I he correspondent has seen a copy of ; the letters which have the Polish committees and _ rcfcarciing the defense of Vilua. The j Germans declare categorically that they j intend to turn over the city to the so- ! viets. and also refuse- to permit the } Poles to receive arms. I Conferences have been carried on be- j 'tween Captain Bobianski. of the Polish! armv. ami the German delegate. Major! von' Schroeder and two other delegates! representing the soldiers, ail from the; tenth army under von Falkenhayn, IRMISTICE MILLED London Times Cable Service. Copyright 1918, by Public Ledger Company. London. Jan. 2.—An agency dis patch, this afternoon quotes a Co penhagen politician as asking that Marshal Foch has served notice on the authorities in BeHin that, if the radical elements in Germany obtain power, the allies will break off all negotiations and consider the armis tice ended. The presence of Radek and his Russian colleagues in Berlin seems to have suddenly made clear to large sections of the German population how dangerous the bolshevik move ment in Germany really is. Radek himself seems to have dis appeared, but the power of his many million marks seems to »till be ob vious. Extradition May Be Asked for Trial on Charge of Assault ing Schoolboy. Philadelphia, Jan. 2.—District Attor ney S wann of New York today requested a "certified copy of the record in this city in the lunacy proceedings which re sulted in the commitment of Harry K. Thaw to the Pennsylvania hospital for the insane. This action, it was said, j probably means that the New York au- ! thorities intend to.file requisition for the j surrender of Thaw, who is under indict- j ment in that city on,charges of assault-; ing Frederick Gump, a Kansas City high school bojr. Rabid Article Flashed on Congressman at Es pionage Trial. ' HHP JOST TESTIFIED Wanted General Strike to Block War, and Op posed It to End. Chicago, Jan. 2.—Every workman was urged to have a rifle and plenty of ammunition handy for the day when he could obtain "his rights" by force, in an article over "his signa ture, with which Congressman-eject Victor L. Berger, the Milwaukee so cialist, was confronted, today, un der cross-examination at his trial on a charge of sedition in federal court here as one of five defendants. On direct examination,, Berger had re j peatedly declared that he was a conser | vative and constructive socialist, and that he never advised the use pf violence. The ! article in question was read to the jory by Assistant District Attorney Fleming, a " £te / Berger had been questioned in re gar( j t0 jj ls relations with Johann Most, anarchist leader, now dead. Borger admitted having presided at a Milwaukee j meeting at which Most spoke two years after the Havmarket anarchist riot in Chicago in 1SS6. He declared that, al tho he consented to preside at the meet ing, he never approved of Most's teach ings, and always opposed the use of vio lence in every form. Peaceful Means Scouted Assi stant District Attorney Fleming then read the article from the Milwaukee j jonal democratic Herald 1909, which contained, among otacr things, the following: "Every workingman ought to have a good ririe with plenty of ammunition at home, so as to be ready when the time comes to take up the battle for his rights. I deny that any change can ever be brot about by peaceable means. It cannot be done by the ballot alone. Workingmen must be prepared to back up their ballots with bullets." Questioned in regard to the radical sentiments expressed, the ^ witness said he meant that, if a majority of ballots did not get the desired 'results, force might, be necessary. After Berger had testified that î»e ' j 0 r,p 0f!( .fi to this country going to war ! w j t h Mexico. Assistant District Attorney ; , j Fleming produced a telegram which Ber j ger had sent to the editor of a New York ! socialist naper in March, 1916, insisting } that the United States send an army into I Mexico to punish "V ilia. j Counsel for the government read t« the jury an editorial written by Berger in the Milwaukee Leader, in which the defendant declared that capitalism wa* only one cause of the war and that the was nationalism «ad principal cause class hatred. Favored Strike to Block War Berger admitted that in 1916 he favor ed a general strike to prevent this coun try from entering the war. He said he was opposed to the principles of the I. W. W„ despite the fact that he had con tributed $10 to the defense fund of the leaders of the organization when they were on trial in Chicago for violation of the espionage law. He said the I. W. W. had stood the test as a class organiza tion and was superior to the American Federation of Labor. "I have fought Samuel Gompew for thirtv vears," said Berger. "The Amer ican Federation of Labor has always sold out to capital." ' Berger admitted that he was opposed to the war. .even after this country en tered it. At the St. Louis convention of the socialist party. Berger said, ther« were only five delegates who favored th-s war. He admitted having voted for the anti-war proclamation of the party, and of having used his paper to urge iti adoption by the membership of the partj at n referendum vote. Last Vestige of "Lid" Is Off at Livingston Livingston, Jan. 2.—The last vestige of a "lid" against gatherings in Living ston was removed by the board of health toniirbt. when the ban on dancing was removed. It was reported that the in fluença epidemic practically had disap peared. j ! j j j * 2000 French Troops Occupy Budapest, Hungarian Capital Taris, Jan. 2.—Two thousand French soldiers have entered Buda pest, the Hungarian capital, accord ing to a .telegram from Zurich to the Temps. One detachment occupied tfic castle of Count Karolyi, where Field Marshal von Mackensen of the German army, is interned.