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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, January 05, 1919, Image 1

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President Cables for $100,000,000
to Feed Europe's Starving People;
Calls on Pope; Quits Rome for Paris
iT^ardinal Gasparri Adds
Two Tomes of Canon
Law as Gift.
Komc, Jan. 4.—President Wilson left
Rome at 9 o'clock, tonight, on his re
turn to Paris, his last day in the Eternal
City being featured by a call on Pope
Benedict:, who presented him with a
handsome mosaic reproducing Guido
Reni's famous picture of .St. Peter. The
mosaic was made in the Vatican grounds
by the ancient mosaic: factory of the
Vatican, is a yard square and has been
valued at $40,000.
The president left Rome with the
cheers of the Roman throng that had
gathered to witness his departure ring
ing in his cars. His visit to the Italian
capital had proved the busiest of his
European trip, as it was the most
The presidential party is not expected
to reach Taris until Tuesday m< rning,
»s the itinerary provides for stops at
Genoa, Milan and Turin.
The president is represented «s ex
pecting, on his return to the French
capital, to find the peace delegates up
to the point of deciding upon the first
I rinciplcs of the proposed league of
nations, thus paving the way to the dis
posal of what he regards as the neces
sary preliminaries to peace before his
retjirn to the United States about the
n iddle of February.
More Medieval Honors for Him.
The president's arrival on his visit to
the Vatican today was annouwqrt by the
master of the chamber to the Pope, who
awaited the president in the throne room,
where two gilded armchairs had been
placed. The president was admitted im
mediately to tfce presence of the Pope,
who was gowned in white.
On his way to the throne room the
president was accompanied by a proces
sion of Vatican servants.
As the president entered the ante
chamber to the papal apartments he was
preceded by the pontifical chamberlain.
Gendarmes in immense busbys and the
Palatine guard and the noble guard in
(Continued on Page Two)
First Step a Confidence of Four
Big Powers; General Session
on Big Events Last.
Paris, .Tan 4«—(Havas).—The peace
conference, according to the I'etit Pari
sien, will proceed as follows:
First—A conference of the four great
Second—Representatives of Belgium
and Serbia to be admitted for a study
of the general situation.
Third—Admission of the other allies
for conferences on the problems inter
esting them.
Fourth—Presentation of conditions
successively to Germany, Bulgaria,
Tjrkey, German-Austria and Hunfeary
and the signing of the peace prelimina
Fifth—A general conference conrern
ing the questions of a league of nations,
freedom of the seas, limitation of arm
irnents and related topics.
Washington, Jan. 4. —Demobilization of
the army is approaching its final phase
with the breaking up of the combat di
visions in this country and the issuance
»f orders for eqrly return of the first
Miree fighting divisions from France.
General March, chief of staff, an
nounced today that General Pershing had
designated the Tnirtieth and Thirty-sev
enth (national guard) and the Ninety
first ( national army) divisions for early
return, while in the home training camps
40,500 mei^of the combat divisions, here
First Legislative Message From Europe Is Trans
mitted to Congress Thru Letters by Secretary
Glass; Food Need $1,500,000,000.

Washington, Jan. 4.—President Wilson's first legisla
tive recommendation, based on his study of conditions in
Europe, looks to the relief of distressed populations out
side of Germany which are threatened with starvation.
Request for immediate appropriation of. $100,000,000
to supply food to liberated peoples of Austria, Turkey,
Poland and western Russia, who have no recognized gov
ernments and are unable to finance international obliga
tions, was transmitted, today, to congress by «Secretary
Glass on cabled instructions from the president.
Mr. Glass went personally to the capitol for a long con
ference with democratic leaders of the house, and legisla
tion to carry out the president's recommendations will be
introduced by them, after conferring with republican
The president's message said that food shipments worth
$1,500,000,000 must be made from the United States to
Europe in the next seven months. An international organ
ization, directed by Herbert C. Hoover, will supervise the
distribution of the supplies, most of which will be paid for
by persons able to find the necessary resources.
The appropriation requested by the president will take
care of the population in other districts, notably in eastern
and southern Europe, which have been ravaged by war and
where freedom and governments will emerge only "slowly"
out of chaos.
Seeking Clues to Body of
Woman Found, Graves
of Two Children Are;
Uncovered in a Crime
Near Tacoma.
Tacoma, Wash., Jan. 4.— *While
scrutinizing the locality in the woods
nears H awks prairie, where the
body of a supposed Camp Lewis
dancer was found Wednesday, Coro
ner Mills and Chief of Police Harry
Cusack of Olympia -this afternoon
uncovered the bodies of two small
boys about 4 and 6 years old, re
spectively, buried in shallow graves
under the roots of fallen trees, re
voaling a triple murder.
The legs were froze« and the shoes
on the feet of both boys are well pre
served and may lead to the identity of
the c hildren when the bodies can be re
moved. •
A woman's hat made of white chipped
straw, trimmed with pink ribbon and
«•lover blossoms, was found near the
«rave of the second child. Inside the hat
was found a child's chnh hat, with the
trade mark of a London maker inside.
A closer inspection of the woman's
dress at the Olympia morgue today re
vealed that, instead of a flimsy material,
it is of a blue and white colored cloth,
probably gingham. It »s i summer dress,
and disproves, the authorities say, the
theory that the victim was a dance-hall
Copies of newspapers found in the
woman's hat indicate that the crime must
have been committed prior to May 5,
Police Chief Cusack recalls now that
last July a man giving the name of "Bu
chanan" rushed into his office and told
him a wild story alunit a man. woman
and two children, who, he said, lived just
outside of Olympia, and whom he saw
crossing Hawks prairie in a wagon, all
quarreling among themselves.
tofore held intact, had been ordered dis
The Ninety-first includes troops from
Washington, Oregon. California, Idaho,
Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Utah and
Alaska. _ «
The three overseas divisions with ihe
headquarters troops of Major General
Read's second corps, also designated *for
return, total 8.*>,000 men. ' General March
said that, including these divisions, the
total number of men available for dis
charge was 1 ."»79.000 and that 40,401
officers and 630,369 in en had been mus
tered out up to yesterday,
'Farmhand Dead With
Rest Believed to Have
Killed Family Because
Refused Daughter
4maha, Jan. 4.—Five persons
were found murdered and the body
of a man believed to be the mur
derer was found in a farm house cm
Holman's island, eight miles north
west of Little Sioux, Iowa, this
The dead are:
' Wilber Johnson, farmer, in whose
home the bodies were discovered; Mrs.
Wilber Johnson, his wife; Johnson, their
8-year-old son; Mrs. Mabel Jones, said
to be a sister of Johnson; Baby .Tones;
William Barnes, understood to have been
employed about the Johnson farm, and
believed to be the murderer.
The fypdies were found in their beds,
covered with blood. It is the theory that
the motive for the crime was the unsuc
cessful suit of the slayer for the hand
of Johnson's daughter, who has not been
located. The farm hand is said to have
b< ught a shotgun at Tekamah, Neb., yes
Saloniki, Jan. 4.—Hazlm Bey,
former prefect of Kharput, in a let
ter to tbe Sabah of Constantinople*
declare# that he was removed from
office by Talaat Pasha because lie
protested against the manner in
which the Greeks and Armenians of
Asia Minor were being extermi
Nazim Bey adds that one of the*
methods used to exterminate thesè
people was to throw them Into the
Black sea and force them to drown.
He says this was done by order of
the Turkish government*
Weather Man Pledges
His Best This Week
Washington, Jan. 4. — Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday, issued by the weather bu
reau today, are:
Northern Rocky Mountain and Pla
teau sections: Generally fair weather,
with temperature near normal.
m ■
il *:&w.
Bedroom In palatial Murat home in Paris used by president.
This glimpse <>f the luxurious bedroom made ready for President Wilson gives an idea of the splendor of the home of
I Prince-Murat in Paris which was turned' over to the president and Mrs. Wilson during their stay in Paris. The rich
tapestries and furnishings cannot be shown adequately because the rich coloring is lost. The house contains many sou
venirs of George Washington.
Battle Depends on En
durance and Ameri
can Artillery.
Arehange]. Friday. Jan. — (Ï5y the
Associated Press).—Fighting about tbe
village of KadisU, which was recaptured
by the American forces on Dec. ;>0. is
continuing. The American artillery has
moved up slightly and is almost contin
ually shelling the enemy. There have
been numerous outpost encounters in the
thick woods bordering on tbe Petrograd
The bolshevik force outnumbers the.
Americans nearly three to one and is
(Continued on Taee Two)
■ ;S
Roger Culver Tredwell,
The state department is making stren
uous efforts to obtain the release of
Roger Culver Tredwell, American consul
in Petrograd. According to dispatches
he is being detained in Turkestan by the
bolsheviki. He was ordered early in Oc
tober to remain in his home. Tredwell
is a native of Brookbrjo*
1554 Poles Sail for
Europe to Fight in
War for New Republic
New York, Jan. 4.—The French
line steamship France, which sailed
today, carried a battalion of Poles,
numbering 1,554 men, recruited in
American for the Polish army.
Foe's Passenger Boats to Bring
Troops Back; Enemy Lands
to Be Helped Last. •
Paris, Jan. 4.—Herbert C. Hoover,
who has been appointed director of al
lied food relief in newly liberated, neu
Itral and enemy territories in Europe,
■talked about the work before him to The
[Associated Press. He said that German
ships, totalling nearly three million tons,
will be used to carry food to Europe and
thut German passenger boats will be
utilized to send American soldiers home.
"Food worth $1,500.000.000 must be
imported into Europe between now and
July 1." said Mr. Hoover. "Liberated
territories will be fed first, but much of
this territory has no other government
than that of scattered municipalities; it
has no credit and is unable to pay for
"Poland, Armenia. Czecho-Slovaia
and the J u go-Slav republics are in this
conditions, as well as many other suffer
ing sections. Most of the necessary food
must come from the United States, and
representatives of that government are
conferring with those of the allied pow
ers as to means for paying for this
In discussing the food situation In
Germany, Mr. Hoover said that the
I'nited Slates has 3S officers traveling
thru that, country, conducting an investi
gation. He said that, as yet. reports are
not sufficiently complete for a • definite
statement of the German position, but he
thinks that immediate relief will prob
ably.. not he imperative. In any event,
h 3 indicated that Germany must wait
until the other sufferers are fed.
In exchange for the use of German
shipping, Germany will gradually b»
allowed to have food, Mr. Hoover said,
adding that the United States will grant
to Germany the use of freight, tonuage
equivalent to the passenger tonnage re
quired to traujiport American troops
Houston to Detroit
Flight, 1650 Miles,
Detroit, Jan. 4.—An observation
De Ha vil and airplane reached De
troit this afternoon from Ellington
field, Houston, Texas, making the
1,650-mile trip in 724 minutes of fly
ing time (12 hours 4 minutes), and
the last lap from Indianapolis at the
rate of 122 miles an hour, under ad
verse weather conditions.
U. S. Will Lose Millions
on Cross Orders, Says
Now York, Jan. 4.—Charging bis
"cross order" sales of Liberty bond's
by income tax dodgers, transactions
in one day exceeding $40,000,000,
Assistant District Attorney Borgan,
today, urged the need of an inquiry
by the Stock Exchange to ascertain
the names of wealthy men suspect
ed of thus causing the decline in the
price of the war securities sharply
below par.
"It is generally conceded, - ' Mr.
Brogan said, ' by those who are fa
miliar with market conditions, that
the low prices obtained for Liberty
bonds at the end of the income tax
year was seized upon by a great
many to sell their bonds, with a view
of establishing losses to offset prof
its which would have to be shown in
their income tax reports..
"This reached the lnVho«<- point on
i December 30, when over $10.000.000
j woth of Liberty bonds were traded in.
■ In the last 10 days in the year 1018, the
i transactions amounted to $250.000.000
! in Liberty bonds alone. My investigations
; in the case show that probably 50 per
i cent of these transactions were made on
h cross orders by heavy investors, who
gave their brokers a selling order for
i anywhere from $500.00 to $1,500,000
j worth of Liberty bonds, at the same time
j putting in a buying order to buy tbe
; same amount at the market priée, thus
j establishing a fictitious loss to report
ou their income tax returns. The same
.method has undoubtedly been followed
by many people in the sale of other se
curities, 'an# other investments and
probably in their own business enter
"If it. is permitted to go unnoticed,
the government will probably b'se mil
lions of dollars which it expeete.d to get
under the new income tax law."
Cincinnati, Jan. 4.—Prohibition forces
gained a signal victory in the United
States district court, here, today, whpn
United States Judge Hollister handed
down an opinion dismissing a suit to en
join Governor .Tames M. Cox, of Ohio,
from presenting to the coming meeting
of the Ohio legislature the proposed na
tional prohibition amendment.
All Refuse to Withdraw
and Caucus-Must Now;
Eliminate Four.
If Great Falls Can't Get
Speaker, Wants Ser
(By W. W. Moses.)
; Special to The Daily Tribune.
I Helena. Jan. 4. —Altho the opening,
] hour of the sixteenth legislative asseni
I bly is less than two days away and
J scores of senate and house members are
talready in the city preparing to take up
! their duties, matters of legislation seem
for the present to be of minor import
ance, interest just now being centered 1
in the fight for the house speakership,
for which there arc still five candidates
in tbe field, each striving for supremacy.
Each of the five is busily engaged in
! interviewing house members, conferring
1 with his own supporters and pulling
I every wire for the common vote. Despite
efforts to bring about the withdrawal of
at least two or three of the candidates
; by some process of elimination, aa agree -
i ment to that e.ffect could not be reached
today, and it now appears as tho all five
will continue in the ^running up to the
time of the republican house caucus, to
be held Sunday evening. Each of tho
five candidates appears imbued with the
The Tribune special correspondent wha
will give the readers a close view at tbfl>
actions of the Montana legislative session,
which opens tomorrow.
idea that he can win and none îs wiUntjr
to give up what advantage he feels, ha
Higgins Has West With Him.
Tonight it seems that it will be a mat-«
ter to be disposed of by the caucu»
which, if present conditions continue,,
must do so by eliminating several of the
candidates, nossibly by dropping out the
low man if the balloting indicates a dead
At present it appears to be somewhat
a contest between the east and west
side candidates. Rohald Higgins of Mis
soula. the only candidate from that part
of the state west of,the main range, can
muster 20 votes in the caucus, providing
he has the backing of all the members
from the west side, and it appears likely
that he will have a large majority of
these members.
The east side, which is credited with
44 republican members, is presenting
four candidates: O. \Y. Beiden of Lewis
town, E. H. Cooney of Great Falls. C.
A. Rnsmussen of Gleudive, and Fred L.
Gibson of Livingston. As these four will
(Continued on rose Two)
Judge Hollister. in a lengthy opinion,
not only dismissed the injunction, suit,
but stated that it was his opinion that
the chief point made by the ptuhtiff, Al
bert G. Erkenbrecker, a real estate man,
that the proposed amendment , should
have received two-thirds of the total'
membership of both houses of congress'
instead of two-thuds of the members
voting, was not good logic.

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