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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, January 10, 1919, Image 1

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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR.
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10, 1919.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
Spartacus Revolt at Berlin Put Down
Troops Pouring Into German Capital
OF REPUBLICANS
Committee Sees Issues in
Money Spent and
Bolshevism.
IK 11LEN OF KB
Fl IE PRESIDENT
Chicago, Jan. 9.—Party leaders from
nearly every state .arrived here today to
attend the meeting of the republican na
tional committee, to be held tomorrow.
The session will be in the nature of a
political love feast, at which the repub
lieau victory at the congressional elec
tions last November will be canvassed
and plans for the 1920 presidential cam
paign discussed. Practically every state
will be represented by the national com
mitteeman or his proxy.
.1 \j i iiio
Party leaders, brought optimistic re
ports from every section, which they de
clared indicated success in the next pres
idential election.
Although Chairman Will H. Hays de
clared that any discussion of candidates
for president was premature, the party
leaders in preliminary and informal con
ferences tonight discussed probable can
didates and issues.
Pershing Heads List.
Among the names mentioned in the
gossip were:
(Jen. John J. Pershing, Gen. Leonard
Wood, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of
Massachusetts, Senator Albert B. Cum
mins of Iowa, Senator P. C. Knox of
Pennsylvania, Senator Warren G. Har
ding of Ohio, William H. Taft of Ohio,
Senator James E. Watson of Indiana,
Governor Frank O. Lowden of Illinois.
former Governor Charles S. Whitman of
New York and Senator John W. Weeks
of Massachusetts.
Governor -elect Henry J. Allen of Kan
sas. was mentioned as a possible can
didate for the vice-presidency by his
friends.
The two issues most frequently men
tioned in the gossip were an attack on
the alleged extravagance of the national
democratic administration and lhe strong
declaration against bolshevism and so
eiaiistitrdoctrins, including government
ownership or operation of the railroads
and other public utilities.
Business Before Meeting.
The committee has but little business
transact at its meeting tomorrow.
The program is for an executive business
session in the morning, at which resolu
tions on the death of Colonel Roosevelt
will be adopted. The election of national
committeemen in several states to fill
vacancies and the settlement of a con
test over the national committeeship from
Louisiana are the only other items of
business scheduled.
It was said that no move will be made
declare the position of William Hale
Thompson, national committeeman from
Illinois, vacant because of his attitude
toward the war.
AGAIN BLOCK
PRESIDENT'S
FAMINE BILL
Washington, Jan. 9—Altho their ef-1
forts to have the house rules commit
tee report a ru'e, for immediate consul
eratioii of the bill appropriating S 100
000,000 for famine relief in Europe fail
today, administration leaders an
nounced, tonight, that they bad not giv
en tip hope of early consideration of the
measure.
Another attempt to get the committee
îeport out a rule will be made soon,
was said, and, if this fails, the bill
will be offered as an amendment to
some other measure before the house.
In the meantime, the famine bill, pass
age of which has been requested by Pres
ident Wilson, remains on the bouse cal
endar and its opponents said it would
f>tay there until the administration ex
plained more definitely where and how
the money is to be used.
Supreme War Council
to Be Formed by Allies
to Pass Upon Relief
London, Jan, 9.—The associated gov
ernments have decided to establish a
Supreme War council, consisting of two
representatives each of France, Italy,
the United States and Great Britain,
According to an official statement to
night, to deal with the questions of food,
finance and shipping resource with re
lation to revictualizing and supplying
liberated and enemy territory and to co
ordinate such work with that done for
allied and neutral countries.
At the request of the war cabinet, the
Earl of Reading and Sir John Beale
will, for the time being, represent Great
,(J3ritain. They will start for Baris inime
HE A VY LOSSES
INFLICTED IN
BERLIN RIOTING
Premier Says Time Has Come to Use Force; Many
Killed in Battle at Anhalter Station; Inces
sant Machine Gun Fire Quells Rebels.
Copenhagen, Jan. 9.—Government troops have occupied all
the public buildings in Berlin, and thousands of government
troops, especially artillery, are still entering the capital.
The Berlin correspondent of the Berlingske Tidende, who
sends this information, declares that the Spatacans have been
beaten and the quiet was partly restored, today, by Gen. Noske,
commander-in-chief of the government troops.
A state of siege has been proclaimed.
Bloody Fighting Occurred at the Anhalt railroad station,
TTT . a • 1 j * i.V. :
Wednesday night, when Spartacan groups tried to occupy the :
building. according to Berlin advices received by way of Frank
:
f or t. They were repulsed by government troops, who inflicted
J^gjjyy losses ^n them. i
There was lively shooting Wednesday forenoon at many j
points. Several persons were killed or wounded. :
The troops of the government directed an incessant fire from
l: : ™ Ai^r. i
^ f p j i i li ) i • i-« i •
machine guns on the roof of the chancellor s palace, in the direc- ;
tion of Unter den Linden and Wilhemstrasse. Later the firing
increased, especially in the neighborhood of the Brandenburg
gate, and many more people were killed.
New York, Jan. 9.—Unless railroads
can bring food into New York by round
a {) 0U t routes, the hunger point may be
UK
m
mm
CONTROLS GERMAN
GOVERNMENTS ARMY
G. Noske.
Recent changes in the German cabinet
include the appointment of G. Noske as
a member to be head of the military
department of the present German gov
ernment. He will have control over the
armed forces. Noske has been governor
of Kiel, the great naval base.
THREAT OF
HUNGER IN
N.Y. STRIKE
reached within 48 hours and the lives
of thousands imperilled, as the result of
the marine workers' strike which tied up
virtually all traffic in the harbor today,
according to a statement, tonight, from
the office of A. H. Smith, regional rail
road director.
At the end of the first day of the
marine workers' strike, which virtually
halted traffic in New York harbor, the
New York Boat Owners association an
nounced. tonight, that thp men bad
signed an agreement for the appointment
of a conciliation board to arbitrate ail
differences.
This announcement brot prompt denial
from the strike committee, which termed
it "an owners' welfare proposition."
liiutely. Herbert C. Hoover and Norman
Davis will represent the United States
and Etienne demente!, the French
minister for commerce, and M. Vilgrain,
France.
"Certain emergency measures, the
on tee me of informal discussions, are
already affording relief to Serbia and
Rumania", the statement says. "Con
cerning Austria and Germany, the inter
allied commission has been working for
some time and has already visited Vienna
and Prague. The food situation in these
territories is serious and is rendered
more serious by transport and financial
difficulties^
Challenge Accepted.
Prior to taking active measures of
jÄYÄSwÄJäyS £>"
tacans as being responsible for many
persons being killed and wounded. The
manifesto continued:
"We must now accept the fight into
which we have been forced. We have
hesitated too long and must be prepared
to intervene without restriction for the
defense of revolutionary order. We ap
peal to you in the view of forming a vol
unteer republican defense guard. We
must not stop until order has been re
established in Berlin and the people as
sured the possibility of enjoying f^tice
and the fruits of the revolution."
Twenty Times Bloody as First.
The civil warfare already is estimated
to have cost twenty times as many lives
as were sacrificed in the overthrow of
the Ilohenzollern dynasty (SO days ago.
The Spartacan s held the reichstag
building, the approaches to the Branden
burg gate and the Silesian railway sta
tion.
After Monday the Spartacans did not
repeat the attempt to capture the gov
ernment headquarters in the chancellor's
palace, which is strongly guarded by sol
diers.
(Continued on Fac<> Three)
BLANKET REFUSAL
TO CARVE COUNTIES
SE NATE PRO POSAL
Lawmakers Find They Made Too Many Promises
During Campaign and Now They Want to
Play Possum on Fulfillment.
By WARREN W. MOSES.
Helena, Jan. 9.—Prior to the last
election, imbued with campaign enthu
siasm and only too happy to be of serv
ice to all of theii" constituencies, a num
ber of candidates for the senate—how
many the records fail to divulge— gave
some sort of assurance that they would
support the one or more county creation
schemes which had been hatched within
the borders of their own home counties.
Maybe they were sincere in these prom
ises undoubtedly they are, for no one
would accuse any of them of being in
consistent, but probably they were not
at that time aware of what a mass of
county division legislation they would be
called upon to support if they could hope
to carry into effect their own measures.
Now, with a score of these new county
schemes in sight, they begin to see what
a muss they will have to step into and
they are said—or some of them, at least
—to be looking for a dry spot upon
which to stand.
Can Get Out by Round Robin.
Rumor has it that a solid spot has
been discovered and that, if they decide
to get out while the getting is good, they
will have to take advantage of it speed
ily. How to save themselves is a ques
tion which has been discussed by a few
of the older heads of the senate, men
who are experienced in slipping out of
tight places and, if the method of pro
cedure now whispered, is adopted, it will
be thru means o fa senate resolution by
which that body will refuse to consider
any of the county division propositions.
By the "adoption of such a resolution,
the members of the senate might be re
lieved of a lot of embarrassment and
escape subjection to a lot of pointed
questions should they return home with
out having obtained the legislation de
sired by their county scat seeking sup
pox ters.
Stork Has Three More.
Three more county division bills, two
of whkh pertain to northern Montana, i
COL. ROOSEVELT
LEFT
ljUUU J
Family Plate and $60,
000 From His Father
Goes to Children.
FLIERS DROP WREATHS
Oyster Bay, Jan. 9.—Colonel Theo
dore Roosevelt's will, made in 1912, was
read to members of the family at Saga
: more Hill, today, and probably will be
: fi le <i with the surrogate of Nassau coun
ty tomorrow.
: Alt ho the value of the former presi
dent , g esUte waa 110t made known , it
i was understood to amount to not more
j SgftfSbe A of Newark. X>°read
: che win, the documents provides that the
tire estate, with the
i silver and plate, shall be held in:--
liliilllV oil vet clIJ'.I ïsild
; trust for the widow dlir h lg
her life and
gives her power to dispose of it by will
as she sees fit. In the event she leaves
no will, the estate is to be divided in
equal parts among the children.
The silver and family plate, Mr. Cobbe
said are to be divided among the chil
dren. as is also a $60,000 trust fund left
to Colonel Roosevelt by his father.
The will named as trustees Lieuten
ant Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., and W.
Emlen Roosevelt, a cousin of the colo
nel.
Mrs. Roosevelt, who was unable to
attend the funeral yesterday, will visit
the grave in Young's memorial cemetery,
tomorrow, after which she will leave
Sagamore Hill for a brief visit to Colo
[ nei Roosevelt's sister, Mrs. William
| Sheffield Cowles, at Farimngton, Conn.
I She will be accompanied by Mrs. Ethel
! Derby and Captain Archibald Roosevelt
Pershing Cables Sorrow.
Hundreds of visitors thronged the
cemetery, today, and it was learned that
one of the reasons for the stationing of
a military guard of honor about the
grave was to prevent souvenir hunters
from carrying away the floral tributes.
As the visitors stood about the grave.
this afternoon, an army airplane from
Quentin Roosevelt field at Mineola flew
low and dropped a laurel wreath which
landed squarely on the grave.
Telegrams, cablegrams and letters of
condolence .continued to pour into Saga
more bill, today. Among today's messages
(Continued on l'acre Three)
today received notice in the house. Rep
resentative Coburn, of Teton county giv
ing notice of the bills for the creation
of Glacier and Pondera counties, the
bills for which are not yet drawn.
Glacier county would be composed
wholly from Teton county, it taking in
that part of the county north of Marias
river and Birch creek, and west of
Toole county with Cut Bank as the seat
of government.
Pondera county would take in the
eastern portion of Teton county, togeth
er with a couple of tiers of townships
from western Chouteau county, and
would run west south of Toole and Gla
cier counties so as to include the \ a
b'er section. It would also t.>kc in the
towns of Conrad and Brady, with Conrad
as the county seat.
The third new county which would be
created under a bill to be introduced by
Kelsey, of Custer, would be Powder
River county, to be made i;p from the
southern portion of Custer county.
Ex-Kaiser So Well
He Walks in Gardens
Amerongen. Tuesday. Jan. 7.—(By the
Associated Press).—William Ilohenzol
lern was able to walk about in the gar
dens at Ainerongen castle today, for the
first time in several weeks. His health
is reported to be almost normal again.
Massacres Begin
With Fall of Vilna
Warsaw, Wednesday, Jan. 8.—(By
The Associated Press).—Vilna has
fallen into the hands of the bolshevik
army, several thousand strong, which
drove out the Polish militia.
A massacre of civilians began at
once.
IMPERIAL PALACE AT BERLIN
M
M
t ?' :
Z:' ftS > 'W*'
mm
SSsögs
.5
*
Berlin's srovernment palaces have been the scenes of fierce fighting in the Sparatacus
. The Imperial Palace was damaged $1,500,000 in the previous revolt, when the mutinous
sailors turned it into a fortress. In this revolt the Reds held the stables.
POWERS WILL BOSS
PEACE CONGRESS
THRU 25 LEADERS
Appointment of French
Envoys Brings Definite
ness to Supreme Coun
cil of Body.
House and Cecil Getting
League of Nations Into
shape; Venizeles Insist
ent on Greek Aims.
Paris, Jan. 9.—La Liberie today
>ays it understands that Great Britain
will have three special delegates for
sach of its dominions, including Can
ada, Australia, New Zealand and
South Africa.
Paris, .Tan. 9.—(By The Associated
Tress.)—Announcement of the French
delegation to me peace congress, in
addition to bringing a distinguished array
of French statesmen into the arena of
the peace congress, has begun to give
definitiness to the delegations of the
great powers, of which the American
delegation has been by itself up to the
present time. It is expected that the
British. Italian and Japanese delegations
now will be announced officially.
The leading figures, like Premier Lloyd
George and Foreign Secretary Balfour,
for (treat Britain; Premier Orlando and
Foreign Minister Sonnino. of Italy, and
Viscount Chinda and Ambassador Mat
sui, for Japan, already are known, altho
not officially appointed, but the desig
nation of a full list will bring into being
the real directing force of the congress,
consisting of 25 members representing
five great: powers of the world.
It will be this supreme council of the
great powers which will guide and shape
the deliberations and results of the
entire congress, and, while all the other
powers will later have a full hearing
and a voice it will be the great powers
which will initiate and direct the general
conduct of affairs.
Friends of U. S. in French Delegation.
The personnel of the French delegation
is recognized as exceptionally strong,
combining the political, diplomatic, finan
cial, economic ami military sagacity of
France. The appointment of Jules
Cambon is particularly gratifying to the
American delegation, owing to his inti
mate knowledge of and sympathy with
American affairs, resulting from his long
success as French ambassador in Wash
ington
M. Cambon, with Foreign Minister
Piehon. will represent the diplomatic
strength of the delegation. Louis Klotz,
besides being minister of finance, is re
cognized as the financial leader of the
French parliament. Captain Tardieu fur
(Continued on l'as« Three)
JAPAN FAVORS LEAGUE OF
NATIONS WITH OPEN DOOR
Honolulu, T. IL, Jan. 9.—Dr. S.
Taehi, professor in the Imperial Uni
versity of Japan, an authority on inter
national law, arrived here, today, en
route to Paris, where he will act as
adviser to the Japanese peace com
mission.
"If a league of nations is formed,"
he said, "then, morally speaking, it
would be highly undesirable if subjects
of one nation were debarred from entry
into another nation."
Yanks Burn Russian
Kadis h , Then Occupy
Ruins of the Village
Archangel, Tuesday, Jan. 8.— (By
The Associated Press).—Activities
were renewed by the American and
allied forces on the Kadish front
Monday. According to incomplete
reports to headquarters here, the
Americans burned the village of Ka
dish, retired from it and then went
forward and re-occupied the- ruins.
FIRST PEACE TUSK
Tl
Fl
E
E
Treaty With Central Powers
For Last, Because of Delay in
Setting Up Governments.
Paris, Jan. 9.—Representatives of the
allied nations here, intend to give imme
diate consideration to the question of
mitigating the severity of the blockade
of the central powers, in order to permit
the movement of food supplies for Cze
cho-Slovakia. Poland and sections of
Russia and other territory.
As regards questions concerning enemy
countries, it is understood that those
concerning Germany will be taken up
first, then those of Austria-Hungary and.
finally, those relating to Bulgaria and
Ti rkey.
It. is not expected that the conference
will deal with more than the most gen
eral principles. In fact, it now seems
doubtful that more than a broad general
agreement will be reached before Presi
dent Wilson returns to America in Feb
ruary.
General Program.
The procedure now being discussed is,
roughly, as follows:
First—-A general agreement be
tween the Fnited States and the en
tente belligerents for the creation of
a league of nations, or similar ma
chinery, to enforce the terms of
peace and preserve it.
Second—The setting up of new in
dependent states growing out of the
wa r.
Third—The assessment of dam
ages and indemnities and the man
ner of their payment.
Fourth- The conclusion of peace
treaties with the central powers.
The peace treaties may be left to the
(Continued on Put Three)
Ile added, however, that undesirables
of one should not be allowed to enter
another.
Japan, he said, will pursue the prin
ciple of equal opportunity in China.
Bunji Suzukt, president of the
Laborers Friendly Society of Japan, also
arrived here en route to Paris as a
delegate to the International Labor con
ference. He is known as the Gompers
of Japan. He said that an attempt
should be made later to unionize the
Japancses in Uta United States.
E
Sinn Fein Charter For
Proposed Republic
Makes Threats.
USE OF III) MEANS TO
London. Jan. 9.—The first publication
of what purports to be a Sinn Fein con
stitution for Ireland was made today by
the Globe. This has a particular inter
est. in view of the Sinn Fein proposal
to hold an Irish congress in the near
future. The preamble of the constitu
tion runs as follows:
"Whereas, The people of Ireland
never have relinquished their claim
to separate nationhood, and.
"Whereas, The provisional gov
ernment of the Irish republic, at
Easter in 191G, in the name of the
Irish people and continuing the fight
made by previous generations, re
asserted the inalienable right of the
Irish nation to sovereign independ
ence ami reaffirmed the determina
tion of the Irish people to achieve
it, and.
"Whereas, The proclamation of
the Irish republic at Easter, 1916.
and the supreme courage and the
glorious sacrifices of the men who
gave their lires to maintain it have
united the people of Ireland under
the flag of tlie Irish republic, we,
the delegated representatives of the
Irish people, in congress assembled,
declare the following to be the con
stitution of the Sinn Fein."
For Referendum of Irish.
T'ae article then sets forth the Sinn
Fein aims as obtaining international
recognition of Ireland as an independent
republic, and declares that, having
achieved that status, the Irish people,
(Continued on Pagre Three)
121.157.27/ IK 1318;
2.04 P. C. ON ME1T
Chicftgo, Jan. î>. —Gross sales in ex
cess of $1.200.000.000 returned net
profits of $21,157,277 to Swift & Co.,
according to the annual report, read at
the annual stockholders' meeting, to
day. The 1918 profit on meat and all oth
er products was reported approximately
1% per cent taxes, totalled $11.282,164.
In the meat department sales amount
ed to $922,726,756 and the earnings were
2.04 per cent.
In the period covered says the report,
livestock prices all increased, cattle 25
per cent, hogs rî,'î per cent and sheep and
iambs 22 per cent.
OR LOSE SM FORTS
London, Jan. 9. —The allies have noti
fied Turkey that, unless the Turkish'
force at Medina lays down its arms
immediately, the forts at the Dardanel
les will be destroyed.

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