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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR/ GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 14, 1919. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. Russians Spur Old and New World Riots First Peace Edict: Foe Must Restore Loot PUT IN JAIL; 600 Some Lassoed Resisting Arrest; City Resuming Normal Course. TRUED IMOLT T Buenos Aires, Jan. 13.— Las soeing strike leaders, today, add ed a tinge of the comic to the very grave situation of anarchy now spending its energies here Rafter four days of revolution. Eight hundred are now under arrest. More than 600 are Russian bolsheviki—80 per cent of the total. Ten per cent are Argenti nians. The remaining 10 per cent are of mixed nationalities. That is the disquieting feature of the situation. Russia, out of the grave of order is spreading the deadly infection of anarchy in the most progressive repub lics of South America and her bolshevik Napoleons mean to ov erturn them and rear in their place an edifice of murder and disorder such as has supplanted the old empire of the czars in Europe. The arrest of a band of Rus sian anarchists at Montevideo, yesterday, and the confession of one, revealed that the designs of 'the bolsheviki were centered on Argentina and UrugUày. Reports from Montevideo say authorities there are strengthen ing their forces against the bol shevist movement. Troops have been thrown around Villa de Cerro, localizing strike disorders to that district, where there are American packing houses. CAPITAL STORES RE-OPEN. Buenos Aires, today, was slowly re- ' covering from the effects .of the genera! ! strike and the situation, this morning. | was approaching normal. A few of the ! large stores, in an effort to inspire con fidence, opened -their doors. As the day progressed, other stores opened, taxi cabs appeared on the streets for the first time in several days and a partial street car service was resumed. Three hundred strikers and strike agi ' tators were arrested Sunday in Buenos Aires, it,is learned from government sources. Some of the ringleaders resisted arrest and were lassoed by police officers and dragged to the police stations. Boast Trouble May I. The prisoners, who are confined in military barracks, boast that the move ment will be renewed on May 1, but the government believes that the arrest of 800 of the ringleader» will end the trouble. No serious clashes had been reported anywhere since 10 o'clock last night. At that hour it was believed the government had the situation in hand. Fight at Sugar Factory. Severe fighting occurred at a sugar refinery in Kosario, yesterday, following the declaration of a general strike. The number of casualties has not been re ported. Civilian guards with rifles and drawn revolvers patrolled Buenos Aires Sun day, breaking up crowds and arresting suspicious characters. It is announced that 150 persons suspected of being im plicated in n bolshevist movement aimed at the overthrow of the government had been arrested. Patrols of guards were fired upon sev eral times. During the evening a "re pentent Maximalist" confessed, according (Continued on Pape Two). STATE PRICE PROBERS WANT PUBLIC TO ASSIST Helena, Jan.- 13.—Co-operation of the general i .1 'ic is not only welcome, but is earnestly requested, by the commission appointed under a joint resolution of the senate and house to investigate the-con ditions of buying and selling in Montana. Senator Edwin S. Booth, author of the resolution and chairman of the commit tee, made public the announcement, to night, that all meetings of the committee would be open to the public, and that in formation likely to prove valuable to the •work of the commission is earnestly de sired. An informal meeting of the commission was held this evening. It'is likely that the first formal meeting will be held Thursday. According to members of the GERMANY MUST RESTORE CASH, R.R.STOCK, GUNS,SAYS SUPREME PEACE COUNCIL Armistice Prolonged on Terms of Restoration to Regions Devastated During War. Occupation of Ports is Suggested; Full Confer ence Will Meet on Sat urday, January 18. Paris, Jan . 13. — Germany must give back all her loot. The Supreme Peace Council, today, in its second meeting, made extension of the armistice dependent on this. Guns, railroad stock and mon ey taken from the cities and oth er regions ravaged during hos tilities must all be restored. If Germany moves too slowly in obedience to this decree, the allies may occupy some of its ports ajid speed up delivery. The occupation would be under taken not only as a guarantee for carrying out by Germany of the armistice conditions, but al so as punishment for Germany's dilatory methods, so far, in com plying with some of the terms of the armistice. LOOKS INTO POLISH SITUATION, The supreme council of the peace con gress resumed its sessions at 3 o'clock this afternoon, at the French foreign of fice, with the distinguished gathering of vesterday augmented by the presence of Japan among the great powers repre sented and a notable gathering of mili tary, naval, economic and financial rep resentatives of the various powers. The morning session was given over to the allied military advisers and Mar shal Foch presided. It prepared the new conditions of the armistice for the afternoon session and also examined into the Polish situation. The Germans, contrary to the stipula tions of the clauses in the armistice with regard to the eastern front, are reported to be maneuvering in every way so as to impede the Poles in organizing their country and in defending themselves against the advancing bolshevik forces. (Continued on Fage Two). V. Iii. C. 1. S S1.732.181 IN WAR Now York, .Tan. 1,3.—The most em phatic answer that the. Young Men's Christian association can make to the charges of profiteering that hare been made by returning soidiers is that the organization has distributed free $1.400, flOO Vorth of canteen supplies, William Sloane, chairman of the organization's war work council, said in a statement issued here today. This total, he said, is exclusive M a loss of $.'532,181 in operating soldiers' stores in Great Britain. Mr. Sloane said his statement was based on a cabled re port : from E. C. Carter, chief secretary of the organization in Paris, and that the figures do not include the post ex change deficit for November and Decem ber. Asserting tiiat army officials had pre ferred to have canteen service run on a cost basis bemuse they "did not wish to have the soldier feel that he was being pauperized," Mr. Sloane said that, even excluding rentals and clerk hire, for whi<h no charge was made, the Y. M. C. A. conducted its canteens at an actual loss. Free use of athletic supplies and free entertainments were not included in the grand total, he said. Another item ex cluded from the total was $(>00.000 ap propriated b.v the council for a six months' supply of stationary. Mr. Sloane added that in November alone, soldiers wrote 14,069,305 letters on red triangle stationery. committee, it is first planned to call upon Professor Alfred Atkins, of Bozeman, food administrator for the state, and in terrogate him as to conditions which were discovered by him during the prog ress of his work during the war. Declaring itself heartily in favor of the probe of price conditions, the Mon tana Municipal league, today, passed a resolution approving the appointment of the commission, and endorsing the ob jects and purposes of the resolution un der which the committee was appointed. The league urges the continuance of the work of the commission if it is found that its purposes cannot be accomplished prior to the adjournment of the legisla i tive session. SENATOR MYERS WOULD HAVE U. S. TAKE EX-KAISER AND EXECUTE HIM Washington, Jan. 13.—Death for the former kaiser, life ••imprisonment of von Bernstorf f, von Papen and Dr. Bernhard Dernburg, repudiation of Germany's war debts, and payment of the entire cost of the war out of the coffer of Germany were suggested by Senator Myers, of Montana, fé for the final peace pact, speaking today in the senate. He said that Germany's fleet should be divided among the allies, and its merchant vessels and the kaiser's per sonal fortune, too, should be turned over to the victors. "If Germany refuses to surrender the former kaiser," said Senator Myers, "the United States army should forcibly take him and execute him." FAMINE RELIEF WINS HOUSE ON WILSON PLEA FOOD DOOMS ANARCHY STILL H THREAT Labor Congress Meeting Today Will First Ask Retrial. HABEAS CORPUS FAILING, WILL IGE SPECIAL LAW Chicago, Jan. 13.—Representatives of j trade unions from nearly every state j arrived here, today, 'to attend the Na- j tional Labor congress, tomorrow, ac j which it is planned to make a formal ' demand that Thomas J. Mooney and j Warren Billings, now serving life sen tences for murder in connection with the j San Francisco preparedness day parade, i July 22, 1016, be given a new trial. It j is expected that more than 5(H) delegates j ■will attend. The congress has been called by the International Workers' Defense j league. Four Plans for Retrial. Several plans of action will be sub mitted to the meeting for consideration: First—Appointment of a special committee of labor representatives to confer with President Wilson and members of congress and request that the department of justice be instructed to invoke the power of a writ of habeas corpus to obtain new trials for the defendants. Second—That the department of labor be urged to carry to a prac tical conclusion its investigation of the charge that the men were con victed on perjured testimony. Third—That, either congress or each state pass laws which will (Continued on Pasn Two). Officers and Some Delegates of Cascade County Farm Bureau Session Yesterday Photo by Heyn.* Key to Whole Situation in Europe, He Cables Congress Leaders in Appeal for $ 1 00,000, 000. Bolshevism Sweeping Onward From Russia Into Germany and Men acing World, Double Warning. Washington, Jan. 13.— President Wilson's renewed request today, in a message cabled from Paris, declar ing food alone could stop the onward march of bolshevism, brought about the passage in the house tonight of the bill appropriating $100,000,000 for food relief in European countries other than Germany. The vote was 243 to 73. The measure now goes to the senate, where administration leaders plan early action. Food relief, the president's mes sage said, was the key to the whole European situation and to the solu tion of peace, and that European statesmen urged immediate and con certed action as a means of stem ming the tide of famine. Supplementing,the president's message cauigr another to the state department from Henry White of the American peace" delegation, at Paris, which said the "startling westward advance of bolshev ism" dominated the entire European sit ation above all else, and that it. was of the greatest importance that the presi dent's request be granted at once. Peace Palsied Otherwise. Bolshevism, Mr. Whife said, "now completely controls Russia and Poland, and is spreading through Germany." and. apparently, the only effective barrier is food relief, lie added that it was im possible to inaugurate the peace confer ence under proper auspices without pre vious adequate " provisions to cope with this situation. Party lines were effaced in the house debate anil vote and. despite energetic demands by opponents of the bill for; more specific information regarding the j proposed expenditure, and criticism of \ (Continued on Pago Two). FORCE ENTERS Bourgeois Outline Also Imposes Compulsory Arbitration. Paris, Jan. 13—(Havas).—Leon Bour geois, former premier and the French authority on a league of nations, said, today, that it had been agreed upon with the French government that tiie French association of a league of nations would endeavor to reach an agreement as to procedure with similar associations, es pecially in Great Britain and the United States. The former premier outlined the following plan: First—The issuance, before the beginning of peace negotiations, of a solemn declaration „by the allies, fix ing the fundamental rules of the organization of a league of nations, with the assurance of the immediate observance of the rules among them selves. Second—The peace treaty shall contain the obligation of compulsory arbitration and limitation of arma ments. Third—Immediately after the sign ing of peace a universal conference shall be called to fix the details of a league of nations. The conference would look into the rights of each nation and would consider what should be done to a state resisting the decision of the league. It also • would take measures concerning any state not belonging to the league, and which caused trouble by vio lence. Tho project forsees, in order to complete the submission of such a state or states, the constitution of an armed force having international control and the establishment of dip lomatic. judiciary and economic mea sures tending to isolate the rebellious state and compelling it to depend upon its own resources." , Germany, Mr. Bourgeois added, would have to undergo not only a political revolution, but also a moral one. (Continued on Pago Two). Ill NOT NURSES Nearly Motored Into Target Practice; Danced Badly With Fair Americans. Cobjenz, Jan. 13.— The Prince of Wales had a narrow escape from autoing into a volley of machine gun fire during his visit to the American army of occu pation here. lie returned to the British sector this afternoon. He said good bv& to General Dickman at a luncheon at which he was the guest of Major Gen eral Hines in the castle of the Prince of Wied, at Neuwied. While in the American zone, the prince was treated as an ordinary cap tain, the rank designated by his uni form, t h," n as the heir to the British throne. Saturday, an automobile with news paper correspondents traveling ahead of the prince's machine was halted near Cochem by a German, who exhibited a bullet and explained that a machine gun company was at target practice. The steady popping of guns beyond the hill added emphasis to his story. An officer stationed nearby was noti (Continnetl on Pasc Two) LASTSPARTACAN NEST TAKEN; RÜSS ENVOY ARRESTED Can't Bring Your Own Drinks in, Says High est Court. Washington. Ja*. 13.—The supreme court held, today, that the Reed "bone dry" prohibition amendment prohibits interstate transportation into dry states of intoxicating liquors for bev erage purposes, even when intended for personal use. justice McReynoIds. in a dissenting opinion, concurred in by Justice Clark, declared the Reed amendment was not an interstate commerce regulatory measure, but a direct intermeddling with a state's affairs and beyond fed eral power. As interpreted by the court, the law nullifies state statutes permitting amounts of liquor to bo brot in for personal use. 1 ADDED ID PEACE Allied Financial Advis ers Urge Creation as Exchange Device. Washington, Jan. 13.—Establishment of a gold settlement fund of several hundred million dollars, to fecilitate foreign exchange transactions and elimi nate the necessity of shipping quantities of gold between countries, is under discussion among financial advisers of the allied government and may be plan ned at the forthcoming peace confer ences. The purpose of thi3 fund, which ï*rob ably would be deposited in trust with the Bank of England, would be to form the basis for credit transactions between nations in the same way that the Amer ican federal reserve system's gold settle ment fund now constitutes the basis for transfers of credit among reserve banks, making it unnecessary to transfer goid' within the country. Exchange balances between countries, instead of being settled by actual ship ping of gold, ai, would be done in normal times, would be arranged by simple 'book transactions. Allied financiers propose tentatively that a half billion dollars be the maximum size of the fund at first, and that neutral countries be admitted, if they choose to participate. Eventually this might become an inter national gold pool, guaranteeing exchange ci-'Mrings between all countries. The United States contribution to the fund, as now discussed, probably would not be more than $-00.000.0*K). The government now holds in treasury vaults more than $2,500,000.000 gold, of which $1 ,.v5j|000,000 is in the federal reserve settlement fund, and $882,000,000 as the basis for outsatnding gold certificates. Legislation would be required as a preliminary. The fund would be used only for cur rent transactions, not to settle debts now owed the United States by the allies. Leo Reno is Found Guilty of Sedition Helena, Jan. 13.— Leo Ueno, a Helena saloon employe, was found guilty of sediticn here in the state court today by a jury, which recommended imprison ment of from ten to twenty years. * Montenegro Demands Italians Withdraw I Belgrade, Jan. 13.—The immedi ate withdrawal from Montenegro of all tho Italian troops is demanded by the Montenegrin national assembly. FLICHT ACROSS ATLANTIC NEXT MAY IS PREDICTED BY ENGLISH AIR GENERAL London, Jan. 13.—(British Wireless Service.)—General Brancker, who is giving up his post as master general of personnel in the air ministry to devote his time to commercial aviation, in an interview with the Daily Express, today, asserted that a flight across the M lantic probably would be accomplished in May. He added that the trip was feasiblo at the present moment, as there were three or four types of airplanes available which are capable of making the flight. General Brancker said the time was not far distant when airplanes would be owned and driven as automobiles are today. He said it probably would be accessary to establish an aerial police Berlin Cabinet Gains Up per Hand But Loses Popularity With Prole tariat in Victory. 1300 Reported Killed in Revolt Shown to Have Been Engineered By Russian Bolsheviki. Berlin, Jan. 13.—The govern ment, having taken the last of the Berlin Spartacan strong holds, struck a more decisive blow at the bolshevik revolution by the arrest of the Russian bolshevik emissary, Karl Radek, whose millions of corruption funds, according to his boasts, have been financing the civil war in Berlin in the effort to set up a soviet government. Russians were also found fighting among the Spartacan forces captured. » In addition to Radek, the cabinet also has arrested Rosa Luxemburg, woman associate of Dr. Karl Leidknecht in the leadership of the rebellious Spar tacans. The arrest was made when the troops were cleaning out the central office of the Spartacan.s last night, when Dr. Lied knecht's son also was taken. The capture of the Spartacan office was effected by the free use of hand grenades. The soldiers burned in the street an immense quantity of bolshevik literature. 13,000 More Troops Arrive. The Silesian railway station was the last important Spartacan strongholds in Greater Berlin to be taken by govern ment forces. ♦ Iteports indicate the Spartacan forces have lost 1,300 killed since the outbreak of the revolution. 'lorernment troops, numbering 13,000 arrived in Berlin Saturday, but with the strengthening of its military forces, the cabinet is reported to be losing its in fluence among the masses. Twenty-eight mass meetings were planuetl for today at Berlin for the purpose of off-setting this trend. Spartacan forces outside of Berlin have been able to a certain extent, to interfere with the arrival of government re-inforcements. At Lautsch, near Leip sie, they are reported to bave disarmed three train loands of troops on their way to Berlin. Police Station Stormed. The capture of the police headquartera was'effected early Sunday morning. Ic the bombardment tho government troops used 10.5 centimeter field pieces. The real revolutionary headquarters for the entire insurgent campaign has been in the building and its capture left the revolutionists without any important stronghold in Greater Berlin excepting the Silesian railway station and the Boetzow brewery. These were taken dur ing the night. The troops again surrounded police headquarters late Saturday evening and machine gun fire was opened soon after midnight. The defenders replied energet ically and for some hours were able to keep their machine gun fire going. The artillery fire began at 4 o'clock in the morning and the fire of the de fenders gradually died away and ceased entirely after 55 shells had been sent into the building by tjie soldiers. The attacking party in the final as sault worked its way forward with hand grenades and stormed the building from two sides. The number of Spartacans jiulli'd out of hiding places and locked up is placed at more than 300. Women Fought With Reds. Some, of the captured Spartacans be g an cheering for I»r. Liebknecht as th >\v were, being marched thru the streets, but the soldeirs shut, their mouths in sum mary fashion. The soldiers returned to (Continneff on Paer Two) force, the duty of which would be to watch over air routes and frontiers. The Evening News today says that it has been officially informed that the British admiralty is embarking on a big program of airship construction. Airships are being built with a gas capacity of 2,500,000 cubic feet. The aircraft will have a large lifting capacity and will be able to make between sixty and seventy miles an hour. They will carry crews of 25 men and be capable of staying in the air a week. The newspaper says a regular airship mail service between England and the United States during the summer of 1920 is regarded aa certain by airship builders.