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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, January 14, 1919, Image 1

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Russians Spur Old and New World Riots
First Peace Edict: Foe Must Restore Loot
Some Lassoed Resisting
Arrest; City Resuming
Normal Course.
Buenos Aires, Jan. 13.— Las
soeing strike leaders, today, add
ed a tinge of the comic to the
very grave situation of anarchy
now spending its energies here
Rafter four days of revolution.
Eight hundred are now under
More than 600 are Russian
bolsheviki—80 per cent of the
Ten per cent are Argenti
nians. The remaining 10 per
cent are of mixed nationalities.
That is the disquieting feature
of the situation. Russia, out of
the grave of order is spreading
the deadly infection of anarchy
in the most progressive repub
lics of South America and her
bolshevik Napoleons mean to ov
erturn them and rear in their
place an edifice of murder and
disorder such as has supplanted
the old empire of the czars in
The arrest of a band of Rus
sian anarchists at Montevideo,
yesterday, and the confession of
one, revealed that the designs
of 'the bolsheviki were centered
on Argentina and UrugUày.
Reports from Montevideo say
authorities there are strengthen
ing their forces against the bol
shevist movement. Troops have
been thrown around Villa de
Cerro, localizing strike disorders
to that district, where there are
American packing houses.
Buenos Aires, today, was slowly re- '
covering from the effects .of the genera! !
strike and the situation, this morning. |
was approaching normal. A few of the !
large stores, in an effort to inspire con
fidence, opened -their doors. As the day
progressed, other stores opened, taxi
cabs appeared on the streets for the first
time in several days and a partial street
car service was resumed.
Three hundred strikers and strike agi
' tators were arrested Sunday in Buenos
Aires, it,is learned from government
Some of the ringleaders resisted arrest
and were lassoed by police officers and
dragged to the police stations.
Boast Trouble May I.
The prisoners, who are confined in
military barracks, boast that the move
ment will be renewed on May 1, but the
government believes that the arrest of
800 of the ringleader» will end the
No serious clashes had been reported
anywhere since 10 o'clock last night. At
that hour it was believed the government
had the situation in hand.
Fight at Sugar Factory.
Severe fighting occurred at a sugar
refinery in Kosario, yesterday, following
the declaration of a general strike. The
number of casualties has not been re
Civilian guards with rifles and drawn
revolvers patrolled Buenos Aires Sun
day, breaking up crowds and arresting
suspicious characters. It is announced
that 150 persons suspected of being im
plicated in n bolshevist movement aimed
at the overthrow of the government had
been arrested.
Patrols of guards were fired upon sev
eral times. During the evening a "re
pentent Maximalist" confessed, according
(Continued on Pape Two).
Helena, Jan.- 13.—Co-operation of the
general i .1 'ic is not only welcome, but
is earnestly requested, by the commission
appointed under a joint resolution of the
senate and house to investigate the-con
ditions of buying and selling in Montana.
Senator Edwin S. Booth, author of the
resolution and chairman of the commit
tee, made public the announcement, to
night, that all meetings of the committee
would be open to the public, and that in
formation likely to prove valuable to the
•work of the commission is earnestly de
An informal meeting of the commission
was held this evening. It'is likely that
the first formal meeting will be held
Thursday. According to members of the
Armistice Prolonged on
Terms of Restoration to
Regions Devastated
During War.
Occupation of Ports is
Suggested; Full Confer
ence Will Meet on Sat
urday, January 18.
Paris, Jan . 13. — Germany
must give back all her loot.
The Supreme Peace Council,
today, in its second meeting,
made extension of the armistice
dependent on this.
Guns, railroad stock and mon
ey taken from the cities and oth
er regions ravaged during hos
tilities must all be restored.
If Germany moves too slowly
in obedience to this decree, the
allies may occupy some of its
ports ajid speed up delivery.
The occupation would be under
taken not only as a guarantee
for carrying out by Germany of
the armistice conditions, but al
so as punishment for Germany's
dilatory methods, so far, in com
plying with some of the terms
of the armistice.
The supreme council of the peace con
gress resumed its sessions at 3 o'clock
this afternoon, at the French foreign of
fice, with the distinguished gathering of
vesterday augmented by the presence of
Japan among the great powers repre
sented and a notable gathering of mili
tary, naval, economic and financial rep
resentatives of the various powers.
The morning session was given over
to the allied military advisers and Mar
shal Foch presided. It prepared the
new conditions of the armistice for the
afternoon session and also examined into
the Polish situation.
The Germans, contrary to the stipula
tions of the clauses in the armistice with
regard to the eastern front, are reported
to be maneuvering in every way so as
to impede the Poles in organizing their
country and in defending themselves
against the advancing bolshevik forces.
(Continued on Fage Two).
V. Iii. C. 1. S
S1.732.181 IN WAR
Now York, .Tan. 1,3.—The most em
phatic answer that the. Young Men's
Christian association can make to the
charges of profiteering that hare been
made by returning soidiers is that the
organization has distributed free $1.400,
flOO Vorth of canteen supplies, William
Sloane, chairman of the organization's
war work council, said in a statement
issued here today.
This total, he said, is exclusive M a
loss of $.'532,181 in operating soldiers'
stores in Great Britain. Mr. Sloane said
his statement was based on a cabled re
port : from E. C. Carter, chief secretary
of the organization in Paris, and that
the figures do not include the post ex
change deficit for November and Decem
Asserting tiiat army officials had pre
ferred to have canteen service run on a
cost basis bemuse they "did not wish to
have the soldier feel that he was being
pauperized," Mr. Sloane said that, even
excluding rentals and clerk hire, for
whi<h no charge was made, the Y. M. C.
A. conducted its canteens at an actual
Free use of athletic supplies and free
entertainments were not included in the
grand total, he said. Another item ex
cluded from the total was $(>00.000 ap
propriated b.v the council for a six
months' supply of stationary. Mr. Sloane
added that in November alone, soldiers
wrote 14,069,305 letters on red triangle
committee, it is first planned to call upon
Professor Alfred Atkins, of Bozeman,
food administrator for the state, and in
terrogate him as to conditions which
were discovered by him during the prog
ress of his work during the war.
Declaring itself heartily in favor of
the probe of price conditions, the Mon
tana Municipal league, today, passed a
resolution approving the appointment of
the commission, and endorsing the ob
jects and purposes of the resolution un
der which the committee was appointed.
The league urges the continuance of
the work of the commission if it is found
that its purposes cannot be accomplished
prior to the adjournment of the legisla
i tive session.
Washington, Jan. 13.—Death for the former kaiser,
life ••imprisonment of von Bernstorf f, von Papen and Dr.
Bernhard Dernburg, repudiation of Germany's war debts,
and payment of the entire cost of the war out of the coffer
of Germany were suggested by Senator Myers, of Montana,
fé for the final peace pact, speaking today in the senate.
He said that Germany's fleet should be divided among
the allies, and its merchant vessels and the kaiser's per
sonal fortune, too, should be turned over to the victors.
"If Germany refuses to surrender the former kaiser,"
said Senator Myers, "the United States army should forcibly
take him and execute him."
Labor Congress Meeting
Today Will First Ask
Chicago, Jan. 13.—Representatives of j
trade unions from nearly every state j
arrived here, today, 'to attend the Na- j
tional Labor congress, tomorrow, ac j
which it is planned to make a formal '
demand that Thomas J. Mooney and j
Warren Billings, now serving life sen
tences for murder in connection with the j
San Francisco preparedness day parade, i
July 22, 1016, be given a new trial. It j
is expected that more than 5(H) delegates j
■will attend. The congress has been called
by the International Workers' Defense j
Four Plans for Retrial.
Several plans of action will be sub
mitted to the meeting for consideration:
First—Appointment of a special
committee of labor representatives
to confer with President Wilson and
members of congress and request
that the department of justice be
instructed to invoke the power of
a writ of habeas corpus to obtain
new trials for the defendants.
Second—That the department of
labor be urged to carry to a prac
tical conclusion its investigation of
the charge that the men were con
victed on perjured testimony.
Third—That, either congress or
each state pass laws which will
(Continued on Pasn Two).
Officers and Some Delegates of Cascade
County Farm Bureau Session Yesterday
Photo by Heyn.*
Key to Whole Situation
in Europe, He Cables
Congress Leaders in
Appeal for $ 1 00,000,
Bolshevism Sweeping
Onward From Russia
Into Germany and Men
acing World, Double
Washington, Jan. 13.— President
Wilson's renewed request today, in
a message cabled from Paris, declar
ing food alone could stop the onward
march of bolshevism, brought about
the passage in the house tonight of
the bill appropriating $100,000,000
for food relief in European countries
other than Germany. The vote was
243 to 73. The measure now goes
to the senate, where administration
leaders plan early action.
Food relief, the president's mes
sage said, was the key to the whole
European situation and to the solu
tion of peace, and that European
statesmen urged immediate and con
certed action as a means of stem
ming the tide of famine.
Supplementing,the president's message
cauigr another to the state department
from Henry White of the American peace"
delegation, at Paris, which said the
"startling westward advance of bolshev
ism" dominated the entire European sit
ation above all else, and that it. was of
the greatest importance that the presi
dent's request be granted at once.
Peace Palsied Otherwise.
Bolshevism, Mr. Whife said, "now
completely controls Russia and Poland,
and is spreading through Germany." and.
apparently, the only effective barrier is
food relief, lie added that it was im
possible to inaugurate the peace confer
ence under proper auspices without pre
vious adequate " provisions to cope with
this situation.
Party lines were effaced in the house
debate anil vote and. despite energetic
demands by opponents of the bill for;
more specific information regarding the j
proposed expenditure, and criticism of \
(Continued on Pago Two).
Bourgeois Outline Also
Imposes Compulsory
Paris, Jan. 13—(Havas).—Leon Bour
geois, former premier and the French
authority on a league of nations, said,
today, that it had been agreed upon with
the French government that tiie French
association of a league of nations would
endeavor to reach an agreement as to
procedure with similar associations, es
pecially in Great Britain and the United
States. The former premier outlined the
following plan:
First—The issuance, before the
beginning of peace negotiations, of a
solemn declaration „by the allies, fix
ing the fundamental rules of the
organization of a league of nations,
with the assurance of the immediate
observance of the rules among them
Second—The peace treaty shall
contain the obligation of compulsory
arbitration and limitation of arma
Third—Immediately after the sign
ing of peace a universal conference
shall be called to fix the details of a
league of nations. The conference
would look into the rights of each
nation and would consider what
should be done to a state resisting
the decision of the league. It also
• would take measures concerning any
state not belonging to the league,
and which caused trouble by vio
Tho project forsees, in order to
complete the submission of such a
state or states, the constitution of an
armed force having international
control and the establishment of dip
lomatic. judiciary and economic mea
sures tending to isolate the rebellious
state and compelling it to depend
upon its own resources." ,
Germany, Mr. Bourgeois added, would
have to undergo not only a political
revolution, but also a moral one.
(Continued on Pago Two).
Nearly Motored Into Target
Practice; Danced Badly With
Fair Americans.
Cobjenz, Jan. 13.— The Prince of
Wales had a narrow escape from autoing
into a volley of machine gun fire during
his visit to the American army of occu
pation here. lie returned to the British
sector this afternoon. He said good bv&
to General Dickman at a luncheon at
which he was the guest of Major Gen
eral Hines in the castle of the Prince of
Wied, at Neuwied.
While in the American zone, the
prince was treated as an ordinary cap
tain, the rank designated by his uni
form, t h," n as the heir to the British
Saturday, an automobile with news
paper correspondents traveling ahead of
the prince's machine was halted near
Cochem by a German, who exhibited a
bullet and explained that a machine gun
company was at target practice. The
steady popping of guns beyond the hill
added emphasis to his story.
An officer stationed nearby was noti
(Continnetl on Pasc Two)
Can't Bring Your Own
Drinks in, Says High
est Court.
Washington. Ja*. 13.—The supreme
court held, today, that the Reed "bone
dry" prohibition amendment prohibits
interstate transportation into dry
states of intoxicating liquors for bev
erage purposes, even when intended
for personal use.
justice McReynoIds. in a dissenting
opinion, concurred in by Justice Clark,
declared the Reed amendment was not
an interstate commerce regulatory
measure, but a direct intermeddling
with a state's affairs and beyond fed
eral power.
As interpreted by the court, the law
nullifies state statutes permitting
amounts of liquor to bo brot in for
personal use.
Allied Financial Advis
ers Urge Creation as
Exchange Device.
Washington, Jan. 13.—Establishment
of a gold settlement fund of several
hundred million dollars, to fecilitate
foreign exchange transactions and elimi
nate the necessity of shipping quantities
of gold between countries, is under
discussion among financial advisers of
the allied government and may be plan
ned at the forthcoming peace confer
The purpose of thi3 fund, which ï*rob
ably would be deposited in trust with
the Bank of England, would be to form
the basis for credit transactions between
nations in the same way that the Amer
ican federal reserve system's gold settle
ment fund now constitutes the basis for
transfers of credit among reserve banks,
making it unnecessary to transfer goid'
within the country.
Exchange balances between countries,
instead of being settled by actual ship
ping of gold, ai, would be done in normal
times, would be arranged by simple 'book
Allied financiers propose tentatively that
a half billion dollars be the maximum
size of the fund at first, and that neutral
countries be admitted, if they choose to
Eventually this might become an inter
national gold pool, guaranteeing exchange
ci-'Mrings between all countries.
The United States contribution to the
fund, as now discussed, probably would
not be more than $-00.000.0*K). The
government now holds in treasury vaults
more than $2,500,000.000 gold, of which
$1 ,.v5j|000,000 is in the federal reserve
settlement fund, and $882,000,000 as the
basis for outsatnding gold certificates.
Legislation would be required as a
The fund would be used only for cur
rent transactions, not to settle debts
now owed the United States by the
Leo Reno is Found
Guilty of Sedition
Helena, Jan. 13.— Leo Ueno, a Helena
saloon employe, was found guilty of
sediticn here in the state court today
by a jury, which recommended imprison
ment of from ten to twenty years.
* Montenegro Demands
Italians Withdraw
I Belgrade, Jan. 13.—The immedi
ate withdrawal from Montenegro of
all tho Italian troops is demanded by
the Montenegrin national assembly.
London, Jan. 13.—(British Wireless
Service.)—General Brancker, who is
giving up his post as master general of
personnel in the air ministry to devote
his time to commercial aviation, in an
interview with the Daily Express, today,
asserted that a flight across the M lantic
probably would be accomplished in May.
He added that the trip was feasiblo at
the present moment, as there were
three or four types of airplanes available
which are capable of making the flight.
General Brancker said the time was
not far distant when airplanes would be
owned and driven as automobiles are
today. He said it probably would be
accessary to establish an aerial police
Berlin Cabinet Gains Up
per Hand But Loses
Popularity With Prole
tariat in Victory.
1300 Reported Killed in
Revolt Shown to Have
Been Engineered By
Russian Bolsheviki.
Berlin, Jan. 13.—The govern
ment, having taken the last of
the Berlin Spartacan strong
holds, struck a more decisive
blow at the bolshevik revolution
by the arrest of the Russian
bolshevik emissary, Karl Radek,
whose millions of corruption
funds, according to his boasts,
have been financing the civil war
in Berlin in the effort to set up
a soviet government.
Russians were also found
fighting among the Spartacan
forces captured. »
In addition to Radek, the
cabinet also has arrested Rosa
Luxemburg, woman associate
of Dr. Karl Leidknecht in the
leadership of the rebellious Spar
The arrest was made when the
troops were cleaning out the
central office of the Spartacan.s
last night, when Dr. Lied
knecht's son also was taken.
The capture of the Spartacan office
was effected by the free use of hand
grenades. The soldiers burned in the
street an immense quantity of bolshevik
13,000 More Troops Arrive.
The Silesian railway station was the
last important Spartacan strongholds in
Greater Berlin to be taken by govern
ment forces. ♦
Iteports indicate the Spartacan forces
have lost 1,300 killed since the outbreak
of the revolution.
'lorernment troops, numbering 13,000
arrived in Berlin Saturday, but with the
strengthening of its military forces, the
cabinet is reported to be losing its in
fluence among the masses. Twenty-eight
mass meetings were planuetl for today at
Berlin for the purpose of off-setting this
Spartacan forces outside of Berlin
have been able to a certain extent, to
interfere with the arrival of government
re-inforcements. At Lautsch, near Leip
sie, they are reported to bave disarmed
three train loands of troops on their way
to Berlin.
Police Station Stormed.
The capture of the police headquartera
was'effected early Sunday morning. Ic
the bombardment tho government troops
used 10.5 centimeter field pieces.
The real revolutionary headquarters
for the entire insurgent campaign has
been in the building and its capture left
the revolutionists without any important
stronghold in Greater Berlin excepting
the Silesian railway station and the
Boetzow brewery. These were taken dur
ing the night.
The troops again surrounded police
headquarters late Saturday evening and
machine gun fire was opened soon after
midnight. The defenders replied energet
ically and for some hours were able to
keep their machine gun fire going.
The artillery fire began at 4 o'clock
in the morning and the fire of the de
fenders gradually died away and ceased
entirely after 55 shells had been sent
into the building by tjie soldiers.
The attacking party in the final as
sault worked its way forward with hand
grenades and stormed the building from
two sides. The number of Spartacans
jiulli'd out of hiding places and locked up
is placed at more than 300.
Women Fought With Reds.
Some, of the captured Spartacans be
g an cheering for I»r. Liebknecht as th >\v
were, being marched thru the streets, but
the soldeirs shut, their mouths in sum
mary fashion. The soldiers returned to
(Continneff on Paer Two)
force, the duty of which would be to
watch over air routes and frontiers.
The Evening News today says that it
has been officially informed that the
British admiralty is embarking on a big
program of airship construction. Airships
are being built with a gas capacity of
2,500,000 cubic feet. The aircraft will
have a large lifting capacity and will be
able to make between sixty and seventy
miles an hour. They will carry crews of
25 men and be capable of staying in
the air a week.
The newspaper says a regular airship
mail service between England and the
United States during the summer of
1920 is regarded aa certain by airship

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