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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
W. M. BOLK, Editor O. 8. WAUDEN, aiiuuucer LEONARD (Î. DIEHIi Business M »nager EDITORIAL PAGE THE PEACE CONFERENCE. The peace conference will probably convene next week. It has been slow in assembling and getting to work—very slow when one considers the importance of its work to millions of people in many nations whose whole future plans and actions must depend on it and what it does. The long delay in its beginning work was getting on f the nerves of some people in this country and the allied countries. We are glad to learn at last it is going to do something. We are also glad to know that the United States was in no way to blame for the delay. The president of the United States has been over there for five weeks now, ready to begin, and our delegates were named and on the ground before any of the other na tions concerned had even selected their dele gates. A good deal of the responsibility for the delay falls on Great Britain .. First, we had to wait for a parliamentary election there. Then we had to wait two weeks to get all the votes counted, for the British army in distant places took part in the election. Then we had to wait until Lloyd George could figure out his new cab inet. Meantime, vast numbers of men who will be vitally affected by the decisions of this peace conference in their personal affairs and business affairs had to wait with what patience they can and prolong their uncertainty. The demobiliza tion of millions of men in the allied armies awaits the decisions of this peace conference. The raising of the allied blockade so that enemy coun tries and neutral countries also may freely im port food stuffs and raw materials to start up their stagnant industries also awaits that de cision. It means renewed industry and employ ment for many millions in many countries. Then there is the political re-arrangements. Men want to know what government they are going to live under before they start up business again. In case it is not going to be satisfactory to them many will wish to emigrate to new surroundings before they begin the process of rebuilding their ruined personal fortunes. It is not strange that there is some irritation manifest over the slow action of the peace conference in getting to work. Its delays are enormously costly to a whole world. But we are now assured that this delay is about ended. The delegates of the various iwers are all selected and most of them on the ! ! I [.und. Preliminary conversation.«? between the gates of the principal powers have been arted and such minor matters as the official language to be used in the public meetings, the order in which various subjects are to be taken up. the methods of discussion and publicity for results, the number of delegates, and their weight in the conference, for each of the partic ipating powers—these are some of the ques tions decided and to be decided at the prelimin ary conversations. The peace conference proper will meet next week, we are told, and get down to business. Perhaps the most important news that comes to us from the preliminary conference is the fact that agreement has been reached to make the formation of a league of nations the first busi ness before the peace conference. The defini tion of its powers and methods of applying these may be worked out more gradually as its needs are disclosed by subsequent action of the peace conference, and the tasks laid upon the league of nations, but we are told that the present plan and agreement contemplates the building up of fthe whole peace treaty around the frame work of a league of nations. That will not be pleasant news to Messrs. Lodge, Knox, Smoot, et al. They want that matter postponed for the present and peace made first, after which they, no doubt, feel that the plan for a league of nations will fail because there will be no use for it. The i.greement of the allied nations points to an ex actly contrary policy. The kicking senators •irhpuld lose no time in sending a round robin Protesting against the act of the allied nations of IS urope in giving any consideration to this seîBeme of a league of nations at this time, or in fact, against the peace conference taking any action at all without first consulting them indi vidually and collectively and obtaining their ap qbation and consent, on pain of having their tion nullified when the peace treaty is brot up the senate for ratification. They owe such ftrning to their own self importance and sense senatorial dignity. Well, perhaps the peace conference will over look that point for the sake of promptness in getting results, and if they do we have a feeling that the masses of the people in this country and Europe who are ignorant of the importance of ihe senatorial kickers, but are in a big hurry to know where they are going to be at after peace is made, will excuse them and overlook their break. It is going to be no small job to make this peace treaty, and it is an impossible job to make it on lines that will satisfy everybody. But we think there will be general approval of the de termination to take up the question of a league of nations at the first sitting and thresh that out ii s well as may be. So-far* thefe is unanimous agreement on the principle of the thing, but forty different plans of accomplishing the re sults desired. If the league of nations can once be formed it can be made a framework for the rest of the treaty. It is a fact, cheèring in its significance, that the leading nations that fought this war have all come to the conclusion that it is- a necessity. The visit of President Wilson abroad has been a powerful influence to bring even this degree of concord about according to the universal testimony of those in a position to know the facts, and the president's trip is abundantly justified already if this be so. t0 dpf y the wUI of the ma - |ont - v THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT 9 At the present writing it looks as tho the sane and law abiding forces of Germany had the radi cal and criminal elements under control. The latter always fly like rats to their holes when confronted by determined men not afraid to use force with them. The first thing the bolsheviki do when they get control anywhere is to open the jails and release all the murderers, thieves and criminals whose natural instincts are to ward crime and give them a free hand in loot ing and stealing and destroying life and prop erty. That was the case in Russia, and the same policy was followed out in Berlin and other Ger man cities where the bolsheviki got control. The idea is that this class of criminals will inspire terror and submission. They do among ignorant and uneducated peoples. But there is no greater natural coward than the criminal. He can be cruel and blood-thirsty enough when he has a big advantage in numbers or position. But all experience has shown that he has a yellow streak in his nature and will not stand up and fight unless cornered or in greatly superior force. He runs when confronted by equal force every time. The present German government only profes ses to be a temporary one waiting to turn over its powers to a constituted assembly elected by the people. That election has just been held, and the results show that only a very small frac tion of the people in Germany have any sym pathy with the bolshevik principles or methods. It was the same in Russia when a constituent assembly was elected there. But the smaller : ; : I i ' : i j ; I i j I ! i i I ! I I bolsheviki group had the arms and the force back j of them and used it without the slightest scruple i They sought the same result in Germany and tried to attain it by the same means. But in Germany a major portion of the soldiers who returned from the front refused to be fooled by the Russian an archists or to be bought by their stolen gold, and they stood by the temporary government and the elected constituent assembly that is to suc ceed it. The result was the hasty flight of the braggart anarchists, who delight in murder where it can be done with safety to their own skins, but are by no means willing to fight at the expense of their skins. A few whiffs of grape shot, Napoleon once said, is the medicine that cures revolutionists of that type, and he applied the remedy with great success in his day. It seems equally potent for the same purpose where it has been tried these days, whether it be in Siberia, Argentina or Germany. Forces of law and order once organized and armed, always puts these criminals to rout wherever the numbers on each side are anywhere equal, and often the anarchists and criminals are in a large majority. Force is the only thing these criminals respect. There should bé no hesitation in applying the remedy wherever they commence their nefarious work. That is the lesson of experience. ©fjt ©pinions of ©tfjers TY'LL HAVE TO FIND OUT HIMSELF. (Ohio State Journal.) Mr. Taft has declined the earnest invitation to beeom permanent tribunal for the settlement of all base-ball dis putes, so now we don't suppose we ever shall have the pleasure of seeing him show Ty Cobb which is the best way to slide to second. USING KINGS FOR CADDIES. (Dallas News.) Of «-ourse it i.s none of our business, but we think that the Scotch soldiers along the Rhine ought to be allowed to play a little golf at the Cologne Country Club. HE'S HUNGRY NOW. (Anaconda Standard.) The average German is now as mild a mannered man ever bombed a hospital or sank a hospital ship. GERMANY'S FEET COULDN'T BE COLDER. (.Macon Telegraph.) A real mean guy suggests that the heating arrangement. at the peace conference be left to Doc Garfield, so the con ferenee won't hang on too long. j j I ; i ! j : ! ! • j j j , j j i a î IT'LL LOOK BIG NEXT MAY. (Columbia Record.) The guy who kicks about, only a quart a month now will i probably appreciate the wisdom of the adage about not de- | spising the day of small things. A GOOD SUGGESTION. (Thrift Magazine.» Invesl your liberty bond coupons in thrift stamps thus get the affable Mr. Compound interest on the job you night and day. trul NOT SO MUCH FOAM. PLEASE. ( Lima Times- De moe/at. t The eighth wonder of the world will be a visit to a Cin cinnati soda fountain along about next June and hear a Cin cinnati man ask for a "vanilla soda.". THE LAST REFUGE GOING. (Cleveland Plain Dealer.) After Ohio goes dry. Detroit will be unable reason for the existence of Toledo to see the I HASKIN LETTER By FREDERIC J. HASKIN BUILD NOW ! Washington, Jan. 13.—No less than three billion dollar« worth of private and public building projects in the United States were postponed as a result of the war, according to an estimate made b.v the department of labor. The immediate resumption of this work, and the initiation of as much more necessary construction work as the pri vate and public capital of tie country can carry, are the only measures that can avert an ere. of unemployment .and labor unrest, with all the injury to busi ness ami financial conditions which in evitably accompany such a condition, in the opinion of labor department officials. It is for this reason that the labor de partment has created a new division— i that of public works and construction de ! velopment. This division will co-operate with states, «ties and individuals wish ing to undertake constructive work. During the war the labor department built up a machinery which became very effective in the work of finding men for jobs. Now it faces the problem of find ing jobs for men. The seriousness of that problem can scarcely be exaggerated. Soldiers, are now being discharged at the rate of about fifieea thousand a day, and many of them have no work lo turn to. The Labor well ha-s already overflowed, and only prompt action can avert a flood. The administration is at, work on the preliminary investigation for a measure which will provide for the reclamation of thousands of square mile* of swamp and cut-over land, and the making of the reclaimed areas into farms for soldiers. This work would give employment to an army. But the measure is not even for mulatnd as yet, and when it comes he fore congress it will be months before its passage. The present emergency must be met by the state and city government and by private capital. The work of this new division will be primarily to bring capital and laixir to either so as to obtain the best results. It will assist the leaders in the build ing industry by giving them expert a 1 vice and information relative to the de «»and for building in all parts of the country. It will aid labor by providing employment to large numbers of soldiers and workmen discharged from war plants. The advice given will be expert he cause professional men have been called upon to handle this work. F. T. Miller, who is organizing the work, is a well known publisher of industrial publica tiens. The investigations and inquiries will be directed by a group of economists and special investigators, supplied by the department of labor and other govern or borrowH from Th '- c; *kh»p of economists and men will make n tboro pti rvcy of th** country and collect statistics in resard to price and supply of building materials, and the amount of labor available and ira cost, ihe vaines of land, prevailing rents. the supply of capital, and the amount of construction held up by the war. This data will be available for the use of any e,immunity or builder in deter mining whether it is advisable to under take public or private construction in a given place. The department of labor will also con duct an active «ttmpaign to encourage building operations. It is expected that the building industry will respond to this artily. for ev Kuropean war as«vl until now the beginning of construction has de 't is practically at a TRAVELETTE Pv N1KSAII. DRUID rim of ; TEMPLE. cup formed by the Within mountains of the English lake district, lies a ragged circle of stones. A child of a giant race might have set up these; mammoth pebbles in an attempt at the outline of a house foundation. As a mat ter of fact Druid priests are said to have directed the placing of the stones; to form an incloaure with an altar at one >nd. thus forming the simplest form of architecture known—a Druid temple. Midnight was considered by the Druids as the appropriate hour for some of their most solemn ceremonies. The weird and impressive aspect of this and other Druid temples at night, has not been changed by time. All about the magic circle are the, mountains, gray and purple in the shad-1 owy night. The moon sends shafts of light across the peaks, anil strikes the gaunt, old stones with a greenish glow.; The stillness of this shut-in temple seems waiting to be broken by the wail of a Druid invoking the gods, or by the crackle of flames upon the altar, This is the place said to have seen] the lait Druid rites. The tradition is that a maiden chosen as a sacrifice to drive away a plague from the people was rescued, as the fire was about to con sume her, by a dosen streams of water rushing down the mountain sides. When the flames were extinguished' the water rolled back and the intended victim walk ed out unharmed. At this unmistakable sign from the gods, the Druids abandoned their human sacrifices, and even, it is sometimes said, their sacred temple. SEARCHLIGHT. Canada has banished the old style Ca nadian penny, famous for its huge size,: and has ado|>ted in it.« place a coin the] size of the United States copper. rORTY-FIVE APPLICATIONS FOR CITIZENSHIP TAKEN UP. Special to The Daily Tribune, Malta, .Ian. 10, -Judgo Horly con side red 45 applications for full citizen ship Saturday. Among those who were admitted were Harm Meyer. Chas. H . Duvail. Hubert Aikins. Robert Arnold, Charles Kvaiis, James II. G Keiljcy. Pat M. Chrisi iauson, Carl Hart. Olaf Holm, Felix. Strom. Henry Granthier, Albert >rummond. John J. Aikins, Michaeli Murphy, Duncan K. Cameron, Joseph; Albus and Hans Rushtnan. Albus is aii Austrian and Uushman is a German. They are among the first inj the state to be admitted to citizenship since the signing of the armistice. Judge Hurl.v was assisted by Dan Pearsell, who represented the govern ment Judge Hurl.v granted the pica of Mrs. Mary Anderson for a divorce from John Anderson, adultery being alleged as the ground. . Resembling lazy tongs, a new holder for bunches of asparagus grips the stalks firmly and prevents the tips breaking while being cooked. j | ! | i ; j ; J j ; ; j j standstill. The increase in rents is indi cative of the shortage of houses. It must not Im « supposed, however, tbut the department of labor will en courage building just for the sake of the employment it will give. The new di vision of public works and construction development will be very careful not to stimulate economically unsound enter prises. A point to be emphasized is the ad visability of beginning building* oper ations immediately. One reason for the serious labor situation at the close of I the Civil War was that building was - then limited to short seasons. Now oper j at ion s can be carried on as far north î as New York in the coldest weather. ; Modern science is fast overcoming nature ! by such inventions as electric riveters j and the rt.se of «team in thawing out the frozen ground. For instance, all the j ground-breaking and foundation work at j flog Island shipyard was done in the ! dead of winter last year. The department of labor will urge the i completion of the subway and elevated j lines under construction in Philadelphia, and other similar work in iarge cities. Inquiries from Ilarrisburg, Pa., show I that municipality is getting ready to go ! ahead with municpal projects delayed by the war. The demand for residential and business construction in Washington, ! D. C... is greater than ever before. Chi ! cago has a Union Station to complete. At the close of the war, the depart i ment of labor estimated the labor short : age at one million workers. This short i age has now disappeared entirely, and i the scales are already tipping the other way. It. is quite clear that this situation is only temporary, but. it is aiso quit" clear that ii will be worse before it i.s better. That is. at the present time only a small percentage of the navy and about one-fifth of the army have been de mobilised. Add to the number of soldiers »and sailors soon to be discharged the j vast army of those engaged in war occupations who will be turned off oa account of contract cancellations, and you get an idea of the condition that, is coming. The labor market will be flooded long before the manufacturing industries will be ready to absorb their share of labor .and long before the farmers are ready for the army of "hands" which they will demand in time. The temporality of this situation may minimise its seriousness in the eyes of governments and employers, but the soldier who has just received bis dis charge and the munition worker .who has been given notice, are not so in terested in the jobs that await them next summer or the big opportunities that will com* in the falL They want t<> know how they can fed their families and pay the rent. The landlord and grocer can not be put off wilh promises about the future. Work now! That is the demand of hundreds of thousands. And surely there is work enough to be done. ! " ne n !•»('>/ ment has n<*ver been due to a real lack of work that needed to be done, but always to a lack of initiative on the part of those who bad control of the capital tiece-'sary for its doing, A nation which ha< million of acre-s of bush and swamp to reclaim, a whole system of canals to be impr >ved or built, thousands of miles of outworn road to b«» rWaid >« that it will carry the growing truck traffic, and billions of dollars worth of ; delayed housing projects to complete, has no r>'al excuse for leaving men un- ! einploye-L 10TSIIMI» FREE Tfl SI 11 "Q ü State College at Bozem:v T;.Kt. Precaution Against Im .ds of Influenza. Special to The Daily Tribune. Boteman, Jan. 10. With the L:. < -■*. epidemic spreading over Montana J second wave, the faculty of the M. State college of agriculture aud nc ic arts at Bozeman has taken ever;, pre caution to safeguard ihe itealfh of -in dents. L ;m Friday the students were notified that inoculation would be given free of charge to those desiring it. Inoc ulations of the anti-influenza sertira were administered by Mrs. W. C. Mi - Crue, wife of the state bacteriologist. Most of the students availed them selves of the opportunity of obtaining free inoculation. It was made clear that the college was not demanding that all students take the inoculation, but was offering it free to those .who did desire it. The inoculation will be given over a period of about tiO days, in three "in stallments." Physicians declare that no person so inoculated has developed pneu monia. that very few ever develop the influenza and that even those few con tracting influenza have a very mild at tack. The inoculations themselves have in no case caused serins trouble to the per son taking them. The system <»f home quarantine has been established in Bozeman for the cases now known and this system will be continued. Mayor Trnitt of Boseman has warned citizens that the home quaran tine rules must be obeyed to the letter. While the college faculty does not ex pect serious interference from the second influenza wave no pains are being spared to keep the students free from all dan ger. Anti-Saloon League Chooses Officers Helena. Jan. 15. At the annual meet- • im; of the Montana anti-saloon league, I here, the following officers were elect ; ed : lVesident, George \V, Miles, Miles j City: secretary. Rev. Charles N. Donald-! son. Helena: treasurer, O. J. Thomas, j I'.illings: state superintendent, Rev. Jos-j eph Pope. Hillings, (retired.) WOMAN WHO FOR 16 YEARS LIVED IN MISSOULA IS DEAD Special to The Daily Tribune. Missoula. Jan. lö. Mrs. Daniel Arms, for lt> years a resident of Missoula, died here after an operation. She was the wife of Daniel Arms, an official of t he i Hiaekfoot Land iV Development com pany. They were married i.n Hutte in 1 INNS». She is survived by a sister. Mrs. D. A. McDougal of Philipsburg, and by tw brothers, Joseph and Elijah Kiîtuey o Gold Creek. United War Work Fund Payment of Subscriptions Is as Follows:— December 2, 1918 50% January 15, 1919 25% March 1, 1919 25% The First Installment Is Now Due Please make payment promptly to S. S. Ford, Treasurer, at the Great Falls National Bank. Payment in full, if convenient, appreciated. Sergeant Back With Memento From Men; Special t.o The Daily Tribune. Malta, Jan. l-">.—-Sergeant If. M. Kir ton, of the law firm of Tressler and Kirton, has returned from Camp Greene, where he was in the tank corps. He brings back a silver cigarette case in scribed "First Sergeant H. M. Kirton, from Co. A äOStn Battalion, Tank Corps, Dec. 11, 1918." CRIPPLED CANADIAN TROOPSHIP IS tN NO PERIL Vancouver, 15. C_ .Ian. 15.—An Otta wa dispatch received here today, says th^. British troopship Protesilaus, carry ing about -000 Siberian-bound Canadian troops, is in no danger. Last night Vlad ivostok cables reported the steamer, when nearing Vladivostok, had sent out a wireless call for assistance, one of her propellers having been broken. Start the New Year Right Systematize your work and save time, labor ami money. Dolt Electrically Just as the modern store, office, or factory, can afford the electric motor, cash register, typewriter, adding and billing machines, so can the modern housewife afford the electric range, dish washer, suction cleaner, floor polisher, sewing machine, washing and ironing machines, because they are acknowledged by all who have used them to be Safe, Clean, Economical and Certain. Whether you do ail or only a part of your own work, it will pay you to look into what the newest electrical de vices will do to relieve you of wasted time, work and worry this New Year. Information and demonstrations cheerfully furnished on all applications of electricity. Call at our display room, or phone 5921. At Your Service The Montana Power Co. Electric Block. r i i LOTS Industrial Sites, Business Lois Trackage Residence Lotsen all parts of the city— with Wiiier, SeweivCement Walks, Boulevards TERMS: !£ Cash, x /i in 1 m & in 2 years 7 Per Cent Interest on Deferred Payments We accept Liberty Bonds at par THE GREAT FALLS TOWNSITE CO. 9V* Third Street South, First National Bank Building Y. M. C. A. Workers Charged With Theft of $38,940 in Paris Paris, Jan. 15.—It became known to day that three Young Men's Christian Association workers are under arrest in Paris charged with defalcation of $38, 't)40 of association funds. The men are George Hehoeffel, former secretary of the Chamber of Commerce of Rochester, N. Y., The Itev. R. T. At kins, of Eagle Pass, Tex., and Mansfield, said to have been a former seer eta ry of the Sailors' union of New York City. DEPUTIES VOTE FOR 30 DAYS MARTIAL LAW IN ARGENTINA REPUBLIC. Buenos Aires, Jan. 15.—1^»e chamber of deputies, today, by a vote of ÜÜ to 5. declared martial law thruout the entire republic for ?»l> days. This is expected to pass the senate and to receive the signature of the president. '