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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17, 1919. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. I. W. W. Defendants Are Convicted Flag Is Hissed in Mooney Congress RUSSIA TOO HOT With Treatment of Press Is Put Off for An other Council. Paris, Jan. 16.— Russia and publicity have bccome poignant questions among the peace delegations. Both were con sidered today by tie supreme peace council, preparatory to the assembling o£ the peace conference Saturday. Russia was disposed of for the time being by deciding to put the matter off till the various governments to the conference could acquaint each other with the latest phases of the situation iu the former empire of the czars. "The problem of the relations between the peace delegates and the press, that is, between the governments and public opinion, is made particularly delicate," fays the Temps, "by the following con siderations: "On the one hand, equality of treat ment for the press of all countries must be assured. As the United States and Great Britain are reluctant to impose restrictions on their newspapers, the only course is to allow the widest tolerance to all. Fear Informing Germans. "On the other hand, it would be harm ful to lay bare to the enemy governments difference of opinion which inevitably arise in discussions between delegations. Contradictions will assuredly be recon ciled, but it would be very unfortunate that Germany should know the details day by day and seek to make capital out of them.'' The situation is compared to a theater when the curtain jams. "The stage is : et. the actors are ready, but the curtain re fuses to budge. "If the curtain rose prematurely, it would throw the glare of the footlights on the fact that even among the five great powers there exists sharp and not diminishing discord." The meeting of the supreme war coun cil at the foreign office this morning, occupying two hours, was the only for mal gathering of the peace delegates today. After the meeting President Wilson. Premier Lloyd George, Secretary Ban ging and Mr. Balfour remained for some time in the ante-chamber of M. Pichon's office in earnest conversation. Setting for Conference. The inauguration of tHe peace con gress on Saturday will be carried out with ceremonies befitting such an occasion. A detachment of troops will pay honors to the arriving delegate's, and Stephen Pichon, the French foreign minister, will receive President Wilson at the head of the steps at the foreign ministry and accompany him to the room where the meeting will begin at 3 o'clock sharp. The plenipotentiaries will sit around a horseshoe table, the middle part of this table being reserved for officers, nie delegations will be grouped by states in alphabetical order as they appear in the Almanach de Gotha. American delegates will be at one end, then those of the British empire. France, Italy and Japan in the order named. After them will (Continued on l 'ait« Two). T GERMAN GIRL FLIRTS Coblenz. Tuesday, Jan. 14. —(By The Associated Press.)—Twenty German girls at Andernach, near here, have been ar rested, charged wkh a violation of General Pershing's order forbidding them to talk with American soldiers. Approximately the same number have been proven guilty of violating the order and have been deported to points within the German lines. The provost guard or military police are certain to interfere should an officer or soldiers attempt to talk to a woman on the street or in a cafe. SEATTLE POLICE SQUELCH PARADE OF I. IV. W. CLANS Seattle, Jan. 16.~~Approximately ."Ï00 workers, leaving an open air mass meet ing and starting a parade thru the city's business district, singing I. W. W. gongs, were dispersed, early tonight, by 20 mounted police officers, supported j by five automobiles containing police armed with carbines and behind these a platoon of police with clubs. j The paraders marched down Third avenue to Yesler Way, where, according j to witnesses, leaders raised the cry, i "Let's go for tbe police station." J Hardly had the men turned into \'es-' 1er Way when the police, who had been j iully aware of their movements, appear ed. Most of the persons in the crow« 1 broke and fled. Thru the groups remain ing the mounted officers rode back andj tuiLïïOF Finnin Hill IS lit M Wild Bees Used by German Troops to Repell British San Francisco, Jan. 16.—Swarms of wild bees were used by German troops wheir> they sought to prevent the landing of the British at Tanga, German East Africa, making impos sible the effective use of machine guns, according to R. M. Ewart, su perintendent of the British East Af rican police, who arrived here today enroyte to London. The German troops, Ewart said, instructed natives to collect millions of wild African bees in wooden hives. These hives were kept in readiness and when the British troops landed the bees were released. "The angry insects swarmed about the men and horses," Ewart said, and while the men were fighting them off, many of them suffering intensely from scores of stings, the Germans turned loose with machine guns, inflicting heavy losses. is 36th State to Ratify Federal Prohibition; Two More Join. Chicago, Jan. 16.—The United States today completed the legisla tive process of voting itself dry. When word was flashed over the wires that the thirty-sixth state, Nehmska, had ratified the prohibi tion amendment, prohibition leaders declared that the accomplishment was the greatest piece of moral legislation in the history of the world. In addition to Nebraska's ratifi cation, the Missouri legislature to day also ratified the amendment, when the house concurred in the senate resolution by a vote of 154 to 36; and the Wyoming legislature at Cheyenne unanimously ratified it just before noon. DATE FOR EFFECT QUESTIONED. Washington. Jan. 10.—A question as to the effective date of the national pro hibition amendment was raised today by n statement by Senator Sheppard of Texas, author of the resolution, that the country would go dry one year from to day. Other students of the question hold that ratification would not be completed until one year from the formal certifica tion by the thirty-sixth state. Mississippi, the first state to ratify the amendment, has not yet certified its action to the state department. Senator Sheppird said today he soon would introduce a bill to make the amendment effective. NEBRASKA PROMPTLY CERTIFIES. Lincoln, Neb.. Jan. 16. To eliminate any possibility that opponents of nation wide prohibition might seek to enjoin him from certifying to the state depart ment Nebraska's action approving the federal prohibition amenda ent. Governor Samuel It McKelvie today dispatched this state's approval of the amendment in a registered special delivery letter. INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL NOW. New York, Jan. 16. -Distilling inter ests of the country, anticipating enforce ment of nation-wide prohibition a year hence, have completed plans for the con version of 'heir manufacturing filants and for export of the whiskies and other spirits now in bond, Norman U. Sterne, president of the Trans-Oceanic Commer cial corporation, newly-organized export subsidiary of the Distillers' Securities corporation, declared here today. Mr. Sterne said the Trans-Oceanic company's main object was to deal in industrial alcohol. forth and, later, kept up a pat.ro! of the streets m the vicinity. The preparedness of the police evi dently cowed tbe marchers quickly as it surprised them. The parade followed an open air meet ing under sanction of the Metal Trades council and < 'entrai Labor council, at tended by nearly (>000 persons. This meeting, addressed by a number "of workers, was quiet and orderly. A. Wie land, chairman, read resolutions con demning the police for stopping last Sunday's meeting, which ended in a riot. Fred Nelson, vice president of the Met al Trades, cited the federal constitution to show the light of free speech. He also announced that next Sunday a meeting would be held to organize a soldiers', sailors' and woit.ingiuui's coun ciL Federal Jury Out Hour and 25 Minutes to De cide Conspiracy to Ob struct U. S. War Plans. Judge Said Membership in I.W.W. and Consci entious Objection Were Not Crimes. ! Sacramento, Jan. 16.—All the |46 defendants in the I. W. W. 'conspiracy, case. were, found guilty by a jury in the United ; States district court here to ; night. The verdict "guilty as charg ed" was returned at 6 o'clock, after the jury had been out since 4:35 o'clock. Sentences will be imposed by United States Judge Frank H. Kudkin, of Spokane, The jury retired after Itobert Duncan, chief government prosecutor, made the concluding statement for the people, in which he said: "The I. W. W. recognizes no country, no flag, no color line. They respect no flag but the red flag. They would drag us ail down to the level of the lowest man. They do not recognize difference of ability in men, but would give the unworthy the same privileges for which the worthy have to strive so hard. - ' Miss Theodora Pollok, the only woman defendant, was called "just as disloyal as Bill Haywood, the executive head of the organization," by Duncan. "The mere fact that these de fendants are Industrial Workers of the World should not justify a ver dict of guilty. The fact that they may be found to be conscientious objectors to war should not be held against them in the consideration of this case. Opinions which they hold in opposition to war and which undeniably stand alone are not an evidence of guilt." Judge Rudkin interpreted t ho legal meaning of conscription an«i read certain portions of the conscription act. under which the defendants are accused of con spiring to obstruct government plans. Referring to the "silent defense" of of the defendants, who have spoken no w<>rd and have been unrepresented throughout the trial, Judge Itudkin said that such siience should not be held against them. POSEN COUNCIL DISSOLVED. Berlin, Jan. 16.— (By The Associated Press.)—The organization in Posen known as the Polish Supreme People's council has issued a rescript, dissolving the common council of the city of Posen. PUBLIC WORKS URGED BY FEDERATION CHIEF TO AVOID BREAD LINES TO KEEP SOLDIERS FROM I.W.W. DRIFT Seattle's Service Men's Council a Specter of Bolshevism to Public Leaders. Salem, Ore., Jan, 16.—Within thirty-four minutes after it was in troduced in the house, the emegency bill providing for $250,000 to be drawn from the general funds of the state and placed in the hands of a soldiers' and sailors' commission of five for immediate aid of discharged men, had been passed, under sus pended rules. The action is a result of the meeting, last night, of a Portland delegation with members of the ways and means com mittee of the legislature in the gov ernor's office here. Another measure presented in the legislature, is u joint îesolution, instructing the state highway committee to begin promptly enough units of road work to employ 1000 dis charged soldiers. This was passed by the house, today, ten minutes after it convened. The need of action was considered so urgent, the proposed adjournment for the remainder of the week was aban doned. At last night's conference, .Tames B. (Continued on Page Five) In LflFOLLETTE OF ANÏIL01TÏ Fiery Dissent, Will iams, of Mississippi, Brands Him Liar. ACTION DISKS OF PETITIONS 10 EXPEL Washington, Jan. !6.—By a vote of 50 to 21, the senate today adopt ed a resolution recommended by a majority of the privileges and elec tions committee, dismissing disloyal ty charges brought against Senator La Follctto of Wisconsin by the Minnesota public safety commission because of his speech on the war delivered before the Non-Partisan league at St. Paul Sept. 20, 1917. The resolution said the speech did not justify any action by the sen ate. On the vote, which was preceded by n severe arraignment of Senator Da Fol lette by Senator Williams of Mississippi, 33 republican senators and IT democrats supported the resolution, while 'JO dem ocrats and one republican. Smith of Michigan voted against it. Among those voting in the affirmative were Senator Martin, the democratic leader; Senator Lodge, the republican leader, and the two Minnesota senators, Kellogg and Nelson. Those opposing the resolution included Chairman Pomerene of the privileges and* elections committee and Senators SauJbury of Delaware, presi dent pro tcm. of the senate. Senator Taider of New York and Sherman of Illinois, republican, were paired, but an nounced that if they could cast ballots th 'v would vote for the resolution. La Foilette Sternly Smokes. The senate's action disposes of not only the Minnesota safety commission's proceedings, which have been pending for more than a year, but in effect, also, of tumorous petitions to the senate ask ing for Senator La Toilette's expulsion. Except for the attack on Senator La Follette by Senator Williams, the reso lution was adopted with little debate, During most of the proceedings, Senatol La Follette occupied his seat at the front of the center aisle, smoking a cigar, with face sternly set. Senator Williams' criticism apparent ly was unexpected. The formal docu ments in the case, including Senator P< rnerenc's arraignment of La Follette in the minority committee report, had been read and a rollcall on dismissal of the case begann, when Senator Williams interrupt >d. declaring he was unwilling to let the resolution go to a vote without voicing his criticism. All Lies, Says Williams. The Mississippi senator then delivered a vigorous ac Iress, in which he declared that Senator La Follette's speech at St. Paul was jisloyal in spirit, words, in tention and effect, and was made with a (Contlnnefl on Pa *o Two) Frank Morrison Tells HouseCommittee There Is Peril Ahead When Army Is Disbanded. Advocates Suspension of Immigration So As to Retain All the Jobs for American Labor. Washington, Jan. 16.—"When the men in the armv are demobilized," said Frank Morrison, secretary of the American Federation of Labor, today before the house immigration committee, "wo are going to have bread lines in every industrial center by May I. After that date, it is hoped that building will pick up and take some of the men." Millions of men were unemployed before the war, Morrison said, and the demand did not equal the sup ply until 3,000,000 had been called into the army. Steel companies and packers, he declared, caused the over-supply by importing men to get cheap labor. Morrison urged that congress pay soldiers until they get work; that provision be made by work on public buildings, and that money be pro vided so that Secretary Lane's land development plans may proceed im mediately. Drop Autocracy, He Urges. A few years ago a government survey of the unemployed was made at the re quest of the American Federation of (Continued ou l'uga Two). DEBS, POSING AS MARTYR, WIRES MOONEY CONGRESS TO VOTE NATION STRIKE Butte Union Quits Trades Assembly to Escape Bolshevism Butte, Jan. 16.—The Bütte Carpenters' union today voted to withdraw from the Trades and Labor assembly, giving as a reason that this central body is now controlled by rad icals with bolshevik tenden cies. The Carpenters' union is the second largest in Butte. LCI Ï Outlying Buildings Saved 'Ihr a Heroism of Men Who Tended Boiler. Missoula, Jan. 16.—The n .ain ' -u.t of the lumber department of t>> Anaconda Copper Mining company at Bo: • r seven miles east of this city, *».• ' ally de stroyed by fire of uncertain r sin short ly after ti o'clock tonigl.' damage, which, according to tic • ; any s offi cials on the scene, couli' not r>e estimated accuratelv, probably will reach $500,000. The fire originated in the sorting plant which was the northernmost building and, fanned by a gale which swept down the Blackfoot canyon, swept all before it. until it reached the thick brick walls of the boiler and pnr.p house, which check ed its progress and enabled the volunteer firemen and members of the department with apparatus from this city, to get it ander control by midnight. ^ According to the company's officials, there was absolutely no fire in the build ing where the fire was discovered when the men left at the close of the day's work at 3 o'clock. In the office building 20 yards away, one official was at work until 6 p. m., when he left for his home. Ten minutes later he said the entire sorting plant was in flames. It was reported that the fire had start ed in two places in the building. E E. Hershev, an attorney for the SWSUnÄäfik &£ & whether the insurance would cover the loss he could not state. The feature of the fire outside its spectacular character was the heroic work of four of the company's employes, Chief Engineer Clifford Lafogg and his assistants. IJobert Palmer. Victor Stetson and Dan Boucher. These men stayed at the boiler while the fire burned on three sides of them and kept up steam to per mit the pumps to work so that water could be supplied to the hose. It was feared that the building might collapse, but the men stuck to their posts. The flames burned over probably half of the 340 acres which the company occupies. Only the planer mill and tbe yards, where thousands >>f feet of sawed and planen timber is piled, were saved. Officials of the company tonight said that the 250 men thrown out of work by the fire probably will be soon placed at work again constructing a new plant on the site of the destroyed one. Washington, Jan. 1<>.—The house mil itary committee practically reached an agreement tod iv in conference with; Secretary Baker and Général March,! chief of staff, to postpone the war de-j partment re-organization bill until the next session of congress. County Attorneys Back Ford's Call for $30,000 Dry Fund Helena, Jan. 16.—Attorney General Ford's request fur an appropriation of upward of $30,000. to be expended dur ing the ensuing two years in the enforce ment of state prohibition and other laws, was unanimously endorsed by tbe County Attorneys' association meeting here to night. OUT ON PUCE SPLIT Paris, Jan. It!.—News of the resigna tion of the Italian cabinet of the résigna - ceived here. The present crisis is said to be due to the conflict in the Orlando ministry between those favoring and those opposing the policy of Foreign Minister Sonnino for the largest possible territorial annexation and for no con ,'CCäjrions, particularly to the Jugo SlMUklher Radicals Have Field Day in Convention; Dunn, of Butte, Is for Plan to Bludgeon Capital. American Flag Hissed in Film of Preparedness Day; Russian Aid Of fered for Labor War. Chicago, Jan. 16.—This was field day for the extreme radicals at the national labor congress called to consider a program for liberating Thomas J. Mooney and Warren Billings. Virtually, even/ principle of the socialists and the I. W. W. was urg ed for adoption in the flood of ora tory which occupied both the morn ing and afternoon sessions. Speakers demanded the organiza tion of an American soviet, the press and capitalist class were de nounced and the declaration was made that a new day for labor is at hand in which the masses will rule the world. Pleas were made for in dustrial democracy and solidarity of labor and the American Federa tion of Labor was bitterly assailed. The radical delegates and crowd in the gallery loudly cheered the rev olutionary sentiments expressed by the speakers. The climax was reached when a moving picture was shown of the Mooney case. One scene showed sol diers carrying an American flag in the San Francisco preparedness day parade and there were hisses from some of the radicals in the crowd when this was flashed on the screen. WILL BE RADICAL PROGRAM. The committee on resolutions is ex pected to make its final report, tomor row. after which the convention will ad journ. Tonight the leaders of both the conservative* and radicals were unable to predict with any degree of accuracy what the congress would do at its closing sessions. The report, it is said, will recommend the adoption of the program of the In ternational Workers' Defense league for •«•»J«««. Of f-P the liberation of Mooney and Billings and make some kind of declaration on the numerous radical ideas suggested lor policy of organized labor during the th reconstruction period. A telegram was read from Eugene V. Debs, expressing regret at his inability to come tu Chicago and address the con ed by F?oeral Judge D. C. Westenhov. of Cleveland, when the socialist leader was released on bail after his conviction for violation of the espionage law. Hour for Action Says Debs. Debs, in his message, wired : "Free speech prevails in Russia, hut is dead in the i'nited States since the world has been made safe for democracy, The conservative element has the un qualified approval and support of the capitalist press, which can only mean that the conservative element is true to the capitalist class and false to the working class. "I am with and for the radicals. "The hopr has struck for action. Long winded resolutions and humble petitions to corporation tools in public office and corrupt politicians are worse than useless. Mooney is innocent and the whole world knows it. The convention can do no less than demand his unconditional re lease and issue an ultimatum to that effect, giving duo notice that if that fails a general strike will follow at a specified time and industry be paralyzed thruout the land. Appeal has been made to their consciences in vain, and now let the batteries of labor be opened on their profits. There is no half way ground. Every possible expedient has been tried and failed, and now the working (Continued on Two). husband lor years. Nagging Wife Who Killed Hus band With Butcher Knife Gets 14 Years. Chicago, Jan. 16.—The long chain of immunity of women accused of murder— so long and successive that state's attor neys had almost despaired of ever ob taining a conviction—was broken today, when a jury, after one ballot, found Mrs, Hilda Exhmd guilty of the murder of her husband and sentenced her to .14 years in prison. Mrs Exlund, 46 years old, took the verdict calmly. She stabbed her husband to death with a butcher knife. Her defense was that it was an accident. Witnesses for the prosecution testified that she had abused Butte Daily Bulletin, Edited by W. F. Dunn, Is Declared Unfair Butte, Jan. 16.—Announce ment was made today by the Stage Employes' union that this organization had declared the Butte Bulletin, a newspa per edited by W. F. Dunn, now in attendance at the Chi cago L'abor Congress, "un fair" to organized labor. House Threatened Ban on All Bills If Pet Meas ures Were Barred. By WARREN W. MOSES. Helena, Jan. 16.—With the recession, today, by the senate from the lofty attitude, which it had assumed on the previous day, in directing the rules com mittee to report a rule whereby no county creation or division measures should be permitted to disturb the serenity of that body, county divisionists in the house, senate and" the lobbies were relieved of much worry and new counties were given, a clear track, Altho the senate had, on Wednesday, adopted a motion by Gnose, directing the rules committee to report a rule whereby it should be specified that no county division measures should be considered by the senate unless a major ity vote of the senate in favor of suck action be given on motion, such adop tion being carried by a vote of 23 to IS, the senate today reversed itself by in definitely postponing consideration of that part of the report on a vote of 21 for. 19 against and three absent. House Would Retaliate. Recognition of Wednesday's senate action was taken by the house, today, in the presentation, by Kelsey. of a motion "that, inasmuch as the senate has by resolution declared that they will not consider any legislation passed by this body in reference to the creation of new counties, be it resolved that this body will not consider any bill memoria!, or reso lntion originating in the senate until such time as the senate shall agree and consent to consider any and all legis lation which this body may deem neces sary to the welfare of the state of Mon tana." After the reading by the clerk of this retaliatory motion, Representative Keliv arose to inform the ' house that the senate had just rescinded its action upon the county division embargo and that it, accordingly, was not necessary for the house to take this step. Kelsey Talks Steam Roller. Kelsey, however, insisted upon his motion being considered and, in its sup port, he made an attack upon the senate, stating that when he made the motion he was aware that the senate had re ceded from its stand, but that he had legislation other than that of county creation in mind. He explained that it was a well-known fact that a full fledged steam roller has been in existence in the senate for some time, and he re sented the implied attitude that the (Continued on P>(« Two). 25.00« SEATTLE Action to Be Taken to Enforce Wage Demands—Other Walkouts Likely. Seattle, Jan. 16.—Seattle shipworkers to the number of 25.000, according to es timates of labor leaders, will go on strike next Thursday morning to enforce wage demands, as the result of a decision to night bv the Metal Trades council. Sim ilar action, it was said, was expected of the Meta! Trades Workers in Gray's Harbor. Tacoma, and other cities. UKRAINE CHALLENGES RUMANIA ON BUKOWINA Herne, Jan. 16.—The Ukranmn gov ernment has sent an ultimatum to Ru mania demanding the evacuation of Uukowina.