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GREAT F A T.T.S DAILY
TWENTY-NINTH YEAR. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1919. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. JULY FOURTH AS FOR STRIKE LIEBKNECHT AND ROSA LUXEMBURG SLAIN GETS BUCK EYE Story Wilson Threatens to Call Home Troops Backfires French Censorship. iCLEMENCEfiy OPPOSES Paris, Jan. 17.—An apparent attempt ®f the French censorship to suppress news of the inner doings of the peace conference as filed for American papers, by holding up a sensational cablegram to the. New York Tribune, has brot to a sharp focus the question of publicity on the eve of assembling of the actual con gress. The cablegram stated that, "among the many sensational rumors habitually afloat in the chamber of deputies, there has been one to the effect that President Wilson iias threatened to withdraw troops from Europe if certain of his ideas are not followed by the peace conference." There was a mysterious delay in trans mitting this—in fact, it was not sent till after Premier Clemenceau had brot out the existence of it in a declaration in the chamber of deputies, as a reason for secrecy. The revelation painfully thrust into the foreground the fact that the allies are very far, after all, from being of one mind on the subject of what shall con stitute peace. Some of the European governments have been revealed as en tertaining desires that they do not care to have become matters of international knowledge at this time. This is partly due to the prevalence of bolshvism. part ly to a desire to keep divergence of opin ion in the earlier stages of the confer ence from affording the Germans com fort, but also to keep from arousing unrest at home. Europe Explosive Under Surface. For Europe still smoulders under cover and, given a little draft, might flame again. Every nation is permeated with bolshevism waiting to burst forth. Even France. Especially Italy. And Russia is the great peril. Germany might, again become another menace to the peace of the world, so near re-establish ment. The European Statesmen of the balance of power era think they can head off the peril of secrecy, as the ostrich does when it buries its head in the sand. This view is not held by President Wil son and Premier Lloyd George. At the \instance of President Wilson, the mi » prerne inter-allied council decided, today, 1o bold in abeyance the proposed rut _ for virtual secrecy regarding its délibéra- i tiens. It. was decided to request rep resentatives of the British, American and Italian press to present some plan for reporting the meeting. Would Muzzle Delegates. At the suprs ne council meeting today, it was decided that the newspapermen should be admitted to the meetings of the full conference, but. that, on nec essary occasions, the deliberations of the conference might be held in secret. It has been tentatively decided that three representatives of the press of each of the allied and associated powers will be-admitted to ihe conference. The conference probably will be organized in a manner similar to the American congress. Clemenceau Accused. Premier Clemenceau spefke m the chamber of deputies, on the decision to keep proceedings of the peace congress secret. He had been interpellated by several socialist deputies and hud asked that discussion of their questions be postponed, when he said: « ''We have not yet found a final form (Continued on I'hkb Two). War May Not Be Over Says Senator Back From Europe; Even Allies May Fall Out Bolshevism Threatens All Governments; France Shifts Troops to Keep It Down; Spain a Vol cano; Famine Everywhere. Washington, Jan. war in ifurcpe may not be over. The terror threatens to be next. This is the im pression Senator Hollis, of New Hamp shire, brot back from Europe. He ex pressed his 'fears to the senate appropri ations committee, in the consideration of the Wilson $100,000,000 famine relief bill, which Leader Martin today reported to the upper chamber with the indorse ment of the committee. Incidentally it was disclosed that the committee had adopted a resolution directing Senator Martin to cable Presi dent Wilson and urge "a firm arrange ment for allied assistance." Senator JHoliis said there was tre mendous destitution in central Europe E Ï E L Paderewski to Be Polish Premier; Solves l Situation Paris, Jan. 17.— Ignace Jan Padere wski, the pianist and Polish leader, is to be premier of a new Polish cab inet, under an agreement reached with General Pilsudski, the Polish dictator, who is to be foreign minister. Pad erewski aspired to be president of a Polish republic. The terms of the compromise in clude a definite agreement upon a single delegate to the peace confer ence, the Polish national committee headquarters here announces. Mr. Demoski, president of the Polish na tion, and former Polish leader in the Russian duma, has been decided upon by both sides. The new cabinet is subject to the approval of German Poland. It will, continue in office until elections are held, within the next fortnight. L HIS PEU Ulf 51 PIS TALE New York Tribune Gives Out Cable Held Up by «French Censor. PICTURES SOME HUES PllliS SHARP TRICKS New York, Jan. 17.—The mysterious cable story that President Wilson had threatened to withdraw American troops from occupation of Germany if his ideas to peace should be flouted by the peace conference, which was withheld by the supposed non-existent French cen rsUip and only became known after remior Clemenceau made it public in a denunciation in the chamber of deputies, was given out by the Tribune, today, n an explanation of the ineident. It reached New York after the Tribune bad announced that no such cable story had been received by it. • This is the Tribune's statement: "At 11:30 a. in.. Friday, January 17, the New York Tribune issued a state ment denying that it had ever received from Paris or had ever printed in its columns a statement remotely resembling that which was referred to by Premier Clemenceau in the chamber "of deputies. At ~:20 p. m. there was received in the Tribune office what appears to be the message in question, '»wing to the fact that it. had been made the basis of the controversy, the Tribune prints it just as the correspondent sent it, without exercising editorial judgment upon the text. The message follows: "'Paris. January-—-Among the many sensational rumors habitually afloat in the chamber of deputies there has been one to the effect that President Wilson has threatened to withdraw troops from Europe if certain of his ideas are not followed by the peace conference. " 'How far these things have gone (Continued on l'ose Two) and that, prominent men of Switzerland, Italy. Russia and Czecho-Slovakia all were "much afraid of bolshevism." "Bolshevism" said Senator Hollis, "is a very real terror to all good citizens of western Europe. It is everywhere. I spent six weeks in Spain. It is there, and it is quite likely to overthrow the rganized government of Spain. It is in 1'"ranee. It is everywhere among the troops. The troops in Paris have had to be constantly shifted because the people were afraid they would run riot:. "I still feel there is very great danger that the war is not over. There is even danger of friction among the Allies. There is friction now between Italy,and the Jugo-Slavs.", Pair Arrested After Mob Seizes Them at Berlin Hotel; Rioter Shoots Woman as Auto Speeds Spartacan Leader Falls With Bullet in Neck in Tiergarten Flight From Ebert Guards. Berlin, Jan. 17. — Dr. Karl Liebknecht, the high priest of German bolshevism, and Rosa T u• i Luxemburg, its high priestess, have been killed—the woman silot/ by H member 3. mob which attacked them as they were being taken to prison after: nrrp „i. „4. +v.Q Pftar, hntoi T ioh arrest at tne £,cien notei, L,ieD knecht by a soldier as he tried to escape in the Tiergarten. The body of the woman has disappeared. It may have been thrown into the canal. Liebknecht fell with a bullet in the base of his neck, squarely between the shoulders, as he tried to dash into the under brush. Officers of the troop escorting Liebknecht and the woman at the time of the double killing have been arrested provisionally, and all persons implicated in the incident are to be severely pun ished. Dr. Liebknecht* s capture was due to telefone conversation overheard by de tectives, in which he and Rosa Luxem burg agreed to meet at the home of a man named Marcusson, in the suburb of Wilmersdorf. Pair Mobbed in Hotel. Wben it became known. yesterday I that Dr. Liebknecht, and Rosa Luxem- j burg were at the Hotel Eden, in the; western part of the city, a crowd rapidly ' congregated and stormed the hotel lobby.! Botli were spirited to a side entrance. | but the mob forestalled the attempt of j (Continued on l'âge Two). j TERMS FROM ONE TO TEN YEARS IMPOSED ON « IN I. W. W. CASE Three of Convicted Stay Sentence by Motion for Retrial ; Penalties End 'Silent Defence' With Vehement Protests; In dictments Left to Try, Sacramento, Jan. 17.—After brea king their "silent defense" to protest to the court in impassioned tones against their conviction and to declare their contempt for the prosecution and all egal processes, the climax of the trial of forty-three Industrial Workers of the World came when they were given prison sentences ranging from one to ten years, here, today, following their conviction, yesterday, of conspiring to institute a campaign of terrorism and sabotage in the state. Three of the forty-six convictcd. Miss Theodora Pollok, of Piedmont, - the only woman defendant, A. L. Fax and Basile Saffores, obtained a stay of execution thru notice that a motion for a new trial would be 'filed in their behalf. The motion is to be heard when United States District Judge F. H. Rudkin, who heard the case, returned from his jurisdiction in Spokane, to which point he departed today. Three indictments remain against those cofivieted. The true bill on which they were found guilty charged the de struction of more than $3,500,000 in property "in the state and other overt acts aimed to block the government in the prosecution of its war program. The prosecution would give no hint as to what it intended to do with the indict ments yet untried. The Sentences. While one of the defendants was «peaking, Robert Duncan, special agent of the department of justice, interrupted bim and declared the court proceedings were being converted into a "wobbly meeting". He urged the court to stop it, ^Continued on Page Four) 267 P.C. PROFIT ISMPERT Bookkeeping and Capital Increase Cover Gains, He Asserts. II. S. IULES DIDN'T HELP Washington, Jan. 17.—Food adminis tration regulations neither regulated profits of the meat packers nor bene fited the public or tbe consumers, Stuart Chase, an expert accountant employed by the Federal Trade commission, told 'be senate agriculture committee, today, in presenting figures to show that pro f!ts of thc five bl 5 P ackm * concerns liai doubled and trebled during the war. ebas who was testifying at hear iugs onthe Kendrick b ui, providing for arox^orniiipnfc supervision of the meat in dutrv, said no one knows accurately what the packers* earnings are. because their methods of bookkeeping have the effect of covering up thcir pr0 fits. He declared, however, that ex aminations by the commission of the books of Armour &. Company, Mor ris & Company, Swift 4. Company, Wilson &. Company and the Cudahy company, showed their aggregate profits in 1916 weife $18,717,000 and in 1917 $95,639,000. Based on capital stock, Chase said, Morris & Company's profits, in 1917, were 267.7 per cent and that on the same basis, Armour &. Com pany's profits, in 1916, were 114.2 per cent. Because of a later in crease in capital stock, the percent age for Armour & Company drop ped to 27.1 in 1917. Swift & Com pany 's profits, in 1917, on the same basis were 63 per cent, based on capital stock and surplus. Wilson & Company's earnings for the same year were 29.6 per cent on the com bined capital and surplus. Two Tardy States Climb on U. S. Water Wagon St. Paul. .Tan. 17. —Minnesota ratified the federal prohibition amendment, to day. when the house adopted the joint ratification res olut ion . EVEN IN STATE OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis., Jan. 17.—The Wiscon sin house, today, completed ratification of the national prohibition amendment. .">S to 30. I IDDV ' ]«f LlUDf Lull » 13.000.1 Minnesota Man Buys Saw Mill, Heal Estate and All Other Property. Spe ia) * ' The Daily Tribune. f.ibby. .Ian. 17.—The entire holdings or she Libby Lumber company at this place, including standing lumber, the s. \v mill, finished product in the yards and ieal estate, have been sold to Julius Neils of Cass Lake, Minn. The sale wis ipade to take effect January^l, but was not announced until today. I he re ported consideration was more than $'(,000,000. The saw mill here is one of the new est and largest, in Montana. It was built in 1014 and has a capacity of -100.000 board feet, of lumber cv t. v -4 hours. The Libby Lumber company is one of the Shevlin companies, and the stock is held m trust, for the^heirs of Tom Shevlin, who died in 1011. A.C.M. Gives Free Board and Lodging to Stranded Soldiers Bntte, Jan. 17 —Free board and lodgings for stranded soldiers and sailors, now numbering several hun dred in Butte, will be provided by the Anaconda Copper Mining company, it was announced today. For this pur pose the mining company has taken over the Florence hotel, the largest in the city and known as "ttfe big ship." Chicago Convention to Raise $1,000,000 fqr Liberating • Leaders in Prison in Bomb Case. ; Demands Troops Recall From Russia and That Germans Be Allowed to j Work Out Destiny. Chicago, Jan. 17.—A general ! strike of organized labor design j ed to paralyze every industry in j the country beginning the fourth J of next July was decided upon, today, by the National Labor congress as a means of obtain ing a ne wtrial for Thomas J. Mooney and Warren Billings if federal intervention and every other means adopted to procure the desired relief fail. The convention authorized the r aising of a fund of $1,000 ,-1 000 to carrv on a campaign of : education to liberate the labor leaders and to promote the pro posed general strike. It is plan ned to finance the movement by levying an assessment of fifty cents on every member of or ganized labor in the country. The convention which concluded its four-day session, tonight, and adjourn ed. also adopted a resolutioifcembodying a declaration of national policies affect in labor, which demands that 1he people of Russia and Germany be permitted to work out their own destiny, that Ameri can troops be withdrawn from Russia, that all political and industrial prison ers receive the same consideration as prisoners of war and proclaiming the (Continued on Pace T wo). REVOLT III 1 Lenine, Bolshevik Premier Moscow, Reported to Have Landed at Barcelona. at Madrid, Jan. 17.—Spain is on the brink of trouble of such a character that Premier Romanones, today, told the newspaper correspondents he would not be surprised at any thing that would happen in Barce lona. It is understood that Nikolai Lenine, the Russian bolshevik pre mier, has landed tlrere. At any rate, Premier Romanones said the situation was quite abnor mal there. The government has published a decree suspending constitutional guarantees in the province of Bar celona. ONE MORE WAR IN RUSSIA. Helsingfors, Jan. 17.—A counter revolution has broken out in Petro grad, according to reports from Reval, and the bolsheviki'have start ed a general hurried retreat east ward from Esthaonia. BELGIUM WANTS THRRE DELE GATES. Brussels. Jan. 17.—(Havas)—The Belgian cabinet has decided to send to the allied governments a strong protest against a reduction .in the number of Belgian delegates to the pence confer ence. The supreme council has fixed the number of Belgian delegates at two. jwhereiu i}elgium expected to have three. % j Church Rejects Million to Tap Oil in Graveyard Forth Worth, Tex., Jan. 17.—The Merriman Baptist church ,of Ranger, which already has acquired an income of 1200,000 a year thru oil wells sunk in its churchyard, has refused §1,000, 000 for the right to develop wells m its graveyard. The graveyard now is surrounded by oil welis and numerous companies nave made the congregation, which has only 29 members, fabulous offers for the burying ground. The congregation has voted that none of its members shall profit per sonally by its good fortune, but that tbe entire income shall be devoted to the glory of God. One hundred thousand dollars already has been distribted among Baptist institutions in this state. With : . - , , 0 ... Marshal heels Republic NE _ - aS Boundary J ' Can Hold Germans. . S. WARNS ALLIES TG STICK Treves. Wednesday, .Tan. 15.— (By the Associated Press)—It is the conten tion of Marshal Foch that the Rhine must be made the barrier between Ger many and France! He expressed this clearly, today, when he received Amer ican newspaper correspondents. The marshal is here in connection with the meeting concerning the extension of the German armistice. Germany now was beaten, he added, but with her resources, especially in men, recuperation in a comparatively short time was quite possible. It was now the duty of the allies to prevent further aggressions. Marshal Foch praised the work of the American troops and said that Genera! Pershing had asked that the American forces be concentrated for an attack on one sector. The allies generalship admit ted that the Argonne-Meuse front. Where the Americans began their offensive on September 20. was n sector hard to tac kle. The marshal said he had told Gen eral Pershing : "Your men have the devil's own punch, They will get away with all that. Go to it." The American attack succeeded, the marshal continued, "and here we are on the Rhine." Get All Wanted of Germans, The armistice was not concluded too soon and the allies got all they asked (Continued on P»|» Two) Went to War Just Montana Men But Meet on Street Corners As Battle Heroes St Paul, Jan. 17.—After going to Eu rope in the same company, being sepa rated * immediately upon arriving in France and trying fruitlessly for* six months to see on another, two Montana officers came face to face on a street corner, here, today. Since thcir last meeting both had been severely wounded. They are Major Carter L. Sheridan of jjozemnn, and Lieutenant E. C. Mos by, of Kaiispell, Sheridan was captain of Company A. l(wtrd infantry, with Mos hv as one of his lieutenants, when they left Montana. Major Sheridan wears the United States distinguished service cross an: carries bullet scars in both arms and one leg. Nine times he led his men to victory, from Chateau-Thierry to the Argonne forest, before he met the Ger man machine gun that made hi.s right arm useless and sent him back to Amer ica. At the battle of Hill 230, near Cierges, France, Major Sheridan won hi» D. S C. He was a captain then. On July HI. the American infantry started up the hill. Machine guns ou the top and sides T Time Limit Is Waived by Both Committee and Contestees. JNLLTHH cisE, sirs mom By WARREN W. MOSES. Helena, Jan. 17.—That the committee on privileges and elections does not in tend to conduct an investigation of tbe i Silver Bow county election or proceed j further along the Jjne adopted by the republican legislative contestants was impressed upon council for contest : ants in an unmistakable manner at a j meeting of tbe committee, this afternoon, 1 attended by counsel for both contestants ! and contestees and open to all. Welling j ton I). Rankin, attorney for the con ; testants, was informed that it would be i up to him to proceed according to the j method set forth by state law. altho the I committee and courrai for contestees were willing to waive certain technical ities and time limits. Mr. Rankin was cnything but pleased at the outcome and remarked that to proceed according to the ruling of the committee would serve to thwart the contest Arguments Cot Off. At. the time for the opening of the ! meeting, Mr. Rankin sought to address the committee upon the merit of the j ease, but was stopped by Chairman j Cooney by the statement that the com | rnittee was not desirous of hearing argu | ments. He said the committee had given ! careful consideration to the case and : was endeavoring to proceed according to ; law and with justice to the rights of the parties involved, that the committee had r.o evidence before it and only a peti tion based on information and belief alleging frauds, which petition was signed only by interested parties. He said the committee had virtually been asked to constitute itself a grand jury, to bring over in the neighborhood of 1.000 witnesses, open ballot boxes and proceed in a manner which would ^hiean an expenditure of anywhere from SI 5.000 to $50,000 of the state's money, whereas it was not the desire of the committee to expend a single dollar for the collection of evidence at this time. Conteste»« Waive Advantage He informed Mr. Rankin that the committee did not desire to take ad vantage of contestants and 'would wajve the time clause in the law, provided counsel for the two sides wonld agree upon the same and file a stipulation with the clerk of the court at the time of filing the eomplemt. He said that when depositions had been taken accord ing to the law and returned to the com mittee sealed, it would taie such action r«s seemed just and fair. C. B. Nolan, counsel for contestees. said there should he no impairment of the rights of contestants by reason >->f the action already taken and he would make no attempt to take an advantage of contestants, but would render anv assistance proper, that he would waive time limits or technicalities. He estimât» ed that the necessary investigation would entaii an expense of $8.000 or $10.000 and felt some arrangement should be made by the legislature to take eare of this expense, which he presumed would have to be borne by the state. Supreme Court Rule Cited. Rankin said he did not think a full in vestigation could he obtained by the tak ing of depositions by justices of the peace, as required by thc law adhered to by the committee, and held that he was proceeding in accordance with a ruling of the supreme court. Ile appeal ed for an open'hearing. upon the grounds (Continued on Pag« Two). mowed down line after line, until the batalion was cut to pieces and still the Germans kept their hold on the emi nence. Major Sheridan gathered up the hand ful of men that was left from two full ■companies. He led them up the hill again and attacked the first machine gun crew with his pistol, killing three there. Inspired by his bravery, the band of Americans took the hill. Of course, the major doesn't tell tbe story that way. He passes it off with a casual mention, but the war depart ment's official citation gives the tale. Of five Montana officers who were with the 128th, Major Sheridan is the. only one alive. The division to which he was attached was the first force of An-rican troops to reach Germaa soil if Alsace be considered part of Germany before the war. Major Sheridan has been convalescing at Fort Snelling for the past few weeks. He is now on his way home to Boxeman on a three months furlough. He and Lieutenant. Mosby were the guests of Mrs. N. C. Johnson, & relative of tbc lieatfnant.