Newspaper Page Text
GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
PRICE, FIVE CENTS GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 11, 1919. THIRTY-SECOND YEAR BUTTE STRIKE MAY CLOSE B. & M SMELTER O O o. sas o in Djmp a One Creates State Com-i FIVE SISTER TAX BILLSEETTHRU mission; County Equal ization, Another. DIFFERENCE OF OPINION:! By WARREN W, MOSES. Helena, Feb. 30.—Experiencing but little opposition and being subjected to so little change that they emerged vir tually intact, the big taxation and reve nue measures upon which the joint house and senate committee on taxation has been working up to the present time this afternoon catne out of the commit tee of the whole house and were subse quently passed on third reading. The consideration of these measures, five in all, had been made a special order of business for 11 a. rn., (he house imme diately after convening going into com mittee of the whole with Fuller in the chair. Representative Kasmussen of Dawson county, author of the various tax bills and chairman of the house committee on revenue and taxation, first addressed the house, advocating the adoption of the entire program. He said: "For the purpose of carrying ont the recommendations of the tax commission which has been in existence for the past two years, we have introduced five in terlocking bills. These are practically those recommended by the tax commis fact, other than for a few amendments made necessary to conform to legal requirements, they are identical, Introduce New System. "In introducing these measures, we are asking the pepole of Montana to accept a new tax system. This system is not untried because it is in vogue in 3G other states of the union, and let me say, that, of all the states adopting the system, not one has gone back to the old method. Your tax commission has worked faithfully during the past two years and these bills are the re sult It has studied the tax laws of va rious states and has dealt with a great mass of facts and figures before reach ing its final conclusions. "The joint committee on revenue and taxation consisting of seven members of the house and seven members of the senate, has had the bills under consid eration for three weeks, has gone over them diligently, has had before it rep resentatives of organizations of farming and business interests, tax experts and alleged tax experts, and after listening to the views of these men and after going into the recommendations of the tax commission, the committee could find very little to be changed. "orty-three Systems in Vogue Now. "It must be remembered that no tax syStei'i of any state Jfsis been perfected in two years' time, and this may have to be changed in some particulars. We how have in this state 43 different sys terns«.of taxation. Each county has a system of its own. The assessors meet in convention and decide upon a pro gram, and then go borne and make their assessments upon whatever basis seems applicable to their individual localities. "We must have one central body. I don't criticize the assessors individually; my criticism is one of the system. I do not hold that we have an ideal method here, but we probably have as good as could lie devised under the circum stances." The State Commission. The first of the bills for consideration, house bill 8, providing for the creation of a permanent tax commission, was then read, and this bill providing for the appointment by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, of a tax commission of three members, one for a term ending March 1. 1921. one for a term ending March 1. 1923. and one for a term ending March 1, 1925. and at their expiration of their several terms that successors shall be appointed for terms of six years. Buffalo Epidemic Found to Be Form of Influenza; Herds to Be Vaccinated Special to The Daily Tribune. Helena, Feb. 10. —The epidemic that recently swept thru the Yellowstone park herd of buffalo, killing 31 head, was just the fashionable disease—the influ enza. Of course the doctors and bacteriolo gists would never call it that—they pr it hemorrhagic septicemia— but ' admit that this is just about as close t( being the influenza as an animal that is not a biped could have. Furthermore, at the state laboratory on the capitol grounds, confidence is ex pressed that the germ which caused the i epidemic has been isolated and it. will j now be possible to make a vaccine that i will give the well buffalo in the park immunity. • j Dr. Rudolph Snyder, inspector !n | charge of the bureau of animal indus try, with headquarters here, was notified 1 o£ the outbreak in the park thai MILITARY RULE KEEPS BUTTE LID ON ; 12,000 IDLE Real Martial Law Threatened by Major in Com mand of Regulars if Mayor Discharges Police men; Strikers Force Cars to Suspend. Butte, Feh. 10.—Independent Mining companies of the Butte district were notified, today, of an embargo placed on the shipment of customs ore by the Anaconda Copper Mining- company to the smelters at Great Falls and Ana conda. This is taken to mean by the independent shippers that the Anaconda company is cleaning up its ores on hand, preparatory to closing down these smelters. ► ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ < Butte, Feb. 10.—As a result of conferences held with Major A. M. Jones, commanding officer of the 44th infantry detachment stationed in Butte, because of the strike of miners, Mayor Maloney today agreed not to attempt at 1 his time to dis miss the police, fire and other de partmental employes of Butte. This, it is said, will prevent pos sible proclaiming of martial law here. Major Jones called the mayor, city attorney, a few aldermen and several bankers to his office today and talked the situation over with them. Mayor Maloney while declining to tell the details of the meeting said: "Major Jones talked very frankly to all of us. I don't think I over hoard anyone use plainer language. We all felt like saluting when we left." Car Men Forced to Quit. j .lust how many of the men who are j idle are on strike cannot be computed j ! I j j I ! i I ; j : I TN EUT T Conference Complains of Obstructive Policy of French. Paris, Feb. 10.—The auestion of moving the peace conference to a neutral country may be considered by the conference, if what is char acterized as the obstructive policy of the French press and certain French officials continues, it devel oped today. Representatives of various other powers taking part in the peace con ference, it is declared, state that the work of the body is being greatly hampered thru unfriendly criticism by the French press of various lead ers in the conference. They are re ported. therefore, as inclined to con sider the removal of the conference, if the hostile attitude of the French press is maintained. Should it be deemed necessary to take up the matter, it will bo con sidered at a full meeting of the peace conference. .Tust what is meant in the foregoing dispatch by the "obstructive policy of the French press and certain French of ficials" is not dear. Probably it refers to the great difficulty in obtaining prompt and full reports of developments in I'aris in connection with the peace conference. During the war there was seldom any difficulty, despite the serious handicap Continued on Page Three.) killing the bison, and he sent Dr. I. Wall man to investigate. Dr. Wallman re turned with specimens taken from the dead animals and cultures were made up in the state laboratory by Dr. A. H. McCray. Rabbits were inoculated with this stuff and while the period of incubation has not, yet elapsed, they have developed nil the symptoms of the disease that af flicted (he buffalo and their death is looked for in the next few hours. Dr. Snyder has also sent specimens to the laboratories of the bureau of ani mal industry at Denver and Washing ton. 'The sick buffalo in the park were seg regated from the well animals, and it is believed the ravages of the disease have been checked in the herd. As soon as it is definitely known that, the experi ments have been successful, vaccine will ho made up and the well animals vacci wasjnated. with any degree of accuracy. Besides the miners being affected by strike orders and thru fear of alleged intimid ation, close to 1<X> street car men are out of work. The car men left their cars at the barns, this morning, when strikers' com mittee surrounded the barns and, accord ing to military authorities, threatened violence if the cars were run. Four ears which had left the barn were returned, with the result that everyone in the city not possessing an automobile was forced to walk. A heavy fall of snow, iast night, made the streets sloppy, to day. Tonight, circulars appeared upon the streets, which appealed to the car men to join the strike. They were un signed, however. Ordered to Remove Uniform. Two companies of the 44th United! States infantry, (regulars) under com mand of Major A. M. Jones, guarded the approaches to the mines from early this morning and known strike pickets (Continued on l'une Fou r) 55 Support Amendment, INSENJTETEST; I 29 Oppose; Real Line Up, 63 to 33. Washington, Feb. 10.—By a margin of one vote, equal suffrage met its fourth defeat, today, in the senate. No further action at this session is now possible, but ad vocates announced that the cam paign. now nearly half a century old, for submission of the Susan B. Anthony constitutional amendment to the states would be renewed when the sixty-sixth congress convened. On the final roll call, today, 55 senators—one less than the re quired two-thirds—voted for adop tion of the resolution and 29 sen ators cast their ballots against it. Comparatively brief debate preceded the vote which officially killed the reso lution, adopted by the house on Janu ary 10, 1918, by a vote of 274 to 13«. Defeat of the measure was witnessed by crowds of women in the galleries, but there were no demonstrations, ' and dramatic incidents which have marked previous senate votes on the question were lacking. Up to the last moment, managers of the resolution expressed confidence of obtaining the one vote they needed. Immediately after the vote was an nounced, suffrage leaders issued state ments prepared in advance, criticising | the senate action and announcing that! the fight would be renewed in the next i congress. Supporters of the resolution j generally predicted that success would ! be attained then. Republicans Lead in Support. Twenty-four democrats and 31 repub- ! lieans voted for the resolution, today, I while 18 democrats and 11 republicans! opposed it. Of the senators absent and 1 paired, eight were recorded in the affirmative and four iri th negative, j indicating that sentiment of the ninety- ; six members stood 63 to 33 in favor of | the resolution. The roll call was as follows: Those voting in favor of the resolution were: Democrats—Ashurst, Culberson, Ger ry, Gore, Henderson, Johnson, of South Dakota: Jones, of New Mexico; Ken drick, Kirby, Lewis, McKellar, Myers, Nugent, Pitt m an. Pollock, Ransdell, Robinson, Nhaffroth. Sheppard, Smith, of Arizona: Thomas, Thompson, Vardaman and Walsh—24. Republicans— Calder, Colt, Cummins, Curtis, Fernald, France, Frclinghuseu,' Gronna, Harding, Johnson of California, Jones of Washington, Kellogg, Kenyon, Twelve Paired in Vote. Voting against the resolution were: Democrats — Bankhend. Beckham, Continued on Pag© Ilu-ce.> DIVORCE CASE OF NINETEEN-YEAR-OLDS HALTED AS WIERD TALES STARTLE COURT fr«#»« tSSmm "i Ü Q & s 2 Blllie Unertl and wife, Evelyn. Milwaukee, Feb. 1*.—An interesting di vorce suit has been halted for two months, for an extended investigation by counsel of both sides of the weird tales told by Billie Unertl, aged 10, son of a prominent physician, and by his wife, Evelyn, also 19, daughter of a former Texas state senator, and herself owner of extensive oil lands. Here are the main features of the case: Married after three weeks' acquaint ance, when Billie was in an army camp at Waco, Tex. Arrival of a child which the wife first told Billie was his, and later told him, so he says, was the child of a former husband now in France, from whom she had not been divorced. The girl's charge that the first wed 54 ALIEN AGITATORS, FIRST TRAINL0AD, TO BE DEPORTED BY U. S. Party Now on Way to New York Under Guard Is From Seattle, and Includes Five Con victs Picked Up at Chicago. Chicago, Feb. 10.—Fifty-four mem bers of the Industrial Workers of the World passed thru Chicago last night in a special train under a heavy guard on the way to New York, where it is said they will bo deported at once by the immigration authorities. Forty of the prisoners came direct from Seattle. Three leaders of the strike there, one Spokane agitator, an I. W. W. leader from Denver, and five alien convicts arrested in Chicago were among the prisoners. The trainload is only the first of a series of trainloads that will carry undesirable citizens to coast ports, whence they will bo deported, accord ing to H. R. Landis, inspector in charge of Immigration here. Under a congressional act of 1917, every alien convicted of a crime which calls for more than one year imprison ment must be deported to his native land. majority of the men were alien labor agitators picked up by officers of the United States immigration service during & your of secret campaigning in industrial centers of the Pacific coast. A. D. D. Jackson, chief of the Seattle office of the immigration service, was in charge of the part?'. "The proceeding against United States enemies of this type is simple," an official with the train said. "Just two hours before the Seattle strike was called, we gathered forty agitators into the cars, with everything cleared away between them and the middle of the Atlantic ocean. For more than a year the immigration service has been work ing quietly in all industrial centers, checking up on the strange aliens who have appeared, and gathered evidence against I. W. W. leaders and trouble makers who call themselves bolsheviki. Going to Russian Provinces. "When evidence wus compiled against ding was a fake, with a fviend of Billie's disguised as a chaplain, and a real wed ding later. A "strip" poker party. An affair with a stranger at Wichita Falls, Tex., when her husband accepted a stranger's offer of $50 for the privil ege of taking the girl to a theater. The girl's charge tha; her husband was involved in a taxi lold-up in Mil waukee. The husband's charge that his wife beat him. Charge of an attempt to asphyxiate her in a flat. Billie is a former sold'er, actor, pro fessional dancer, taxicab driver, prize fighter and older brother of Peggy I u ertl, a child actress. [ this particular crowd, each case was j brot to a federal hearing and all court, j findings sent to Washington, where they I were reviewed by Secretary of Labor j Wilson. The secretary haa the power to j order this type of prisoner deported or j released and, so far, there has been ! little trouble in getting quick action." The majority of the prisoners will be i sent back to Russian provinces. They j nr . e principally Norwegians, Swedes and i Finns, according to guards on the train. The only attempt at a mob delivery j of the prisoners was frustrated by the : foresight of the federal officials. Before ; the train reached Iîutte, officers were I warned that the I. W. W. leaders in that ; city and Helena had leaned of the de portation and were massing to deliver I their comrades. The two cars then at tached to a regular train were cut off at a junction and set into another train, which made a wide detou •, missing both Butte and Helena. Balked Delivery a: Butte. Several hundred men gathered at the railroad station in Butt; when the original train reached that point. They were allowed to search the train atul when they found the prisoners were not on board, left without any trouble. Only one of the prisoners made serious objection when t>ld of the in tention of the government to deport him. He swore out a writ of habeas corpus r I against deportation, which was quashed by a federal court at Spokane. One wo man, the wife of a Firnish agitator arrested in Spokane, was in the party. The five prisoners tnken into the party here are alien convicts who were sentenced to deportation moitié time ago. GO TH-RU ELLIS ISLAND. New lork, Feb. 10.—The federal im migration authorities her« are prepared to handle the 54 Industrial Workers of the World on their way to New York from the West to be deported. The prisoners will be detained at Ellis Island until arrangements for sailings CwtiBMd on Pate Three.) SYMPATHY STRIKE AT SEATTLE ENDS; LEAVE S 25,000 OUT Men Hesitated Four Hours Till Assured Members of Small Unions Would Get Jobs Back; May Elect New Chiefs. Seattle, Feb. 10.—Thirty thousand striking union employes were ordered back to work here at noon tomorrow when the general strike committee at I o'clock today called off the sympa thetic strike designed to help 25,000 striking metal trades workers enforce their demands for higher wages. The action of the general strike committee in no way changed the status of the metal trades workers' strike, of which 25,000 men are now out, union men stated. No move for a settlement of this strike has been made by either employers or the United States ship ping board, it was said. ASK NEW WALKOUT TILL NOON. Seattle, Feb. 10.—Chief interest in Seattle's strike situation, tonight, center ed in the question as to how' many un ions, if any, would heed the request of the general strike committee to refrain from working until 12 o'clock, tomor row, when the strike will come to an of ficial end, and what effect the finish of the sympathetic strike, after a tur bulent course of five days, would have upon the strike of the 25,000 metal FATHER OFT! .S. Man W ho Lost Son in France Fined $250 for Sedition. IleVii.i, Feb. 10. —Four Helena men recent!? convicted of sedition under the f-tute defense act. were sentenced this i>Tiling, John Milch to pay a fine of -Sl.MH): Joe Milch, his brother, to pay a fine of $3.000 and to serve from three to .-•ix years in the state prison; Adam Steck to serve from one to three years in state prison and Richard Lone to pay a fine of .$250. John Milch formerly ran a saloon. .Toe Milch was a tailor. Steck was a saloon swamper and Lohe was a bartender. Lohe's three sons enlisted in the American army, one was kilicd in France and another still is overseas. Because of this showing, Judge W. H. Poorman, in passing sentence, stated that he would not send Lohe to the penitentiary; that he did not wish to fcumilate his sons to that extent. He also warned Lohe not to write to his sons for money with which to pay his fine. "I understand," said Judge Poorman, "that you have written to the boys com mending their action in enlisting. I do not understand what kind of a mind you have." SOUS REIVE Denver, Feb. 10.—Most of the 2.» Denver schools were closed today by the strike of stationary engineers for an in crease of $40 a month to their $115 to $230 pay will be re-opened tomorrow morning. The strikers will be replaced with returned soldiers and sailors who were examined by tlio school board today and given licenses by the city. Today's strike affects 17,000 pupils and 425 teachers. , j ! I I ; i FRISCO BOILERMAKERS PLAN COAST-WIDE STRIKE San Francisco, Feb. 10.—Expected dismissal of the San Francisco boiler makers' union and machinists' lodge from the San Francisco Trades Council for walking out last week against the orders of the council, and a polling of a strike vote of Oakland shipyards laborers and helpers for a 10 per cent wage increase, were developments promised tonight in the strike Rituation here. Six hundred Oakland machinists were expected to walk out tomorrow, follow ing the refusal of the employers to pay them a demanded wage allotment today. The employers held that the allotment was to bo paid on agreement that the macMini.^a would not take S.iturday I i I j • I j i j ! I j i ; 1 trades workers in whose behalf it was called. Of the 130 loeals in the city, 110 were affected by the walkout. That street cars would continue to run and restaurants to remain open, as at present, appeared certain and these fea tures seemed most important to the gen eral public. Delay of four hours, today, in reach ing a decision to set a definite time for calling off the sympathetic strike, was said to have been due to the fact that a report was awaited from a committee sent out by the general strike commit tee on a mediation mission. The object of the mission, it was said, was to obtain assurance that mem bers of small or poorly organized unions would get back their jobs with the rest. As soon as this was assured, the vote to end the walkout at a definite time was taken. Mayor Would Rip Out Leaders. Mayor Ole Hanson, who, from the first, predicted an early end for the gen eral walkout, made the following state ment upon learning of the order to end the demonstration of labor's solidarity. "The calling off of the general strike will not replace union labor in the high position it held in Seattle. Without rca Don t Like Sinister Pos sibility of 3,000,000 Men in Her Army. London, Feb. 10.—British newspaper» of all shades of opinion are devoting serious attention to the attitude adopted by the German government toward the armistice conditions. The Daily News' Paris correspondent sends a dispatch from "authoritative sources on the subject, in which he says his informant told him that he had the best reason to believe that Germany is not continuing to demobilize. "She has now concentrated more than eighteen divisions under von Hindenburg on the western front," the correspondent quotes its informant as saying. "We also have the best reasons to believe that Germany is keeping her troops under arms on the pretext of economic neces sity. Some of the military authorities think that Germany has sought more ma terial to give necessary armament to 3.000.00 men. German demobilization is a condition to our demobilization, and, therefore, disbandment is impossiblo so long as Germany does not continue to de mobilize. The correspondent says he has been informed by a competent British au thority that Marshal Foeh "made a dec laration of a somewhat serious charac ter at a meeting of the supreme war council." Case of Three Men to One. "We are demobilizing fust: they are not continuing to demobilize. There is danger of Germany saying 'we do not care anything about your league of na tions, and we have got our troops." Uti îess a change takes place, wc might be faced with a situation in which Germany, as regards the number of men in the field, will have three men as against the allies' two. "The question of demobilization has been taken up by the supreme war coun cil. All the technical advisers have cer tainly been in favor of taking what addi tional measures may be necessary to prévînt any danger to the allies or their positions or any danger of their not be itjg able to dictate what peace terms they please." (Continued on Taitc Thre<0 afternoons off. The workers declared last Saturday a half-holiday. Boilermakers' union officials an nounced a meeting of the Pacific district council of biiiiermakers in Portland to day to consider a coast-wide strike of boilermakers. Portland union leaders said they had no notice that the meeting was to be held. Dr. L. C. Marshail, a member of the federal shipbuilding labor adjustment board, announced today that he would visit Seattle at the end of this week "to survey the strike situation there." Three thousand or more strikers re mained out today, of the 7,500 San Francisco machinists and Oakland boiler makers' helpers who struck last week. because of differences over the latest wage award of the adjustment board.