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I GREAT DAILY TRIBUNE THIRTY-SECOND YEAR GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 25,1919. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. DEMOCRATS ARE ASKED TO SUPPORT TAFT TREATY PIAN Wilson ïs Accused of Breaking Triple Alliance Pledge T Democrats Will Not Ac cept Reservations if There's Way Out. foi ouïs or inn mil Washington, July 24.—Former Presi dent Taft, who has written several re publican senators and leaders suggest ing reservations to the peace treaty which might be acceptable to both sides, has opened correspondence on the subject with prominent democratic senators. Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, one of the leading spokesmen for the adminis tration in the senate fight, received a letter today from Mr. Taft. The former president's communication to the Nebraska senator was not made public, but it was understood to be of the same general tenor as those sent to the republicans containing suggestions for agreement upon treaty ratification. Stick to Plain Treaty. Senator Hitchcock and other adminis tration senators declured, today, how ever. that for the present, at least, they would continue their efforts for ratifica tion without reservation. Conceding that strength might develop tp compel acceptance of a ratification Resolution with qualifying clauses, the administration senators said they^ had not yet been advised by President Wilson whether he would be disposed to accept ; any interpretations. It was said, how- 1 ever, that the administration would op-1 pose to the last any qualifying clauses 1 which would require re -negotiation of j the treaty. Look for Middle Ground. Kncouraged by the l'aft suggestions, republican senators working out a pro gram of reservations increased their ac tivity today, to bring together leaders and republicans favoring the league idea, so that the league of nations may be accepted without vital modifica tion. Senators McNary, Oregon, McCuraber, N«rth Dakota, and others conditionally favoring the league, expressed confi dence that, in the end, most of the dem ocrats and many republicans will unite on a middle ground. No Wilson Conferences. President Wilson had no engagements, today, with republican senators for dis cussion of the treaty and the league cov enant. Senators visiting the White House yesterday, were the last on the list of 15 selected by the president, but it was said invitations to other senators would go forward, as Mr. Wilson de sired to confer with aw many of them as possible before starting on his speak ing tour. President Wilson's advisers said to day th<' president had known for several Hays of the existence of the letters of former President Taft, suggesting res ervations on the peace treaty. Some of the senators with whom Mr. Wilson has conferred recently have been in commu nication with Mr. Taft on the subject of reservations. House Accepts Myers' Relief Measure for Dryland Homesteaders Silcinl to The Daily Tribune. Washington. July 24.—Senator Myers' amendment to the agricultu ral bill affording relief to home- 1 steaders in drouth stricken sections was accepted by the house today. It will become a law when the pres ident signs the bill. This measure will enable growers of stock to re move temporarily to other sections. Permanent Rank for Admiral Sims and Benson Is Favored I i ! i j ' ! j ! I 1 Washington, July 24. Legislation pro viding the permanent rank of Admiral for Rear Admiral William S. Sims, who commanded American naval forces over seas. and Admiral »William S. Benson, chief of operations, was recommended unanimously, today, by the house naval Committee. ; : ; i i j i EVIDENCE OF ANARCHISM OF I . IV. W. ASKED OF N. Y. PROBERS BY LABOR DEPT. New York. July 24.— The United States department of labor today asked the joint legislative committee which has been appointed recently and is In vestigating seditious activities in this state for nil evidence in its possession which would old in bringing about the deportation of anarchist agitators and, especially, that which would prove the anarchistic nature of the 1. W. W. The government request was contain ed In a lstter written by B. H. Uhl, as sistant United States commissioner of Jabof, to Btata Senator Lusk, chairman -Su WORLD'S OCEAN GIANTS WILL BE TWO LINERS FOR SHIPPING BOARD Liners To Be 1000 Feet Long, 30 Knots Speed, and to Cross Atlantic in Four Days. To Have Gross Tonnage of 55,000; Will Need Crew of 1000 ; Convert ible for War Service. Washington, July 24.—Two gigantic ocean liners, larger than any ships noyv afloat and designed to cross the Atlantic in four dyas, are to be built by the ship ping board. They will be 1,000 feet long and of 30 knots speed and will be equipped for use as commerce destroyers in the event of war. Announcement was made, today, by the board that plans for the ships had been completed and that work on them would be started in the near future. It is proposed to provide a special terminal for them at Fort Pond bay. Long Island, and it may be that two similar liners will be constructed later. The ships, which are to be built under the supervision of the navy department, will be 50 feet longer than the famous Leviathan, now the largest ship afloat, and will have a gross tonnage of 55,000. Accommodations will be provided for 1,000 saloon passengers. 800 second cabin passengers und 1,200 steerage pas sengers. The crew will number 1.000 officers and men and the ships will be of the oil burning type, with a cruising radius of 7,000 miles, which will enable them to complete a round trip on the Atlantic without loading fuel overseas. They will SUPERIORS IE Sergeant Serving Time for Brutality Asks Chance to Expose. Washington, .Tilly 24.—Efforts to fix responsibility of superiors for the mal treatment of American military prison ers in detention camps and jails in and near Paris will be made by a house war investigating committee next week. Chairman Johnson announced, tonight, that former Sergeant Clarence Ball, who is serving a six-months' sentence at Fort Jay, N. Y., for mistreating pris oners, while a guard at a camp, would appear before the committee Monday. "Beat the prisoners or be beaten your self," is the choice Ball says was given him by superior officers, according to a letter written by Ball to Represenative Ballinger, Massachusetts, who turned it. over to the committee. At prison farm No. 2, where Ball was an "assistant" of Lieutenant "Hard Boiled" Muiui, who also is in prison for mistreatment of sol« diers, Ball's letter asserts, he and other guards did their "best not to misuse the prisoners, and it did not suit Smith." "I admit I hit prisoners," wrote Ball, "but the orders came from higher than a sergeant." Ball's letter mentioned only Lieuten ant Smith, but the former sergeant said: "I could easily tell a lot more if I could only talk with you." Other witnesses will be called by Johnson's committee in the inquiry, the chairman announcing that every effort will be made to fix ultimate respnsibili tity. TEN SHOT IN BERLIN RIOT. ; Berlin, July 26.—(By The Associated Press.)—Ten persons were shot diiring : disorders which attended the breaking up ; of a majority socialist meeting by com munists and Spartacans here Monday. AMERICAN SCHOONER FULL LOSS i London, July 23.—Advices received i here from Buenos Aires, state that the j American schooner, Willie M. Maxwell, i was a total loss. of the committee, introducing A. P. Schell, special immigration inspector at Ellis Island, to whom Senator Lusk was asked to turn over the evidence in his possession. Senator Lusk announced that the committee would be glad to co-op erate with federal agents. The only witness examined hy the committee when it resumed its sessions today, was Yen Suarc, it Cleveland at torney who recounted conditions which prevailed in Petrograd before and after the bolshevik overthrew the Iverensky regime in 1917. jjfê FILTHY TALKS TO BE CUT FROM M00NEY REPORT Washington, July 24.— Speaker Glllett, today, agreed to have certain portions of the Densmore report on the Mooney case expunged to meet ob jections raised by the government printing office officials to language In the document. Officials of the printing office said the report contained so many "In vectives and accounts of Immoral happenings" that it would be im proper for the employes to handle it. The language objected to occurs in transcript of conversations alleged to have occurred in the office of District Attorney Fickert, prosecutor In the Mooney case and obtained by means of a dictaphone. be driven by four propellers, on which will be thrown the strength of 110,000, horsepower. In order that the vessels may be con verted into commerce destroyers in time of war, gun implacements will be built on the decks and the after deck will be constructed with a view of transforming it into a landing and launching space for seaplanes. HOLDUP MAN GETS $100; OVERLOOKED ONLY $40 I've re tt, Wash., July 24.—At least $100 was taken, last night, by a high wayman when lie held up the garage of Walsh & Tobb about midnight. About $40 was overlooked, because the robber constantly watched Walsh, fumbling in the cash drawer with one hr.nd. while a check fluttered to the floor. The man escaped. HIGH COSTS GUT Tl War Probers Favor Sale of $120,000,000 Sup ply to People. Washington. July 24.—Immediate sale of the $120,000,000 surplus stock of foodstuffs held by the War de partment, under a plan which will in sure opportunity for the people of the United States to buy, was recom mended, today, by the ten republican members of the house war investigat ing committee. The five democratic committeemen withheld decision pending a review of evidence taken by a sub-committee. "Inexcusable delay." the committee de clared, resulted in the spoiling of mil lions of pounds of hams aud bacon, it being asserted that "notwithstanding the authorization of surplus by the chief of staff on November 30, 1918, no action was taken with reference to declaring a Burplus until May, 1!*19. six months af ter the declaration was authorized." Sales of array foodstuffs in the 1'nit.ed States aggregated $12,000.000 said the report, adding that "a very large quan tity of that sold was spoiled and unfit for the general market*." Attack on present plans for sale of surplus stocks was contained in the re port. which outlined the plan as provid ing for sale only to municipalities, which would have t«ti days to make payment and bear the transportation costs. "This plan adopted by the government" declared the report, "will not result in the sale of the products to any great ex tent, for the reason that municipalities under their charter have no legal author ity to purchase food products for sale." T; London. July 24. — (By the Associated Press).—Eight hundred natives were killed and 1.000 wounded during the recent disturbances in Egypt, according to dispatches from General E. H. Al lenby, it was announced by Cecil Harms worth, under-secretary of the foreign office in the house of commons, to night. The casualties to European and other civilians were: Killed, 31; wounded. 33. The casualties to the military were: Kill ed. 29; wounded, 114. The death sentence was imposed on 30 natives; detention for life, 27 t Upward of 2,000 were sentenced to short terma of imprisonment. Tb» military courts hare been dis pensai with, the sentences which they MtnpoAed being reduced by three months. T STÜHS PLIGHT .. Mechanic Half Hour on Wing of Flying Plane, Repairing Tank. 7850-mile 1 trip Mineola, July 24.—Lieutenant Colonel Hartz, who arrived here at 12:45 o'clock, this afternoon, on the first leg of his flight around the "rim" of the country, expected to get away later in the day for Augusta. Maine, where he plans to stay over night. The trip from the capi tal was without incident, the machine ar riving in good condition. While the official report of the flight said that it was without Tncident it was learned that the plane developed a leak in the water tank while passing over Baltimore. Jeremiah Tobias, one of the mechanics on board, went out on the wing and made necessary repairs while the machine was flying ar an altitude of 5.000 feet. It required 30 minutes to complete the task. The flight from Washington to Hazel hurst field was made in two hours and four minutes. MADE FINE START. Washington, July 24.—An army bomb ing plane carrying a crew of five, com manded by Lieutenant Colonel It. S. Hartz, left the ground here at 10 a. m., on the first leg of a flight of nearly 8.<KM) miles around the rim of the coun try. The first stop is scheduled in Aug usta, Maine, 560 miles from Washing ton. The flight is the longest ever attempt ed by the army air service and will carry the machine thru 31 states, over 05 cities and cover lone stretches of the Atlantic, Pacific and (Juif coasts, as well as the Canadian border. Colonel Hartz was accompanied by Reserve Pilots Lieutenants Ernest F. Harmon and Lotha A. Smith and Me chanic Sergeant John Warding, Jr.. and Master Electrician Jeremiah Tobias, The big machine rose from Boiling field, circled the White House in low flight, then headed away on its course. Direct flight;« between the points des ignated for th'î terminus of each day's flight will not be attempted. The first stop, today, will be Hazelhurst field. Long Island. Tomorrow the airmen will preceed from Augusta to Cleveland, 080 miles. The general line to be followed will carry the machine in order to Duluth, Seattle. San Diego. San Antonio, Miami, and back to Washington. The actual measured distance of the route is 7,805 miles. t The machine used is a two-engined craft known as the L\ S.-Martin bomber. j ; : ' ! . I ; i I ' TREATY PASSES LORDS; OBJECT TO KAISER TRIAL % Curzon Announces For mer Ruler May Not Be Brot to London. London, July 24.—(By The Associated Press.)—The lords today passed the peace treaty and tne Anglo-French treaty thru all stages. In tho course of the discussion. Viscount Bryce, former ambassador at Washington, depreciated holding the trial of the former German emperor at London. Baron Buckmaster said there were graver reasons why the government ought not to pursue any further the project of trying the German war lord. It was certainly unfitting, he declared, to ask an English judge to sit on such a tribunal to administer a law he does not know by procedure and has never been defined, in a court he does not control. .... In his reply, Earl Curzon said he thot the kciser in exile in no way compares with Charles I or Napoleon. He was unable to imagine that a man who had ignomonioiisly fled his country could be turned into a martyr or a hero by a trial, while his continual presence near the German border might be a political danger. It might be, however, that the trial would not be held in London. No final decision has reached ana the chances of the trial becoming a spectecular show and disturbing public opinion and the daily national life were competent and important considerations. Even if the trial were within the shores of Great Britian, it by no means followed that London would be the place selected. LENROOT FAVORS BRACING TREATY ON WILSON LINES Wisconsin Senator Considers President Got Only Six Out of 14 Points in, So He'd Add Res * ervations and Ratify It. Washington, July 24.—Acceptance of the league of nations with reservations to protect independence of American ac tion, was advocated in the senate, today, by Senator Lenroot. republican, Wis consin. The right to determine domestic questions, to administer the Monroe doc trine and to decide upon its course in any case arising under article 10, lie as serted, should be more fully protected by reservations. Of President Wilson's 14 points, the speaker said, only six had been com plied with in the treaty, while four had been "clearly violated' 'and four "not included at all." Among those violated he mentioned the stipulations relating to open covenants, disarmament and im partial adjustment of colonial claims. He expressed the opinion that the league provisions would not be effective in forcing disarmament. Almost All for League. "The country ought to know." said Senator Lenroot ."that, with very few exceptions, the members of this body, irrespective of party, are in favor of a league of nations. And the country ought to know that, with very few exceptions, the republican members are in favor of the league now proposed, provided res ervations are made protecting the rights and interests of the United States. "I believe the I'nited States can and should be protected by proper reserva tions. and with such reservations, the league may be of great value in pre venting future wars and securing a bet ter understanding between nations." The articles providing for arbitration ! ! I j ; j 1 : j ! 1 I ! ; | j ; 1 FUTURE IN LEAGUE, SAYS Abhor Revenge and Work Under Socialization Policy, He Urges. Weimar, July 24.— (By The Associated Press I—In addressing the national as sembly, Wednesday, Gustav Adolph Bauer, the premier, alluding to tue re cent strikes, warned the country against a hasty revolution, which, he said, could only be a counter revolution, resulting in disaster. The premier admitted the great masses of the people had ground for discontent and said it was the gov ernment's task to remove any just rea son for this. The remedy, he added, was a law regulating workers' councils and economic councils, which the govern ment would draft. The premier offered a long exposition of the government policy, which, he said, was one of socialization. Ile said a democratic state possessing railways, electricity and mines would be in a position to give to Germany's economic life that form of contentment which he considered right and possible. The government's policy he added, al so would be devoted to preventing the superfluous importation of luxuries and especially exclusion of all imports which would be likely unfavorably to influence the labor market. "We shall need to work and to harbor revenge," the premier said in conclusion. "We shall have t.o renew our national life and give national thought on the foundation of the league of nations idea. On the growth and the strengthening of that idea our hope must rest and from it must come at revision of the peace treaty." : ESO AS ! i ! ; i I ! T Taeoma, July 24.—How the late Father Peter Francis llylebos, pioneer Catholic priest in the Pacific northwest and founder of St. Leo's church here, employed a man to take his place in the war against. Germany was told m superior court here, today, when Hugh McClure Drane filed a creditor's claim of $250, thru administrators of the late priest's estate. Father Hylebos was born in Belgium and, bitterly lamenting that his advanc ed age prevented him from personally seeking revenge for the ravishing of Iiis native land, cuter* d into a contract with Drane, according to the story told in court, which was sustained by one of the administrators who. in an af fidavit, says that Father Hylebos had told him of the agreement. Drane never crossed overseas, but has been discharged and. returning to Tacorn*. cites $250 as a "reasonable sum Tacomff, for services he rendered." and giving the league authority to act in case any war or threat of war, were praised by the senator, who also said he considered the withdrawal article satisfactory. The provision made regard ing domestic questions he considered "open to objections." while he thought a reservation should be adopted declar ing the Monroe doctrine "unaffected." He also suggested a reservation under which nations could not hare the dis armament limitations placed upon them while they were at war. No Right to Pledge War. Regarding article 10, Senator Len root, said he considered that "neither President Wilson nor the senate had any moral right to obligate the United Seates to go to war to preserve the territorial integrity of existing political independ ence of members of the league." The people should be left free in the future, he said, to refrain from engaging in war ngainst their will. "Partisanship is being charged against republicans in the consideration of this treaty," said the Wisconsin senator, "a charge which I know, at least as to the overwhelming majority of republican senators, is utterly without foundation. But I do say that if senators across the ai.-le would only forget that President Wilson is the leader of the democratic party and remember that this is an American question, I am confident we could come to an almost unanimous agreement as to reservations for the protection of the United States." PERIL Of FOREST FIRES IN STATE St. Regis and Thompson Falls Apparently Safe Prom Flames. IMera. July 24.—All reports of forest fir ; reaching the office of the Helena nati. forest, today, are encouraging, a ting a considerable improvement in ;ii, situation, says A. 11. Abbott, deputy •- '[»t rvisor. Men are being sent from 11. . na to the Landers fork blaze to re K 've the ranchers who have been assist ing as fire fighters. Iiis only report from the Big Black foot is that the fire is in check and that danger to ranch property and livestock has practically passed. The Jimtown fire, in the Big Belt mountains, north of Helena, is well under control. ! MISSOULA SITUATION WORSE. Missoula. July 24.—Showers in west ern Montana, last night, ranging from a light precipitation in some parts of the district to a heavy fall in others, helped improve slightly the forest fire situation district forest service officials, here, said today. Higher winds, last eve ning, did not do as much damage as had been anticipated, it was said, altho thunder storms last night were respon sible for many new fires in the district. A slight improvement in conditions was reported from the Lolo forest, as the result of light showers. The situation in the Missoula forest on the other hand, apparently is becoming more serious, Apparently. St. Regis, threatened by forest fires for several days, is now in little danger, and Thompson Falls also was reported safe, the flames in that immediate neighborhood having been brot under control. Other Burn Fiercely. Alberton and vicinity had a heavy shower, last night, which helped relieve (Continued on rage Two). j ! ! 1 I ; j j ! ; ! | j j ' j CARDINAL GIBBONS PREDICTS PARTIES WILL GET TOGETHER IN RATIFYING NATIO NS LEAGUE Baltimore, July 24.—Cardinal Gibbons, who was 85 years of age Wednesday, authorized the following statement with regard to his attitude toward the league of nations. "It is my firm conviction that, after thoro and honest dis cussion in both houses of congress, both parties will finally arrive at a common agreement, based upon a just and sincere league of nations, that will give us a reasonable guarantee against the horrors of war in the future, as well as grounded assurance of lasting peace without in any way impairing American sovereignty or surrendering any American right and without involving us in entangling alliances. .1 am sure that an early adoption of the league will infuse intense joy thruout the Uniteid States without distinction of party, and will be hailed with satisfaction by Ü>e allied powers of Europe. SENATE CHARGE President Storm Center of Attack on Withhold ing Defence Pact. under alieged text Washington, July 24.—While republi can and democratic senators were feel ing out the possibilities of Former Pre sident Taft's plan for interpretations in the league of nations ratification the at tack on President Wilson's course in con ceding peace was renewed, today, from & new quarter. The storm center of the assault was a section of the defensive treaty with France which published texts have shown to provide that it must be presented for senate ratification, at the same time as the treaty with Germany. The latter submitted two weeks ago: the former still is in the president's possession. After an hour of debate, Chairman Lodge, of the foreign relations commit tee, and Senators Branaegee, republi can, Connecticut, accused the president of supporting a pledge of simultaneous presentation made when he signed the treaty, and Senators Hitchcock, Nebras ka, and Williams. Mississippi, democrats of the committee replied that the charges only renewed an attempt to "armstrong" and discredit the president. Later, Chairman Loflge presented a resolution which the senate would "re spectfully request that the treaty be sub mitted, so that the senate could consider it in connection with the German treaty." A request for immediate consideration was blocked by Senator Robinson, demo crat, Arkansas, and the resolution prob ably will come tip tomorrow. It carried this quotation from section four of the treaty as published. "The present treaty will be submitted to the senate at the same time as the treaty of Versailles is submitted to the senate for its advice and consent to rati fication." No Extra Dividend on Bethlehem Steel, With Future in Doubt New York, July 24.—The Betbleham Steel corporation announced that it had declared the regular quarterly dividend of 1 per cent on classes A and B of its stock, payable September 15, but that the directors had deemed it expedient to make no extra distribution to stock holders at this time. The company's statement said the board believed it wise to conserve the corporation's, resources, against, the "somewhat uncertain future." War Probers to Call Homer S. Cummings on Spruce Charges Washington. July 24.—Homer S. Cum mings, democratic national chairman, is expected to appear before one of tho war expenditures investigation com mittees that headed by Representative Frear, Wisconsin, charged with inquiry into aviation expenditures. Mr. Cummings is to be asked about publicity said to have been issued by the democratic committee in which thn proposed visit of the Frear committee to the Northwest for investigation of spruce production was referred to as » "joy junket" and intimated, according to republican committeemen, that th« whole inquiry was for partisan purposes. Mr. Frear will ask Mr. Cummings, re publican member of the committee said, to substantiate the charge of partisan ship. CARDIFF COAL EXPORT BARRED. London, July 24.—(Strike).—The ex portation of Cardiff coal has been stop ped by a government order issued to day.