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T IS FOR AUTOM OBILES Manager of Local Branch House Talks of Value of Lines in Increasing the Traction—Develop ment of Years of Thot. The survivors of a myriad of ideas serve the car owner today. Only sub consciously aware of their presence, he can luxuriate in the comfort of his ma chine, confident that all is well, as the engine purrs and the tires grip the road to speed him on his way, business or pleasure bent:. There are some inter esting stories assciated with the ideas that have survived the tests and the competition of the automobile construc tion world. Such tnles are part of the romance of modern business and contain scores of human interest features. The automobile tire alone has behind its perfection the thots of thousands of men, thru a score of years, in tropical rubber growing plantation and American manufacturing center. When a tire is brot to the fore, its tread design perhaps catches the eye of the observer first. What thots lie be hind the making of that design It is merely a pattern by which the automo bile "fan" may know the name of the tire maker? The story of the making of one tread design will answer both questions and give an idea of the vast amount of time and thot devoted to the development of each of the thousands of ideas which are behind the comfort and safety of the automobile driver of today. The Firestone company a short time ago began placing the alternate cross and square design on its cord tires. C. Ii. MeCaslin. who represents the company in this city, learned the whys and where fores of the design whvn at the big fac tory of the company at Akron recently. "I found that it takes a great deal of time and thot to originate a real non skid tread for an automobile tire, - ' said Mr. MeCaslin yesterday. "The design of alternate crosses and squares was adopted by our company only after months of careful investigation, compar ison and tests. "In designing a tread the first ai:n is to produce a maximum flowing of rub ber. Success in this means a corres ponding success in the amount of trac tion obtained. This traction, with due consideration to gasoline conservation, should hold the car to the road. Other things being equal, the more angles and the more lines of contact there are, the greater is the gripping power. Figures show the cross and square design has more angles than any other tread de sign on the market. "Wear is also an important considera tion. The higher the edge, the stronger It Encourages Care of Rims and Thus Will Tend to In crease Wear. A noteworthy advance in the protec tion of the interests of tire users is the announcement by the Goodyear Tire «V Rubber company, Akron, Ohio, of an un limited guarantee on all tires made by that company—whether pneumatic, solid or cushion-—with a all tires guaran teed perfect during their entire life, without limitation as to mileage or length of service. It was originally Goodyear' s custom to fix certain definite mileage guarantee —a custom which is still followed by many tiro manufacturers—and as tires became better thru the application <>t more efficient methods of manufacture, the number of miles guaranteed gradual ly increased, until about five years ag>> this company discarded the idea on pas senger car tires of guaranteeing a defi nite number <>f miles from each tire, and inaugurated a policy of extending an un limited guarantee. This policy—a pio neer one in the merchandizing of tires —involved the obligation of the manufacturer to "stand behind" its prod uct thruout the entire career of the tire, no matter whether the tire's life reached 5,000 or 50,000 miles. All of which means that no matter hnw far a Goodyear tire has gone, if any time in its life it proves defective, a fair and equitable adjustment is made to its owner. This liberal warranty, which has gov erned tires is now extended to cover solid and cushion tires as well. For some years nearly nil makes of solid tires have been warranted for 7,000 miles of service only. The record of thousands of users, how ever, stow that Goodyear solid and cush ion are averaging greatly in excess of this figure. So that the limitation is now removed permitting these tires to be placed on the name service basis that ha« been so acceptable to users of pneu matic tires. This policy recommends itself because it. is fair to all concerned. It gives the careful driver and the careless one ex actly their just dues. It tencj* t.» make the tire user exercise proper tire care, since upon his average mileages depend in part the basis upon which he can hope to secure reparation if a tire should de velop a defect during its lifetime. And it recognizes the justice of a dif ferent basis of service adjustment for the tire used 011 the read wheel of a heavy limousine and for that used on the front wheel of a light roadster. With no care or indifferent care, the best tire cannot reasonably be expected to give perfect service, nor can a poor tire prop erly cared for render the same service that a good tire will give. So that the unlimited guarantee which stands for the life of the tire has many advantages over the practice of guaran teeing a certain number of miles to each customer no matter how he may use his tires, ^ The primary advantages of the (loorl vear unlimited guarantee are that it lasts the full life of the tire, no matter how many miles that period includes; reparations are made on a reasonable expectation of service find not on a fixed inflexible basis; and the tire user is en eon raged to care for his tires properly thereby securing a low cost per mile of service. ! GUARANTEE WILL AID TIRE OWNERS the bulwark raised against the attacks of wear and stress from without. Be cause of its three projections in every row, from side to side, the cross and square design offers a maximum wear ing surface. "Everywhere the corner of the square fits into the crotch of the cross. A completely interlocking surface scheme is thus formed. As the two figures are set turn and turn about longitudinally— around the circumference of the tire, and also from side to side across the tread, there cannot be such a thing as an unsupported line where the tire comes in contact with the road. "Straight lines and points, as well as concave and convex curves are present ed. This is another characteristic that reduces slipping and facilitates the handling of pleasure car or truck. "The value of the cross and square design is seen particularly along the edge of the tire. The margin is irregular, because the point of the square and the two claws of the cros< are set alternate ly along the sides. This is a great help in breaking up strains and absorbing them, obviating a fault in the majority of tread designs. "Not only along the edges, but als.i all over, thru and around the tire the cross and square design distributes vi brations. A 'balanced series' of alter nate crosses and squares has been at tained, resulting in uniform action of the tread rubber and a better distribu tion of the strains to the carcass <>f the tire. These things mean better adhe sion. longer wear from tread, and extra mileage from the carcass. "The interlocking of the two figures all over the surface also reduces wear The corner of the square is set in such relation to the cross as to prevent the forming of 'pockets.' The height of the edge also helps the tread to resist the ef fects of wear. Along the sides the cross and square (there are three rows every where) stand iip tu the last, doing their utmost to preserve the tire as the crown is worn down. "The gum used in the tread has been increased in quantity in keeping with the increased size of the tire. In some of the sizes the amount used is increased by as much as twenty per cent. The gum is selected and treated for those qualities which will assure the maxi mum of wearing and cushioning power."' The Firestone company reports an enormous demand for pneumatics this summer, both cord and fabric. This Is True in Montana and Then the Little Motor Has 130 to Spare. No stronger evidence of the import ant fact that the Ford motor car has be come a veritable part of the life of the people could be asked for than is given in the registration records of the various states which comprise our country. For instance, in the month of January there were 11,400 cars of all makes reg istred in the state of Montana .of which 5.790 were Ford cars. This means one Ford car for every other car, of every make and 130 over. This proprotion is very evenly maintained in the other 47 states. There arc mort than motor cars in operation in the I'nited States, more than one-half of which are Fords. Truly, Ilenry Ford has been a gnat factor of benefit to humanity as he has brot the most economical solution to the great problems of transportation, and by the fruits of his genius has linked town and country, community to community, and made the whole country a common meeting place for all the people. Urimming full of that confidence which brings success, and that active energy which creates success, the Ford Motor company are establishing assembling plants in Copenhagen, Denmark and in Cadiz, Spain. The Ford Motor company believes the war is over, that a new dispensation has been established, and that the sooner American manufacturers can align them selves to the new conditions and reach out to meet the great demands of the world, why, the quicker the havoc wrought by the war will have been ef faced. The quicker we can get interna tional business at work, the sooner will the horrors of the war disappear and the earlier we can reach out our hand of trade to help, the earlier will be the disappearance of hate and enmity be tween peope. 1 The Ford Motor company believes if you want the foreign market, go to it. l'on't wait for it to come to you. Take what you have to sell to the market, and there show its advantages to the people who visit that market and to the people who buy in that market. If you wish foreign trade, become an active, living part in the read blood of that trade. The whole world is a market today for American enterprise and they who real ize this truth and make honest efforts to get that trade, will have it. | A SINGER'S GRIEVANCE. "Mamma," complained a little girl re cently, "teacher won't let me sing any more, and I'm the faster singer in the school, too." Some Speed AH Right He brought her in Monday at S a. m., couldn't get along without her. so gave ! him Service with a capital "H." The! car was re-finished, spick and span, like ; a brand new one on Saturday at <> p. m. | e are willing to do us much for you. j ( onie over and let's get acquainted. ' You li be glad you came and so will we. Yours for Service, Quality and Work manship. Wilson-Nordstrom Sign and Auto Painting 109 Sixth St. So. phone 6857 ONE FORD CAR FOR EVERY OTHER MAKE > SAME SPARK PLUGS FOR 15,000 MILES Minnesota Boys Make Long Trip Ending With Seven-Day Non -Stop Run. Not unlike their adventuresome an cesters, the Vikings of old, who roved the seas centuries ago, Thure, Km il and David Styrlund, three youths of Viking, Minn., have just completed a land voy age covering more than half the United States. The tour was made in an Overland Model 90 touring car, the model which recently established a new world's rec ord for a seven-day, non-stop, sealed-in high-gear run at Oklahoma City. Thru out almost the entire journey of approx imately 15,000 miles, the Model '0 pulled a trailer, as big as the car itself, loaded ■with a camping outfit and tools. The three boys are carpenters. They set out from their home in Viking several •months ago with the intention of paying their expenses along the way by working at their trade. They journeyed west over the Rockies and Cascade mountains, thru the national park district to Seattle, Wash. At Seattle they followed their trade for a time. Later they worked in Vancouver. Snow in the Shasta mountains forced them to ship their car from Vancouver to San Francisco, the next lap of their journey. From Frisco they traveled leisurely down the western coast, trav ersing many by-roads in the Yoseuiite valley and Rig Redwood district, and stopping at Los Angeles and San Diego. In spite of the extent of the trip the boys seemingly never tired of riding. Tley were as highly enthusiastic upon their return as they were at the start, it is said. They declare their experienc es are worth many hundreds of dollars to them and that they would not have missed the opportunity "for anything." All have nothing but praise for the Model !t0 which carried them over the 15,000 mile journey . During the entire trip they were not compelled to change the spark plugs with which the car was equipped at the factory, the original plugs still giving efficient service. They estimate that tin car averaged 15 miles to the gallon of gasoline with the trailer and 22 miles without, which is considered remarkable in view of the desert and mountain roads over which they passed. ; I I ! ! I J j j 1 i ! j ! We Install and Recommend INLAND ONE PIECE PISTON RINGS They Save Gas and Oil, Increase Power and Efficiency WE CAN SUPPLY ALL SIZES CITY AUTO CO. Phone 216 409-11-13 First Ave. So. > «> » » >« ♦♦ ♦ ♦ « < ►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦1 Stewarts Cost *200 to '300 Less Their Operating Cost is Less n Adopt Stewarts Save $200 to $300 None Have Worn Out in Five Years The Stewart has not only removed much of the dead weight that causes early truck wear by eliminating 600 to 700 parts, but it has also secured simplicity in design, and saved you .$200 to $300 in purchase cost. There are fewer parts to tamper with or replace. There is less weight to wear tires, burden the engine or consume gasoline. Further economy is secured in the Stewart, because its motor delivers more than 90 r /r of the power to the rear tires—where it is needed. These advantages are widely recognized. In over 200 lines of business in 27 countries Stewarts are in daily use. The first fifty stewarts built are giving uninterrupted economical service today. All sizes from % to 3 1 2 tons. ♦ T. C. Power Motor Car Co. 419 First Avenue North, Great Falls m TRUCKS PUTTING PACK HORSES OUT Republic Machine Walks Up Mountain Side With Load; Pack Trains Passing. Out.near the Cardiff and Price mines in mountainous Utah, pack horses are dejectedly chewing their cud. They see their end. Their deadly enemy the mo tor truck has finally pierced their last entrenchments, and has settled down in their strong points with every indica tion of staying. The motor industry re fuses to talk armistice or gentlemanly agreements for division of territory. And all this after old friend Horse had thot himself secure. Some months ago a specially built high priced truck made one trip up this trail but never repeated. The attack seemed too costly. ; But business must be served, and the I way of the inefficient leads to the I slauhgter house. Now comes the news ! that a stock Republic truck that for ! two years has been hauling freight I around Salt Lake City has made the J trip and is quite likely to repeat it as part of its regular dut>es. "We took that truck off its regular j run it has been working for two years, j and without any special tuning up and 1 with a full capacity load sent it on the i toughest bit of mountain work you can find," said the manager of the Hadley Transfer company. "Twelve of the "I'l miles to the Cardiff mine are up a 30 per cent grade. Dumping part of our load there but still carrying better than two tons we pushed on the remaining four miles to the Price mine up a 47 per cent grade. There were times when it felt as tho we were climbing up the sides of a cliff. But the truck never faltered or layed down, kept pounding and sweating its way up and up, the motor humming sweet as a bird." "This is the first time a stock truck went up this trail, and with the excep tion of one trip by a high priced truck with a special transmission and low gear it is the first time the trip has been made. Our gasoline and oil con sumption was very low and the power traction was wonderful. It was a won derful demonstration and we feel we will be well repaid to standardize on Republic Trucks. We feel thnt this is the only truck in our fleet of five heavy duty trucks that is capable of doing this work." PREVENT LOSS IS WISEST ECONOMY Tighten Spoke When It Gets Loose and Watch to Keep Car in Repair. In these increasingly busy days the auto is more and more a daily neces sity. In business it has become absolutly indespensible to most people at some time in the 24 hours. So it >s that the MONTANA ALL RGHT L -*iii -i THE LAST CHANCE—Courtesy Montana Printing Co. History Repeats Itself A few paragraphs of Kansas history, picked at random from the pages of "Kansas Historical Collections, 1915-1918" on file in the Great Falls Public Li brary. The reading of them brings home a condition prevailing today in Montana. " 1 do not have much to do in speculation; my means won't allow it, though I occasionally dip into some arrangement that I consider perfectly secure. The drouth here, though it is depopulating some counties and driving an immense amount of stock of all kinds from the country, offers such an opportunity of lay ing the foundations of a fortune in a few years that I greatly regret my inability to avail myself of the opportunity and by a judicious investment make such pro visions as will secure the future against the contingencies of age and disease. A great many of the settlers are disheartened and anxious to close out their entire property at figures that would hardly cover the price of the land warrants with which their claims were secured years ago. Of course we are not going to have a succession of such years, crops wiTl be abundant, the state will be admitted, rail roads will be built, AND THOSE WHO ARE FAITHFUL TO THE END WILL REAP THE REWARD. The last two years, covering the entire term of my resi dence here, have been almost as dull as it was in New England in the fall of '57, but I BELIEVE THERE IS A FUTURE FOR KANSAS THAT WILL COMPENSATE FOR ALL THESE MISFORTUNES AND HARDSHIPS." —JOHN JAMES INGALLS, Historian. " In 1860 came the drouth, when nothing grew, and all the wheat and corn to be had in the settlement was that which was hauled from the relief headquart ers at Atchison In 1874 and again in 1876 grasshoppers were a plague and de stroyed the growing crops. Many outlived this and in the evening of their days enjoyed the fruits of their labor, surrounded by their children's children." —MRS. CLARA M. FENGEL SHILDS, Lost Springs, Kansas, Historian. DO YOU KNOW That Kansas is having the biggest crop in its history this year? That just a few years back Montana had wonderful crops? That people are going to buy up Montana land and become wealthy from the returns it will bring them? That this >ear has brought home the lesson that irrigation is needed and that the land must be "worked" to bring out crops? That the history of Kansas should carry a great lesson to you? Plat The General Supply Co. DISTRIBUTORS KELLY SPRINGFIELD TIRES AND TUBES Great Falls Montana mere prospect of a car having to go for annoyance, if not serious inconven to the repair shop is naturally occasion ience, because it means disruption of plans, loss of time and frequently loss of good opportunities, to say nothing of the considerable and unnecessary ex pet're. Economy is now more than ever the watchword, the touchstone of success in business. Wherefore it behooves both owner and driver to be forehanded in prevention of car depreciation. On the basis that a "stitch in time saves nine." it always pays to see that the loose gear is tightened before real damage can happen. This is especially the case with loose spokes. If a spoke is allowed to continue loose the wheel strain and wear increases rapidly until nothing short of a general overhauling possibly an entire new wheel, is necesaary. Then the car has to go out or commission and into the repair shop, and a big bill fol lows its return. All this inconvenience and expense may be easily avoided by the simple applica tion of a few drops of spoktite around the hud at tha first sign of trouble. The foregoing is but one instance of many that daily confronts the auto ow ner. The moral of it all is: See that wear and tear is reduce« to a minimum by constant lookout for the first sign of derangement, and fix it before the dam age becomes serious.