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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
ft. M. BOLE, Edit*! «. WABDEN. JlMtlW LEONARD II. DIBBIa Uualnea* Uaaafat EDITORIAL PAGE THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE Doubtless President Wilson has given mes sages to congress in the past that were more eloquent than his message on the high cost of living and measures to reduce its menace. The subject does not lend itself very easily to ideal ism. It deals with stern facts and practical con siderations. Yet we doubt if any message he ever delivered to congress will induce more thought or take a stronger grip on the minds of men than the one he delivered last Friday. Among the practical recommendations which the president urged on the attention of congress as a means of reducing the cost of living are many that have been discussed before, some that have been partially tried, at least, and a few that are new to most of us. One of the most striking of these is the suggestion of a price mark on goods offered for sale to the consumer with the price paid to the producer plainly marked on it, together with all subsequent prof its which attach to the article, and who received them, so that the consumer may know whether he is paying exhorbitant profits to any one or not when he buys the article. Some of the grievances the public have against alleged prof iteers may be imaginary. But it is just as irri tating to a man to believe that he is suffering a wrong at the hands of another as it is to suffer an actual wrong. The plan of the president to convey to the consumer authentic knowledge of the price the producer received for it and all subsequent accretions to the price would prac tically wipe out a very great deal of profiteering on the part of the middlemen. If the spread was unduly large it would invite immediate attention and tend to promote efforts to lessen the cost of distribution from the producer to the con sumer. The president finds an analogy in this cost label to the provisions of the pure food act which makes it obligatory on the manufacturers and dealers to print on the package label the net weight or measure of the goods, and a state ment regarding its content of deleterious sub stances or adulterations. This pure food law has been of very great service to the consumer. It has driven out the twelve to fifteen ounce pack ages of butter that used to sell for a pound. It has compelled manufacturers of canned goods to cease the practice of stealing an ounce or two from the net weight of their packages, and to be much more careful what they put into food packages, or deceiving the public as to the in gredients they consume under fancy names. In fact, it makes them disclose the truth to the con sumer about what he is buying for food. It is not a far step from the provisions of the pure food label law to the proposal of the president that a label shall also disclose what the cost of distribution between producer and consumer is to the man who finally pays it all. We can easily see that such publicity would be fatal to many kinds of profiteering. Not all goods can be labeled but a large proportion could be, and other means of publicity could be devised for those that cannot be labeled. Particularly the president would exercise con trol over cold storage warehouses where food stuffs are gathered in during seasons of un usual plenty and sent out when scarcity previals. He would have a time limit set for such hoarding and government control over issue of such hoards. Moreover, he would have such necessary and wise hoarding of food stuffs compelled to set forth on a label the time they have been stored, what they cost when they went into storage and the price at which they issued from the storage, so that the consumer would know ! just what this service cost him and speculators ! would be deprived of excessive profits. Under ; such regulation it would be impossible to buy up eggs at 15 cents a dozen and after a few months j rest in a cold storage plant, reissue them at 30 j cents a dozen. The president asks congress to extend the life ; of the Lever food bill which expires as soon as j the peace treaty is ratified by the senate. He i also asks them to extend its provisions to all j food stuffs, clothing, leather, shoes and other j articles of prime necessity. Finally he lays stress on the fact that all ef- I forts to reduce the cost of living must depend ; largely on the restoration of peace to the world and the resumption of production abroad, and that delay on the part of the senate in the rati fication of the peace treaties must inevitably de lay such resumption of production abroad, and so increase the cost of living both at home and abroad. All the world is waiting, the president says, to know what this country is going to do and what help, if any, they can depend on us to give them in restoring peace and their shat tered industries abroad. Every day's delay in answering that question entails more confusion, uncertainty and loss in Europe and for us also in this country. For the president urges with truth that we cannot separate ourselves from Europe in an economic way and prosper while she goes down in economic ruin. As we had to destroy the German military power and obses sion that it was her destiny to rule the world and impose her culture by force on all reluctant peoples for our own ultimate' protection as well ! ! ; j j ; j i j j I as the salvation of the world, so the president argues this nation must aid to the best of its ability the restoration of production and econ omic Iffe in Europe for our own ultimate pro tection if from no higher motive. The president's address on the high cost of living contains much food for thought and it will recfeive such consideration whatever con gress may do about it. The senators will not like it for it places stern responsibility at their door for the needless delays and silly objections they have been placing in the way of the ratifica tion of peace for which a desperate economic world is waiting to their detriment and ours. The president pledges his administration to its utmost effort to do what it may to reduce the cost of living under all the powers that present laws and new laws congress may enact will give it. At the same time he recognizes that these will be but helpful in their effect and that real economic reconstruction and the movement j back of pre-war prices must of necessity be slow, and not possible at all until production in Europe has been set on its feet and is in operation with its old time activity. THE BELDEN BILL The bill for the relief of dry land farmers in troduced in the lower house of the legislature at Helena has passed both houses and is in the hands of the governor. It is the only one of the numerous relief measures proposed that seems to us to possess the needed requirements for prompt relief. In general it follows the lines first suggested in these columns and places in the hands of the county commissioners author ity to care for the needs of dry land fanners to any extent, up to the constitutional limit of five per cent of the latest county valuation, and in any manner that seems best to them. They can do it by issuing warrants or bonds to get the money. In the latter case they must call a county election to authorize them if over $10,000, but such election can be called on petition of a hundred voters on fifteen day notice of such election. We are quite well satisfied that in case a small sum is needed for such relief the counties can issue as many $10,000 warrants as they need, provided they do not issue more than one at a time, and each under separate resolu tions. This seems to us to put it in the hands of each county to finance its own relief as it sees fit and the facts of the case warrant. The resolution introduced into the legislature by Representatives Rasmussen and Cooney which passed the house and was killed in the senate would have been very helpful to the Beiden bill, because it put in a measure the en dorsement of the state back of any bonds or warrants the several counties might issue for drouth relief. It would have made such securi tise more desirable in the hands of eastern bankers. As it is the credit of the several counties will have to stand alone. But that credit will no doubt be ample in most if not all cases. Indeed we do not know of any county in the state whose property is not ample to secure such paper, though undoubtedly some counties have better credit in the eyes of bankers than others have. Only in case a county of small re sources which desired a largo sum for drouth relief, and whose county government had not very good standing in the eyes of eastern bank ers could we anticipate any trouble on their part to cash warrants and bonds within the five per cent limit of their indebtedness. We don't know that- there is any such county in the state, and if there is we do not know that they would not be able to float their warrants either at home or abroad. So for all practical purposes we regard the Beiden bill as an adequate solution of the problem of drouth relief provided it meets with the governor's approval. At the same time we regret that the senate killed the Rasmussen and Cooney joint resolution addressed to the land board, because it would have made assur ance of the easy negotiation of the several county bonds or warrants doubly sure by placing back of them the ten million dollars of state re sources in the hands of the land board, and that would have been an attractive feature to in vestors, even though the credit of the county that issued them is ample and unquestioned. j 3Tfje Opinions o! (©ttjers NEW BROOM THOROUGHNESS. (Chicago Post.) "Czechoslovakia starts with equal rights for women." Where will it end? THAT MAKES A DIFFERENCE. ( Washington I'ost.) The Anglo-French treaty was ratified by the British par liament in a few minutes, but there isn't any presidential campaign in Eugland next year. PAGE "COMEDY RELIEF." (Baltimore American.) And how long before Shantung will break into comic LEANING ON A BROKEN REED. (Charleston News and Courier.) If the Menroe Doctrine relies on Senator Sherman to save it. we'ic afraid it's in a had way. SURE ARE SOME LITTLE FINDERS. (Indianapolis Star.) Congress is finding more things in that treaty tian,(he makers of it ever suspected are there. his up HASKIN LETTER By FREDERIC J. HASKIN THE CROP FOLLOWERS j and'c^cufafe^to' Washington, Aug. 7.—From May un til September a belt of ripening grain, fruit and vegetables creeps slowly uj> the backbone of North America. For example, right now they are har vesting wheat in the Dakotas, Minne sota, Montana and Washington. A month ago they were harvesting wheat in Kan sas. and a month from now they will be cutting it in Canada. If it were pos sible to take a bird's eye view of the whole United States, this harvest belt, would show as a broad golden streak across the central states, and this streak would be seen to move like a glacier. To be exact, it would move at the rate of about one degree of latitude, or 400 feet of altitude, every four days. Moun tains, therefore, would hold it back in spots, and so would great bodies of cold water, like the Atlantic ocean and the great lakes. But its movement, none the less, is a thing which can be mapped nicety. The bureau of farm management of the department of agriculture is just now engaged in a most interesting study of this moving crop belt. For behind the belt, and with it., travels an army that numbers hundreds of thousands—the army of floating and seasonal labor that gathers the crops—and unless this army is right at the front every minute, fully recruited and equipped, and ably led, there is disaster for all of us. The bread and butter of everyone in America, and of millions in Europe depends upon this army. If the wheat is not cut when it is ripe, it shatters and goes to waste. Tf t he potatoes are not dug on the right day, they rot in the ground. If there is any delay in the apple picking, the apples are lost. So that, in this day when every ounce of food is literally precious, the army of crop followers is one of the most important bodies of men in the world. Even so, until about two years ago, little attention was paid to the army of floating harvest hands. In those days there were always lots of people out of work. The crop army always mobilized wherever it was needed without call or direction, drawn by ready work and j good wages, coming mysteriously from all quarters, as insects gather about spilled honey. Not only did war change this, but apparently it affected a permanent change. During the war the crop army was lacking in many places and crops rotted. In other places lawless elements came in, and there were fights and fires Wd general disorder. This year the army was recruited again to its norma! proportions, but not without a great deal of hustling on the part of the depart ment of agriculture, the department be to f j in iflbor, and numerous state and local».. ngencics j • That is why the bureau of farm man- I !" agement is now making such a careful u ? study of tfcut creeping crop belt. The recruiting and movement of the crop army cannot be left any longer to chanc->. From now on its operations will be di rected by map, just as carefully as the operations of any other armv i-< (he field. The present investigation is de signed to show exactly h >w many acres there are in each of the principal crops in tue Cnited States, on what date each j crop ripens in each vicinity, and exact ly how many men are needed at that place at that time to harvest the crop. Then every available agency can be put ; the to work long in advance to find the men. j Of course it is underisable for any j n f industry to have to depend upon floating labor. This is undesirable. n>*t onlv for the industry The floating home, wife, . . , „• , , ! but for the floating labor., laborer usually has r.eitbe th property, j j j j j pay I in as LEVI P. MORTON, 96, REPORTED VERY LOW j ne j I and j I 1 I or city If the can Recont photo of Levi P. Morton. New York president of -Levi P. Morton, vice the United States from ISS«) to IS!),", and later governor of New York state, is ill at his country home at Rhinecliff on the Hudson. He is in his Mth year, and his family and friends are seriously concerned over his condi tion. His name has been taken from the many direct, rates in which it ap peared and his nephew, Morton Minot, lias been placed in charge of his finan cial affairs. Mr. Morton's health began to fail last year. The effects of a long illness and the death of his wife in October had broken down his sturdy resistance to the advance of time, and physicians were in almost constant attendance. He lost his formerly keen grasp of affairs, and although physically able to be up and about, the years had taken toll of his mental faculties. In the proceedings necessary to wind up the $2,000,000 estate of Mrs. Mor ton. Surrogate tîleason of Poughkeepsie found Mr. Morton unable to give testi mony or to understand the documents ^presented for his perusal. one or the been try. have it. their the is long J far I in j ing j : on j dome lie. the ages be All and I Ilor here set lady, can others things which make the differ ence between a malcontent and a good citizen. But in farming, a floating labor supply is essential. What one man can plant it takes ten to harvest. That is i stubborn and inescapable fact. No farmer can afford to carry ton men the year around because he needs them in "the harvest field for a few weeks in the summer or fall. Floating labor, therefore, we must have. And the way to remedy the social ills that afflict the floating labor is to make it float in a regular and carefully calculated way. The farm management experts say that there are a great many men <n cities whose work is seasonal, and whereas winter is the dull time in the country, summer is usually the off season in the city. For example, peo ple who have to do with the heating of houses «in the city are generally out of work in the summer. Furnace tender.* and repairers, drivers of coal wagons, men who cut and haul wood, are a few of the types that come readily to mind. These men are city workers and seldom think of going to the country for work in the summer. The opportunity must be advertised to them. It is possible for many workers to establish a regular routine. spending the winters in the city and the summers in the harvest field. They will make more money and enjoy better health than they could by sticking to one job all the year around. For, while the regular hired man on a farm is not very highly paid, the harvest hand is coming to be one of the best paid laborers in America. Har vest hands in the wheat fields this year are getting fifty cents an hour for a ten hour day, and board and room. Expert stackers get seventy cents an hour. Of course these men werk hard and live un der crude conditions, but they are able to save more money than clerks and pro fessional men making from two to three thousand a year in cities. Another class of seasonal workers who may turn to the harvest, field in the summer is that of the student and pro fessors of universities and colleges. Some college boys have gone to the wheat fields every summer for a long time, but. many more would go if the movement were properly advertised and organized. Nearly every section has some special type of seasonal laborer who is out of a job in the summer. Thus in the South Atlantic states, the oystermen are out of a job in the warm weather, while in Maine many men who work in the lumber camps in the winter find jobs I in the harvest fields in the summer. 1 \ type of worker who appeared it: i Ids for the first time about 3017 j ** - - - - . !" , (hr vacationist. All sorts of men were j ? f!uc , od b ? ? tjr organizations, such as | the farm b,:ndr<-d f this •<; management, believes y s VJl( ., til)n , K!J chambers of commerce and Kotary j clubs, working in co-operation with t various farmers' organizations, to spend j their two or three weeks of holiday ! shocking wheat or picking fruit at good ! wages. In Host on a large contingent of I i : i : ! I . 'street railway employés went to the rescue of the farmers iast year. This year, although the emergency was not so great, a good many of the vacationists went again. A packing house in Kansas City gave all its men a vacation on pay provided they would spend the time the harvest fields, their wages on being clear gain About one ir,d fifty men took advantage purtunity. Wilcox, of the bureau of farm nit the city man reat possibilities a solution of the harvest problem, lie points out that most P drov bitten v than ne work harder m 11.• • ;r vacation ley do ordiuariiy. (Jo to any r: ration about this time of the mi can see the vacationists returning es sunburned, weary, insect nd broke. What did they get for their money- A change of occupati o and environment. Thi« they could have gotten just a< we'd ■:> the harvest fields, along with the >':til»-.n! and mosquito bites, and each of them could hive put aside fifty or sin's dollars instead of leaving that much behind at some beach mountain resoi This is a suk'g' taken seriously by ev> ry nh'-'-b.idie; city man who is not a! oe a|; finaneia considerations in platr.iing l is vacation you want a job in t!s- wheat N ot the apple orchard, the department o! agriculture, or its m -r rcpresouintivt can tell you where to get one. , land ; •a'i nul : t i >11 which dd bi TRAVELETTE By M KS AII 1EBEL HAROUN. Jebel Haroun. Mountain of Aaron, is one of those doubtful famous places which may or may not deserve the at- ! tention they receive. Thai the Mount Aaron, in southern Palestine, is rot the Mount 1 lor of bilde historj is con tended by some scholars who climb the peak, while others aver that this h , surely Mount Ilor. the «cène of 'be pat riarch Aaron's death and burial. The case for the Mount of Aaron is strengthened by the fac' that it ha = loir; been so called by the Aral), of the conn try. and also because the Mohammedans have erected a mottle over v bat t h < \ regard as the true tomb of the pa-rtau !•„ So sacred do they hold this sichte that is with difficulty that persons not of' their faith can obtain guide* even, correct information as to the iscent of ! mountain. Now that Creat Britain! in control of Palest inc. the so long forbidden even to draw near the ! Moslem shrine, may airain come into possession of the sacred mount, tho so Croat Britain has left such places j the possession of those already liold them. The little white Mohammedan shrine I the summit of Jebel Haroun is a landmark for miles around. Ilelow the ; dome the leader of Israel is supposed to tho only the faithful can enter the j chapel, and they are reticent as to the i contents. It is regarded as likely that I present tomb replaced a much more ' imposing monument erected in the middle ; ages by the Crusaders. From the lonely tomb of Aaron a re : inarkable view of southern Palestine can obtained. Jebel Haroun is the tallest mountain in this region of mountains. about it is a stretch of tumbled peaks valleys bare and rocky, with the "end Sea lying off to the north. Mount : Ilor of the bible is supposed to have commanded an impressive outlook, and here again Jebel llaroun scores heavily j against the lesser peaks that have been i up as its rivals. Tiliio dinger says that in asking for accommodations at a strange place yes terday she inquired if there were any other boarders. "N \" replied tins land lady, "unless it's my husband, and lie quit any time he wants to." 5TRENGTH AÜ55ERVICE ESTABLISH ED 1891 YOU WILL RECEIVE THE BENEFIT Consider what a great benefit it will be to you to establish the habit of reg ular deposits with the Great Falls Na tional Bank. Begin today with the amount you can spare. 4% Interest Paid on Savings Accounts ] Great Falls PHONE 9799 Wilson, Harley, Clark & Co llllinilllllllliillinillllfllitllllill Certified Public Accountants (t!!lllll !!ll!!lll!!!itl!!l!!ll!liilll |j Offices 76-77-78 Stanton Bank Bldg. AUDITS, EXAMINATIONS, INVESTIGATIONS, BUSINESS SYSTEMS INCOME AND EXCESS PROFITS TAX RETURNS LABOR NOTES The South Wales Miners' Federation has a membership of over 150,000. The largest tannery in the world will be built near Binghamton, N. Y. New York city has over 1,000 machine shops employing 12,000 general machin ists. A six-hour day and a 25 per cent in crease in wages is the demand being made by Scranton (Pa.) miners. Over 200,000 coal miners in England have quit work until such time that their wage demands are made satisfactory. Only about 8 per cent of Finland's population are engaged in industry, while 70 per cent follow agricultural pursuits. The garment-makers in Paris have or ganized in order to maintain the standard of living they attained daring the war. A Chicago bond house pays a cash bonus to its employes when they are married; also when children are born. The over 12,000 employes of the Calu met and Ilecla Mining company in Michi — gan have been granted a 15 per cent in crease in wages. Miners employed in the copper mines of Montana were recently given an ad vance of $1 a day in wages. Postal clerks employed in the postof fice at Chicago have been given an in crease in pay amounting to S 100 a year. Detroit metal polishers who demanded an increase of 20 cents an hour have been locked out by the firm for which they worked. Seventeen hundred boilermakers and iron shipbuilders have gone back to work in Montreal. Canada, having received an increase in wages. In order to secure additional help, Cincinnati overall manufacturers are of fering girls a bonus of $5.50 weekly, in addition to the wages while learning. Their weekly wage is SIS. V 44-hour week and a substantial in crease in wages has been granted to electrical workers at Yakima, Wash. Oil workers in West Virginia are con ducting a vigorous campaign to organize themselves into one big union, livery little village or farm in Finland has its own workshop where during the Spal - Bor Insect Powder EXTERMINATES ALL INSECTS LAPEYRE BROS. ! , LOTS Industrial Sites, Business Lots Trackage Residence Lots in aHirarte-of the city—With Water, Sewer, Cement Walks, Boulevards TERMS Yz Cash, '/sin 1 year, % in 2 years 7 Per Cent Interest ob Deferred Payments THE GREAT FALLS TOWNSITE CO. 0% Third Street South, First National Bank Building ! year, and in turn, come the shoemaker, j the wheelwright, the saddler, the tailor ' and the harness maker. Prohibition has closed many T 'nited States, glass plants, throwing thousands of workers out of work. Nearly one hundred and fifty meat shops in Seattle, Wash., are now paying journeymen meat cutters .$40 a week. Trade union action has made it pos sible for iron molders and jewelry work ers in Cincinnati to secure the eight hour day and increased wages. Altho the domestic servants' 10-hour act was passed by the last California legislature, Governor Stephens has per mitted it to die without action on his part. Stanton Trust & Savings Bank ; : i g*rpl*» "7 .'.WW'.*." 1300,o«* j DIRECTORS 05,00« j P H Buckley w James W. Freeman Bart Armstrong J. O. Patterson Jacob C. Fay ■r.w.1, ». - „ A - Beardgle« Philip jacoby M. S. Klepp. P. H. Jones s. j. D oy i, George H. Stanton OFFICERS George H. Stanton President P. H. Jones Vice-President £• J- Doyle Cashier H. M. Emerson Assistant Cashier Stanton Bank Building. Great Falls. American Bank & Trust Co. of Great Falls ; 1 DIRECTORS R. P. Reckards H. G. Letcher W. K. Fiowerree William Grills Fred A. Woehner Charles R. Taylor Frank W. Mttchel Albert J. Fousek L. E. Foster Alfred Malmberg Robert Cameron Charles Horniua Charles E. Helsey OFFICERS R. P. Reckards President W. K. Fiowerree Vice-President H. G. Eescher Cashier F. O. Nelson Assistant Cashier Interest Paid on Time Deposits.