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MONT ANA P RESS ASSOCIATION AT GREAT FALLS, SEPT. 4-5-6. COME ALL YE EDITORSI
GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE THIRTY-SECOND YEAR GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1919 PRICE, FIVE CENTS. SENATE TREATY CHALLENGE DECIDES WILSON ON TRIP WEST Strikers Warned to Return or Government Will Run Roads TREATY DEBUTE RISES TO BITTER Fall Says McCumber De fended Delivery of Stolen Goods. JISKED TO RATIFY LIKE GERMANS TO SIGN, SAYS „„ ,. . „ , . . . on the peacc D treaty'rös4 to The bitterest point today since the document was pre-, eented bv President Wilson. Defending the committee's vote on the Shantung amendment, Senator Fall, re publican, New Mexico. 6aid he was weary of some who wished to make the nation accept, the treaty "just as it came from the White House, with no more consid oration for the American people than was! show the Germans when they signed at the point of bayonets." Sharp interruptions of Senator Fairs speech by Senator McCumber, republi can. North Dakota, led to one of the bitterest exchanges since the treaty de bate began. Facing each other at a distance of a few feet, the two senators raised their voices and pounded their desks to emphasize their declarations. When Senator Fall said that Senator McCumber had defended on the ground of justice the award to Japan of "goods stolen by Germany from China." Mr. sprang to his feet and McCumber sprang ms auu shouted ; ^ I deny that statement. in toto as he in g absolutely and unqualifiedly false., I have never taken the ground that the act of Germany was fair and moral.'' McCumber Warns Fall. "You did defend the Shantung provi sion." retorted Senator Foil, "and claim ed that Japan had the right to take Shantung." "And she derived that right under a solemn pledge to return it, but you leave that out of your statement," rejoined Senator McCumber. Senator McCumber said that as Sena tor Fall was prescribing for the conduct of Senators, he should take some of his own medicine adding "und you will take it before you are through." Senator Fall was interrupted by Sena tor Nelson, republican, of Minnesota, who asked -what he proposed to do with the treaty. "There is no use attempting to chop this treaty into ntince meat," declared the Minnesota senator. Senator Fall said he would not enter into a discussion with Senator Nelson in deference to the latter's age, where- ! upon Senator nelson rejoined: Not Childish Says Nelson. "You needn't consider my age, but just ! consider mo the voungest man in the i I am neither in my second child Mexican youngest man seni.te. hood in this matter nor in th matter." Senator Fall, said senators who had not read the treaty and did not know its contents were the most insistent that it be ratified immediately. Hear Negroes Today. The foreign relations committee, in a meeting preceding the senate session, was unable to proceed with its consid (Continuoil on l 'a«« Two.) RYAN DENIES USING AIRCRAFT OFFICE TO GRAFT RAILROAD FOR MILWAUKEE Spur Built ? ?nto Spruce Timberlands Had Ordered Before He Assumed Job, Says Copper Man. Been Butte. Aug. 27 T ih Butte office, John I ►. it u -. ; ri; ■ . f the Anaconda Copper Mm • op.-. board of directors, who re ii. (■ ...» as prötident of the comp-n.- ■ n ai director general of .! • . for the war period, is.-ucd today refuting charge.-' !••■!; administration «if the spni' pro«, I State:,: ling t.. divisioi it cd ■ ion :■ lit Of the contract fur construction of ■ railway in the state of Washington, sai-i to have csot $12,000.000, Mr. Kyan de clares that contracts were completed be fore he assumed office and that because he was interested in the Chicngo. Mil waukee A: St. Paul railway, lu- r fused to discuss the affair except in an ad visory capacity, but he referred the mat ter to Secretary Baker. Contract Before Appointment. Although Mr. Byan is now in New York, his- Butte office was authorized to make the statement, which says in part : "It is admitted that I authorized con struction of a government, railway in the state of Washington, which was in ef fect an extension of the Chicago, Mil waukee & St. Paul railway, of which I was a director, and that the road cost: $12,000,000. It is further admitted that I was interested in land or timber to be tapped by this road. These charges were dealt with by Secretary Baker at the heari% in Washington, Aug. 1. The coutract with the Siems-C'arey-H. S. • R. R. MEN WHO BALK AT RESUMING JOBS WILL BE SUSPENDED Straw Vote Shows Men Still Defiant, While New Coast Points Others Join Walkout; Mails Sent by Steamer. at In nil order to return to work, striking engineers at Los Aügcie-, yesterday, were warned by W. S. Stone, their national 'ehW, that the government would take steps to operate the roads if 1 hey do not go back to their jobs. W. G. Lee, chief of the Trainmen, threatened the strikers iof thai organization with suspension if they stay out. The ■ nswer of the brotherhood men of the "Big Four" was a combined vote not to return. ! The engineers then met to take a vote. As they decide, so ; will the other three brotherhoods. Switchmen and yardirfën on the Southern Pacific have also ml f- Qommpntn » ^dtrcUneiuO. 1 " 1 CHIEFS RAP MEN SHARPLY. I.os Angeles. Aug. 27.—Striking' ; trainmen here and at San Bernardino, I today voted on whether they would obey the order of Warren S. Stone, president j of the Brotherhood of Locomotive ! Engineers to return to work. j u Snn p, ennardinn members of the j F , mr -. voted by a JarR ., majority according to reports, not to return. The vote was taken at a combination meet ing of the four crafts. The engineers then went into separate session to decide what course they will pursue with regard to Mr. Stone's order, wliicii is directed at then.. nie result of the vote, taken here at the Labor temple, was not to be announced until late tonight, according to strike officials, but those who had hern in touch with the situation «11 ( j a y declared 85 per cent of the train men voting favored disregarding Mr. Stone's order. All Wait on Engineers. Although only the engineers are af-1 fected by this order members of th «>j other crafts who are out have decided to follow the lead of the engineers. If the engineers vote to return 11 work, the rest of the trainmen will re turn; if the engineers decide to dis obey Mr. Stone's order and stay out, so will the other trainmen. A telegram containing an order return to work, and declaring that the to trainmen who fail to heed it will be suspended from the brotherhood was addressed to local strikers bv W. G. Lee. First Hint U. S. Will Act. "T'nless there is a decided improve ment, the government will take steps the to operate the lines," simultaneou notice issued by W. S. Stone, president of the engineers' organization, said. Possibly connected with (he intent of the government to act to operate trains, was the convening of the United State* grand jury at 10 o'clock, this morning. ?°r *]l e announced purpose of inquiring 0 • ' ?/' abandonment of a train raal > nt . <\>ltqn, Tuesday, by trainment. who joined the strike ther« The train also carried passengers, who ' completed their trip by electric train j and automobile. The telegram to the trainmen said: j "Advices from the railroad adminis- I trat.ion are to the effect that the Pa- ] cifie Electric is operating under prac- j tically normal conditions with strike breakers and that the only roads cm- ! barrassed on the coast are government- j controlled lines where our organization j • the protection of the government. Kerhaugh company was entered into by proper officers of the spruce production division on the Pacific coast more than a month before I became director of air- j craft: production, May 1, 1018. "When it was brought to my ntten- , lion 1 refused to discusso it. I referred I the whole matter to Secretary Baker,' because the Chicago, Milwaukee -4L St. Paul railway was an interested party and 1 was a director of that railroad ■■•id a member of its executive rommit Mr. Baker called in Mr. Stettinius. then assistant, secretary of war, and stated that the contract for the railway construction had been negotiated but that the Cnited States railroad admin istration had refused to allow the Mil waukee to expend its funds for con struction. The railway administration took the position that the new road was being built, not as an enterprise, but ns a war measure. "1 never saw the contract afterward. I never signed it. "Subsequent investigations revealed that the Washington line did not cost $12.000,000, as charged, but less than one-third of that sum. "1 had nothing whatever to do with the railway contract, and all I had to do with the Siems-C'arey-H. S. Ker baugh company contract for spruce pro duction was to insist on certain changes which I believed should be made for t holds contracts. Men must return ! j j engaging only make to work at once and remain at work, un less advice received to the contrary from Vice President Whitney, who ar rives in Los Angeles tomorrow morn ing." Making Situation Worse. The message was received by G. Fullenwider, local chairman of the brotherhood, at Richmond, Cai., and stated that "no authority or sanction j was given by this organization for strike lof yardmen of the Santa Fe and South- j I era Pacific, and all members of the ; ; brotherhoods should be advised to re i turn to work at once, as the action in sympathetic strike will j bad situation very much j worse" n j mi « ri,™ ßoM, ' Roads Offer to Take Them Back. J Officials of the Southern Pacific, San- j without loss of seniority the men judice" rights. Telegraphic and long-distance comrou nication was opened at once to all points ta Fe and Salt Lake lines were eommu nicated with at once and announced that might return "without pre-[was along the three systems in the strike zone, and at daylight efforts were still j in progress to communicate with brother- j hood men at the various railroad centers. Mr. Montgomery said that he was in I formed President Stone's instructions I were being obeyed in San Francisco. He j said there would be no accessions to the ! ra.iks of the strikers there and that men j now out would return promptly, | Mall Situation. J I rhe Pacific Electric company, Wed nesday reiterated its refusal to take !>a<-k the strikers' except as new men "and when vacancies occur."' Another development of I j I ' j development of importance in the rail tie-up here, which is com plete, was a statement to the postal authorities, Wednesady, by a delegation of trainmen, who said they were ready to handle exclusive mail trains. Accord ing to the postal authorities, railroad officails insist that the mail trains had also been carrying passengers, and this demand caused delay in reaching agreement for train service. ! A boat load of mail left the harbor here for San I rancisco today. A motor j truck service has been established all ; through southern California. j lhe street rar strike here, which is j credited by both strikers arid employes j with having started the trouble tbat j has now spread through several states. | was at a deadlock today. Passengers are j still riding on the fenders and roofs of the cars at rush times and neither the (Continued on fuge Two.) j , I "I have not and never have any per sonal interest in land or timber on the Pacific coast or any enterprise con nected with them, except as a sharehold er of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. I'anl railway. "I believe that contract was entered into solely in the interest of the govern ment and its allies, that it was necessary to build the road for spruce »redaction, to insure a full supply of airplane wood; that the need was urgent and unprecedented and everything that was done to meet it that has come to my knowledge was done under capable man agement by men who were acting from patroitic motives." BROKE UP OTHER COMPANY. Seattle. Aug. 27.—Backers of a proposed railroad between Port Angeles and Aberdeen, two Washington points, lost heavily when the Siems Carey-H. S. Kerhaugh corporation, government contractors, used 20 miles of the Wash ington company's proposed right of way in building a railroad into 1 lie Olympic peninsula spruce stands. J. W. Lindsay, a Port Angeles attorney, today testifi ed before a house of representatives sub-committee here investigating gov ernment expenditures in getting spruce from the Northwest. "They ruined our entire comprehensive scheme and refused to pay us a cent," Mr. Lindsay declared. "The whole pro ject had cost us about $150.000 cash.'' Lindsay told the committee he had been told John D. Ryan, former chief of the government aircraft service, owned a big block of stock in the Siems Carey-Kerbaugh corporation. Lindsay is on» of the organizers of the Port Angefes and Grays Iiarbor railway com pany. US. EDITH HELLS Experts Urging Change Cite German Case to Back Demands. by Baltimore, Aug. 27.—Execution the Germans of Miss Edith Cavell, th English nurse, which aroused the in dignation of the allied world, was in accordance with the laws of "civilized war", according to a minority report f the committee on military law, of _ the American Bar association, made j and wis concurredin by JudgeWilliam j> Bynum. Greensboro. X C the j other" minority member in advocation ; abolition of 'the death penalty for women convicted of infringing military j awa "" Not American Sentiment. . „ „ report Mr. Gregory said: " A careful consideration of the case of Miss Kllitb < whose un f ortu . nate fate has aroused the sympathy and public today. Both majority and minority reports were prepared by the com mittee which was appointed to investi gate the court martial and suggest reforms in military law. The reference to the case of Miss Cavell was made by S. S. Gregory, of Chicago, chairman of the committee, pxeited the indignation of two continents has led me to the conclusion that she executed in accordant with the laws and usages of what we are pleas ed commonly to refer to as civilized warfare. "This being so, it has seemed to me quite inconsistent with our condemna justice, provisions of law which were! relied upon by the German military authorities in ordering her execution." . j 1 he majority members of the com mtttee. Andrew A. Brüse, of Min neapolis, Martin Con-by, of New \ork, tl0n " . those who thus took^ her life retain m our own ^system of military ~ ~ ■ ' and John Shinkley, of Baltimore, decla ed they could not "concur in the sug gestion of Mr. Gregory that thpre should be provisions prohibiting the (Continued on I'ase Two.) SIX BANDITS IN NAVY UNIFORM HOLD UP PARIS CLOWN'S YANK BAR Paris, Aug. "7.—Six mert wearing navy uniforms carried out a spectacular holdup, last night, in a bar room run bv the famous French clown, Footi. The m en entered the bar at 11 o'clock and: fj v ,- of them lined up the customers against the wall and searched their pockets. Meanwhile the other man rifled ff, ( > till, taking from it, in addition to lo.OOO francs, Footi's watch and a dia moncl ring j - U. S. AIRMEN MAY NOT BE FOUND; PLANE WAS; SEARCHERS RECALLED Calexico, Cal., Aug. 27.—Searching, parties sent out to find Lieuts. Frederick | Waterhouse and C. H. Connelly, Ameri can aviators, who were reported found Tuesday, tonight were recalled by Gov ernor Èsteban Cantu of Lower Califor nia. The recall was ordered by Governor Cantu in a message from Ensenada. the capital of Lower California, to Col. Hip polito Baranca commander of the Mcx ican garrison at Mexicali, across the bor- i OIL LAND LEASE BILL ATTACKED AS FAVORING ENGLISH INTERESTS Washington. Aug. 27.—Charges that the interior department was discriminât j ing in the west against the American oil interests in favor of English oil and pot ash industries were made in a telegram Banker Under Arrest On Charge of Arson Missoula, Aug. 27.— F. L. Austin, cashier of the Thompson State bank, is under arrest there on a charge of arson, the complaint being signed by State Fire Marshal R. S. Mentrum ot Helena. The building which was damaged ly fire was the one in which Austin was living and the fire was discovered just after he started on a trip to Yellow si' ne park. He was overtaken and returned to Thompson Falls and later Mr. Mentrum was summoned. Hearing will be given him September 3, until when he is re leased ou Iiis own recognizance. Tried Reform, but Baker Warned Him 'Mind Own Business.' OF FEARING TO PROTEST Washington, Aug. 27.—Samuel T. An sel!, formerly acting judge advocate of ; the army, told a senate committee today i that Secretary Baker, General March, chief of staff; Major General Crowder, i judge advocate general, and other gen- j eral officers place deliberate obstacles in j J the way when he sought to obtain clem- ! ency for soldiers given harsh sentences.! The committee is considering a bill by | Senator Chamberlain for changes of the military justice system. When he first made a report on the | subject of reform in the system in 1017, Ansell said, h^ was relieved immediately "with the knowledge if not the suggestion of Secretary Baker" from all duties re ' at ' n £ military justie "The truth is." said Mr. Ansell. "that thej^dui not like my liberal views. Of course they won't say it. but the facts j speak louder than words." Disregarded Order at Times. When he had opportunity later, as act- j ing judge advocate general, to review court-martial sentences and sent clem- | ency recommendation, Ansel! said fre Q"*nt1y he received curt replies from See- ' relary Baker to "Mind your own busi- ; „ , . , . i Secretary Bauer later issued a generali or der prohibiting the judge advocate gen- | eral from making clemency recommenda- j tions, he said, but added that, in minier cases, when he was in charge of the j office in the absence of General Crow- j der, he disregarded this order. Shocking at Camp Dix. After the armistice, Mr. Ansell stated, army punishments, especially in camps in this country, became more severe. At ('amp Dix, in particular, he said, punisb ments were "shocking." When he reported these conditions to General Crowder, Mr. Ansell said, the judge advocate general said he was re luctant to act because he feared it might be considered as "an impeachment of the system of military justice." Footi endeavored to against the marauders and brok champagne bottle over the head of one of the men. who, however apparently was not injured. Footi, who was quite famous through his appearance as a clown on the Odeon stage and is well known to pat rons of Paris vaudeville houses, during the war opened an "American bar'' on Montaigne street. , ! defend his place i der from this city. The message said: | "Having found the lost airplane 150 miles south of Ojas Negros, please re call all searching parties sent out: for this work." Lieutenants Waterhouse and Connolly were reported found between Ojas Ne gros and Calle de la Trinidad. It is not known here whether Governor Cant it's message means the aviators' machine has been found. Nothing has been heard from them except the bare announcement they i had been found alive. (read in the senate today by Senator T,a Follette, republican. Wisconsin, during | an attack on the oil, gas and coal land leasing bill. The telegram was dated I.os Angeles and was signed by 1». J. Graham. E. N. Routhe, Edgar Temple. George Lepage and Ben McLcndon. designating them selves as "committee on legislation." "We demand." the telegram added, "that investigation be made of the $150, 000 alleged to have been paid to the in terior department to clear title and for the patent of millions of dollars worth of oil land not subject to patent which has recently become the property of the English government." "We want shown." the message con tinued. "why, that out of 1,300.00 acres of oil land withdrawn by the presidential proclamation from entry, including Amer ican citizens, that only 1(H) acres affected English holdings in California. We want to know why the interior department drove American tenants off of the potash land on technicalities and patented 40, 000 acres to an English corporation." Another telegram from Fred W. Parks of Denver, said the bill was a "Standard Oil measure," PRESIDENT WILL SPEAK AT HELENA AND AT BILLINGS Water Cut Off From Desert Towns by R. R. Strike Needles, Cal., Aug. 27.—Santa Fe trainmen running between Barstow and Needles and Seligman, Ariz., struck today. The other end of the division toward Bakersfield has been inoperative since Monday. As a result of today's move, a number of small desert towns on the Santa Fe, to which water is taken by tank cars, face a water famine. The stations which depend on water brought by the train are few in num ber and small in population. Often only an agent and his family and a track-walker or two are quartered at a point listed as a regular station. These people, however, are in real danger unless transportation in some form is restored, as the climatlo con ditions are such that this season they cannot walk from the desert without danger of dying by exhaustion, and few of them have any transportation facilities of ther iown. PROSECUTE IN f> • • ID 1 • . Criminal rrOCeeClingS tO ^ ° T Be Taken in Case at Seattle. Seattle, ceedings partment out of j Aug. 2T.—Criminal pro nre contemplated by the de of justice in a case growing government shipbuilding in Washington, according to testimony ! , : j ! given by Howard G. Cosgrove, Seattle attorney for the emergency fleet corpo ration. at an investigation being con ducted here by a special house of rep resentative committee into shipbuilding expenditures. The information that criminal pro ceedings are contemplated was brought out during an examination of Mr. Cos prove regarding wooden shipbuilding here. Representative Joseph J. Walsh, chairman of the committee, asked Mr. Cosgrove if the shipping board had ever criticized him regarding criminal prob lems. The witness replied to the negative. "Well, have you been consulted by the department of justice asked Mr. Walsh. "Yes." was the answer. "Against whom are the proceedings to be taken?" "I prefer to answer that question in on executive session of your committee. The matter is still pending and it would not be proper for me to disclose the names now " R. R. BILL AND PLAN PROPOSE MERGER; BILL IS FOR PRIVATE OWNERSHIP; PLAN, FOR FEDERAL Washington mere plan f Aug. 27.—A bill and a j railroad re-organization, tiotli put forward, here today, proposals ! for consolidating the roads, the bill un- ' der private ownership, the plan under a federal railway company. , j The bill for private ownership ^con- , con solidation and operation was introduced bv Senator I.enroot, Wisconsin, the fed eral company plan was offered before the senate interstate commerce commit tee bv Judge George W. Anderson, of the Cnited States district court, of Bos ton. a former member of the interstate commerce commission. The I.enroot consolidation would em brace guaranteed minimum earnings, the management shared by the security hold ers, public and employes, with provision for sharing excess profits between the public and employes, is proposed in a bill introduced today, by Senator Len root, of Wisconsin. The bill differs radically from the Plumb plan. It. was drawn by the Cit- I izens' National Railroad league in Col laboration with Senator Lenroot. I nder the proposed plan, the rail roads of the country would be placed under the private ownership and op eration of one corporation, the manage ment of which, however, would be under the supervision of the I. C. C. but con ducted directly by a board of 11 direc tors appointed by the president and con firmed by the senate, consisting of two employes, two representing the United States chamber of commerce, two farmers, three security firms and one each from the I. C. C. and the state railway commissions. ' Will Spend 25 Days Lay ing Appeal for Ratifi cation Before People While Senate Debates that he frPOUPntlv h« Hisf P? dl ne irequeiuij fias G1SCUSSUI hlS proposed trip With his ad Plans to Review Fleet and Greet Pershing on Return Are Abandoned in Battle for League. Washington, Aug. 27.—The I itinerary of President Wilson's : swing around the circle, with ad dresses in behalf of the peace treaty in at least fifty of the 1 principal cities of the country, is expected to be announced to morrow. Undar the present plans of senate leaders, Mr. Wilson's de parture will follow closely sub mission of the foreign relations committee's report on the treaty and his appeal to the country for ratification. Just how far the senate developments have in fluenced the president's plans is not revealed, but it is known proposed trip visors in connection with the senate situation. Nothing to Stop Him Now In the opinion of some sena tors on both sides of the treaty fight, the aggressive stand tak en by the committee in adopt ing textrial amendments to the treaty has provided a definite issue which may have had some connection with announcement of the president's plans. , Anyhow, after weeks of uncertainty : nothing now can change the presiden't j trip, according to definite announcement made today that the president would ! leave Washington as soon as arrange ment could bo made. When this announcement was made, it was understood by White House of ficials that the review of the new Pacific fleet at San Francisco original ly set for September 2 or S had been postponed until September 15. and Sec retary Tumulty said he believed the president would be at the (iolden Gat»' by the latter date, to take part in tho ceremony. Late in the day. however. Acting Sec retary of the Navy Roosevelt an nounced that the review would be heM September 10. This was decided on, he said, when the president, several days ago. had requested that plans for (Continued on Toge Two.) j The plan proposed by Judge Ander son is held to combine "the most de ! sirable factors" of both government and ' private ownership and operation, Formation of a federal railroad corn pany, with broad powers, including eminent domain, to take over existing transportation facilities, so as to provide "a single national highway and carrier system," were advocated by Judge An derson. New Status for Labor. Labor would, by the proposals of thft witness, have a new status and respon sibility, including profit-sharing, but strikes would be illegal. Along with capital and public, labor would have equal representation on the board of directors selected to manage the roads. Rates would be initiated oti the serviee-at-eost principle by the fed eral company, subject to approval of the interstate commerce commission, states would deal with purely cal questions, improve such as commutation rat ments and safety precautions. Present owners of the carriers, by this plan, would be protected in that all valid and property outstanding bonds would be assumed by the federal com pany, and guaranteed by the govern ment, and stockholders in regular divi dend ' companies would be permitted to exchange their holdings. Stockholders in the new company, Judge Anderson pro posed. would have an incentive for ef ficiency. economy and progress by au thorising a dividend in excess of the standard one and pro-rata issues of new stock at par.