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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, August 29, 1919, Image 1

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[MONTANA PRES S ASSOCIATION AT GREA T FALL S, SEP T. 4-5-6. C OME ALL YE EDIT ORS!
GREAT FALLS DALLY THTHCNK
THIKTY-SECOND YEAR
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1919
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
ATURDAY TIME LIMIT Of U. S. BREAKING COAST STRIKE
Montenegro in Revolt Is Peace Firebrand
EUROPE DREADS
E
T
E
iClash Is Between Adher
ents of Deposed King
and Serb Faction.
OPPOSES JUGQ-SLflVIA
London, Aug. 28.—Fighting has brok
len out everywhere in Montenegro and
the whole country is in a state of revo
lution, according to news received here.
The Serbians are using strong measures
I in an attempt to suppress the uprising.
"We seem to be in for a recurdescencc
lof the Balkan trouble," was a statement
made to the Associated Press from an
I authoritative source.
The Montenegrins have cut the rail
I way between Yirpazar and Antivari, on
I the coast.
The Serbians are receiving reinforce
I nients, but are not meeting with success
lin their efforts to put down the revo
lutionary movement, according to ad
vices.
The uprising in Montenegro seems
I likely to bring to a head the long smol
dering differences between the Monte
n'griu supporters of former King Nicho
las and the faction adherring to the plan
for the incorporation of Montenegro in
the Jugo -Slav state. King Nicholas has
never recognized the validity of the act
of the Montenegrin assembly, last win
I ter, in deposing him. Serbia is insistent
upon the adhesion of .Montenegro to
I.Tugo -Slavia and claims that a majority
of ihe Montenegrins favor the union.
The contention of the nationalist party
in Montenegro, however, is that the
Montenegrin national assembly has been
'packed" with pro-Serbians, making tbe
action of that body in voting last April
for adhesion to the Jugo-Slav state not
truly representative of Montenegrin
opinion.
FREDERICH FORMS NEW CABINET
Paris. Aug. 28.—Stephen Frederich,
Hungarian premier under Archduke Jo
seph's regime, has formed a new cabinet
for Hungary in which, besides the prem
iership. he assumes the post of minister
of the interior, according to a llavas
dispatch from Budapest. He says, ac
cording to a report, that, he is strongly
favored by the socialist and military
parties.
SEEKS PEACE OF RUMANIA.
Copenhagen, Aug. 2S.—Nikolai Lenine.
the Russian bolshevik premier, has sent
a delegation to Kishinev, to negotiate
peace with Rumania, according to a re
port received from Budapest.
VON DER DOLTZ HITS MITAU.
Paris. Aug. 28.—Dispatches reaching
the peace conference indicate that forces
under General von der Goltz, at Mitau,
have attacked Lettish headquarters in
that city.
SILSEIAN MINERS RETURN.
Berlin, Aug. 2,8.—Silesinn dispatches
show that the situation in that region
is much improved, from TO to So per
cent of the miners having returned to
work.
BRITISH MISSION ARRESTED.
Copenhagen. Aug. 28. — Three mem
bers of the Rritish mission to Lithuania
were arrested by German soldiers and
taken to Mitau, according to Riga its
patches to the Lettish press bureau. The
British mission to Riga subsequently de
manded the release of the men.
U. S. Peace Mission Has Cost
$1,250,629; President Asks
$825,000 More for Envoys
Washington. Aug. 28.—President Wilson asked congress
today for an additional appropriation of $825,000 for the ex
penses of the American peace commission in Paris from last
July 1 to the end of this calendar year.
The president said that up to July 1 the total cost of the
commission had been $1,250,629, and he estimated that by the
end of the year the total would reach $1,506,706. A part of
this has been appropriated heretofore.
Among the largest items up to July 1 were included $144,
914 for subsistence, $103,000 for salaries, $105,000 for ex
penses of the commissions sent into other countries.
In transmitting a detailed account of the expenses, the
president said that in view of the 200 per cent increase in
prices in Paris as the result of the war, he considered the
expenses of the American commission "very modest."
When it began its work in Paris the American delegation,
the president said, consisted of 1,300 persons, but on July 1
this number had been reduced to 400, of whom only 88 were
civilians.
$5,000,000 WASTED, GRAFT
IN NEW R. R., SPRUCE PROBE
CHARGES; URGE RECOVERY
Funds Declared to Have Been Misapplied to Pros
pective Use of Milwaukee Road; Gen. Disque
Arraigned for Disregarding Route Selected by
Superiors; Majority Wire Secretary Bakee to
Hold Up Sale of Poperties; Civil Action Is
Suggested Against John D. Ryan and Others.
Portland, Aug. 28. — "Approximately
$5,000,000 of government funds were
squandered, misapplied and converted
to the prospective uses of the Milwaukee
railroad interests," by those in charge
of army spruce production in the Pa
cific northwest during the war, accord
ing to n report telegraphed today to
Secretary of War Baker by the congres
sional investigating committee which ar
rived here today from Seattle, where
an inquiry into the operations of the
spruce production division was conduct
ed last week.
The report was signed by Represen
tative James A. F rear of Wisconsin,
chairman, and Walter W. Magee of New
York, constituting a majority of the com
mittee. Clarence F. Lee, democratic
member of the committee, did not sign
the report.
Seek Facts for Recovery.
The report declares that the expendi
tures of the spruce production division
were "wasteful and unnecessary" and
concludes by saying "that further inves
tigation may disclose conditions upon
which a recovery can be had against
John D. Ryan and others who are re
U. S. Will Sell Supplies,
Docks, Railways and
Warehouses.
Washington, Aug. 28.—Sale to
France for $400.000.000 of all A. E. IV
property in that country, except that i
withheld for return to the Cnited j
States and for the use of troops re
maining, is provided for in a contract i
signed with the French government, the I
war department was advised today by
its special liquidation commission. Pay
ment will be made in ten-year gold
bonds, bearing interest at tbe rate of 5
per cent from August 1, 1920.
The bonds are to be redeemed in gold
at Washington on a dollar basis or, at
the election of the United States, in
francs. The contract covers all "fixed
installations" such as docks, wharves,
railroads, storage warehouses, barracks
and refrigeration plants, us well as sur
plus clothing, subsistence stores, motor
equipment and munitions.
10 PER CENT DISCOUNT
PUT ON CANADIAN SILVER
Seattle. Aug. 28.—Canadian 50-ceut j
piec es will be worth only 45 cents at Se- j
attic banks after tonight, local bankers j
having decided to charge a 10 per cent j
discount on Canadian silver beginning!
tomorrow. j
sponsible for this wasteful expenditure
of public funds."
The committee recommends that, be
cause of "additional facts" before it, that
the proposed sale of railroads, miils and
timber tracts acquired by the spruce
corporation be postponed until further
inquiry can be had and that any bids
which may be received for such prop
erties be held subject to final decision
by the proper authorities.
Rather Scrap Mills.
"We would rather see these railroads
and mills scrapped than to have the gov
ernment sell them to the Chicago, Mil
waukee & St. Paul railway for an in
significant percentage of their cost,"
reads the report in reference to the .16
mile line built by the Siems-Carey-II. S.
Kerbaugh corporation of New York, from
Disque Junction on the line of the Chi
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul and Lake
Crescent to Lake Pleasant, Clellam coun
ty. Washington.
The report declares that "the line was
built, not to carry spruce logs, but as
an extension of the Milwaukee railroad
for commercial purposes and as a short
cut to Gtays Harbor."
STRIKE THREAT
SEES STEEL IEN
Send U. S. Corporation
Letter That Few Days
of Limit Remain.
EITHER UN INTERVIEW
OH UNION WAR. OPTION
Washington, Aug. 28.—Samuel Gom
pers took immediate hold of the restless
labor situation on his return to Ameri
can Federation of Labor headquarters
today from Europe.
Closeted all day with the executive
council of the federation, Mr. Gompers
declined to make any statement as to
what course would be pursued in deal
ing with the many problems pressing for
attention.
In the case of the steel workers, their
committee, after conferring with Mr.
Gompers, made public a letter to Elbert
If. Gary of the United States Steel cor
poration, notifying him that a strike
would be called unless an interview was
granted the union representatives with
in the time limit previously fixed.
j
in the time limit previously fixed.
Irons Out Shopmen.
Officers of the railway shopmen's
union talked over their demands and the
railroad administration's compromise of
fer with the federation president.
Representatives of the striking actors
in New York also saw Mr. Gompers, but
no information as to the conference was
given out.
"We have received your answer to our
request for a conference on behalf of
the employes of your corporation," su id
the steel men's letter to Judge Gary,
"and we understand the first, paragraph
of your answer to be an absolute refusal
on the part of your corporation to con
cede to your employes the right of col
lective bargaining.
Strike Test of Authority.
"You question the authority of our
committee to represent the majority of
your employes. The only way bv «hieb
we can prove our authority* is to put!
the strike vote into effect and we sin
cerely hope you will not force a strik.
to prove this point.
"We asked for a conference for the
purpose of arranging a measure where
the question of wages, hours, condi
tions of employment and collective
bargaining might be discussed. Your
answer is a flat refusal for such con
ference. You also made reference to the
attitude of your corporation in not op
posing or preventing your employes from
joining labor organizations. It. is a mat
ter of common knowledge that the
tactics employed by your corporation
and subsidiaries have for years most ef
fectually prevented any attempt at oi
gauization by your employes.
{Continued oil Page Two.)
I Tn asking that the sale of Spruce
I Corporation holdings "costing ap
j proximately $20.(XK).000'' advertised to
; take place in Portland, Oregon, Sep
j tember 2 next, be delayed, the com
I inittee comment as follows:
f "The recent sale by the war depart
| ment to tbe Curtis Airplane company of
i S20.000.000 of aircraft» material for
! $2.700.000. or K> per cent of the cost,
j .suggest the importance of preventing uu
i necesary loss to the government."
Disque Disregarded,
j Brigadier General Bryce P. Disque,
j former commander of the spruce division
' and president of the Spruce Production
j
corporation, is severely criticized for
i decreeing the choice of the Lake Cres
j cent route. It is pointed out that Sec
| retary of War Baker had previously
' approved of the Deep creek route, whirl. '
j would have entered tb<* Clallam county
; spruce area via the Pisht river, and that
General Disque, apparently without
1 authority, disregarded the prior decision
I °f Secretary Baker. The report further
! points out that General Disque was
| advanced in rank from "an ex-captain to
contrast
a general m a year. "
That the "total selling capacity of I
the Pacific coast, given by the .Sijruee ,
I reduction corporation a* nine billion
ho'ur'VttMs "could 1 " "ensil" 1 "''have °been i
donbled' in case of necessity and was |
sufficient under tbe commandeering j
powers possessed by the government, to >
have cut every spruce tree on the. coast
that could be logged, and would have I
provided lumber for a million airplanes
if logs were to have been had." are
harges contained in the report. In
this, the committee sayï,
"not one American-built lighting plane
or bombing plane ever reached the bat
tle front during our - am / with Ger
many."
}
OF STEEL LORD
Share in Annuities With
j Widows of Roosevelt
! and Cleveland.
IE GAVE
350, LEFT 30 MILLIONS
New York. Aug. 28.—The will of An
j drew Carnegie, made public today, esti
! mates the value of the ironmaster's es
täte at between $20,000,000 and $30.000,
'000.
| The will leaves the rea! estate and all
| the works of art and household goods to
| Mrs. Carnegie. The financial provision
Mrs. Carnegie and her daughter. Mrs
Miller, was made during Mr. Carnegie's
life time.
A statement issued by Elihu Root. Jr.,
says that Mr. Carnegie's public gifts
and charities during his life time exceed
ed $;;r>o,ooo.ooo.
The fourth article of the will contains
a series of legacies to charitable insti
tutions, while the fifth article contains
annuities to relatives and friends. The
Garnegie Corporation of New York is
the residuary legatee.
|
1
j
.
! Washington, Aug. 28.—Acceptance of
j President Wilson's offer of a small wage
increase pending the outcome of the:
I government''s efforts to reduce the cost
An annuity of $10,000 is bequeathed to
former President Taft and annuities of
$0,<K.)0 each to Mrs. Grever Cleveland
(now Mrs. Thomas J. Preston) and Mrs.
Theodore Roosevelt, widows of former
presidents.
An annuity of $10,000 is bequeathed to
Premier Lloyd Georg.- of England.
Public bequests include Cooper Union.
New York, $tM),0(M); Pittsburgh univers
ity. $200,000; relief fund of I he Authors
club .if New York, $200,000; Hampton
Institute, Virginia, $300,000; Stevens
Institute. Hoboken, N. .T.. $100.000; St.
Andrew's society, of New York. $100,000.
Shopmen's Chiefs Vote
to Accept Wage Offer
Pending H.C.L. Cut
May last, of having had dealings with 1
the enemy, will be commuted to life j
imprisonment ou Devils island, | J
of living was advised by the executive
council of the railway shop unions, in a
letter today sent to all union locals.
French Traitor's Doom
Changed From Death to
Devil Island for Life
Paris, Aug._ 28.—The sentence of
death upon Pierre Lenoir, convicted in
Nomination by Both Par
ties Urged as House
Passes Fixed Title.
Bill FOUR inns CIST
MST, V\ III FlU
j Washington, Aug. 28.—In recognition
of General John J. Pershing's service in
the war, the house today passed a Lull,
' authorizing the president t
confer on
him the permanent rank of general,
The measure now goes to the senate.
i'he vote for the bill was L'TI : and tour
—Connolly and Jones, democrats, of Tex
as: Schall, progressive, Minnesota, and
Temple, republican, of Pennsylvania,
voted against it.
Joint Session to Welcome.
I immediately after naming the bill the
, h0U80 <man imousiy adopted a resolution
ri>vi jj n „ f or t h e appointment of a com
i n,ittPe t0 arrange for a joint session of.
| <-on £ resf U welcome < itérai PwtaR
j on re urn t0 Ap ' 111 t>( ' 1 ' 1 *
> "'rjvjbutes to <; P nera! Pershing were
irioutes to i.emrji ismug
I P» ld b ? manv members of the house
Deiroeratic Minority Leader Clark said
General Pershing was more deserving
than any former general "having com
inanded more troops than any other man
and having fought on three continents."
Republican Leader Mondell said:
'Along with his great military leadership.
General Pershing has been alert enough
to maintain an interest in the country's
affairs" and urged the high rank for
the commander as a recognition of bis
tribi'te to the humane sentiments of tien
era! Pershing, saying: "He's a heart as
well as great ability as a general."
First mention in congress of Genera!
Pershing for president was made dur
lng debate by Representative Campbell.
extraordinary service.
Democrat Booms Him.
Former Speaker Cannon. Illinois, paid
democrat, Pennsylvania, who said: "Th
country cannot pay too great an honor
to him. I would like to see the people
of this country and this house put aside
otir partisanship, our adherence to de
mocracy and republicanism." declared
Mr. Campbell, "and make him the unan
imous choice of the conventions that as
semble next year and elect him president
of the Cnited States."
Warning to Turkey
by U. S. Admiral Was
on Lansing's Orders

j
j
i
!
I
Washington. Aug. 28. In warning
Turkey that massacres of Armenians
must stop. Rear Admiral Mark L. Bris
commauder <>f the United States
naval forces in Turkey, was acting un
der instructions from the state depart
ment. This was announced today offi
cially.
! th
! i
,
Judge Spares Cattle
Commission Houses
Charged With Gouging
Chicago. Aug. 28. Federal .fudge
Sandborn has issued a temporary injunc
tion, restraining Secretary of Agricul
ture Houston and other government of
ficials from revoking the licenses of sev
en Chicago livestock commission houses
who are charged by the government with
violating the presidential wartime nroc
lamation of .Tune, 101N, in regard to the
feeding of livestock in transit and before
sale to the packers, which requires that
> service be performed for the ship
r at cost.
l'he government charges that the com
mission houses have been making a profit
on this servi
Wilson's Air Letter
to Prince of Wales
Figures in Mishap
Ringhampton. N. Y.. Aug. 2S. -A let
ter from President Wilson to the Prince
of Wales, sent by airplane, has been
mailed from Windsor. X. Y . by Captain
.1. M. Foote, U. S. A., a competitor in
the Xew York-Toronto aerial derby.
He was blown out of his course afier
le iving Albany and landed Monday night
on a hill near Windsor. Recause of a
damaged motor, his airplane was shipped
to Mineola.
Negro Killed, Churches
and Lodge Hall Fired,
on Race Rising Report
Eastman, Ga.. Aug. 2S. Eli Cooper, n
negro, was shot to death in a church
at Oomulee, Ga., near here today, by
a mob. The church then was burned.
Other negro churches and a lodge hall
hi the vicinity were burned, after reports
had been circulated that, the negroes
were planning to "rise up and wipe out
the white people."
4 BROTHERHOODS
JOIN HINES EDICT
TO START T RAINS
Ultimatum Sent From Cleveland Headquarters
by Chiefs, With Announcement Unless Men
Keep Contracts, Big Four Will Support R. R.
Administration; Employes Coming Back; Send
Peace Committee to Assure Jobs.
Washington, Aug. 28.—Saturday morning has been set as the
time limit by which all striking railroad employes on the Pacific
coast must retuçn to work, both by the railroad administration
and the "big four" railroad brotherhoods. Loss of jobs is the
threat for defiance from the railroad administration; support of
the federal administration by the "big four," the warning from
the brotherhood chiefs at Cleveland.
Director General Hines tonight served notice on "public officers,
railroad officers and employes and citizens generally in California,
Arizona and Nevada" that the railroad administration would
undertake to restore full railroad service in those states on and
after 7 o'clock next Saturday morning, and that all striking em
ployes who do not. return to work by that time will find their
places filled.
Anyone who tampers with or impedes the use of railroad prop
i for" having committed an offense against
1 the United States.
; Governors Also Notified.
of. This action, coming after the announce
m ent by the four brotherhood chiefs that
the brotherhoods would assist th? rail
! road administration in operating the
, hues jf the illegal strike was not term
erty. Mr. Hines said, will be dealt with'
;
;
;
inated, is the most drastic ever taken
by the government in a labor controversy,
.Mr. Hines. in addition, sent telegrams
tit the governors of California, Nevada,
Arizona and to the mayors of principal
ties in those states asking co-operation
| j n maintaining traffic and in preventing
| interference with tbe movement of trains.
j
RWKS
OF RAILROAD STRIKERS
I.OS Angeles. Aug. 28.—The first
j break in the ranks of the striking train
j men here came, late today, when about
: a dozen engineers and conductors re
I ported for duty at the Atchison, Topeka
; and Santa Fe depot. Santa Fe officials
: said they had a train made up ready to
havin
and lacked only ..ne brakeman of
r a full crew for it.
Representatives of the engineers, con
ductors and trainmen were in conference
here with t.lie genera! officers of the;
Southern Pacific, Santa Fe and Salt
Lake railroads when the statement of!
Director General Hines, issued late to-j
night, was transmitted to them.
The railroad representatives said that
the conference had been requested by
: the brotherhood men and gladly granted;
ty in th
i that the brotherhoods had asked whether
f
r. that they [
their members could return without loss
! of seniority or other rights, and had
I been assured that they could; and that
they had then stated they did not know
, whether they could bring the men to
: return at present, but would report to
the general membership.
Men Meet on Ultimatum.
Shortly after the first editions o
: afternoon papers appeared on th
streets here, this morning, displaying
j prominently Associated Press dispatches
from Washington and Cleveland about
bringing au end to the railroad strike,
a general meeting of all strikers was
called at a downtown hail.
Strikers from the three trans-conti
nental steam roads, the Pacific Electric
company and the Los Angeles Street
Railway company, gathered at a large
! hall. Hundreds more stood in the
streets, unable to wedge themselves in
to the room.
Newspapermen were not admitted,
and word came out that a feeling of
resentment, against the orders to re
turn to work which came last night, and
against the announced attitude of the
! brotherhood heads, as reported today,
was apparent in the debate and
speeches in the hall.
General Manager ,T. If. Dyer of the
Southern Pacific Railroad company, an
: nounced at S o'clock this morning that
his road had called .'ÎÔÔ strikers for du
tisufii manner since midnight,
and that not a man had responded.
No Trains Moving.
No indications of what action the
men will take was given in meetings
held last night. They have declared
since they went out. howeve
"will not rot urn until every man
(Continued on Page Two.)
who
FRENCH DEPUTIES RAP TREATY
AND WILSON'S PART IN PACT
j
Paris, Aug. 2.V—The debate on the
ratification <>t the peace treaty was
continued in the chamber of deputies
this afternoon, lour speakers were!
heard, although more than an hour was
consumed in elect ing Raoul Peret vice
president of the chamber in place of M
Abel, recently appointed governor of
Algeria.
Ten speakers have been heard since
the opening of the chamber Tuesday.
All of them criticised the treaty. None
has yet spoken favorably. The" minis
ters sit silent throughout the sessions.
M. De Gailhard Bancel criticised
President \\ ilson for taking too pre
ponderant a part in the peace confer
ence.
M. Unmet,, Socialist, said that Presi
dent \Y iisoV-«rti : JfeBt the father of the
WILSON STARTS
]
i
I
!
First Speech of Presi
dent at Columbus, O.,
One in Idaho.
Aug.
leave
-S. — President
Washington next.
j
j t.- ,
,
i " uson will
Wednesday on his speech making tour
in the interest of the peace treaty, and
will deliver his first address in Colum
: ^us, O., next Thursday, probably in the
evening.
Cincinnati is not
included in the
i itinerary, but Secretary Tumulty an
nounced the president will speak at In
dianapolis. St. Louis. Kansas City and
Topeka.. in the order named. From the
latter city the presidential party will go
to Omaha thence to Sioux Falls, S. IV,
St. Paul or Minneapolis and Bismarck,
then will follow speeches ar Hillings and
Helena, Coeur d'Alene, Spokane—pos
sibly Seattle—Portland, San Francisco,
Los Angeles and San Diego.
Will Swing Into South.
Speeches may be made from the train
between these cities but it is known the
president is opposed to making open ait
addresses.
Returning from the Pacific coast the
belief is that stops will be made at
Rer.o, Salt I.ake t ity, Denver and Ok
lahoma City, thence south and eastward
probably to Louisville. It is not believ
ed that President Wilson will go far into
the southwestern and southern states,
however.
Accompanying the president will be
Mrs. Wilson. Admiral T. Grayson, Sec
retary Tumulty and a corps of secretar
and stenographers.
Archbishop Warns
Catholics Not to Aid
Lima Y.M.C.A. Project
Lima. Pern. A.ig. 28.—Monsignor
Emilio T.isson, archbishop of Lima, has
published a communication in all news
papers, warning Catholics not to par
ticipate in the movement recently inaug
urated in this city for the establish
ment of a branch of the Y. M. C. ,\ .
[ uader the penalty of "laying themselves
open to the suspicion of heresy and in
curring general ecclesiastical censure."*
;
;
:
j 1
'
t league of nations; that the socialist
; would have achieved u had uot war
; been declared.
M. Rameil, radical, arraigned Premier
Clemenceau for not forming a financial
j league of nations.
51. Cornudet, clerical, attacked
si«
Anglo-Persian treaty.
Premier Botha Dies
Suddenly in Pretoria
Pretoria. Union of South Africa, Aug.
General Louis Botha, premier and
minister of agriculture of the Union of
South Africa, died suddenly, today, fol
lowing au attack of influenza.

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