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MONTANA P RESS ASSOCIATION AT GREAT FALLS, SEPT. 4-5 - 6. COME AL L YE EDITORS!
GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE THIRTY-SECOND Y£AB GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 1919 THIRTY-TWO PAGES PRICE, FIVE CENTS. GERMAN ARMY READY TO ENTER RUSSIA AND PLAY GRAB GAME Pershing Deaf to Army Probers Now in France l,Z. F. BULKS MING IE General's Action Brand ed as Coitempt;^Power ; of Congjess to Compel Answer Dubious. Sub-Committee Desired Facts 01 Brutal Punish ment o Yanks Arrested in Fraice. Pan's, Air . SO.—General Pershing has refused to testify before the sub-com mittee of three, of the congressional committee on expenditures by the war department which has been conducting an investi/ation in France. The geieral's refusal led to the is suance of a joint statement, this after noon, by Representative Royal C. John eon and Cscar E. Bland, of the sub-com mittee. in which regret was expressed that there slioild be a conflict between the military aid civil authorities of the government. In a separite statement, in which Representative Johnson did not join, Mr. Bland declired that the general's ac tion was an eximple of the "indifference and contempt" shown during the entire war by the wir department toward the wishes of the people and their repre sentative*. Saa He Hasn't Records. General Pershing explained that all the aetivitis of the American expedi tionary for^s were open to investiga tion, but th^ be found it impossible to comoly with tie request of the committee as all his recods had been shipped to the United States The joint »itement read: "Sub-commit<>e No. 3, of the com mittee on expenditures in the war de partment, was cuested by members of the senate and bouse and members of the full com mi tee to have General I 'ershing testify jn a number of im portant matters vhich the committee came here to invçtigate, among which were the fixing of -esponsib.lity for the mistreatment of Anerican soldiers in prison in France, h ? opinion on court martial laws, regulatons with reference to the burial of Ametcan dead and cer tain military operation, particularly on November 10 and 11,'918. "An outline of the tarly orginization of the American expditionar» forces and of the expenditure ut exppLses and payment of claims was ,lso desiied. "We regarded it as innovant that the highest officers of the ^meric&n ex peditionary forces give ui the benefit of his intimate knowledge o' tiese affairs. Technically, the American ctngress may have no inquisitorial jursdetion over American citizens when cjtside the United States, but we knov n. precedent for the refusal of an Anprian citizen to recognize that jurisdictitn. The sub committee has already cradined the secretary of war and the 'hie' of staff concerning some of the maters referred to, but was told the inforrmtioi was iu France. "It is regrettable that th<re siould be oven the appearance of contict tetween the military and civil authoriy ai a time when the world should becime normal and be governed not by armes er ÎLdi viduals but by law." Bank Burglars Gét $40,000 to $50,0)0 in War Savings Samps Clarissa, Minn., Auj. 30. Burglars secured between $40.Ot) and $50,000 in war savings stamps md bor] s from the safety deposit vault if the ,'larissa Stae bank, last night, aftr ciittig tele phone wires, which prevnted unvs of the robbery from becomitj knovn out side of the town for many'ioura. ' The farmers State r.an ,f Carissa also was entered, but the hievesmade no attempt to open the sut of the j I in j the hall the had STINK BOMB GJARD PROTECTS TKATB AS IT BREAKS STRIKE Chicago, Aug. 30.—String acton were successfully defied onight b» George C. Tyler, manager f "On tin Hiring Line," and the maigement ofj the Blackstone theater, wh the play went on before a well-filled mse after ,, , . . ., ., a weeks delay due to the alkout of stage hands, musicians und 1 posters in sympathy with the actors The beauty squad of choriiçirl pick-, ets failed to appear outside v double-1 guarded playhouse. Severn striking stars were there, however, sel,, copie of a labor paper, with beades pro claiming the theater unfair to-ganized labor. They made no attem to do picket duty. Extraordinary piecautions Ij been made to give the performanc<vithuu: disturbandp. The play was lsented without music and one set of^enery FOUR KILLED IN RACE WAR RIOTS WHITE MOB STORMS PRISON FOR NEGRO; GUARDS MOW BLACKS ; Army Instructor anc ] Militia Private From Encamp ment Shot in Machine Gun Fire; Clash Aroused by Woman's Murder. Knox ville, Aug. 31.—After the storming of the Knox county jail Saturday night by a mob bent on reaching Maurice Mayes, a negro arrested early in the day in connection with the murder of Mrs. Bertie Lindsey, a race riot early this morning resulted in the killing of Lieutenant James W. Payne of Providence, Ky., a reg ular army instructor, and Private Henderson, as a machine gun company turned its fire upon a mob of negroes. Soldiers of the Fourth Tennessee na tional guard turned the machine gun on the negroes after a battle between whites and negroes in which two of the latter were killed. Four negroes fell under the machine gun fire. Firing was continuing at 1:30 and it was impossible to tell how many had been killed or wounded. Seven men, ail white, are in local hospitals, wounded, as the result of the trouble at the jail and subsequent rioting. The guardemen are said to have been killed by their own gun fire in mistake. All hardware stores and pawn shops have been looted to obtain arms. Earlier Battle at Jail. Despite assurances that the prisoner had been removed to Chattanooga and inspection of the jail b ythree separate committees of citizens, the mob earlier in the night stormed the Knox county jail in search of Mayes, who had been spirited to Chattanooga. In a series of fights between deputy sheriffs, police officers and militiamen and members of the mob in the jail cor ridors and outside the building, several men were wounded. Several national guardsmen were beaten. One man was i SPLIT IN SOCIALISTS; LID UPON DEBS BOOM DURING PARDON PLEA Revolutionary "Lefts" Accused of Trying to Pack National Gathering and Shut Out of Hall by Police; John Reed to Organize Barred Faction Who May Merge With New Communist Party. j I j I I j j I ; ; : Chicago, Aug. .10.—A candidate president will, not he named at national socialist convention, which opened today. Resolutions to that effect were adopted after J. I.ouis Engdahl, of Chicago, had proposed Eugene V. I >cbs, now serving a prison sentence for viola tion of the espionage law, for the nomi nation. Seymour Stedman, temporary chair man, declared that nomination would injure Debs' chances for a pardon. Ejection of John Reed, unrecognized bolshevik ambassador to the United States, and eighty-three other members of the left wing of the party by mem for the bers of the police anarchist guard duty at the convention, enlivened the credentials fight in the morning, and presaged a split that will result, either in the formation of a radical socialist party, or amalgamation with the com munist party to be organized here next week. Don't Know Which to loin. Delegates of the so-called left wing of the party were forcibly put out of the hall by policemen because Secretary Germer siiid they were trying to pack the convention by seating delegates who had no credentials. A fist fight between two delegates squad ont acts. was used throughout the three Four stalwart negroes operated the curtain. The actors were ordered to report at the theater at 0 p. m. Four teen private detectives armed with stink bomb neutralizers guarded the interior the house. A force of 50 policemen was on duty outsida. The theater obtains its light from the (electric plant of a nearby hotel, and had the union engineer been called out. ar rangements had been made to instanth connect the hotel with the feed wires of the Commonwealth Edison company. Had these wires been cut. the house would have been lighted with a dozen large search lights, located in the gal lery and furnished with current from a score of large storage batteries. As a further precaution every sus picious looking patron was searched ai the door before being admitted. carried away by friends unconscious and suffering from what appeared to be a serious wound on the head. Most of the window glass in the jail was shot out; one front window and the main door were battered in, and all oth j er exposed windows broken during the* disorder. Early in the evening, it became ap parent, that the deputies and policemen on duty at the jail would be unable to cope with the situation and a call was sent for troops from the Fourth Ten nessee National Guard, which is holding its encampment here. Two squads rushed to the jail in a motor truck. The disorder reached its height with their arrival, and missiles of all kinds were hurled, while fist fights were nu- | merous and promiscuous shooting out side the jail began. The guardsmen were soon strengthened by the arrival o p a full company, and it became possible then to clear the jail corridors and the yard. Mrs. Lindsey was shot to death in her home as she was preparing to leap from j a window. Her niece, who was sleeping with her, was threatened by the negro, ; I j threatened for a time to become a free for-all affair, but the police were able to stop it before more left wing dele ; gates could take part. Immediately after their expulsion ! from the convention hall left wing sup I porters, led by John Reed, of New York, held a meeting t» decide on a course of action. Reporters were not allowed in this meeting or in the main convention, where the process of seating delegates went on. "We are revolutionary socialists and we don't want to talk to any reporters or members of the capitalistic press," Reed declared before he closed the doors of the left vvinir caucus. The communist party, it was explain ed, also has a left and right wing and (Continued 011 Page Two.) in out under offer made Can Have Arbitration Recognizing Any Association, Heretofore Denied. Contract New York, Aug. 30.—Settlement of the actors' strike within ten days, on terms which appeared on their face to be a victory for the Actors* Equity as sociation. was predicted, tonight, by George M. Cohan, Mr. Cohan announced the producing managers' protective association had of fered a contract with an arbitration clause, providing that, in cases of dis pute, the actors "may be represented be fore the board by any association." The chief point of contention in the strike had been refusal of the managers to recognize the Actors' Equity In addition to acquiescence in arbitra tion at which actors might lie represent ed "by any association," the contract is said to include among its provisions vir tually .every demand the strikers have made, ^ I a I Will Have Half World in Rebellion, Says Frank P. Walsh. IMMUEMTS a j | P er government. Washington, Aug. 30.—Impassioned protests against the league of nations and demands for the rejection of the peace treaty were presented on behalf of American Irishmen, today, at a hear ing before the senate foreign relations committee. In a series of dramatic appeals which repeatedly drew cheers from the crowd jamming the committee room, the spokesmen declared the covenant sought to pronounce a death sentence on the aspirations of the Irish people and to fasten forever upon Ireland what they characterized a yoke of British op pression. though the creating of a su Among the speakers, who said they voiced the sentiments of more than L'0,000,000 of America; .-*f T^ish nri gjp, were Frank P Va.- .. of Kansas City; .Michael J. Ryan, of Philadelphia; )and Edward F. Dunne, former govern . . „ ®r ot Illinois, members of the American j commission which sought to get a hear j n K tor Ireland at \ ersailles. An open ; j"* statement was made by Daniel F. I Cobalan, justice of the New York su I preme court, and the legal aspect of th e covenant as they affect Ireland were summed up by Bourko Cockran, j also of New York. 1 Greeks Also Protest. j Representatives of various Greek so j cieties also appeared before the commit I tee and made a statement of the claims j j of the Greek people regarding the peace I settlement. •«o OU, « n f I, I r je S ion T °- f l th * P T° trp \ ty I was asked by the Irish speakers, who 1 j charged that: under the covenant Great j j Britain would receive a guarantee that : I no outside nation ever would help Ire- j ; s» i as, they also declared, would be made ; so complete by the treaty as to be a direct menace to the I nited States. Sees Enormous Wilson Mistake. ! Mr. Walsh, chairman of the American j : commission of Irish independence, tie- ' 'dared the league would put more than ! half the world in rebellion. He said be I stand up and "keep him from the great mistake he is about to make." Mr. Walsh offered to give the com- ! mittee "in executive session" reports of j the interview between members of the Irish-American delegation sent to Paris and President Wilson and other Ameri can peace delegates. The committee voted to receive the records and print them for public circulation. Says "Tiger" Choked 'Em Off. Describing his experience at Paris, where his commission was refused a hearing at the peace conference, Mr. Waish lead the names of a long list of delegates from small nations who called on the Irish-Americans to ask "why the 14 points were being disregarded." The witness said lie understood that the peace conference "drew lines on the map by mistake," in several cases and got (Continued on rage Two.) - ilways hud been a democrat "and al most a pacifist," but that the best friend I President Wilson has is the man who will I I acquires 2 butte Strongest Amusement Co-Part nership West of Mississippi Announced at Tacoma. ! j ! j j j j I ; I i Tacoma, Aug. 30.—What is said to be the largest motion picture deal consum mated on the Pacific coast and declared to create the strongest amusement co partnership west of the Mississippi river was announced here, today, by J. G. von Helberg and C. S. Jensen, of Seattle, and H. T. Moore aud John S. Baker, of Tacoma. The announcement gives out the pur chase of four theaters in Tacoma; four in Seattle: seven in Portland, Oregon; one in Medford, Oregon; aud two in Bitte Montana. In addition to these 18 houses, all in active operation, the four men announc ed that plans are being drawn for thea tres in Everett, Bremerton, and Yakima, Washington« APPOINTED COUNSEL FOR U. S. RAILWAYS Pi Marvin Underwood. F. Marvin I'nderwood has been pointed general counsel for the I' railroad administration by Ceneral Hines. Underwood, who sue ceeds John Barton Payne, was for merly assistant attorney general. Payne become chairman shipping board. the ho re suc to Shooting Former Senator in 1 908. JV/tJ l\/ï*_ O i iVlUrCler iVlysterV oeGUel 1 j Nashville, Aug. 30.—Robin .T. Coop ^ r . a Nashville attorney, whose trial 1 f .. ,.... . T , ' . j killing of iormer Lmted States, : Senator Edward W. Carmaek during the! j celebrated pistol duel between his fa-! '.'"'T.s."' »• c "" f " —vi m attracted country-wide! attention, has been murdered here un- I der mysterious circumstances. ! Cooper's body was taken from Rich-! j land creek, today, soon after his blood- j ' stained automobile had been found on ■ ! a bridge near his home in the fashion-j I able Belle Meade park section. The skull Had Just Drawn $10.000. ! The coroner's inquest, late today, de j "reloped no clues to the murderer nmrderess. but the police are proceed ing on the theory that Cooper was lured from his home by persons deter mined to rob him. This theory is based - . - - » had been crushed, but there were evi- I I duces that a violent struggle had taken I place before the fatal blow was struck. ! upon evidence that Cooper drew $10,0001 from a bank a short tim-e before he dis I appeared, Thursday night. j The authorities assume that the young I lawyer was lured from his home to th secluded bridge over the creek and there killed. The condition of his clothing in dicated he had been dragged some dis tance before he was thrown into the water. Physicians said the small amount of water found in the lungs was evidence that Cooper was dead when dropped into the creek. Pocketbook Found Empty. j Mrs. Cooper, who is a daughter of ! Milton II. Smith, president of the Louis j ville and Nashville railroad, has been ! visiting relatives in Louisville, and her j absence accounts for the fact that the j disappearance of her husband did not j become known until today. j There was no evidence that the Cooper I home had been robbed after the murder, ; and some doubt has been expressed that I the murderers could have expected that i the lawyer would have any great sum on his person. His empty pocketbook was found in tile bottom of the auto mobile. Governor Roberts has offered a re ward of $000 for the arrest, and convic tion of the murderers of the lawyer. This later was supplemented by offer of a similar amount by the family. j j j j j I I j i STRIKE CLOSES PEORIA PLANTS; CAUSES ICE AND MILK FAMINE; POLICE FOLLOW UP PARADERS Peoria, 111., Aug. 30.—The general strike called as a protest against a manufacturers' "blacklist" ended its second day, today, with nearly all the large factories of the city shut down, but with the teamsters and ice handlers the only local unions joining as crafts in the demonstration. Street, car service was resumed iR- j barn» made » througjiput the city, this morning. Patrolmen guarding FORCE OF to,000 OSTENSIBLY FOR AIDING KOLCHAK Concentrated in Lithuania and Includes 3000 Prisoners; Free Talk of Ultimate Tri-partite Understanding With Japan; Evade Authority of Marshal Foch by Pretended Omsk Loyalty. Paris, Aug. 30.—(By The Associated Press.)—A modernlv equipped German army of 40,000 men has assembled in Lithuania and is preparing to march into Russia under the pretense of endeavoring to reach and help Admiral Kolchak, according to Lithuanian sources here. Word to this effect was brought to Paris by Chief Engineer Stiebiko, of the Lithuanian railway system, who declared the Germans talked freely of a coming understanding between Ger many, Russia and Japan. In describing the situation to the correspondent, M. Stiebiko said that the large German forces which had reoccupied Lithu anian territory, from which they have been several times ordered away by both the Lithuanian government and Marshal Foch, were entrenching themselves preparing for a march through Russia. They call themselves "Kolchakis." The Germans have partly evacuated the region, but since Aug. 1, according to M. Stiebiko, they have been concentrating troops anew in western Lithuania with their base at Shavli, where they ? ,so have established a general staff. They are under the ostens ible leadership of the Russian general, Bergmann, but their real commander, M. Stiebiko declares, is the German general von der Goltz. They control the railway lines in all the occupied territorv. They number 37,000 Germans and 3,000 Russians, all wearing German uniforms. The Germans serving in this army call themselves volunteers, according to the engineer, and claim allegiance to the all-Russian government, thus pretending to be exempt from orders issued by Marshal Fach or the inter-allied council. Numerous Russian j prisoners, he declared, were being sent from Germany to join the army at Shavli, while in the way of equipment for the army the Germans had brought 380 airplanes, 100 automobiles and one armored train into the territorv. i 1 I j ■ ON SPRUCE ROAO Line Justified by Need; and Rich Country, Says Minority Report. oratio member of the congressional sub committee investigating airplane spruce production during the war, took issue with the majority report made Thurs day by republican members of the com mittee, defended the actions of the spruce corporation in connection with the i.ake Pleasant railroad and saw ., Rutland Ore., Aug. 30.—In a minor-j I !, - v report telegraphed from here, today, ;Secretary of War Newton I). Baker, ! Representative Clarence E. Lea, demo the nronrietv of selecting the Crescent the propriety ot selecting tue ^.rescent ; route for the Pleasant Lake railroad. , Biased Witnesses Heard. Referring to the selection of the route for the Lake Pleasant road the report continued: ,, . •The testimony show* that General Pisue assumed responsibility for this t selection and that he did so after con- j suiting with various mills in the state of Washington and declared that he believed criticism of j John 1>. Ryan, former assistant seere I ta '.;V war. ■ was rl0 T. justified. see no reason," Representative Lea declared, "to question either the good judgment or the good motives of the good motives of the men acting for the men acting for the corporation in the salvaging of these properties. In my judgment, my colleagues have acted prematurely in passing judgment upon that Ceneral i for this j lid so after con- j parties and after | having the route investigated by Mr. i j Roberts as a disinterested engineer, con- | j necfed with the I'nion Pacific railroad. "The witnesses criticising this route, j have in almost, if not in every case, had j financial interests, more or less adverse j to the activities of the Spruce Produ I tion corporation and two or more of the I severest critics of this railroad have been j witnesses who had no personal informa i tion of the operations they decried, aud (Continued on Tage Two.) jpntînï 15 arrests, today, when strike pickets refused to disperse. This afternoon 12500 workmen marched through the resi district. Police accompanied the marchers. The walkout of teamsters and ie« handlers has caused a serious ice and milk shortage. Ice distributors are re fusing to deliver ice and only applicants who own vehicles. Hospitals and res j taurants are sufefring with the mass of » residents. <j » BÏ STEEli TRUST: Wilson Takes No Action, I but Gompers Hopes; ! O.K. on 2 Walkouts. Washington, Aug. 30.—Efforts to or j ganize the workers in the steel industry still are being made with the hope that an amicable adjustment of their demands "may be reached before any outbreak or cessation of work shall be inaugurated." Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, said, to day, in a statement summarizing the work of the federation's executive coun cil. The council has been in session three days, considering the general labor situa tion over the country, but r. Gompers did not deal with the situation as a whole. Nor did he indicate upon what was based the hope that the controversy between the steel men and the United States Steel corporation would be adjusted without resort to a strike. President Wilson was asked Eridav to intervene, but as he has made no move, some officials believed he had decliB , ed to tak '- a hand. Meantime the ; tim<l limit sct for Chairman Garv of the , $tecl corporatioa to nnswer th ;, request for a conference has expired 'without an answer being received. Two Strjkes , ndorsed T , . . ^ Indorsement of two strikes—those of th ritrilrmaUers aud actors _ bv the fed * t era ti 0 n"s ' - j n(imi( , 0( j i j j | i | the full executive council was an . The cigarmakers were pledged "moral and financial support" of the federation, which promised also to appeal to all labor and friends of labor to come to their financial aud moral as sistance. As to the railroad brotherhood's plan for tripartite control of the railroad«, generally known as the Plumb plan. Mr. Gompers said the council had consider ed this of such importance to labor, the people and the country that no acton would be taken until a special commit tee had gathered and presented all the facts. Regarding the Amsterdam conference of international trade unions which he attended as an American delegate. Mr. Gompers said it had voted overwhelming against any bolsheviki principles or ten dencies. The report of the American delegates he said, showed that the wave of bolshevism had receded. No reference was made by Mr. (<om pers to the president's decision not to grant general wage increase to rauroas employes nt this time. 3 000 FORM IN LINE AND BUY 10,000 POUNDS OF SUGAR Minneapolis, Aug. 30.—A 10,000 pound stock of sugar held by a candy store was disposed of in one hour, this evening, to more than 3,000 persons, Who formed lines several blocks long. M&sor Meyers' committee on food prices requested the sale.