MONTANA P RESS ASSOCIATION AT GREAT FALLS, SEPT. 4-5 - 6. COME AL L YE EDITORS!
GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 31, 1919 THIRTY-TWO PAGES PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
GERMAN ARMY READY TO ENTER RUSSIA AND PLAY GRAB GAME
Pershing Deaf to Army Probers Now in France
General's Action Brand
ed as Coitempt;^Power ;
of Congjess to Compel
Facts 01 Brutal Punish
ment o Yanks Arrested
Pan's, Air . SO.—General Pershing has
refused to testify before the sub-com
mittee of three, of the congressional
committee on expenditures by the war
department which has been conducting
an investi/ation in France.
The geieral's refusal led to the is
suance of a joint statement, this after
noon, by Representative Royal C. John
eon and Cscar E. Bland, of the sub-com
mittee. in which regret was expressed
that there slioild be a conflict between
the military aid civil authorities of the
In a separite statement, in which
Representative Johnson did not join,
Mr. Bland declired that the general's ac
tion was an eximple of the "indifference
and contempt" shown during the entire
war by the wir department toward the
wishes of the people and their repre
Saa He Hasn't Records.
General Pershing explained that all
the aetivitis of the American expedi
tionary for^s were open to investiga
tion, but th^ be found it impossible to
comoly with tie request of the committee
as all his recods had been shipped to the
The joint »itement read:
"Sub-commit<>e No. 3, of the com
mittee on expenditures in the war de
partment, was cuested by members of
the senate and bouse and members of
the full com mi tee to have General
I 'ershing testify jn a number of im
portant matters vhich the committee
came here to invçtigate, among which
were the fixing of -esponsib.lity for the
mistreatment of Anerican soldiers in
prison in France, h ? opinion on court
martial laws, regulatons with reference
to the burial of Ametcan dead and cer
tain military operation, particularly on
November 10 and 11,'918.
"An outline of the tarly orginization
of the American expditionar» forces
and of the expenditure ut exppLses and
payment of claims was ,lso desiied.
"We regarded it as innovant that the
highest officers of the ^meric&n ex
peditionary forces give ui the benefit of
his intimate knowledge o' tiese affairs.
Technically, the American ctngress may
have no inquisitorial jursdetion over
American citizens when cjtside the
United States, but we knov n. precedent
for the refusal of an Anprian citizen
to recognize that jurisdictitn. The sub
committee has already cradined the
secretary of war and the 'hie' of staff
concerning some of the maters referred
to, but was told the inforrmtioi was iu
"It is regrettable that th<re siould be
oven the appearance of contict tetween
the military and civil authoriy ai a time
when the world should becime normal
and be governed not by armes er ÎLdi
viduals but by law."
Bank Burglars Gét
$40,000 to $50,0)0 in
War Savings Samps
Clarissa, Minn., Auj. 30. Burglars
secured between $40.Ot) and $50,000
in war savings stamps md bor] s from
the safety deposit vault if the ,'larissa
Stae bank, last night, aftr ciittig tele
phone wires, which prevnted unvs of
the robbery from becomitj knovn out
side of the town for many'ioura. '
The farmers State r.an ,f Carissa
also was entered, but the hievesmade
no attempt to open the sut
STINK BOMB GJARD PROTECTS
TKATB AS IT BREAKS STRIKE
Chicago, Aug. 30.—String acton
were successfully defied onight b»
George C. Tyler, manager f "On tin
Hiring Line," and the maigement ofj
the Blackstone theater, wh the play
went on before a well-filled mse after
,, , . . ., .,
a weeks delay due to the alkout of
stage hands, musicians und 1 posters
in sympathy with the actors
The beauty squad of choriiçirl pick-,
ets failed to appear outside v double-1
guarded playhouse. Severn striking
stars were there, however, sel,, copie
of a labor paper, with beades pro
claiming the theater unfair to-ganized
labor. They made no attem to do
Extraordinary piecautions Ij been
made to give the performanc<vithuu:
disturbandp. The play was lsented
without music and one set of^enery
FOUR KILLED IN RACE WAR RIOTS
WHITE MOB STORMS
PRISON FOR NEGRO;
GUARDS MOW BLACKS
; Army Instructor anc ] Militia Private From Encamp
ment Shot in Machine Gun Fire; Clash
Aroused by Woman's Murder.
Knox ville, Aug. 31.—After the storming of the Knox county
jail Saturday night by a mob bent on reaching Maurice Mayes, a
negro arrested early in the day in connection with the murder of
Mrs. Bertie Lindsey, a race riot early this morning resulted in the
killing of Lieutenant James W. Payne of Providence, Ky., a reg
ular army instructor, and Private Henderson, as a machine gun
company turned its fire upon a mob of negroes.
Soldiers of the Fourth Tennessee na
tional guard turned the machine gun
on the negroes after a battle between
whites and negroes in which two of the
latter were killed. Four negroes fell
under the machine gun fire.
Firing was continuing at 1:30 and it
was impossible to tell how many had
been killed or wounded. Seven men, ail
white, are in local hospitals, wounded,
as the result of the trouble at the jail
and subsequent rioting.
The guardemen are said to have been
killed by their own gun fire in mistake.
All hardware stores and pawn shops
have been looted to obtain arms.
Earlier Battle at Jail.
Despite assurances that the prisoner
had been removed to Chattanooga and
inspection of the jail b ythree separate
committees of citizens, the mob earlier
in the night stormed the Knox county
jail in search of Mayes, who had been
spirited to Chattanooga.
In a series of fights between deputy
sheriffs, police officers and militiamen
and members of the mob in the jail cor
ridors and outside the building, several
men were wounded. Several national
guardsmen were beaten. One man was i
SPLIT IN SOCIALISTS;
LID UPON DEBS BOOM
DURING PARDON PLEA
Revolutionary "Lefts" Accused of Trying to Pack
National Gathering and Shut Out of Hall by
Police; John Reed to Organize Barred Faction
Who May Merge With New Communist Party.
Chicago, Aug. .10.—A candidate
president will, not he named at
national socialist convention, which
opened today. Resolutions to that effect
were adopted after J. I.ouis Engdahl, of
Chicago, had proposed Eugene V. I >cbs,
now serving a prison sentence for viola
tion of the espionage law, for the nomi
Seymour Stedman, temporary chair
man, declared that nomination would
injure Debs' chances for a pardon.
Ejection of John Reed, unrecognized
bolshevik ambassador to the United
States, and eighty-three other members
of the left wing of the party by mem
bers of the police anarchist
guard duty at the convention, enlivened
the credentials fight in the morning, and
presaged a split that will result, either
in the formation of a radical socialist
party, or amalgamation with the com
munist party to be organized here next
Don't Know Which to loin.
Delegates of the so-called left wing of
the party were forcibly put out of the
hall by policemen because Secretary
Germer siiid they were trying to pack
the convention by seating delegates who
had no credentials.
A fist fight between two delegates
was used throughout the three
Four stalwart negroes operated the
curtain. The actors were ordered to
report at the theater at 0 p. m. Four
teen private detectives armed with stink
bomb neutralizers guarded the interior
the house. A force of 50 policemen
was on duty outsida.
The theater obtains its light from the
(electric plant of a nearby hotel, and had
the union engineer been called out. ar
rangements had been made to instanth
connect the hotel with the feed wires
of the Commonwealth Edison company.
Had these wires been cut. the house
would have been lighted with a dozen
large search lights, located in the gal
lery and furnished with current from a
score of large storage batteries.
As a further precaution every sus
picious looking patron was searched ai
the door before being admitted.
carried away by friends unconscious and
suffering from what appeared to be a
serious wound on the head.
Most of the window glass in the jail
was shot out; one front window and the
main door were battered in, and all oth j
er exposed windows broken during the*
Early in the evening, it became ap
parent, that the deputies and policemen
on duty at the jail would be unable to
cope with the situation and a call was
sent for troops from the Fourth Ten
nessee National Guard, which is holding
its encampment here. Two squads rushed
to the jail in a motor truck.
The disorder reached its height with
their arrival, and missiles of all kinds
were hurled, while fist fights were nu- |
merous and promiscuous shooting out
side the jail began. The guardsmen were
soon strengthened by the arrival o p a
full company, and it became possible
then to clear the jail corridors and the
Mrs. Lindsey was shot to death in her
home as she was preparing to leap from j
a window. Her niece, who was sleeping
with her, was threatened by the negro, ;
j threatened for a time to become a free
for-all affair, but the police were able
to stop it before more left wing dele
; gates could take part.
Immediately after their expulsion
! from the convention hall left wing sup
I porters, led by John Reed, of New York,
held a meeting t» decide on a course of
action. Reporters were not allowed in
this meeting or in the main convention,
where the process of seating delegates
"We are revolutionary socialists and
we don't want to talk to any reporters
or members of the capitalistic press,"
Reed declared before he closed the doors
of the left vvinir caucus.
The communist party, it was explain
ed, also has a left and right wing and
(Continued 011 Page Two.)
under offer made
Can Have Arbitration
Recognizing Any Association,
New York, Aug. 30.—Settlement of
the actors' strike within ten days, on
terms which appeared on their face to
be a victory for the Actors* Equity as
sociation. was predicted, tonight, by
George M. Cohan,
Mr. Cohan announced the producing
managers' protective association had of
fered a contract with an arbitration
clause, providing that, in cases of dis
pute, the actors "may be represented be
fore the board by any association."
The chief point of contention in the
strike had been refusal of the managers
to recognize the Actors' Equity
In addition to acquiescence in arbitra
tion at which actors might lie represent
ed "by any association," the contract is
said to include among its provisions vir
tually .every demand the strikers have
Will Have Half World
in Rebellion, Says
Frank P. Walsh.
| P er government.
Washington, Aug. 30.—Impassioned
protests against the league of nations
and demands for the rejection of the
peace treaty were presented on behalf
of American Irishmen, today, at a hear
ing before the senate foreign relations
In a series of dramatic appeals which
repeatedly drew cheers from the crowd
jamming the committee room, the
spokesmen declared the covenant
sought to pronounce a death sentence on
the aspirations of the Irish people and
to fasten forever upon Ireland what
they characterized a yoke of British op
pression. though the creating of a su
Among the speakers, who said they
voiced the sentiments of more than
L'0,000,000 of America; .-*f T^ish nri
gjp, were Frank P Va.- .. of Kansas
City; .Michael J. Ryan, of Philadelphia;
)and Edward F. Dunne, former govern
. . „
®r ot Illinois, members of the American
j commission which sought to get a hear
j n K tor Ireland at \ ersailles. An open
; j"* statement was made by Daniel F.
I Cobalan, justice of the New York su
I preme court, and the legal aspect of
th e covenant as they affect Ireland
were summed up by Bourko Cockran,
j also of New York. 1
Greeks Also Protest.
j Representatives of various Greek so
j cieties also appeared before the commit
I tee and made a statement of the claims j
j of the Greek people regarding the peace
•«o OU, « n f I, I r je S ion T °- f l th * P T° trp \ ty
I was asked by the Irish speakers, who 1
j charged that: under the covenant Great j
j Britain would receive a guarantee that :
I no outside nation ever would help Ire- j
; s» i as, they also declared, would be made
; so complete by the treaty as to be a
direct menace to the I nited States.
Sees Enormous Wilson Mistake. !
Mr. Walsh, chairman of the American j
: commission of Irish independence, tie- '
'dared the league would put more than !
half the world in rebellion. He said be I
stand up and "keep him from the great
mistake he is about to make."
Mr. Walsh offered to give the com- !
mittee "in executive session" reports of j
the interview between members of the
Irish-American delegation sent to Paris
and President Wilson and other Ameri
can peace delegates. The committee
voted to receive the records and print
them for public circulation.
Says "Tiger" Choked 'Em Off.
Describing his experience at Paris,
where his commission was refused a
hearing at the peace conference, Mr.
Waish lead the names of a long list of
delegates from small nations who called
on the Irish-Americans to ask "why the
14 points were being disregarded." The
witness said lie understood that the
peace conference "drew lines on the map
by mistake," in several cases and got
(Continued on rage Two.)
ilways hud been a democrat "and al
most a pacifist," but that the best friend I
President Wilson has is the man who will I
acquires 2 butte
Strongest Amusement Co-Part
nership West of Mississippi
Announced at Tacoma.
Tacoma, Aug. 30.—What is said to be
the largest motion picture deal consum
mated on the Pacific coast and declared
to create the strongest amusement co
partnership west of the Mississippi river
was announced here, today, by J. G. von
Helberg and C. S. Jensen, of Seattle,
and H. T. Moore aud John S. Baker, of
The announcement gives out the pur
chase of four theaters in Tacoma; four
in Seattle: seven in Portland, Oregon;
one in Medford, Oregon; aud two in
In addition to these 18 houses, all in
active operation, the four men announc
ed that plans are being drawn for thea
tres in Everett, Bremerton, and Yakima,
FOR U. S. RAILWAYS
F. Marvin I'nderwood has been
pointed general counsel for the I'
railroad administration by
Ceneral Hines. Underwood, who sue
ceeds John Barton Payne, was for
merly assistant attorney general.
Payne become chairman
ho re suc
to Shooting Former
Senator in 1 908.
JV/tJ l\/ï*_ O i
iVlUrCler iVlysterV oeGUel
Nashville, Aug. 30.—Robin .T. Coop
^ r . a Nashville attorney, whose trial
1 f .. ,.... . T , ' .
j killing of iormer Lmted States,
: Senator Edward W. Carmaek during the!
j celebrated pistol duel between his fa-!
'.'"'T.s."' »• c "" f " —vi
m attracted country-wide!
attention, has been murdered here un- I
der mysterious circumstances.
! Cooper's body was taken from Rich-!
j land creek, today, soon after his blood- j
' stained automobile had been found on ■
! a bridge near his home in the fashion-j
I able Belle Meade park section. The skull
Had Just Drawn $10.000.
! The coroner's inquest, late today, de
j "reloped no clues to the murderer
nmrderess. but the police are proceed
ing on the theory that Cooper was
lured from his home by persons deter
mined to rob him. This theory is based
- . - - »
had been crushed, but there were evi- I
I duces that a violent struggle had taken
I place before the fatal blow was struck. !
upon evidence that Cooper drew $10,0001
from a bank a short tim-e before he dis
I appeared, Thursday night. j
The authorities assume that the young I
lawyer was lured from his home to th
secluded bridge over the creek and there
killed. The condition of his clothing in
dicated he had been dragged some dis
tance before he was thrown into the
water. Physicians said the small amount
of water found in the lungs was evidence
that Cooper was dead when dropped into
Pocketbook Found Empty.
j Mrs. Cooper, who is a daughter of
! Milton II. Smith, president of the Louis
j ville and Nashville railroad, has been
! visiting relatives in Louisville, and her
j absence accounts for the fact that the
j disappearance of her husband did not
j become known until today.
j There was no evidence that the Cooper
I home had been robbed after the murder,
; and some doubt has been expressed that
I the murderers could have expected that
i the lawyer would have any great sum
on his person. His empty pocketbook
was found in tile bottom of the auto
Governor Roberts has offered a re
ward of $000 for the arrest, and convic
tion of the murderers of the lawyer.
This later was supplemented by offer
of a similar amount by the family.
STRIKE CLOSES PEORIA PLANTS;
CAUSES ICE AND MILK FAMINE;
POLICE FOLLOW UP PARADERS
Peoria, 111., Aug. 30.—The general
strike called as a protest against a
manufacturers' "blacklist" ended its
second day, today, with nearly all the
large factories of the city shut down,
but with the teamsters and ice handlers
the only local unions joining as crafts
in the demonstration.
Street, car service was resumed
barn» made »
througjiput the city, this morning.
FORCE OF to,000
Concentrated in Lithuania and Includes 3000
Prisoners; Free Talk of Ultimate Tri-partite
Understanding With Japan; Evade Authority
of Marshal Foch by Pretended Omsk Loyalty.
Paris, Aug. 30.—(By The Associated Press.)—A modernlv
equipped German army of 40,000 men has assembled in Lithuania
and is preparing to march into Russia under the pretense of
endeavoring to reach and help Admiral Kolchak, according to
Lithuanian sources here.
Word to this effect was brought to Paris by Chief Engineer
Stiebiko, of the Lithuanian railway system, who declared the
Germans talked freely of a coming understanding between Ger
many, Russia and Japan.
In describing the situation to the correspondent, M. Stiebiko
said that the large German forces which had reoccupied Lithu
anian territory, from which they have been several times ordered
away by both the Lithuanian government and Marshal Foch, were
entrenching themselves preparing for a march through Russia.
They call themselves "Kolchakis."
The Germans have partly evacuated the region, but since Aug.
1, according to M. Stiebiko, they have been concentrating troops
anew in western Lithuania with their base at Shavli, where they
? ,so have established a general staff. They are under the ostens
ible leadership of the Russian general, Bergmann, but their real
commander, M. Stiebiko declares, is the German general von der
Goltz. They control the railway lines in all the occupied territorv.
They number 37,000 Germans and 3,000 Russians, all wearing
The Germans serving in this army call themselves volunteers,
according to the engineer, and claim allegiance to the all-Russian
government, thus pretending to be exempt from orders issued by
Marshal Fach or the inter-allied council. Numerous Russian
j prisoners, he declared, were being sent from Germany to join the
army at Shavli, while in the way of equipment for the army the
Germans had brought 380 airplanes, 100 automobiles and one
armored train into the territorv.
ON SPRUCE ROAO
Line Justified by Need;
and Rich Country, Says
oratio member of the congressional sub
committee investigating airplane spruce
production during the war, took issue
with the majority report made Thurs
day by republican members of the com
mittee, defended the actions of the
spruce corporation in connection with
the i.ake Pleasant railroad and saw
., Rutland Ore., Aug. 30.—In a minor-j
I !, - v report telegraphed from here, today,
;Secretary of War Newton I). Baker,
! Representative Clarence E. Lea, demo
the nronrietv of selecting the Crescent
the propriety ot selecting tue ^.rescent ;
route for the Pleasant Lake railroad. ,
Biased Witnesses Heard.
Referring to the selection of the
route for the Lake Pleasant road the
•The testimony show* that General
Pisue assumed responsibility for this t
selection and that he did so after con- j
suiting with various
mills in the state of Washington and
declared that he believed criticism of
j John 1>. Ryan, former assistant seere
I ta '.;V war. ■ was rl0 T. justified.
see no reason," Representative
Lea declared, "to question either the
good judgment or the good motives of
the good motives of the men acting for
the men acting for the corporation in
the salvaging of these properties. In
my judgment, my colleagues have acted
prematurely in passing judgment upon
that Ceneral i
for this j
lid so after con- j
parties and after |
having the route investigated by Mr. i
j Roberts as a disinterested engineer, con- |
j necfed with the I'nion Pacific railroad.
"The witnesses criticising this route,
j have in almost, if not in every case, had
j financial interests, more or less adverse
j to the activities of the Spruce Produ
I tion corporation and two or more of the
I severest critics of this railroad have been
j witnesses who had no personal informa
i tion of the operations they decried, aud
(Continued on Tage Two.)
15 arrests, today, when strike pickets
refused to disperse. This afternoon 12500
workmen marched through the resi
district. Police accompanied the
The walkout of teamsters and ie«
handlers has caused a serious ice and
milk shortage. Ice distributors are re
fusing to deliver ice and only applicants
who own vehicles. Hospitals and res
j taurants are sufefring with the mass of
» residents. <j »
BÏ STEEli TRUST:
Wilson Takes No Action,
I but Gompers Hopes;
! O.K. on 2 Walkouts.
Washington, Aug. 30.—Efforts to or
j ganize the workers in the steel industry
still are being made with the hope that
an amicable adjustment of their demands
"may be reached before any outbreak or
cessation of work shall be inaugurated."
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, said, to
day, in a statement summarizing the
work of the federation's executive coun
The council has been in session three
days, considering the general labor situa
tion over the country, but r. Gompers
did not deal with the situation as a whole.
Nor did he indicate upon what was based
the hope that the controversy between
the steel men and the United States
Steel corporation would be adjusted
without resort to a strike.
President Wilson was asked Eridav
to intervene, but as he has made no
move, some officials believed he had
decliB , ed to tak '- a hand. Meantime the
; tim<l limit sct for Chairman Garv of the
, $tecl corporatioa to nnswer th ;,
request for a conference has expired
'without an answer being received.
Two Strjkes , ndorsed
T , . . ^
Indorsement of two strikes—those of
th ritrilrmaUers aud actors _ bv the fed *
t era ti 0 n"s ' -
j n(imi( , 0( j
executive council was an
. The cigarmakers were pledged
"moral and financial support" of
the federation, which promised also to
appeal to all labor and friends of labor
to come to their financial aud moral as
As to the railroad brotherhood's plan
for tripartite control of the railroad«,
generally known as the Plumb plan. Mr.
Gompers said the council had consider
ed this of such importance to labor, the
people and the country that no acton
would be taken until a special commit
tee had gathered and presented all the
Regarding the Amsterdam conference
of international trade unions which he
attended as an American delegate. Mr.
Gompers said it had voted overwhelming
against any bolsheviki principles or ten
dencies. The report of the American
delegates he said, showed that the wave
of bolshevism had receded.
No reference was made by Mr. (<om
pers to the president's decision not to
grant general wage increase to rauroas
employes nt this time.
3 000 FORM IN LINE AND
BUY 10,000 POUNDS OF SUGAR
Minneapolis, Aug. 30.—A 10,000
pound stock of sugar held by a candy
store was disposed of in one hour, this
evening, to more than 3,000 persons,
Who formed lines several blocks long.
M&sor Meyers' committee on food prices
requested the sale.
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