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LIVESTOCK MEN Telegram Making Charge Against Witneses Put ■ Into Senate Record. Washington, Aug. oO.—While Western and Southern stock raisers appearing before the senate agriculture committee continued today, to attack the Kenyon and lvendrick bills to license the packing industry, Chairman Gronna put into the record a telegram from the American Livestock association, charging that, in some cases, the witnesses were "coerced" and in other cases had their expenses paid by the five big packers. . "The association has long realized the impossibility of proper conduct of the livestock business when subject to the entrenched monopoly of the great packer combination." said the message, which was signed by H. A. .lastro. a? chairman of the association market committee. "We recognize and indorse the general plan for thorough-going and federal control of the packing business, which shall, in the future, prevent the abuses growing out of world-wide concentrated power, preying alike on producer and consumer, and wasteful in many of its methods. Believe in Licensing. "We believe the licensing system properly places power and responsibil ity for just and rational treatment in un impartial agency of the government. We indorse, as essential, the policy of divorcing the packers from control of the stockyards. We believe that refrig erator cars should be rated as common carriers. We are aware of the desper ate efforts being made by the packers to maintain their unconscionable posi tion. We have noted their lavish expen diture in advertising that has dealt in evasion, misrepresentation and half truths. We deplore the recent action of those livestock producers who have ■ passed resolutions condemning certain features of the proposed bib." Kendrick Approves It. The message approved by Senator Kendrick. den.ocrat. Wyoming, author of one of the repulative bills, who also i-; president, of the American livestock association. Horace H. Fletcher, president of the Indianapolis livestock exchange, one of today's witnesses, said that the "growth of tiie great packing companies is part of our progress." "I believe." he added, "that political and bureaucratic control of enmmer e is bad for the public. (Continued from Page One). the revolting ieft wing delegation of the socialists have so far been unable to decide which side of the communists they favor. Want Russian Policy. Although many delegates were not clear as to the difference between the left and right wings of the party, the principal differences appeared to be that the left wing men want practically a proletariat dictatorship, and some even go so far as to suggest an abolition of political action. It was explained that the breach in the party has been wid ening for some time and the trouble to day was the result of this. Among the fundamental differences between the left and the right, wings is the desire of th<> left to affiliate with the third internationale of Moscow, in stead of the second internationale of Berne. It is said by many that the left, wing wants a policy similar to the bol sheviki of Russia. In the meantime, the main conven tion of the socialist party headed by Congressman-Elect Victor Berger of Wisconsin. Seymour Stedman and Adolph firmier, national secretary. is going ahead with its business, which, accord ing to announcement, will consume a week. Rose Stokes Among Left. "We are the party," Mr. Berger per sisted. "the others are just a lot of anarchists. I have been through this ex perience before." Among the left wing delegates who are making the fight today were Rose Pastor Stokes. Kate Sadler and I. E. Ferguson, temporary secretary of the radicals. "The left wing represents about SO per cent of the socialist party." said Mr. Ferguson, "but we seem to be left out of the party's deliberations." The convention is scheduled to last h week. Approximately 250 delegates were present at the opening session to day and it was claimed they represented a majority of states. When the delegates were admitted to the convention hall their credentials were examined and all those carrying white cards were admitted. Heretofore red cards have been used. FREE TO ASTHMA SUFFERERS A New Home Method That Anyone Can Use Without Discomfort or Loss of Time. We have a. new method that controls Asthma, and we want you to try it at our expense. Xo matter whether your case is of long standing or recent de velopment, whether it is present as Hay Fever or chronic Asthma, you should send for a free trial of our method. No matter in what climate you live, no matter what your age or occupation. 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King, bearing on their in vestigation of conditions in the Near East, has been submitted to the Ameri can delegation in three sections. The first relates to Syria, the second to Mesopotamia, the third to non-Arabic speaking Turkey. The report contains recommendations as to mandatories, which the two com missioners refuse to disclose, but they discussed today with the Associated Press the results of their conferences with delegations throughout Syria anil other parts of Asia Minor. Syrians Want Palestine. The Syrians generally hold that Pale stine should be included in Syria, to af ford a united country and oppose the Zionist movement, under the contention ! that the Jews form only 10 per cent of ; the population of Palestine at present ; and the Moslems fe/ir an influx from other countries. Apparently there is a majority senti ment throughout Turkey favoring for- ; eign mandates as the best means for (Continued from Pa** Oiif.) evinced a personal animus that, largely deprived their testimony of any probative value. Only Inference Against Ryan. The fact that John I>. Ryan was asso ciated with a company that may be bene fited by these transactions is a circum stance giving a degree of color to the criticism and complaint. So far as my information goes, John I). Ryan per formed an able and useful service in air craft matters during the war, and re flections upon his conduct are not. just i - fied by strained inferences. Only evidence of a compelling character should justify a reflection upon his business judgment. Patriotism or motives, and such testi mony. in my opinion, has not been pre sented. "It is obvious that the extension of the Milwaukee railroad from Deep creek as well as the connection of the Lake Pleasant line therewith, would benefit the Milwaukee as a feeder. It is equal ly obvious that if the government need ed this spruce, its purpose to procure it should not have bee. bandoned be cause any railroad company or any lan 1 owners would benefit thereby. Truce Discounted Plans. "During the war. America built 10. 831 planes, H7.H7.~i airplane engines, she bought 5.071 planes from the allies which were used in Europe. She fur nished a iarge part of the materials for thousands of planes used by the allies and thousands of Americans aided in con struction work iu Great Britain. "The fortunate early termination 'if the war made much of our expenditures useless and this was so with the ex penditures here involved, but that is not just condemnation of the preparations that were made. Had the war continued through 1910 and the fruit of these ex penditures been realized, probably no pa triotic man would have questioned either the wisdom or good morals of these ex penditures. "The railroad in question taps a coun try rich in natural resources; it is a property of intrinsic worth and will be of permanent value. In this connec tion it is only candid to say that the speed with which the railroad work was done, and many other handicaps created a construction cost far above normal prices. Would Hold Road. "If the government cannot secure a reasonable price for the property I be lieve it should not sell. Iu such an event I believe it should encourage the use of this road by some operating concern for the development of this rich country, with the ultimate certainty that the gov ernment can procure a substantial por tion of the cost. Mr. Lea declared that the majority report of the committee was inaccurate in stating that "thé estimated salvage of railroads and mills is less than 10 per cent of the actual cost." The estimate referred to, he said, was made last Feb ruary. Since then JO pe- cent of the assets of the spruce corporation have been sold "at men over CK) per cent of their value." ; i I I E (Continued from Fane Onr) severa! nationalities into the wrong nation. Mr. Walsh sairl be was present at the open meeting when the league covenant was approved and that "various people were jumping up over the hall to make suggestions, but M. Clemenceau blandly said: 'There being no objection, the covenant is agreed to.' " Tn the Versailles negotiations. Walsh, Ryau and Dunne declared, President Wilson's ideals all had been brushed aside by the other powers. Ireland Ground, They Say. ^>f conditions in Ireland, where the commission spent some time, the three speakers painted a gloomy picture, civil law had been suspended, they declared, and local officials were being arrested and their homes searched without war rant. while women and children were ground beneath a "despotic" military rule whose excesses, they declared, the censorship had concealed from the United States. Other Faction Files Protest. tirent Britain, the speaker said, had drawn the United States into the league t<> bel]) guarantee such "outrages" as she was committing in Ireland. At the same time, they asserted, England had been careful to preserve a sea-power which gave her "a grip in every quart of suit wate.r in the world," and which, under present circumstances, could be intended for use only against the United States. A brief opposing the views expressed by the witnesses was filed with the com mittee by Albert Kelly, of Xew York, and five others. The brief protested against the .'Attempt of representatives 111 Ireland, known as the Sinn i ein party. <>r of kindred organi zatioDS favoring movement in the United States.'; to bring the Irish ques tion into discussion of the peace Ireatv. : i rehabilitating the country and. except in portions of Lebanon, where the r rencn are favored, the commissioners^ assert, there seems to be an overwhelming sen timent for a United States mandate. The Druse and Greek orthodox popu lation favor the British mandate except for small minorities in Syria. Urge Larger U. S. Mandate. Messrs. Crane and King expressed the opinion that the United States could maintain order, both in European and Asiatic Turkey, with very small forces, while the other powers probably jwould require considerable armies. They said the desire seemed to be general in Syria to have Prince Feisal (son of the king of the Hedjas) as king, and the national aspirations of the Syrians are based on President Wilson's 14 points. The American commissioners said their report does not necessarily advise ! a United States mandate for all of Tur- ! key, but. it believed from their discus- I sions that, they have reported that, iu their opinion, much more than Armenia | and Constantinople should be included in j the American mandate, if the I nite-i States decides to accept, it. IT BLINDING LODGE. ITI Holy Alliance Charge Against Treaty Analyzed; Aims at Mankind to Hit Wilson. Washington. Aug. .'10.—Replying in the senate to arguments presented by Chairman Lodge, of the foreign rela fions committee against unreserved rati fication of the peace treaty, Senator Owen, democrat, Oklahoma, declared Mr. Lodge baa been blinded by parti sanship and by a distrust of popular institutions. Replying in the senate to arguments presented by Chtirir.an Lodge, of the foreign relations committee, against tin reserved ratification of the peace treaty, Senator Owen, democrat. Oklahoma, de clared Mr. I.odge had been blinded by partisanship and by a distrust of popu lar institutions. Referring to the committee chairman's parallel between the league of nations and the ill-famed holy alliance. Mr. Owens said the argument had over looked the intrigue and autocratic self ishness which surrounded the alliance. Holy Ailiance Was Different. "The fact that wars followed the treaty of the holy alliance." he con tinued. "was because this treaty was between military dynasties made by monarchial autocracies, each controlled by intrigue. "The trouble with the senator from Masachusetts is that he really believes in the rule of the few over the many. He does not believe the pople ought, to have the right to initiate laws they want, or veto laws they do not want. He looks upon them with less confidence than he did upon the. military autocracies, for the senator favored a league iu 1015, when the autocracies were in full power. "He is not. as he thinks, waging a war against Woodrow Wilson. He i» waging a war against the desires and tue hopes of all mankind. Let him beware of throwing himself and his blinded par tisans across the path of the righteous judgment of mankind." WEATHER Observations taken at 6 p. m., August 30, for the preceding 24 hours. j High. Low. Prec. I Great Falls !».'! -TJ . . Calgary S-4 4"J II Chicago NO •>-! 0 Havre 88 -48 0 , Helena 87 ,V_! 0 • Kalispell NU -Ii! i), Xew York 7tf M St. Paul 08 54 <! San Diego WS 06 ."I Seattle 7_' 58 .U> Wiliston 7.S 41! 0 Weather Conditions — Pacific Slope, Northwest and Canadian Northwest. The northwestern high pressure area has moved eastward and is central over the Dakotas and Nebraska. Pressure is still low and temperatures are high in British Columbia and in interior Or egon. The later area has covered parts of Idaho and Nevada. The only rain i reported from the entire west was show- ! ers in the Paget sound region and south- ' ern California. 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