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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, September 06, 1919, Image 1

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GREAT F AXLS DAILY TRIBUNE
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1919
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
SENIOR PARTNER Of WORLD-OR HERMIT?
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Photo by P. E. Rogers.
Some of the editors who are in Great Falls attending the thirty-fourth annual convention of the Montana State Press Association. The final event of the program
here will be a basket picnic this Saturday afternoon at the Great Falls of the Missouri, where they will be the guests of the Montana Power company.
Japan's Aim Is to Absorb Korea Finally
Redfield Resigns From Wilson Cabinet
Action Attributed
Quarrel With Hines
on Steel Prices.
to
ILL LEAVE POST NOV. 1;
Washington, Sept. 5.—William C. Reil- ;
field. secretary of commerce, has tend- '
cred his resignation to President Wilson
nn<J, it will be accepted November 1.
This w\s announced today officially.
Secretary liedfield. in announcing his
resignation, said he found it necessary to
give immediate attention to personal
business affairs, stating that he was
anxious to return to private life, after
spending more than eight years in Wash
ington.
The secretary said he wrote President ;
Wilson on August 1, asking him to ac
cept his resignation as of {»etober.35. ;
When he found the president was to be j
away on his speaking tour during Sep- j
i ember, however, he agreed to remain
until the last of October.
Announcement of Mr. Redfield's resig
nation did not conic as a surprise. Since
his disagreement with Director General
of Railroads Ilines regarding prices for !
steel, several months ago, it had been
almost common gossip that he contem- j
plated early retirement from the prrsi- |
dent's cabinet.
Mr. Redfield, however, denied that his !
resignation was the result of friction j
between himself and other administration
officials.
Mr. Kedficld is the sixth man to leave
the cabinet during the six years of;
President Wilson's administration.
FIRST DIVISION TO
PARADE SEPTEMBER 17
Washington. Sept. The parade here
of the First division will take place Sep
tember 17 at 1 p. m.
$6,225,000 TOTAL OF PLACER GOLD
COMING OUT OF ALASKA THIS YEAR,
NOME DROPS TO BUT $250,000 YIELD
Dawson, Y. T., Sept. 5.— Placer gold shipments from Alaska and Yukon
territory camps, this year, probably will total approximately 56,225,000, ac
cording to estimates made by Voltney Richmond, of Dawson, superintendent
of the Northern Claims company.
Rich gold creeks of the Klondike continue to lead. Dawson, the metropolis
of the Klondike helng credited with an output of $2,000,000.
Fairbanks, Tolovana and Hot Springs, three points in the Tanana valley
of Alaska, are credited with shipments $1.500,000. Last year the throe Tanana
towns were given a total of $2,000,000.
Nome, once one of Alaska's richest camps, is credited with $250 000
The American camp at Circle has a total of $225,000, an increase over
last year's figures. The Koyukuk valley in Alaska this year will total $100,000,
the Marshal territory $65,000, Rampant $25,000 and Chandlar $25,000. Every
year Richmond announces his figures just before the close of navigation. He
makes his estimates from bank and express shipment.
WAR HERO TOOK
265 FOES; RIVAL
TO ALVIN YORK
New York, Sept. 5.—One lieuten
ant colonel, 12 other officers and 250
snipers of the German army cried
"kamerad" to Sergeant "Bill" Don
nelly, a fighting Irish member of
Company B, Eighteenth Infantry,
during the second battle of the Marne
—and thereby place« Sergeant "Bill"
up in the class with Sergeant Alvin
C. York, of Pall Mall, Tenn., cham
pion hero of the world war, it was
announced here today.
York, who in peace time had been
second elder in the Church of Christ
and Christian union in the little Ten
nessee village on the winding Wolf
River, killed more than 20 Germans,
put 35 machine gun nests out of
business and took prisoner 132 of
the enemy, including a major.
Donnelly, according to his official
record, with a squad of six men,
"surrounded" a chateau in which
German snipers were at work, drove
them to their "homb proof" and
thon loudly called for grenades with
which to blow them up.
The result was that all surrender
ed, filed', out and marched back to
tbe first division lines under Don
nelly's able direction and won Ser
geant "Bill" the French military
medal, highest war decoration of
France and recommendation for the
congressional medal of honor, the
highest military award of the United
States.
Sugar Shortage Near
End; 100 Cargoes on
Way to U.S. From Cuba
Chicago, Sept. 5.—The sugar short
age which has been felt nil over the
country during the* last eight weeks, is
virtually at an end, and normal condi
tions will be resumed within ten days,
according to an announcement made
here, today, by Henry 11. Rolapp, chair
man of the ii >d administration sugar dis
tributing committee,
"The government now has 100 boats
bringing raw sugar from Cuba," said
Mr. Rolapp, whose territory extends
from Texas to northern Minnesota and
from the Pacific coast to the Illinois to
the Louisiana slate line.
SOCIALISTS TO CALL NEW
INTERNATIONAL TO UNITE
RADICAL FORCES OF WORLD
Those Who Didn't Resist War and German Major
ity Faction to Be Barred; Plumb R. R. Plan
Indorsed; Decry Clash With Mexico.
Chicago, Sept. ."».—Steps for the call
ing of a new international socialist, con
gress to unite the radical forces of the
world were taken, today, at the closing
i session of the convention of the nation
al socialist party. The plan is to hold
; the congress at the earliest date practi
cable, in either New York or Chicago.
The question was presented to the
convention in the report of the commit
tee on international relations, which de
clared that the Kerne international so
cialist congress has ceased to function
and that the Moscow congress was not
international.
Under the terms of the resolution
adopted the German majority socialists
and the factons of the party in other
countries which declined to oppose th-|
world war would he barred from partici
pating in the new international socialist
congress.
Want Congress on Soviet Plan.
The congress gave its qualified in
dorsement of the Plumb plan for the na
tionalization of railroads, objection be
ing made to the method of acquiring the
railroads and the limited representation
of classified employes on (lie board to
manage the transportation lines.
Another resolution adopted after a
fight urged the necessary federal and
state constitutional changes to permit
the election of congress and general
assemblies by industrial trade groups in
stead of by territorial districts, in ac
cordance with the Russian soviet plan.
Other resolutions adopted included:
A protest against universal military
training.
DOGS LICENSED TO DRIVE THEM
OFF EARTH; BARS MET SAME FATE;
WHY NOT PACKERS? ASKS DEALER
Washington, Sept. 5. —- Arguments
that decentralization of the packing in
dustry would cheapen the food supply
were presented to the senate agricultural
committee, today, by Mrs. Florence Kei
!ey, secretary of the National Consum
ers' league, but retail dealers appearing
to oppose the Kenyon and Ivendrick li
censing bills disagreed with this theory.
"Carrying cattle long distances in
freight cars," said Mrs. Kelly, speaking
for the consmers' league, "and carrying
the meat still further in expensively
iced equipment, is not a way to cheapen
the food supply. We favor the Kenyon
and Kendrick bills because we think they
Belgium's Security
to Be Guaranteed by
Gt. Britain and U. S.
London, Sept. 5.—The Evening Stand
ard says it learns ou the highest au
thority that Belgium's security in the fu
ture is to be guaranteed against <»er
man aggression by Great Britain and the
li Biffa States.
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A demand for the immediate repeal
the federal espionage law.
A protest against this country becom
ing involved in a war with Mexico.
Protest Deportations.
Providing for the calling of a Pan
American socialist, congress.
A protest against the deportation
radicals from the United States.
Opposition to any limitation of immi
gration into the United States.
The party elected the following na
tional executive committee: E.
Melius, Milwaukee; William Brandt, St.
Louis; William II. Henry. Indianapolis;
John Hagel, Oklahoma City; George
I'newer. Boston; O. Wilson. Chi
caeo: James O'Xeal. New York
... ,,
Congressman-elect Victor Merger.
Milwaukee, who has been member
the national executive committee since
ihe organization of the party, declined
to be a candidate for re-election.
"I have been a member of the com-j
mittee ever since the party was organ
ized," said Berger, "and all I ever got
out of it was a twenty-year prison sen-I
tence."
The new communist-labor party of
America convention adjourned after
electing the following national executive
committee:
L. E. Katterfeld, Kansas; Alexander
Bilan, Cleveland; Jack Carney, Duluth;
Max Dedacht, California, and Edward
Lindgren, New York. The headquarters
of the new party will be at Cleveland.
The communist party convention also
adjourned after electing officials. Its
headquarters will be either m New
would tend to break and decentralize the
industry.
The packer, she said, had Centralized
the food supply and the consumers were
paying more because the former local
sources were no longer depended upon
to feed eastern population.
L. I". Padberg, a St. Louis retailer,
said Mrs. Keley's idea "was that of re
turning to conditions as they were ,'iO
years ago.
Lands to Valuable in East.
"You might as well take to building
houses without bath tubs," he said.
Percy A. Brown of Wilkes-Barre, Pa.,
said the local meat supplies in eastern
states were impossible because the land
there was too valuable for grazing use.
W. X. Lazenby. proprietor of several
markets at Waco, Texas, denied that the
butchers could be held responsible for
high meat prices. He analyzed the con
tents of u beef car to show that some
sections of it went to consumers at
less than cost.
J E. Nauer, a retailer at. Saginaw,
Mich., told the committee that dogr, were
licensed "to drive them off the face
of the earth; saloons were licensed, and
they went the same road," he added that
the packers would be facing grave dun
jjcr, as well, if they were licensed.
T
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of
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of
T.
Governor Saite Goes to
Abolish Tortures and
Court People.
Tokio, Sept. — On the eve of his
departure for Seoul Admiral Karon
Minora Saito, recently appointed gov
j ernor general of Korea, announced in
au exclusive statement to The Associated
Press some of the things be hopes to
accomplish during Iiis term of office.
'Phe old method of punishment in Korea
he said will be abolished; the right of
free speech will be granted and a
Korean autonomous government m vil
lages and districts will be instituted with
the eventual goal of Korean représenta
i tioa in the Japanese diet.
m..«*
of j Tortuies Must Cease,
! "Much has been said about our as
j miilating the Koreans," he continued,
I "All I ask is that the Koreans be loyal
subjects of the Japanese empire. It
; would be absurd to think of destroying
! the ancient Korean language and
customs. We shall continue to offer
j Japanese education, but there shall b.
j no coercive attempts to crush out the
j Korean spirit and traditions or iegiti
I mate aspirations. My aim is to allow
j the Koreans peacefully and happily to
I develop themselves until ultimately they
1 become the equals of the people of
[Japan and proper in all that touche:
j social and political rights.
j promise to abolish all forms of
; discriminât ion whatsoever. In addition to
i t ] )( , gendarmarie. the unpopular gol i
br U id« and sw
braids and swords worn by officials wil
be discontinued and able Koreans will
be given official appointments.
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New York, Sept. 6.—The actors'
strike, which nearly four weeks ago
closing nearly 20Ü theaters in this
and other cities, was called off.
early this morning, undor an agree
ment which was declared to bo vir
tually a complete victory for the
Actors' Equity association.
STRIKE CALLED
IN 169 THEATERS
New York, Sept. 5.—A striko of
of stage hands In IG9 theaters
throughout the country where Shu
bert productions are being offer
ed. has been ordered by the Inter
national Alliance of Stage Employes
and moving picture operators of tho
United States and Canada, it was
announced here tonight. The strlka
ordse was to take effect "immedi
ately."
TO BACK OUT NOW
MEANS LEAGUE OF
EUROPE AND JAPAN
PRESIDENT WARNS
Tells St. Louis Audience of Thousands U. S. Faces
Threat of Becoming Financial Nonentity and
Necessity of Vast Armaments if Treaty of Peace
Is Rejected; Emphasizes Reconstruction.
St. Louis, Sept. 5.—The United States will be the senior part*
ner, the financial, economical and commercial leader if she joins
the family of nations. President Wilson asserted in the fourth
address of his 10,000-mile tour here tonight.
Without the United States the league merely would be an alli
ance between the great European powers and Japan, Mr. Wilson
said, and the dissociated party would be the United States.. There
could be no true league without the United States, he added.
Rejection Means Isolation.
"I have seen some men of amazing
ignorance saying that the covenant of
the league of nations was an arrange
ment for war," said the president. "I
wonder if these getlemen commenting
on the treaty have ever read it."
Here the president said be would
give the person a copy and the audience
shouted "Give Senator Reed one."
"If we reject the treaty we will stand
alone in the world," continued the
executive. He aserted that only the
ignorant believed the United States
could stand alone against the world.
The executive explained the proposed
workings of the reparation commission,
saying that it would strive to revive'
world industry and see that Germany
paid her debts to civilization.
Reconstruction or Ruin.
The president asserted the burden of
reconstruction must be carried or the
United States would he ruined. In the
event that the United States should re
ject the treaty this country would be
come a virtual nonentity in the financial
world, declared the speaker. Remain
ing out of the league means a large
standing army, munition factories, forti
fications. which altogether means higher
taxes, the president explained. He
warned that if this country remains out
of the league and stands alone it niu.<t
stand alone as a nation in arms, and if
the United States intends to prey upon
the world, she deserves to "be frozen
out of world intercourse.
Need Seat on Reparations.
"If the United States is to have its
own economic interests," said th"
president, "it must save the economic
interests of the world." Thar was one
reason, he continued, why the United
States should have a representative on
the powerful reparation commission. If
there were no American voice m this
commission, he asserted, this country
would have to put into tue bands of for
eign interests seeking to control world
markets American money for the re
lH *That' said the 'president, "is what
they call playing a lone hand." "It is
playing a lone hand; if is playing a hand
frozen out. Those who propose these
things do not understand the interests
of the United States."
. . . . , ...
Was Industrial War.
Should America fail to take its just
part in the wo fid rehabilitation, the
president aserted. the whole attitude!
of the world toward America would be
changed. Because the world trusted so
much. he said, the reaction would be ae
cordingly great.
Emphasizing how economic features
figure in war. Mr Wilson described how
the (icrmans had dismantled 15e.gian
factories. The war. he added, was not
a political one, but a "commercial and
industrial war." ^
Should the I nited States stand apart,
economically and politically, the presi
dent continued, then it must be "physi
cally ready for trouble. The nation must
become, he said, a nation in arms.
Powers Seek U. S. Leadership.
i TT
(tormany was not the only nation
witieh had a secret service, Mr. Wilson
said, but every other nation in Europe |
also was spvinj; on its neighbors because j
thev all had to be rcadv for schemes of !
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conquest to he sprung.
The league of nations without the
United States, tbe president said, would i
be "nil alliance and not a league of na
tions."
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I beiv can be no league of nat ions ni j
continued "without the
a true sense,
partnership of this great people. And
if we are a partner, let me predict we'll
be the senior partner. The other nations
arc looking to us for leadership and di
rection."
It was clear choice, said the president,
between "armed isolation" and "peace
ful partnership." He said he had heard
it asserted with "annoying ignorance"
(Continued on l'ane Two.)
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GERMANY SEEKING LOST VICTORY
ON EAST, PREMIER PADEREWSKI SAYS;
POLES FACING ENEMIES EVERYWHERE
Paris, Sept. 5.—"Germany, defeated on the west, ha^ turned to the east,
where she is waging a battle with the hope of achieving the victory she could
not win on tho other fronts," Ignace Jan Paderewski. Polish premier, declared
to the Associated Press while discussing Polish conditions. M. Paderewski
appeared before the supreme council of the peace conference to discuss the
critical situation In Teschen and Silesia.
"In upper Slîosia, East Prussia, Lithuania, along the bolshevik front In
tho vicinity of Minsk and along the Ukrainian front. Polish armies are forced
to face armod enemies," he continued "Whero these enemies are not Ger
mans. they are aided by Germans who are urging tb* bolshovlki forward in every
way to menace Poland. Our new government with limited supplies and tittle
clothing for its army finds the situation desperate.
"Until the German treaty is ratified, wo cannot got tho foreign troops
to stabilize the situation and hold tho bolshevlkl In sections of ceded territory.
In tho mean time, Polish workmen are being beaten, abused and killod by Ger
man troops in Silesia. The Poles are eager to rush into Silesia to avenge
the wrongs and it Is difficult to restrain our people.
"Our people have resisted the spread of Bolshevism so far but there Is
a limit to our endurance. We wl®' 1 ratification of the treaty.
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Present Regime Unto
Repentance.
T T
Washington. Sept. 5.—Warning Mex
icans that intervention by the United
States is eminent. General Salvador Al
varado. one of the leaders in the Carran
za movement throughout its course, has
addressed au open letter to Carranza
himself and General Obregon and Gon
zales, in which he arraigns. tin
Mexico in scathing fashion.
Alvarado, who attracted attention of
all the Pan-Americans for his adminis
tration in Yucatan, estimates that the
present daily death list in the scattered
fighting between federal troops and reb
els is 100 a day. In Mexico City alone,
he says, S.000 children die each vear
j for want of proper food, clothing and
j shelter.
; Must Change System.
j Alvarado, after trving to make tho
j radicfl l theories of the new Mexican con
j stitution work in actua , praeti(V (lr .
j pIarea the tçm t be £ hanKed ;
j declares Mexico has passed from ono
; extreme of an i rresp onsible, obstruction
j ist campaigns, to the other-* despotic.
! personal presiden
;
regime without responsibility or
le^al restraint. He excoriates the ad
ministration of justice, charging that
justice is sold to the highest bidder.
The full text of Alvarado's remarkable
I communication has just reached the
j state department where officials regard
i it as a sign that members of Carranza's
j inner circle realize danger.
Alvarado urges Carranza, Obrecon
j and Gonzales to drop personal poli?,« ,
and , vith the revo!utionarr
j element in one great party to solve
national problems which he enumerator
j ag follows :
* Pacification of the country, organiza
0 f the army, settlement of internal
i foreign debts, settlement of claims
f„ r damages caused by the resolution,
the petroleum problem, organization of
j the national railways and settlement o£
the banking question.
i H(> caUs Carranza, as the first:
j ohiof of tho revolution, to lead the
j movement, and upon Obregon and Gon
! sales to resign their candidacies for tho
presidency and support it.
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i ^ Toward tue conclusion o: his letter
| * ,e t 5£f ^ lvarnt *o says:
j 1 here is uo ti no to lose in the ar
! rangement of our affairs, rhe European
j war is ended: the three most powerful
i nations of the glebe are our creditors
. . , . ... . , .
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accounts, and, in like manner, they ask.
! for sufficient quarante», s for the lives
i and interests of their nationals. If we
j , hinv ourselv es incapable of complying
with our duties, they will ltake over
i,
the task of guarding and protecting
these lives and interests and we know
what that means."
BIG COAL PIER BURNS.
Baltimore, Sept. 5.—The Western
Maryland railroad's coal pier. 1300 feet
. long and SH) feet high, was partly de
; stroyed b y fir« tonight, together with
; three barges. Loss about $300.000.

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