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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 7, 1919 THIRTY PAGES PRICE, FIVE CENTS. RATIFICATION OR BOLSHEVISM, OPTION Of U. S, WILSON SAYS CIVIL WAR THREATENS W. VA. MINES Governor Calls Baker's Attention to Possible Need of Troops. OrtHJITORS EET MKKINE ens READY FOR IGTION Charleston, W. Va., Sept. 5.— Five hundred miners, who left Oak Grove this morning to march across the mountains to Coal River, where they said they intended to force unionizing of the mines, were joined at Ra cine on the Little'Coal river byip X i- j i 3,000 men, according to word received shortly before noon. \ I« n 4-^ u* All the men sie reported to armed. Coal operators are reported to have unloaded a carload of ma , . , . . . chine guns at different places in Logan county. Ai. c.qa + U,J At o.oO O clock tonight the; advance guard of the Kanawha roal mirtpr<* rnarrhine- on thp \ oai nimers marcmrig on li'c Guyan valley operations had reached Danville, Boone county, ., i i u? j? ht j a mile and a half from Madison, Twenty - five automobiles, i it „ loaded with deputy sheriffs,] armed with rifles, left town with the intention of stopping . ., , the invaders before they crossed the Logan county line. The dep uties are led by Sheriff Don Chafin of Logan county. C. F. Keeny. president of district 17 of the United Mine Workers of America, in a telephone conservation with Gov ernor Cornwall, tonight, stated that^the 3,500 miners encamped at Danville would call off their invasion of Logan county and would return to their homes on a special train tomorrow. Keenev left Charlestown at noon in an automobile in an effort to deter the miners. , Following this information from Pre sident Keenev, Governor Cornwall said that he would not ask that federal troops be called out. At the conference today, 1 he governor informed Keenev that he had been in communication with Secre tary of War Baker and Major General Wood, commander of the central de partment; that he could get federal' troops to Logan before the arrival of the miners, and he warned that the marchers would proceed at their own peril. U. S. Troops If They March On. If the miners decide to proceed fur artv of men has been r»roo P edin* into r Imn - ab ,1<P " Proceeding into ther it is probable federal troops will Ohio. It was learne tonight, that another I j ogan county by way of Cabin creek, a much smaller body of men. and are now said to be about twelve miles south cast of Madison in Boone county. At the end of their day's march, which covered about 250 miles, the miners, unaccustomed to hiking were weary and footsore. Many were carry ing their shoes and trudging along bare footed. They carried their rifles on their shoulders while provisions were trans ported in wagons. Occasional Showers Predicted for Week Washington, Sept. 6.— Weather prodictions for the week beginning Monday are: Northern Rocky mountain and pla teau regions: Occasional showers with nearly normal temperatures. MEXICO BARS AMERICANS FROM BANDIT DISTRICT BY NOVEL EXPEDIENT If They Do Not Release Government From Re sponsibility They Can't Enter Tampico Oil 1 eritory. I 1 1 ; ! Washington, Sept. 0.—Apparently con vinced that the I'nited States is in earnest in demanding proper treatment of Americans in Mexico, the Carran/.a government has adopted a novel ex pedient in an attempt to relieve itself of responsibility. Americans going to the Tampico re gion, hereafter, will be compelled to sign a formal release of the Mexican govern ment's responsibility for what may happen to them. If they refuse, Mexican officials will refuse to vise their pass ports. The condition raises a peculiar situ ation for, under international law. a government may refuse travel permission PRESIDENT TOLD FROM AMERICA UPSET ERIN'S ENVOYS THEY HAD APPLECART Then as Not Asking Lloyd George. Walsh and Dunne Report Wilson to Senate as Say . .. . , , . 1 ■ ■ r% 17 1 U • : nig He Had Almost L*ot LleValera Hearing, ° j Washington. Sept. 0.—While private negotiations proceeded, today, between senators favoring "strong"' or "mild" ' reservation to German peace treaty, ! the foreign relations committee re | ceived a report of a spirited discussion j of the Irish question at Paris, last i June, betwen President Wilson and Frank P. Walsh and former Governor Dunne, of Illinois, who sought to obtain a hearing before the peace conference for the Irish nationalists. The report was transmitted by the Trish National bureau, supplementing j recent committee hearings. It said Mr. Wilson declined t* j get a hoarinfr for ! sentatives, declaring that Walsh and u ° n ^ in ! pm f ratc speeches in ire i land had made it impossible. Treaties in existence, the president *' as «'*» represented as saying, impeced I "is efforts to obtain self-determination subject peoples. Norn's Challenges iap Statement. No meeting of the committee was held : o reemo ™ nd « m -. made by i\valsh and Dunne after their conference ! with the president being submitted m formally, and there was little discus sion of treaty in the senate. Senator Norris, republican, Nebraska, . made the only address. He called atten tion , . to 1he fitatempn t of ttie president m jj is j, 0uis speech that Japan's secret treaties with the ailles were %l? de jJZ iD f uce '"f t0 e " te, r thp war Nebraska senator said tne treaties wer e made two years later. T fae group of republican senators ad vocating "mild" reservations conferred the «lay and were said to have agreed to oppose the committee *r>scr yati°ns. particularly that relating to ar tide 10 of the league of nations cove n ant. use his influence to I the Irish repro- | j • ; ! I [ I j i j j ; Wanted Wilson to Visit Ireland. The Irish memoradum, described as ' I ! j j AUSTRIA ACCEPTS TERMS AND RENNER WILL SIGN TREATY NEXT WEDNESDAY Vienna Newspapers Comment on Pact as Most Wicked Feat of Twentieth Century, Which Will Put All of People to Rack. _ _ I P* treaty will be signed Wednesday, | September 10, at St. Germain. ! Vienna, Sept. 0.— (By the Associated i Press)—The Austrian cabinet, after ! fully discussing the treaty, has iiiiani j mously decided to recommend to the na I tional assembly its acceptance. ; Dr. Karl Renner, head of the Aus j * r ' an P eacc delegation, has informed the sign the peace treaty handed Austria! j ~ ■~====-====—— i e ! INO ÜameS Ol Variance Permitted at Fair Helena, Sept. 6.—Cane, doll and jewel ry racks and booths will be missing at this year's Montana state fair. Attorney General S. Ford, today, ruled that no game or device into which the element of chance enters will be permitted to oper ate, either within the fair grounds or elsewhere. Secretary Horace Ensign of the fair says that the ruling of the at torney general will be observed, and that about collected in concessions will be returned to the concessionaries, many of whom already had constructed their booths at the fair grounds. : < ; to foreigners into a region where it may not be prepared to guarantee their safety. Americans going to the Tampico oil region are being asked to make oath to an affidavit that they have been warned of bandit activities, assume all risk of ! peril and "in case of accident formally I renounce their right or that of heirs, laim to the Mexican gov tly or through any other to present a ernment. dir channel." This affidavit is not only requested of workmen who are American citizens, but also of American citizens in the I'nited States holding passports from the state department authorizing them to visit the Tampico region. I ! : ! ! i j a note on the conference between Pre sident Wilson, Walsh and Dunne made by tlfe latter afterward, teemed with sharp exchanges regarding the attitude of the president and others of the Amer can peace commission on the Irish ques tion. Walsh, the memorandum recited, sug gested that the president visit Ireland and the president was said to have re plied: "Now, Walsh, if it is your intention to go back to America and try to put ine in bud I am going to say when I go back that we were well on the way of getting Mr. DeValers and his asso I ciates over here: we were well on the | way, when you made it so difficult by your speeches in Ireland that we could not do it: that it was you gentlemen] ! ! who kicked over the applecart. j l t_ • , _ , . i • l 5»' î n - rofoired discussion« j • m the British parliament of the etforts j to obtain safe conducts to Paris for ; Kamonn DeValera and other Irish na-! ! tionalists, and the president was repre I sented as responding. Now, \\ alsh, I am not going to say, [ anything that was said in the British I house of commons or house of lords, ex j cept to say this: 'That I was making an i effort and Colonel House was making an effort, and that we thought we were j well on the way to getting DeValera and his associates over here. but the speeches j of you gentlemen gave such offense that ; the whole thing had to be abandoned.' " Sympathized, But Couldn't Act. The president, the memorandum de dared, said be had not discussed with ' ' that our"position is this: That"'we I Lloyd George the question of aiding the DeValera mission and Mr. Walsh asked the president to give his aid. The presi dent. according to the document replied: "There is no use in discussing that, T don't know what the British govern ment would say, and I have said all I j can say on the subject. 'I want you gentlemen to understand are .. .. , , . „ _ j this peaeo. It has nothing to do with 'right and justice." trian peace treaty, the Neue Freie Presse says: "All of the people are to bo put on the rack, prompted by the policy of bleeding us white. It is the most wicked feat of the 20th century." Der Tag says: "Might and ignorance have dictated IS TIE1TEHG PUS dUi Drenching Rains Elsewhere De mobilize Army of 1000 Fijçht inft Flames in Timber. lia. Se I Missoula, rain and snov district No. 1 officials feel about over am 6.—With report of i' fr >ni different parts of of the forest service, local that the fire season is ! the demobilization of tii large army that has fighting the flames Four thousand extra being paid off at the \ beeil in the field has commenced fire fighters an arious supervisors PeaCe HaS H&lved '' London. Sept. (Î. The daily expendi ture for the British navy now is half what it was the day the armistice was signed, according to an uunotMMauueiU mad«' by Thomas .T. Mi Ntunara, fin«lU'i*lj secretary of the admiralty. offices in the district. The Coeur d'AIene forest reported a drenching rain, while the Clearwater also had heavy showers. Snow has been falling in the Salmon mountain region of the Nez Perce forest. I Reports from flic Lewis and Clark forest stnte that the Basin creek fire which threatened the Sun River irriga tion project's water supply has been placed under control. Snow fell in that region Friday. All fires in the Bitter Hoot, Lolo and Missoula forests are quiet. i Cost of British Navy tï,°, 8 v SIÄIS JSZ, «füüSS : representations or engage in an effort ;that might involve the sending of troops into Europe, and I know that our people would not want that. What lam saying to you is that we cannot—and under no j circumstances could we have at any time since we have been here—do anything in this matter of an official nature, but I want to say to you that I have the deepest sympathy for Ireland and her cause. I know I speak for the others when I say that all we could do unoffi cially we have been doing and will do." "Great Metaphysical Tragedy." Regarding the president's efforts to translate his announced principle of self determination of peoples into the peace treaty, Mr. Walsh, according to the memoranda, quoted from the president's address, saying millions of people relied on them. In reply the president su id, the statement continues: "You have touched on the great meta physical tragedy of today." 'The words have raised hope in the ! ^arts of millions of people. It is my w,sh . that tbj>y bave that; but could i you imagine that you could revolution j \ 70 the world at once; could you imagine j that, these peoples could come into that once?" \v a i s h replied•• i «i "eau 'imagine them, if anyone de njc( j struggling to come in at once, .. were denied in the place where they expected they were to have it come, and to have it settled difinitely once and for all." Ireland Has Caused Him Anxiety. "When I gave utterance to those words," was the president 's reported reply, "I said them with the knowledge that nationalities existed which are coining to us day after day. Of course. Ireland's case, from the point of view ' °'" population, from the point of view of the struggle it has made, from the point of interest that it has excited in t h ' world, and especially among our own people, whom I am anxious to serve, is the outstanding cause of a suiall nation ality. You do not know and cannot ap preciate the anxiety that. I have experi enced as the result of these many mil lions of people having their hopes raised by what I have said. For instance, time after time, 1 raised a question here in accordance with these principles and I am met with the statement that Great Britain or France or some of the other countries have entered into a solemn treaty obligation. I tell them that it was not in accord with justice and hu manity; and then they tell me that the breaking of treaties is what has brought on the great part of the wars that have been waged in the world." Admits He Lost Hands in Game. "No one knows the feeling that are inside of me while 1 am meeting with these people and discussing things and as these things that have been said here g > over and over in my mind, I feel it most profoundly. It distresses me. But I believe, as you gentlemen do. in di vine providence, and I am in his hands und I don't care what happens to me in I dividually. 1 believe the'se things and I know that countless millions of other people believe them." In ending the conference, the presi dent. was quoted as saying of his mis sion to Paris: "I did not succeed in getting alt I came after. I should say that there was a great deal—no, I will put it this way ! there were a lot of things I hoped for "but did not >t." PRESIDENT PUTS j Shakes Grimy Hands of Rail , , I ram, Sept. (».—Several hundred per sons met the president's special at St. road Men; Country Folk Stand by Road With Flags. On Board President Wilson's Special! Joseph, Missouri, where the train stop : ped for three minutes on it way from Kansas City to Des Moines. The ero./d swarmed around the ob servation end of the president's car and called for a speech, but acting on the advice id' Dr. Grayson, he refrained from making oue and exchanged friendly greetings. A group of women Red Cross workers got the President and Mrs. Wilson to sign their rooster, and Mrs. Wilson was presented with a basket of roses. After the train left the station, it had to stop in the railroad yards to take on water for the engine, and the presi dent shook hands with a number of rail road yardmen. With their grimmy hands they showed some hesitation, but the president smil i ingly urged them to come forward aud i he gave each a hearty clasp. Flowers for Mrs. Wilson. Children, white anil negroes, were on I hand and were lifted up to the rail so i the president could shake them by hand also, the president seemed to enjoy par j tieularly a tiny black pickaninny and its fcamniy, who, fighting a way through the «tiWMt, ;fot wit bin reach of the rail, ''Hello, little one," he said, taking 'jTT" ln ''* d on 1>u * e 1 wo -> GREAT WHITE WAY BLAZES AGAIN AS ACT ORS G O BACK New York, Sept. 6.—New York's "great white way" blazed forth, to night, after the partial eclipse caus ed by the actors' strike. The prob-; lern of being ail dressed up and no where to go was solved for thousands of theatergoers by the re-opening of a number of houses, which had been forced to close during the 30-day war between the thespians and man agers, which ended early today. Many of the closed theaters were un able to arrange for a re-opening to night, but all announced that per formances would be resumed early next week. According to the claims of the va rious parties to the war, it ended in a victory for everyone. The Actors' Equity association and Chorus Equity association were triumphant because they gained recognition; the managers pointed with pride to the fact that provision for an "open shop" was included in the treaty of peace and the Actors' Fidelity league which supported the manag ers, proclaimed its satisfaction that it also was recognized. i ! Washington, Sept. 6.—Necessity for the stabilization of foreign exchange and the extention of credits abioaa as a of furthering American commer English Proposal for Double Legal Tender Decried in Debate. i means 1 cinl interests was emphasized in the j senate, today, when the export finance : bill introduced by Senator Ldge, repub lican. New Jersey, was taken up and a i number of amendments adopted. The bill, prepared by the federal re I serve board and approved by Secretary i Glass and a number of the leading fi 1 naneier of the country, provides for the I formation of banking corporations and j for their financing, so as to enable them ' to do business abroad. Sees Too Much Power. Opposition was expressed by Senat ~ Smoot, I"tah; fironna. North Dakota; »he senate also amended the bill so as to require the corporations to en gage entirely in foreign banking aud other financial operations instead of "principally" as originally provided. Gronna Offers Curb. Senator Smoot called attention to pro posals which he said have been made British officials that, as soon as the league ot nations had been approved, the English pound note should be made a legal tender in the I'nited States while American dollars would be made legal j tender in England. ! "I don't believe the time will come ' when the English pound note will be ! considered legal tender in the I'nited I States." he said. "We may pass a I thousand league of nations, but we'll j never have it." i The senate adopted amendments by I Senator Gronna. prohibiting corporations formed under the act from engaging In commerce or trade, or interferring with the freedom of competition in the sale of commodities. Another amendment by him, providing that no corporations formed under the bill should invest, in any one corpora tion an amount exceeding 10 per cent of its capital and surplus, except in a corporation engaged principally in the i,. in uing business, also was accepted, . jntrol of the corporations. mous vote, it adopted an amendment by Senator Smoot. requiring all members of the board of directors, instead of a "ma jority" as proposed, be American <'iti I,enroot, Wisconsin : and others. They objected particularly to what they said were the almost unlimited powers grant ed to the proposed financial corporations and urged that limitations be provided by which they would be subject to tiie banking ' laws as other finan cial institutions. The senate went on record as oppos ing fore ign interests particip at ing in the By unam Old Cabinet Holds on at Budapest; Acute Situation in Hungary Budapest, Sept. <!.—The political) crisis in Hungary is stil acute. All the members of the proposed Heinrich cabinet to succeed the ministry of Herr Friedrich have been summoned to Buda pest. giving rise to a report that an agreement has been reached with the Paris peace conference authorities. On the other hand. Premier Friedrich is said to now make his withdrawal contingent upon a guarantee by the al lies that Hungary shall receive money, food and raw materials. The Friedrich cabinet continues the head of the gov ernment. French General Bars German Officials From Taking Oath Berliu, Sept. 0.—General Mangiu has forbidden German officials within the jurisdiction of the Tenth army to take oath to the new constitution. RUSSIA'S POISON SPREAD BY DELAY P RESIDENT SAYS Whole World Waiting Uneasily for Peace Guaran* tees, Meanwhile Nation Faces Possibility of Wreck That Befel Former Empire of Czar, He Declares to 7500 at Des Moines. I)es Moines, Sept. 6.—A possibility that bolshevism may spread in threatening proportions to the United States unless the peace treaty is ratified promptly was suggested by President Wilson in an address here tonight. The whole world was waiting uneasily, he said, while the poison which has wrecked Russia was spreading among peoples who did not yet know what guarantees there were to be for liberty in the new world order. Labor and capital in the United States, he asserted, could not proceed intelligently with their settlements nor could great problems like the railroad situation be solved while the suspense continued. Treaty American Document. Mr. Wilson defended the Shantung provision of the treaty and said the league covenant section referring to the Monroe doctrie had been inserted to "give the Monroe doctrine the right of way in the western hemisphere". He declared his conviction that it would do so. The treaty, with its league of nations covenant, as explained here, tonight, by the president, is a purely American document, extending democracy over the world and shifting foreign relations from a basis of force and war to one of arbitration and peace. Hope for Ireland, Too. Making his second address of the day, the president spoke in the Des Moines coliseum, said to seat i,500. Lvery chair was taken and many were standing. Earlier in the day he had spoken at Kansas City, more than .300 miles away, where he had held up Russia as a horrible example of autocracy, far worse than anything that had ever existed UIU j f . r Wilhelmism. and had also, in a rpfpl; en,e couched in general terms, touched on the case of Ireland, by say-] j n g the league would be a world forum in which all people could present their grievances, while one provision permit ted one nation to call the attention of another-in a friendly way—to what seemed to be an "injustice" within it. and Mrs. Wilson was introduced by J Escorted by Airplanes. An escort of airplanes dropped flow-I ers on the president's train as it ap proached the city, and he was cheered during an automobile ride through the crowds that packed the downtown streets. When he entered the coliseum he was cheered a^ain. The meeting was opened by an ovation B. Weaver, president of h chamber of commerce, who the "outstanding figure in the life of the world today." Mrs. Wilson sat on >es Monies spoke on ..... . , . Describing the world as des, t ; . i in need of the settled condition «•t pea.>. the president said the 1 mted States, the -last nation which the ^ or ( t r j ( to have to wait upon, was delaying tne , , K , llr ostaljlish peace, but ir would end forever the rule of a few men over the destinies the platform. ^ nave ro w«il uihju, connu,, ot mai ! Reaction Fosters Bolshevism. The treatv he said, not only would of the many. Citing what happened in Europe with the rise of bolshevism. Mr. NVilson said the move of radicalism ami disorder was spreading in a reaction. "Do you honestly think that none of that poison has got into the veins of this free people?" lie asked. Men look you calmlv in the face in America and tell you they are for that sort of revolution. "So long as the question is open ot what kind of peace the world was to have and what guarantees were to be be hind it. remarked the president the pro paganda would continue to spread. Whole World Annoyed. -How long shall we be kept waiting for the answer whether the world will trust ns or despise us?" he continued. "The world stands annoyed because an authority in America hesitates whether it will indorse an American doctrine." The president said he had not been able to work out the solution of various problems un tii lie knew when a peace basis came. The conference of labor anil capital in Washington, next, month. he continued also would hive its de to the liberations affected by the answe their question. Labor "all over world is waiting." he asserted, "to see how soon the 1 niteii States accepted the treaty's provision for an international labor organization. U. S. Labor Mortified. The United Stat •ou Id not participai said the president, n the world labor conference to be held in Washington soon under the treaty, unless the treaty was accepted bv this country. Such a con dition would be "inconceivable," he add (Cnntinued on Page Two.) MEXICAN TROUBLES DUE TO U. S. ARMS MAKERS SAYS NOTED SPY; SMUGGLES TOTAL 20 MILLIONS Sew York, Sept. <5.—Betweeu $17. 000.000 and $20.000,000 worth of goods are smuggled annually across the Mex ican border, more than one-fourth of which are arras and ammunition, ac cording to a statement issued here, to day. by the National association for the Protection of American rights in Mex ico, giving Dr. D. P. Altendorf, former member of the I'nited States military j intelligence department, as authority. ; Responsibility for the "devilitries of Villa and other bandits was placed by 1 T N DISH'S RISE L _ _ _ .. _ ^prUCe Man 1 ellS Probe r teBtimonv . her( . todav before thp cnr> . . gressional investigating wartime spruce operations in the Northwest, Brigadier (; eti( . ra j Brice P. Disque, retired, declar , ^ tl!lt J ' lhn D. Ryan, who obtained fnr 1,]m presidency of Amsrnek One Tract Acquired tc Make Road Pay. Portland, Sept. €>.—In concluding his Co.. of New York, at a salary of $30. 000 a year also recommended him to the secretary of war for the brigadier generalship. Ryan formerly was head of the aircraft board and is a directory of the Milwaukee railroad, which also has figured in testimony connected with the construction of spruce railroads ir Washington. Changed Mind on Routes. According to the general, Mr Ryai ann , 1un( . e d at a banquet given to officers ^ S p ruce division in Portland, July 10, 101S, that he intended to recommend that Disque be made a brigadier general. Disque also testified, today, in reply to questions bv Congressman James F rear, - h b t j brother and a cousin in General Disque was on the siand dur H route he nytted th ing most of today s session, answer j ns questions about his decision not to construct the spruce railroad in Clal lam county, Wash., by the Deep creek ' 1 had first approved. He ad that he had changed his mind after talking to officials of the Mil waukee railroad, who approved the route finally adopted. The witness stated that the govern ment could have compelled the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad to extend its line via Deep creek to the same stand of spruce which the logging railroad entered by another route. Got Tract to Give Road Value. Fnder cross-examination by Congress man McOee. of New York. General Disque admitted that the Blodgett tract of timber in Lincoln county, Oregon, was acquired after the armistice had been signed, in order to give value to a "3-mile railroad built by the Warren Spruce company to the tract. He stat ed that the government had threaten ed to commandeer the tract With reference to the mill built at Toledo, Oregon, the general testified that it was built to manufacture into airplane lumber spruce to be obtained from the Blodgett tract, and that the amount of spruce available, 850.000. «00 feet would have kept them all in operation for 600 days, owing to th early end of the war, the mill was not used. That the north and south spruce lines of the government, in Lincoln county, are not properly located for the tapping of the larger areas of spruce and. in the unprejudiced judgment of lumber men and residents of Lincoln county, the two lines should never have been built, was other testimony given, today. before the commitee George M. Hall. Walter E. Ball, and B. Gildner. all resident and practical timber men of Lincoln county, virtually (Continued on rage Two.) Altendorf at the door of Ameruau manufacturers of arms and ammunition who "work hand in baud with the smug S< incidentlv. he declared, that re negade was responsible for the attack on Viuerican troops at Carribal in June. lPHi. when two American officers and IT» men were killed and L\'! wounded. I)r. Altendorf said that, the Mexican» who made the attack were short of atn munition, but obtained supplies through th r renegade who, he claimed smuggled? worth ac.oss the borde».