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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE EDITORIAL SOCIETY AUTOMOBILES WOMEN'S GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 30, 1919 GERMANS GRAB AI 11 S. TREATY REJECTION AS AT A STRAW GET-RICH-QUICK CRAZE IS BOOMING THE STOCK EXCHANGE IN LONDON Stocks Are Being Sold As Fast as Printing Press Can Make Them. People Who Made Pro fits During War Trying to Increase Them Now. By JOHN STEELE. Cable to Great Falls Daily Tribune and Chicago Tribune. Copyright. 1919. London, Nov. 29.—The Lon don stock exchange is experienc ing a boom greater than any thing in its histoij. The get rich-quick craze has struck the British people and the company promoter is having the time of his lifp m-npkc arp hoi no- cnlH "IS otOCKS are Demg sola as fast as the printing presses can turn them out and while some of them no doubt represent value, a good many represent only good wSite paner spoiled. In one day this week only one daily paper contained the prospectuses of new companies calling for the subscription of capital to the amount of over $70,000, 000 and this only represented a fraction of the new flotation on that day. There are two reasons for this tre mendous after-the-War boom in stock flotation. One is that there are hun dreds of thousands of people who have made money during the war, have saved some of it and are looking for profitable investment. I robatty three-quarters of them have had no experience in invest ment and are easy narks for the clever promoter. Anything ;hat looks good can tie sold today with a ninimum of investi garion. ... ,, ,, . , Another reason is that a;l flotation of new companies was stopped by law dur ing the war and this prohibition extended even to the increase of -apital of sound existing undertakings. There is there fore a large accumulation of perfectly legitimate enterprises whbh have been waiting for the end of the \-ar for flota lion and hundreds of old companies which wanted fresh capital for extension and betterment have also been waiting. Now that the ban is off all these have flocked into the market. Women are flocking into the market, and buying freely both for investment and speculation. Many stock brokers have opened special women's derart Dealers Overwhelmed by Rush When Yuletide Loosens Ban. Cable to Great Falls Daily Tribune, Chicago Tribune anrl New York Times, Copyright, 1919. London, Nov. 27.—The removal of nil restrictions on the quantity of Sctoch whiskv on the market led to an extra ordinary demonstration of the hold that particular form of drink has on the British public. It has surprised the gov ernment, overwhelmed the dealers and thrown a chill of horror into the "pussy foots." For three years sales of Scotch whisky j have been strictly limited. To retailers : was allowed only a moderate percentage j of the number of bottles they had sold in : the beginning of the war and the spirits i were reduced in strength by K0 per cent | and increased in price by 150 per cent, For u large part of the population, j Scotch whisky almost ceased to exist, j Then on Monday, came the bombshell. | A member to please his constituents, nsked a perfunctory question about re laxing restrictions. The most sanguine of the newspapers expected merely a slight increase in the supply but the food controller arose and with a pleasant al lusion to Christmas, asserted the public might buv all the whisky it pleased. The effect was instantaneous and marvelous. Every one rushed to the spirit cellars. Queues were formed be fore stores, ambulances and vans were kept driving up, mail orders were sent in by the score. Men who for months had not had a bottle in their houses, de manded half a dozen nt once and club stewards hurried to fill up their dim inishing stocks. Two Leaders Chosen for Haase Socialists Berlin, Nov. 20.—Asemblymen Al fred Penk, an editor of Bremen, and Fritz Geyer have been elected presidents of the independent socialist faction, with equal rights to succeed the late Hugo Ilaase as leader of the independent so cialist party in the reichstag, according to the Tageblatt. British General's Decree! Raises Storm of Protest. i Karabagh. announcing that everything ! was ready in the Zangezur for a revolt ! a s am,5t tbe I?ak " power. Had p,an of Action - Colonel Guseinoff in the alleged letter 1S g a j,j t0 have sketched out a plan for a By LADISLAU CZAPSKI. Cable to Great l 'ail» Dally Tribune and Chicago Tribune. Copyright. 1919. Constantinople, Nov. 20.—via Taris Nov. 29.—When General Shuttleworth us commander-in-chief of the British troops of occupation in the Azerbaijan decreed that the Zangezur must ac knowledge Azerbaijan rule pending the peace conferences' decision he raised a storm of protest among the Armenians. At a congress in Gerusi. capital of the Zangezur. they declared they would never recognize Azerbaijan authority. The following day Tartar soldiers made a discovery showing that the Ar menians were ready to back their pro test with rifles and machine guns. On the body of an Armenian said to have been drowned in the Akhara river, they found a letter from Colonel Melick (ius einoff, commander of the Armenian armed forces in the Zangezur. and ad dressed to the Armenian leaders in the concerted guerrilla campaign and he him self was to march from the wej»t of Shu sha where he would attack the bands un der Maxim Sultanoff, governor general of the Karabagh. No revolt ever occurred. But by this ! time the food situation in the Zangezur was desperate enough to account for an insurrection, had one taken place. Ear lier in the summer General Shuttleworth had authorized Governor General Xul tanoff to set up a food blockade around i the Zangezur in the hope that hunger I would bring the Armenians back to their | senses. Sultanoff's Tartars also com • |,i P t 0( j (he Zangezur district's isolation ; from Erivan by cutting the military road j from <; erus i t o Kvlakh as well as the j railroad from Tabriz to Erivan. This I ! operation left the Armenians high and i <j r y among their mountains, with no j means of communication with the Ar ] menian government in Erivan and like I wile none with their compatriots east of I j^e border, in the Karabagh. | Raids Are Program. ! For two months Tartar raids on Ar j menian village and vice versa were the ] order of the day. The Tartars under j Kassim Bey, about 2,000 strong and i armed with rifles and machine guns, ; plundered and burned four Armenian vil > lages. In this raid alone 20 Armenian j women and children were killed. That i night the whole region of Shusha was [illumined by the flames. Maxin Sultan j off. the Tartar chieftain, watched the j attack from the balcony of his house in ; Shusha and by his side stood Dr. Byron j Harmon, a graduate of the University of with the American relief association, to stop the useless bloodshed. The British liatl only a small detachment of Indian ; troops at hand and nothing was done, : Seveu villages were wiped out as a re J suit. ; More than -13.000 Armenians, refugees 1 from Turkish Armenia, live in the Kara j bagh, at the mercy of Sultanoff and the , Baku government, which has itself under taken to carry on relief work from funds subscribed in Baku and other towns in j the Azerbaijan. The American relief : committee for the near east has since j abandoned its work in the Azerbaijan : but up to the time when the Baku cabi i net assumed relief responsibilities the | Americans distributed bread and flour to the refugees. There are grave dangers that thousands of these people, most of j them women and children, will starve to death or freeze during the winter. Pennsylvania who was in charge of the American hospital maintained in that town by the committee for relief in the near east. Sultanoff was drunk, and as the flames mounted higher and higher his glee increased. "That's the way to get rid of the swine," the chieftain kept repeating. Attacks on villages became frequent. The villages of Karababa, Agancourt and Anarek were raided and burned by the Tartars. They were driven back by the Armenians but before this could be done they massacred several groups of women. Cannot Stop Them. There was much bloody fighting in the north around Anshavam where the Azer baijanese occupied the crest of a hill commanding Armenian grain fields. All , that resulted was a long list of casual- i ties and the Armenian bishop of Shusha | appealed to the British military mission to the American committee of relief and i to Captain Itarton, who then worked ; Austrian Art Works Are Not to Be Sold Cable to Great Fall* Dally Tribune, Chicago Tribune anil New York Time«. Copyright, 1919. Geneva, Nov. 20.-—Owing to the pro test of the subcommission of the repa rations commission the Vienna scheme for selling the art works of the imperial house has been given up as it is alleged to be a contravention of the peace treaty. The position of the present Austrian gov ernment is weakened owing to the des perate food situation and it is generally expected the government will resign if speedy relief Is not forthcoming. The people are deeply depressed on account of the passive attitude of the supreme council at Paris which so far did not re spond to the numerous appeals by State Chancellor Renner. HUNGARY APPOINTS PEACE DELEGATION Budapest, Nov. 29.—(By the Associat ed Press)—The Hungarian government has appointed a peace delegation to ne gotiate a treaty between the allied pow ers and Hungary. FRANCE TO CHOOSE TENTH PRESIDENT, TIGER CLEMENCEAU'S NAME PROMINENT Nr-vis m m mmk *< m *1$ mm m mm m f m m r '% <9 m KT Wi ? V* j j I ; ; ; V Above, left to right, Stephen Plchon. Senator Charles Jonnart, Georges Clemenceau. Below, left to right, R^ne Vlviani (walking) Marshal Foch, Paul Palnleve. In center, below, is Alex ander Ribot Premier Clemenceau s overwhelming victory in the recent election of members î r e~< Masked Bands of Sinn BUTTLE, STALK L Feiners Terrorize Countryside. By GEORGE SELDES. Cable to Great Fallu Dally Tribune and Chicago Tribune. Copyright, 1919. Dublin, Nov. 27.—"Ireland is terror ized. It's seething with crime. Let me tell you one thing. It Is no longer safe to go about in the king's uniform." The speaker is Colonel William Tay lor, at one time president of the college of surneons Colonel Taylor's view Is quoted first becauso It expresses tho chief complaint against the Sinn Fein or volunteer or ganization. The commanders of the army of occu pation and of the metropolitan police and their subordinate officers declare it is a ! j shame "to pot a constable in the dark." They contend that Sinn Fein is not dis avowing crimes against the military but condones them. In State of War. Some Sinn Fein lenders declare simply that to understand the causes of battles, murder and sudden death in Ireland, one must first accept the republican conten tion that Ireland has declared war and is in a state of war with England. In reply to Secretary MacPherson's statement on crime in the house of commons, the Sinn Fein issues an enormous list of police and military crime against the political leaders and private citizens of Ireland. And meanwhile sentries are shot. British ammunition depots are raided, masked men terrorize the countryside, military terrorize villages, meetings are suppressed, scores of persons arrested, scores of leaders cast into Mount Joy prison, excesses are committed in prison, police are boyeotted, army officers are ostracised and everywhere the fires of rebellion smoulder, leap up and die down only to break forth again when oppor tunity permits. Police in Crowds. The police in Dublin now patrol their beat^tn twos and threes. Tue soldiery, m & to the chamber of deputies gives rise to the rumor that the ''Tiger" will be the j against whom resentment is not so deep because Stnn Fein hopes tn win many over in tho next rebellion, go about in groups. But lite king's uniform, as Col onel Taylor said, invites trouble. Baiding is the chief avocation of both sides. When nothing else presses them, both constabulary and volunteers know of man} - places where arms and ammtini tion may be found. The former want to protect their own lives by cornering the visible and invisible market. The latter 1 know that without the utensils of war j making their strength is nil in these ma chine war days. I The Sinn Fein, or volunteers, usually I go masked. This, say the military, is merely the Irish love for pageantry and ! romancing exhibiting itself. The raiders ! say it is to protect them from capture : and British jails. The constabulary does jits raiding frequently by dav and onlv in safe groups. They have no help from : the countryside. In fact, opinion is so' ; unanimous against them that there have beene cases where every grownup per I son in a village knew the name of a man ! who shot a constable and not one would testify. Liable to^Arrest. Every member of the Dail Elreann is liable to arrest any day in the week. Of 73 parliamentarians no less than till have I been in Mount Joy or other jails. The ; records shown 38 imprisoned without trial for periods from three to 18 months and many others tried by courtsniartiai, all under tho defense of the realm act. Se ditious utterances, holding meetings, sell ing Dail bonds, and similar charges have They I sent a majority to imprisonment | ar '' members of all creeds, Presbyterians Episcopalians as well as Catholics ! Despite all thi» crime a stranger in j Ireland goes about freely and safely. They're Getting Lazy Over in Germany Now ■ ble to Great Fail* Dally Tribune and Chicago Tribune. Copyright, 1919. Berlin, Nov. 29.—How seriously Ger manv's post war production is crippled by "arbeitsunlast" or the lack of a desire to work, was shown today in a report of the Association of Machine Tool Manu facturers on the experiences of the mem bers with labor during the war. It shows that the average amount of work per <lav per laborer dropped steadily during 1914, 1015, 191G, recovered materially in 1917 when the "nindenburg program" was followed, and then in 1P1S dropped to 20 per cent of what it had been in 1913. Some manufacturers say lhat it has not increased materially in 1919 and many of the most conservative employers say that today it does not exceed ßü per cent of the 1913 figure. next president of France. The Bloc Na tionale, grouping the parties which have backed Clemenceau, obtained over 500 of the 620 seats in the senate- The presi dential election in parliament is held in January. No candidates are definitely named before the deputies and senate meet to elect the president, but several men are talked of as possibilities. The list includes, besides Jonnart, Senator Stephen Piehon, Senator Jules I'ams, _ „ France's tenth president. Deschanel, Senator Alexander Ribot, Deputy Rene ^ mam, I eputy I aul I amleve. Antonm Dubost and Marshall I he man finally chosen will bei ; ! ! ; j j i j ; j i : PARISIAN LIFE, Persian Ruler Having Time of His Life in France. j By HENRY WALES. Cable to Great Falls Dally Tribune and ChiruRo Tribune. Copyright. 11119. Paris, Nov. 29.—The Shah of Persia is extremely young and uncommonly fat. He is just past 21 and weighs 23ft pounds. Escorted by British officers, the boy shah has been enjoying himself in Paris for several weeks. He has a large suite of rooms at the Hotel Meurice, where the Ä & trip to Paris The shah was invited to a tea at the Ritz, at which a number of notables were present. The boy potentate drank three cups of chocolate, ate six caviar sand wiches, had two cups of tea and then eight assorted cakes. During this light repast tho shah was presented to an American girl, who for merly served with the Red Cross and is now studying art in Montparnasse. "How do you manage to keep thin?" the sliah inquired, as tho American girl was velte and willowy. "By dancinjr nearly all night and get ting up early in the mornings," the girl replied. Weil, then I'll be always fat." the shah sighed, "because I don't know liow to dance and I can't get up early in the morning." Then he reached for the tray and chose his ninth cake—a chocolate eclair. FRENCH FLIER ON WAY TO AUSTRALIA NEARS BOMBAY Paris, Nov. 29.—Lieutenant Etienne Poulet, military avitor, who left hare Oc tober 13 on a flight to Melbourne, Aus tralia, left Karachi, India, for Bombay, this morning. Engine trouble developed, however, nnd he was forced to descend wh/n but half the proposed journey had been cqinpleted. COAL STRIKES HERE Normal Consumption Is 200,000 Tons Month, Cut to 60,000. Cable to Great Fall« Dally Tribune and Chicago Tribune. Copyright 1919. Copenhagen, Nov. 29.—Coal strikes in America and England have brought a se rious turn to the coal situation in Den mark. Denmark's coal consumption. regulated by war conditions, is normally 200,000 tons per month. One-half of this was supplied for a time by Englanu and Germany. Since the armistice and imposition of obligations on Germany to supply the al lies with coal, Germany has ceased ex porting coal to Denmark. At the same time the railroad and coal st rikes in England have caused the j British exports to Denmark to fail as j low as 60,000 tons in October. Some small relief or assistance has I been received from America in the form ; of coal shipments, which in June. July and August of this year, when Denmark ; received 8,000. 23,000 and 12,000 tons of coal respectively from America. The grade was high and it gave great satis ; faction. The high freight rates, how ever, made if impossible to dispose any ^reat quantities of American coal in Denmark at the presen t ocea n rates. -j-, I—, , 7 . 1 WentV-r lve- Year lVlan J PIES WANT GALfCIA PER1BENTLY, WILE MAKE FIE IPPEIL date Not Satisfactory to Populace. Paris. By HENRY WALES. Cirea-t lull* Dally Tribune and Chicago Triban«*. Nov. 23.—Polish headquarters here tell me that the granting of Ga Hcia for ^"year's as mandate for Poland j s unsatisfactory and that Galacia must be awarded to the Poles permanently. It is believed Premier Paderewski > may return to Paris before the supreme council breaks up to make a final up pcal to "save Poland" by granting Ga licia to that state definitely. The British will never accept the pro position of giving Poland Galicia out right and I understand the I'nited States would not support this project either. I Galicia chiefly is populated with Hutb ! enians, who it is expected will wish to ; amalgamate with the great mass of ! Ruthenians in Ukraine eventually if Russia splits up into small states and 'the I'karine becomes independent. Tho Poles are maneuvering to be in a position to absorb the T'kraine also if ! that event occurs and it is to prevent i this that the British object to giving ! Galicia to Poland. * ! The French favor granting Galicia to j Poland and would also favor federating ! Galicia to Poland, giving the intermedi ] ate province of Bessarabia to Rumania, j thus creating strong buffer states i against German aggression to the east ward and erecting a bulwark against i Teuton aggression toward Russia. ! ADMIRAL RESIGNS AS D'ANNUNZIO GOVERNOR Rome. Nov. 29.—Rear Admiral Enrico Millo, who has acted as D'Annunzio's governor of Dalmatia as well as com ! mander of the occupation forces iu that I country, has resigned the former office. i i IT'S LIKE OLD TIMES i Tonnage Is Not Nearly What It Was Before j ' ! j j j War, However. By PARKE BROWN. Cable to Great Falls Dally Tribune And Cbleaito Tribune. Copyright 1919. Hamburg, Nov. 29.—Hamburg is once more beginning to look like a real sea port. Docks and wharves long idle have occasional periods of activity that resi dents of the city say "look like old times." The tonnage is not yet anything like the pre-war figures hut the ship interests are much encouraged by the slow building up process that has been under wav for the last two months. In addition to the New York freighters of the Hamburg American. the vessels of a small line now are running to the Mediterranean, touching at Spanish and Italian ports. Before long there will be a similar ser vice to Mexico and the West Indies and possibly to the Levant-Greek, Turkish, Bulgarian and South Russian ports. A Japanese line is already in operation and there is reason to believe the English will soon be operating between Hamburg and Grimsby. . There also is apparently a bip increase in the number of 'tramps coming into Hamburg ' I | ! j A .SSert j Cable j American Senate's Ac* tion to Be Used as Basis of Propaganda. Claim That It Places Teutons in an Unfair Position. By EDWIN L. JAMES. to Great Kall» Dally Tribune, j Chicago Tribune and Ne«- ïork Time», ; Copyright, 1919. j Paris, Nov. 29.— Herr Voll o ; m q n n rarriprl inqtrnctiona i ^ 1 m ® 0 " c »friea lnStrUCllOHS i from Baron von Lersner, tha r V,i P f n f firman npnw HpIp . 1 C " i ® 1 °* merman peace dele-» I gation, tO diSCUSS With President gbert an( j h j s ca binet the Situa of«.. . tlOTl gfTOWing Ollt Ol the action OX I the American senate on the Ver«, ■ sailles treaty. 1 While the Germans are ex* j pressing profound regret and disappoint ment that the senate did not ratify tha treaty it is understood that they plan to j profit by the senate action. It is said ; that they intend to make a progaganda ! campaign in the point that is unfair to j Germanv to have the treaty go into ef fect witnout American participation in it» ; enforcement and especially on the repa ration commission. It is the Germans' contention thatr g i£u e( i a treaty by which certain' . burdens were to be placed upon them by America, England, France and Italy, tenth th*» 1 wi^h the lesser allies and that, the treaty I is not valid if America does not partici ; pate in this vrork. In this contention i there is but one court to which the Ger« ; mans may appeal, the court of publia ' opinion in all countries and that is thf> ! court to which they will in all probabi!« ity appeal. Will Get an Audienc«. To accomplish this end it is predicted that Germany will prolong her objections to the protocol terms rot so much with the idea that she can obtain n change in them but with the idea that this coursa will direct the world's attention to thf» Berlin government and thus makes io certain that its wail about the enforce-« ment of the treaty will be heard. This is now what is expected. Whether rightly or not Germany re* cards America as the velvet on the allied nammer. It was America at the peac* conference which kept France from ex* tending tyer boundaries to the Rhine. 10 was American influence which softened the reparation requirements and natu rally Germany does not want the velvet taken off the allied hammer at this time. If it is to be taken off anyhow she in« .. , . , . . „ . . • . , ... j t0 object to the extent ot her abil« j - v ; , . . , , ; As for the American peace delegation» ! 8ca , r( : ply know where they stand. i L bex [. ^ atus depends on advice fron» j 8 '"ngton. Need Ruling on Army. j A prompt ruling is also needed on th* status of American troops on the Rhine, | Under the treaty the control of the Rhin* ; passes to the interallied Rhineland corn . mission when the treaty becomes effect« ! ive. America will not be represented on j that commission. The allies will be at . peace with Germany after December 1, j but America will not. This tangle leave* I the situation of General Allen's command at Coblenz clouded. Anything Washing ton wishes to do about the situation wi'I probably be fully acceptable to the allies. And what are Frenchmen thinking of America? There is a word of Amer ican slang which well expresses theit» feeling. They are "sore." All they car» see in the situation is that America has gone back on the bargain she made, la that bargain France made sacrifices be« cause America asked her to and in re turn for American promises, and now, it is said, America has stepped out from under. Includes Prominent Men. Tho feeling of resent is not confined to the man of the street. I met this morning a Frenchman of high official po sition well known in America, lle'shook hands and said: "So the senate Is in favor of America's not meddling in European affairs. Well so are we." As to the governments of the almost numberless nations whose diplomats await at Paris the fate of their peoples, these men have not the knowledge of tho English and French diplomats upon which to base patience. America, their big hope, has vanished from their scheme of things so far as they can see and they are^ benumbed. Now it is asked will the diplomat« of the newly created nations hold off thei*" enemies without their great big friend nt! court. They would like to have that question answered. Hungarian Cabinet Is From All Parties Cable f Great Fall» Daily Tribun«. ChU-aco Tribune and New York Time.. Copyright, T9T9. Vienna, Nov. 29.—The new Hungarian cabinet is formed on the representa tives of all political parties. A Christian socialist, Carl Hussar, is premier, white his predecessor. Friederieh, who is to bo war se<Tetary, is of monarchist tendency. According |o a Belgrade report tho Jugo-Slavs, Czecho-Slovaks and Poles ha^e granted to the British export tradf to these countries.