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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, November 30, 1919, Image 21

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PART TWO
GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
EDITORIAL SOCIETY
AUTOMOBILES
WOMEN'S
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 30, 1919
GERMANS GRAB AI 11 S. TREATY REJECTION AS AT A STRAW
GET-RICH-QUICK CRAZE IS BOOMING THE STOCK EXCHANGE IN LONDON
Stocks Are Being Sold
As Fast as Printing
Press Can Make Them.
People Who Made Pro
fits During War Trying
to Increase Them Now.
By JOHN STEELE.
Cable to Great Falls Daily Tribune and
Chicago Tribune.
Copyright. 1919.
London, Nov. 29.—The Lon
don stock exchange is experienc
ing a boom greater than any
thing in its histoij. The get
rich-quick craze has struck the
British people and the company
promoter is having the time of
his lifp m-npkc arp hoi no- cnlH
"IS otOCKS are Demg sola
as fast as the printing presses
can turn them out and while
some of them no doubt represent value,
a good many represent only good wSite
paner spoiled.
In one day this week only one daily
paper contained the prospectuses of new
companies calling for the subscription of
capital to the amount of over $70,000,
000 and this only represented a fraction
of the new flotation on that day.
There are two reasons for this tre
mendous after-the-War boom in stock
flotation. One is that there are hun
dreds of thousands of people who have
made money during the war, have saved
some of it and are looking for profitable
investment. I robatty three-quarters of
them have had no experience in invest
ment and are easy narks for the clever
promoter. Anything ;hat looks good can
tie sold today with a ninimum of investi
garion. ... ,, ,, . ,
Another reason is that a;l flotation of
new companies was stopped by law dur
ing the war and this prohibition extended
even to the increase of -apital of sound
existing undertakings. There is there
fore a large accumulation of perfectly
legitimate enterprises whbh have been
waiting for the end of the \-ar for flota
lion and hundreds of old companies which
wanted fresh capital for extension and
betterment have also been waiting.
Now that the ban is off all these have
flocked into the market.
Women are flocking into the market,
and buying freely both for investment
and speculation. Many stock brokers
have opened special women's derart
Dealers Overwhelmed by
Rush When Yuletide
Loosens Ban.
Cable to Great Falls Daily Tribune,
Chicago Tribune anrl New York Times,
Copyright, 1919.
London, Nov. 27.—The removal of nil
restrictions on the quantity of Sctoch
whiskv on the market led to an extra
ordinary demonstration of the hold that
particular form of drink has on the
British public. It has surprised the gov
ernment, overwhelmed the dealers and
thrown a chill of horror into the "pussy
foots."
For three years sales of Scotch whisky j
have been strictly limited. To retailers :
was allowed only a moderate percentage j
of the number of bottles they had sold in :
the beginning of the war and the spirits i
were reduced in strength by K0 per cent |
and increased in price by 150 per cent,
For u large part of the population, j
Scotch whisky almost ceased to exist, j
Then on Monday, came the bombshell. |
A member to please his constituents,
nsked a perfunctory question about re
laxing restrictions. The most sanguine
of the newspapers expected merely a
slight increase in the supply but the food
controller arose and with a pleasant al
lusion to Christmas, asserted the public
might buv all the whisky it pleased.
The effect was instantaneous and
marvelous. Every one rushed to the
spirit cellars. Queues were formed be
fore stores, ambulances and vans were
kept driving up, mail orders were sent
in by the score. Men who for months
had not had a bottle in their houses, de
manded half a dozen nt once and club
stewards hurried to fill up their dim
inishing stocks.
Two Leaders Chosen
for Haase Socialists
Berlin, Nov. 20.—Asemblymen Al
fred Penk, an editor of Bremen, and
Fritz Geyer have been elected presidents
of the independent socialist faction, with
equal rights to succeed the late Hugo
Ilaase as leader of the independent so
cialist party in the reichstag, according
to the Tageblatt.
British General's Decree!
Raises Storm of
Protest.
i Karabagh. announcing that everything
! was ready in the Zangezur for a revolt
! a s am,5t tbe I?ak " power.
Had p,an of Action -
Colonel Guseinoff in the alleged letter
1S g a j,j t0 have sketched out a plan for a
By LADISLAU CZAPSKI.
Cable to Great l 'ail» Dally Tribune and
Chicago Tribune.
Copyright. 1919.
Constantinople, Nov. 20.—via Taris
Nov. 29.—When General Shuttleworth
us commander-in-chief of the British
troops of occupation in the Azerbaijan
decreed that the Zangezur must ac
knowledge Azerbaijan rule pending the
peace conferences' decision he raised a
storm of protest among the Armenians.
At a congress in Gerusi. capital of the
Zangezur. they declared they would never
recognize Azerbaijan authority.
The following day Tartar soldiers
made a discovery showing that the Ar
menians were ready to back their pro
test with rifles and machine guns. On
the body of an Armenian said to have
been drowned in the Akhara river, they
found a letter from Colonel Melick (ius
einoff, commander of the Armenian
armed forces in the Zangezur. and ad
dressed to the Armenian leaders in the
concerted guerrilla campaign and he him
self was to march from the wej»t of Shu
sha where he would attack the bands un
der Maxim Sultanoff, governor general
of the Karabagh.
No revolt ever occurred. But by this !
time the food situation in the Zangezur
was desperate enough to account for an
insurrection, had one taken place. Ear
lier in the summer General Shuttleworth
had authorized Governor General Xul
tanoff to set up a food blockade around i
the Zangezur in the hope that hunger
I would bring the Armenians back to their
| senses. Sultanoff's Tartars also com
• |,i P t 0( j (he Zangezur district's isolation
; from Erivan by cutting the military road
j from <; erus i t o Kvlakh as well as the
j railroad from Tabriz to Erivan. This I
! operation left the Armenians high and
i <j r y among their mountains, with no
j means of communication with the Ar
] menian government in Erivan and like
I wile none with their compatriots east of
I j^e border, in the Karabagh.
| Raids Are Program.
! For two months Tartar raids on Ar
j menian village and vice versa were the
] order of the day. The Tartars under
j Kassim Bey, about 2,000 strong and
i armed with rifles and machine guns,
; plundered and burned four Armenian vil
> lages. In this raid alone 20 Armenian
j women and children were killed. That i
night the whole region of Shusha was
[illumined by the flames. Maxin Sultan
j off. the Tartar chieftain, watched the
j attack from the balcony of his house in
; Shusha and by his side stood Dr. Byron
j Harmon, a graduate of the University of
with the American relief association, to
stop the useless bloodshed. The British
liatl only a small detachment of Indian
; troops at hand and nothing was done,
: Seveu villages were wiped out as a re
J suit.
; More than -13.000 Armenians, refugees
1 from Turkish Armenia, live in the Kara
j bagh, at the mercy of Sultanoff and the
, Baku government, which has itself under
taken to carry on relief work from funds
subscribed in Baku and other towns in
j the Azerbaijan. The American relief
: committee for the near east has since
j abandoned its work in the Azerbaijan
: but up to the time when the Baku cabi
i net assumed relief responsibilities the
| Americans distributed bread and flour
to the refugees. There are grave dangers
that thousands of these people, most of
j them women and children, will starve to
death or freeze during the winter.
Pennsylvania who was in charge of the
American hospital maintained in that
town by the committee for relief in the
near east. Sultanoff was drunk, and
as the flames mounted higher and higher
his glee increased.
"That's the way to get rid of the
swine," the chieftain kept repeating.
Attacks on villages became frequent.
The villages of Karababa, Agancourt and
Anarek were raided and burned by the
Tartars. They were driven back by the
Armenians but before this could be done
they massacred several groups of women.
Cannot Stop Them.
There was much bloody fighting in the
north around Anshavam where the Azer
baijanese occupied the crest of a hill
commanding Armenian grain fields. All ,
that resulted was a long list of casual- i
ties and the Armenian bishop of Shusha |
appealed to the British military mission
to the American committee of relief and i
to Captain Itarton, who then worked ;
Austrian Art Works
Are Not to Be Sold
Cable to Great Fall* Dally Tribune,
Chicago Tribune anil New York Time«.
Copyright, 1919.
Geneva, Nov. 20.-—Owing to the pro
test of the subcommission of the repa
rations commission the Vienna scheme
for selling the art works of the imperial
house has been given up as it is alleged
to be a contravention of the peace treaty.
The position of the present Austrian gov
ernment is weakened owing to the des
perate food situation and it is generally
expected the government will resign if
speedy relief Is not forthcoming. The
people are deeply depressed on account
of the passive attitude of the supreme
council at Paris which so far did not re
spond to the numerous appeals by State
Chancellor Renner.
HUNGARY APPOINTS
PEACE DELEGATION
Budapest, Nov. 29.—(By the Associat
ed Press)—The Hungarian government
has appointed a peace delegation to ne
gotiate a treaty between the allied pow
ers and Hungary.
FRANCE TO CHOOSE TENTH PRESIDENT,
TIGER CLEMENCEAU'S NAME PROMINENT
Nr-vis
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Above, left to right, Stephen Plchon.
Senator Charles Jonnart, Georges
Clemenceau. Below, left to right, R^ne
Vlviani (walking) Marshal Foch, Paul
Palnleve. In center, below, is Alex
ander Ribot
Premier Clemenceau s overwhelming
victory in the recent election of members
î r e~<
Masked Bands of Sinn
BUTTLE, STALK
L
Feiners Terrorize
Countryside.
By GEORGE SELDES.
Cable to Great Fallu Dally Tribune and
Chicago Tribune.
Copyright, 1919.
Dublin, Nov. 27.—"Ireland is terror
ized. It's seething with crime. Let me
tell you one thing. It Is no longer safe to
go about in the king's uniform."
The speaker is Colonel William Tay
lor, at one time president of the college
of surneons
Colonel Taylor's view Is quoted first
becauso It expresses tho chief complaint
against the Sinn Fein or volunteer or
ganization.
The commanders of the army of occu
pation and of the metropolitan police and
their subordinate officers declare it is a
!
j
shame "to pot a constable in the dark."
They contend that Sinn Fein is not dis
avowing crimes against the military but
condones them.
In State of War.
Some Sinn Fein lenders declare simply
that to understand the causes of battles,
murder and sudden death in Ireland, one
must first accept the republican conten
tion that Ireland has declared war and is
in a state of war with England. In reply
to Secretary MacPherson's statement on
crime in the house of commons, the Sinn
Fein issues an enormous list of police
and military crime against the political
leaders and private citizens of Ireland.
And meanwhile sentries are shot.
British ammunition depots are raided,
masked men terrorize the countryside,
military terrorize villages, meetings are
suppressed, scores of persons arrested,
scores of leaders cast into Mount Joy
prison, excesses are committed in prison,
police are boyeotted, army officers are
ostracised and everywhere the fires of
rebellion smoulder, leap up and die down
only to break forth again when oppor
tunity permits.
Police in Crowds.
The police in Dublin now patrol their
beat^tn twos and threes. Tue soldiery,
m
&
to the chamber of deputies gives rise to
the rumor that the ''Tiger" will be the j
against whom resentment is not so deep
because Stnn Fein hopes tn win many
over in tho next rebellion, go about in
groups. But lite king's uniform, as Col
onel Taylor said, invites trouble.
Baiding is the chief avocation of both
sides. When nothing else presses them,
both constabulary and volunteers know
of man} - places where arms and ammtini
tion may be found. The former want to
protect their own lives by cornering the
visible and invisible market. The latter
1 know that without the utensils of war
j making their strength is nil in these ma
chine war days.
I The Sinn Fein, or volunteers, usually
I go masked. This, say the military, is
merely the Irish love for pageantry and
! romancing exhibiting itself. The raiders
! say it is to protect them from capture
: and British jails. The constabulary does
jits raiding frequently by dav and onlv in
safe groups. They have no help from
: the countryside. In fact, opinion is so'
; unanimous against them that there have
beene cases where every grownup per
I son in a village knew the name of a man
! who shot a constable and not one would
testify.
Liable to^Arrest.
Every member of the Dail Elreann is
liable to arrest any day in the week. Of
73 parliamentarians no less than till have
I been in Mount Joy or other jails. The
; records shown 38 imprisoned without trial
for periods from three to 18 months and
many others tried by courtsniartiai, all
under tho defense of the realm act. Se
ditious utterances, holding meetings, sell
ing Dail bonds, and similar charges have
They
I sent a majority to imprisonment
| ar '' members of all creeds, Presbyterians
Episcopalians as well as Catholics
! Despite all thi» crime a stranger in
j Ireland goes about freely and safely.
They're Getting Lazy
Over in Germany Now
■ ble to Great Fail* Dally Tribune
and Chicago Tribune.
Copyright, 1919.
Berlin, Nov. 29.—How seriously Ger
manv's post war production is crippled by
"arbeitsunlast" or the lack of a desire to
work, was shown today in a report of
the Association of Machine Tool Manu
facturers on the experiences of the mem
bers with labor during the war. It shows
that the average amount of work per <lav
per laborer dropped steadily during 1914,
1015, 191G, recovered materially in 1917
when the "nindenburg program" was
followed, and then in 1P1S dropped to 20
per cent of what it had been in 1913.
Some manufacturers say lhat it has not
increased materially in 1919 and many of
the most conservative employers say that
today it does not exceed ßü per cent of
the 1913 figure.
next president of France. The Bloc Na
tionale, grouping the parties which have
backed Clemenceau, obtained over 500 of
the 620 seats in the senate- The presi
dential election in parliament is held in
January. No candidates are definitely
named before the deputies and senate
meet to elect the president, but several
men are talked of as possibilities. The
list includes, besides Jonnart, Senator
Stephen Piehon, Senator Jules I'ams,
_ „
France's tenth president.
Deschanel, Senator Alexander
Ribot, Deputy Rene ^ mam, I eputy I aul
I amleve. Antonm Dubost and Marshall
I he man finally chosen will bei
;
!
!
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i
:
PARISIAN LIFE,
Persian Ruler Having
Time of His Life in
France.
j
By HENRY WALES.
Cable to Great Falls Dally Tribune and
ChiruRo Tribune.
Copyright. 11119.
Paris, Nov. 29.—The Shah of Persia is
extremely young and uncommonly fat.
He is just past 21 and weighs 23ft pounds.
Escorted by British officers, the boy shah
has been enjoying himself in Paris for
several weeks. He has a large suite of
rooms at the Hotel Meurice, where the
Ä &
trip to Paris
The shah was invited to a tea at the
Ritz, at which a number of notables were
present. The boy potentate drank three
cups of chocolate, ate six caviar sand
wiches, had two cups of tea and then
eight assorted cakes.
During this light repast tho shah was
presented to an American girl, who for
merly served with the Red Cross and is
now studying art in Montparnasse.
"How do you manage to keep thin?"
the sliah inquired, as tho American girl
was velte and willowy.
"By dancinjr nearly all night and get
ting up early in the mornings," the girl
replied.
Weil, then I'll be always fat." the
shah sighed, "because I don't know liow
to dance and I can't get up early in the
morning."
Then he reached for the tray and chose
his ninth cake—a chocolate eclair.
FRENCH FLIER ON WAY
TO AUSTRALIA NEARS BOMBAY
Paris, Nov. 29.—Lieutenant Etienne
Poulet, military avitor, who left hare Oc
tober 13 on a flight to Melbourne, Aus
tralia, left Karachi, India, for Bombay,
this morning. Engine trouble developed,
however, nnd he was forced to descend
wh/n but half the proposed journey had
been cqinpleted.
COAL STRIKES HERE
Normal Consumption Is
200,000 Tons Month,
Cut to 60,000.
Cable to Great Fall« Dally Tribune and
Chicago Tribune.
Copyright 1919.
Copenhagen, Nov. 29.—Coal strikes in
America and England have brought a se
rious turn to the coal situation in Den
mark. Denmark's coal consumption.
regulated by war conditions, is normally
200,000 tons per month. One-half of
this was supplied for a time by Englanu
and Germany.
Since the armistice and imposition of
obligations on Germany to supply the al
lies with coal, Germany has ceased ex
porting coal to Denmark.
At the same time the railroad and
coal st rikes in England have caused the
j British exports to Denmark to fail as
j low as 60,000 tons in October.
Some small relief or assistance has
I been received from America in the form
; of coal shipments, which in June. July
and August of this year, when Denmark
; received 8,000. 23,000 and 12,000 tons
of coal respectively from America. The
grade was high and it gave great satis
; faction. The high freight rates, how
ever, made if impossible to dispose
any ^reat quantities of American coal in
Denmark at the presen t ocea n rates.
-j-, I—, , 7 .
1 WentV-r lve- Year lVlan
J
PIES WANT GALfCIA
PER1BENTLY, WILE
MAKE FIE IPPEIL
date Not Satisfactory
to Populace.
Paris.
By HENRY WALES.
Cirea-t lull* Dally Tribune and
Chicago Triban«*.
Nov. 23.—Polish headquarters
here tell me that the granting of Ga
Hcia for ^"year's as mandate for Poland
j s unsatisfactory and that Galacia must
be awarded to the Poles permanently.
It is believed Premier Paderewski
>
may return to Paris before the supreme
council breaks up to make a final up
pcal to "save Poland" by granting Ga
licia to that state definitely.
The British will never accept the pro
position of giving Poland Galicia out
right and I understand the I'nited States
would not support this project either.
I Galicia chiefly is populated with Hutb
! enians, who it is expected will wish to
; amalgamate with the great mass of
! Ruthenians in Ukraine eventually if
Russia splits up into small states and
'the I'karine becomes independent.
Tho Poles are maneuvering to be in a
position to absorb the T'kraine also if
! that event occurs and it is to prevent
i this that the British object to giving
! Galicia to Poland. *
! The French favor granting Galicia to
j Poland and would also favor federating
! Galicia to Poland, giving the intermedi
] ate province of Bessarabia to Rumania,
j thus creating strong buffer states
i against German aggression to the east
ward and erecting a bulwark against
i Teuton aggression toward Russia.
! ADMIRAL RESIGNS AS
D'ANNUNZIO GOVERNOR
Rome. Nov. 29.—Rear Admiral Enrico
Millo, who has acted as D'Annunzio's
governor of Dalmatia as well as com
! mander of the occupation forces iu that
I country, has resigned the former office.
i
i
IT'S LIKE OLD TIMES
i Tonnage Is Not Nearly
What It Was Before
j
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!
j
j
j
War, However.
By PARKE BROWN.
Cable to Great Falls Dally Tribune And
Cbleaito Tribune.
Copyright 1919.
Hamburg, Nov. 29.—Hamburg is once
more beginning to look like a real sea
port. Docks and wharves long idle have
occasional periods of activity that resi
dents of the city say "look like old
times."
The tonnage is not yet anything like
the pre-war figures hut the ship interests
are much encouraged by the slow building
up process that has been under wav for
the last two months. In addition to the
New York freighters of the Hamburg
American. the vessels of a small line
now are running to the Mediterranean,
touching at Spanish and Italian ports.
Before long there will be a similar ser
vice to Mexico and the West Indies and
possibly to the Levant-Greek, Turkish,
Bulgarian and South Russian ports.
A Japanese line is already in operation
and there is reason to believe the English
will soon be operating between Hamburg
and Grimsby. . There also is apparently
a bip increase in the number of 'tramps
coming into Hamburg '
I
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!
j
A .SSert
j Cable
j American Senate's Ac*
tion to Be Used as Basis
of Propaganda.
Claim That It
Places Teutons in an
Unfair Position.
By EDWIN L. JAMES.
to Great Kall» Dally Tribune,
j Chicago Tribune and Ne«- ïork Time»,
; Copyright, 1919.
j Paris, Nov. 29.— Herr Voll
o ; m q n n rarriprl inqtrnctiona
i ^ 1 m ® 0 " c »friea lnStrUCllOHS
i from Baron von Lersner, tha
r V,i P f n f firman npnw HpIp .
1 C " i ® 1 °* merman peace dele-»
I gation, tO diSCUSS With President
gbert an( j h j s ca binet the Situa
of«.. .
tlOTl gfTOWing Ollt Ol the action OX
I the American senate on the Ver«,
■ sailles treaty.
1 While the Germans are ex*
j pressing profound regret and disappoint
ment that the senate did not ratify tha
treaty it is understood that they plan to
j profit by the senate action. It is said
; that they intend to make a progaganda
! campaign in the point that is unfair to
j Germanv to have the treaty go into ef
fect witnout American participation in it»
; enforcement and especially on the repa
ration commission.
It is the Germans' contention thatr
g i£u e( i a treaty by which certain'
. burdens were to be placed upon them by
America, England, France and Italy,
tenth th*» 1
wi^h the lesser allies and that, the treaty
I is not valid if America does not partici
; pate in this vrork. In this contention
i there is but one court to which the Ger«
; mans may appeal, the court of publia
' opinion in all countries and that is thf>
! court to which they will in all probabi!«
ity appeal.
Will Get an Audienc«.
To accomplish this end it is predicted
that Germany will prolong her objections
to the protocol terms rot so much with
the idea that she can obtain n change in
them but with the idea that this coursa
will direct the world's attention to thf»
Berlin government and thus makes io
certain that its wail about the enforce-«
ment of the treaty will be heard.
This is now what is expected.
Whether rightly or not Germany re*
cards America as the velvet on the allied
nammer. It was America at the peac*
conference which kept France from ex*
tending tyer boundaries to the Rhine. 10
was American influence which softened
the reparation requirements and natu
rally Germany does not want the velvet
taken off the allied hammer at this time.
If it is to be taken off anyhow she in«
.. , . , . . „ . . • . , ...
j t0 object to the extent ot her abil«
j - v ; , . . , ,
; As for the American peace delegation»
! 8ca , r( : ply know where they stand.
i L bex [. ^ atus depends on advice fron»
j 8 '"ngton.
Need Ruling on Army.
j A prompt ruling is also needed on th*
status of American troops on the Rhine,
| Under the treaty the control of the Rhin*
; passes to the interallied Rhineland corn
. mission when the treaty becomes effect«
! ive. America will not be represented on
j that commission. The allies will be at
. peace with Germany after December 1,
j but America will not. This tangle leave*
I the situation of General Allen's command
at Coblenz clouded. Anything Washing
ton wishes to do about the situation wi'I
probably be fully acceptable to the allies.
And what are Frenchmen thinking
of America? There is a word of Amer
ican slang which well expresses theit»
feeling. They are "sore." All they car»
see in the situation is that America has
gone back on the bargain she made, la
that bargain France made sacrifices be«
cause America asked her to and in re
turn for American promises, and now, it
is said, America has stepped out from
under.
Includes Prominent Men.
Tho feeling of resent is not confined
to the man of the street. I met this
morning a Frenchman of high official po
sition well known in America, lle'shook
hands and said:
"So the senate Is in favor of America's
not meddling in European affairs. Well
so are we."
As to the governments of the almost
numberless nations whose diplomats
await at Paris the fate of their peoples,
these men have not the knowledge of tho
English and French diplomats upon which
to base patience. America, their big
hope, has vanished from their scheme of
things so far as they can see and they
are^ benumbed.
Now it is asked will the diplomat« of
the newly created nations hold off thei*"
enemies without their great big friend nt!
court. They would like to have that
question answered.
Hungarian Cabinet
Is From All Parties
Cable f Great Fall» Daily Tribun«.
ChU-aco Tribune and New York Time..
Copyright, T9T9.
Vienna, Nov. 29.—The new Hungarian
cabinet is formed on the representa
tives of all political parties. A Christian
socialist, Carl Hussar, is premier, white
his predecessor. Friederieh, who is to bo
war se<Tetary, is of monarchist tendency.
According |o a Belgrade report tho
Jugo-Slavs, Czecho-Slovaks and Poles
ha^e granted to the British export tradf
to these countries.

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