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GREAT FAILS DAILY TRIBUNE
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 9, 1920. PRICE FIVE CENTS FRANCE'S STEP IN GERMANY STIRS BRITISH IRE SEVEN DEMOCRATS JOIN FOR ENDING WAF£\\ HOUSE TO VOTE SMI PEACE Adoption of Resolution Substitute for Eventual Treaty Is Forecast by Debate Line-Up. Republican Leaders Ar gue for Ending Dicta torial Powers of Presi dent in Wartime Laws. Washington, April 8.—The peace resolution had passed the half war mark ®n its way through the house when echoes of the storm of oratory and do nate it protvjjod died away tonight. For six hours it was the center of discus sion on the floor, yet no one questioned that it would be adopted. The final vote will come late Friday. There was a vote today on adoption «I the special rule limiting debate and preventing amendment of the resolution "J. .awn by the committee on foreign ■"««. The rule was carried, 214 to 155. seven Democrats joining the Repub licans m its support and one Republica-i opposing it This was taken to indicate action on the resolution itself, but Republican leaders said more Democrats would join them on the final vote. One or the Democrats. Representative Hud «lleston. of Alabama, who voted again «t the rule, announced he would the resolution. support Charges of Politics. Charges of partisanship ran through! J Jemorratic comment on the resolution, j Representative Huddleston noted these, | but insis^i that conscience would not I let him " trot along" with his party j majority and oppose the peace proposal. | whatever "company" his decision forced him to keep. The November election figured almost •s prominently in the debate as did the international situation, wartime legisla tion, or even President Wilson's share In the treaty fight. A statement by, Representative Pou, Democrat, of North j Carolina, that the president had been j without personal ambition in his ac- j tions. brought a roar of laughter from i u ^P°Wic*n side. It was echoed from I the Democratic side a moment later. 1 when, to support charges of partisan ! purpose, Representative Montague. I Democrat, Virginia, asked Chairman I Campbell, of the rules committee, why | peace with Austro-Hungarv also had not ! been proposed. Treaty-Making Invasion View. . % the technical siiîe of the discus stot, the Democrats repeatedly chal lenged the constitutional right of eongresa to pass such legislation, in sisting it ^vas a contemplated invasion of the treaty-making powers conferred on the_ executive Ijjjjpch and the senate. Historical and legal precedents were marshalled to support this view, and the writings of authorities on iDternation.il law quoted at length. The Republicans Q-ioted other authori ties and precedents a^d maintained that all that was sought w* s to end legally a war that had ^ in fact ended long ago. The treaty making powers were not af fected. he insisted, and a formal treaty with Germany could b« drawn and ratifi ed as provided by the constitution. One Republican, Representative Ful ler. of Massachusetts, vited against the rule. The Democrats join'.ng with the Republican majority were Caldwell. New York: Evans, Nevada; Sullivan and Olnpy. Massachusetts; She-wood, Ohio; Fogle and Ganley, New York. Holds Congress Has Power. "The power of determinaton on this question of fact is undoubtedly in congress." said Chairman Porter, of the foreign relations committee. "The only controversy remaining is one between Ahe chief executive and the senate over ratification of the treaty." If congress bad not such powei, Mr. Porter argued, and peace could eomc only by formal treaty, the presHent could maintain a dictatorship tinder war legislation "just as long as he is able to hold the presidential office." "It is an unprecedented situation in the history of our country," he con tinued," the evil of which necessity re quires an unprecedented remedy." Says People Long for Freedom. Chairman Campbell, of the rules com mittee. said the people were wearied by a year and a half of life under an ex ecutive with war powers in time of peace and longed for the freedom of a govern ment with three separate and independ ent branches. Passage of the resolution, he contin ued. would put the United States bäck on a normal basis. He added that grtve domestic questions made the proposed action imperative. "The war is over," he declared. "That is known by every one. Congress i* therefore within its rights in declaring a state of war no longer exists. Autocratic war powers are galling to a free people in time of peace. Take no Peace Power From Wilson. "It ia the duty of congress to withdraw frow the president the powers granted him hr war purposes. We take no pow ers fr*m hiin that belonged to him in time^ of peace. "No one has suggested a possible justification of excuse for resuming a state of war with Germany or for con tinuing war powers in the president. He is left with the utmost freedom to negotiate a treaty with the advice and consent of the senate, as provided in the plain terms of the constitution." Humbug, Says Democrat. Representative Pou. North Carolin.!, (Continued on Page Two.) Both Montana Men May Support Peace Resolution in House Special to The Daily Tribune. Washington, Apr. Evans voted against the rale of the 8.—Republican nie of the Republican Rsace resolution day t iddlck for it. It looks now as though both would vote for the resolution, Friday. Representative Evans does not believe that hie vote of the propo sition would help to bring peace, but ho is being ur^ed fey Montana people to vote for H Ts mind ery resolution. was not made up tonight. Very few Democrats will support the FORCES ACL TO TIE 3 MATES Robber Then Binds Him and Leisurely Rifles Registered Pouches on Atchison Train. Kansas City. April 8.—The mail car of Atchison, Topeka. Santa Fe railroad train No. 9, Chicago to Kansas City, was robbed by a ban dit between Lexington Junction and Kansas City tonight. No estimate of the amount of the loot obtained was available. The bandit boarded the train at Lexington Junction, Mo., 30 miles east of here. Entering the mail car flourishing a revolver, he foroed three of the four mall clerks to lie face downward on the floor, and compelled the fourth man to bind them. He then bound the fourth man himself, and proceeded leisurely to rifle the registered mail. The ban . .dit left the train at Sheffield, a sub urb of Kansas City. Outrages in Ireland Number 1089, Besides Fires; 36 Murdered London, April 8.—Outrages com mitted in Ireland between January, 1919, and March 29, 1920, number 1,089, according to an official white paper, which attributes them to the Sinn Fein movement. Thirty-one police, military and officials and five civilians were killed, 81 were fired upon and 32 were assaulted. This total does not include the police barracks, to the number of more than 200, destroyed during Easter week. Sugar Raised Half Cent; Another Rise Shortly Predicted New York, April 8.—The American Sugar Refining company has announced an increase of one-half cent a pound in the wholesale price of sugar, making the present price l.'i 1 /? cents a pound. Another ä advance is predicted by the company j unless there is a drop shortly in the j price of the raw product. | ; Soviets Surrender to Japanese; Lo»e 408 in 10-Hour Fight Washington, April 8.—Fighting between Japanese and Russian forces at Khabarovsk ceased late on Tuesday, the Japanese embassy is informed, with the surrender of the soviet troops. The Japanese suffered 260 cas ualties in the 10-hour conflict, while the Russians lost 408 dead, 1,500 prisoners and seven guns. Find $250,000 Bogus Money on Prisoner Montreal, April 8.—Counterfeit bills representing $250,000 in United States currency were found on Albert Grignon, arrested here by Canadian and United States secret service men. GENERAL STRIKE AT FIUME. Triest, April 8.— (By The Associated Iress).—A general strike was declared in Fiume this morning. The c/y is without water or lights. Spokane Open Shops Will Pay Men Wages Demanded in Strike Spokane, April 8.—Following a meeting of the Spokane Master Build ers' association tonight, it was an munced that wage demands of strlk inj carpenters and building laborers M been granted. The building abtrers, unskilled, had demanded an Inciease from $5 to $6 a day and hod carriers from $6 to $7. The car pentkrs struck after refusal of their dernwd for $8 a day. It was announced that the con tractus adhered to their declaration of an 'open shop" policy. \ i — LOUISVILLE YARDS LOYAL; FRISCO AND OGD EN MEN S TRIKE Chicago Railroads Say Figures of Men Out Issued by Strikers Are Greater Than Forces Em ployed; Union Threatens Expulsion. Louisville, Ky., April 8.—Railroad workers, at a meeting to night, voted almost unanimously against striking in sympathy with the "insurgent"' railroad employes in the Chicago district, according to announcement by officers of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen. The same action was taken by Sheridan, Wyo., switchmen. San Francisco, April 8.—The Southern Pacific company late tonight announced that all switchmen, yard engineers and yard firemen in the San Francisco and Oakland yards, 430 in all, had walked out and that railroad officials and clerks were doing nec essary switching of passenger trains. About 800 men in the coast division were out, according to the company's figures. Ogden, Utah, April 8.—About 150 switchmen employed by the Ogden Union railway and depot company, which operates all the terminals of the Southern Pacific, Union Pacific and Oregon Short Line railways, went out here at 7 o'clock tonight. The members went into session to frame their demands, which will be presented to the officials Friday. At Salt Lake 215 engine men and switchmen went out. STRIKERS HOOT UNION HEAD URGING THEM TO RETURN TO THEIR SWITCHES But what the masses Chicago, April 8.—A free-for-all ora-, strike lawfully. torical contest developed when S. E. j say is law." Heberling, international president of! In a statement issued at night, in be the Switchmen's union, attempted at a ! half of railroads of the Chicago dis meeting Thursday to persuade 500 trict, it was declared "that reports that strikers to return to work. The meet ing at fir8t broke up, re-formed^ and then melted away when Heberling de parted. Many times the union officer was forced to quit talking while tho crowd hooted. '"Wall street." and "Are you with us or against usV" the men shouted as Heberling told them a strike now was unwise. "Wait aDd you will get the increase you need in a lawful fashion,'' he urged. "'You are under contract with the railroads and a strike would be un lawful. Do you think switchmen are bigger than the government?" "Patrick Ilenry and George Wash 3*1,000 to 25,000 men in train service in Chicago are out, are grossly exagger ated. These figures greatly exceed the number ordinarily empolyed in train service in Chicago. "The strikers are striking against their own organizations as well as against the railways," the statement concluded, "and the railway companies are relying on their organizations to re store normal conditions under their contracts. This the organizations have promised to do and they are working hard to accomplish it." Twenty-two road chairmen of the trainmen's brotherhood sent out notices to all striking members reiterating the ington were rt-bels. tool" E. E. Kerr. ; demand of two days ago that they re- ! Chicago, yardmens'^ association organ- I turn to work or suffer the danger of ex izer, answered. "You say we can't | pulsion from the order. Bolsheviki Offer China Full Restitution; Drop Boxer Indemnity Also Peking. April 8.— (By The Associated Press).—Restoration to China without compensation of the Chinese Eastern | . ,. . . railway ® n( i a " mining and forestry con cessions and privileges seized by the former Russian imperial regime, Alex ander Kerensky, Generals Horvath and Semenofff and Admiral Kolchak, is an nounced in a reepnt note to the Chinese government from soviet, authorities at Irkutsk. The note also renounces in demnities arising out of the Boxer re bellion. The Chinese foreign office is not in clined to take the communication seriously, doubting the authority of the soviets to make renunciations. I I proposed Rent Increase Breaks Up Wage Parley of Miners and Operators Pittsburgh, April 8.—A conference of , rent of the miners' homes. The miners representatives of United Mine Workers ! representatives refused to listen to the district No. 3 and coal operators here, j proposition. Thursday, to consider arrangement of j Leaders from miners expressed the President Wilson's wage settlement j belief that the difference will be nd broke up shortly before noon. j justed. Miners, they added, paid from The break came when the operators j $8 to $12 a month for their houses and submitted a proposition to increase the were opposed to any increase in rent. FRENCH WAR MEDALS ARE SEEKING MONTANA HEROES, CAN'T FIND THEM Spokane, April 8.— A médaillé militaire, one of the highest decorations conferred by the French army, and four croix de guerre won by Montana men in the American expeditionary forces are being held by the local array recruiting station until their recipients are located. A médaillé militaire and a croix de guerre were conferred upon Hans L. Teventen, also known as Trenten, who enlisted from Sand Creek, Montana, for having captured two machine guns and i gun batalion. four German soldiers single handed. Teventen was in Company K of the 3t52nd infantry. Croix de guerre also are being held here for Carl J. Maier, Company I, 302nd infantry, Glendive, Montana, for capturing three machine guns and their crews single handed; Peter Thompson, Butte, machine gun detachment, Com pany E, 862nd infantry, and Milan Dab ney, Butte, Company B, 346th machine JERUSALEM UNDER MARTIAL LAW BUT JEWS AND MOSLEMS STILL FIGHT Jerusalem, April 8.—Although martial j persons were killed on both sides and law was proclaimed here Monday and I about 250 were injured, most of them the city ia under heavy patrol by British I slightly. troops, scattered fights occurred l»e- j When martial law was established tween Jew« and Mohammedans Monday | entrance to the city was forbidden, but and Tuesday in the narrow lanes of the i this rule was relaxed- Thursday and old i^t)' and outside the wails. Several ' normal conditions seemed near. of Horse Sent to Show in Special Airplane Santa Barbara, April 8.— "Mercury," a horse entered in the horse show here, arrived by airplane from Los Angeles Thursday. The horse left Los Angeles the same day in a plane specially equipped by David C. Thompson. DON'T BUTT IN, France Explains Vainly; Washington Refuses to Alter View Germans Should Deal With Reds. Washington, April 8.—So far a« can be learned here, state department action in regard to the Iiuhr incident has been confined to an expression of opinion to the effect that the German government should be permitted to send into tho Ruhr valley" any reasonable number of acy. position was clearly stated by This the department about 10 days ago answer to an inquiry from the German ! government as to the willingness of the i entente powers and America to allow such a force to go into the disturbed country. The French government was fully informed of the American position and, so far as can be learned, while there have been some "conversations" on the subject between Ambassador TVaHaeë .no Premier Milleranil Pari,, .here u 'Är in _ . Extent of Disorder Is Test. The American view has been that the whole issue turns on the question of fact as to the extent of the disorder in the Ruhr district and the ability of the' Ebert government to maintain its con trol there with the small force of gend armerie permitted by the terms of the armistice and peace treaty. In the course of the "conversations" between Ambassador Wallace and the French ! foreign office, it is understood that the latter set out as the French view that no conditions existed in the valley to justify the entry of a large force of German regular troops, which in fact, was calculated to add to the disorder. French Feared for Coal Supply. Moreover, the French government was apprehensive that, in their despera tion. the red forces in the Ruhr valley would effect permanent injury upon the coal mines from which the French ex pected to draw heavily for several years. Ambassador Jusserand called at the state department on Wednesday, pre sumably to reinforce the statement which Premier Millerand had made to Ambassador Wallace. No announce ment has been made as to the result of this conference, but it is understood e , ■ I that there has been no change attitude of in the : J j I I the state department. French advance iuto AMERICAN DELEGATE niTlTG rniiMiccinv tUiuifllööIUii ON RHINELAND ISSUE iTnrvi k>i I —g* a nm'1 c % • i j , , f » ? *u^ e Ti patçh from irankfort to the Hamburg er * remdenblatt reports the résigna tion of the Lnited States representative from the inter-allied Khincland commis sion. This action, the despatch says, followed an interchange of comniunica tions with Washington. A dispatch from CobSenz on April said it. was learned at the office of Pier pont B. Noyes, tho American Rhineland commissioner and representative of the state department in the American oc cupied area, that he had several davs previously formally disassociated himself from any action the high commission might take involving it in any way in a French advance iuto unoccupied terri tory. The despatch ndded that Mr. Noyes had notified Washingtou of his action. ^ ays Wife Wins Divorce From Baseball Nabob; Prosperity Did It Chicago, April 8.—Mrs. Bessie Webb Wceghman was victor in divorce pro ceedings brought against Charles Weegh man, part owner and former president of the Chicago National league baseball team. Superior Judge Charles A. McDonald indicated he would grant Mrs. Weegh man a decree, $400 a month alimony and custody of Dorothy Jane, eight-year-old daughter. A settlement was said to have been made out of court. Mr. Weegh man said his rise from $10 a we«-k : waiter to millionaire restaurant and movie theater owner had "caused his matrimonial failure." U. S. Charge in Mexico Rushing to Washington Texas. April 8.—George CM Laredo, T. Summerlin, charge d'affaires it the American embassy in Mexloo City, crossed tha border her« Thurs day, en route to Washington. Special réservations were made for a quick trip* to the capital. Nothing was lear^td as to the import of his visit i mm MED BY [MON Ambassador Cambon's Explanations Followed by Cabinet Statement Censuring Ally's Course a& an Assumption of Action Intended to Be by All, If Necessary; Repudiated as Odious. London, April 9.—The London Times says that a crisis has arisen in Anglo-French relations and that, contrary to assurances that the differences of opinion between the allies regarding the violation of the neutral zone by German troops were about to be composed by a friendly understanding, it ap pears that the British government has taken steps to emphasize their disagreement with the policy of France. to CABINET TERMS SITUATION DELICATE. London, April 8.—(By The Associated Press.)—After a long conference which the French ambassador, Paul Cambon, had with Premier Lloyd George Thursday, and a full discussion of the Franco-German incident by the cabinet council, at which the French view was fully explained to the British ministers, an au thoritative statement was issued to the effect that France acted of ! entirely on her own initiative in deciding to occupy German towns, ! 9 ü d that G r?t Britain, the United States, Italy and Belgium were all opposed to the plan, and that France's action has caused a j delicate situation. There Were Other Ways. The matter is under discussion of the British and French governments and the hope is expressed that the situation may the ! be eased. the The statement recites various ex pedients suggested for dealing with the Ruhr situation, among others the send ing of allied officers with the German ! with srSd.r„ o '°rb.,"!"bTB« '< ! German government, with the stipnla ; tion that unless the status quo was suf j ficiently restored, the allies themselves of j would occupy German points to enforce in ; their demands. the' Not Affair of Single Ally. ' The statement proceeds "The German government appears have acted precipitately, and France have responded by adopting a plan which to ranee to of was only intended as a last resort method, and even then to have been tho affair of the allies and not of any one of them singly." Great Britain. Italy, Belgium, and the United States, it is declared, all felt that the task of restoring order should! Ii« iriik n.mgnr .-,»,4 oil lie with Germany, and all were opposed to their regular forces being called on. except as a last resort, to undertake what are virtually police duties. Both Odium and Risk. T . . ... _ n , It is pointed out that France feared some ulterior motive on the part of Germany and doubtless acted in good e , faith, but, the statement adds, the im ■ Ä "Ä : for her action cannot be shared by the allies as a whole, and certainlr there is not intention on the r>nrt of the British J j government to allow British soldiers to I act as police between hostile German factions and incur all the odium of such a position, to say nothing of its risk." Time to Act When It's So. ' Vi e fita 1 tem L ent concludes: " If - and whpn - h r " nce 8 suspicions of [Germany s ulterior motives and deliberate punting of the terms of the peace treaty become accomplished facts, the allies W0ll j,j doubtless be prepared to act in 8tant i y and vigorouslv in concert to vin ; dicate the position and respect for the j provisions of the treaty. But for the time j bring it may be taken that no British ! soldier will participate in the occupation j of German cities iti the neutral zone", j j Note Sent to Paris. oL r T ^ ^mea eaya that during the day ? L , Ca ? ,bon '. t be • Frer V* «nbassador., ! ha :L a lon * ,ntorv '^' *. ,tb Earl Curzon., the 1 • " oon afterward, the paper con-1 oc- j ."V tbe P«™« 1 " ■ P» vate ! f ec . ret " r T' Phlhp Ke "; of B " lh " fame - representatives of the pro-! a invited the f formed them of Mr. Lloyd It : vincial press to Downing street and in George's standpoint. Simultaneously, a private communication on similar lines, was ad dressed to the London press and vari ously worded communiques were issued for publication through the news agencies. These statements are under stood to have been on the same lines as Karl Curzon's representations to the French ambassador. "In official quarters last evening it was alleged that a note had been de spatched to the French government through the British ambassador at Paris." Blames German Militarists. The Times adds that in diplomatic; circles the view is expressed that the ' action of France is wroug in form, but right in substance. It is also regarded as a mistake on the part of France not to have employed white troops exclus ively in the occupation of German cities. Independent diplomatic testmony, ac cording to the Times, is to the effer? that the German government is in real ity controlled by militarists. It is there fore said that France was justified in acting swiftly while her allies were talk ing. In parliamentary quarters, the Times says, the action of Mr. Lloyd Oeorge is attributed to his alleged desire to in fluence opinion in the National Liberal club, where a struggle for predominance is proceeding between his supporters and those of Mr. Asquith. Seattle. AprU 8.—Harold Wright, aged 16. was instantly killed when he walked into a fallen arc light on a street i corner. the the ex the s ' to ! toj j j I ' 7,000 HOMELESS Yonkers Man Gets All Children Safely Out; to Be Sent to Cyprus: Village Destroyed. i A ., D j \ nil. . i Associated Press).—Turks (By The j t T, ess ^'~7 i ?i rk * have de i ' y 'Î £ Haroumyi. north I eas * Adana, and burned the American ; or P"an<ige there. Two thousand Armem ^ken'rf un £ er w-„ ami taken to Adana m safety by William ; Gilbert. Jr.. of Yonkers X Y Thev will of ; probably be sent to Cvprus j Turkish nationalists have taken over . control of the village of Bardizaj. about -P" from Constantinople, but there is 1 j j j are few indications of trouble in Ana tolia, Hadjin. north of Adana. is still cut off from the outside world and other Armenian villages are seiged by the Turks. Hundreds of refugees are arriv ing in Adana daily. No Mercy for Reds Shown by Reichswehr; Duesseldorf Is Gassed Paris, April 8.—Merciless repres sion by the reichswehr forces in the Ruhr basis Is reported by figitives arriving in Frankfort, according to a Mayence dispatch ta the Journal des Debtas. The fugitives allege they witnessed the shooting ef all Westphalians who laid down their arms. German regular troops have bom barded Düsseldorf with gas shells, according to a Mayenoe dispatch to the Matin. ' CABLE TO VLADIVOSTOK OPEN. New York, April S. —Tlie Commercial Cable company announced today that communication with Vladivostok had been restored. President Urged to Name R.R. Wage Board, Senate to Open Strike Quiz Washington, April 8.—In view of tha railroad strike at Chicago. Presi dent Wilson's advisors urged upon him today to sand to the senate the nom inations af nine members of the rail road labor board. Tha president has bean having dif ficulty finding three men to giva up their business and represent the pub lio on the board. investigation by the Interstate Cammer«* eommltte« af the strike af railroad employés In the Chicaga and athap districts Is proposed la a reso lution Introduced by Senator MeCor ntlcfc, Republican, Illinois, and re ferred ta the contingent expanses committee. Th« committee of Inquiry would have aatherity to oeadnct hearings at any plaoo aad would report to tho aaaata regarding the oaases and mer its af tha controversy.