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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, April 12, 1920, Image 1

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Associated Industries
Urges Citizens to Help
and Pledges Support.
Cafe Owners Follow Suit
and Restaurants Will
Reopen in Few Days.
Butte, April 11.—Refusing to make
further concessions to the building trades
unions, the Associated Industries at a
meeting held Sunday afternoon, author
ized its business manager to "encourage
workers other than the strikers," and
a $25,000 fund was subscribed for the
purpose of waging the campaign. Res
olutions to this effect were adopted at
the conclusion of the meeting, which
was attended _by more than 400 of the
450 members. ~
The resolution declare in part:
"We call upon all public spirited citi
zen« when in need of help either for j
emergency, repairs or construction work j
to employ workers other than the strik
ers and we pledge support to those wlrö
in observing this policy are declared un- !
(fail'." i
The resolution authorized the business 1
manager to "encourage mechanics from j
elsewhere to carry on the building work
of the community."
Restaurants Follow Suit L
r I „ _ . . I
. J au - Î* J 0 j Cr f , *u'
ing Sunday night decided to close the j
cafeteria which has been operated by ;
i the employers during the cooks and j
' waiters' strike and reopen their own,
establishments in which workers other j
than those affiliated with the unions on |
strike will be employed.
Tbe cafeteria will be closed Monday1
night and the cafes closed by the strike
will reopen within a few days. i
Resolutions pledging concerted action
were adopted. Each restaurant manag
er filed a $500 bond with the secretary
of the organization, which was perfected
when the cooks and waiters walked out,
as an evidence of his intention to com
ply with the agreement.
It was agreed that no cafe shall take
action unless authorized to do so by the
employers. Kach restaurant manager i
"ÎÎ A the strikers unless
all employers take similar action.
Theaters Have Reopened.
The cooks and waiters struck for in
creased wages 10 days ago. Since then
the cafeteria in which the cafe managers
worked in the capacity of dishwashers, j
cooks and waiters, has been accomo- j
dating about . f !000 persons a day. j
Acting on the suggestion of the As-1
sociated Industries with which they are !
affiliated, managers of Butte theaters !
decided to remove the "so are we" signs j
from the show houses, thus terminating ; s
the strike of operators, stage hands and ;
" «»«•*-* :
musicians. All theaters which were i
closed by the_ strike opened again Sun-j
day night. The theater managers, in ;
explaining their action, said they had i
not intended to induce a dispute with : '
"leiritiniRto Inhor nrpinivntinnrf " i
legiti matc labor organization*. ,
v>«_ .|. ■ |<*. i
rluiippines Uemocrats !
• « « ... . /
Indorse Wilson« Want
• • • n • i • '
Harrison as A resident
„ ., . .... j
Manila. April 11.—The Democratic j
territorial convention for the Philip- !
ines Saturday endorsed the Wilson ad- j
iuistration and selected six delegates :
to the De.n'icratic national convention j
at San Francisco instructed to vote for
Francis Burton Harrison. governor
general of the territory for the Demo
cratic presidential nomination. Robert
F. Manley, of N'.'ign. Cainnrines, was
re-elected national cominittetman.
The convention deplored the attempt
of the commissioner of internal reverue
by administrative rction to apply the
federal income tax to American citizens
'resident in the Philippifles, while other
rationals are exempted, thus penalizing
Americans for aiding in the pioneer
work of the United »States foreign com
It urged construction of an additional
all-American trans-Pacific cable line as
a vital matter of unusual importance to
American commercial interests in the
far east, and unconditionally indorsed
the vigorous measures by the federal
government and certain state measures
for the suppression of bolshevism and
communism and other forms of teason
able propaganda.
Berlin Is Fearful
German and French
Troops May Collide
Berlin. April 11.—(By The Associated
Press).—The German government has
notified the French government, accord
ing to official announcement that it has
received reports that French troops are
advancing toward Aschaffenburg (23
mlics southeast of Frankfort) and, if
true. Germany is obliged to point out
the danger of collisions with the Ger
man troops. France has replied that it
has no intention of occupying Aschaffen
burg and adds that neither was Stock
stadt occupied, though it had been neces
sary on military grounds, to push for
^-ird advanced posts near Stockstadt.
Numerous Lines Lift Freight Embargoes as Men
Resume Work; Rail Officials Declare Situation
Will Be Normal Within Few Days; Strikers As
sert Their Strength Is Growing.
Chicago, April II.—The first important break in the unauthorized strike of
railroad employes, which started in the Chicago terminal distrlot nearly two
weeks ayo, occurred Sunday night at Columbus, Ohio, when 600 switchmen m
thé Pennsylvania railroad voted to return to work Monday. In addition 500
engineers and firemen, forced out of work by the strike, will return. Although
there was no general movement back to work among tho 40,000 men reported
on strike throughout the country, defections from the ranks of the insurgents
were reported Saturday and Sunday in Chicago, Kansas City, in California, and
several other places, and brotherhood officers were confident that the peak of
the strike movement was past. Leaders of the rebel walkout,, however, main
tained that the strike was gaining momentum.
j been lifted by the New York Central
j and the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St.
I'sul railroads. In a number of impor
* ant '"ail centers, railroad employes have
! voted not to strike. Large sections of the
co «ntr.v still were virtually unaffected
the walkout, notably X'ew England, the
s outheaster» states, the northwestern
" ,tate8 » nd mountain states.
Passenger Servies Unhurt.
L ^ t " enKei l tr . affi î w ". s ««ected very
little, except m the New York area,
where service was reported below 50
p< . r cent of norma i. fä ara of a food
famine in New York City were allaved
by the arrival of supplies over the New
York Central and the New Haven roads,
Several thousand men were reported
on strike in eastern New Jersey, and
freight traffic was considerably hamper
The crew of the Chicago express on
the Erie railroad _ abandoned the train
Port .larvis, N. Y.. 90 miles from
In Chicago, freight embargoes have<«>
New York. Sunday night. Two hundred
and fifty passengers were on the train.
It was announced from Washington
that the question of governmental
action in the strike would be taken up by
Attorney General Palmer upon his re
turn to Washington Monday. Reports
from the strike districts were being as
sembled by the department of justice.
Five thousand men were affected by
of Pennsylvania switchmen.
conductors and brakemen at the Pitcairn
terminal Sunday night.
Out at Milwaukee.
Seven hundred switchmen
at Milwaukee voted not to
return to
work. The Chicago. Milwuakee and
Paul road declared an embargo
perishable freight. At Wellsville, Ohio,
250 yardmen and roadmen went on
strike. More men went out in the Pitts
burgh region and 500 quit at Peoria, 111.
In the Cleveland district where 2,000
were reported on strike, blast mills and
s teel mills began laying off men.
Samuel Gompers, president.
nf th«
m in«
i • _ « j . ' » » , « i
federation of Ivabor, who has
?f.? v r d J^„^L e J e l°" d ^ff J da /u ed
ont ■ mistake and said the federation
*® u .L, , sup ^ 0 û t i hc - brother ! 10< ? ,] ?, ,n the,r
' "t' Û ! nr»«P<?m5 e nf
"■ G. Liee, president of the Brother
hoo( j of j {a fl way Trainmen, said he had
received many reports from brotherhood
Chairmen throughout the country an
nouncing improved condition».
Ijoyalty to the union was pledged by
' »»'innati switchmen in a telegram to
E. Heberling, president of the Switch
men's union of North America. Cincin
nati was the only large Ohio city uu
affected by the strike.
Los Angeles, April 11.—Fifty ap
plications for positions as switchmen to
replace men automatically discharged
Saturday after walking out in sympathy
with the Chicago strikers, were received
by the Southern Pacific railroad here
Sunday, according to an announcement
at the company's office. It was declared
this number included several switchmen
who had been among the strikers on the
Santa Fe and Salt Lake roads.
Passenger trains ran regularly Sunday
in southern California. There was no
movement of freight trains. Automobile
trucks were utilized to bring freight to
Los Angeles from trains stalled on sid
ings. A carload of butter was transport
ed from Santa Barbara and two carloads
of lambs from Glendale.
San Francisco, April 11. —The South
ern Pacific railway has announced
partial lifting of the freight embargo put
Pope Gives One Million Lire
to Fe ed St arving Viennese
Rome, April ll.—Pope Benedict, bidding farewell to Dr. Karl Renner, the
Amtralian chancellor, handed him a check for 1,000,000 lire, payable to Cardinal
Piffl, archbishop of Vienna. This sum it to bo need for the benefit of Viennese
philanthropic institutions.
Japs Take Ussuri Railroad,
Vladivostok to Kabarovsk
KonolnlH, April II.—(By The Associated Press)—Japanese troops have cap
tured the entire length of the Ussuri railroad from Vladivostok to Kabarovsk, ac
cording to a cablegram from Tokio received today by Shlnpo, a Japanese language
newspaper hero.
rnto effect last week when the strike of
switchmen began. Four hundred and
thirty striking switchmen and yardmen
have returned to work at points in the
territory of its "Pacific system," six
western states, according to announce
ment from the office of the Southern
Pacific railroad's general superintendent
here. This left 900 men on strike, the
announcement said.
Pasco, WaBh.. April 11.—Switchmen
employed here by the Northern Pacific
railroad have joined the strike. Their
work Sunday was done by company of
ficials. The strikers made no demands.
Spokane, Wash.. April 11.—Seventy
switchmen employed in the Great North
ern yards at Hillyard walked oht at mid
night Sunday, after meeting earlier in
the evening and passing resolutions to
Seattle, Wash., April 11.—Three
hundred trainmen employed in the Seat
tie. Tacoma. Everett and Auburn yards
voted unanimously not to join in the
strike of insurgent railway employes.
Fifteen hundred trainmen belonging to
the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen
in the northwest are affected by the
decision, and it is believed none will
PfllitiAV \Â/|11 TalfA lif^
rauner ▼▼"I Up
Rail Strike at Once
" j
Washington, April 11.—Attorney^ Gen- j
eral Palmer will take up the question^ of j
governmental action in the so-ocalled j
outlaw railroad strike immediately on :
ï e * urn ^ ashington Monday. Of- i
firiaTg 0 f the department of justice were ;
ill. 121129 LU" LJII t TH v ■'! Jllollvt « t I C
b llS y Sunday assembling detailed reporftf !
gathered by telephone and telegraph [
from all important strike centers. i
Officials would disclose only the gen- !
i , , c _i/i .kn,., i
:™"££L& m™ !
a decision is reached, tho public will i
know of it early, it was said.
The inquiry, ordered by Mr.
from Georgia, where he has been on
speaking tour, has developed a wider
scope than originally planned.
Treasury Certificates
Set Interest Record,
Post-War Securities
Washington. April 11.—A high record
for interest rates on war or post-war
government securities is disclosed by
Secretary Houston, in announcing two
new issues of treasury certificates of in
debtedness, maturing in three and six
months and bearing interest at S per
cent and 5% per cent respectively.
The new rates exceed the interest paid
on the last issue of certificates by one
fourth and one-half per cent respectively,
and treasury officials declared they were
the highest paid on government obliga
tions since the days of the civil war.
While the $200.000.000 bond issue to
finance the Spanish-Amercian war bore
the circulation privilege and therefore
theoretically paid a higher rate, the
actual interest to be paid ont by the
treasury on those two issues sets a mark
which probably will stand for several
decades, it was said.
Palmer '
Probe Report Alleges
'Secret Connivance" in
Deal With Babson.
Inquiry Into Government
Printing Nips Propa
ganda, Is Claim.
Washington, April 11.—(By The As
sociated Press).—Legal proceedings by
the government against George Creel,
former chairman of committee on
public information; Rogers W. Babson,
of Wellesley Hills, Alass., and others
concerned in the transfer of the com
mittee's war publication, the Official
Bulletin, to Babson. are recommended in
a report made public by Senator Smoot,
Republican. Utah, chairman, and Repre
sentative Kiess. Republican, Pennsyl
vania, vice chairman of the joint con
gressional printing committee. The re- i
port charges that Babson obtained the I
"Bulletin in March, 1919, by secret con- j
nivance," with Creel, and others "with- j
out the government receiving a cent in j
compensation," and urges that suit be j
brought to obtain ' just compensation" I
for the government. .
Numerous abuses in government pub- j
lications, including army and navy and !
other war service journals, are charged j
in the report. Many of these publica- !
tions, it says, were used for propaganda
favorable to the League of Nations, the
liquor interests and officers in charge.
Advertisements, the report, asserted, in
cluded "get rich quick," oil speculations,
and political propaganda improper in
government publications.
Charge Abuse of Funds.
Another alleged abuse of government
, f'mds Htarged by the report was print
j ,°f 30,14 -1 ,302 speeches of federal
I officials at an expense of Ç44-.79S to the
i l* a P er consumed totaled
j 1,4;«1,000 pounds.
! The report says the committee under
[ its power to supervise government
! printing investigated 266 journals,
! magazines and periodicals and disconti
nuedy 111 at a saving of $1,200.000 an
nuallv. Eight ormv and navv news
: TÄT" * , """«" ed
j "This has been done." the report
j states, "without a single protest from
j any man in the ranks, chiefly in whose
j interests it has been urged the publica
: tions were printed. The objection to
i discontinuing came entirely from high
; ranking officers."
! %» r . n , ..
i _
! R '•
the self-glorification of
i certain interests and to provide comfort
! f* «»■ T T.*
i of men who found su< h occupation mom
congenial than active service in the front
' " np trenches."
Nipped Propaganda, Claim.
The law giving the printing commit
tee control over government publica
tions. the repoçj declares, "nipped in the
bud the greatest propaganda scheme the
country has ever escaned."
"There is no doubt, the report says,
"that a certain clique both in and out
of the -army and navy had their pre
parations well advanced to cover the
country with an all enmeshing chain of
newspapers and magazines for the pur
pose of spreading and fastening their
military and international doctrine upon
the United States.
"Another extravagant publication issued
by the Creel committee, the report said.
"Was the so-called National School Serv
ice," which was distributed to teachers.
"Its underlying purposes," the report
declares, "seem to have been to convert
teachers to the idea of the League of
Nations and to urge them to teach that
doctrine to their school children."
Clear to Coblenz.
The government publications were
used extensively by propagandists, the
report charges, declaring articles favor
ing the League of Nations appeared In
many with no articles in opposition.
"This propaganda cxtenoed as far as
the Aniaroc Newts, printed at Coblenz,
i Germany," the report adds.
"Even the wet propagandists," the re
1 port continues, "got a good start, in army
publications. Articles and editorials boost
ing the liquor interests appeared before
the committee suggested that further dis
cussion of the subject was not essential
to army vocational training or opera
tion of army hospitals."
Unfilled U. S. Steel
Orders Show Increase
Steadily Ten Months
New York, April 11.—Unfilled orders
of the United States Steel corporation,
Mardi 31, were 9,88*2,075 tons, accord
ing to the corporation's monthly state
ment. This is an increase of 389.SHH
tons, compared with the orders of Feb
ruary 28. This is the tenth consecu
tive month to show an increase. The
figures on February 28 were 0,285,441.
Tight Skirt Saves
This Poor Bandit
From Early Grave
Chicago Tribune Special Dispatch te
Great Falle Daily Trlbane.
Chicago, Anrll II.— Misa Emma
Garrigan sniffed with disdain when
fier family advised her not to go to
a motion picture show near their
home without an escort. They told
her the streets were full of degen
erates and murderous thieves and
that dire things might befall, even
In the two blocks she had to traverse.
Miss Carrigaa assured her people
she oould take care of herself but
after she had put on her street coat,
she slipped into the sleeve a long,
keen knife, the sort used by steno
graphers to remove Ink spots.
True enough, on her way home, a
man leaped out of the shadows.
"Throw up your hands and don't
utter a sound or I'll kill you," he
Miss Carrigan's hands went up,
but one held the long knife and she
gave the bandit a vieious swipe across
the face. Her next drive caught him
In the shoulder and one of. his hands
was badly cut as he seized the blade
of the knife.
He did not wait to argue, but fled,
with the angry girl in mad pursuit.
However, her tight skirt was too
great a handicap and he soon out
distanoed her. Sho kept going to the
nearest polioe station and reported
the Incident and the police are look
ing for the bandit
Situation Regarding Ger
man Occupation Is
Grave, However.
London. April 11.—(By The Associ
ated Press).—Dispatches from Paris are
more optimistic regarding hopes for an
amicable settlement of the Anglo-French
difficulty over the occupation by French
troops of German towns. However, ac
cording to a statement from an author
itiative quarter the crisis still boars
grave aspects—first. because there
seems to be no intention on the part
of the British government to recede
from its firm demeanor against any in
dependent. action where the alliance is
concerned, and second, because no sign
is yet apparent that France is willing
to withdraw^ her troops, but rather there
is a disposition to extend her occupa
Will Enforce Treaty.
Great Britain's reply to France, it is
asserted, reaffirms the determination to
enforce the Versailles treaty in all re
spects, but in collaboration with the
other allies. It points out, however, that
the present difficulty is concerned, not
with the execution of the treaty, but with
Germany's request for permission to em
ploy troops in the neutral zone.
The British reply declares that the
strength and success of the alliance de
pends upon unanimosity of action and an
nounces that the British ambassador in
Paris, for the time being, will not attend
any meetings for arranging measures
with regard to Germany.
Hastened Into Action.
This note seems to explain and confirm
the oft disputed version of the negoti
ations given by Chancellor Mueller in
the German assembly and adds a certain
weight to the view expressed in manv
quarters in recent days that the French
government was hastened into inde
pendent actiou by the military chiefs.
Surprise has been expressed that
Premier Lloyd George has not changed
his plans so as to enable him to pass
through Paris on the way to the con
ference at San Remo, but it is believed I
he may have purposely a<lln>rr#1 r« th» i (
design which would allow
calm reflection.
adhered to the
period for
Hoover, Republican,
Obsequious, Different
Hoover, Says Gerard
New York, April 11.—The recent
movement in favor of Herbert Hoover
for president was "a protest against
party control, not a declaration that in
all the broad United States, Herbert
Hoover, was the only man fit to be our
president." declared Jam*ti W. Gerard
in an address here at the Jefferson day
dinner of the National Democratic club.
"At the Jackson day dinner in Wash
ington I advocated the nomination of
Hoover by the Democratic party." Mr.
Gerard said. "That was when * I and
other admirers of Hoovers saw' in him
a man who had done good service, who
seemed independent and who could if
ford to await the offer of a nomination.
S "But Herbert Hoover, a partisan,
seeking only the Republican nomination,
standing hat in hand, when the forces
of reaction are fn council is quite an
other Hoover. It is a Mahomet going
a suppliant to tne mountain not the
meeting offered the nomination ta an
independent. And because the Republican
party is the party of reaction, there lies
danger in its success."
New Haven, April 11.—The resigna
tion or President Arthur Twining Haaley,
of Yale university, has been accepted bv
the Yale corporation it is announced.
The resignation will be effective on Jtwe
30. 1921, when Doctor Hadley will have
been president of Yale for 22 years.
TO Rill!«
Sinaloa Assembly Indorses Action Taken and It
and Lower California May Join in Rebellion; In
surgents USD Play Lone Hand Unless State
Rights Assured They Say; Obregon Under Arrest
in Mexico City.
Nogales, Sonora, April 11.—Customs houses and all property
of the federal government of Mexico were formally seized in the
name of the republic of Sonora here Sunday. Sonora troops con
trol the entire state, according to official reports.
General Alvaro Obregon is technically under arrest in Mex
ico City in connection with the arrest of Roberto Cejudo, Mexican
rebel leader, according to an unverified report received here. Gen
eral Obregon, according to the report, is not allowed to leave the
city, but has not been jailed.
Sonora state officials, headed by Governor Adolfo de la
Huerta, governor of Sonora, who has been proclaimed "supreme
power of the Republic of Sonora'" by the state congress, declared
that while the state had seceded, it would return to the republic
upon guarantees from the national administration that there
would be no infringement of the state's rights by the federal gov
When Japanese Leave
Siberia Will Quiet
Says General Graves
ManHa, April &—(Delayed) —
The Russian situation will adjust
itself when the Japanese leave Si
beria, It was declared here today
by Brigadier General William S.
Graves, commander-in-chief of the
American expeditionary foroes
which recently evacuated Siberia
and are stationed hero.
"The majority of people In Si
beria are bolshevik)," said General
Graves. "Thoy are working for
peaoe and the good of the country,
and in my opinion they are trying to
be fair and Just to the people. I
estimate that 98 per cent are bol
"The antl-bolshevlki do not want
the Japanese to leavo, because of
the immense concessions granted
them by the crown before the Rus
sian debacle and which they would
lose only for the presence of the
Japanese forces."
Ask Supreme Court
to Settle Dispute
of Primary Ballots
Helena. April 11.—Asserting that the
public welfare and interest demand that
there be a speedy determination of the
question of whether the primary law ob
ligates the secretary of state to instruct
the clerks of the varions counties to in
sert at the head of the list of candidates
for presidential elector the words "vote
for one" and at the head of each of the
list of candidates for delegates to the
national conventions, the words "vote
for one", G. E. LaFollette, managing
editor of the Helena Independent, as
relator, will at once file a petition for
a writ of mandate in the state supreme
court, commanding Secretary of State
( T. Stewart fortwith to file and trans
mit to each of the county clerks of the
several counties of the state a form of
ballot and certificate as requited by law.
The secretary of state has arranged the
names of the candidates for electors and
inserted the words "vote for four" and
at the head of the list of candidates for
delegates, the words "vote for eight",
certifying the same under the seal of the
state of Moutana.
Germans Withdrawing
Army From Ruhr Basin
irii II.—The with
i, Apr
of all German troops
■hr olsti
drawal o
longer needed In the Ruhr district
has already begun. This semi-of
ficial announcement was made Sun
day. >
Bolivia Wants Arica
and Will Not Give Up
Till It Obtains Port
Lima, April 11.—Bolivia will continue
to pursue with "irrevocable resolution"
its purpose to obtain the port of Arica
as an outlet for her to the Pacific, ac
cording to a new note from Bolivia to
Peru, which is published here. The
note answers MTT latest Peruvian com
munication. declining to recognise Bo
livia's aspirations.
Los Annies, April 11.—Japanese con
trol 39,716 and Chinese 2,176 seres of
the richest agriculture land in Lop
Angeles county, according to a report
completed by the board of supervisors
for the state board of control
^ The secession, according to the of
ficials, was brought about by Carransa
ordering federal troops into the state.
TTiejr said the next move was up to Car
r i n f. a * acts, political leaders
of Sonora eaid, the new republic would
defy the Mexican federal government
and resist with armed forces any at
tempt of Carranta to lake back th»
state by force.
Calls for Voluatoers.
General P. Elias Calles, former gov
ernor of Sonora, and who recentlv re
signed from the Carranza cabinet* has
been made supreme military commander
of the state's military forces. Calles has
issued a proclamation calling for vol
unteers and calling on all soldiers in the
state to rally against any threatened in
vasion by Carranza forces.
Spread of the secession movement to
other sections unless the government
act quickly was forecast here. The
Ninoloa state congress, according to in
formation received here, has indorsed
the action of the Sonora congress in
demading constitutional rights and
Lower California, according to these re
ports, is expected to do the same.
Sjnaloa politics are closely interwoven
with Sonora's and both states are large
ly controlled by General Alvaro Obre
Railroad Solxuro Popular.
Governor de la Huerta's seisure of
the Southern Pacific de Mexico railroad,
according to reports here, has won sup
porters in Sinaloa. where rast quantities
or agricultural products are awaiting
shipment. In an interview the icovetnor
said the state would hold the road with
in the state until the railroad arbitrated
or otherwise settled the strike. The gov
ernor declared neither the strikers nor
the officials have the right to tie up the
iv>ad and leave perishable crops to ruin.
Crops now are moving freely over the
road, which is being operated by strikers
paui-by the state, the governor said.
Officials of the Southern Pacific have
appealed to the Mexican federal gov
ernment for assistance, but Sonora state
officials said any attempt by Carransa
to force retnrn of the property would be
met by bloodshed.
A proposal to send «. delegation of
Sonora citizens to Washington in an ef
fort to have the United States settle the
differences will depend on Carranza«
answer to Sonora, It was said.
Obregon Is Accused
of Assisting Cejudo,
Mexican Rebel Chief
El Paso. Tex., April 11.—General
Obregon Is formally accused of aiding
General Cejudo, according to a report
received here. General Obregon was
called to Mexico City last week to tes
tify at Cejudo'a trial.
Mexico City newspapers of Wednes
day quoted officials of the Mexican war
department to the effect that the de
partment had sufficient evidence against
Obregon and his alleged connections
with Cejudo to warrant hie arrest snd
trial as a co-defendant with Cejudo.
The'first official intimation that Ob
regon might be brought before the conrt
as a defendant instead of as a witness,
came, the newspapers said, when he tes
tified Tuesday. Then, it was reported,
the federal judge informed Obregon that
by orders of the war department the
conrt would be compelled to treat him
not as a witness, bnt as a defendant.
Obregon then declined to testify fully.
Newspapermen were excluded from the
One of the chief bits of alleged evi
dence against Obregon, it was said, was
a letter which paiports to have been
written by Cejodo to Obregon saying
the rebel leader would continue to re
cei# Obregon'a instructions.

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