OCR Interpretation


Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, April 13, 1920, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024808/1920-04-13/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THIRTY-SECOND YEAR
GREAT PALLS, MONTANA, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 13,1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Seek Hand of I.W.W. in Strike; Wilson
to Name Wage Board Before U. S. Acts
EGLEVELMOTO
:
Terminals of Ohio Metropolis So Tied Up, Stam
pede to Buy Food at Markets Sends Prices Soar
ing; at Chicago Situation Is Such, Nearly 10,000
Men Go Back to Work in Stockyards; Livestock
Received and Some Freight Embargoes Lifted.
Cleveland, April 12.—The switchmen's strike has spread to
the car repairers—one of the six shop crafts affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor—200 of whom walked out in the
Collinwood shops of the New York Central lines tonight.
Cleveland railroad terminals are tied up, not a switchman or
yardman being at work.
The car repairers quit to enforce demands for 67 and 72
cents an hour and in sympathy with striking switchmen.
Passenger, mail and milk trains continued to move on almost
normal schedules. 1
Butchers, marketmen and grocers outbid each other for
available stocks in local packing house and commission markets,
prices in many instances reaching new high levels. Meat prices
jumped two to five cents a pound and vegetables from $1 to $3
a crate over Saturday.
Nearly 400 members of five local lodges of the brotherhoods
of railroad trainmen met and were addressed by Samuel Gom
pers and W. G. Lee, president of the brotherhood.
BAKUARMENIANS
British Warships Keep
Safety at Batoum, But
Peril Is Bolshevik Move
Upon Georgia.
Constantinople, April 12.—(By the
Associated Press).-—Fighting between
Azerbaijans and Armenians continues
in the Karabagh region, and inter-allied
observers report 25,<>00 Armenians in
Baku are in danger of being massacred.
Part of the Denikin fleet in the
Caspian sea has turned bolsheviki mov
ing northward to join the red fleet, which
is expected at the mouth of the Volga,
when the ice clears. The remainder of
the Denikin vessels steamed south from
Petrovsk and are reported proeeediag
to Persian porta.
At Batoum, on the Black Sea side,
British warships are sufficiently numer
ous to keep Batoum quiet for the pre
sent, but the Georgian government is so
weak and so hard pressed by Its own
radical elements that there seems little
hope of successful resistance by the
Georgians to the bolsheviki troops if they
actually move against Georgia.
The Georgian situation is complicat
ed by the flood of Cossack soldiers and
civilians fleeing across the mountains
ahead of the bolsheviki. Thirty thous
and armed Cossacks moving south from
Xovoross island to Tuaps are concen
trated at Sochi, with the reds pursuing
the Georgians in their front, the moun
tains on the one side and the sea on the
other.
Reichswehr Executing
Red Prisoners on Sly
Says Chief Ruhr Leader
Dasseldorf, April 9.— Herr Berter
charges that the reiohswehr are taking
prisoners and quietly executing them.
Six of their captives, he said, .had been
executed in Essen by order of a military
tribunal, including Marcuse, the leader of |
last year's disorders in Munich, who was
at that time condemned to death,
charged with responsibility for the killing
of the Munich hostages.
Court Bars Miners
Union From Fining
Members Who Testify
Pittsburg, Kan., April 12.—An in
junction restraining officials of Kan
sas mine unions from fining members
or officials who appear as witnesses be
fore the new Kansas industrial rela
tion court was issued Monday by district
judge A. 3. Curran, who last Friday
sentenced Alexander M. Howat, presi
dent of the Kansas Miners, and three
other nnion leaders, to jail for contempt
of court.
At their convention here recently the
minera voted to assess fines against any
member who appeared before the
tribunal.
CHICAGO CONSIDERS CRISIS
PAST IN ITS R. R. YARDS
fhirago, April 12.—While the un
authorized strike of railroad employes
which started here two weeks ago with
the walkout of 700 switchmen on the
Chicago. Milwaukee and St. Paul rail
road appeared gradually to be waning in
the middle west and the far west; the
situation east of Cleveland took on a
more serious aspect, Monday.
The center of development in the
walkout of insurgents shifted to the
east, where additions to the rauks of
the rebel railroad workers has caused
a serious stoppage of freight and pas
senger traffic and the closing of sever
al industries.
The situation in the Chicago yards
showed a marked improvement and re
ports from other large railroad centers
in the middle west indicated that the
crisis was past and that the strikers
were returning to work in considerable
numbers. Officers of railroad brother
hoods. who have been fighting the strike,
were confident that the breaking up of
the walkout in Chicago would be follow
ed by a general resumption of work in
other areas.
More freight moved into the Chicago
yards Monday than on any dav since
the strike started, railroad officials an
nounced.
More than 9.000 stockyard employes
forced out of work by the strike, re
turned. About 25,000 stockyard workers
were still idle.
Packing house receipts included 4.000
cattle, 2.500 hogs, and 4,000 sheep. This
was a larger quantity than received any
day last week.
The Illinois Central, the Chicago, Mil
waukee and St. Paul, the New York
Central and other roads reported cars
again moving in the switehming yards
and that embargoes had been partlv
lifted.
|
Germans Withdrawing
Army From Ruhr Basin
Berlin, April 12. — The with
drawal of all German troops no
longer needed in the Ruhr district
has already begun. This seml-of
ficial announcement was made Sun
day.
Helena. April 12.—Fred A. Gabriel,
county attorney at, Malta, filed his dec
laration with the secretary of state to
day announcing his candidacy for the at
torney general of the Republican ticket.
Wilson Reviews
Animal Parade
in Humane Cause
Washington, April 12.—President
Wilson, from the east portico of the
White House, Monday reviewed a pa
rade of work horses and domestic
animals, part of a demonstration of
"Be kind to animals week," being ob
served throughout the country under
auspices of humane societies.
Thousands of persons lined Pen
nsylvania avenue and for an hour the
district between the capital and the
White House took on the aspect of
an inauguration day.
Plump artillery horses from Fort
Meyer, ohubby Clydesdales and Per
cherons, drawing, trucks, of. busi
ness firms, dogs, pet foxes and horn
in* pigeons which had done duty with
the American army in France made
up the long line.
At the end of the procession came
the "horrible example," a neglected
horse, i picture of destitution,
neglect and despair.
GUATEMALA IN REBELLION;
CABRERA OUT; MANY KILLED;
U. S. MARINES IN CAPITAL
Washington, April 12.—The long
threatened revolution in Guatemala
against President Estrada Cabrera
finally has broken out. Reports
to the state department said the op
ponents of the president have gain
ed control of Guatemala City after
some street fighting.
A marine guard from the cruiser
Tacoma and submarine tender Niag
ara has been landed to protect the
American legation.
Many non-combatants have been
killed in Guatemala City, which has
been under shell fire of the forces
of President Cabrera since Thursday
evening
The city is undefended except by
STRIKE GRIPS N. Y. TIGHT;
MOB MOVEMENT SAY UNION
LEADERS, TENDERING AID
Hundreds of Thousands
of Commuters Unable
to Reach City Tasks;
U. S. Troops Unloading
Mail; Millionaires Run
Special Trains.
New York, April 12.—Union labor's
co-operation in an effort to break
the unauthorized strike of railroad
workers here was pledged, Monday
night by representatives" of the four
brotherhoods in conference with rep
resentatives of the eastern roads.
A statement given out after the
meeting characterized the strike as
"a mob movement" and asserted it
was "bound to break."
"The surprising thing about the
strike is that men who are regarded
as conservative have become im
pregnated with radicalism," said J.
6. Walker, secretary of the eastern
roads' bureau of investigation. "The
strike is one fostered purely by
radical influence."
The strike of railroad workers
here presents the most menacing
situation the city has faced since the
unauthorized walkout began. Freight
service virtually was paralyzed and
passenger service, already curtailed,
was further crippled.
United States troops went into
Jersey City to unload stranded mail
trains Monday, and department of
justice agents extended their in
vestigations all over the New York
area.
ONLY F00D0 SPECIALS RECEIVED
The situation Monday night was:
Only freight shipments received
were "specials" of solid food trains
brought from Chicago by the New York
Central, and a few cars which crept in
over the New Haven, and Pennsylvania
railroads.
Mail train schedules were generally
disrupted, and motor trucks were used.
Hundreds of thousands of commuters
living in New Jersey were unable to
reach their places of business in New
York.
Hurl Bar Into Train.
Strike sympathizers committed their
first act of violence, when an iron bar
was hurled through the window of a
Central Railroad of New Jersev train,
injuring a passenger. Train crews of}
four mail trains of the Erie were attack
ed at Port Jarvis, New York, and rail
way officials announced Port Jarvis was
controlled by strikers.
Timothy Shea, first vice president of
the Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire
men. arrived here, accompanied by J. G.
Walker, secretary of the bureau of in
vestigation of the eastern roads, to at
tend a joint conference of railroad man
agers and the four brotherhoods and
other labor leaders were here.
Try to Start Transit Strike.
Mayor Hague, of Jersey Citv, who
had expressed sympathy for the strik
ers. appealed to them to arbitrate.
Warning was issued by Lindley M.
Garrison, federal reviver of the
Brooklyn Rapid Transit company, that
agitators were urging emplnves of
Rapid Transit lines in New 4'ork to
strike.
Railroad officials sought In vain to
learn the source of maintenance of the
strikers.
The justice department began an in
ventory of food stores and big ware
houses, searching for hoarders. Meat,
dealers announced an increase of a cent
a pound in wholesale pieces.
Food Is Being Exhausted.
C. H. Wallace, president of the Fruit
and Produce Exchange commission
merchants and market men. said perish
able food was gradually being exhausted
and the situation was becoming grave.
Railroad officials announced commit
tees would be organised to visit families
of the strikers and urge that they advise
their "bread winners" to return to work.
Hoot Leader Shea.
Strikers in a meeting in Jersey City
Monday night refused to listen to Mr.
Shea when he tried to urge them to re
turn to work, pending a settlement. Each
time he attempted to speak hisses and
(Conttaoed on Page TweJ
volunteers armed with rifles. On
one day the bombardment was kept
up from 10 a. m. until 8 p. m. Shells
fell in various parts of the city and
casualties are believed to have been
heavy.
Cabrera is strongly entrenched in
La Palama, outside the city.
REBELS VICTORIOUS
MEXICO CITY REPORT.
Mexico City, April 12.—The
Estrada Cabrera government in
Guatemala has been overthrown,
say newspaper dispatches. The
revolutionists have formed a new
government with Carlos H errera as
president.
Smoke From City's Big Stack
Can Help Cut Cost of Living
St. Louis. April 12.—Smoke from the
stacks of copper smelters hereafter will
greatly reduce the liigh cost of living,
Charles I,. Parson, of Washington, sec
retary. said in opening the convention
of the American Chemical society here.
Delegates said that the living cost will j
by
be reduced millions of dollars
chemical inventions and discoveries.
A recent discovery by Fred G. Cott
rell, chief metallurgist of the United
States bureau of mines, of a lead sub
stitute in the manufacture of insecti
cides, is expected to save millions of
dollars of farm products and assist in
lowering the cost of these goods.
Experiments in tanning hides of sharks,
chemists assert, will assist :
the cost of leather goods.
"About one billion dollars in farm j
products have been lost each year be-1
cutting I
j
Berlin Bourse in Pandemonium
Over Government's Compulsory
Transfer of Foreign Stocks
i
j
j
!
!
;
Berlin, April 12. — (By the Associat
ed Press).—Pandemomium reigned in
the stock exchange Monday in conse
quence of the putting into effect of an
order for compulsory transfer of foreign
securities held in Germany, as provided
by the peace treaty. Quotations slump
ed: no business was possible; brokers
yelled invectives against the government,
members of the xechange committee were
bodily attacked, and, despite an appeal
from Director Mankiewicz, of the
Deutsche bank, the tumult rose to such
a pitch that the bourse was closed for
the dav.
AGES OF MM
BE CUTTO 21 LIMIT
Senator Proposes Reduction
From 18>28; Refuses to De
cree Compulsion.
Washington, April 12.—The senate
refused Monday to strike out of the
army re-organization bill the provision
for voluntary universal training recently
substituted for the military committee's
plan for obligatory training.
The motion of Senator McKellar,
Democrat, Tennessee, to strike out was
defeated 37 to 1).
The action of the senate was expect
ed to result in carrying the voluntary
training proposal into conference for
adjustment.
Cut Training Limit to 21
Only youths between 18 and 21 would :
be accepted for voluntary training under
an amendment suggested by Chairman
Wadsworth and written into the bill.
Previous age limits were 18 to 28.
Twenty-five Repubicians were joined
by 12 Democrats including Myers, Mon
tana, in retaining the voluntary training
plan. Two Republicans, Borah, of Idaho,
and Gronna, of North Dakota, voted with
seven Democats to eliminate the train
ing sections.
The senate also defeated an amend
ment to require three hours daily educa
tion of all soldiers of the regular army.
KILLED IN AUTO'S PLUNGE.
Anacortes, Wash., April 12.—Ivan
Griffith, aged 17, was killed near here
when an automobile in which he was
riding plunged down an embankment and
turned over.
Advices to the Universal, from
Tapa Chula, state of Chia Päse, say
that the Unionist party is tri
umphant.
The revolution began in the
capital and spread to the interior,
and principal cities. Firing in the
capital continued and the principal
railway is in the hands of the
Unionists.
One report has it that Cabrera
is a prisoner, and another that he
is besieged in his home.
Great excitement prevails thro
ughout the republic. Numerous
Guatemalans are crossing from
Mexico to participate in the revolu
tion.
copper
copnoT^SterT^ndThis laT^eTt
cause insecticides, made chiefly of lead
componds, were beyond the reach of
the poorer farmers," Secretary Parson
explained.
"By Mr. Cottrell's discovery, arsenic
the pre-war
countries.
possible for chemists to substitute calium
magnesium for lead, greatly reducing the !
cost of insecticides.
"Then again, the chemist has kept
down the price of paint. Paint would
be $15 to $16 a gallon, instead of $3 to
$4, if the chemist had not made litho
pome and tilaneum possible as a substi
tute for lead and zinc in paint making."
Delegates say they look on this con
vention as a celebration of the chemical ;
independence of the United states from
dependence upon other i
Whole blocks of securities were dump
_
j fied the government and demanded that
ed on the market but there were no buy
,'rrn , „ .. . .
s ?- v ? . . ossische
' V f' , v e ?? npra îi p 'î. £ a , v,oIe "V7
est ited debating <4ub. Brokers villi
the transfer be stopped and the bourse
committee resign. Vainly did the cooler
heads counsel moderation; they were
howled down and some venerable mem
bers of the principal hanks were jeered."
The government's decision means con
siderable loss to many holders. The
stock exchanges at Hamburg and Frank
fort were also closed.
GMISIKE IS
E
Protest of Trades Union Con
gress and Labor Party Against
Treatment of Prisoners.
: Fl Paso, April 12.^—TTie Mexican gov
Dublin, h April 12.—The officials of
the Irish trades union congress and the
labor party have issued a call to the
workers of Ireland, for a general strike
throughout the country Tuesday, as a
protest against the treatment of politi
cal prisoners.
Mexico Angry When
Yank U-Boats Steam
Into Magdalena Bay
ernment has formally protested and re
quested an explanation from the United
States for the invasion of Mexican ter
ritory by American warships it was
announced here at the Mexican con
sulate. The Mexican authorities, it was
said, charged that the submarine H-l
and four other submarines entered
Magdalena bay in Lower California with
out permission and that after anchor
ing sailors went ashore and pitched
tents.
TAFT WITHDRAWS IN 0RE00N.
Salem, Ore., April 12.—A telegram
has been received by the secretary of
state from William H. Taft, requesting
that Ma name be not allowed to go on
the Republican presidential primary bal
lot in tjregon.
01 Hill I« KUEF
Attorney General Palmer Studies Reports Upon
Rail Tie-Up and Will Announce Decision of Fed
eral Government Today; Army Motor Tracks
Ready to Solve Freight Emergency; Justice Offi
cials Watch for Profiteering and Will Crush It.
Washington, April 12.—New phases of the railway yard
men's strike, Monday, were announcement that the federal gov
ernment might be expected to act upon a decision to be reached
by the department of justice Tuesday, after President Wilson
has appointed the wage adjustment board provided for in the
new Esch-Cummins railroad law—"within 24 hours," a whit©
house announcement said.
The form of action to be taken in that event was not an
nounced, but there were hints that it might come from the post
office department and be based on appeal to the courts upon the
ground of interference with the mails.
Meanwhile Senator Poindexter, Republican, Washington, in
troduced a bill providing imprisonment and fines for persons
interfering with the movement of interstate commerce.
An announcement of Chairman Cummins, of the senate in
terstate commerce committee, that investigation of the strike by
his committee, scheduled to begin Tuesday, would not be con*
ducted at this time, as it was desired to give the new railroad
labor board an opportunity to settle the strike.
Determination of the government's course in the railway
strike awaits further information from justice department
agents,
!
Attorney General Palmer, after conferences with gov
ernment officials, said a decision might be reached Tuesday, add
ing that "the government would not shirk its responsibility."
Meanwhile, White house officials announced that President
Wilson would send to the senate Tuesday, names of nine members
of the railway labor board, created by the transportation act.
Nominations had been delayed, it was added, by time taken in
; selecting representatives of the public on the board, to insure
getting the right men. Men selected for that group had not sig
nified their willingness to act, it was said. '
i
P. 0. Department Told to Watch.
Framers of the transportation act, in
cluding Chairman Cummins, of the
senate interstate commerce committee,
were firm in the opinion that the labor
board would prove an effective agency
to deal with the railway crisis. For that
reason, his committee deferred action on
proposals for a congressional inquiry
Into the strike.
The government Monday sent orders
through the post office department to
iT.Tns^cTors ' and «ilVV maü offidals
' for prompt reports on any obstruction
j or delay of the mails. The department
i of justice will be asked for immediate
j prosecutions, under statutes governing
mail transportation, the telegrams
I
transportation,
stated.
Delay in formulating a program for !
government action under the Lever act, ;
was said by justice department officials !
to be due to a desire for fuller ;
knowledge as to the agencies which caus- j
ed the unauthorized ^walkouts.
Many Signs of I. W. W.
Many official reports from strike
centers have indicated activity of the j
Industrial Weckers of the World, and .
officials said that it was proposed to
determine whether this or any other j
organization was carrying out a a
that would bring it within federal
statutes i
„ , , , ä
Mr. Palmer declared that if federal
action was taken, the government would ,
not enter the controversy^ us a sup- j
porter of either side. Its action, he said,
would be governed by its responsibility
to the people.
It was indicated again that the de- j
partmeut might employ criminal statutes j
if It decided on legal proceedings. j it
Agents of the department reported ;
I. W. W. fomentation in many places,
officials declared. They were said also
to have revealed that members were i
offerlnç financial and moral support to ,
the strikers. .... i
Officials also had under consideration
(Continued on l»nse Two.)
Tumbling L Car
Sifts Passengers
Through Debris
Now York, April 12.—Passengers
on an olevated train had remarkable
escapes from death Monday, when
they were catapulted to the street,
a dlataaoe of 25 feet In the midst of
debris of the car.
The oar was knocked off the ele
vated structure oa the Niath avenue
line by a collision with another train
and demolished. The wreckage was
wedged la between the elevated struo*
tur and the side of a brick baildlng,
a dozen feet away.
The fifteen passengers sifted
through debris to the street and
about a dozen were removed to hos
pitals. The only" woman la the ear
was seriously hrat. The motorman
was misslag. Shoo keepers said they
saw a maa la «alferm raaalag away
after the ear fell.
; in
;
in
j
j
j to
>
!
j
!
to
the
so
CUE'S ESTATE
I Secret Service Agents
Advise Against Place;
Also Lacking in Quar
ters for Vast Staff.
Washington. April 12.— (By The As
!
;
!
;
j
sociated Press).—President Wilson wilt
not establish the summer White Hons«
a t Wood's Hole. Mass.. which had been
* "
but probably will select som«
other place where more accomodation«
are avaiiall i e for the larfre gtaf{ of gec _
Varies and attaches.
It became known Monday that the
announcement that the president had
selected the estate of Charles R. Crane,
minister to China, for his summer home.
was premature. The president had ac
cepted Mr. Crane's offer of a lease, but
it had not been inspected by the secret:
service operatives and White House at
taches.
When White House advance agents
inspected the ground, it is said, they con
eluded that the Crane estate was not
large enough and that the accomoda
tions in the villages were insufficient
for the force from the executive offices.
It also developed that the Crane man
sion is close to a railway track, that
there are several automatic fog signals
in I^ong Island sound close t.o shore and
that the l&yout of the Crane grounds
in relation to the public streets and
sidewalks of Wood's Hole were such
that the street service men advandfcl
what, they termed practical obstacle«
to their regular plans for guarding the
president.
When these considerations were laid
before the president, it was said, he re
luctantly abandoned his plan to go to
Wood's Hole.
Lodge Reservations
Are Political Bunk,
Palmer's Assertion
Savannah. Oa., April 12.—Attorney
General Palmer declared in an address
here that most of the senate reservations
to the peace treaty were "political bunk."
Referring to the vote cast for him in
the Michigan primaries Mr. Palmer said
that he was consoled by the fact that
there was so large a 'German vote' and
so large a 'red radical' vote there and
that a senator of the United States haa
been sentenced to the penitentiary for
twO years."

xml | txt