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Leading Figures Among Women of Nation-Wide Prominence
Will Visit Great Falls During the Coming National Meeting J For four days, Saturday, Sunday,' Monday and Tuesday, June 19-2^ inclu sive, (ireat Falls will entertain 'he re gional convention of the National League of Women Voters. The convention will bring to this city some of the leading figures of the nation among the women and will call together delegates from six states—Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota. Iowa, Wyoming i'.nd Montana. Mrs. James Paige of Minneapolis is the regional director, this being the fifith region in the national organization. The convention will he opened on Sat urday morning, June 19, with an address by iMrs. I'aige. She will present the cause of the league and its purpose* and aims. She will be followed by Governor S. V. Stewart, who has accepted an in vitation to attend the convention and de liver an address. From the opening nr» • til the last number, the program will present things of interest to every wom an and the addresses will be by people who are recognized as authorities in their separate lines. Included in the list of persons who will appear on the pro gram are jurists of the Montana su preme eoi'rt and women who have at tained wide fame because of their intel ligent fight for the cause of woman suf frage and for better living conditions of women and children both in their re spective states and in the United States, as a nation. Among those who will come as speak ers are Mrs. Maud Wood Park of Wash ington, 1>. (\. chairman of the National league of Women Voters; Mrs. Percy V. Penny backer of Texas, chairman of the national child welfare committee: Mrs. Catherine Waugh McCullough of t'hicago, chairman of the committee on laws affecting women; Mrs. Louis F. Slade of New York City, director of the Second region, and Mrs. Taige of Minne apolis. There will also be Associate Justice William L. Holloway, of the Montana supreme court; Judge Sidney Sanner, former associate justice of the supreme court, and Judge E. K. Cheadle of Ivewistown. The thing which the local committee feels is of utmost importance to the women of Montana is the plan to form a permanent league in this state. It will be given attention on Monday. June 21. On Monday evening a banquet to the delegates will be the feature. Because of the coming of this impor Seeking to See Great Falls by Air Route During Their Early Youth Two Great Falls Boys Are Now Viewing the World by Ship and Plane Riding a hobby while youngsters, two (ireat Falls men are still favoring their inclinations, and at the same time serv ing Uncle Sam. Over 10 years ago, two young lads ' John M. Horan Jr.. the 12-year-old -on of Mr. and Mrs. John M. Horan. 2f>2<» Second avenue south, and Frank New man, 14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Antone Newman of .'»120 lïrst avenue south, tried their hand at building a monoplane. At that time monoplanes U. S. S. Idaho, One of the Best in Service rm&' fKX . M mttm ,vt ' I ! '*? ''Sv 4 ' r: ■iv m * *«>•••. m ~ * .-■«te .y *4 mm J v. <V ts already made excellent record in the i t New battleship, launched only a year ago at the Philadelphia navy yards, hn Berrioe. I I ' j ; I i j i ■ I ULLIES HIT TURKEY Times in Constantinople Are Now Much Different Than During the War. By PAUL WILLIAMS. (Chicago Tribune Foreign News Ser vice). Constantinople, June 3.—Fezzes are fewer in Constantinople than for per haps 50 years, and the number of them seen on the streets is decreasing every day. This is quite a difference from war time, when every man, by decree of the nultan. worp no other headgear in pub lic. If he did. some Turk knocked off the offending lid. probably poked the offender iu the eye, and saw that he was placed in prison. The armistice forecast more freedom in men's wear. When allied troops came to the n'ty thousands of non-Moslems took off MRS. MAUD WOOD PARK President of the National League of Women Voters who will speak here June 19. tant meeting of women of the northwest. interest centers in what the National League of Women Voters is. what its purposes ar" and what may be expected of it. from the political angle. There is special significance in a study of these things just now since one of the leading parties will have nominated a candidate for president of the United States and the other party will nominate its candi date before the end of the month. Naturally, even the noliticians will be interested in what they me- exneet from the National League of Women Voters. But more important than what the poli ticians may exneet is what the women and the children may exneet. of the or ganization. for it is conceded that the problems which the women will attack in their new realm of work because of their privilege of casting ballots and helping to determine the officials who direct the government will be the prob lems affecting child life. Answering the questions as to its aims and purposes, j ! , ' i ( I I and all other forms of planes were little j known, but the two boys had a natural kria' k at mechanics. Today the two boys, now grown to met), are still following their natural bent. One. Frank J. Newman, is at tached to the U. S s. Aroostook as an aviation tender. John Martin Horan is a seaman on the U. S. S. Idaho. Their homes are still in <ireat Falls. The men are still learning their trade I while serving in-the navy, and although their fez7.es and used them for foot balls. Then they went down to the store to byv a hat. The demand for more modern coverings for the sconce exhausted the supply, and some of the styles late comers had to satisfy them I selves with caused their wives to fore ! go the usual family promenade on Sun : <lay afternoon. Evil Is Corrected. ; But time and imports corrected the evil, so that every n an could put on his ■ liai and regard himself in a mirror witli ' out shame. i piipjnosip Rtna[soj^--noa [[u iou injf I the fez. Thousands continued to wear I them because they thought it good pol icy; some hoped thereby to conceal I from the general public their true na tionality. and many had other private land particular reasons. But these be ' gan taking to new top pieces about j three months ago, when the attitude of allied personnel here experienced a ; marked ehanT". It cooled materially and in a considerably number of in stances personal friendship between the allied personnel and the Turks altered to a mere nod or that "I never saw you before" look. The city's best hatters smiled smugly «« their daily balances grew. Europoans Shed Fezzes. The allies officially occupied Constan tinople March 10. That week residents of the Kuropcan quarter shed fezzes like they were an affliction. Another effect of the occupation upon the lion Mosclcms was to embolden them to : I \ j ' ! ^something of the history of the league is in order. The League of Women Voters was or ganized at St. Louis March 24-25, 1919, in connection with the 50th annual con vention of the National American Wom an Suffrage association. This associa tion invited women voters to attend and urged them to organize in commemora tion of the 50th anniversary oc the first grant of woman suffrage in the world on equal terms with men, and «if the 50th anniversary of the organiiatV.n of the first national suffrage association in the United States. A survey of the field gave conclusive evidence of the need for a strong or ganization to look after the political af fairs pertaining to the women, although the work for_whieh the suffrage associa tion whose 50th anniversary was then being celebrated had practically been achieved, and so it was decided to per fect an organization to look after the political rights of women and to iustruct them in the matters concerning which : j | j , • j ; i ! ! | -v m y % MRS. PERCY V. PEJiN Y BACKER ChaJrman of the child welfare commit j the ^ alional League they did not make a total success as fliers in (ireat Falls while lads, by the time they receive their discharge from the navy they will probably be able to construct and pilot any make of air ma chine. Is One of Larqest. Of the great superdreadnuaughts fly ing the American flag and plowing the seven seas, the U. S. S. Idaho is one of the most prominent and most efficient. The Idaho is one of the latest additions ! j j 1 ward the Turks. Time was when the authority of the Turk was recognized by Turkish subjects not of his race bv the many little tokens of respect. It was once the custom that should a nou Moselcm, a wealthy merchant riding upon a blooded ass, chan<> to meet upon the road an humble Turk he would dts mount and bow obeisance. Those were the happy days—for the Turks. Today in < 'onstantinople, should a prosperous Turk chance to brush against an hum ble non-Moselem the non-Moselem may turn his head to say: "You murderer!" Which, as I recall it, is rather tinbib lieul conduct. Condemn Grange Head Who Urges Farmers to Help N. P. L. Plan Aberdeen. Wash., June ?>.- William ) Bouck. master of the Washington State Grange, in convention here was strongly j condemned, and the use by him of the Liberty auditorium, a war subscription ] building was deprecated in a resolution ■ passed by the Aberdeen post, American : legion, following the delivery by Bouck of a speech in which lie urged the grange ; to demand the repeal of the criminal j syndicalism act ami the adoption of the North Dakota Non-partisan league program. In the resolution the Amcri- j ran legion membership declines to be- , Hieve that the Bouck address reflects i they need knowledge in order that they might perform the duty of intelligent citizenship. It followed that the Na tional League of Women Voters was formed. Here is the way the official heads of the league set for the aims of the league: The first aim of the League of Women Voters is naturally to complete the full enfranchisement of the women of this ! country. In several states where the j legislatures stand ready to ratify and j where the entire delegation in congress I is willing at all times to support the I passage of the federal amendment, there I is comparatively little for the League of j Women Voters to do upon the direct suf ! frage program. In such states, the pro I posed new work may be undertaken at j once. The next objective of the League of Women Voters is the support of a pro I gram of legislation which aims to im prove the American electorate and con ! sequently our entire political system of j government. The preparation for war I revealed the fact that an appalling pro I portion of the electorate is illiterate. I Because of this, the preparations for I war among the drafted men and in eivil j ian work through the country, were j tremendously handicapped. To clear our country from the menace which inevit ably threatens a democracy, including so large an ignorant vote, is one of the aims of the League of Women Voters. The direction of this work has been placed under the first of eight commit tees authorized by the League of Women Voters and is known as the committee on American citizenship. The following constitutes its program: 1. Compulsory education in every state for all children between six and sixteen, nine months of each year. 2. Education of adults by extension classes of the public schools. 3. English made the national language by making it compulsory in all public and private schools where courses in general education are conducted. 4. Higher qualifications for citizenship and more sympathetic and imoressive ceremonials for naturalization. 5. Direct citizenship for women, not citizenship through marriage, as a quali fication for the vote. <i. Naturalization for married women to be made possible. 7. Compulsory publication in foreign to Uncle Sam's first line of defense; ! she takes a leading role in the war games played by the newly formed Pa j cific fleet. So that, while Horan is still learning j a trade and serving Uncle Sam. he is also seeing the world, and practicing at the greatest gaine in the world, war. The Idaho is the best in gunnery. Early in this year her gun pointers es tablished a record for ships of the Ida ho's class when they made nine bulls eyes out of some o0 shots at a distance of _0,000 yards—nearly 12 miles. When it is considered that it is prac tically impossible to sec the targets with the naked eye at this long range, the plainer can lie seen the expertness of the "men behind the guns." These mon ster 14-inch guns hurl a projectile weigh ing 1,500 pounds at a distance of 22 miles when extreme elevation is main tained. In order to fire at this great distance airplanes are utilized to direct j the gun pointers. Keeps the "Eyes" Clear. It is here that such men as Newman ! and Horan arc required, to keep the air- ; planes in first class mechanical shape, j so that the "eyes of the navy" may be ! kept at all times on the alert. The owner of a Ford automobile, pro- j vided he had the space in his tanks, could : drive his machine 30.000.000 miles on ! the lubricating oil carried in the tanks of j the Idaho. One million, three hundred I thousand gallons of lubricating oil is j carried when this great battler is ready for the sea. The heavy armor of the Idaho, if ham mered into one-quarter inch plate. wouM cover the city of Cleveland, and would make a complete half-inch steel shell JOHN M. II OKA > Great Falls boy serving in the U. S. navy. the sentiment of the farmers of the state. Von Brincken Wants to Change His Name to Roger Beckwith San Francisco, June 3.— M ilhelm F. von Brincken, former German consular attache here, who served two years in a federal prison upon his conviction of h charge of violating United States neutrality by fomenting revolution in India against <ireat Britain, has pcti- ; tioned the superior court to change his name to Koger Beckwith. In his peti tion, Yon Brincken asserts that his name j lias been handicapping him since his re- j lease. Beckwith is the name of a cousin i by marriage of von Brincken. I language newspapers of lessons in citi-6 zenship. 8. Schools of citizenship in conjunc tion with the public schools, a certificate from such schools to be a qualification for naturalization and for the vote- r 9. An oath of allegiance to the United States for every citizen native and for eign born to be one qualification for the vote. 10. An educational qualification for the vote in all states after a definite date to be determined. The necessity for protecting the health and conditions of women in industry, has led to the establishment of a second committee, to be known as the protection of women in industry. The following program of general principles for this committee has been adopted: 1. Abolition of child labor and com pulsory education of all children from the age of G to 16 years. 2. Eight-hour day, and 44-hour week and a weekly day of rest. Photo by Heyn. MRS. EDWIN" I.. N OR RIS Chairman of the Montana League of Women Voters. about the city of Great Falls, enclosed on all sides, with enough left over to add another half inch of thickness to a large portion of the sides and top. She burns 4.000 incandescent lights, reached by over 100 miles of wire. Her great electric searchlights are so power ful that one can read a newspaper by their light at. a distance of 15 miles. By the press of a single button in the conning tower or on the bridge of this wonderful fighting machine, the entire broadside of twelve 14-inch guns can be fired. Wireless Telephone System. The wireless set on board is capable of sending a radio message at a distance of 2.500 miles; receiving the same. The wireless telephone conversations can be carried on with perfect effect at a dis tance of 21) miles. This huge warship can be steered from five different points in the ship, and by either hand, steam or electricity. Twen ty-five thousand gallons of fresh water is used every 24 hours. This is all evap orated from salt water by the ship's large evaporators. If is conceded that this is the purest water in the world. One thousand tons of salt water is used as a ballast, if the occasion neces sitates. The Idaho, when in fighting trim. carries a crew of 1,4^0 officers and enlisted men. The displacement of the Idaho is 500 tons. She cost about $20.000.000. "Eyes of the Navy," Used to Spot Shots •v. - S*' ft Rr;* •v... wr..,--.Ft,-, i ■ . ■V* <'K v '•Vf •.w mm Picture shows airplane taking off from the I*. S. S. Arooatock. going out for night bombing practice. Upper picture shows bombs dropping around targets. l»uttle<«l)ips u rU equipped with Jarjje canvas screens which cover the ship from stem to stern. The [»lanes drop lighted bombs, which, drooping on the canvas, show tVc hits made by the plane*, insert at left nhows Prank J. Newman, of this city, aviation tender ou the Arooutock. * Abolition of night work for women , and minors. 4. The, establishment of minimum ; wage commissions in every state with renrcseutation of employers and em- j ployes and both men and women com- j missioners. : 5. Equal pay for equal work and : wages based on occupation and not upon sex. _ _ j 6. Right of workers to organize and j to bargain collectively through their chosen representatives. 7. The establishment of state and fed- j eral employment systems and the estab- j lishment upon a permanent basis of the women in industry service of the United States department of labor. : It is further recommended that in*' every state department of labor there be appointed men and women commis- i sioners. and in every state department of labor there be also established women's bureaus for the protection and welfare : of women workers. : MRS. F. J.oris SLADE One of the speakers coming to the re gional convention of the League of Wom en Voters. and was built and placed in commission in three years. Captain Carl T. Vogel gesang. U. S. N„ is her commanding of ficer and Commander Ralston S. Holmes, U. S. N.. is her executive officer. Travels Much in Year. Although the Idaho was commissioned at the navy yards of Philadelphia only a year ago, ter crew has had an opportu nity to see a great deal of the country. Her trial trip, "shake down" cruise, was made to Cuba. She returned to New York and then made a trip to Brazil, with the president of that country as the guest of the American government, Returning to Hampton Roads. Va., she joined the Pacif.y fleet and made the famous trip to the*Pacific coast as a member of Admiral Rodman's fleet, She cruised up the .southern California coast, and her crew was given a chance in the navy today have every opporta nity for travel, to learn a trade and bef ter fit themselves for positious in civil ian life. That the life of the navy has changed Just another proof that men enlisting to take shore "leave at nearly all ports. She then went to San Francisco where the fieet was reviewed by the secretary of the navy, and thence to Seattle and the great I'uget Sound navy yard at Bremerton. Wash. The Idaho is now in southern Califor nia taking part in the maneuvers of the Pacific fleet. 8. Adequate appropriation and inspec tion force in each state department of labor and a special bureau of women in industry in each. 9. Inclusion of women as duly consti tuted members of any national or inter national labor commission. The League of Women Voters author ized the following eight committees. No program was adopted for legislation un der any of these committees wirh the exception of that on American citizen ship and on protection of women in in dustry as above stated. 1. American citizenship. 2. Protection of women in industry, rt. Child welfare. 4. Improvement of election laws and methods. 5. Social hygiene. 0. Unification of laws concerning civil status of women. 7. Food supply and demand. 8. Research. The League of Women Voters in pledged to nonpartisanship and this ex pression has curiously aroused some an tagonism from party workers who have failed to comprehend the meaning of the word. The i-eague of Women Voters is also nonseitarian. but that would not oe interpreted as meaning that none of its members could join the church of her choice; su nonpartisan does not niejiii that the members of the league arc to be denied the freedom to join the party of their choice. The League of Women Voters, being n section of the National American S;if frage association, like ail its auxiliaries, must agree to the constitution and rul;\s of that association. The following reso lutioii was passed at the recent conven tion held in St. Louis, for the purp<<se of defining the term nonpartisan: ''Resolved. That the N. A. W. S. A. shall not affiliate with any political party, nor endorse the platform of any party nor support or oppose any political candidates unless such action shall be recommended by the board of directors in order to achieve the ends am! pur poses of this organization as set forth in the constitution. Nothing in this rcs«> lution shall be construed to limit the liberty of action of any member or offi cer of this association to join or serve the party of her choice in any capacity whatsoever as an individual.'' ! during the past few years, so that an ol I 1 salt of the Süs would now have a hard i time to realize his service on board a man o war. is generally known. This is largely because of the "new blood" which has been injected into Uncle Sam's fleet during war time, much the same a« the revamping of the army during the years of '17, 'IS and '19. Men Are "Staying In." Men from the highest stations in life, as well as men from more lowly posi tions enlisted "for the duration." After the navy had earned her slogan. "She took them over, and she brought them back." one of the hardest tasks a navy was ever set to do. that of transporting over a million men a distance of 4.00O miles over submarine-infested waters, many of the new men stayed with the service rather than accept a discharge. Some of them have even taken it as their vocation for life. It is a well known fact that a sailor after he has spent one "hitch" in the navy, always has a hankering to go back. This, in itself, is the biggest advertise ment the navy can ever get. Although men of the caliber of Horan and Newman are required in the service of Uncle Sam. yet there are many oppor tunities for men in any other walk of life, or of any other vocation, and the cb.inee is always given any recruit, after enlistment, to follow his natural bent, or to continue- to "ride his hobby."