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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
W. M. BOLE, Editor O. S. WARDEN. Manager ED IT OR IAL PA CE LEONARD G. D1EHL THE EXISTING LEAGUE. How futile it is for Republican supporters of Senator Harding to talk about a "concert of nations" or a "world association." Senator Harding and his friends know that no such thing is possible. They know that the League of Nations is in existence, that forty nations have joined it, that it is operating. These friends of the Republican candidate know that all his talk about forming a new as sociation is pure bunk, that the nations which have become members of the League of Nations will not desert it for something that is not in existence but is only in the mind of a candidate who is wobbling on a great world issue. The people of this country who vote for Hard ing in the belief that he will be able to bring about such an association are voting for him under a misapprehension. He cannot do so. The only honorable thing to do is to join the nations of the world in the League of Nations, to take our part in world peace and add our influence to this great existing body. This can only be accomplished through the election of Governor Cox who stands squares for the league and this country's entry into it. Senator Harding has stated that he is opposed to the league and will turn his back upon it. The Democratic committee and the Demo cratic candidate, Gov. Cox, have been prompt to accept the challenge of Senator Harding and make the League of Nations issue the para mount issue of the campaign. Flinging a direct challenge into the Harding camp, Senator Pat Harrison, chairman of the speakers bureau of the Democratic national committee, has wired Senator Harry S. New, chairman of the speakers bureau of the Republican national committee, urging that arrangements be made for one or more joint debates between Governor Cox and Senator Harding, the topic to be the main issue of the campaign—the League of Nations. "I want the Republican national committee to know further that every speaker throughout the United States, under the auspices of the Demo cratic national committee, will be glad to grant a division of time at any of their meetings from now on until election, to discuss with any advo cate of the candidacy of Senator Harding the position of Senator Harding on the League of , Nations. Senator Harrison's telegram to Senator New follows : "In order that the public may arrive at the truth of the issue between Governor Cox and Senator Harding on the League of Nations I respectfully propose to you that Senator Hard ing meet Governor Cox in joint debate on this subject at any time and place convenient to him and you. Governor Cox has said, M favor going in.' In his speech at Des Moines Senator Hard ing said, 'I stand for rejection.' "That the people may make up their minds after mature consideration on this great issue, such a joint debate as I propose will be a most effective means of bringing out the facts. As chairman of the speakers bureau of the Demo cratic national committee I should be glad to cancel any dates or arrangements already made for Governor Cox's itinerary in order to accom modate such a joint debate." THE FARMER AND HIS VOTE. All parties cater to me farmer, especially about election time, and Senator Harding, the Republican candidate, is no exception to the rule of politicians who seek to coddle the farmer vote about this time. He has been telling them all the fine things he will do for them if they vote for him in sufficient numbers to elect him. In particular he has been promising them a good many advantages they already have under the present administration of the Department of Agriculture, and this causes the secretary of ag riculture a pain, especially as his efforts to give these things to the farmers have been consider ably crippled by the refusal of a Republican congress to furnish the needed funds for them. The secretary of agriculture points out the fact that: "Senator Harding suggests that the proper administration of the Farm Loan act would help the general situation. Under this act, passed by a Democratic congrfess, $360,000,000 has been loaned direct to the farmers, and $80,000, 000 through the joint stock banks provided for in the same legislation. An attack upon the Farm Loan act has been made by large financial institutions, loan companies, etc. As a result, it has not been possible for the Farm Loan board to function effectively for some months and it will not be able to do so until the pending case is decided by the supreme court. "Senator Harding feels that a study of the cost of producing and marketing farm products should be made. Careful studies have been made, and are now being made, of the cost of producing several important crops. This work has been developed under a Democratic admin istration to the extent of available funds and facilities. It was hoped to increase its scope and effectiveness during the present fiscal year. A definite program having this end in view was worked out and presented to the last session of congress, but sufficient funds were not provided to prosecute the work on an adequate scale. Notwithstanding the present inadequate appro priation, important progress has been made and the work is being pushed as vigorously as possi ble under existing conditions. "It should be borne in mind, also, that a Bu reau of markets was established in 1913 for the purpose of stdying marketing problems and pro cesses, including the costs of marketing, and of aiding in bringing about improvements. Prior to the creation of the bureau, little attention had been given to these vital and complex questions. A request for funds to properly conduct the work of the bureau was made and the matter was thoroughly presented and urged before the ap propriate committees of congress, but, never theless, because of the general order which had gone out from the Republican organization that 'economy' must be shown, the appropriation for the purpose not only was not increased but, on the contrary was reduced by approximately $239,000, thus making it necessary to curtail this valuable work in many directions. "In the Bureau of Markets there are twelve divisions, each handling special lines, such as livestock, grain, cotton, fruits, vegetables, etc. The positions of chiefs of seven of these divi sions are now vacant, due to the fact that men competent to handle the large problems involved which so vitally affect the farmer cannot be secured for the salary which the department can pay under the limitation fixed by congress. I urged upon congress the necessity of increas ing the existing limitation so that it might be possible to secure and retain competent and trained men for these and other important posi tions, but this again was refused by a Repub lican congress. "It is all very well for Senator Harding, or any other candidate, to talk to the farmer in glowing general terms of what should be done, but this record of neglect of the Republican con gress shows that Senator Harding and the Re publican party have talked rather than acted on matters regarding agriculture for the benefit of the American farmers. I believe that the farm ers have too long listened to glittering general ities and generous promises without attempting to distinguish between promises and actual per formances. "When more people realize the very great im portance, from a national standpoint, or render ing every service possible to agriculture and when more attention is given to the cost of pro ducing and of marketing farm products, a better situation will exist and the whole business struc ture of America will be on a sounder basis. With this in mind, the American farmers should scan the splendid achievements of the Department of Agriculture during the present Democratic ad ministration and the vicious record of Repub lican neglect before casting their votes this fall." ©pinions of ©tfjens OUTBOUND LINER BE BETTER. (St. Paul Pioneer Press.) It is wrong to say there is no place for anarchists in this country. Any jail or penitentiary is suitable. REQUIRES A WILL TO WORK. (5>ew Orleans Times-Democrat.) There is. a Washington dispatch announces, "a job for every man if he can find it." And always provided in addi tion that he wants to find it. ANOTHER OLD-TIMER FOR DISCARD. (Toledo Blade.) With the women enfranchised'it will be good policy for political speakers to put the soft pedal on that "plain pee-pul' stuff. SHOWS IT HAS SOME CONSTITUTION. (Dallas News.) There have been five amendments to the federal consti tution in the last .">() years, and the government still lives. THE HORRORS OF GRAPE JUICE. (Houston Post.) Bryan says in his Commoner that the Democratic party has traded the constitution and the ten commandments for a glass of beer. NEVER TOUCHED CUPID. (Baltimore American.) So far the right of suffrage does not. seem to have inter fered in any appreciable way with the normal progress of the wedding march. IT'S ALL OFF WITH THEM. (New York Telegraph.) Now that the government is beginning to appoint women enforcement agents T look to see the bootlegger booted. WE DONT BELIEVE IT'S CATCHING. (Philadelphia Record.) An Italian Socialist imprisoned in Naples has started a hunger strike. What a blessing if all the reds would catch the fever! HAS MARSHALL WIRED CONDOLENCES? (Detroit Free Press.) M. Millerand has now entered upoo a period of serol ohscurity as president and entertainer in chief of the French republic. REGULAR OLD STANDPATTER. (Baltimore Sun.) We may have radicals in this country, out the man who has charge of price reductions isn't one of them. CASE OF SOUR GRAPES WITH THEM. (Washington Post.) Many abusers of the senate would sell their souls Ho sit in those seats of the ungodly. THE HASKIN LETTER By FREDERIC HASKIN PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS. XX.—The MeKinley-Bryan Race of 1900. Washington, D. C„ Oct. 7.—Long be fore the national conventions met in the summer of 1900 everybody knew that the Republicans would renominate President McKinley, and that the Democrats would again follow the leadership of Mr. Bryan. McKinley' s renomination was made cer tain because of the great prosperity which blessed the country, because of the successful issue of the war with Spain, and because of the perfection of the or ganization of the Republican party un der Mr. Hanna and the coterie of Re publican senators that stood with the administration. Bryan's renomination was made certain by his popularity with the rank and file of his party, notwith standing the bitter and intense opposi tion of the "gold" Democrats. The renomination of Bryan in j.900 is the only instance of the renomination of an unsuccessful candidate for pres ident in the campaign next after his dpfeat. Jackson was a candidate in 1828 after his defeat in 1824. but as he had the plurality of both popular und elect oral votes in the first race, and as there were no party nominations then, his case is not a precedent. Henry Clay was three times a candidate for presi dent, but only orn'e was he the recognized nominee of a party, and that was in the campaign after the one in which he was defeated for the Whig nomination by General Harrison. Grover Cleveland was nominated in 1802 after his defeat in 18S8. but as he had served one term in the White House he could not be considered a wholly unsuccessful candi date. No man who has met defeat at every turn of his career in national politics has been able long to retain the leader ship of one of the two great parties with the single exception of Mr. Bryan. New Factors In Politics. Between the presidential campaign of 189G and 1900 things had happened which were to change the whole course of American national life. War was declared on Spain, and in less than four months it was over. The American victory was complete and the I'nited States had suddenly become a "world power," in the sense that the phrase is used in European chancellor ies. As the result of the war the United States found itself in the possession of several things it had never had before. There were the colonies— the Philippines Porto Rico and Guam. There was the protectorate—Cuba. There was the church lands question. There was the extra-territorial tariff problem and the question. "Does the constitution follow the flag?" In addition to these new things, the nation also had a new crop of war heroes. Chief among these was Theodore Roosevelt. Others were Ad mirals Dewey, Schley, Sampson and Lieutenant Ilobson. Mr. Bryan had en deavored to become a war hero, also, but the regiment which he commanded was not permitted to get further away than Tampa. How Dewey Queered Himself. Admiral Dewey was the great naval hero. Naturally, he was discussed as a candidate for president. He made the fatal mistake of taking the first "men tion" as seriously as if. it had been a call from the notification committee of a national convention. He accepted a nomination in advance of its being of fered, and was promptly laughed into oblivion. Sampson and Schley were in volved in a controversy that removed both of them from the hero class. Gen eral Joe Wheeler had been a "rebel gen a I ; ' 1 j ! i ! THE JUGGLER! Copyright. 1920. 6y The Prsss Publishing Co. (The New York E venins World.) By J. H. Cassel r» /*• I I i < f sJtJr'VA I f \ O* A? I -Ai 1 ./ I ! 7 . r ■x ;,iv 1 S5* .. 9* S? f > W ■a ' t A \ A V \ I 1 0^55** V,> X mM met** eral" and was out of the question po litically. General Nelson A. Miles and Colonel William Jennings Bryan did not get to the front. Thus, it happened that when two years had gone by and the country faced another quadrennial struggle for the presidency, it found that the war with Spain had produced but one genuine war hero who had lasted. That was Colonel Roosevelt. He hadn't been high in com mand in the army, but he had organized a picturesque regiment and had done many picturesque things. He had actual ly participated in a battle and had proved his eagerness to fight. The Republicans of New York had tak en him up and bad elected him governor not so much because tney wanted 'lins, but because he was the only man who could win. As has happened since, the Republican bosses found that a governor so selected might be entirely too self willed to rule the roost at Albany to suit the organization. In those days the will of Thomas C. Piatt was law in the Republican organization in New York state. Not even Mr. Roosevelt openly opposed it then. But Piatt knew that he could not hold Roosevelt dow.n, so he decided to get. rid of him. He would kick him upstairs. Putting Roosovelt in the Waste Basket. Therefore he went to the Republican convention at Philadelphia with bis plans all laid. The nomination of McKinley was assured, although there was a little. Roosevelt talk from the western states, states that had gone for Bryan four years before. Hanna a.nd his senatorial coterie ruled everything. There were Piatt and Quay. Fairbanks and Allison, Depew and Foraker, Wolcott and Lodge, and the convention was going as they directed. Hanna wanted Cornelius N. Bliss or Senator Allison nominated for vice presi dent, Vice President Hobart having died in office. Piatt took Quay into his scheme. They must get rid of Roose velt. So they organized the willing west erners and began whooping it up for Roosevelt for second place. The dan gerous man was to be buried alive in the vice presidency. Colonel Roosevelt was already a can didate for President for the campaign of 1904. He believed that his interests could be advanced more readily if he re mained governor of New York than if he were made vice president. He pro tested with earnestness and vehemence. He fought as hard as he possibly could, but the enthusiasm for the one war hero who had weathered the storms of two years was so great that, it could not be overcome. More especially when man aged by two veteran manipulators like Piatt and Quay. So it was that Theo dore Roosevelt was kicked upstairs and put on the shflf "where he would never bother national politics again ; " The Democrats met in Kansas City jon July 4 and the Silver Republicans I met in the same city on the same day. ; There was a great fight, led by David ' B. Hill of New York, to prevent the 1 specific reiteration of the free silver [plank, pf 1896. but Mr. Bryan insisted and the plank went in. Adlai Stevenson, j who tad been elected vice president with ! Grover Cleveland in 1892, was given the i second place on the ticket. The Silver ! Republicans promptly nominated the same candidates. Later in the campaign the anti-Imperialist convention met and endorsed Bryan. The Gold Democrats called a convention, but it was decided not to make any nominations. Many of the leaders of the Palmer and Buckner following came back into the party and Every Little Bit Added to Your Crop Money Helps Just That Much Let your spring working fund be increasing at the rate of 4 per cent interest in one of our Certificates of Deposit for the next six months. GREAT NATIONAL 8ANI. *pSiren&A MtJSarriem ESTABLISHED s supported Mr. Bryan, but the large ma joritv of the rank and file of the Cleve land faction went into the Republican P art >'- . „ » Bryan s Decline Me . Bryan again took the stump and made a great speaking tour. He was met everywhere with great enthusiasm, but. he did not stir the depths that he had reached in 1896. Mr. McKinley, being president, was very quiet in the campaign, but Colonel Roosevelt took the stump and flayed Bryan with char acteristic zeal. Mr. Bryan had attempted to make "imperialism" the paramount issue in the campaign. Many conservatives were intense in their opposition to the inau guration of a colonial system. Repub licans and conservative Democrats who looked unon the Bryan of 1896 with hor ror were willing to follow him in 1900. There is no question but that the Bryan vote among the educated classes was greater in the second campaign than in the first. But among other classes Mr. Bryan could not hold his own. The Republicans made "the full dinner pail" the para mount. issue. As for the colonial policy, that was manifest destiny and duty to humanity. The thing to talk about was prosperity. The country was prosper ous and was becoming more so every day. It was entering upon the most propit ious era of its industrial history. The people seldom turn out an administration in good times. Therefore, Mr. McKinley was re-elec ted by a much greater majority than he had received four years before. There was never a time during tl^e campaign when McKinley was in any danger of defeat. The Democrats accepted nis re election as a matter of course. The mingling of northern and southern sol diers in the campaiagns in Cuba and the Philippines had obliterated the last vest ige of the old sectional strife, and when President McKinley made his southern tour he buried the "bloody shirt" for all time to come. Part of the pay of Roman soldi«rs consisted of salt—hence the word "sal American Bank & Trust Co. oi Great Fails OFFICERS: R. P. ReekardB President W. K. Flowerree.Vice-President H. G. Leacher..^... Vice-President F. O. Nelson « Cashier P. A Fisher Assistant Cashier DIRECTORS: w w. Halght C. K. Heia«* Frank W. Mitchell Albert J. Foudek J. J. Flaherty C. B. Robert* L. E. Foster Alfred Malmbera Robert Cameron Clyde Wilco* F. O. Nelson Charles Horning R. P. Reckords W K. Flowerre« H. G. Löscher Walter Kenned? Chas. Gles Wm. Grills Fred A. Woehn«» Charles R. Taylor E. L. Non-U 4% Interest on Time Certlncatea ui Savings Accounts.