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GREAT FAILS DAILY TRIBUNE
thirty-second year GREAT FALLS, montana, thursday morning, october 21, 1920. price five cents COX DEMANDS THAT ROOT RETRACT STATEMENT State Bankers Condemn Federal Reserve Board POLES SEND EVASIVE ANSWER TO NOTE ASSOCIA TION MEMBERS CHARGE EXCHANGE IS USED A GAINS T THEM Assertions Made That Governor Harding Made Use of Fee for Check Cashing to Compel Joining ; o c i. r" c j. o c n . • jome support Liiven system berore Convention rr - - t But Changes Are Insisted Upon. Washington, Oct. 20.—W hile a survey of the financial policies of the government by Secretary Houston drew the attention of del egates at the general session of the American Bankers' association convention, state bankers, in their section meeting which followed, brought the federal reserve system administration under fire. RESTATES HIS Reward Offered Anyone Proving Has Changed; Tariff Discussed. Jackson, O.. Oct. 20.—Replying to Governor Cox's charges of inconsistency ou the League of Nations issue, Sena tor- Harding offered to "give a reward" to anyone who would produce specific evidence of a change of position «iiww« lie accepted the Republican nomination for the presidency. Mr. Harding also asserted that if he had no specific plan for a world associ ation, the same was true of Governor Cox, who had not told the people what reservations to the Versailles covenant he was willing to take. "I do not believe in very much of the president's league," said the Republi can nominee. "And if the Democratic candidate wants to regard this as my 13th change. I give him notice that I have one more yet to give him, because, you know, I am entitled to 14. "I have said from the beginning that we wouldn't have the Wilson covenant and I say that to you again now. But I have said repeatedly that America will gladly play her part in a suitable association of nations which does not involve the surrender of American sov ereignty, which is built upon ideals of justice rather than force, and 1 say that again. Not With Article X "I have not, of course, specified just how we would go do it, because I am going to be called upon to make good. | But my countdvmen never with Article 1.0 the heart of the league. That is a heart of steel under a coat of mail, while we j want a heart and soul of justice for a I better order in the world. j Who is Specific? "I hope that does not leave-you in any very great doubt. Let me ask you a question, have you heard any one who is insisting upon specific plans? Have you heard of any one who tells us they will take the Wilson league with interpreta tions or reservations, and have you heard any of themwith their glibness of tongue tell you what reservations they are go ing to take? No, you haven't." The senator's reference to the league was made in the course of a speech at a Republican barbecue here, attended by several thousand people from southern Ohio and neighboring states. Beside the league issue, the Republican nominee at tacked the Democratic party as a party of "phrase-making" and_ praised the Re publican protective policy as nn exam ple of constructive "performance." Phrase Making. "The truth is,"he said "that with all the progressive tongues and all the liter acy of our opponents, it is still the Re publican party, not only as to tariff pro tection but as to every other kind of pro tection which stands as the safeguard of America. It is a simple matter to make phrases; it is much more difficult to perform, but it is on their respective records as phrase makers and as preform - (Continued ou l'use Two.) HAITI MUST REMAIN UNDER MILITARY, ADMIRAL STATES Washington, Oct. 20.—Achievements of American intervention in Haiti will have been "lost" unless military occupa tion of the country is continued "a great many years" rear Admiral Harry S. Knapp, recently sent to Haiti at the re quest of the state department to study conditions, declared in a statement made public here Wednesday. Replying to a letter from Charles McKinley of Portland, forwarded by Secretary Daniels and asking, among other questions, when the United States would withdraw from Haiti, Admiral Knapp's statement said: "I cannot answer this for the ad ministration, but in my personal view, the work of the American intervention will have been practically lost if the United States withdraws its military forces fftr a great many years to come. "I anii 'not hopeful that the old ideas of graft, of public office as a means of > <»> They adopted resolutions "condemn ing and depreciating methods employed bv the board" in its relations with state banks which are not members of the re serve system, although the board did not lack defenders during the discussion. Indignation against the board's regu lation compelling the collection of checks and remittances of the face amount at par was freely expressed. Governor Harding was styled a "usurper" of auth ority, and a committee was named to seek amendment of the reserve act so as to "guarantee to all bankers the rights and privileges" of fixing a charge on the handling of checks drawn on all except ing local banks. Speakers declared Governor Harding had "employed" force and coercion by forcing the use of the par-clearance sys tem, under which many state banks were said to have been compelled to enter the reserve system or lose certain classes of business. Charles de Claiborne of New Orleans, declared the service given by the banks in the transfer of checks was legitimate, and that the banks were entitled to com pensation. He asserted that the ar rangements ordered by the reserve board for par-clearance "does not make every check worth 100 cents on the dollar be çâuse there is nearly always an exchange charge, so the merchant who supports par-clearance does not. gain anything. ' If the merchants have benefitted by the svstem, Mr. Claiborne contended, the public has not been able to sec it reflect ed in reduced prices." O. Howard Wolfe of Philadelphia, asserted that abolition of the clearance and remittance charges and establish ment of the country-wide gold settle ment saved bankers and commercial in terests $135,000,000 last year. This amount, he said, would have been ex acted as a "tax" on business had not the board organized a system to clear all exchange of bank drafts. Although he joined in the protest against the par-clearance regulations, E. C. McDoughal of Buffalo, who was elected president of the state bank's section of the association, expressed unqualified approval of thé principles 0 f t }i e rcs erve system. He declared it > iaf j "come to stay," and urged the state i) an j[p rs to work "together for its growth instead of complaining about it all of the time." , Mr. McDoughal warned the bankers that the 'fool s paradise through which ' ou bave lived for the last two or three years would not continue always. urged restoration of the conservatism which prevailed in banking circles prior to the arrival of the sellers market when anybody could make money. cause "immunity from losses" go on indefinitely." he parin ot Butte Man and Wife Are Burned to Death; Bodies Not Located Butte, Oct. 20.—Billy Doyle, a Butte miner, and his wife. May, were both victims of a fire that destroyed their two-room home here this evening. The were observed an hour before the fire was discovered, but search since the blaze was extinguished has failed to locate them. Firemen are of the opin ion that their bodies are in the small basement of the house which was filled to the top with water from the fire hose. Search for th<> bodies was given up un til daylight when the basement will be drained. Neighbors report that the couple had quarreled during the night and firemen assert that from what could be observed through the flames the kitchen stove appeared to have been overturned. Washington, Oct. 20.—Housing pro jects in which the shipping board owns the capital stock, are to be sold under plans announced Wednesday. [ private gain, can ever be extirpated from those who have reached manhood under the old corrupt standards. I personally believe it will take at least a generation to develop in Haiti sufficient men of a high enough standard of ethics to pro vide personnel for an honest administra tion and background of honest population for its support." Replying to questions regarding treat ment of natives by the Americans, Ad miral Knapn denied that women and children had been killed or that "strangu lation, flogging," or other cruel prac tices had been used to extract informa tion from natives." A "full answer" could not be given to the latter, question, however, until certain allegations had been investigated, he added. Admiral Knapp declared there was no censorship in Haiti "strictly speaking," quoting a military order now in effect which he said forbids only "inflamma tory publications." E Government Expresses Much Surprise Over Lack of Na .. . ,. .. tions Investigating. PariS) 0ct) £= ü T Po1I-1i rPply t0 the identical British and French notes with regard to the Polish occupation of Vilna hns b( ' en received in Paris, accord ing t0 an announcement of the ministry of fomgn < lffairs - Tt follows the lines foreign already indicated in unofficial Warsaw dispatches. Poland expresses her sur prise that France and Great Britain should spnd such notes without await ing a further investigation. The Polish government does not either agree or refuse to acquiesce in the re quest that Poland completely disavow General Zellgouski's action in entering Vilna. but it urges a further investiga tion and points out that Lithuania has hardly yet become a nation. SOVIETS TAKE UP TREATIES London, Oct., 20—The members of the All-Russian central executive committee of Soviets have been notified that an ex traordinary session of the committee will be held on Saturday in the Kremlin at Moscow to take up the ratification of the treaties signed with Poland and Finland, an official dispatch received by wireless from Moscow says: Another Moscow official statement de nies all reports of anti-bolshevik upris ings and desertions from the soviet army. It is especially directed against the re port of a revolution at Nijni-Novgorod, where, according to recent dispatches from Warsaw, a new government was said to have been established under the leadership of Maria Spiridonova, thp not ed woman revolutionary leader, Victor Tchernoff, a leader of the Russian phea sant party, and others. IMMIGRANTS ARE OFFERED ALL KINDS OF EMPLOYMENT New York. Oct. 20.—Hundreds of let ters from manufacturers, coal operators, railway managers, farmers and other employers of labor are received at El lis island, offering jobs to immigrants. The letters were sent as a result of the activities of the newly organized bureau seeking to place immigrants in American industry. Prominent Republican Repud ates Harding and His Policies in An Open Letter. Special to The Daily Tribune. New York, Oct. 20.—George W. Ba con, member of the internationally known engineering firm of Ford, Bacon it Davis, a life long Republican and an active supporter at the Chicago conven tion of the candidacy of Herbert C. Hoover, has addressed to Mr. Hoover an open letter demanding to know what statements of Senator Harding afford basis for any reasonable hope that the League of Nations will be brought into "living", if Mr. Harding is elected. The letter, made public today, shows that Mr. Bacon, who spent four months at Paris studying the league, has de termined to repudiate the party with which Mr. Hoover has allied himself and to vote for Cox and the league. The letter among other things says; "To my mind the Republican party's proposal with respect to the leaue is so nebulous, so insular, so palpably un necessary. so surrounded with uncer tainty of accomplishments, that 1 am thoroughly persuaded that the best in terest of this nation and the best in terests of the world, indicate the defeat of Senator Harding, and that we must look to the bringing into "living being" of this vital principle of the league only through the election of Governor Cox." CIÏÏ OFFICERS HELD Tl Seattle, Oct. 20.—Federal Judge Jere miah Neterer. who handed down a deci sion holding that persons tried in state courts for violation of the liquor laws may not again be tried in federal courts, has amplified that decision by the state ment that the city liquor laws are prac tically null and void under the applica tions of federal statutes and that the city police dry squad is in effect operat ing without authority. Judge Neterer said that under supreme court findings only deputy sheriffs and federal prohibition agents are authorized agents for the enforcement of the pro hibition act. NEW YORKERS ARE SCORED FOR OPPOSING OCEAN SHIP WATERWAY, LAKES TO SEA Herbert Hoover Principal Speaker Advocating Canal Before International Commission; Would Help Wheat Exportation. New York, Oct 20.—A deep sea water way from the Great Lakes through the St. Lawrencp river was urged as an economic necessity by men of national prominence Wednesday at a hearing be fore the international joint commission. Herbert Hoover was the principal speaker for the proponents of the pro ject. His arguments were reinforced by William C. Redfield, former secretary of commerce; Julius H. Barnes, presi dent of the United States grain corpora tion; Admiral W. S. Benson, chairman of the United Stntes shipping board; R. S. MacElween. director of the bureau of foreign and domestic commerce; W. L. Saunders, president of the American Manufacturers' association; J. R. How ard, president of the American Farm Bureau federation; the presidents of two great trunk line railroads, and an array of advocates who came out of the west to help fight the opposition, which is led by representatives of New York commercial organizations, the New York City dock-commissioner and the New York state engineer. Saving To Farmers The proponents of the project argued j it would reduce the cost and expedite the movement of American grain exports and thereby widen the farmers margin of BWESS POLICIES G. O. P. Candidate Insists on Southerners Supporting Party of Development. Asheville, N. C., Oct. 20.—Support of the Republican party by the south on the ground that it is doing the most to promote sound business policies was urged here Wednesday night by Gover nor Coolidge. Republican candidate for vice president. "As the great and rich natural re sources of the south are being more . , , . , . . , ami more developed, industrially and commercially, he said, ' it must give its ! support to the party which is doing the j most to promote these policies.' i He declared for adequate transporta- j tion facilities, by land and by water, | and for an efficient navy, but against the Lnited Mates entering on a race of armaments" by approving an excessive I na*. al program. ; Governor C oolidge crossed eastern j Tennessee m his special train from Ken- j tucky during the day. i in his rear platform speeches he said , i the present administration was to be commended for having driven more Democrats into the Republican party than any other previous Democratic ad ministration within his memory. L WRECK JIT ERIE KILLS 7. Accident Due to Improperly Throwing of Switch Takes Place at Station. Erie. Pa., Oct. 20.—Seven persons were killed and 20 injured, three probably fatally, when New York Central train No. 00, eastbound, side-swiped train No. 23, westbound, two hundred feet west of the union depot here at noon Wednesday. A switch, thought to have been thrown by members of a section gang, working at the scene of the wreck, is believed to have caused the accident. The dead «re: Gasper Deschamps, Missoula, Montana; Algot Carlson, 14, Sebeka. Minn.; Anna L. Tokla, 76, Nor way; Anna Tokla, 20, Grinnell, Iowa; Clara Miller, 33, Chicago; Ida Rosen thal, 40, Chicago; Mrs. J. P. Monaud, lô, Los Angeles or Montreal. The injured included: Mrs. Hanson, 32, and LeRoy Ilauson, 1), Seattle, Wn. Unidentified woman dying. Christen Emmett, Chris Carlson, Godeon Carlson, 44, Sebeka. Minn. The westbound train had just left the depot and the eastbound train was coast ing into the station when the crash came. A car on the eastbound train sud denly leaped from the rails and crashed into the Pullman, tearing its steel sides away as if they were paper. The occu pants of the car were hurled from their seats and thrown into a mass as the heavy Pullman toppled over with the open side up. Police and firemen were forced to use ladders in taking the dead and injured from the wreckage. Roanoke, Va., Oct. 20.—Three train men were killed five others injured and five of six passengers shaken up in a head-on collision between two Norfolk & Western passenger trains early Wed nesday at Rural Hetreat, Va. saving, so that ho could utilize the money in increasing the productivity of his soil. Unless this is done, Mr. Hoover de clared, America's exports of food pro ducts will continue to diminish until they cease ten years from now. Necessity of developing the hydro-electric power, which the project would create, to con serve the coal supply of the United States, also was declared of outstanding importance. Continued congestion of transporta tion lines between the east and west and the clogging of New York piers, month after month, with export and import export freights, force delays which the new outlet to Europe would eliminate, the speaker said. Call Opposition Selfish. Opposition of the New York men, who declared the project would cripple this harbor and be inimical to the barge «•anal, was characterized as "picayunish" and "selfish" by many of the speakers. A delegation from Wisconsin, in a statement, asked the commissioners to "review the opposition represented this city" declaring it was straining to ward New York. the utmost the friendly feeling held by shippers of the west and northwest to a v — Jurist Erred in Assuming Orig inal Treaty Form is De manded, He Says. tial nominee, accused Elihu Root of be ing "guilty of deliberate and clear mis representation of what are well known facts," in his address on the League of Nations in New York last night. "Mr. Root's statement," he said, "is based on two major objections: first, to article 10, and secondly, the allegation that President Wilson ' bv his attitude was responsible for our failure to ratifv during the last session of the senate He says that article 10 undertakes 'to gu.,r antee and maintain bv force of arms' the territorial boundaries adopted bv the chief representatives of the four nations 1'aris in 1010. Article 10 does guar antee to maintain bv force of arms. It guarantees to maintain the territorial integrity of nations aeainst outside ag gresion and in case threat against this territorial integrity, the council of ti e Cleveland. Oct. 20.—Speaking before a large audiesnce here at night. Franklin Roosevelt, Democratic vice presiden league shall recommend what steps shall be taken to prevent, the execution of the throat. "Mr. Root knows that force of arms j would not be recommended unless vori- . ous other measures, such as international ; ostracism of the country making the j threat, had wholly failed and in case 1 of a .threatened world conflagration, such as that through which we have just passed. Every sane man knows that m case of another world war America would be drawn in anyway whether we were members of the league or not." Referring to Mr. Root's allegation that the treaty would have been ratified and America would have been a member of the league "if President Wilson was will ing," Mr. Roosevelt said: "President Wilson is not running for re-election. The blame for what happen ed has nothing to do with the present election because of the simple fact the issue of the league at the present time is between Governor Cox and Senator Harding." DIPLOMATS TO FUSS Peking. Oct. 19.— (By The Associated Press)—The recent raid by bandits on Iluiichun, a small frontier post in East ern Manchuria, contiguous to both the Korean and Siberia borders, which at the time attracted little notice, promises to develop into a diplomatic controversy between China and Japan, involving the Korean border district of Chentao, to the south of Ilunchun. The difficulty is threatened through the sending by Japan of troops into Chinese territory ostensibly for the pro tection of Jnpanese citizens. It was declared in Tokio that the Chinese foreign ministry had committed itself to allowing Japanese forces to co-operate with Chinese troops on Chinese soil iu the disturbed district, but subsequently refused to agree to the sending of Japanese reinforcements to Hunchun. China, however, denies that she ever admitted the right of the necessity for the entrance of the Japanese, and de fines her attitude as one of protest agflnst an accomplished fact. ASSERTION THAT HE DEMANDS LEAGUE JUST AS It WILSON Candidate Repeats Willingness to Accept Any Res ervations "Helpful to League" and Contends Jurist Made Statement Not Warranted by Facts; Calls for Public Acknowledgment. "I have invariably stated in my addresses, and restate here, my whole-hearted desire to make the United States a member of the League of Nations, and that, to secure the consummation of the purpose of America when she entered the war, I will accept reservations * * * * that will clearly state to our associates in the league that congress and congress alone has the right to declare war and that our constitution sets up limits in legislation or treaty-making beyond which we cannot go."—From Governor Cox' telegram to Hon. Elihu Root. I „ ., ,, „ „ Brid «fP° rt . J; 0 »"- ,f>t - 20.—Governor Ohio. \\ ednesday sent a telegram to Elihu Root asking him to "correct" what the Democratic candidate declared was a "false" statement in Mr. Root's address Tuesday regarding the gover nor's position on the League of Nations issue. The governor denied Mr. Root's statement thai he demands the league "just as Mr. Wilson negotiated it," and called on Mr. Root for a correction. In making public his telegram to Mr. Root. Governor Cox issued a gtatment declaring that Mr. Root and 30 other promient Republicans signing the recent statement in behalf of Senator Hard ing, the Republican nominee, were "at tempting to deceive the voters because t hey are permitting their partisanship to rise above their patriotism, and trusting, perhaps, that the last wobble of Senator Harding may be in their direction." Governor Cox re-iterated h'.s proposal to accept any reservations "helpful ' to the league and contended, therefore, that Mr. Root had made a statement "which •the rcfftrfls show is false." The governor's telegram follows: *'I have before me a quotation from your address on the League of Nations delivered in New York City, on October 10, which reads: 'Mr. Cox declared that he will insist upon the treaty just as Mr. Wilson negotiated it.' I am addressing vou most respectfully with recognition of your integrity of purpose and the sig nal service which you have rendered as a public man. mindful of the fact that you may have failed into error through ignorance of the situation, owing to your absence from the United States during a part of the presidential campaign." Will Accept Reservations. "Your statement, however, is not in keeping with the facts which you are as sumed to know by perusal of the daily papers. I have invariably stated in my addresses, and re-state here, my whole hearted desire to make the United States a member of the League of Nations, and that, to secure that consummation of the purpose of America when she entered the war. I will accept reservations that ----- - - , r/hoinf,,! that will clarify, that will be helpful, that will reassure the American people, and that, as a matter of good faith, will clearly state to our "associates in the league that congress and congress alone has the right to declare war. and that our constitution sets up limits in legisla tion or treaty making beyond which we cannot go. I nave stated further that I will accept reservations from any source which are offered in sincerity and with a desire to be helpful. "I have also stated that if I am elect ed president, my election can be con strued only as a mandate of the Ameri can people; and that to secure ratifica tion of the treaty anil the league, I would sit down with the memebrs ot the I nit ed States senate. I would confer with Mr. Wilson and with you, Mr. Root, as well as with Judge Taft and all others who have a sincere purpose and whose service in the past equips them especially as advisers in this worV Harding's Statement. "You know, and know full well, that Senator Harding very recently said: 'I am not interested in clarification: I am interested iu rejection.' As I have stat ed at the beginning. I am placing a char itable construction upon your statement, that perhaps your partisanship has pre vented your reading my addresses and your prejudices has prevented you from realizing the destructionist attitude of your candidate; but you have made a statement concerning me which the rec ords show is false, and 1 firmly, hut respectfully, call upon you to correct this statement at once. "Mr. Root, you have arrived at an honorable station in life. Many people trust you. You have no right to deceive them. They want the truth is this cam HAYS CLAIMS THE EARTH FOR REPUBLICAN PARTY'S TICKET New York, Oct. 20.—Will H. Hays, Republican national Chairman, stated Wednesday thut in many normally Dem ocratic states, Democrats had given up hope of electing Cnx and Roosevelt and are now busy "trading Candidate Cox to save their senators." Mr. Hays arrived here from Chicago, bringing with him the prediction that every state west of the Mississippi would poll a Harding majority, with the possible exception of Texas, Arkan sas and Louisiana. Of states south of the Mason-Dixon line, Mr. Hays »aid in a formal state ment, the Republican ticket would car ry Maryland, Tennessee, _ Kentucky, West Virginia and possibly North Caro lina. The "solid south,*; with these ex tions, and the three western states, were all in which Mr. Hays would conced^ . ... , „ . pa gn lour conscience will tell you that j duty to it should be superior to your j party, (Signed) "JAMES M. COX." Cox' Comment. Governor's Cox's statement comment ing on the message said; "I am doing this because it is now apparent, to me, at least, that Mr. Root and the thirty eminent Republicans who are for the league, associated with him in a statement issued to secure support for Senator Harding, whom they know by his own words is against the league •—are attempting to deceive the voters. They are permitting their partisanship to rise above their patriotosm and trust ing perhaps that the wobble of Senator Harding may be in their direction. The Two Positions. "I am trying to be charitable to those men in view of the fact that m their partisanship they may not be reading my public addresses, in which I_have invariably said that it woiüabe my pur pose to accept any reservation that will make certain the ratification of the treaty and the league; whereas, the ejec tion of Senator Harding, upon his statement, upon the statements of John son and Borah, would be indorsement for staying out. I am asking the news papers to carry this statement and a copy of the telegram sent to Mr. Root as a matter of fair play because the associ ation of pro-league Republicans led by h'ln are not giving the facts to the peo ple. Offers Dr. Eliot. ueul . v a uii of n " ations w hi 0 h "Only last night Dr. Eliot, who has been one of America's foremost educa tors, for more than forty years, called attention to this very thing to a group of student voters at Harvard, in my pres ence, and pointed that the statement sign ed by thirty-one men, all of whom he knows, and with most of whom he has been associated, have recommended their countrymen to put into the presi dency a man who rejects the only league ■has been actually brought into existence and is functioning. .. ])r Kliot also gaid that maDy parts ^ gtHtement i SSU ed do not conform to the well-known facts, that they are misleading and that clear expressions of Senator Harding's stand are sup pressed. 'The 31 signers of the state ment,' Dr. Eliot further said, 'are all honorable men. How they signed such a paper is a mystery. Let all you voters, women voters, independents and Republicans, who are doubtful, consid er whether this statement of 31 eminent Republicans is candid, whether its fun damental premises are true or false, whether its reasoning is sound or spe cious. whether its conclusion is sane and patriotic or injudicious, dangerous for the. country, and at the bottom im moral.' " Governor Cox's response to Mr. Root's speech came here at the close of the governor's New England cam paign. Irish Stand Approved Large crowds greeted the governor throughout, his final New England journey during which he made 10 speeches. Especial applause was given his frequent statement of his plan to bring the cause of Irish independence before the "conscience and bar of pub lic opinion of the world" represented, he said by the league. Governor Cox made apparent, refer ence to today's denial from Marion that Maurice de Kobra, a French author and humorist, identified Tuesday by the gov ernor as the Frenchman who had told Senator Harding that France was re ceptive toward a new "fraternity" of nations, had seen Senator Harding. The governor said that since Senator Harding's "blunder," the senator had been "locked up on his front porch." that Democratic chances seemed better than Republican. He said there was no doubt of sweep ing Republican victories in Illinois and Indiana, declaring that this prediction was made on a conservative basis. "The west has been amused at the effort of the opposition to try and de velop their campaign on one issue." Mr. Ilays said. "It has been amused at the Democratic miscouception of politic» and the public mind. "Desperately seeking to hide bekiné a 'peace' smoke screen which is as counterfeit as the 1916 pledge that he would keep us out of war, they strive to develop a campaign strategy on one is sue. They propose to settle this cam paign in Europe, when every taxpayer in America is crying for a discussion ot the means for better and more eco ndtnical constitutional government at home."