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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, November 28, 1920, Image 1

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Republican Tariff Blow to France. Declares Merchant
Artificial Hinderances Will Block Channel of
Normal Commerce Between Two Nations, He
Fears; Industrial Activity Slump That Is Only
Beginning to be Felt Here Is Due to Over-Produc
tion Which Europe Needs.
N. T. World-Great Falls Tribune Cable.
Copyright 192<J, by The Press Publishing
Co. (Tiie New York World.)
Paris, Nov. 27.—"Given the opportun
ity to do business with Amerira without
artificial hindrances and to realize speed
ily the reparational indemnity owed to
her by Germany, France will emerge
from hei^ present ordeal with flying col
Thus, Jesse Isidor Straus, head of
the It. II. Macy company, summarized
the impressions of the situation in this
country he has received from numerous
conversations with French political finan
cial, industrial and commercial leaders.
"By artificial hindrances," Mr. Straus
referred to the high protective tariff
with which, he fears, the incoming Re
publican administration will block the
channel of normal commercial inter
course between the two countries.
Fears High Duty Pian.
The imposition of high duties on
French products, he observed, would, in
the long run, harm America as much as
France. For any reduction in French
Fales in American markets would,
through accentuation of the adverse,
exchange, inevitably tend to reduce
French purchases here. .
"The slump in industrial activity, that
it only beginning to make itself felt at
home," Mr. Straus affirmed, "is obviously
due to overproduction. Lacking Euro
pean purchases we are bound to have a
chronic surplus of production. And we
certainly cannot expect Europe to buy
from us, if we refuse to buy from her.
"Even without the reparation pay
ments which she has a right to expect
from Germany," Mr. Straus sa.d,
"France is recovering from the econom
ic convulsion of war with extraordinary
rapidity. Of course the people rely on
the Germans to complete the reconstruc
tion process by making good the damage
done in the north of France; but mean
while they are not standing idly by.
"The speed with which many indus
trial plants, apparently seriously dam
aged, have been restored to almost nor
mal productivity is little short of miracu
Asks Close Cooperation
"An important phase of the indus
trial situation is the refusal of French
manufacturers to countenance any such
overexpansion of industries as causes so
much trouble in the United States. A
French industry may not be flourishing,
but_ it is usually sound at the core. An
other French characteristic is insistence
upon a high standard of quality.
Mr. Straus is hopeful that an enduring
commercial entente will be established
between individual French and American
business men through the medium of
commercial organizations in the Lnited
"We ought to invite French merchants
and manufacturers to America and show
them how our system o£ commerce and
Use of Milk Barred
in Hotels of France;
Save It for Kiddies
Paris, N<*. 27.—As a measure toward
relieving the shortage of milk for the
children of the country the government
has announced that it is preparing a de
gree authorizing the mayors of all cities
in France to prohibit the use of fresh
inilk and cream in hotels, restaurants
und similar places.
Washington, Nov. 27.—Storm
ings up Saturday night along the
tic coast from Wilmington,
ton, were the orders
N. to Bos
if the weather bu
reau. The disturbance central Saturday
night over Alabama will move northeast
ward, the bureau said, with rain and eas
terly winds rising to gale force off the
middle Atlantic coast.
Geneva, Nov. 27.—-(By the Associated
Press).—The arrival here Saturday of
Maj. Marlborough Churchill, chief of the
military intelligence division of the gen
eral staff of the American army, which
so far as appears now, has no real sig
nificance except to himself nnd his de
partment, has created a mild sensation
in League of Nations circles. The United
States has been on the lips of almost
»very spokesman in the assembly of the
league and probably in the minds of
every 4 e l p S a te.
The hope that the United States will
some clay join tht> league is unmistak
able. The entire work of the assembly
nas visibly been directed so as not to
prejudice the most important questions
at issue regarding the league covenant
and so as ro leave the way open for the
United States to have her say in its re
vision. jgjjject of Attention
' fc Tha HDDearance durine this assembly
industry works," he observed. "There
have been plenty of French official mis
sions and they have served a purpose,
but it would be even more useful, in my
opinion, if delegations of the smaller pro
ducers of ail kinds, newspaper men and
other representatives of French indus
tries were to be given an insight into
American life."
Dame Fashion Decrees
Slender Silhouette, and
Brief Skirt for Spring
Cleveland, Ohio, Nov. 27.—-The semi
annual meeting of the National Cloak,
Suit and Skirt Manufacturers' associa
tion here Friday was attended by more
than 300 delegates who discussed the
new fashions for spring as displayed by
living models at the style show Satur
day afternoon.
No radical changes are shown frr-m
the lines of fall and winter garnie 'its.
Skirts continue short and straight. The
slender shiloutte predominates and the
:^>uthful spirit was expressed in many
garments shown.
"Individuality is the keynote of early
spring apparel," said Phillip Frankel,
executive secretary of the association.
"Every woman will have opportunity to
express her own personality through
selection of the variety of models offer
ed by the manufacturers for 1921."
A wide choice in suits was displayed
in straight, boxy jackets and closer fit
President Awards
Distinguished Service
Medal to Belgian
Washington, Nov. 27.—By direction of
President Wilson, the war department
has awarded a distinguished service
medal to Colonel Antoine de Page, sur
geon general of the Belgian army. The
citation, made public Saturday, said Col
onel de Page gave valuable assistance to
the medical officers of the American
expeditionary forces, helping
many American lives.
Arguments Are Begun
to Quash Nevada Suit
Against Mary Pickford
Minden, Nev., Nov. 27.—Arguments
j were begun in the district court here
I Saturday to quash the suit the state
I filed to set aside the divorce granted
Mary Pickford and Owen Moore. Miss
Pickford. since her divorce was granted
here March 2, has married Dougias
Fairbanks, and in the state's petition
was referred to as "Gladys Moore,"
known as "Gladys M. Fairbanks."
Eight Stock Thieves
Killed by Rancher
r l • /I .
Oi VJlaCier tL-OUnty
Cut Bank. NoV.. 27— Otto Hinte. a
rancher of the Headlight districh, has
proved himself a terror on wolves and
has rid the countrv to the northwest of
this place of a goodly share of its stock
thieves. Ilintz, traveling in an auto
mobile and earring a shot gun, went
into the hills of the Blaekfoot reserva
tion a short while ago and after devot
ing a week to a hunt, returned to Cut
Bank bringing with him eight grey wol
ves. His earning "in bounties and sale
of pelts will be about $1,000.
of any official or unofficial representa
tive of the American government was
the last thing hoped for. Major Church
ill. consequently, was all the more an
object of attention when his presence
here became known.
Major Churchill said he had not b?en
ordered to Geneva by either the war or
state department, but thought he had a
good opportunity to obtain valuable in
formation for the United States, inas
much as he was at Berne inspecting the
military attaches' office there. He stated
that he might report to Washington on
his visit to Geneva.
Major Churchill said bis visit was
entirely unofficial. He will inquire into
the organization and activities of the
military commission of the league.
Consults Military Experts
Ile probably will see British and oth
er military experts here for the assembly
before leaving Geneva next week. He
explained he was on a tour of inspec
Americans Resent
Irish Interference
States Ulsterite
London. Nov. 27.—Sir Edward Car
son. Ulster Unionist leader, has de
clined an invitation received from the
Committee of Or.e Hundred in thb
United States, which is giving hear
ings on conditions in Ireland, asking
him to attond sessions of the com
mittee's commission of seven in
Saturday he sent the following re
piy to the committee's cablegram:
"I have received your cablegram
inviting me to attend some American
commission in Washington and testi
fy on conditions in Ireland. As far
as I can assfcrtain such commission
has made no mandate or authority
from the British government, which
alone has had the right to deal with
internal affairs of the United King
dom. I feel certain that all true
Americans who desire close friend
ship between their country and ours
will resent such unwarranted inter
ference with the affairs of a foreign
friendly state. I must therefore de
cline to accept your invitation."
ting suit coats and ripples at the sides
aud flat hanging panels front and back.
Eton and bolero models give new effects
with scallops uneven seams and coat
edges. Tailored suits with and with
out belts are cut severely slender.
Skirts are short with a suggestion
of more fullness in some cases with
panels, tunics, hem trimmings and pleat
Wrappy coats and capes will be gen
erally worn, slender shoulders marking
both in soft and delicate fabrics.
Trimmings include beading and braid
ing. pecot edgings and a new flat floss
Winnipeg, Man., Nov. 27.—Manitoba
university will receive $500,000 from the
Rockefeller Foundation for general en
dowments of the faculty of medicine, J
S. McLean, president of the university
announced today.
Rigid Retrenchment
Is Determined On by
House, States Good
Washington, Nov., 27—The house ap
propriations committee is determined to
carry out a rigid policy of retrenchment.
Chairman Good announced Saturday
night. The committee is holding hear
ings on two of the major appropria
ings on two of the major appropria
tion measures, and Chairman Good said
j that one of them, the executive, legis
lative and judicial would be ready for
the house shortly after congress con
vened on December (>.
The sundry civil bill will be report
ed immediately after the first of the
year, he said, adding that he expected
congress would be able at the short
session to dispose of all appropriation
Bandits Accuse Store
Owner of Holding Out
On First Robbery
Seattle, Nov. 27.—For the second
time two bandits early Friday evening
held up the Riverside Drug store and
branch postoffice, ob tain in >. The
j first robbery was staged there Tuesday
j night when $175 was obtained. They
j announced Friday night that they
I been fooled Tuesday and were after
more money than obtained then.
The owner and a clerk were alone
j"* 0 tlle place at the time.
Predict Rain, Snow
for West Next Week
Washington, Nov. 27.—Weather pre
dictions for the week beginning Monday
include: North. Mountain Rocky region
—-Generally fair and normal tempera
tures except that local rains and snows
are probable about Tuesday.
tion of all the American military at
taches in Europe and came to Geneva
to find out. the manner in which the
military commission was organized aud
become acquainted with the activities of
the assembly regarding intelligence
work and other military questions.
The United States, Major Churchill
said, is interested from the standpoint
of the future and naturally is anxious
to know wha't has been done or may be
accomplished in a military way by the
The League of Nations military force
destined for the occupation of Vilna
pending the plebescite in that city will
be commanded by the French colonel,
Chardigny, head of the league's military
mission now in Vilna. The troops will
include two British companies with a
machine gun section from the Panzig
forces of occupation.
Two French companies and a machine
((Continued on Page Nineteen.)
"Only One Conqueror's
Work Will Endure His
Thought" Writes Hard
"Morally, Militarily He
Ended War," Echoes
His W ords Aroused
N. Y. World-Great P'alls Tribune Cable.
Copyright 1920, by The Press Publishing
Co. (The N'ew York World.)
Berlin, Nov. 27.—Immortality is as
certain for Woodrow Wilson's speeches
as for the meditations of the Iloman
Emperor Marcus Aurelius, --ho also
stopped half way up to the heights.
So declares Maximilian Harden, the
famous editor of the Zukunft, while
fervently eulogizing President Wilson on
the occasion of the first meeting of the
League of Nations. Ilerr Harden, who
is about the only German in Germany
whose faith in Mr. Wilson is unshak
en. says too
"One who sees this man, the only
man amid a hail of arrows, learns to
doubt whether his work was as bad as
the chorus of hate and abuse now pro
claims. When and where did high
deavor attain the place on the first
attempt? No saint, wise man, warrior
or statesman ever did.
"Wilson not only spoke but he felt:
and thought as before him never did
the head of a great state. The poor
est and the mightiest barkened with
bated breath to his word which gave
the war a content and a goal and which,
for an hour of In inanity appearel to
break down all class barriers.
Morally and militarily lie ended the
war. That Wilson existed and that he
aroused an echo which roaring cannon
could not drown renfnins the most beau
tiful, the only great experience of the
"As the Roman Marcus Aurelius
stands at the exit of antiquity, so
this American stands on the threshold
of a new world. He has painted it
out of his prophetic vision. Another
will build it.
"The parchment of Versailles begins
to turn yellow. Only one conqueror's
work will endure—Wilson's thought."
Mexican and Civil War
Veteran Dies, Age 101,
Bedridden 23 Years
Elizabeth, N. J., Nov. 27—William i
Jones, in his 101st year, died here Sat- j
urday in a hospital, having been bed- |
ridden for 215 years. Born in England j
June 23, 1820, he came to America with
his parents in 1S24. enlisted for the war
with Mexico, served in the civil war and
was wounded.
Three Classes of Voters Are Set
Up to Prevent Teutons
Packing Province.
London, Nov. 27.—(By the Associated
Press).—Premier Lloyd George of
Great Britain and Premier Leygucs of
France, conferring until late Saturday
evening, definitely setted the vexatious
question of the Upper Silesian plebiscite
in a manner the heads of the two gov
ernments believe will forestall what they
think is Germany's effort to pack the
province for voting purposes.
It will be arranged that known citizens
of the province, whom the plebiscite of
ficials are confident have lived there a
number of years, will vote on one day.
Others who have lived in the province a
shorter time will vote another day, while
those who recently settled will vote on
still another day. Should the latter cat
egory swing the plebiscite in favor of
Germany and the bonafide citizens vote
against Germany the allies are likely to
decare the plebiscite void.
Tne near eastern question was post
poned until the arrival of Count Sforza,
the Italian foreign minister, Sunday. It
will be taken up in one of the two con
ferences the premiers will hold Monday,
Italy is so vitally interested in the ques
tion that, the premiers Saturday decided
it would be a waste of time to discuss it.
until Count Sforza was present. They
decided also not to invite former Premier
Venizelos of Greece, as they could dis
cuss the situation with him only as a
private citizen.
Tokio. Nov., 27—The army estimates
for the forthcoming year total 245,000,
000 yen, an increase of 50 per cent over
last year. Of this sum, 40 million yen
will bo expended on new defense schemes.
Service in the cavalry branch of the
army will be reduced from three years
to two years.
Sinn Fein Founder
Is Not Classed As
"Common Criminal"
Dublin, Nov. 27.—Arthur Griffith,
head of the Sinn Fein, and E. J.
Duggan, Sinn Fein member of parlia
ment, have been taken to Mount Joy
prison. It has not yet been decided
whether they will be among those
soleeted for the Bqrykiniar inter
ment camp. Interment in this camp,
according to the authorities, wou'd be
a "concession," as heretofore such
prisoners have been held merely as
"common criminals."
There are no football matches
scheduled for Sunday, such as that of
last Sunday, which the officials claim,
served as a "cover for the operations
of the murder gang." This gives
some relief from apprehension of a
repetition of last Sunday's incidents.
Unusual activity was disp'ayed by
the crown forces throughout the city
Sunday, and the thorough searching
of premises in the down town section
indicated that the authorities were
taking all possible precautions.
Farmers Not Amenable
Under Clayton Statute;
Await Price Advance
Washington, Nov. 27.—Because farm
ers' co-operative organizations are
exempt from application of anti-trust
laws, the department of justice has
given no consideration to the campaign
i for the withholding of crops from the
markets until prices advance, it was
said Saturday night by Frank K. Neb
eker, special assistant to the attorney
general in charge of anti-trust prose
Mr. Nebeker's explanation of the de
partment's attitude followed the recent
statement of Charles S. Barrett, presi
dert of the National Farmers' union,
that he understood that federal ager.ts
attempting to obtain evidence for
; prosecutions in Kansas, Iowa, and other
middle western states.
The Clayton anti-trust act, Mr. Nebe
ker said, expressly provides that agri
cultural organizations, not having capi
tal stock or conducted for profit, cannot
~ ;
Welfare Societies Co-operate
With Government in Prepar
ing Miniature Equipment.
New York, Nov. 27.—An exhibition,
exhibiting phases of the United States
participation in the
ing prepared by the government and
world war, is be
welfare and patriotic organizations for
presentation to France, it was announced
here Saturday.
The exhibit, which will have an in
strinic value of $300,000, will include
models of arms and equipment used by
the American forces, miniatures of build
ings and vehicles aud illustrations.
The orgamsatkm» eo operat ing with
the government in gathering the collec
tion are the Red Cross, American legion.
Oaughters of the American Revolution.
Jewish Welfare board. Knights of Co
lumbus, Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., Salva
tion Army and the War Camp commun
ity service. The exhibit will be perma
nently placed in the American room of
the Palace of the Invalides in Paris.
Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt has contrib
uted her favorite portrait of the former
president, which will have a conspicu
ous place in the exhibit. Pictures of
Lieutenant. Quentin Roosevelt, who died
in France, jyid Lieutenant William Fitz
simmons of Kansas City, said to be
among the first American soldiers killed
in the war, will also be included.
Washington, Nov. 27.—Representa
tives of the American legion informed
officials of the war risk insurance
bureau, the federal board for vvocational
educatiou and the United States public
health service Saturday that the legion
proposed to urge measures designed to
cut red tape in the bureaus and "to co.n
pel the government to function" in its
dealings with discharged and disabled
service men.
The legion representatives who met
here with the heads of the three bureaus
to discuss a plan to combine the work of
the bureaus made the position of the
legion clear, declaring that it proposed
to press for legislation consolidating
functions of the three government agen
cies and doing away with "loug winded
talk about co-operation and co-ordina
tion.". v' -Tohn Sherburne of Boston, a
member of tho legion couiuiitteo, admon
m IUI ft BE
Their Dangers Same As Ours With Shadows Hang
ing Darkest Over Antipodes, Declares Senator
in Philadelphia Speech; Imports Now Bear Fair
Proportion of U. S. Expenditures, He Says.
"ai-rangement '
States with
Nov. 27.—An
by the United
Canada, Australia
, i j.
land New Zealand m regard to
I Asiatic immigration was advo
_ . » -.«•
i Cated by Senator Lodge OI Mas
• „ j .
j faachusetts in an address at the
be construed as conspiracies in restraint'
of trade. Withholding of crops from
markets for personal profit. Mr. Nebe
ker asserted, probably would not be held
as organization profits.
__ , .
. / ,e ^ )e ^ er Si So explained that the
limitations on the appropriation act for
the entorcenient of anti-trust laws would
seem to preclude action against the farm
inasmuch as the act specifies that
no part of the appropriations shall be
expended for the prosecution of farmers
who co-operate to obtain a fair and reas
onable price for their products. The
construction as to what is a fair £>rie«
for farm products, Mr. Nebeker de
clared. would, however, probably govern
in any specific case that might arise
as it would seem that since the present
law forbids prosecution where the effort
is to obtain a fair price, conversely at
tempts to obtain unfair and unreasonable
prices would be contrary to the law.
*ormer Wite, Sister-m-Law, and
Stepson Arrested After
Port \alley, Ga., Nov. 27.—Warrants
charging murder in connection with the
death last June under mysterious cir
ciimstances of Fred P. Shepard. known
as the "Georgia Peach King," were
served Saturday night on Mrs. F E
Elmer, former wife of the peach grower ;
Mrs. lone Henry, sister of Mrs. Elmer
and Ernest Hopsou, son of Mrs. El
mer by a marriage previous to that with
Arrest of the three was ordered af
ter a pathologist and a chemist
testified at. a coroner's investigation
Saturday that a post-mortem examina
tion of Shepard's body had revealed the
presence of poison in tha viscera
Mrs. Elmer, who took charge of
Shepard's property after his death on
the ground that he died intestate, was
arrested as she was leaving the room
where the coroner's investigation was
held. The first charge placed against
her was illegal appropriation of Shep
ard's property. Several hours later she
was served with a warrant charging her
with murder in connection with the
Shepard death- Mrs. Henry and Hop
son were arrested at their homes in
Perry, near here.
Seattle. Nov. 27.—Mptokichi Takaha
shi, member of the Japanese parliament
wa sstrieken with heart, disease at a
railroad station here last night and died
at a hospital, it was learned today.
ished the government conferees that if
the proposed consolidation destroyed
their present organizations "it would
simply have to go ahead and destroy."
Pleads for Other Work.
Pr. C- W. Lavender, representing the
public health service, made a plea for
the continuation of "other work in the
health service outside of that done for
the veterans of the world war" saying
that his bureau had many other func
tions in addition to the work with dis
abled veterans
"I have read every one of your appro
priation bills" Mr. Sherburne replied,
"and I find that the money you have to
spend for the soldiers, sailors and
marines is much greater than for all
other purposes combined. Now we
don't want to be rough and we do not
want to impair or handiclf» any govern
mental agency unnecessarily but I will
go to the line oji this: We are faced with
the problem of government agencies not
' Union League club founders' day
exercises here Saturday night.
I "AVe have heard a great deal about
leagues and arrangements," the senator
I said. "There is one arrangement I
j should like to make very much, and that
I is an arrangement with Canada, Austra
j lia and New Zealand in regard to Asi
i at; ic immigration. Their danger is the
j same as ours and the shadows hang
! darkest over Australia. We must face
j j t an( j might as well be understood
j that it is in no sense of hostility to
any one, but there are certain great
principles that must be accepted. One
is that no one nation has the right or
can find a cause of war in the demand
that her people shall migrate to anotheu
free country, as this first sovereignty
right is the right to say who shall come
into the country."
Touching on the tariff. Senator Lodge
said he believed the duties on imports
are now bearing their fair proportion of
the expenditures of the United States,
^ think, he added, with justice we
! can . ^. co f '* revl -' nuc Horn that source
1 an î . rehev f , f . he , ta * l'a> er . from more
j sailing and injurious taxes,
Senator Lodge called on Senator Pen
; rose at the latter s home Saturday, be
: one G f |-j 3e f ew visitors that have
| seen f{j e Pennsvlvania senator in some
. woe ks
j The ' sena tors were together for an
j hour . Senator Lodge said he found
Senator Penrose in good condition, but
advised him against taking chances of
going to Washington for the coming
short session of congress, in view of
the fact that only appropriations bills
are expected to be taken up.
It: is just a year since Senator Penrose
was taken ill at Washington.
Jap Stowaway Agents
Charge 1800 Yen for
Passage to America
Tokio, Nov. 27.—(By the Associated
Press).—The Yamato Shimbun announc
es that the police have discovered a
stowaway agency engaged in surrepti
tiously shipping emigrants to the United
States in contravention to the "gentle
man's agreement" between Japan and the
United States. The agency's represent
atives, the newspaper says, confessed
they were working in conjunction with
pett^, officers of freighters who allowed
; stowaways to <">me aboard disguised as
members of the crew for a passage fee
" f - ve "'_
Reds Pursue Remnants
Baîakovitch's Cavalry
Into Pripet Marshes
London, Nov. 27—Russian bolshevik
cavalry is continuing in pursuijt of Gen
eral Balakovitch's troops, says the bol
sheviki official communication of Fri
day received here by wireless from
Moscow Saturday. The statement reals:
"In the Mozyr region our cavalry con
tinnes the pursuit of the remnants of
General Balakovitch's divisions.
"In the Pripet region, after a short
engagement, we dispersed an enemy de
tachment southeast of Turr.ov village.
We are continuing to advance oil the
Pripet river."
Poles Dynamite Oil
Manufactory; Officials
Halt Plebiscite, Jailed
London. Nov. 27.—The Hamburger
Fremdenblatt states Saturday that an
oil manufaeturv at Neudorf, SO miles
northeast of Ratebora has been blown
up by the Poles, says the Central News
Hamburg correspondent. Many officials
engaged in arresting the plebiscite in
Silesia were reported to have been killed,
but full details have not been received.
functioning and we do not propose to
permit any single agency to stand in
the way."
Marx Attacks Agencies.
Robert Marx of Cincinnati, member
of the legion, declared it appeared each
of the three agencies effected by the
proposed changes was seeking to retain
its separate entity, and was opposing
the program solely because the con
centration of the three bureaus under
the direction of one responsible beaC
This was declared by the bureau repre
sentatives to be an incorrect representa
tion of their positiou. All declared their
willingness to work out a plan which
would yield better results. The con
sideration plan, as outlined by the legion
representatives, proposes the creation of
an assistant secretary in one of the
executive departments, probably in the
treasury, to have direct charge of the
woA.k of the bureaus having to do with
ex-service men.

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