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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, November 29, 1920, Image 1

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Mexico's Problems, and Solution Advanced by Political Outcasts;
Illiteracy Greatest Menace, 60,000 Grade Schools Are Need
International Policy That
Is Frank and Open Is
Carranza Land Doctrine
Wholly Unrealizable,
Declares Statement.
Washington, Nov. 28.— (By
The Associated Press).—An
analysis of Mexico's problems
with a program for their solution
is presented in an open letter to
the Mexican people being cir
culated in Mexico signed by nine
members of a group of political
refugees in the United States.
They are Manuel Calero, minister
for foreign affairs, and later ambassa
dor to the United States, under Madero:
Francisco B. Oarbajal, former chief
justice of the supreme court, and presi
Huerta: Juan B. Castellazo. banker and
former senator: Toribo Esqnibel Obre
gon. minister of finance in Huerta's
cabinet; Jesus Flores Magon, minister
of the interior, in Madero's cabinet;
Tomas MncManus. former senator; Ra
fael Martinez Carrillo, former senator:
Miguel Buelas, former general iu the
federal army, and Jorge Vera Estanoî.
minister of education in the cabinets of
Porforio Diaz, and Victoriano Huerta.
15 Major Problems. '
Fifteen major problems, in "hiding the,
land and labor questions, international
relations, education and the financial
rehabilitation of the country are out
As a means "for making real demo
cracy ' effective in Mexico." the letter
advocates the limiting of ballot to fed
eral and state citizens not under 21
years old, who can read and write the
Spanish language and have a means of
livelihood. This would bar the great
mass of illiterate Indians, except: in
municipal elections, until they had been
given an opportunity to learn to read
and write Spanish, provision for which
is made under the heading of education.
Ignorance Greatest Menace.
Illiteracy is declared to be the great
est menace to the country, the letter
asserting that 60,0 (H) grade schools
should be established by government as
sistance. The Carranza policy of lim
iting private initiative iu education is
A frank and open international pol
nrged, particularly toward th
United States. Treaties with the United
States to settle all boundary disputes,
facilitate trade and unify railway con
nections are said to be immediately
necessary. The letter suggests also the
establishment of a mixed claims com
mission to take up international claims
and contends that Mexicans as well as
foreigners should be reimbursed for
losses and damages to property.
Land Doctrine Condemned.
The Carranza constitutional doctrine
relating to land is condemned as "wholly
unrealizable," because of the need of
foreign capital for development. The
right of workmen to strike and collect
ive bargaianing are indorsed, but the
right of employers is also recognized
to close their shops when in violation
<«f labor contracts. The eight-hour law
approved in principle.
The Mexican public debt, as set forth
in this document, exclusive of claims,
restoration of rolling stock and proper
ties seized from foreigners and natives is
estimated to be 1.200.000,000 pesos.
This, must be paid, the signers say, and
the potential resources of the country
are declared to be more than equal to
the task. But in the reconstruction of
the country, the letter says, foreign cap
ital is absolutely indispensible and every
encouragement should be given for in
vestment. through private channels and
not through government connections.
In this connection also the Carranza
policy toward foreigners and foreign cap
ita! is condemned as "inspired in hos
tility to everything foreign."
Doom. Nov. 28.—A turn for the
worse in the condition of the former
empress. Augusta Victoria, occurred late
Sunday, it was learned Sunday evening.
London, Nov. 28.—The conferences
between Premiers Llovd George and
, ., ,
Leygues nave been temporarily suspend-I
ed owing to the necessity of the French
premier's return to Paris Monday morn
ing- Premier Leygues is anxious to be
present yvhen the chamber of deputies
discusses the question of French repre-j
s^ntation at tho vatkan. Ho requested
the debate be postponed one day so he
could complete his labors here. He
suddenly decided, however, to go to
Paris earlier than he had intended, but.
hopes to return to London Wednesday.
Count Sforza, the Italian foreign min
ister. who is to take part in the
ferenees with the premie
connection with their
ders. notably in
consideration of
Dublin. Nov. 28.—Cardinal Logue, the
primate of Ireland, in a pastoral letter
read Sunday in all the churches of the
archdiocese, denounces the murders in
Ireland and declares that if a balance
were struck between last Sunday's as
sassinations of officers and the shooting
by the police in Croke park, he believes
it "should be given against the forces
of the crown."
The cardinal's letter scathingly ar
rair.gs in the methods the government is
pursuing but warns the people "against
any association, secret or open, which
would lead to any disorders or crime."
The cardinal in the letter says the ar
dent hopes of the Irish people for peace
were shared by European and other
Lumber Piled on Beach;whether
From Missing Barge
Rescuers' Belief.
Astoria, Ore.. Nov. 28.—The finding
of scattered pieces of lumber adrift
near James island aud the appearance
of a large amount of lumber on the
beach at Cape Johnson Sunday added
to the belief that the missing barge
W. .T. Pirrie has gone to pieces on the
rocks with her burden of 24 souls.
The wireless station at North Head
was in communication late Sunday with
the cutter Snohomish and the steamer
Santa Kita, both of which were con
tinuing the search for the lost craft.
The Santa Rita said the beach at Cape
Johnson had the appearance of being
covered with lumber, but the
I M wan
too rough to permit the steamer to run
close enough to definitely ascertain.
The Santa ltita patroled the coast up
and down all day but Saw no signs of
the Pirrie. The Snohomish had sight
ed a few pieces of lumber afloat not far
from James island, but reported the
seas r so rough she was unable to run
in and determine whether or cot there
were any persons on shore.
World Wide War
Veterans' Association
Organized in Paris
Paris, Nov. 28.— (By the Associated
Press).-VAn international council bind
ing together the war veterans' associa
tions of the allied countries was organ
ized here Sunday by the delegations rep
resenting the Cnited States, Fram e,
Great Britain, Italy, Belgium, Greece,
Jugo-Slavia and Czeeho-Slavia. and was}
joined later by Portugal, Poland and
The council will be composed of one
member from each country and will
probably meet in Paris as often as neces
nary. The organization contemplates
membership of all national veterans' as
The underlying idea is to preserve,
particularly in time of stress the unity
that existed among the allies during the
war and carry on the comradeship in
various ways, by international member
ship cords, an international memorial
day and the exchange of information
respecting disabled soldiers and the
widows and children of soldiers. It is
expected that the American memorial
day will be adopted generally.
San Francisco, Nov. 2$.—The Pacific
Cat club will hold its annual show here
December 10 and 11. The proceeds will
be used for the maintenance of the free
emergency hospital and clinic for small
annimals at; the San Francisco Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty of animals.
The Pacific Cat club is one of the largest
organizations of its kind in the United
the question of Greece, in view of the
Greek demand for the return of former
King Constautine to the throne, arrived
in London Sunday night. It does not
appear iikely, however, that the Greek
affair will be straightened out; until the
representatives of all three „at.ions- - |
Great Britain. France and Italy—get |
Premier» Leygues and Llovd George j
briefly diseussed the Greek situation
Saturday, but soon came to the conclu- !
sion that further conversations on the
subject would be a waste of time with
out tbe presence of an Italian represen
Premier Leygues hopes to sec Count
Sforza Monday morning before leaving |
for France.
countries. In support of this he cites a
letter from the archbishop of Malines
and all the other bishops in Belgium con
veying their cordial sympathy to the
Irish people. The pastoral proceeds to
condemn in the strongest terms Sunday's
tragedies, declaring belief that every man
and woman in Ireland deplored and ue
tested tbes« "cold blooded murders,"
which the cardinal says, "no object could
excuse and no motive justify," adding:
"The perpetrators of such crimes are
rot real patriots, but enemies of their
Turning to the Croke park affair, the
cardinal says the forces of the crown
were bound by their officers to protect
and not to destroy the people, especial
Sharp Conflict on Issue
of Natural Resources
Arises at Assembly Meet
n ' N
28.—The question
countries shall be allowed to
(control and dispose at will of their
I natural resources is the subject of a
j -harp conflict in a committee of the
j assembly. The contest arose over a
I resolution by Gustave Ador of Switz
erland. setting up a permanent and
j financial commission, one of the duties
I of which would be to examine measures
for preventing monopolies in raw materi
als and the means of controlling their
dis! ribution.
Th' resolution is based oi> .viii'.e 7*
of the covenant. which assures all
states equitable treatment. It, is sup
ported chiefly by Italy, Switzerland,
and other countries not rich in raw
Canadian Opposes.
One of the strongest opponents of
the resolutions is George E. Foster of
Canada, who has taken the same atti
tude as X. E. Howell, also of Canada,
who served notice on the assembly in
an impressive speech recently that any
attempt to exercise such control would
be regarded
affairs, to
•h Canada
uld never
Judge Cohalan Greeted
With Cheers by
Majority at Meet.
Worcester, Mass, Nov. 28.—One bun
dled delegates to the state convention
of the Friends of Irish Freedom here
Sunday afternoon, walked out of the au
ditorium when it was announced that
Justice Cohalan of New York was to
speak. They represented the DeValera
adherents among the supporters of the
Irish cause. There were 455 delegates
Priest Keeps Order
The DeValera men stuck through most
of the business of a stormy session,
which tested the tactfillness of Father
James J. Howard, chairman, in keeping
order at time when the opinions of the
rival factions clashed.
Judge Cohalan. who was received with
cheers, told of the break between him
self and DeValera over the plank to be
presented to the national political con
ventions. He declared that his plank, had
it been made part of the Republican
platform would have prevnited the atro
cities and reprisals in Ireland.
Nov. 28.—Proposed
IV 1 K ,.* ti,„
f r ? ,lrt ^ of
^naboe-J Jood «upporte*« detlared most
1°' ^' 1C I luladelnhia delegation aud parts
°ther delegations throughout the state
ba(i and that they would be
'ecognixed as the regular orgajuzation
' n Pennsylvania by the national body
Pottsville, Pa., Nov. 28
propaganda in America and the methods
to be used, caused a split Sunday in the
state convention of the Friends of Irish
Freedom. Many delegates, headed by
former Congressman Michael Donation.
and John T. Flood, both of Philadelphia,
left the. hall and organized a separate
convention in an adjoining t heater.
The body headed by .lohn F. Buckley
of Heranton claimed that only about one
Buckley's supporters later adopted reso
lutii.T8 to merge with the American As
sociation for the Recognition of Irish In
dependence, which merger, it was an
nounced. has the approval of Kamonn de
Valera. "president of the Irish Republic."
j ly those within their rights and innocent
j of any offense
"The assassination of individuals is a
detestable crime and an outrage against
God's law," he continued, "but it is a
greater shock to humanity, a graver out
rage against Divine ordinance whereby
human life is protected, to turn lethal
weapons against defenseless, unarmed,
closely-packed multitudes."
With reference to reprisals. Cardinal
Logue says lives and property are being
sacrificed in cases where there has been
no outrage which could give color to re
taliation. and that the activities of the
military were being carried into distmet.«
which hitherto has been considered
Mr. Rowel I at the same time said that
jthe entry of t Cnited States could
not be hoped î ? if any such interfer
once were attempted.
Mandates Vexing.
The question of mandates is another
difficult subject coming up this week.
The council has or. the agenda for Mon
day the nomination of a permanent miin
date commission, and another committee
at the same time will take up the gen
era! question in the form of terms and
î •.•n'srol { ...a j.'I.-Ues Thi ; . < .iomiätee,
which is known as Number 0. has ree
ommended that the Cnited Srates be
invited to co-operate unofficially in the
study of the question of disarmament.
Danzig Successor.
Still another important matter on the
program of the council for Monday is
election of a successor of Secretary
Tower as commissioner at Danzig. The
council may also finally decide what
reply shall be made to the German pro
test against approval of the results of
the Eupen-Malmedy plebiscite. Oer
many contends the Belgian troops of
occupation exerted pressure on the
Strength of Army Now
Must Be Maintained,
French Fold.
London. Nov. 28—(By the Associated
Press).—The British government will in
sisf on the Greek army being maintained
at its present strength and that the
Rhallis cabinet shall not include men
viewed with disfavor by the allies.
The foregoing views are set forth in
a memorandum which Earl Curaon, sec
retary for foreign affairs, has handed
to the French premier, M. Leygues. for
perusal by the French cabinet when he
returns to Paris Monday.
Great Britain disapproves the return
of Constautine to the Greek throne be
ing made Ihe subject of a formal pro
test. but nevertheless wishes that the
British views shall be emphasized to the
new Greek government.
This is a firmer attitude than held
a few days ago. and it is believed in
conference circles that it yvill appeal to
the view of the French government- It
is further interpreted as meaning that
Great Britain at present does not favor
revision of the Turkish peace treaty.
New York, Nov. 28.—As a precau
tion against acts of violence, General
C. M. Oberoutcheff, commander of
the Kiev military district during the
Kerer.sky regime, was escorted by
police from a Socialist meeting in the
Bronx Sunday night after ho had de
nounced the soviet rule in Russia.
He was hissed when he said he was
opposed to bolshevlsts "because they
created a red terror trying to rule
the people of Russia against their
In the excitement attending his de
parture from the meeting. General
Oberoutcheff said he lost a watch,
presented to him early in his mili
tary career by the late Czar Nicholas.
If It Is Success Germany
Will Be Asked to join,
Says Newspaper.
Berlin Catholic Organ at
Present Doubtful of Its
debates, one can
meeting of the lea
X. y. WorH-Great Falls Tribune Cable.
Copyright 1920, by The Press Publishing
Co. (The New York World.)
Berlin. Nov. 28.—The League of Na
tions in action a« seen through German
eyes is a grotesque moving picture. A
moderate .""ompromise view between
the league's few Teuton admirers and
its innumerable detractors is voiced by
the Germania, the Berlin organ of the
Center party which begins cautiously:
"Except for clever speeches and par
liamentary business
not assert that tbe meetin_
gue has so far accomplished anything
of importance."
The Catholic organ extracts some mild
hope from the fact that, the undoubt
edly many interesting happenings are
taking place behind the scenes, but this
is not much help to a world which eager
ly awaits something tangible.
Dosent Want to Join.
"Will the league establish a i inter
nr.tiunal arbitration court? Will it giv'
the decisions of the Brussels finance
conference practical effectiveness? These
are some of the'questions by answer-1
ing which the league in its present form
must prove its right to existancr."
I Genna ni.« argues against Germany 's
î admission 'o the league, believing: that
the present meeting would not contain
the necessary two-thirds' majority for
Germany the paper further asserts that
"the German people wiil nor beg to
have the gu*e opened to them. With the
best will we cannot feel as yet any con
fidence in the league in its present form..
We must wait for deeds before declaring!
ourselves either for or against the
The Catholic organ however, is will
mg to give the league some slight bene
fit of the loubt. In conclusion its article)
on the situation says:
"We do not ned to conceal tbe fact
ihat we hope the Geneva meting will
bring some proof that the league is able j
to and desirous of serving the cause of
reconciliation of nations. If the league j
honestly pursues these aims, then in the '
long run it cannot exclude a country of j
00,000,000 of people such as Germany, j
and it must solicit Germany to join the j
league. We can wait quietly until t'os j
moment comes our wav."
Gamblers Are Held Up
by Five Bandits, Who
Take Pot of $2,000
Springfield. Iii.. Nov. 28.— Five mask
ed men entered a hotel at Pana, 111., near
here Sunday night, held up a score of
men engaged in a poker and crap game
and escaped with about $2,000.
They lined up the players with their
hands ceilingward, according to a tele
phone message, received here, raked the
money into bags and escaped in an auto
Redemption Home Head
Refuses Money From
Such Sources.
Springfield. 111., Nov. 28.— Ascribing
school dances as the first cause of the
downfall of "fully half the girls in our
cure who went wrong last year." Mrs.
Henrietta Hunt, superintendent of the
Springfield Redemption home, was Sun
day at an open break with the Spring
field Improvement league over her re
fusal to accept contributions of "dance
money." ,
The league bad advertised a "redemp
tion home benefit dance" for next Tues
day night, receipts from which were to
be given entirely to the home. Mrs.
'Hunt informed the league officers the
institution would accept none of the
"benefit" fund. "T notified tbe league,"
Mrs. Hunt said, "that 1 would accept
any free-will offering. But we cannot
think of taking money obtained at
"Dancing drags down more girls than
anything else. Fully half of those who
come to us last year went wrong at
school dances in Springfield. I believe
it is high time someone was coming out
against such evil."
Following this rebuke, the president
of the league declared the dance would go
ahead Ss planned, "but not one cent will
go to the redemption home," she added.
Simultaneous Orgy of Outrage and Destruction
in Several Parts of City Necessitates Call for
Assistance for Outlying Apparatus; 35 Gasoline
Cans and Paraffin Were Strewn About Wharves#
Liverpool, Nov. 28.— (By The Associated Press).— Fifteen
cotton warehouses in Liverpool and Bootle, a suburb, were eet
on fire Sunday night. Two of the warehouses in Liverpool were
burned. Gasoline cans and paraffin were found about the premises.
It was stated in police quarters that there was strong evidence
^at the fires were the work of Sinn Feiners.
Patients in Hospital Are
Awakened by Jar to
Beds, Pictures.
-'ose, nut
-. „
turbance and said it was undoubtedly a
' r * u although * R*nfil«- one. A part -
light p
>re., .Nov. l_s.—A temblor
portions was experienced
t a. m. Snndav. Professor
, , ,, ,, ' ,
amels "i Hill Military aeaoemy.
faul Professor II. !.. itcmnan. formerly
of the university of the Pacific. Sau
each of whom has made a
Stu .lv of eai rhquakes. both f*H the dis
meut dwellers iu parts of (he city also
felt the disturbance, which was .similar
though lighter than one felt here
about a month ago.
Spokane. Wn.. Nov. 2S. — An earth
I houses aud awafc
cxperienced here be
lt» Sunday morning.
Gonzaga university
of the temblor to
quake, which rock«
ened sleepers, was
tween •'■ :">0 arid •"
The seismograph a
reported the radiu
be about 300 miles.
So forceful was the temblor that pa
tients at a local hospital were awak
ened when the beds and picture frames
were jarred.
Reports from Leavenworth. Yakima.
Colfax and other inland cities report
shocks of various degrees of mildness.
Oil Magnate's Slayer,
Wife of Nephew, Is
Seen in Minneapolis
Minneapolis. \'<
and private detectives Sunday night were
searching for Mrs. Clara Smith Hamon.
said to be wanted mi Ardmore. Okla..
ill connection with the deal
.lake L Hamon. Republics:
committeeman and uiillionair
A report was received that
answering Mrs. Ilanton's
had registered at a 1
Thursday but no trace
found Sunday night.
Mrs. Hamon was th
one of the milliouair
nntiou-wide search is
there of
oil man.
iical hotel
of her could
i> former wift
•'s nephew s.
being made
Postal Raises Wages
10 Per Cent, Toils
20 to Meet Bills
' of 20
cent in
b\ the
New York. Nov. 28.—laerea
per rent in rates and ten per
salaries to employes, effective
hCr L were announced Sundav
Postal Telegraph & Cable Co. through
its secretary. William ,1. Deegan.
In a statement sent to its offices
throughout the country the increases are
announced "as necessary to meet in
creased operating expenses, to properly
care for our employes and give better
service to the public."
I nder tbe increases the rates yvill be
on a level with those charged by other
telegraph and cable companies iu the
United States, Mr. Deegan said.
Cristobal, ('anal Zone. Nov, 28.- Pres-,
ident-elect Warren (J. Harding lefi the
canal zone for the United States Sun
day afternoon after a week's visit, in
which he included an intimate study of
the commercial and military advantages
and needs of the waterway, and ex
changed assurances of friendly relations
with the republic of Panama.
The steamer Pa stores will reach Nor
folk Saturday. Senator Harding will
proceed to Washington before his re
turn to Marion.
As in the examination of tie defenses
at the Pacific end of the canal Saturday,
the president elect took great interest
in small details, asking many questions
to familiarize himself with the strategic
situation. . ,
During a vl*it to the naval air sta
tion at Cocosolo, Mrs. Harding accepted
Some shooting occurred after
the outbreak of the flames. Con
! stables on the scene were fired afc
; and bullets passed through the
(clothing of some of them, but
j none was injured. One civilian
I was shot dead.
Five men were arrested in con
! nection w r ith the incendiary out
; break.
London. Nov. 28— A dispatch to th<%
Press Association from Liverpool says:
"An alarming outbreak of Sinn Fein,
violence occurred Saturday night short
ly before 9 o'clock. Fires broke out
Mimiltaneouslv both in the south and
north ends of Liverpool and also in
18 Blazes in All.
"There were seven fires in Bootle
anf ) j„ various parts of Liverpool,
"Subsequent discoveries revealed a
i vvp " planned Sinn Fein plot to spread
a holocaust of fire among the ware
j houses iu the dock area. The fires were
j spread over almost all of the whole
i seven miles of the dock area. *
i "' r »PP*«" that each building was
»»/rked for destruction, oy allotmg gangs
' ut four or five men. one of whom stood
senirv while the others cut the lock*
anf? applied ififlamables.
"It is impossible to estimate the total
"The man who shot Daniel Ward es
caped. The police chased and captured
his accomplice."'
Orgy of Outrage.
The Liverpool correspondent of the
Evening Telegram, in a message Sun
day. says;
"An orgy of outrage and destruction.
I believed to have been engineered bv
! Sinn Feiners. was carried out ou 12
cotioii warehouses and several timber
j yards here. Several fires were burn
| ing at once, necessitating a call for the
assistance of outlying fire brigades,
j Many of the fires still are burning."
Suspect Slays Policeman.
The neswpaper says a suspected man,
j believed to have been connected with
1 one of the fires, when seized by a
: policeman, pulled a revolver aud shot
1 the policeman dead. The man was ar
, resied.
The descriptions of two men wanted
in connection with the fires have been
circulated by the police, and it is be
lieved, adds the message, that both are
connected with the Sinn Fein move
Belfast. Nov. 28. -A statement issu
ed toirghf from Dublin castle, after
giving an account of the Liverpool fires
and accompanying incidents, adds:
"Head in conjunction with the docu
ments discovered last week in which
plans for Sinn Fein reprisals against
the English towns of Manchester and
Liverpool, among ;> number, yverp de
tailed these things have a very sinister
aspect. The fact of the police being
fired on suggests that the methods of
the Sinn Fein murder gang in Ireland
are being employed against thp Kngiish
people, even if the. personnel of th«
murderers is not the same."
CORK LOSS $500.000.
Cork. Nov. 28.—In additional incen
diary fires Saturday night, an extensiv«
block of buildings in St. Patrick's street
j was completely destroyed, involving
1 damage estimated at 100.000 pound«
; sterling.
The fires broke out at one o'clock
Sunday moruing aud burned fiercely
until daybreak.
Burlington, Iowa. Nov. 28.— Thomas
Hedge. 70, formerly congressman from
the First Iowa district, died Sunday st
his home here. lie was a veteran of
the civil war.
an invitation to make a flight in
' plane, spending fifteen iiiinuu
Limon bay in one of tbe largest N-C
i type planes used by the navy. The
: pt, lnf > attained a hei Hit of 1,000 feet
! and though it was her first experience
• Ht flying. Mrs. Harding seemed to enjoy
lit immensely.
i Sunday night the president elect was
(a guest of honor at n dinner tendered
; him by tbe merchants of Colon and
j Cristobal. The affair was the occa
j sion for renewal of expressions of com
ity between the I nited States and Pan
ama and pledges of co-operation to pro
mote the commercial value of the canal.
Senator Harding gave assurances of
his interest in the development of Cen
tral and South American trade and ex
pressed belief that tbe canal would
form an influential factor in develop
ment of world commerce. r

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