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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
W. M. Bole, Editor O. S. Warden. Manager Leonard G ■ Diehl. Business Manager EDITOR IA I. PACE LENINE DOUBLY VINDICATED. IT is not a race between the League of Nations and bolshevism in thi sense that bolshevism is now an im minent danger to western and cen tral Europe. The military victoriesj of the soviets cannot brush away the truth which has been coming out of Russia concerning what sovietism means to Russia. Bolshevism will be confined to Russia. But there is no meaning to all this talk about destroying bolshevism in Russia in a war of "ideas," if western civili zation has no great affirmative idea to set up against bolshevism. Lenine will not be shaken out of power in Russia as long as he can point to the outside world refusing to learn the lessons of the war. There is rumor of trade resump tion with Russia, of possible recog nition for the soviets, when Mr. Harding becomes president. But there is to be no recognition for Wilsonism! If the enemies of the league have their way, it will be a double recognition for bolshevism. The Lenine idea will be vindicated in Russia. The league will be de stroyed outside of Russia. America's absence from Geneva is an added comfort to Moscow in its celebration of military victory. AMERICA'S FIGHT FOR OIL. WITH oil gushers coming in al most every week in the Mosby section, Montanans find it hard to believe that America's supply of pe troleum is much less than the de mand. Oil men know it, however, which perhaps accounts for the fact that there is more excitement in the oil regions of Texas and California over the Montana oil wells than there is right here in Montana. The recent note of Secretary of State Colby to the British govern ment indicates various powers the attention the are giving to the matter of oil supply, and of it the Springfield Republican has this to say: "The essence of Secretary Colby's note to the British government re garding Mesopotamia and other mandate territories is the insistence upon the claim of equality of economic opportunity for this coun try regardless of its nonmembership in the League of Nations. The note actually covers the broader ground of equality of opportunity for 'all nations' in mandate territories, which is sound in abstract principles, but is less defensible as a claim under the text of article 22 of the covenant than a claim for the United States as a participant in the war. "There is no clause in article 22 specifically granting equality to 'all nations,' regardless of their mem bership in the league, while the .article does 'secure equal oppor tunities for the trade and com merce' of all members of the league other than the mandatory power in the case of all mandate territories unless exception be made of certain communities formerly belonging to the Turkish empire. These possible exceptions are referred to as com munities whose existence as 'inde pendent nations can be provisional ly recognized subject to the render ing of administrative advice and assistance by such time as they are able to stand alone.' Mesopotamia can hardly be placed in the class of states whose independence could be provi sionally recognized. Armenia and Palestine more readily fit that de scription. mandatory until i "But not being a member of the j acm*. the ITniteH States nnw 1 a^ue. tne united states now join the league strengthens its claim for consideration and the undoubted fact that America is united in pressing for equal opportunity in league, the United States now stresses the important part it played in the v/ar and in bringing victory to the allied powers as the justification for its demand for economic equality of opportunity in mandate territories. The possibil ity that the United States will yet j trade and the development of nat ural resources will warn mandatory powers not to claim monopoly privileges. "The matter is of great economic importance, owing especially to the rapidly intensifying rivalry of the great industrial powers for control of the petroleum deposits of the earth. Mesopotamia is rich in oil. In our own country oil consumption is outrunning oil production by many millions of barrels a year. In the 'petroleum age,' it is vital to America to have access on equal terms with its competitors to the unexploited oil ' deposits of unde veloped regions, if access on such terms can be brought about. „ It would be a mockery if territories transferred from Germany and ! Turkey to entente powers as a re sult of the war should be closed in an economic sense to the United ; States, whose intervention in the j war made the defeat of the central powers possible, ; "One of the gravest disadvantages to the United States from the ! failure to enter the League of Na I tions arises in connection with the j mandate territories. Much damage haj already been done, but the Colby note is evidence of the de j tcrmined effort of the administra tion to safeguard American inter • ests to the utmost degree in spite of ! the handicaps to which the treaty controversy jected it." at home has sub T NEW YORK'S MANNERS. HE New York school council has recommended that a period of twenty minutes of school time every week be devoted to instruction j , n politeness. Much of New York's j man ners, we are told, are flipped out !_ w ith the indifference with which a manifestations of a simple form of politeness seemed obvious. In 30 cases there was an utter disregard of the opportunity to be polite. In 25 instances there was an indiffer ent effort to be polite. Real polite man snaps the ashes from his cigar. A New York, who, perhaps was of the opinion that his home town took its manners with it when it went out, made a personal investiga tion and decided that if such was the case, said manners were not in the best of working order. In four 20 minute periods on four different days in four distinct environments he checked up on New York's man ners as they are offered in evidence and came to the conclusion that the individual and collective headlong ing spirit of the town is elbowing manners off the track. He scored 100 instances in which exhibited in 20. In about half of these cases, which were noted uptown, downtown, in subway, surface and elevated trains and on the street, the persons who ness was shown on eight occasions, exaggerated politeness (mostly bv youth) i„ seven a „d actual passed up politeness seemed to be considered solely with a desire to gain another yard in the general di rection of a goal, which was not in sight. Result—bumpings, joltings and squeezings, with only an occa sional offering of a bow or an "ex cuse me." The question was put to a police man at Thirty-fourth street and Fifth avenue: "Does it strike you that New York people are reasonably polite?" And this was his reply: "What do you mean, polite? Say, New York has other things to think about, Folks can be polite in a little town, but in a crowd, what's the use? It doesn't get you anything or any where." Far be it from us to say anything about a man who deliberately re fuses a million dollars, but— The girl who won a $10,000 prize as the most beautiful girl in New York, and who turned down 12 mil lionaires to marry a bookkeeper in , 1 a plumoer s shop, is now suing her I husband for a divorce, because, she j says, another woman has won him uu Jum away trom her. <Nc have no doubt . that a penny would be cheap for ' her fhmioht« thoughts. j _ ' , , i Une hundred and fifteen persons ; in Los Angeles have organized a s . . . 1 society tue object of which is to : eliminate from the movies pictures ! of bathtubs, barefooted girls wfci I wade in brooks, women who smoke | Some one is always taking the joy out of life. cigarettes and scenes in which bowie ! 1 • j • l . . I knives and six shooters predominate, j A prize Holstein bull that died | near Kansas City the other day was j found to have been killed by a darn- | actually fought the state police the j oth „ dav iust , , ook at , j ing needle in its heart. An entirely j new method of "shooting the bull." j ——-—-—— ; —— ! hive hundred persons in Pittsburg j actually fought the state police the ! other day just to get a look at 1,275 cases of liquor which the officers | i. j r* i j j I had confiscated and were moving. Those battling spectators will now probably apply for jobs as members of the state police. Six Oklahoma girls have banded together for the "suppression of artificial means of making women prettier" and have organized the "Anti-Powder Puff association." We venture the guess that it will be short-lived. Miss Alice Robertson, elected to congress from Oklahoma, boasts that she has never worn any except cot ton stockings and does not intend to change to silk now. Sort of a rival to the memory of "Sockless Jerry" îjimpson. Well, Jerry got lots of publicity. The Haskin Letter By FREDERIC HASKIN THE ARTIST IN THE MOVIES. well-told story, Lok Angeles, Calif.. Nov. 22.—A brand Dew planet has recently appeared among ruovie constellations in the form of the Artist. lie represents the latest at tempt of movie magnates to raise the production of moving pictures from an industry to an art. From now on we can look gratefully forward to pictorial effects on the screen as well as human interest ones, for the Artist is going to have his say, as well as the director, the star and the author. Already the coast studios are becoming fairly well populated with artists of re pute. including Paul Chalfin, the deco rator, Penrhyn Stanlaws, the illustrator, and Joseph Urban, the scenic designer. Although it seldom gets credit for it. the moving picture industry is well aware of its own short-comings. It knows that it is primarily a commercial activ ity, in which popular appeal is more important than quality, but it sincerely endeavors to be as artistic as possible. It has traveled a long way since _ the days of two and three-reelers, but it is not satisfied to stop. It is ready with its public to take the itext step, which is more artistic lighting and setting. In the early days of the industry it was the company alone that mattered. People went, to see a "Biograph"' or a "Universal" without paying any special attention to the stars. But as the old guard companies disbanded, the stars became the chief attraction. Mary Pick ford. Alice Joyce, Maurice Oostello and W-. S. Hart were followed to whatever theatres booked them. Then the public and the producers simultaneously dis covered that the featuring of their fa vorite star did not necessarily mean a and their confidence shifted to the director. But even a re nowned director did not seem to inspire a good story, so the vogue changed to popular writers. The day of the author has been long, but the movies are nov recklessly seeking—perhaps once mor with their public—something better, The notion seems to be gaining head-j way that more effective pictures could be mad» if the depicting of human emo tions from the pictorial angle were giv en more expert supervision. Screen to Follow Stage. In other words the industry is on the point of timidly deciding that it is ready for (he revolutionary ideas and methods that Gordon Craig and Adilph Appia have introduced in the theatre. It will be cautious, of course, but there is a strong movement for placing the entire process of picture production under the control of the artist. According to Wilfred Buckland, who is in charge of the setting at the Fam ous Player studios at Hollywood, this is merely the next logical step. In his opin ion. the dealistic background cannot last much longer. "The building of real in teriors," he says, "has already been ear as possible. Now for emo tions^nnd moods. The tendency K'' f away from the strictly photographic " "In painting a picture an artist does not paint a real house. reproducing minute belongs to th tographic -something The grea etaii. That sort of thing >ld and now despised phu h<»>l of art. 11" paints in it give tone to the figures, secret of art, as Whistler said, is knowing what to Every once in a while you ; by discovering a picture m director has shown sign leave out et a shock which the f an artistic if mov ! I j ! j : j I ; j j conscience. But the majority ing pictures are still far behind commer cial photography, which is becoming less and less photograj)hic, while most of the advertisements in the hack pages of our magazines are more artistic than the average movie." This is a particularly interesting ad mission of the part of Mr. Buckland, because he was perhaps th.- first to in troduce the Belasco school of realism on the screen He was Mr. Belasco s as sistant for several years during which time he developed stage realism to its Way I*"*'for* th»" theatr^'^several ' 'years ! ago, for instance. Mr. Buckland rented the room a chorus giri had had on For ty-second street in New York took a scenic artist over, and made a sketch of! everything in it. It was reproduced in exact, detail in that play. "Yes," said he ruminatively, as he sat i in his queer little office up under the roof of one of the studio buildings, "Gordon Craig and I were schoolboys together. We grew up and started out j in our profession aboui the same time, ; but Gordon has followed the progressive road, while 1 have stuck to the old one.' How Sets Are Made. But this is merely an example of Mr Back-land's whimsical modesty, for on his own road his achievements have been noteworthy, also, and it. is unite evident that once authorized it would not take him long to leap from realism to moods arul *. m " tion8, to °' As '!• l f: ho ! s con ", tributing some very artistic sets and lighting to the Famous Players pictures, When a story is to be photographed »t is handed to him for the arrangement its background. He reads it to get an idea of what the people are like and what their surroundings should be. In tllis h< * is assiste(1 b > !' research staff —one of the most valuable assets of moving picture studios these days which has a large library of'its own. set the correct details, including what tho ,,SP ' nnl \ hinK " they carry, and their peculiar customs, This is done in the case of every for eign background, and Mr. Buckland has suggested that it might even be ex tended for a few American settiugs which are often foreign, apparently, to directors '""t Ind 'Turne.I over to a force of architectural drafts Every house in an archi workmen— just as the plans of a house ',ui7™Ä Lt ^ .^VxacUy tectural office. When 'the plans are completed they go to the studio work shop—a huge one employing dozens of workmen—just as the plans the director will know how they will look before thev are built. Consequently, X^Xv are completed no changes when t have to he made—a very important precaution in an industry which loses tremendous sums of money if its stars and directors are held up in their work When the house is built. Mr. Buck land descends from its roof and goes over the scene: directs the painting and interior decorations, sometimes in con sultation with the director, and pro ceeds to have it furnished like a real house. In a surprisingly short time af ter he gets a story you can walk into the room where the heroine is supposed to live—stairs, hallways, French doors, window draperies and everything. If the house is the interior of some exterior already photographed, great, care must, be taken to get the dimensions exactly right. Sometimes, if you are like us, you see some very queer discrepancies on the screen, such as colonial facades with interior round rooms, but. we feel 3Ure they do not come from this studib. Two Kinds of Directors. When all is set, the director and the stars come along. The characters are 1 grouped and photographed just as if they were real people in a real house. Under the circumstances, however, the direct or of the sets never knows what the director of the stars is going to do. A background may he studied and erected with the greatest care ouly to be dis regarded entirely <>r changed about, us ually for the worse, iu accordance with the director's point of view. Here at this studio you can walk through whole streets hurriedly erected on its brosfd acres for one lone picture. There are English churches, Italian vil las, Fifth Avenue palaces und peasant cottages, some of them quite complete and others in the process of construc tion. In one part of the studio is a large tank, which takes on a different setting every other day or so. Some times it is à jungle swamp, surrounded by thick tropical underbrush containing real monkeys and parrsts, and again it is a cool, placid lake in a millionaire's garden, or along the terrace of a fash ionable hotel. Everything is reproduced in precise detail. Not long ago. the scene called for was a waterfront in Hong Kong. The research staff was put to work un covering details about Hong Kong and „ photographs of its streets, and in a few davs the set department had an exact waterfront along the duplicate of the ever versatile tank. At the last mo ment, moreover, a couple of Orientals were dispatched to obtain a supply of Chinese signs for the various small shops represented. About this time a Chinese diplomat visited the studio on his way through California. With great pride, the set department led him to the newly con structed waterfront and asked him what he thought of it. The diplomat bowed politely and said he thought it was very nice- Seeing that he smiled, however, the set artists pressed him for a criticism. "Well," he said at length, "I did not know there were so many shoe stores in Hong Kong." And here it was revealed that all of the signs in the shops were shoe signs. With a background of moods and emo tions, of course, all such discrepancies would be severely eliminated. Government Anxious to Hasten Rapallo Treaty Ratification, Decides Giolitti. LÖndön, Dec. 1.—Premier Giolitti of Italy, speaking in the chamber of depu ties iu Rome Tuesday, refused to an swer a question asking whether the gov eminent intended to take military mea sures against ("apt. Gabrhde D'Annunzio in Fiuine, says a Rome dispatch to the London Times. "The government." he declared, "is anxious to hasten final ratification of the Kapalo treaty with Jugo-Slavia. which already has been approved by the chamber and will be submitted to the senate December 2." While General Caviglia's regulars have thrown a cordon around Fiume only small incidents have thus far be»n reported, says a Milan dispatch to the Times. Every effort will be given to the reg ulars it is said to induce the followers of D'Annunzio to desert. The dispatch int« Italian territory proper uson on ... , m™ M to the poet-soldier, has beet . - 1 ï L-SITanZlStaS mVOlVed quotes a telegram from Trieste to the ctfect that regular Alpin» and some o> I • Aniiunzio s men exchanged shots and hand grenades \vhen the latter < rosseil , , , . . A few regulars were made prisoners by D Annunzio s soldiers at an advanced post, in the road to Cantriva. The gar th»» island of Veglia, held by reinforced. Plots Against Obregon Spring Up in Mexico; Washington, Dec. 1.—Rumors of an ti-Obregon conspiracies in the northern part of Mexico and along the border have reached the state department and officials said they were watching the situation closely to see that American I rights were not violated. Cognizance has been 'aken in reports I from Havana that Pablo Gonzales and other adherents of the Carranza regime were on their way to Texas but govern ! ment officials said there was no reason why they should be denied entrance to the United States. McCormick Disclaims Political Significance Is Attached to Trip London. Dec. 1.—United Slate Sen ator Medill McCormick of Illinois on his arrival here Tuesday from the United States disclaiamed reports he was visit ing Europe to feel out the nations on a new plan for a League of Nations. He said his trip to Europe had no political significance. Evolve Perfect Prune From American Plum Wilmington, Del, Dec. 1.—The "per fect prune" is soon to be grown in America, Professor L. K. Detjen, of Delaware college announced in an ad dress before the thirty-fourth annual convention of the Peninsula Horticul tural society. Describing this super prune, which is to be evolved from a domestic plum. Professor Detjen said it would be the first time an American variety has been adapted to prune pi:r- j poses, the output hitherto having been ! grown from European varieties. Mexican Coal Strike Ended, Mines Resume Plagie Pass. Tex., Dec. 1.—Work in all coal mines of the state of Coahuiln, whose miners have been on strike since October 11. for increased wages was resumed Wednesday, according tb the Mexican consulate here. Two mines, the Atijila and Cloete, whose owners re fused to grant an increase of 20 per cent In the miner's pay as recommended by the Mexican government, were taken ov er by the government in order to settle the strike, the consulate announced. j j i j Ionic architecture was invented about ■TOO years before the time of Homer, who was himself au Ionian. T OF Extreme Southern States Least Receptive of Sug gestions Revealed. to the conference of governors Wednesday by Judge William M ^^^f Harrisburg, Pa. ' ~ J * Aircraft Regulations Urged for All States, Mrmnr I IfaK F liOnOi vJtan Hixecutive. Harrisburs. Pa.. Dec. 1.— Efforts being made by the National Conference on Uniform Laws to unify civil and crim irai statutes in the states, were explained hi Har The desire for uniformity extends to laws regulating commerce and busi ness, affairs, but does not seem to ex tend to those which regulate social and family usages," Judge Hargest said. "The extreme southern states have been the least receptive to the sugges tions of the conference, he declared. "Arizona and Mississippi have adopted five suggestions and other southern bor der states « less number. Wisconsin leads in the number of acts recommended bv the conference, having adopted 17; Massachusetts has adopted 12; Illinois 11; Alaska 10; Utah 8; Idaho, Nevadas and Pennsylvania seven, each and Ten nessee, ten. "Laws regulating aircraft should be rassed uniformly in all states. The rights to recover damages for landing i.n unauthorized places and for flying too low will have to be defined, and flying! over crowds regulated or prevented." Twe score governors attended the con ference of which Governor Simon Bam berger, Utah, who is.president a,ad dean! of the gathering, by virtue of having missed none of its 12 yearly sessions, During a general discussion following the morning's program Governor Sproul said he planned to set an example to ether states in urgiug extensive park legislation. Street Car Crews and Officers Held for Cutting Service Davenport. la., Dec. 1.—Officials and train crews of the Tri City Railway com pany were arrested Wednesday on in formation filed by City Attorney Scrooch fieid. charged with failure to operate their cars in accordance with the terms of the franchise. As an economic measure the company several days ago announced they would discontinue operation of the Fourth street line which for a distunce of more than a mile parallels the Third street Hue. The bridge line was shortened and "owl" service curtailed. Socialist city officials had warned the company that as soon as the proposed\ changes were put in force, arrests would follow. Bar to Immigration Into Canada Placed , to Protect Laborers Ottawa. Ont., Dec. 1.—The Canadian government passed an order in council Tuesday inte nded to restrict immigration 0 f mechanics, artisans and laborers by increasing the individual financial en trance rPquiremeuts from $50 to $250 „ * This was done in order to alleviate the condition of unemployment in the domin ion. The order becomes effective among the! international boundary December 13. and at ocean ports January 1. The new order does npt affect tour ists, commercial travelers or returning Canadians. It states that "a consider able amount of unemployment prevails in parts of Canada and that the pros pects for employment are not likely to improve during the next few months." Wire Products Drop 50 Per Cent; Nails Quoted at $3.75 Keg Fa ;i s to Kill Self, Pittsburgh. Dec. 1.—The price of steel wire products were cut here Tues day for the first time in several years when the Pittsburgh Steel Co. aunounc ed a reduction of approximately 50 cents per 100 pounds, making the new quotations on wire nails $3.75 a keg and on pjlain wire, $3.25 a 100 pounds f. o. b. Pittsburgh. Barbed wire and fence staples were priced proportionately. Arrested for Trying Hillings, Dec. 1.—Frank Frame, who last night shit himself in the head but failed to inflict more than a scalp wound, was arrested today for attempted suicide. WRANGEL AND ARMY READY TO FIGHT AGAIN Paris, Dec. 1.—General 15aron Wran gel has notified the French government he is ready to come to Paris to discuss using his army once more against the forces of soviet Russia says the Matin. This army, which has been reorganized since its disastrous defeat by the bolshe viki on the Crimean peninsula, is said to number about 70,000 men. UNNECESSARY EXERTION. "You should try to curb your bad hab its." What's the use? Soon all of them will be abolished by constitutional amendments."—Life. American Bank & Trust Co. of Great Falls OFFICERS: R P ReckarÄS president W. K. Flowerreo Vice-President H. G. Lescher Vice-President F. O. Nelson Cashier P. A. Fisher Assistant Cashier DIRECTORS: \V. W. Haight Frank W. Mitchell J. J. Flaherty t,. E. Foster Robert Cameron F. O. Nelson R. P. Reckards H. G. Leseher C. E. Helsey Albert J. Fousek C. B. Roberts Alfred Malmherg Clyde Wilcox Charles Horning W. K. Flowerree ... Walter Kennedy Chas. Glea Wm. Grills Fred A. Wcehner Charles R. Taylor E. IU. Narrt» 4% Interest on Time Certificate* and Savings Account«, T Forbid American Flag Being Flown From Buildings and Automobiles. Constantinople, Dec. 1.—(By The As sociated Press.)—Increasing' hostility toward Americans and American relief interests is being shown by the Turkish nationalists, says a letter from Henrv Higgs, director for the near east relief at Kharput. He asserts the national ists still refuse the Americans permis sion to proceed to various places to carry on their work and forbid the American flag to be flown from Amer ica Jl b "i'dings and automobiles Mr. Riggs said adherents of Musta roh Kemal confiscated a certain propor tion of the food supplies intended for Armenian orphanages. He charges also Armenian children have been ex pelled from orphanages and the build in ^ s converted into Turkish schools. 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No longer are your gift desires limited to an electric iron or vacuum cleaner. They are here, of course,—but with them such an ar ray of those daintier things, which so com pletely please the feminine heart to recel v® and the masculine heart to give. The Montana Power Co. AT YOUR SERVICE Hydrastia Cream SOFTENS ROUGH SKINS LAPEYRE BROS. DRUG STQRE BIG FUI TO HELP , .. . . . ..„ , er -^ SÛL nlnce to and hundred« of sick have no place to Sets Aside $400,000 for Assist ance of 139,000 Homeless in Constantinople. Washington, Dec. 1.—Appropriation of S 400,000 for the relief of the 139,000 south Russian refugees in Constanti nople, was announced Tuesday by the American Red Cross, in response to a cable from Rear Admiral Bristol, de scribing the situation as "catastrophic." "This sum. with the $300,000 appro priated by the Russian embassy in Washington, which is to be administered by the American Red CroRS," the state ment said, "makes a total of $700,000 available for relief of the stricken thou sands in whose ranks are many women and children." Admiral Bristol's message said "ev stay. Danger of an epidemic is very great."