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GREAT FAIXS DAILY TRIBUNE
THIRTY -SECOND YEAR GREAT PALLS. MONTANA. FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1920. PRICE FIVE CENTS LODGE NOT TO BE CABNET MEMBER CONGRESS COMMITTEES START WORK DEVISING FARMERS' RELIEF LEGISLA TION MAY REVIVE WAR FINANCE CORPORATION Agricultural Boards of Senate and House Begin Hearings on Conditions Causing Falling Prices; Secretary Houston and Governor of Federal Reserve Bank System Will Attend. Washington, Dec. 2.—The plight of farmers due to falling prices was taken to congress Thursday. Agricultural committees of the senate and house, in joint session, began hearings on con ditions brought about by falling prices, preliminary to devising relief measures. They decided to ask Secretary Houston and Gov ernor Harding, of the federal reserve board, to come before them after Eugene Meyer, jr., former head of the War Finance corpora tion, had declared that rehabilitation of that body would go a long step towards furnishing the desired relief by financing ex ports of surplus crops. ^ Legislation extending a billion dollars credit to Germany was advocated before the joint committee by J. J. Brauer of New York, who claimed to represent the German government, while Senator Smoot of Utah announced he would pro pose an embargo on imports of wool for relief of American wool growers in a bill he will offer on Monday. Would Stabilize Business. Representative Campbell of Kansas suggested that profits of the grain corpo ration, about ,5100,000,000, be made avail able for loans to farmers. Mr. Meyer told the joint committee that the act creating the War Finance corporation was passed four months af ter the armistice and intended by con gress to bridge over the situation by fin mcing exports until normal economic con ditions were restored. He said conditions now were those which congress had in mind in enacting the measure, and that restoration of the corporation would have a tremendous stabilizing effect. Farmers in some sections of Nebraska have said they will burn their corn be cause at current prices it would not pay for coal. L. O. Schroyer, secretary of the Farmers union of that state, asser ted. He urged further credits, immediate financing of export surplus crops, a pro tective tariff, and appointment of a "dirt farmer" as secretary of agriculture. Edge Opposes Plan. Opposition to the revamping of war time government agencies for peace-time operation was expressed in a statement by Senator Edge, Republican, of New Jersey. He was anxious, he said, to help the farmers and other classes equally, but added that consumers were tired of high prices. "The only durable and infallible barom eter of business is the law of supply and demand," Senator Edge said, "and to set up an artificial, uneconomic and false structure for the maintenance of prices, because some certain industries are suf fering, is only postponing the evil day when all business and industry, includ ing the farmers, inevitably must face the music." F American Society of Equity Officials Pass Lie Over Financial Report Given. Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 2.—Pandemo nium reigned this afternoon following the reading of the financial report of the Wisconsin branch of (he American So ciety of Equity. Fproar followed up roar after D. O. Mahoney, former presi dent. challenged ,T. B. Houston's report. "Your assets show that you are $4, 000 to $5.000 to the good," said Ma honey. He questioned the value of cer tain assets mentioning a $9.000 item for which lie said "no one would give 9 cents." Mr. Houston said that the item was an account due from the national union and President J. N. -Tittemore added that lawyers had stated that it could be collected by assessing every member. J. Weiler Long took exception to a statement made by Mr. Tittemore and shouted: "You're a liar!" Vice President J. Alex. Re.vburn turned and shouted: "We won't stand for having our president called a liar." Other delegates shouted: "Put him out'" Order was restored when President Tittemore announced that he would call upon Mayor Hoan to have all dis turbers ejected. President Tittemore said the accounts in question were of sufficient value to enables bin to produce a man who would pay 95 cents on the dollar for them. CHAIN GANG STRIKES Taeoma. Wn., Dec. 2.—A chain gang of 40 prisoners Wednesday went on strike. Tjje men were ordered put on bread and water diet AROENTM TO PULL OUT OF TOE LEAGUE Government Awaiting Report From Geneva Delegate Giving His Decision. Buenos Aaires, Dec. 2.—(By the Associated Press).—Withdrawal of Ar_ gentine from the League of Nations is understood to be a strong probability. It is learned the government is hourly expecting a cablegram from Honorio Pueyrredon, foreign minister and Ar gentina's representative at the assem bly of the league, reporting his decision on the question. It is believed the basis of this country's withdrawal would be the inability of the Argentine delega tion to obtain the assembly's approval of its proposals at Geneva. MOM T November Treasury Certificates Increase It for Month, Report Shows. Washington, Dec. 2.—-Despite the in crease of $112,046,571 in the public debt during November, announced Thursday by the treasury, officials of the depart ment declared that at the end of the year a reduction of $300,000,000 could be expected from the gross debt of $24. 087.000,000 as it stood on September 30. On November 30, the nation's debt was $24,175,156,244, compared with $24,062, 509,672 on October 30. Officials ex plained. however, that the November 15 issue of treasury certificates, amounting to $232,000,000, 'with only $94,000.000 in certificates maturing in the month, was mainly responsible for the increase. Reduction in the public debt is only possible as tax installments come due quarterly, officials declared. With judi cious financing it was asserted that the last quarter of this year would show a reduction of from $100,000,000 to $300, 000,000 from the September totals. Valera's Papers Show Irish Republicans in German Plot, Charge London, Dec- 2.—Premier Lloyd George stated in the house of com mons Thursday that documents found in the possession of Eamonn de Valera when be was arrested in May, 1918, would be included in those which the government is about to make public. These documents, the premier asserted, implicated the Irish republican army in the German conspiracy. Body of A. J. Small Was Not Concealed Under Toronto Theater Toronto, Dec. 2.—Excavation under the Grand opera house here Thursday failed to reveal the body of Ambrose J. Small, Canadian theatrical magnate, who has been mysteriously missing for a year. The police stated that John Doughty, formerly Small's secretary, who is charged with stealing large amounts of securities from his employer, has made no additional statement regarding the theatrical man's disappearance. Mince Pie Outlawed, Brandied Cherries Beyond Pale, Also Houston, Tex., Dec. 2.—In what was said to be the opening gun of a nation-wide campaign, federal pro hibition agents Thursday seized vir tually all of Houston's visible supply of Christmas brandied cherries and mince meat, put in glass Jars prior to prohibition. Armed with search warrants and a moving van. the agents seized more than 400 jars of fruit from several retail grocery stores and cached them in the local prohibition enforcement office. The agents assert that the fruit contained more than one-haif of I per cent alcohol. ARTICLE 10 IS NO GUARANTEE OF TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY IS INTERPRETATION OF ASSEMBLY Geneva, Dec. 2.—Article 10 of the League of Nations covenant does not guarantee the territorial integrity of any member of the league according to the first offi cial interpretation of that article by the league, unanimously adopted by the commission on the admission of new states. This declaration Is generally regarded as one of the most important decisions yet taken by the leauue members. The Interpretation was provoked by the proposal of Giuseppe Motta. of the Swiss delegation, who a«keii that If the present status of Aus tria were changed. Vorarlberg be permitted to join Switzerland. The text of the Interpretation follows: "We cannot recommend the adop ption of the proposal put forward by M. Matta. We are Indeed of the opinion that the entry of Austria Into the lea'jue will in no way pre judice or affect the question so CHARGE OF 150 PER CENT PROFIT ON FEDERAL RESERVE BANK RATES OF REDISCOUNT BRINGS A DENIAL Washington, Dec. 2.—An appeal by Senator Owen, Democrat, of Oklahoma, to the federal reserve board for a gen eral lowering of its rediscount rates, brought a response from W. I*. Harding, the board's governor, which declared that the organization was "reluctant to discuss proposed changes in discount rates," because such discussion would "have an unsettling effect and give those best in a position to form an opinion as to the probable action of the hoard an advantage over those not thus situated." Senator Owen's letter said that re serve bank earnings from present dis count rates were running at 150 per cent per annum, "putting the government in the position of profiteering," and in some cases "absolutely stopping legitimate distribution." Governor Harding countered with the Choir Boy Gangster Facing Gallows Death Confesses to Murders Chicago, Dec.. 2—Nicholas former choir boy and known "song bird" of the county jail, confess ed Thursday to participation in the kill ing of Andrew Bowman and Benedict Wendell in a holdup. The confession came after Governor Frank O. Lowden refused to pardon him. Viana is sen tenced to hang December 10. Viana blamed Samuel Cardinella. leader of the hold-up gang, for his down fall and charges that he was responsible' for the murders. Cardinella, who is also under sentence of death, admits participation in the hold ups, although he denied firing any of the shots result ing the death of the victims. "There is one thing that I don't think is right," Viana said, "and that is that they should hang me on my birthday. It happens to fall on December 10." Woman Who Scored for Chicago Cubs Wants to Be Mayor Attleboro, Mass., Dec. 2—Mrs. Eliza Daggett aspires to be the first woman to occupy a mayor's chair in Massachu setts, and has announced her self as one of the five candidates at the coming elec tion on December 14. During the national political cam paign, Mrs. Daggett was on tbe stump in the west favoring the candidacy of President-elect Harding. She said that ten years, in the baseball days of "Pop" Anson and Billy Sunday she was an official scorer of the Chicago National league club. No one connected with the club, except the president, Mrs. Daggett explained, knew of her official eapaety, it being kept secret because the previous scorer had been bothered by the players about crediting hits and error**' Viana, - the ITALY IS UNEASY AT D'ANNUNZIO'S HOLD ON FIUME Hope Isolation of Poet's Volunteers by Blockade May Avert Clash With Regulars of General Caviglia. Rome, Dec. 2.—For more than an hour Thursday, Minister of War Bonomi conferred with King Victor Emanuel oved the Fiume situation, the war minister afterward proceeding, together with Minister of Marine Secchi to see Premier Giolitti. raised. We cannot help adding that the suggestion that admission to the league should have any such effect appears to arise from a mis construction of article 10. It can not be too emphatically stated that article 10 does not guarantee the territorial Integrity of any member of the league. All it does Is to con demn external aggression on ter ritorial Integrity and the political Independence of any member of the league and call upon the council to consider what can be done to re sist such aggression." M. Motta made the point that Vorarlberg at a recent plebiscite indicated its desire to with Switzerland. He contended under article 10 Vorarlberg would bo prohibited from becoming part of Switzerland should Austria at a later date Join Ger many, and the purpose of his pro posal was to remove any obstacles in the way of Vorarlberg. statement that the senator was "ignor ing tbe economic forces governing the movement in prices, -which for months have been in evidence all over the world." "The board believes the unfavorable conditions which are now the subject of so much complaint were inevitable," Governor Harding added, "and could not in any event have been long deferred. It confidently asserts that but for the precautionary measures taken several months ago conditions would be far worse than they are, with the prospects of stabiization and revival much more remote." To the profiteering charge. Governor Harding retorted that the profit of re serve banks, after paying the govern ment franchise tax, "would be not 150 per cent or more, but barely seven per cent on their liability to stockholders." Working Hours Cut in Steel Mills to Employ More Hands r J Pittsburgh, Pa.. Dec. 2.—Workmen em. ployed in a number of the smaller inde-! pendent steel plants in the Pittsburgh . • . u • •. t «„„l „<•#„>»„ district are beginning to fee the^effects of the readjustment in steel prices, an-|* nounced last week The rate of^wage,. is not being cut, but working time is, thus affecting the income of the worker \\ ith the time cut, all laborers will re for eight hours work at 46 ceive pay cents an hour, which means a reduction of income for the 12 hour men of 42 per cent and for the ten hour men of 27 per cent. This class of labor constitutes about 49 per cent of tbe men employed in the average steel mill. Laborers are not being discharged or suspended, the plan in operation being to distribute the work for all by cutting working hours. 1,200 Men Released by the Edison Plants New York, Dee. 2.—Approximately 1,200 men employed in the New Jersey plants of the Thomas A. Edison affili ated industries at West Orange and Silver Lake, N. .T., have been laid off, the company announced Thursday. Re ductions were necessary fc was stated, "in keeping with the general business trend throughout the country." Fishing for Whisky This Officer's Detail San Francisco, De., 2—Thomas Ken nedy, deputy prohibition enforcement of ficer, has been assigned to "row boat detail" to row about San Francisco bay in tho hope of picking up nets full of Scotch whisky that are reported to have been lowered over the sides of in-coining ships from the far east. Signor Bonomi. who was due to leave for Geneva as Italian delegate to the League of Nations, has postponed his de parture in view of the gravity of the situation created by the conflict with D'Annunzio. The war minister is doing everything possible to avoid an encounter between the regular Italian troops of General Cavaglia and D'Annunzio's sol diers. and still hopes a blockade isolat ing Fiume <ind preventing expeditions by D'Annunzio volunteers may obviate fur ther trouble. Commenting on the situation, which it says it creating great anxiety, the Gior nale d'ltalia expresses fears that the situation may "resolve itself into a trag edy". It points out that D'Annunzio persists in opposing the treaty of Rapallo believing that pact made too many sac rifices of Italian interests in the Adria tic, and that he is determined to prevent the treaty being applied, hoping Serbia's national assembly will not ratify it, in which cas« D'Annunzio thinks Italy would again acquire complete liberty of action. The Italian government, however, the paper points out, considers the treaty as aireuiiy having been ratified by? Ser Ina through the approval of the ftrince r?(rw<t Tibd that it* it; onljf avMitir.*/rati If.eation of the Italian senate before feeing put into force. Therefore General Cav iglia has been ordered to occupy the islands of Veglia and Arbe, which the treaty assigned to .Tugo Slavia. These orders, the newspaper fears, may lead to the first real armed conflict between Italian regular troops and fol lowers of d'Aununzio. [NEW MEXICO SHEEPMEN ASK EMBARGO ON WOOL. Albuquerque. N. M., Dec. 2.—The ex ecutive committee of the New Mexico Wool Growers' association, in a resolu tion adopted today at the close of a two days' session here, asked for an embargo for a year on wool of any kind and all foreign goods manufactured of wool. IT WILL IE II M Allied Premiers Say Action Will Create Unfavorable Situation for Nation. lïoftiiëVts. and would create a new and I unfavorable situation between Greece London, Dec. 2.— (By The Associated Press.)—The allied premiers in confer ence Thursday agreed to send a note to the Greek government declaring that restoration of Constantine to the throne of Greece would be regarded as ratifica tion by that country of Constantine'» j an ^,," 1e a M>es. The 'n L f r 8: >, _„.j rtniian i The British. French and Italian gov ernments have constantly m the past j j f f fhpir d wi]1 townrd8 h r £ k , nnd have favored thpjr j attainment , )f the 8ecular aspirations, Thev> therefore, have been all the more | painfully surprised by the events which just occurred in Greece. They have " no wish to interfere in the internal af fairs in Greece, but feel bound to de clare publicly that restoration of the throne of Greece to a king whose disloyal attitude and conduct towards the allies during the war caused them great em barrassment and loss could only be re garded by them as ratification by Greece of his hostile acts. "This step would create a new and unfavorable situation in the relations between Greece and the allies, and in that case the three governments reserve to themselves complete liberty in dealing with the situation 'thus created." Jeannette Rankin Heads 500 Women to Meet Mr#. MacSwiney New York, Dec. 2.—Miss Jeannette Rankin, former eongreSHWoman from Montana, will bead the American wo men's reception committee of 500 which will greet Mrs. Muriel MacSwiney, widow of the late Lord Mayor of Cork, on her arrival here Friday on the liner Celtic. The longshoremen of New York har bor who staged the protest strike against the Imprisonment of MacSwiney, which tied up British shipping at New York docks last summer, will furnish a large body guard for Mrs. MacSwiney. Mrs. Henry Vlllard has invited Mrs. MacSwiney and her sister-in-law to be her guepts during their stay in New York, » Two Republican Leaders Eliminated as Possible Government Department Heads After Harry Daugherty, Harding's Adviser, Visits Wash ington; Both Prefer to Serve in the Ranks. Washington, Oec. 2.— (By The Associated Press).—Elimina tion of Senators Lodge, of Massachusetts, and New, of Indiana, as prospective officers of President Elect Harding's cabinet was reported to be a development of the visit here Thursday of Harry M. Daugherty, of Ohio, friend and adviser of the president-elect. Mr. Daugherty conferred with a number of prominent Repub licans, including Senators Lodge and New. There was no announce ment of the subjects or results of the conferences, but close friends of the two senators said that both had advised Mr. Daugherty that they desired no cabinet preferment, believing that they'could perform better service for President Harding and their party by remaining in the senate. L [ During Spate Time They Col lected Five and Half Billion in Taxes. Washington, £)eé. 2.—Collection $5,407,580,251 in taxes and efforts control the liquor traffic under the pro hibition act, formed the principal work of the internal revenue bureau during the last fiscal rear. Commissioner Wil liams said in his annual report just made public. The tax collection was the greatest in tbe history of the nation, he add?d. while in prohibition enforcement the bureau was faced with the creation of an organization which embraced all states and Hawaii, Porto Rico and Alaska. Total income and profits taxes made up the bulk of the revenue obtained by the government, with $3.956,936,002, but the report shows that an additional j $295,809,355 came from tobacco taxes, i The levy on distilled and fermented liq- j uors produced $139,401,140 and miseel- j laneous and -var excise taxes brought j in $883,863,871. The remainder of the I revenue was from capital stock, stamp j and special taxation. Mr. Williams noted the collection of j $13,117,788 from aliens who were de- j parting for their native lands after a j temporary residence in the United j States.. Actual cost of collecting the i record tax bill was $27,037,134. or fifty J cents per $100, as compared with 58 j cents per $100 for the fiscal year of ! 1919. F F Total of 16 of 22 Board Barge W. J. Pirrie Are Now Accounted for. Persons on Seattle, Dec., 2—Four more bodies of the victims of the wreck of the barge W. J. Pirrie, crushed on Cape Rock near the mouth of the Quillayute river last week, including that of the 11 months old baby of Captain Alfred Jensen were found Thursday in tho vicinity of Gape Johnson, according to a message from Clallam Bay. This makes a total of 16 of the 22 persons aboard the vessel accounted for. The bodies were found by Indian searchers and all were buried on the beach, the Jensen baby being interred besides its parents. Second Engineer Carlos Peterson and Ernesto Aravena, believed to be the only survivors of the wreck have left Clallam bay for Seattle. The 14 victims of the wreck are b-«-ied at a point less than half a mile from the monument erected by Seattle Norwegians in memory of 22 victims of the wreck of the Norwegian bark Prince Arthur, wrecked near Cape Johncson, seventeen years ago U. S. Plans System to Keep Close Tab on World Markets Chicago, Dec., 2—Flans of the fedoral government to obtain better information on world consumption and production of grains, livestock, dairy products and wool were described Thursday at the an nual convention of the Farmer's National Grain Dealers' association by E. G. Montgomery, of the department of agri culture. Tho plans boing worked out by the department, Mr. Montgomery, said, was to establish experts in various centers of the world. The Massachusetts senator made pub lie a statement urging that course on Senator New. Friends of Senator Lodge said that they believed that his position regarding Senator New applied with equal force to himself. Discuss Tariff Revision Many matters of legislation were said to have been discussed by Mr. Daughtery with his Republican conferees. These included Senator Watson, of Indiana, who will go to Philadelphia to confer with Senator Penrose of Pennsylvania, chairman of the senate finance commit* tee. The question of whether partial tariff revisions to meet conditions regarded as urgent should be attempted during the coming session of congress, prelimi nary., to general tariff revision "gîahfrei affer" President Hârhir.gV inauguration, was among subjects said to hate heen taken up with Mr. Daugherty. Have Wide Rangs Regarding cabin et appointments, Re publican leaders who talked with Mr. Daugherty said there was no disposition t© "frame a slate'" of cabinet eligibles for President Harding. Mr. Daugherty' s conferences were said to have dealt with innumerable questions of legislation and party policies, with cabinet discussions a negligible factor. Mr. Daugherty talked briefly with Sen ator Knox, of Pennsylvania, who has been mentioned for secretary of state, and planned a conference with Senator Knox before leaving for Norfolk to meet Senator Harding. Til Wl OF CHI PRIZE AT BIG CHICAGO SHOW J. J. Schambaugh of Miles City Scores for State at Inter national Livestock Exhibit. I Chicago. Dec. 2.—All sections of the ! country were reached in the prize list of I the international livestock show here I Thursday. The Wendover farm of Ber j nardsville, N. .T., made a cleanup in the i Berkshire swine class, winning the ! awards for senior and grand champion ! sow, junior boar and five, additional blue ! ribbons. Minnesota forged to the front in the ! Chester White swine division, H. A. : Derenthal, of Wykoff, winning the title for junior, senior and grand champion sow and senior and grand champion boar. Ile gathered in twelve blue ribbons; five red, three white, one pink, and one yel low. Canadian visitors were cheered when J. H. Patrick, of llderton. Ont., won the prize for the champion breeding Lincoln ram. Further cause for rejoicing by Canadians came in the grain and hay show, when J. C. Mitchell, of Dahinda, Sask, took the special award for the best sample of wheat. John W. Lucas, Calgary, Aita., won tho special prize for oats. J. Mainmort, Astoria, Illinois, won the sweepstakes for a single ear of corn with a sample of yellow corn. In the region al, 10 ear class, J. J. Shambaugh, Miles City, Montana, won in region 1; Charles Laughlin, Three Oaks, Mich., in region 2; C. N. Troy er, LaFontaine, Ind., In regiou 3; Thomas Owen, Franklin, Ind., in region 4; Gil T. Buford, Pulaski, Tenn., region 5, and Fred C. Carr, San Francisco, in region 6. Reds Hold American Red Cross Physician Prisoner in Moscow Riga, Dec., 1—A letter received at tho American Ited Cross headquarters here, signed by Dr. S. A. Jauger, of Chicago, asserts that ' he doctor, though «a American physician, is imprisoned in Moscow. The letter adds that he was captured by the soviets while discharg ing his duty as a member of the Ameri can Red Cross. Paris, Dec., 2—The l'avis headquart ers of the American Red Cross here has no record of Dr. .Tanger, either with the Wrangel or Polish forces. It says, however, that he may have been • meim>er of one of tho Siberian unita.