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GREAT FAILS DAILY TRIBUNE
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1920. PRICE FIVE CENTS FALL OF FIUME IMMINENT; TROOPS ENTER NOTORIOUS "MONK" EASTMAN IS MURDERED Heroic War Record Re warded by Return to Citizenship in N. Y. Leader of Drug Addicts and Burglars Served Many Prison Terms. New York, Dec. 26.—"Monk" Eastman, once leader of a no torious gang- that terrorized the lower East side, a convicted felon, but restored to citizenship as a reward for heroism as a soldier in the great war, was slain shortly before daybreak Sunday by "some one unknown". Eastman's body, -with five bullet wounds, was found by a policeman od a street corner. Nearby, on the steps of n subway entrance law a revolver with five empty shells. Robbery Not Motive In the dead man's pockets were $140, a watch and chain, and a Christmas card. Presence of the valuables indi cated to the police that the killing of Eastman probably was not part of the prevailing crime wave, but the result of a vendetta. Eastman, whose right name was Wil liam Delaney, had a youthful career that was lurid even for underworld annals. The son of wealthy and indulgent par ents, he chose as his companions the gangstvs of the one-time toughest dis trict in New York, near Fourteenth street and Third avenue, only a block from where he was killed Sunday morn ing. Underworld Poylçlot A dozen years ago the "Monk" East man gang was composed of gunmen, burglars and drug addicts, and police claimed to have traced a score of mur der mysteries to the zone in which the gangsters operated. Their leader, how ever. served terms for lesser crimes— burglary, smuggling of narcotics, and disposing of stolen goods. The last time Eastman appeared on police records was in 1915 when he was arrested, pleaded guilty to robbery and was sentenced to two years in prison. On his release in October. 1917. he on listed as a doughboy in the 106th In-1 fantry of the 27th division. He then was 45 years old. Lacked Citizenship After the war he was honorably dis charged, but lacked the rights of citizen ship because he had been convicted of felony. Governor Smith, in restoring the soldier's civic status, acted on the rec ommendations of the regiment's officers. The letter of Lieutenant J. A. Kerrigan read: "During the attack on Veirstaat ridge. Eastman was wounded and taken to a j casualty clearing station. He remained j there only three days, for upon hearing j that the regiment expected to go into the line again, he escaped from the hospital, equipped himself from a salvage dump, joined his company and was in action throughout the entire Hindenburg line shove. His conduct was exemplary and he has never been reported for absence without leave or any other offense. Examination of Menial Condition Will Be Made by Pennsyl vania Sanity Board. j Uniontown, Fa.. Dec. 26.—Albert j Smith, IS), of Fairhope, son of a real ! estate operator, under arrest here in. connection with many mysterious fires ! during the past several months, in which more than $1,000.000 worth of property was destroyed, Sunday accom panied state troopers in an automobile to the scene of 13 of the fires. Fayette county authorities say he admitted hav ing knowledge of all of them. Monday an examination into Smith's mental condition will begin. State troopers removed the prisoner's overshoes, which they took to the scenes of several of the nearby fires for the purpose of fitting them in some of the footprints in the frozen snow and ground. They later reported that not only did the shoes fit the footprints, but ^ that a small piece of rubber torn from j the sole had left its mark. Enrico Caruso, Tenor, Pleurisy Sufferer New York, Dec. 26.—Enrico Caruso, tenor, is suffering from an attack of pluerisy, the -Metropolitan Opera house management announced tonight. He is tinder the ?are of five physicians, who issued a statement tonight saying the attack "is of a painful, though not ser ious character, and will necessitate his being conL~ned to his room for a period." i ><AMERICAN Causes 2 Deaths His Matrimonial Inter ests in a Member of Feminine Partnership Blamed for Slayings. New York, Doc. 26.—A man's matrimonial interests in one mem ber of a feminine business partner ship is believed to have causted a quarrel between two Brooklyn young women, who were found dead in their "little beauty parlor" Sunday. Clasping an automatic in her right hand. Miss Ann A. Dontegan, a nurse decorated by the French, lay in the middle of the room, a bullet wound in her temple. Mrs. Edna Hague, 25, a widow, shot through "the back of the head, was lying at the door. Thrfee months ago Miss Donegan's sister said, the nurse furnished capi tal and with Mrs. Hague opened the beauty shop. Mrs. Hague conducted the establishment while her partner, working as a district nurse, managed Its finances. Dissolution of the busi ness was threatened several weeks ago, she said, when Mrs. Hague told her partner she had received a pro posal of marriage and probably would accept. The nurse, objected, because if Mrs. Hague left she would suffer a heavy loss. Income Tax Forms to Be Distributed January 3, 1921 Washington, Dec. 26.—Distribu tion of forms for filing income tax returns for 1920 will begin January 3, the bureau of internal revenue an nounced Sunday night. Collectors for each of 64 districts will simul taneously release six classes of forms on that date. The forms to be sent out are for making returns on corporation in come and profits taxes; merchant marine corporation taxtes and gov ernment contract profits tax; In formation as to subsidiary or affili ated corporations; schedule of tax able interest on liberty bonds, asd certificates of inventory. Minister's Haete Communion Cup Stirs Suspicion, and Beating Detroit, Mich., Dec. 26.—Mis taken for a thief as he was hurrying to his church with communion cups under his arm, Rev. Harry G. Miley, pastor of St. Paul's English Evan gelical church, was stopped and bad ly beaten by a crowd Sunday. The minister was knocked down twice and kicked by members of the crowd before he could make his identity known. His face was cut and ho was badly bruised. GERMAN FOREIGN TRADE SUFFERS BADLY IN 1920 Hamburg, Germany, Dec. 26.—(By the Associated Press).—Germany's foreign trade relations, which in 1919 gave some promise of gradual and substantial im provement, suffered disastrously during 1920, the Hamburg chamber of cim merce says in its annual report to be published Monday. Without revision of the Versailles treaty, the chamber says it will be impossible for Germany to arrive at her normal economic and political con dition. results," adds the report. "There is a further movement towards improvement j of German economical conditions in the j over-stocking of foreign markets with ! food and raw stuffs," Warns of Foreign Credits, ! , , . • , The report advises against the accept a "°? " f foreign credits by the Germans 'There are some signs of the begin ning of a better state of conditions in the apparent increased inclination to:? work and the desire for better productive! - — "unless the stipulations for paying back the loans are clearly prepared " It is believed by the chamber of com Washington, Dec. 26.—Increase of 240 per cent in American exports to j Spain from 1014 to 1919, is noted in a American Exports to Spain Jump 240 Per Cent, Report report on the "growing importance of the Spanish market," made public Sun day by the department of commerce. The favorable American trade growth is explained by Trade Commissioner Arthur Young, author of the report, as due largely to the displacement of Ger many and to some extent of France amd Great Britain in the Spanish market by the United States. As a result of the war, the report asserts Spain, like the United States, SÄTtlÄS»* Ä" ™, Spain in 1919, amounting to $772,000, Spa 000, RAILROADS COMPLETE RECORD YEAR AND CONTEMPLATE NO INCREASE IN FREIGHT RATES Banished Mexican Revolutionary Chief Reaches Guatemala Mexico City, Dec. 26.—Felix Diaz, ntephew of former President Diaz and at one time a revolutionary leader, who, after his recent cap ture in the state of Vera Cruz, was deported to Cuba, has arrived in Guatemala and is said to bto contem plating aggression against the Mex ican government, according to re ports received here Saturday night. Candido Aguilar, son-in-law of the late President Carranza, who at various timtes has been reported to be harboring revolutionary ideas, is known to be in Guatemala. The war office here has announced they were watchiRg Aguilar's movements, but does not bfelieve ha intended to start trouble in Mexico. Manifesto Addressed to Nations' League Pre pared, Says Paris. Paris. Pec. 26,-Ij San festo has been prepared by the Austrian government addressed to the League of Nations, asking that. Austria be attached to Germany. Dr. Walter Simons, the German foreign minister, and Count Ottokar Cssernin von Chudenitz, former Austro-Hungarian foreign minister, are said to have drafted the document. The Petit Parisien declares that the recent treaty signed by Italy and Jugo slavia specifically provides for recipro cal support to prevent any restoration of the monarchy either in Austria or Hungary. A Copenhagen dispatch December 8 said Count Czernin von Chudenitz was j in Berlin discussing with leading poHti eians the possibility of uniting Germany and Austria following the latter's admis- j sion into the League of Nations. merce that the United States is in a re markable position for development of its V American line—Harrirnan shipping rangement has placed Germany in a po sition to obtain some share of the ex panding business. German commerce with the South American countries is reported to be vir tually at a standstill. American Blacklist Felt The effoct of the American blacklist on German goods is seen in neutral coun tries of Sou i h America, where, according 0 , e report, German firms are finding almost impossible to resume business. German prices, which are described as too high, are declared to have adversely affected trade, particularly in Colombia, where most buyers who contracted with German firms cancelled their orders in world trade and it thinks the Hamburg favor of the Americans. The report regrets destruction of Ger man business in the Philippines by "for cible expropriation of German property." It expects the American government will pay for this promptly directly to Ger man owners. Historic Miles City Hotel Burns; Loss Estimated at $10 > 000 Miles City, Dec. 26.—The Miles City hotel, formerly the Drover house, a two story frame building, burned to the ground Sunday afternoon, estimated loss $10,000. The building was constructed in the early tSO's and was then the finest and virtually the oin|y hotel in the town, its history being interwoven with that of the Montana Stock Growers association. . . , ., The present owner of the building is J* W. Willis, but it was owned success j V elv by John Carter, who built it, C. F. I. caught fire twice wbiIe Jlr - Kusch was the proprie tor. Move Largest Gross Ton nage in History Since Being Placed Under Private Direction, De clares Chairman of As sociation of Railway Executives in Statement rars and with " the nn(î night, rain or shine work of hundreds of thousands Washington, Dec. 26.—Ameri can railroads are completing a record year and have no inten tion of asking for another gen eral increase in rates, Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, chairman of the Association of Railway Execu tives, declared Sunday night in a statement reviewing the rail road situation of 1920. The year just ending, Chairman Cuyler asserted, saw American railroads placed again under private operation and under such direction saw them move a larger gross tonnage than ever before and also establish new records in the amount of transportation gotten out of each car. These records, Mr. Cuyler added, were n ot achieved by the railroads alone but with the aid of shippers in unloading of employes." Denies Rate Boost Move. Mr. Cuyler referred in his review to reports that the railroads' plan to ask of the railroads for a genera, increase in ÏÏÏ''"° " l "' to rates, nor do I expect any. It is true b - y J l nrtbf ' r . economies and efficiency. that the railroad companies are not yet receiving from the increased rates any thing like the six percent return needed, But the railway executives realize that they are trustees of a great public inter est m the reduction of railroad operat ing expenses to the lowest possible fig ure, and every effort will be made dur ing the coming year to accomplish this The achievements of the railroad com panics since return of their lines to private operation last March 1 were set forth by Chairman Cuyler as follows: Achievements of Roads. "Increased the movement per freight car per day 6.3 miles—from 22.3 to 28.6 miles. "Made substantial reductions in the number of unserviceable locomotives. j "Reduced the accumulation of loaded but unmoved cars from 103,237 on ; March 1, to 21,991 on December 3, of j which only 6,386 were detained because j of the inability of the railroads to move | them. "Relocated approximately 180,00(3 box cars from the east to the west for the movement of farm products. Improvement Extened. "Relocated approximately 180,000 open top cars from the west to the east to keep up the production of coal. "Moved the third highest coal pro duction in the history of the country. "Spent over $500,000,000 extra on improving the maintenance of tracks, bridges, cars and locomotives. "Contracted to spend about $250,000, 000, largely out of earnings for addi-) tions and betterments to promote th-e movement of cars. "Made arrangements to purchase ap v I proximately 50,000 new freight cars. J 1.500 new locomotives, and 1,000 new ! passenger cars. "Began the reconstruction of thou- j sands of old cars. Surpassed Freight Record. "Moved—with a deteriorated plant, j under disturbed labor and business con- j ditions—the largest volume of traffic ! ever known in a single year, with the j highest efficiency yet achieved, and with j a minimum addition to the value of the ; property on which the public has to j pay a return through rates." "Private ownership and operation of j the railroads as a measure of sound I public policy," said Mr. Cuyler in con- j elusion, "rests largely upon its superior j efficiency and economy. In my judgment the American railroad companies during the present year have fully justified* and during the coming year will make every effort to continue to justify, the support and confidence which public opinion In gratifying measure has already accorded them." "Increased the average load per car 1.7 tons—from 28,3 to 30 tons. ' Coolidges Enjoy Holiday; Didn't Have to Wash the Dishes Springfield, Mass., Oec. 26—Cal vin Coolidge, Jr., in r. brief inter view Sunday afternoon, denied that he and his brother and Governor Coolidge donned aprons and washed dishes after the Christians dinner at their Northhampton home, lie said that the "men" o* tlio family washed no diajjes that day. Incendiary Wave Rolls Destruction Into Pittsburgh, Pa. Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 26.—A W3ve of Incendiarism which for the last several months has been sweeping over portions of LaFayette, West moreland, and Washington counties, made its appearance in Allegheny oounty Sunday when the school build ing at Wiiklnsburg, a suburb of Pitts burg, was burned to the ground. The fire was discovered by a, mem ber of the Wilkinsburg police force, who, according to his report, fired several shots at a man running from the building. Firemen stated later that much of the woodwork bore evi dences of having been covered with oil. STATE STATUTES A • T C American Insurance oyn dicates Handicapped by Anti-Trust Laws. Washington, Dec. 26.—Repeal of <»tatt* anti-trust, laws to legalize the newly and fisheries and The Sn ÄTtiSWS shipping board The report, which was prepared bv Dr. S . S. Huebner, insurance expert of the committee and the board, attacks legis latlve disabilities imposed by state stat ut , s on the development of America* insurance for American ships and rcc-, ommends a more liberal treatment of American companies in the matter of taxation and legal restrictions. Existing state statutes regulating marine insurance represents a provincial treatment of an international business. the report declares, and adoption of re medial measures to put American marine insurance on a par with foreign under writers is advocated. of GERMAN ARMY 100,000. Berlin, Dee. 2H.—The effectives . the German army have been reduced to 100,000, in accordance with the Spa agreement with the allies, it was offi cially announced Sunday. CONGRESS LEADERS AND HARDING TALK YANKEE PROBLEMS „ . ^ ^ . . Marion, Ohio, Dec. 26.—Questions of foreign relations and an association of ,. nations will give way to domestic d;s cussions at the home of President Elect Harding here this week. Among those with whom Senator Harding will discuss domestic problems are a number of sen ate and house leaders. Days on which they will be in Marion have not been announced. The list includes Senator Porter Me Cumber, of North Dakota, one of the ranking members of the senate finance committee; Representative J. W. Good of Iowa, chairman of the house ap-* propriatious committee; Representative Frank Mondell, of Wyoming, majority Cork Newspaper Plant Wrecked; Altitude on Pastoral Letter Qlamed Cork, Dec. 26.—Thirty armed and masked raiders invaded the offices of the Cork Examiner, Christinas eve, broke the machinery with hammers, wrecked parts of the building with explosives and set fire to the property. Tney escaped before arrival of police. The fire was extinguished, but other damage was ex tensive. The raiders, who wore civilian cloth ing, said they were acting under "orders of the Irish Republic." They forced their way through the front entrance, carrying sledge hammers with which they smashed two large printing presses. Cutting the telephone wires, they proceeded to pluce bomba and sticks IS RESISTED General Caviglia Gradually Tightens Grip About Poet's Forces, Which Are Retreating Without Resistance; Tri est and Udine Conflict on Number of Casualties; Aviation Ground and Factories Occupied; Fleet in Harbor Ready for Emergency Triest, Dec. 26. —(By The Associated Press).—The Italian regulars have reached the factories on the edge of Fiume and are closing in gradually on the d'Annunzian strongold. It is ex pected Fiume will be taken Sunday night or Monday morning. LITTLE URGENT TILL M YEAR Senator Curtis Notifies Republicans to Bill Into Committee. Solid Democratic Line Up Against Embargo _ . V Ote ' ; I j 1 ri ÖT vn-\r»T-aH/» ï inp- - Lyemocrauc L-,ine , T t TT T C I in Upper liouse Is oeen. ; ; several hearings and other , Washington, Dec. 26.—Congress will I reassemble Monday after a brief j Christmas week end, but the holiday ! spirit promises to prevail, little impor- j tant business being planned until the ! 1 ! affairs will go over. The opening clash in the senate on j ! lne l "T h | ^ ; , he Blocked bv the democrats last thl rennbli^ns nlan fo^ MondaT ! 'measure to the fi najne e committees. Notices com i paging Christmas greeting to all repub )j can senators from Senator Curtis of Kansas, republican whip, urging a solid Republican phalanx Monday to vote the tariff measure into committee. Senator j Harrison, of Mississippi, and other Dem- ] ocrats opposing the Dill plan to use ev- j ; ery parliamentary tactic in their power j in a play for time. They do not hope to prevent ultimate committee reference, ! Prospects are that there will be aj : much more solid Democratic lineup j j against tariff legislation in the senate j j than in thp house and Republican lead- I ers, accordingly, plan to forego formal j (Continued on P»fe Two) ' , , . . T> . .. r> » leader m the house; Representative Pat I ' c ' î seutative Daniel R. Anthony, of Kan sas me mber of the house military com mittee. Cabinet selections are also expected to be discussed at a proposed conference with Will II. Hays, chairman of the Republican national committee. Governor Elect Harry L. Davis, of Ohio, also is on the list for a confer ence which is expected to deal w!tb Senator Harding's resignation from the senate and the appointment of his suc cessor by the incoming governor. It in expected that Senator Elect Frank B Willis -will be named to finish out Sen ator Harding's unexpired term. 0 f gelante under tho machinery, some ()f w hicli was blown to pieces. It is believed the attack was caused by the attitude of the Examiner on the recent pastoral letter issued bv the bishop of Cork. FOUR YULE CASUALTIES^. Dublin, Dec. 26.—Two civilians and one soldier were slightly wounded here in disturbances Christmas. Two men who fired on the forces Sunday at 'IValee were shot dead by the military when they tried to es crown cape. They had revolvers and "dum dum" bullets in their possession. General Caviglia Friday ordered the occupation of advanced positions around Fiume in consequence of recent inci dents and the threatening attitude taken by D'Annunzio's legionaires Resist Advance; Five Die. The po et's soldiers resisted the ad vance of the troops, who lost five men killed and 30 wounded. Undine, Italy, Dec- 24.—General Cav iglia's regular troops advanced two kil ometers Sunday morning without firing a shot in a combined land and naval movement to close in on Gabriele D'Annunzio, the insurgent leader in Fiume, whose men retired. The Fiume triangle now is cut off and the poet 's aviation field has been captured. "Strangulation" is Plan. The plan of General Caviglia is grad nally to tighten his grip on Fiume until D'Annunzio is reduced to helplessness. Caviglia's men advanced from the north, cutting off the top of the triangle of which Fiume is formed, and* occupied Orobnico. Santa Groce and San Mattia. The D'Annunzio troops evacuated the points without offering the slightest re sistance. At points from the shore northward D'Annunzio line gave way and the regulars advanced half a kilometer. It —«_ - — t». movement from was a simultaneous three side*. Fleet Keeps Guard. say . ^ the troops advanced on the hiHy ground overlooking tne sea, the Italian fleet kept silent guard m Fiume £ a . r - The powerful squadron consists of Jf «-"WS® .... , "C gives the word. TAX LAW REVISION HI FOR DROP OF Repeal ExCPSS Profits, C Ut Sur» tax; Levy Business On Preceding Year. I j New York, Dec. 26.—Reeommenda ' tions for a radical revision of the federal tai laws, calling for a curtailment of ! more than one billion dollars a year, were made public Sunday by the tax committee of the national industrial con ference board The report, expressing the opinion of only the committemen themselves, will be submitted as a basis for discussion of the third national industrial tax confer ence which will convene here January 21-22. The report of the committee presents the following recommendations, which would reduce federal revenue: Abolish Excess Profits. i Repeal of the excess profit tax, which j wou!( j d; m j n j s h the federal taxes to the i extent of $900.000.000 a year Redaction of surtax rates, which would entail a loss of $200,000,000 annually. A provision that business losses for any year should be deductible from the income derived during the succeeding year or the preceding year, if the in come of the succeeding year is insuffic ient, which would curtail taxes $50,000, 000 yearly. Sale Tax Opposed. The committee opposed a sale or turn over tax in the recommendations for re medial changes. These changes, the re port stated, would have but little effect on the gross revenue derived from tax ation. The committee declared in its report that the proposal for au excise tax on the privilege of holding laud and natural resources is unsound. "Sincere and vigorous retrenchment in public expenditures must stand behind any tax system aimed to work perma nent public improvement," the report said. Co-operation Urged. The report calls on the business men to act together to remedy a situation that the committee believes to be work ing private injustice and public harm. "Business agreement will accomplish a public benefit," the report states, "but business disagreements on this important ; subject will merely intensify and multiply the injurious factors of a bad situation. Chicago Show Houses Cut Ticket Prices to Pre-War Level Chicago, Dec. 26.—Theater ticket prices in Chicago will bo reduced fifty cents a ticket it was announced Sunday night by Harry J. Powers, manager of four downtown houses. He said other managers would soon reduce their prices to the prewar basis.